Imperialist Pressures push the SYRISA – ANEL government to full submission

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Tuesday March 10, 2015

In only 20 minutes (so we don’t waste time!) the Eurogroup of March 9th 2015 defined the policy with which the imperialists – lenders of EU – ECB – IMF will supervise our country and the lives of the working people. By tomorrow the program – memorandum will start to be evaluated, talks with imperialist “technical teams” will begin in Brussels, the economic data of the Greek policy will be checked, new measures for a balanced budget will be implemented, the government will refrain from “unilateral actions”, privatizations will continue, and new VAT hikes will follow along with slashes on social security.

Under the threat of financial asphyxiation the SYRISA – ANEL government takes another step towards compliance and submission to the imperialist demands, accepting on the one hand all the anti-labor and anti-popular context of previous governments, and on the other prepares to add new burdens on the working people, in order to continue the capital flow to the lenders and to keep in place the imperialist yoke. The imperialist threats and blackmails cannot be dealt with by a government which at all times takes a vow to the imperialist EU and IMF and seeks “protection” in the imperialist US.

The anti-imperialist cause is a people’s cause who must immediately organize its struggle and not resign from the demands for bread – work – freedoms. The recent developments mean a worsening for the living conditions of the workers and the youth, as new measures alongside old ones are being prepared against them. The recent agreements in the Eurogroup show that the people’s movement cannot wait. The imperialists, the local bourgeoisie and the government proceed with fast steps to a new “regularity” of poverty, unemployment, overtaxing, and leveling of the last remnants of social security. The continuation of this nightmarish reality must not be accepted. It cannot be healed by laws against the so-called “humanitarian crisis”. The workers and the people must pave another road claiming their rights.

● Down with the governmental policy of submission to the imperialists

● The peoples do not need protectors

● Anti-imperialist front of struggle by the people and youth

● US – NATO – EU – IMF out of Greece

● Front of Resistance and Demand for bread – work – freedoms

Communist Party of Greece (marxist – leninist)

International Bureau

Peoples War in India Clippings 16/3/2015

kerala

RETURN OF THE NATIVE: CPI-MAOIST IN KERALA – ANALYSIS

On 7 December 2014, in the first ever incident of its type, personnel of Thunderbolt, the elite paramilitary commando unit of the Kerala Police exchanged fire with a six-member team of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) at the Chappa forest area located on Kozhikode-Wayanad border. No casualties were reported as the Maoist team escaped following a 10-minute long encounter. In the subsequent days, small teams of Maoists vandalised forest offices at Wayanad and Palakkad and carried out an attack on a private quarry-cum-crusher unit in Kannur district.

On the basis of these three incidents, that occurring occurred within a span of two months (December 2014 and January 2015), it is difficult to conclude that Kerala could soon become a stronghold of left-wing extremists. However, what is undeniable is that the social conditions that allowed the rise of Naxalism in the late 1960s in Kerala continue to persist and are again being exploited by the extremists. Worse still, in spite of at least a two-year old input of the CPI-Maoist’s foray into the region, the state administration has done little to meet the exigencies. Inspired by the Naxalbari uprisings, Kerala witnessed the first incident of left-wing extremist violence in the form of a raid on the Thalassery police station in North Malabar’s Kannur district on 21 November 1968. The attack, however, ended in a failure. Of the 1000 Naxals and their sympathisers planned to take part in the raid, only 315 turned up.

A lone grenade hurled at the police station failed to explode and as the sentry at the police station set off the alarm, the group fled. Two days later, however, a successful attack was carried out on the Pulpalli police wireless station that resulted in the killing of some police personnel. Other raids on the same day targeted estates of landlords in the Wayanad forests by armed peasants, workers and students under the leadership of Kunnikal Narayanan. Grains seized from the estates were distributed among the poor. However, most of the people who took part in the attack, including Arikkad Varghese and Philip M. Prasad, were arrested. Following these raids, Naxal supreme leader Charu Majumdar sent a congratulatory message hailing the “heroism and courage displayed by the impoverished masses of Kerala” which he said “have raised a new wave of enthusiasm among the revolutionary people all over India.”

However, apart from the fact that arrests played a role in weakening the Naxal movement in Kerala, Majumdar’s insistence on targeting the unarmed landlords and zamindars further divided the Naxals in the state. Leaders like Kunnikal Narayanan wanted to remain focused on attacking the police stations. Few more raids took place in the subsequent years. In 1969, a police station in Kuttiyadi was attacked, in which Naxal leader Velayudhan was killed. In 1970, Naxals killed a landlord in Thirunelly and looted grains from another landlord’s house. The spike in extremist violence led the Congress party-led state government to launch an operation that led to several Naxal leaders being arrested. Prominent leader, 32-year old Arikkad Verghese, was killed in controversial circumstances.

Such measures crushed the Naxalite movement in Kerala by 1976. Charu Majumadar’s hope that the “heroic peasant revolutionaries of Kerala would lead the tens of millions of revolutionary people of India,” failed to materialise. The December 2014 and January 2015 incidents, have been interpreted as a resurfacing of left-wing extremism in the state after nearly four decades. Districts like Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kannur, and Kasaragod have been identified as areas of Maoist presence. State police sources indicate that these districts would link up the Eastern Ghats to the Western Ghats and provide the Maoists a safe route for movement of cadres and arms.

While these assessments could be true, what is being forgotten is that the CPI-Maoist has been building up its base in the tri-junction of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu at least since 2011. The Kerala government had been alerted by the Ministry of Home Affairs in 2011 regarding the outfit’s plan to develop the tri-junction into a ‘perspective area’ for their activities. However, riding on a lethargic state response, by 2012, the CPI-Maoist had prepared well for launching the second stage of its presence in that region by declaring the formation of the Western Ghats guerrilla zone in Dakshina Kannada.

The outfit made an abortive bid to attack the Thirunelly police station on 18 February 2012 to mark the martyrdom of Arikkad Varghese. And yet, till the attack on December 2014 took place, the state administration did little in terms of a futuristic plan of meeting the extremist challenge. In terms of human development indicators, districts like Mallapuram, Wayanad and Palakkad lie at the bottom, thus, constituting perspective areas for Maoist growth and operation. The CPI-Maoist is a far more organised and capable extremist outfit compared to the Naxals who were crushed in the 1970s. Kerala would do well to develop a synchronised plan of development and security to respond to the emerging threat.

http://www.eurasiareview.com/16032015-return-of-the-native-cpi-maoist-in-kerala-analysis/

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No ‘Rambo-style’ operations in Naxal areas, SOPs being revised: CRPF

CRPF will desist from undertaking any “Rambo”-style operations in the Naxal-affected areas even as the standard operating procedures in that regard are being rejigged, the chief of the country’s largest paramilitary force has said. Also, in the Left Wing-Extremism operations theatre, more than one lakh central security troops, apart from state police forces, will now be able to get better feed and intelligence data from technological gadgets as the NTRO’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) base has now been operationalised right inside the Naxal hotbed in Chhattisgarh.

“We don’t need to do Rambo-style operations… we don’t want that. When we ask our boys to perform a task (in Naxal- affected areas), they do it with a prompt sincerity and hence it is our responsibility to see that they are safe,” CRPF Director General Prakash Mishra told PTI. The former Odisha DGP, who took charge of the lead anti-Naxal operations force a few months back, said that the operations of the force will now be more focused and intelligence-based rather than being done by deploying security personnel in “herds” to effect a Rambo-type offensive that requires a huge number of boots on the ground. “We believe quality operations with specific intelligence should be the aim. I have already said all large operations where a large mobilisation of forces is required will need to get clearance from the headquarters,” the DG said. He added that the SOPs in this regard were being “fine-tuned and rejigged”.

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) chief, after taking charge of the three-lakh-strong force in December of last year, had made it known that his “top priority” was to ensure fewer or zero casualties involving personnel in anti-Naxal operations. Mishra had earlier said that such operations, where there are a big number of troops on the ground, leads to larger visibility of personnel in the operation area, thereby making them vulnerable, tired and easier to be spotted and identified. Close to 100 security personnel were killed in these operations last year with the major cause of death being Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attacks or ambushes staged either by Naxal or security forces.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/no-rambo-style-operations-in-naxal-areas-sops-being-revised-crpf/

Naxal with Rs 2 lakh reward on his head arrested in Gadchiroli

A member of ‘area security committee’ of the Naxals who carried Rs two lakh reward on his head was arrested in a joint operation by the police and CRPF in the Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, police said today. Ramesh Dhanoram Netam (43) was arrested last week and after three days in the police custody was sent in judicial remand till March 26, said a release by Gadchiroli police. He was a member of ‘Tippagarh Dalam’, police said. A rifle and explosives were also seized from him.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/naxal-with-rs-2-lakh-reward-on-his-head-arrested-in-gadchiroli-115031600986_1.html

Three hardcore Naxals held in Jharkhand

Three hardcore Naxals including one carrying a reward of Rs 2 lakh on his head, were arrested today from Saomarangbeda village under Arki police station in Khunti district.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/three-hardcore-naxals-held-in-jharkhand-115031600976_1.html

Turf war among Maoists likely to turn bloodier

GAYA: With TPC, a splinter group of CPI (Maoist), threatening to indulge in more violence and Maoists’ well-known eye-for-eye principle, the ongoing turf war between the different sects of the “gun religion” is going to be bloodier in the days to come. On Wednesday, TPC squad gunned down Jaglal Ganju, said to be an area commander of the CPI (Maoists). Jaglal’s body was recovered from a field under Kothi police station in Gaya district. A resident of neighbouring Jharkhand, the alleged area commander was deployed in Dumaria-Imamganj region of the Naxalite-hit district.

Virtually throwing an open challenge to the parent organization, the TPC left behind a hand note near the slain’s body. Besides owning the killing of the Maoist area commander, the TPC note threatened more such killings. Acknowledging Jagalal’s assassination as a retaliatory action, the TPC note said the score was yet not fully settled and the Maoists will have to pay for their acts through the lives of its cadre. However, the TPC note did not specify either the next target or the location of its next operation. Interestingly, the TPC note also denied any police-TPC nexus and attributed the nexus story to the “Maoist canard”.

Maoists, on their part, allege that TPC enjoyed police patronage as the forces engaged in anti-Naxal operation encouraged and helped TPC to engage in a proxy war with the Maoists. The charge was also made during a Chatra (Jharkhand) incident earlier when more than a dozen Maoists were killed in a gun battle with their estranged “Red siblings”. Though senior police officers formally deny the Maoist allegation that TPC enjoyed police support, the war within the extra large Naxal umbrella brings good news to the forces engaged in anti-Naxal operations as it weakens the enemy.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Turf-war-among-Maoists-likely-to-turn-bloodier/articleshow/46567374.cms

Hardcore Maoist found dead in Bihar

Gaya: A hardcore Maoist was on Thursday found dead in a locality under Kothi police station area in Bihar’s Gaya district, a police officer said. Acting on information by local people, the police recovered the body of an ultra from Talaiya Bazar, Kothi police station in-charge Qayamuddin Ansari said. The body was identified as that of one Jaglal Ganju, a native of Chatra district of Jharkhand, who was said to be an area commander of the proscribed outfit – CPI(Maoist), Kothi police station in-charge Qayamuddin Ansari said.

The dead body bore marks of injuries from bullet indicating that he was shot dead, he said, adding a pamphlet was found from the spot bearing the name of another Naxal outfit – Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) in which it was claimed that Ganju’s murder was a revenge for killing of a TPC cadre Kuldeep Yadav recently, he said. The body has been sent for post-mortem, Ansari said, adding a probe was on in the matter.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/bihar/hardcore-maoist-found-dead-in-bihar_1560283.html

Gumla encounter after alert on top rebel; Maoist killed

RANCHI/GUMLA/BOKARO: One Maoist was killed and four others were injured during an encounter with security forces in Gumla district early on Friday morning. Unconfirmed reports, however, said four more Maoists were killed but police did not confirm the report. Pawan Kumar Singh, ASP (operations), and SDPO Mohammad Arshi led two teams of forces to Sargaon village in Maoist-hit Chainpur near Jharkhand-Chhattisgarh border after police got information that top Maoist leader Deokumar Singh alias Arvindji was holding a meeting with his core in the hills.

“Maoists started firing at our team when they approached the hills. Our forces launched a far stronger retaliatory fire which killed one and injured at least four of them,” said CRPF IG R K Mishra, who is camping in Gumla. The ecurity forces destroyed the Maoist hideout in Gumla and two bunkers in Bokaro. “We have seized one rifle, a hand grenade, 150 live cartridges, huge quantity of food grain and several utensils from the Maoist camp,” said Lohardaga SP Manoj Ratan, who is in-charge of Gumla.

“We saw the rebels run away with injured men on their back. They took the advantage of the topography and escaped,” Mishra said. The encounter went on for two hours after which police launched a search operation. The combing operations continued throughout the day, an officer said. Gumla SDPO Mohammad Arshi said, “The encounter continued for about two hours and then search operation was carried out.” In Bokaro, Jharkhand Jaguar jawans and CRPF personnel busted two artificial bunkers of Maoists on Jhumra Hill in Gomia block on Friday. Police seized grenades, live cartridges, can bombs and other items hidden by the rebels in the forest. This was the third major recovery from Jhumra and Luggu in 25 days.

Bokaro SP A Vijaylaxmi said they launched a search operation following intelligence inputs about movement of a Maoist squad headed by its leader, Santosh Mahto. “We have recovered two hand grenades, 10 kilograms cane bomb, live cartridges of AK-47 and Insas rifles besides naxal literature,” said Vijaylaxmi. Vijaylaxmi added that they found soaps, detergent powder and registers in which Maoists kept account of their expenditure. Police have information that apart from Mahto group, an outsider squad is also making movement in the area. “We are carrying out frequent raids in Jhumra and other Maoist-prone areas. This is the third big achievement for police,” said Vijaylaxmi.

Meanwhile, suspected Maoists attacked a site of Dhibra mica mines under Lokaynayanpur police station area of Giridih in the wee hours on Friday and killed the manager Shyam Rout, 35, injured his aide and thrashed all the 10 labourers. “They torched two vehicles and warned them of more attacks if they do not stop the work. It appears that the Maoists had sought levy from the contractor. An investigation has been launched into the case,” DSP headquarter Vijay Ashish Kujur said. No arrest has been made in the case so far. DGP D K Pandey also visited Gumla to take stock of the situation. He has directed policemen to carry out extensive combing operations against the Naxalites.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Gumla-encounter-after-alert-on-top-rebel-Maoist-killed/articleshow/46559382.cms

INDIA: CHHATTISGARH ASSESSMENT 2015 – ANALYSIS

Continuing the momentum after the December 1, 2014, Kasalpar [Sukma] attack on Security Forces (SFs), in which 14 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel, including two officers, were killed, Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres killed at least seven civilians in six incidents, and 10 SF personnel in nine incidents, while losing just three cadres in two incidents, as of February 25, 2015, in Chhattisgarh. Interestingly, there has not been a single major incident [resulting in a total of three or more casualties] in this period, indicating that the Maoists are going about their business steadily, without drawing much attention to themselves.

http://www.eurasiareview.com/14032015-india-chhattisgarh-assessment-2015-analysis/

Tel

INDIA: MAOIST EBB IN TELANGANA – ANALYSIS

..Interestingly, even as the undivided Andhra Pradesh successfully broke the backbone of Maoist movement in the State, the Maoists managed retain a shadow of their presence in the State. That shadow remains visible in Telangana. At the time of the creation of Telangana, there was some apprehension that the Maoists would find conditions in the new State favourable to engineer a comeback, particularly in view of the fact that the movement for the bifurcation of Andhra was deeply penetrated by Maoist elements.

Eight months after the creation of the new State, however, the profile of Maoist activities has not changed significantly. On February 14, 2015, the Bhadrachalam Sub-divisional Police claimed to have foiled a bid by Maoists to plant explosives in the Korkatpadu forest area in Charla mandal in Khammam District to kill policemen. Four persons were arrested, including Madakam Deva (20), a special guerrilla squad (SGS) member and Madakam Jogaiah (21), a ‘militia commander’.

The Police team seized one directional mine and one landmine, 100 metres of electric wire, two electrical detonators and one electric battery from them. On December 28, 2014, the Bhadrachalam Sub-divisional Police had thwarted a bid by Maoists to blast a cell phone tower, after a half- hour exchange of fire, at Satyanarayanapuram in Charla mandal. The Police recovered three weapons, live ammunition, bows and arrows, petrol cans and revolutionary literature from the incident site. SFs reached the spot after receiving specific information about the Maoist plan. According to partial data compiled by South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), the new State of Telangana, since its inception, recorded two civilian fatalities and one Maoist fatality in 2014.

Before the bifurcation, one civilian and one SF trooper had been killed in 2014 in the Telangana region. Thus, the area that now comprises the Telangana State recorded a total of five fatalities – three civilian, one SF trooper [an SPO from Chhattisgarh killed during a private visit] and one suspected Maoist – in 2014. The same area had recorded three fatalities – two civilians and one SF trooper – in 2013. There has, so far, been no casualty in 2015 in Telangana in Left Wing Extremism (LWE)-related incidents.

On December 29, 2014, State Director General of Police (DGP) Anurag Sharma observed that there was no current Maoist activity in Telangana, but that the ultras enter the State from neighbouring States to attempt mischief: “After bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, the Greyhounds (anti-Naxal force) was divided and whatever units have come to us, they are good enough. We are also training the District Special Parties to tackle the Maoists.” Seven incidents of exchange of fire with Maoists took place during 2014, resulting in the death of one extremist, Sharma added, and as many as 68 Maoists surrendered before Police, while 18 were arrested. 166 Maoist cadres hailing from Telangana were still underground.

On the basis of underground and over ground activities of the Maoists, Khammam District remains moderately affected while Adilabad, Karimnagar, Mahabubnagar and Nalgonda Districts are marginally affected. The Maoist, however, are unlikely to give up their efforts to revive the movement in Telangana – the region that was, for decades, their ‘heartland’. The Karimnagar Police foiled Maoists’ attempts to revive party activities in the District with the arrest of three persons, including a militant, and the recovery of a huge quantity of ammunition and INR 1.6 million in cash from their possession, on January 13, 2015. Karimnagar DSP J. Rama Rao disclosed that, on credible information, the rural Police arrested Botla Rajendra Kumar (48) of Cheelapur village in Bejjanki mandal (revenue area), Sunil Kumar (53), an illegal arms dealer from Kanpur, and his assistant Vikas Kumar (31), from the Railway Station, and recovered the ammunition and the cash. Maoists are also making efforts to revive their old dalams (armed squads) in Adilabad District, though the area has not recorded significant rebel activity after the death of Cherukuri Rajkumar alias Azad in an encounter on July 1, 2010.

According to sources, the Maoists have revived their Mangi and Indravelli dalams and are focusing on fresh recruitments. Police claim that they were involved in two exchange of fire incidents in and around Mangi Forest in September 2014. In both instances, the Maoists escaped unhurt. Sources indicate that the Maoists are trying hard to impress upon the people that the welfare programmes of the present Telangana Government were only due to the struggle waged by the CPI-Maoist in support of the poor.

Some reports suggest that the Maoists are planning to remove Adilabad from the North Telangana Zone (NTZ) and merge it into the Dandakaranya Zone, as this would provide them with a shelter zone when SF pressure is exerted on the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB) area…

http://www.eurasiareview.com/16032015-india-maoist-ebb-in-telangana-analysis/

Karnataka budget: Stress on internal security, modernization sidelined

..For a state not affected by naxalism, the government’s sanction to raise three more units of anti-naxal squads is an odd decision, when in reality, more efforts and money should be expended toward improving communication, mobility and equipment that the state police require…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bangalore/Karnataka-budget-Stress-on-internal-security-modernization-sidelined/articleshow/46562481.cms?

West-Bengal

INDIA: MAOIST DECIMATION IN WEST BENGAL – ANALYSIS

The Maoists, who were rampaging across the Jungal Mahal region of West Bengal in 2009-10, appear to be in no position to do anything to revive the movement in the State after the body blows that they suffered with the killing of politburo member Mallojula Koteswara Rao aka Kishanji, on November 24, 2011.

Maoist activities have come to complete halt in the State since then. According to partial data collected by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), West Bengal recorded zero fatalities in all categories in 2014 and, so far, in 2015. According to Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA) data, not even a single incident of Maoist violence was recorded in West Bengal in 2014, while just one incident was recorded in 2013. The abrupt decline in Maoist activities is confirmed further by a range of other parameters:

Police inflicted further damage on the Maoists with the arrest of Anup Roy, a CPI-Maoist ‘State Committee’ member, from the Sealdah area of Kolkata District on January 29, 2014. Another top CPI-Maoist leader, Arvind Bachhar (45), wanted in a number of cases including that of a major blast in the Jhitka Forest of Jhargram in West Midnapore District, was arrested from Baduria in North 24 Parganas District on July 27, 2014. On June 18, 2014, Police seized 500 detonators and 600 gelatine sticks from a car near Tetulgram village under Kotshila Police Station of Purulia District and arrested two persons, identified as Subal Mahato and Jaladhar Dwari. On April 18, 2014, two gelatine sticks fitted with detonators were recovered from a main road, about six km from the venue of Trinamool Congress (TMC) chairperson and Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s rally at Suri in Birbhum District.

On her part, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has visited Jungal Mahal many times to generate faith in people’s minds and to accelerate development. Media assessments indicate that there is little sign of any popular discontentment against her rule in the Jungal Mahal region. There have, however, been some reports suggesting Maoist plans to revive their movement in the State. Hinting that CPI-Maoist is trying to regroup in the Junglemahal area of West Bengal, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) officers disclosed that the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) were keeping a close watch on inputs about movement of various Maoist leaders in the area. On November 14, 2014, Vivek Sahay, Inspector General (CRPF) West Bengal Sector stated,

“I won’t say that Maoists are not trying to regroup in Bengal. We get inputs that Maoists leader Ranjit Pal and others are moving here and there in Jungal Mahal… We are on high alert. We have our six battalions placed here. But let me tell you one thing, the situation in Jungal Mahal is much better than it was two-three years back.” On all current indicators, it is clear that the Maoists are in no position to execute an effective plan for their revival in the Jungal Mahal region. However, with the challenging topography of the area, there is no scope for any complacency on parts the SFs, even as Maoist efforts to capitalize on any opportunity can be expected to continue.

http://www.eurasiareview.com/16032015-india-maoist-decimation-in-west-bengal-analysis/

7,000 detonators, 3,000 explosives seized from Maoist hideouts

Police today seized 7,000 detonators, 3,000 explosives and 2,000 kg ammonium nitrate during raids conducted at Maoist hideouts in Rohtas district. Superintendent of Police Shivdeep Lande said that police had got a tip-off about the presence of around 60-65 Maoists in the forest area of Chunnhatta village under Nauhatta police station limits. When police asked them to surrender after encircling them, the extremists opened fire, the SP said. Police returned fire, forcing the Maoists to retreat deep in the forest, Lande said, adding, one Maoist operative was nabbed during the operation. On the basis of information provided by the arrested Maoist, police seized 7,000 detonators, 3,000 explosives, 2,000 kg ammonium nitrate, two tractors and some Maoist literatures from their hideouts in Chunnhatta village, the SP said.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/7-000-detonators-3-000-explosives-seized-from-maoist-hideouts-115031400562_1.html

 

bihar1

INDIA: BIHAR ASSESSMENT 2015 – ANALYSIS

Two troopers of the Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) – Constable Gulab Yadav and Constable Narottam Das – were killed and another 12 were injured when Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres blew up a mini-bus carrying personnel near Nandai on the Imamganj – Dumaria route in Gaya District on February 24, 2015. The unit also came under fire from the Maoists after the improvised explosive device (IED) blast.

According to Police sources, there was ‘heavy force mobilization’ in the area in the wake of an encounter in the vicinity a day earlier. The site of the explosion was part of an area believed to be safe, with regular traffic flows, and was not, prima facie in the ‘vulnerable’ category, which is why the COBRA unit took the liberty of travelling in a mini bus. A measure of complacency may also have crept in because of the decline in Maoist violence in the State in 2014.

According to the partial data compiled by South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), Bihar recorded 17 fatalities in Left Wing Extremism (LWE) related incidents in 2014, including seven civilians, seven Security Force (SF) personnel and three Maoists; these numbers represented a sharp drop from the 48 fatalities in 2013, including 21 civilians, 25 SF personnel and two Maoists.

http://www.eurasiareview.com/14032015-india-bihar-assessment-2015-analysis/

‘Maoist activities in Assam’s Barak Valley’

Maoist activities are being carried out in south Assam’s Barak Valley, as claimed by four Maoists who were arrested in south Assam’s Cachar district. Maoists activities include running of training camps and convincing the local people to join them, Cachar Additional Superintendent of Police Shankar Brata Rai Medhi said today. Three Maoists were picked up yesterday and one of them Suman Orang, 20, was arrested while the two others were interrogated, he said. Suman was arrested on the lead provided by three other Maoists – Naren Orang, Arjun Orang and Borsing Teron – nabbed earlier on February 28 last, the ASP said. Upon the ending of their custody, the three along with Suman have been forwarded to four days police custody by a local court today.

The four told police that there was a Maoist training camp for indoctrination in the deep jungle area of Borail in the Valley. The border area of Cachar, near Sonachhera-Rupachhera of Barail foothills was the main base of the Maoists and police is on the lookout for three boys of Rupachhera who have returned after receiving arms training at Maoist camps in Chhattisgarh, the ASP said. Suman was in charge of the ‘tax collection gate’ in the training camp and was collecting money for Maoist organisational work in different parts of the Valley for a long time, he said.

Many central and state level Maoist leaders had visited the camp many times and took part in the training exercises, they said. Among them was also an artist from the Brahmaputra Valley who distributed many of his paintings to the villagers so that he could brainwash them in favour of the Maoist movement, the official said, adding a search was on for him and other Maoist leaders.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/maoist-activities-in-assam-s-barak-valley-115031300949_1.html

State to wage psychological warfare against Maoists

Jharkhand will raise a dedicated police team for waging psychological warfare against Maoists, a top official said, indicating a proactive policy shift in the Raghubar Das government’s tactics against left-wing rebels. Besides, the state will also set up special investigation teams (SITs) — both at state and district/range levels — for dealing with important extremism-related cases, according to an order issued by the state director general of police DK Pandey. HT is in possession of a copy of the order issued on March 10. Immediately after taking charge as the chief minister, Raghubar Das had announced his decision to go hard at the Maoist outfits, which are active in 21 of the state’s 24 districts.

The state has around 18 Maoist groups, many of which are rag-tag bands of criminals engaged in abduction and extortion. Several of them are also said to enjoy political patronage. “We’re working to make the central SIT operational by the first week of April. This will be the prototype that we will share with SITs at district and range levels. The objective is to ensure effective and fast investigation, prosecution, attachment of properties of extremists and secure their conviction,” said Anil Palta, additional director general of police (operations), on Friday.

According to Patla, the psychological operation unit will counter extremist propaganda, ideology and instill confidence among the common people. The government will also set up specialised wing under Jharkhand Jaguar Special Task Force for intelligence collection and creation of extremist database. Under the new system, the JJSTF and new SITs besides the psychological operation and intelligence wings will work under the additional director general of police (operations). According to home ministry data, Jharkhand has seen 103 casualties in 384 Maoist-related incidents in 2014.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/ranchi/state-to-wage-psyhological-warfare-against-maoists/article1-1326257.aspx

West-Bengal

Maoists regrouping in Bengal’s Junglemahal

Nearly four years after Maoist leader Kishenji was gunned down in an encounter in West Bengal’s Junglemahal area, Maoists have started trickling back into the forest-covered terrain of the state. According to inputs by both Central and state agencies, a number of top Maoist leaders from Bengal and Jharkhand have been spotted making their way into villages. They went missing after Kishenji — member of the CPI (Maoist) Politburo and Central Military Commission — was killed in an encounter with the security forces on November 24, 2011.

His death severely affected the rebels’ backbone in the region. Since November 2011 peace had returned to Junglemahal — the region stretches across three districts of Bankura, Purulia and West Midnapore in West Bengal — as other leaders were forced to go into hiding. Security agencies have received inputs form ground-level sources that in the last few days, regional commanders and leaders such as Bikash, Shyamal and Ranjit Pal have been spotted in the area.

They have also been in touch with some known associates in villages along the Bengal-Jharkhand border. Sources pointed out that the state police, with assistance from other agencies, have collated a report and sent it to the headquarters of the concerned agencies. The report details the movement of these rebel leaders in villages of Purulia and West Midnapore. Since these villages are close to the Bengal-Jharkhand border, they have been able to move unnoticed for sometime. Sources further said that a group of rebels, under the leadership of Madan Mahato, commander of the Belpahari region in Purulia, was spotted in the Ranibandh area of Bankura three weeks back.

“Security agencies believe Mahato to be unwell. There is a high chance that he is hiding somewhere in the dense forest along the Bengal-Jharkhand border. Bikash and others must have contacted him to get a ground report,” a senior officer said. “We’re keeping an eye on such people who surrendered after Kishenji’s death. These people are a dedicated lot and it’s not unknown for them to return to the squad life after few years,” a police officer pointed out.

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/465239/maoists-regrouping-bengals-junglemahal.html

SWOT matrix to help CRPF draw war plan

RANCHI: The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) will conduct SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunities and threats) analysis of anti-Maoist operations in Jharkhand that will help them devise a foolproof strategy against the rebels’ guerrilla tactics. The CRPF’s elite CoBRA battalions’ officers from Jharkhand, West Bengal and Bihar will participate in the evaluation process at the CRPF establishment in Ranchi today.

“It is important to know the strength and weaknesses of your enemy during war. The battle against Maoists is a strategic one. The analysis will help us know them better. We can identify their weakness and strength through the deliberations,” said CRPF IG Rakesh Kumar Mishra, who heads the central paramilitary force in the state. Key officers from CoBRA’s 209 battalion (Khunti), 203 battalion (Barhi, Hazaribag), 205 battalion (Barachatti, Gaya), and 207 battalion (Salboni, Medinipur) will participate in the SWOT analysis which will continue throughout the day. It would be a confidential programme closed to the media. CoBRA jawans from Gaya are often deployed for anti-Maoist operations on Jharkhand-Bihar border and those from Midnapore are often deployed in Jharkhand-West Bengal border areas.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Ranchi/SWOT-matrix-to-help-CRPF-draw-war-plan/articleshow/46575328.cms

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Maoists burn four vehicles at Odisha construction site

Maoists wreaked havoc late last night burning down four vehicles at the camp of a private construction company at Timaligaon under Nuapada district of Odisha. The Maoists set fire to a JCB, two Haiwas and a tractor at the camp of the contractor entrusted with the Lower Indra Irrigation Project. Banners and posters of Nuapada division of Maoist Organisation have been found from the scene. “They have burnt down four vehicles, including one JCB, two Haiwas and one tractor. There were three men in the group,” confirmed Duryodhan Bag, an eyewitness.

http://odishasuntimes.com/118180/maoists-burn-four-vehicles-at-odisha-construction-site/

Former Red cadre killed in Palamu

Daltonganj: A group of unidentified miscreants killed a former Maoist cadre at Chainpur in Palamu late on Saturday night, police told the media yesterday. Palamu SP Patel Mayur Kanhaiyya Lal said police are still looking for 34-year-old Giriwar Chowdhury’s killers. However, police did not get any leaflet near Chowdhury’s body and could not confirm any rebel outfit’s hand in the killing. Chowdhury was a CPI(Maoist) activist but later he had joined its splinter groups Tritiya Prastuti Committee and Jharkhand Prastui Committee. Police said bullet wound on Chowdhury’s head showed that he was shot from a close range.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Former-Red-cadre-killed-in-Palamu/articleshow/46581187.cms

Landmine planted by Maoists defused

Security personnel had a narrow escape as a powerful landmine planted by Maoists in a forest road in Odisha’s Kandhamal district was detected and defused by them today, police said. The landmine weighing about 7 kg and kept in an aluminium container had been planted beneath the road inside the forest in Gochhapada area, about 40 km from here, Deputy Superintendent of Police (Phulbani) Arjun Barik said. The landmine was detected when CRPF personnel and district policemen were carrying out a combing operation in the Maoist-hit forest area, he said.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/landmine-planted-by-maoists-defused-115031301107_1.html

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Azad encounter case: orders on March 24

Adilabad Judicial First Class Magistrate B. Mary Sara Danamma on Friday posted the Azad case protest petition for orders to March 24. The petition was filed by K. Padma and Babita Pandey, wives of slain Maoist Cherukuri Rajkumar alias Azad and journalist Hemchandra Pandey respectively seeking filing of murder case on the policemen who participated in the 2010 July 2 encounter which, they alleged was a fake one. The petitioners appeared personally in the JFCM court and filed written arguments for taking cognizance of their plea. Talking to newsmen after emerging from the court, they hoped that they will get justice in the court.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/azad-case-orders-on-march-24/article6990335.ece

Last letter of Ivana Hoffmann dedicated to her comrades, before she went to Rojava

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Comrades, Party.

I can’t distinguish the most beautiful colors anymore, I dont feel the wind of the city on my skin anymore, the singing of the birds sounds more like a call for freedom. I have made a descision, days and nights I lived with these thoughts in my head and today is the day to make this step with all my will, which is strong just as the flow of the river Dîcle-Firat. I want to be a part of the Revolution in Rojava, I want to evolve, In this six months I want to get to know the fight, which unites all the opressed people and of course the Rojava Revolution, which I will defend with my life. I know what I am going for and how important this fight is. I know that there will be difficulties, I will notice, what capitalistic features I have in me but I will fight these.

I will experience what it feels like to have a weapon in my hand and to fight for the Rojava Revolution, against Imperialism. I will experience life in a different way, more intensive and organized. Maybe I will get to my limits and fall back but I will never give up fighting spirit and I will go on. Nothing holds me here. I cant’t look passively at how my sisters, brothers, friends, mothers, fathers, comarades are fighting for independence of Capitalism. I will represent the Internationalism of the Party and be a part of the armed and organized movement. When I will come back, I will infect my comarades, my surroundings with the fighting spirit and the willpower, I will be like the beautiful songs and pull everyone in my spell. I will be a guerilla full of charity and hope.

Yasasin Partimiz

Yasain Devrim

Yasain Sosyalizm

Your comrade Ivana Hoffmann

Peoples War in India Clippings 12/3/2015

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Hardcore Maoist found dead

A hardcore Maoist was today found dead in a locality under Kothi police station area in Bihar’s Gaya district, a police officer said. Acting on information by local people, the police recovered the body of an ultra from Talaiya Bazar, Kothi police station in-charge Qayamuddin Ansari said. The body was identified as that of one Jaglal Ganju, a native of Chatra district of Jharkhand, who was said to be an area commander of the proscribed outfit – CPI(Maoist), Kothi police station in-charge Qayamuddin Ansari said.

The dead body bore marks of injuries from bullet indicating that he was shot dead, he said, adding a pamphlet was found from the spot bearing the name of another naxal outfit – Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) in which it was claimed that Ganju’s murder was a revenge for killing of a TPC cadre Kuldeep Yadav recently, he said.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/hardcore-maoist-found-dead-115031200359_1.html

‘Maoist violence has declined in the country’

Maoist violence has declined in the country from 1,000 killings during 2008, 2009 and 2010 to about 300-odd now, K. Vijay Kumar, special security adviser, Union Ministry of Home Affairs said. “This is a sign that two-third violence has come down. But that does not mean that they (Maoists) are incapable of causing hiccups and giving surprises,” he said. He was here for a programme at the VIT University on Wednesday. Speaking to The Hindu , he said there were two to three Maoist-affected States that were being concentrated upon. “Chattisgarh and Jharkhand contribute about 30 per cent each that is two-third in the country. The governments are trying to tighten efforts here,” he pointed out.

“The Central government has a good policy in dealing with Maoists. It has a two-pronged approach for bringing in development and rehabilitation and also for surrender of Maoists,” he mentioned Mr. Kumar said they were concentrating particularly on Chattisgarh and Jharkand. “Overall, State governments have done well in coordination with the Centre,” he noted.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/maoist-violence-has-declined-in-the-country/article6984418.ece

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In Jharkhand, a big extortion industry under the garb of Red rebels

Six months ago, a para-teacher in Simdega, a south-west district of Jharkhand, was kidnapped by a group of armed criminals called Pahadi Cheetah. His family got him back after paying Rs 5,000 to the gang. Just when his shock and numbness began wearing off, they came back again to demand Rs 5,000 from the teaching assistant who earns a monthly salary of Rs 6,000. And he paid, firmly controlling his urge for bravado. The assistant teacher had learnt the importance of discretion from his neighbour Mohammad Azhar, who had brushed aside the criminal gang’s demand for Rs 10,000 three times only to eventually pay with his life.

Slain Azhar’s brother Mohammad Akhtar said: “My brother ran a small hardware shop in Kudek village. Pahadi Cheetah members called him thrice demanding Rs 10,000. He innocently declined to abide by their diktat. One morning we saw him dead near our family brick kiln. I have hence shifted my brick business to a safer place in Lohardagga.” Jharkhand’s thriving extortion industry spares none. Almost every citizen living in the countryside who has a government job, runs a business no matter how big or small or is a contractor engaged in executing modest government projects has to pay a share of his earnings to these armed outfits operating under the garb of left-wing extremist crusaders. Ravi (name changed), a mobile shop owner, said a People’s Liberation Front of India leader once called him and demanded 10 cellphones. “I pleaded mercy as I had credited the phones from the wholesaler. Eventually they settled for Rs. 5000.”

Arms-and-ammunition

The People’s Liberation Front of India is a breakaway faction of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). Kidnappings and murders for ransom as little as Rs 2,000 to Rs 5,000 by the left-wing extremist (LWE) groups are common in Simdega. In the last five years, the police have registered 74 murders by these outfits, maximum being 23 in 2012. But locals say the number should be much higher because several killings go unreported as people do not lodge complaints out of fear. In the neighbouring Bolba village, PLFI and Pahadi Cheetah have killed around 12 people in the last 5 years, half of the victims being para-teachers, for refusing to pay levy. Pahadi Cheetah, which means cheetah of the hills, is one of the 17 splinter Left-wing extremist groups active in Jharkhand.

Many of the outfits that call themselves Maoists or Naxalites are no more than hired guns and thugs patronised by the police and political parties for sniping at the Communist Party of India-Maoists (CPI-M), the main rebel outfit in the state. Like the Maoists, these outfit members camp in jungles, dress up in battle fatigues and carry sophisticated arms and ammunition. The main difference is that these splinter groups carry no ideological baggage.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/in-wild-wild-east-a-thriving-extortion-industry/article1-1325359.aspx

Maoists kill two civilians including sarpanch in Chhattisgarh

A newly elected sarpanch (head of village level local self government) and a villager were hacked to death by suspected Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres in Sukma District on March 11, reports The Hindu. “Suchcham Hidma, sarpanch of Gollapalli, and Punem Pandu of Pollampalli were allegedly abducted by Maoists on March 7 along with six other villagers from different parts of the District. Hidma and Pandu were killed while the others were released after some warning,” Sukma District Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) Santosh Singh said.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=3/12/2015&id=4#4

Odisha Assembly Panel recommends plan to boost Police strength in State

With Odisha figuring low among the States in the Police-population ratio, the Assembly Standing Committee on Home Department has recommended a five-year plan to augment the strength of civil Police, reports The New Indian Express on March 12. Currently, the sanctioned civil Police strength ratio stands at 81.05 per 100,000 population against the national average of 145.02. Interestingly, if the vacancy is taken into account, then State deploys just 71 civil policemen for 100,000 population. The panel, in its report, observed that the disparity could be attributed to a low civil police strength which needs to be raised.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=3/12/2015&id=22#22

Police attack memorial for Ivana Hoffman in Izmir

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Eleven people were detained in the western Turkish city of İzmir on March 11 while commemorating Ivana Hoffman, the first female western fighter who died while fighting the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Syria. Demonstrators gathered in the Alsancak neighborhood to erect a tent in memory of Ivana Hoffman, a 19-year-old German citizen fighting with Syrian Kurdish militiamen who was killed in northeastern Syria on March 7. Police asked the group to disperse, saying the demonstration was unwarranted, before detaining 11 people and removing the tent and posters, Doğan News Agency reported.

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/11-detained-at-anti-isil-protest-in-western-turkey.aspx?pageID=238&nID=79502&NewsCatID=341

Peoples War in India Clippings 11/3/2015

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Three alleged Maoists arrested

Raipur, Mar 10 (PTI) Three suspected Maoists were arrested during a joint search operation by security forces in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district today. The alleged Maoist cadres were apprehended from dense Lingagiri forests close to Dharmapur village under Basaguda police station limits, Bijapur Superintendent of Police K L Dhruv said.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/5782474_Three-alleged-Maoists-arrested.html

‘Maoist’ Arrested

KANNUR: A suspect in the alleged Maoist attack on a KFC restaurant in Palakkad in December last year was picked up by Peravoor police on Tuesday. The arrested is Ashraf,a native of Pandikkad in Malappuram. He was nabbed from Odappuzha colony in Peravoor.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/Maoist-Arrested/2015/03/11/article2708057.ece

MLKP militant Ivana Hoffman killed in combat outside Tal Tamr

 

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“Ich kann die schönsten Farben nicht mehr auseinander halten, den Wind der Stadt spüre ich nicht mehr auf meiner Haut, das Singen der Vögel hört sich stärker nach dem Ruf der Freiheit an. Ich habe einen Entschluss gefasst, (…) Ich will ein Teil der Revolution in Rojava sein.(…) Ich kann nicht tatenlos zusehen während meine Schwestern, Brüder, Freunde, Mütter, Väter, Genossen um die Freiheit, um die Unabhängigkeit vom Kapitalismus kämpfen.”-Hoffman

“Our comrade Avashin had been at the front using her weapons to resist the bloody onslaught of the IS gang against the Assyrian villages in Tel Tamr for days….During these clashes, dozens of gang members were killed. Our comrade Avashin fought to the last bullet together with the fighters of the YPG.“-MLKP statement

 

THIRTEENTH COMMUNIQUE OF THE 1ST CENTRAL COMMITTEE (DECEMBER 1974)

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1. REGARDING HARTAL [SHUT DOWN]

Today, the existence of Bengali nation and people of East Bengal is on the verge of collapse. Occupying of Dhaka by the Indian Force on the black day of 16 December and establishing of Awami puppet government is responsible for that. Overthrow of Awami traitors and their master the Indian Expansionism; end famine-hunger; provide food, clothes, education, medical treatment, jobs and houses; establish peace, independence and democracy. The half day called Hartal on 15 and 16 December by Siraj Sikder, National Liberation Front, Proletarian Party and Armed Patriotic Force of East Bengal was very much timely and significant historically. In order to implement the call of Hartal, all the cadres, guerrillas, sympathizers and supporters of the whole country took part in various activities with huge enthusiasm by neglecting danger.

To implement the Hartal, all-out attack and coordinated assault was carried in the whole East Bengal and enemy was seriously knocked down. In many places, communication system of enemy was disrupted; enemy institutions were attacked and they were disturbed everywhere. Hartal was observed in many districts sub divisions, Thana, Towns and Hat-Bazars, about all the transport system of East Bengal was closed. Huge cadres, guerrillas, sympathizers and people were very much pleased and encouraged by the Hartal activities and success of it; they have burst out in revolutionary spirit. Hartal made domestic and international reaction. The Awami traitors, their tails and masters have been seriously terrorized and isolated. They are seeing horror of own burial. The enemy’s boasting that we shall be made smashed by a few days and “All including Siraj Sikder is in our grip” has been proven false.

The ongoing effort of enemy to arrest, suppress and kill our cadres to break their morale has been proven failed. Especially in Dhaka where there is gravest pressure by the enemy, the huge activities carried in Dhaka regarding Hartal proved that our cadres are very much active, enthusiastic and workable. The 15 and 16 December Hartal is ours a great victory.

* The success of the Hartal is proving to the people: It is only the leadership of the Proletarian Party which can overthrow the Awami traitors and their masters and bring liberation for people.

* Hartal proved that the policy of combining armed and mass struggle is a historically significant decision of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal. Mass struggle is very much suitable in unifying people under party’s leadership and creating public opinion in favor of revolution and party (which is first need for revolution). This line of mass struggle is very much compatible to the concrete condition of East Bengal (small country, dense inhabitation, same language-culture, equal development etc).

* We have had a very few causality in this Hartal. It shows that if we can follow proper security measure, we can avoid losses in face of huge pressure.

* This experience of Hartal shows—lower levels are usually underestimated. The initiatives of lower levels are hindered when one person does everything and excessive control is imposed etc. The initiative of lower level must be welcomed their initiative have to be utilized. They have to do independently on the basis of guideline. We must courageously utilize them. Thus, we can utilize huge cadres, verify them and avoid scarcity of cadres and work.

* Despite being underground, our success in carrying mass struggle proved that the existence of Jasad (National Socialist Party — Sarbaharapath), Vasani NAP, Jafar-Menon-Halim is unnecessary.

* The success of this Hartal will inspire the cadres, sympathizers, supporters of Huq-Toha, Motin and other leftists to unite with us.

* The experience of Hartal proves that for successful Hartal or such mass struggle in cities needs work in each and every neighborhood, industry, educational and government and private institution of the cities, armed struggle in the regions outside the cities and armed work adjacent to the district or in other districts. Huge propaganda and armed activities have to be carried in various methods (armed procession, poster, leaflet, wall writing and others) since several days before the Hartal. Even armed activities need to be carried in the day of Hartal too.

* We should not be arrogant with the huge success of Hartal. We must keep serious caution in the face of huge enemy pressure. We must save our cadres, guerrillas especially leading cadres. To keep continue the Hartal created mass support and tide, we have to organize broad masses and collect huge cadres, guerrillas, sympathizers and supporters. We have to quickly materialize general targets of organization.

2. POST HARTAL TARGETS

a) Quickly complete inter regional, inter sub regional and inter area appointment-transfer.

b) Those regions will give priority to this work which could not yet achieve the target of improvement, and they must quickly accomplish complete improvement. Establish education camp and improve cadres batch after batch. At that time, collect and verify cadre history and send those to higher level. Send the list of application for membership/applicant membership and those who want to apply.

c) When setbacks occur in areas or regions by enemy pressure, we have to withdraw cadres, guerrillas, arms, and important sympathizers to prevent loss of them. Mainly cadre loss is one of the setbacks. It is the cadres who keep party contact with lower levels, guerrillas, activists, sympathizers and supporters; they keep contact with people and thus materializing party line. This is why huge number of them are lost. So, we have to provide them good training abot secrecy, security, caution and work method so that losses will be fewer. Moreover, we should build such cadre-area organizer-guerrilla organizer huge in number. Therefore, provide special improvement, training to build such type of cadres only and build reserve in each region and send to moderate and backward region.

This type of recruitment in party and army is like the ‘officer’ recruitment in Army. An army requires good officer for better governance. Presently, we have huge cadres, guerrillas, sympathizers and supporters. To provide leadership and governance to them and their training, selection and appointing, we need huge cadre recruitment, that is, in officer rank. For that we have to ask for application (regardless of whole timer and non-whole timer) for direct area organizer, sub-area organizer and guerrilla organizer with cadre history. By verifying cadre history, approve applicants’ application and give them training and improvement.

Subjects of Training

Work of an area-in-charge, sub area-in-charge and guerrilla-in-charge; political, organizational, military and ideological subjects, carry improvement on the basis of Text Book and organizational published military, organizational, anti-clique documents, communiques, other documents and Marxist books. Cadres have to be utilized on the basis of improvement and training. Thus, we have to alleviate scarcity of cadres.

d) Our regions can be divided into three: advance, moderate and backward. The backward’s task is to achieve the status of moderate or advance ones. The moderate’s task is to reach the advance level or surpass it. The advance one’s task is to advance further.

The task of advance:

Clear the gaps inside a region, area or between other regions, develop rural based work, liberate huge number of villages from national enemies, form village governing committees, collect rural based subscription, make tyrants and national enemy surrender, maintain economic self-reliance and give more help to higher levels and solve the problems of rivals and factionalists, smash saboteurs and infiltrators, protect and take care of weaponry, make each and every sub region, area, sub area self-reliant to annihilate national enemy, start education camp, develop reserve of area-in-charge, sub-area-in charge and guerrilla-in-charge and send them to backward and moderate regions; complete improvement and training, build regional and local regular force; carry mass struggle, strengthen armed and unarmed propaganda team and other propaganda activities, form regional leading group.

Moderate region’s task

Annihilate national enemies, make huge propaganda via armed propaganda team and other methods, make surrender of evils and national enemies, collect rural based subscriptions, regularize subscription of cadres and sympathizers, achieve economic self-reliance, carry improvement via educational camp, quickly raise work to comparatively developed stage by concentration on more than one special areas, fill the gaps, bring success to work, avoid setbacks, achieve status of developed region or surpass it.

In backward region, establish and restore all the connections, improve active cadres, thus increase number of wholetimers, bring cadres from other region and appoint here; make propaganda through huge postering, leafleting and wall writing, develop shelter, build a special area, carry armed propaganda, take step of national enemy annihilation, thus gradually build special areas and develop work, achieve economic self-reliance, avoid setbacks and try to achieve standard of a moderate region.

e) By concentrating on one or more than one areas in a region, rapidly work has to be developed there. Those areas can be concentrated as special area where there is good work, shelter, cadres and arms can be gathered and area is broad. Gather cadres and guerrillas in special areas, give huge line to surrounding areas of special areas on the basis of investigation; carry armed propaganda, national enemy annihilation and make surrender of the national enemies and evils etc activities. Thus, develop work.

This development should be by keeping ahead the target of fulfilling the gap of work. We should work by considering attack area and rear area so that security is maintained. Gather cadres from other areas and sub regions to provide them real training via work on this special area. Carry improvement along with real training. Thus, by making special area, bring success of work and develop.

f) In each region, make regional leadership group with three or five or more or non-pair numbers by regional-in-charge secretary. It is applicable to there where condition exists and tested cadres also exist. Develop sub-region based, area based and if possible sub-area based leadership group. Make that leadership group in meeting of leading cadres via democratic method; submit that for the consideration of high level. After making the leadership group, each level will accept the decision of leadership group via democratic method. Decision given by secretary outside the leadership group meeting can be made approved in the meeting of leadership group. Those decisions must be reported to higher level.

g) Work in an area advances through the following cycle: initiation, development, enemy pressure, setback, restoration of work, development, again enemy pressure, setback, restoration of work, development. So, enemy pressure and setback in natural in revolution; restoration of work and development is also natural. Only thus, we can finally defeat and smash the enemy. Apart from that, we see development in a region while setback in another region; development in a particular area of region while setback in another area. In this way work develops. Our thought and action should have to be guided by the law of uneven development of revolution in countries like ours, that is, the zig zag, up and down and setback-development of revolution.

3 ON ENEMY’S WINTER STRATEGIC OFFENSE

The enemy has started winter strategic offensive. Already enemy, according to its traditional style, started combing and white terror. They have killed our cadres and sympathizers ruthlessly in Munshiganj throwing bodies in street. They are torturing hundreds of people by arresting them. They are carrying or trying to carry same activity in other regions. We have to take strategic defense line in face of winter offense of enemy.

* We must protect arms, cadres and guerrillas.

* We have to isolate internal saboteurs, infiltrator enemy agents, opportunists and vacillators. Take necessary steps regarding that.

* Accomplish huge improvement and training.

* Widen work and fill the gaps.

* Advance work rapidly by determining special area, attack area and backward area.

* Strengthen huge propaganda

* Strengthen huge mass struggle

* Ambush smaller units of enemy. Seize isolated Police Stations and outposts. We have to attack scatter enemy’s eye

* Recover firearms from people

* Attack in cities, communication ways, and important institutions of enemy, financial and administrative institutions. Confine enemy in those places.

* Scatter enemy pressure to moderate and backyard regions. Thus, divide enemy strength

* Defeat enemy’s winter offense. Take care so that our losses are minimized. We must work to achieve our targets.

4

The presence of correct political party of proletarian class creates conflict, split, and reorganization and again split among the revisionist, neo revisionist and opportunists and finally bring their collapse. Recently, split started among the Moni-Mozaffar revisionists, Motin-Alauddin and Company have split into more than one parts. Internal contradiction is going among Huq-Toha and Company too.

Contradiction inside Awami League and also with its wings has intensified. Kaji Jafar-Menon have been expelled from NAP for their evil activities. Huq-Toha, Motin who called names of each other as revisionist reactionary and expelled, now are trying to unite to save themselves. Kaji-Menon-Mojaffar and NAP’s Halim has made Jyoti Bose style party. Thus, the presence of Proletarian Party is accelerating the course of various split-reorganization-split-collapses.

5

The Awami traiors are making all out pressure on us. They think us sole rival. They think they will be able to carry exploitation and plunder freely for many years if they are able to supress us. The open political party Jasad is Indo-US lakey and under secret collusion with Awami League and a trap for revolutionaries to misguide, inactivate and eliminate them. So, Awami League is safe from Jasad. There is no possibility of overthrow of Awami League by Vasani Nap-Ataur Rahman.

By following Jyoti Bose-Nambudripad of India, Kaji Jafar-Menon-Captain Halim is continuously keeping line with Awami league. So, Awami League has no fear from their side. By incessantly following wrong lines, the revisionist leadership of Huq-Toha, Motin and Co, is affected by internal contradiction. They are repeatedly facing split and people have no confidence over them. Awami League has no fear from their side. So, we are the only genuine rival of the Awami League. This is why Awami League concentrated all of its pressure on us. Therefore, we must increase caution; sustain and develop even in face of enemy pressure and lead the upcoming storm. Such cadres who are incautious, unable to avoid enemy, suitable for old condition and stubbornly follow old work method must be removed from important dangerous places or kept as inactive.

6

The factional existence of Huq-Toha-Motin and Company is incompatible with the revolutionary requirements of East Bengal. Their existence divides proletariat and people; their followed wrong line misguides and deceives sincere revolutionary cadres, guerrillas, sympathizers and masses and makes their sacrifice meaningless. Under the shade of those factions, the enemy agents, tyrants, decoits and opportunists torture people, spread hundreds of slander against the proletarian party and take hostile step against cadres.

All the domestic and foreign reactionaries including Awami traitors, Moni-Mozaffar, hilly narrow nationalists mention the existence of those factions and show that the disappointment of revolutionaries and their sustenance is logical. We must unite the sincere proletarian revolutionary’s affiliated with those factions. We have to unveil the decoits, evils, enemy agents and those active reactionaries who planfully spread malicious propaganda-slander against proletarian party in evil objective and we must create public opinion against them and take proper steps. We have to struggle against those who are unwilling to unity with proletarian revolutionaries. We must isolate them; create public opinion and proper step against them.

7

Recently, Jasad, Kaji Jafar-Menon etc are saying about establishing all party government to save themselves from current crisis. Their that proposal will not do any good for people. It is a proposal that serves the interest of Indian Expansionism. The ruthless exploitation and plunder by the Indian Expansionism and its lackey the Awami traitors is the responsible for the current gravest crisis of people of East Bengal. So, the way out of the crisis of people is to overthrow the Awami traitors and its master Indian Expansionism and at the same time US imperialism and Soviet Social Imperialism and establish National Democratic Government by the workers-peasants and patriotic citizens led by proletariat of East Bengal.

That national democratic government will be democratic dictatorship—democracy for the people while dictatorship for the enemies. The concrete program of the way out of the crisis has been given in the program of the National Liberating Front of East Bengal and program thrown in the call of Hartal on 15 and 16 December. The implementation of the above mentioned program and saving people from the crisis will be possible by overthrowing the Awami traitors and their masters via armed struggle. So, the position of Jasad, Kaji Jafar and others of the proposal of all party government formation ( by including Moni, Mozaffar, Awami League etc direct Indian lackeys) is actually to keep Indian exploitation and plunder, take share of exploitation-plunder and theft with Awami traitors and Moni-Mozaffar and Co.

APPENDIX I

ON THE SPLIT OF MONI-MOZAFFAR

The recent split among Moni Sign-Mozaffar controlled so called communist party, National Awami Party and Chatra Union (Students Union) is the result of the gravest bankruptcy of the revisionist politics. Moni-Mozaffar completely betrayed with Marxism-Leninism; took shameless lackey line to Awami League, Indian Expansionism and Soviet Social Imperialism on smaller-bigger domestic-international questions and took severest reactionary role against independence, revolution and liberation of the country, nation and people.

As a result of their such treacherous activities, huge cadres, sympathizers and supporters left them or became inactive. Rebellion of captain Halim and others is such an incident. The statement and activities of captain Halim and finally his joining with Kaji Jafar-Menon clique proves that they have not rebelled politically on the basis of ideology; and still they are following Moni-Mozaffar’s treacherous politics and ideology in another form. Their split is not ideological-political but organizational, that is, joining to different organization by being separated. Captain Halim, like Moni-Mozaffar wants overthrow of government by peaceful means. The bourgeoisie can never by overthrow via parliamentary election by peaceful means; rather people are trapped in blind path of parliamentary election by the saying of parliamentary election. It is suitable for the bourgeoisie, so they approve it. Thus, by making the chorus with Kaji clique, by saying of seizure of power via peaceful means, he proved that still he follows the revisionist line. He mentions that he opposes Awami League. But Kaji clique is related to Awami League openly (recently Kaji clique formed Trade Union with Sheikh Moni) and secretly (to deceive leftists and people).

As the CPM has open and secret relation with Indian Congress, so do Kaji-Menon and Company have relation with Awami League. So, how can he be an anti Awami by joining with them? He mentions that he is supporter of China while Kaji clique is die hard anti-China and openly has condemned and opposed China. Actually Kaji clique is a reactionary company to sustain Awami League and the aim of which is to deceive leftists and people. The Indian congress similarly has sustained CPM of Jyoti Bose and Nambudripad. From the above mentioned analysis, we see, by joining with Kaji clique, captain Halim proves that he has followed revisionist politics in different form.

Apparently though it seems anti-Indian, anti-Soviet and anti Awami, in final analysis it serves the interest of Awami League, India and Soviet. In near future, their balloon of conspiracy will burst out and the genuine cadres and people will throw them to the dustbin of history as rotten filth. Halim and Company’s organizational unity with Kaji clique on the basis of opportunism and revisionism will break down in near future. They will splinter apart in internal contradictions. This split of Moni-Mozaffar and rebellion of cadres have ringed their death bell. In near future, except a few lackeys, none will remain with them.

APPENDIX II

UNITY ACTIVITIES OF THE OPEN ORGANIZATIONS

Today, the existence of Bengali nation and people of East Bengal is on the verge of collapse. People want immediate overthrow of Awami traitors and they want rice, clothes, jobs, houses, education, peace, independence and democracy. They want to live as human being. In such a gravest crisis situation of people, those who have a single bit conscience and patriotism, will want unity of all patriots working open or secretly, waging peaceful or armed struggle and regardless of groups and views.

The minimum basis of this unity of patriots is to overthrow Awami traitors and its masters and huge program including basic points like providing rice, clothes, jobs, houses for people and establishing independence, democracy and peace. Moreover, unity will be among patriotic forces who sincerely want to work for establishing the above mentioned programs. National Liberation Front of East Bengal, Proletarian Party and Armed Patriotic Force, on the basis of the above mentioned line, has repeatedly been calling for the unity of the patriotic forces, are working for that and they welcome all the efforts on the above mention basis. But recently we see, without any concrete and huge program of establishing national liberation and democracy and rice, clothes, jobs, houses, medical treatment etc., the so called effort of united movement and carrying activities like forming new parties new parties by liquidating old ones.

These types of activities are not making distinction between patriots and renegade, open or secret enemy agent; between revolutionary and opportunist. Even conspiracy is going on to keep far aside such forces who are waging armed national liberation war. Their effort seems to deceive people by making a hasty unity, capture power via mere artificial unity and distribute looted materials among them. Initiators of those unity are far from reality of East Bengal. They do not realize the fact it is not the situation like pre 1969 when huge change could be made by making statement of eight leaders or nine leaders or huge student movement. At present, people have no confidence on the so called leaders and there is no student organization to organize students.

In 1971, there was organization—Awami League, Chatra League (Students League), Sramik League (Workers League)—to build mass movement. Now none have that type of organization. Moreover, the Awami fascists are always trying to suppress people by their fascist force. On the other side, in massive rural areas and cities, the Proletarian Party has developed as one of the organized force. Therefore, it will not be possible to build any mass movement without the Proletarian Party. Many of the forces that are making unity effort are openly or secretly connected with Awami League or Indian Expansionism. So, the unity they forge will be to deceive people and patriots and sustain the Awami traitors and their masters. Moreover, such force also is making unity effort that wants to carry the US to power by toppling India.

So, not unity of genuine patriots but various forces to confuse people are making so called unity effort in connection with domestic-international exploiters. The Jasad, by saying about unity, is following the path of going alone to disrupt unity. It has done the same in the past. Thus, it has put forward itself as the protector of interest of the anti-unity reactionaries. The so called unity of those open-secret enemy agents and various opportunist camps will make no good to people. Moreover, such unity will give rise to wider split. In course of armed and mass struggle, the actual character of these open or secret enemy agent and opportunist camps will be exposed to people; genuine patriots and people will reject them and thus genuine unity of genuine patriotic forces will develop via strong stormy wave of armed mass struggle. In this way only, in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, China etc countries, unity of patriots was developed. The national Liberation Front of East Bengal, Proletarian Party and Armed Patriotic Force are trying to build such unity.

APPENDIX III

ON THE RECENT POLITICAL OF SITUATION OF SOUTH ASIA

South Asia is comprised of Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Sikkim, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Burma. Because of her natural resources, population, and geographic terrain, she got importance in international politics. The two superpower—the US imperialism and Soviet Social imperialism are competing to dominate in South Asia and at the same time, they are cooperating each other to keep continue exploitation-plunder and resist the seizure of revolutionary power by people in these countries. Since the beginning, the two big powers are trying to rely on India to control South Asia. The Indian Expansionists, by sitting on the shoulder of the two super power, have been trying to make own area of influence, control and dominate South Asian countries and exploit-plunder them.

The Indian Expansionism took the opportunity of struggle of achieving national right of self-determination of people of East Bengal and divided Pakistan with the help of Soviet and established own colony in East Bengal. The Indian Expansionists, in order to establish itself as a big power and make nuclear blackmail to South Asian countries, made nuclear explosion. She madly invaded Sikkim and is trying to bring countries of South Asia under its control by making pressure or hoax. The Soviet aim of assisting India in dividing Pakistan was to establish Soviet domination in South Asia and Indian Ocean. But Soviet’s establishing domination in South Asia and increasing influence has been hindered by Indian desire for establish herself as big power.

Moreover, Soviet Social Imperialism does not have financial ability to save India from her gravest economic crisis. US imperialism came to take the opportunity of the situation. US, by recognizing India as big power and recognizing her area of influence, has tried to bring her under her (US) control. US tried to bring India under its influence by providing US food and financial assistance from capitalist and Middle Eastern countries and India has no other way but accept that. Another aim of the effort of the US is to use India as Policeman of South Asia [huge country, huge population and resource] and beat Asian by Asian. So, as a result, direct presence of US troops will not be needed to resist revolution in South Asia. This is the reason why the US foreign minister Kissinger visited India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Our organization mentioned before also that the US is trying to bring both India and Bangladesh under its influence, and if that is not possible, at least bring Bangladesh under its influence.

The current US policy is strengthening the possibility of bringing both India-Bangladeshes under US influence. This is why India and Bangladesh took pro US elements in various posts in ministry and eliminated some who are known as Pro Russian. The US has established military base in Diego Garcia to keep US influence in South Asia and West Asia and to contend with Soviet war fleet. If India has to sustain her existence with the help of US, Europe and Western Asia, she must have to compromise on Kashmir question, East Bengal question and with Pakistan on Pakistan’s internal question. Or if US imperialism accept Indian domination on those question (for their greater interest), Pakistan will be bound to establish new relation with Soviet and broadly stronger relation with China.

In the meantime, Bhutto’s Moscow visit, withdrawal of Soviet unconditional support to India on Kashmir question etc is the sign of Soviet’s effort of finding out new policy and ally. Despite the ongoing competition among the big powers over controlling South Asia, Indian Expansionism still remains unchanged as our main enemy. Moreover, Soviet-US combined effort to resist struggle of revolutionary seizure of power by the people of East Bengal has happened in the past, is happening at present and there is possibility to happen in future also. Whatever evil effort the two super power the Soviet Social Imperialism and the US imperialism and the Sub super power the Indian Expansionism make to exploit, plunder and control South Asia,, the country, nation and people of South Asia will defeat that via revolution.

APPENDIX IV

ON INTERNATIONAL SITUATION

Present world can be divided into three. The two super power the US imperialism and Soviet Social Imperialism is the First World while Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand etc developed capitalist countries are the Second World. The countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America are the Third World. China, Africa and Latin America are third world. China, Vietnam, Korea etc developing socialist countries are included in third world. As a result of restoration of capitalism in Soviet Union and because Eastern Europe and Mongolia is under Soviet Control, the socialist camp does not exist there. China, Albania, Vietnam, Korea, Rumania etc socialist countries exist.

These three worlds are correlated and contradictory to each other. The US imperialism and the Soviet Social Imperialism are contending on the one hand to distribute the world among themselves, while on the other, they are colluding. Contention is their principal aspect. Their field of exploitation is the second and third world. Western Europe and Japan are on the verge of fierce contention with the two super power US and Soviet. US imperialism, Soviet Social Imperialism and the capitalist world have fallen in serious economic and political crisis. They want to impose the crisis over the head of each other, own people’s head and on the third world’s head. Consequently, they are facing further huge resistance everywhere.

The backward countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America included in third world are strengthening united struggle against the imperialism and social imperialism. The victory of the struggle of people of Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos against US imperialism, anti-Zionist Struggle of Palestinian and Arab people, the struggle of Arab people to use oil as political weapon, the victory of struggle of the people of Angola-Mozambique-Gini Bisao, the struggle of people of Latin American people to spread coast to 200 Nautical mile and the united struggle of the third world countries prove that the third world is playing glorious role in united struggle against world imperialism and social imperialism.

Genuine revolutionaries of various countries in the world are coming out from different forms of revisionists and are building genuine proletarian political parties. Chairman Mao correctly said, huge chaos exist in present world. It is not bad but good. That chaos will give rise to revolution. Discipline is working as precondition. Because of rivalry between the two super powers and their conspiracy to control the world, there is danger of World War. Especially, social imperialism can possibly suddenly attack on China. She stubbornly stationed huge troops in the Chinese border. So, world proletariat and people must be vigilant against the conspiracy of making war by the imperialism and social imperialism. Either revolutionary struggle of third world will resist world war or world war will accelerate revolution. But revolution is the main trend of the present world. Countries of world want freedom, nations want liberation and people want revolution.

Peoples War in India Clippings 10/3/2015

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Maoists kill TPC area commander in Palamu

The area commander of the Tirtiyay Prastuti Committee (TPC) was killed by CPI Maoists in Palamu on Sunday night. The body of Kuldip Yadav was found near Dobatiya More on NH 98 under Harihurganj Police Station. DSP Chhaterpur Sameer Tirkey confirmed the killing of the TPC area commander by the Maoists. Tirkey said Kuldip was kidnapped by the Maoists from Koolhaiya Village on March 7. He had gone to his maternal uncle’s village. Later his body was thrown near National Highway 98, the DSP added.

The DSP confirmed the recovery of hand written letter by the Maoists at the spot. The Maoists have left behind a hand written letter. In the letter Maoists claimed the responsibility for gunning down the commander, saying he was shot dead to avenge the killing of 11 Naxalite cadres at Lakarbandha a few years ago. The eleven cadres namely Jaiker, Praful, Prayas, Jitender, Albert, Danish, Tapos, Niraj, Ramesh, Hansraj and Baleshwar. The Maoists believed Kuldip was one among the killers of their 11 cadres, said sources. The letter also warned the PLFI and JJMP from cheating the innocent people. The deceased hailed from Simra Village under Aurangabad District in Bihar. Sources said the police have recovered two iron made instruments. A BDS (bomb disposal squad) team has been rushed to the site, said sources. Harihurganj Police is on alert to avert any untoward situation.

http://www.nyoooz.com/ranchi/66573/maoists-kill-tpc-area-commander-in-palamu

Chhattisgarh’s Naxal-hit areas defy polygamy trend

RAIPUR: While Chhattisgarh follows the national trend of having more married women than men, indicating prevalence of polygamy in a state that boasts of having strict laws to prevent the same, the Naxal affected areas however defy this by having more married men than women.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/Chhattisgarhs-Naxal-hit-areas-defy-polygamy-trend/articleshow/46513669.cms

Maoists set ablaze construction vehicles in Chhattisgarh

The Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres set ablaze two vehicles of a construction company deployed for construction of a road near Punnoor village in Bijapur District on March 8, reports The Pioneer. A road-roller and a Hyva tipper were set on fire by insurgents during the evening hours while the labourers were engaged in construction of road located on Awapalli -Basaguda road. According to Superintendent of Police (SP) K L Dhruv, a group of insurgents walked to the construction site when the Road Opening Party (ROP) had returned to the camp after patrolling. The insurgents poured fuel on the two vehicles deployed for road construction work and torched them, he said.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=3/10/2015&id=7#7

Memorias desde Némesis on the mass work of the PCP among women

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SOBRE EL MOVIMIENTO FEMENINO POPULAR.

También las circunstancias del Comité Regional de Ayacucho en 1968, y dentro de éstas la lucha de la Facción Roja por recuperar la dirección del Comité, de un lado; y de otro, el aumento del número de universitarias, con el correspondiente incremento de feristas, sumada a la acción e influencia ascendente de las camaradas, en especial la camarada Norah, posibilitó la formación de la Fracción Femenina del FER (Frente Estudiantil Revolucionario). De inmediato se pasó a darle base ideológico-política a su construcción, organizándose una escuela de cuadros para la Fracción Femenina cuyo contenido comprendía:

1) marxismo-leninismo-pensamiento maotsetung y pensamiento de Mariátegui;

2) revolución peruana y situación política;

3) movimiento femenino y Fracción Femenina del FER (FFF);

4) la organización de la FFF y sus tareas.

De estas cuatro cuestiones, la tercera fue la central, pues aparte de tratar por vez primera la tesis marxista de la emancipación de la mujer, el problema era la situación de las mujeres en el país, específicamente de las ayacuchanas y feristas. El nudo se desató preguntando a quien sabe, como enseñó el Presidente Mao: un pequeño y simple cuestionario, investigación por grupos y debate para encontrar soluciones; labor cumplida por los propios feristas con diversos grupos de mujeres, de amas de casa a estudiantes, pasando por trabajadoras, campesinas y profesionales, centrando en las masas pobres y barriales, resolvió la situación. Armada, así, ideológica y políticamente, la FFF cumplió destacado papel en la lucha por la recuperación de la dirección en el Comité Regional; y bien pronto, la mitad que sostiene el cielo bregaba con denuedo y tesón en todos los frentes de trabajo. Baste recordar, rindiendo justo homenaje, su combatividad indesmayable y tenaz en las inolvidables jornadas de junio del 69 en Ayacucho.

Sin embargo, debió abrirse paso en abierta lucha con quienes se oponían no solo a la existencia de la FFF, sino consideraban un peligro de división, de ruptura de la acción unitaria, el que se desarrollara en la perspectiva de constituirse en movimiento femenino con objetivos propios y específicos, pues evidentemente en ese rumbo se orientaba. Parte importante de la construcción de la Fracción Femenina del FER fue la Declaración de principios y programa, bajo el principio guía de la emancipación de la mujer. La ideología del proletariado establece que la lucha de las mujeres es parte de la lucha de la clase por su emancipación; por ello los clásicos, particularmente Lenin, especificaron que “la lucha por la emancipación de la mujer es parte de la emancipación del proletariado”. En síntesis, un movimiento femenino como parte de la revolución, desde la posición del marxismo-leninismo-maoísmo que se desarrolla siguiendo el principio-guía de “emancipación de la mujer”; mientras los movimientos femeninos burgueses llevan adelante la consigna de “liberación femenina”.

Desde sus inicios, pues, el que con el correr del tiempo devendría Movimiento Femenino Popular, desde sus antecedentes como Fracción Femenina del FER, surgió y se desenvolvió bajo las banderas del proletariado enarbolando la divisa proletaria de la emancipación de la mujer. La Declaración de principios y programa de la FFF los difundieron en su vocero “Rimariyña Warmi”, traspasando bien pronto los linderos regionales y rebasando el restringido ámbito universitario. Había comenzado la historia combatiente y pugnaz de uno de los organismo generados más importantes del Partido, rojo crisol de tantas combatientes y ejemplares camaradas. Mas el Movimiento Femenino Popular, como tal y con este nombre, se conformó a inicios de la década del setenta en Ayacucho y con la dirección de la Facción Roja del Partido.

MOVIMIENTO FEMENINO POPULAR (MFP).

Este organismo generado surgido en Ayacucho, primero como Fracción Femenina del FER y luego como Movimiento Femenino Popular, sentó las bases iniciales para el gran desarrollo alcanzado en todo el ámbito nacional, una de cuyas cumbres de actividad fue el año 1975, Año Internacional de la Mujer. En Lima se formó el Centro Femenino Popular; pero, bajo la influencia del liquidacionismo de “izquierda” se guiaba por la tesis burguesa de “liberación de la mujer”. Así, pues, en lucha de dos líneas hubo que barrer estas posiciones para poner al mando el principio proletario de “emancipación de la mujer”, y éste como parte de la emancipación del proletariado; y por consiguiente partir de que, el movimiento de emancipación de la mujer es parte de la lucha de clases por la emancipación del proletariado y está indisolublemente ligado a él. Producto de este deslinde fue el folleto “El marxismo, Mariátegui y la emancipación de la mujer”, profusamente difundido y eficaz arma de combate ideológico-política.

Con un considerable y creciente contingente femenino se desenvolvió una amplia, intensa y sistemática formación en el marxismo-leninismo-pensamiento maotsetung, el pensamiento de Mariátegui, la historia del Partido, la situación política, el trabajo de masas y el Movimiento Femenino guiado por la emancipación de mujer. De esta manera, armadas con la concepción de la clase y la política proletaria, dirigidas por el Partido, mujeres revolucionarias, trabajadoras, profesionales y estudiantes recorrieron el país y removieron Lima principalmente (en sus cuatro puntos cardinales donde hubiera masas), agitando, propagandizando, movilizando y organizando. En las ciudades las fábricas, las barriadas, las universidades fueron remecidas con su palabra y acción; en el campo las comunidades y las cooperativas azucareras fueron acogedores centros de su dedicación y combatividad; y en los centros mineros la clase y los Comités de damas recibieron y reconocieron su resuelto ejemplo de servir al pueblo.

Así, el Movimiento Femenino Popular fue adentrándose en las masas para enraizarse en ellas; enraizamiento al cual sirvieron sus campañas de propaganda y agitación masiva con volantes, como “A las madres del pueblo combatientes ignoradas” que difundió 70 mil hojas impresas en el Día de la madre de 1976. Fue extraordinaria la actividad desarrollada por el MFP por la amplitud y profundidad de su labor, la intensidad y diversidad de frentes que abarcó y, sobre todo, por la alta calidad política de su trabajo y las bases que coadyuvó a poner para el ulterior desarrollo del Partido y la revolución. Sirva como muestra de esta ingente actividad la siguiente enumeración de los más importantes eventos exitosamente celebrados por este organismo generado:

- Convención de mujeres campesinas de Ayacucho, julio de 1974.

- Convención de universitarias de Lima sobre emancipación de la mujer, julio de 1974.

- Asamblea nacional de mujeres, febrero de 1975.

- 1ra Convención Nacional del Movimiento Femenino Popular, marzo de 1975.

- Convención de mujeres obreras de Lima, mayo de 1975.

- Convención de mujeres pobres de barrios y barriadas de Lima, 1975.

- Convención nacional de universitarias sobre emancipación de la mujer, 1975.

- Convención de mujeres pobres de barrios y barriadas de Tacna, 1976.

- Convención de mujeres de Chiclayo, 1976.

La simple enumeración de estos eventos muestra la gran utilidad y potencia de acción transformadora del Movimiento Femenino Popular, tan propios y expresivos del proletariado y del pueblo, por tanto de sus denodadas hijas. El MFP en pocos años, pero con ingente esfuerzo y dirección política correcta, había cambiado la falsa y errónea tradición revisionista burguesa de reducir a las mujeres a la simple recolección de fondos y ser organizadoras de festividades y de ayuda “social”; el MFP condujo a las mujeres a ser protagonistas y combatientes de primera fila en la lucha de clases y la revolución, como siempre han sido, son y serán las hijas del pueblo y de la clase en especial, como bien lo muestra nuestra propia historia nacional.

El MFP hizo, pues, a las mujeres peruanas tomar más conciencia de su necesidad de luchar por la transformación revolucionaria de la sociedad haciéndolas actuar como lo que son: la “mitad que sostiene el cielo”, contingente indispensable de la revolución. Al comienzo las orientaciones partidarias de desarrollar el trabajo femenino fueron atacadas por los revisionistas y los revolucionaristas; pero, cuando al poco tiempo contingentes femeninos dirigidos por el Partido batallaban airosa y diestramente en todos los frentes de masas, se apresuraron a montar organismos femeninos sin poder superar, claro está, sus lastres burgueses o pequeño burgueses.

El Partido Comunista del Perú, pues, no cabe duda, abrió trocha también en este frente de lucha. Sin embargo, al hacerlo sólo tomaba la línea del proletariado internacional que viene desde Marx, la experiencia de nuestro pueblo en su centenaria lucha, y las aplicó a las condiciones específicas de nuestra realidad, momento y necesidad; y al hacerlo construyó uno de los organismos generados que más ha servido al Partido, a la guerra popular y a la revolución. Desarrollar el trabajo femenino del Partido fue una gran orientación estratégica del Partido; y el empeñoso esfuerzo y energías que su plasmación demandaba, redundó en resultados inmensamente mayores que las más altas expectativas imaginadas, lo prueba su grandioso aporte a la guerra popular. Es que, en conclusión, las masas hacen la historia; el Partido y la revolución se sustentan en las masas; las mujeres son la mitad de las masas de la tierra; el Partido, la revolución no pueden, pues, soslayar a la mitad que sostiene el cielo.