CPN-M preparing for “peoples’ revolution”: Thapa
MAHENDRANAGAR: CPN-Maoist General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa said that his party is gearing up for historical revolution against status-quo and regression, that, according to him, came to rise after the second Constituent Assembly. Speaking at a press conference organised in Mahendranagar on Thursday, he said that the party has been organising district conferences in all the districts of the country, for the same.
He was of the opinion that the protest would intensify prior to the promulgation of the constitution. “Country is lurking through political crisis. The crisis will come to an end after the revolution of the CPN-Maoist,” he said. According to him, the longstanding political standoff should be resolved through all party political assembly.
Mass squatter eviction in Rome causes riots
Riot police have dragged away some 350 squatter families from abandoned offices in Rome amid violent clashes which are the latest to come in a rising tide of forced evictions in Italy fuelled by the economic crisis. Several people were injured on Wednesday as police used truncheons to break through a large group of protesters outside the building, where squatters had barricaded themselves in. An AFP photographer saw between 100 and 150 officers then entering the building – a former state-owned insurance agency – and escorting the residents out, nine days after the occupation began. The families were loaded into around 10 waiting police vans in the area south of the city centre, which was entirely closed off to traffic for the operation. “They clubbed us wildly, it was brutal,” Cristiano Armati, a member of the Co-ordinamento association which had helped occupy the building, told AFP by telephone from hospital.
Rights groups, leftists blast protest bill
Kirchnerites propose measure to differentiate between ‘legitimate,’ ‘illegitimate’ demonstrations
Government allies are trying to make good on President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner’s vow to issue “guidelines for urban co-existence” with a bill to regulate street protests that is likely to become the latest move that deepens divisions between Kirchnerism and left-wing groups that have long been part of its base of support. Staunch Kirchnerite lawmakers Carlos Kunkel and Diana Conti have presented the draft bill that, among other things, establishes procedures to distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate protests.
Sent to the Lower House of Congress on Tuesday but coming to light yesterday, the bill’s authors present the bill as not seeking to limit the right to protest by criminalizing it but rather as an effort to find ways for protests to continue as part of urban life. The bill specifies that protests will be considered legitimate as long as they do not affect public services — particularly those relating to health, education and public safety — do not totally obstruct traffic of persons and vehicles in any given direction and that authorities are duly notified of the protest at least 48 hours in advance. Public protests that do not meet these criteria would thus be considered “illegitimate.”
The bill was met with strong opposition from several groups, including the Centre for Legal and Social Studies (CELS) and members of the Socialist Workers’ Party (PTS), who criticized the fact that the draft appears to limit the right to public assembly and protest. The bill specifies when a protest can be forcefully broken up by security forces. “An illegitimate protest that also affects the rights of third parties may be dispersed by security forces in order to guarantee those rights,” according to the procedures set out by the bill. These establish protocols for mediation and limits the use of force that the security forces can employ.
Anti-vote youths, police clash in Algeria’s Kabylie
ALGIERS: Clashes erupted in Algeria’s restive Kabylie region between security forces and youths opposed to Thursday’s presidential election, leaving around 40 people wounded, local sources said. Separate groups of youths seeking to disrupt voting in the Bouria region, southeast of Algiers, ransacked polling stations in three localities shortly after they opened at 0700 GMT, with the police firing to disperse them. Forty-one people were injured in the unrest, including 28 policemen, with voting temporarily suspended in the affected voting centres, the sources said. In the capital, where security forces have been heavily deployed, police arrested five protesters shouting anti-regime slogans, an AFP journalist reported.
54 detained in anti-World Cup protest in Brazil
SAO PAULO — Police say that 54 people protesting against the World Cup have been arrested in Brazil’s largest city. The police department says on its Twitter page that they were taken into custody during Tuesday night’s demonstration in Sao Paulo, which will host of the first game of the World Cup on June 12. Police said Wednesday that at least 1,500 people participated in the protest, which saw the windows of three banks smashed and one subway station damaged.
All set for general strike: Maoist
IMPHAL, April 15: The Maoist Communist Party Manipur has in a press release said that preparation for the April 16 general strike called against the misuse of Local Area Development fund of the MP Dr Th Meinya Singh for ten years all set ready and further disclosed that 15 important locations have been identified for it and 15 Demolition Squad Units have also been deployed with bombs and necessary equipments so as to make a ravage strike. The release mentioned that the Congress rule in India will come to an end and also of the O Ibobi led Congress government in Manipur and further appealed the people of Manipur to support general strike and at the same time, to stay alert of the bomb attack.
Voting time reduced in Naxal-hit areas of Bihar
Fearing threat from Maoists during the second phase of Lok Sabha polls in Bihar tomorrow, Election Commission has decided to cut polling period by two hours in Naxal-hit areas of Ara and Jehanabad Lok Sabha constituencies. The voting time in Agiyaon and Terari Assembly segments in Ara, and Jehanabad and Makhdumpur in Jehanabad will now be from 7:00 AM to 4:00 PM, Additional Chief Electoral Officer R Lakshmanan told reporters here. The DM and SP of Ara and Jehanabad had sent proposals to the EC to curtail the polling period in the two Maoist-hit areas. “The EC today approved them. We are publicising the changed timings among the voters there,” Lakshmanan said.
2 tiffin bombs found in Chhattisgarh on poll eve; 2 Naxals held
RAIPUR: Two tiffin bombs, suspected to be planted by Maoists to target security forces and polling parties during Lok Sabha elections, were found in the insurgency-hit Kanker district of Chhattisgarh. Kanker is among the three Lok Sabha seats going to polls on Thursday in the second phase of Chhattisgarh elections. Besides, two Naxals involved in several incidents of crime were nabbed in Narayanpur district, police said.
“Two tiffin-bombs of 10 kg each were found at separate places on Mandagaon-Mendra road under Badgaon police station limits last evening,” a senior police official said on Wrnesday. The joint squad of 127 battalion of Border Security Force and a team of local police was on a demining exercise to ensure security ahead of polls in the region, located around 200 kms away from the state capital Raipur. During the operation on restive Mandagaon-Mendra road, the security personnel found two tiffins containing improvised explosives device (IED) placed underground at separate places. Later, the bomb disposal squad defused the explosives, he said.
In a separate incident, two Naxalites, carrying reward on their head, were arrested from Narayanpur district on Tuesday evening. The cadres – Rajman Salaam (35) and Vinod Korram (26) – were nabbed by the joint team of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and district force from the forests under Jhara police station limits, the official said. The security personnel were on a combing operation in the region when they rounded up the duo on suspicion near Kausalnar village, he said, adding that later they admitted to their involvement in the Naxal movement. They were carrying reward of Rs 5,000 each on their head and were involved in several incidents of crime including loot, arson and murder, he said.
Maoist arrested in Hazaribag, cops intensify search operation
HAZARIBAG: Police arrested Maoist cadre, Ramu Manjhi, son of Budhan Manjhi, from Telaiya village under the Bishnugarh police station on Monday night. Acting on a tip off, officer in charge of Bishnugarh police station, Dinesh Kumar Singh raided Ramu Manjhi’s residence with his team and succeeded in arresting him. Dinesh Kumar Singh said security has been beefed up in the district before the polls.
Police have been conducting regular search operations in the locality to keep a check on illegal activities. After Maoist posters calling for poll boycott were noticed in the area, police intensified its search operation. Singh said, in Bishnugarh alone, Manjhi was wanted in 13 cases and police suspect he was here to interrupt poll proceedings on April 17.
‘Maoists’ Bid to Disrupt Polls Foiled’
Maoists had grouped in Sunabeda wildlife sanctuary in the district aiming to disrupt the poll process in neighbouring Chhattisgarh, scheduled in two phases on April 17 and 24. This was revealed by IGP (South-Western) Range YK Jethwa, a day after a woman Maoist was gunned down in an exchange of fire between police and Left wing ultras inside the sanctuary on Monday morning. Addressing mediapersons on Tuesday, Jethwa said a group of 40 heavily armed Maoists including their military platoon were present in the sanctuary.
On Sunday, following intelligence inputs on movement of Maoists in large numbers in the area, the security forces launched an operation and came face to face with Maoists between Sonbahali and Junapani under Sunabeda gram panchayat on Monday morning resulting in an exchange of fire. Although the Maoists had laid an ambush, the security forces got wind of it and foiled the attempt. The IGP said the spot of encounter was located in Bijadungri between Sonbahali and Junapani which is three to four kms from Gariabandh district in the neighbouring Chhattisgarh.
“The deceased woman Maoist has been identified as Jayanti who belonged to Mainpur-Nuapada Divisional Committee of the CPI (Maoist) outfit and hailed from Chhattisgarh,” Jethwa said. Lauding the small group of SOG comprising about 15 to 16 personnel, Jethwa said when the Maoists fired at them, they retaliated instead of looking for cover. It seems many Maoist cadres have been killed or injured as they were seen dragging some bodies. Combing operation has been launched by Chhattisgarh cops from their side of the sanctuary.
Maoists attack Border Security Force camp in Malkangiri
KORAPUT: A major mishap could be avoided at a Border Security Force (BSF) camp in Malkangiri district due to the alertness of sentries late on Monday. Police said some 100-odd Maoists fired at the camp around 1 am at MPV 21 village under Kalimela police limits. “As the sentries were alert they retaliated. Soon other BSF men present in the camp joined the gun-battle which continued intermittently for two hours.
Had the sentries not fired back then a major mishap could have taken place. No injury or casualty from our side has been reported,” said IG (south-western range) Y K Jethwa. He said though the exact number of Red rebels, who attacked the camp, is yet to be ascertained, there number could be very high as they attacked from three sides. “Unable to stand our heavy firing, the Maoists retreated. We have started a search operation in the area,” he said. Police said at least 100 personnel are there in each BSF camp.
Maoists blast bridge in Jharkhand
Maoist guerrillas blew up a bridge in Jharkhand’s Giridih district Wednesday, a day ahead of the polling for six Lok Sabha seats from the state, police said. Guerrillas blew up the bridge near Padnatand village, around 190 km from Ranchi. Giridih will go to the polls Thursday. Police said the bridge was blown up to disrupt the movement of security forces during the polling. Police Wednesday also found five landmines from Ambatar village in Hazaribagh district, around 140 km from Ranchi. Polling will also take place Thursday for the Hazaribagh Lok Sabha seat.
U.S. Supports Arrest of Movadef Members
The United States government saluted Peru on its arrest of almost 30 members of a political group that had close ties to the Shining Path rebels.
In a statement, the U.S. State Department said it “congratulates the Government of Peru for last week’s arrests of at least 28 leaders and members of a front organization for the Shining Path terrorist group.” “Under the leadership of President Humala, this successful effort exemplifies an admirable commitment to respect for the rule of law and human rights, to patient and persistent criminal investigation work, and an effective ‘whole of government’ approach featuring coordination among judicial, police, armed forces and intelligence elements,” the state department said.
War-era cases being revived to wipe out Maoists: Thapa
KATHMANDU, APR 16 – CPN-Maoist General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa has claimed that attempts are being made to wipe out the Maoists by reviving the conflict-era cases. Organising a press meet at Tikapur of Kailali on Wednesday, Thapa, aiming at the Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN-UML, alleged them of trying to eliminate the CPN-Maoist by raising the cases of insurgency. “Holding the local body elections now would be tantamount to institutionalisation of status-quoism.
The conduction of local elections without drafting a federal constitution is to forestall state restructuring and federation of states,” said the CPN-Maoist leader. Thapa further said that it is the policy of the status quoist forces not to allow the institutionalisation of the new structure desired by the people through the people’s war. “The dissolving of Constituent Assembly (CA) and dominance of status quoist in the current CA proves this fact,” said Thapa.
CPN-Maoist’s prophesy that the second CA election was a conspiracy and it would only invite further crisis is being proven, he claimed. “Transitional period has come to an end. Crisis is deepening further,” he said. The second CA might promulgate the new constitution sooner or later but it would not be people-centric, the CPN-Maoist leader claimed. “The ruling class will promulgate the constitution as constitution is needed for smooth functioning of government administration,” he added.
Govt accused of ‘terrorising’ the Maoists
KATHMANDU: The CPN-Maoist has accused the government of terrorizing the party by enforcing ‘unilateral’ decision to arrest its party leaders and cadres against the spirit of Interim Constitution and Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA). In a strong worded statement released today, the party condemned the government’s recent efforts stirring up war-era cases. The party also demanded the immediate release of its cadres booked on charge of 2004 murder of Krishna Prasad Adhikari of Gorkha in Chitwan.
According to the CPN-Maoist, no war-era cases should be dealt by the judiciary until the formation of Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and Commission on Inquiry of Enforced Disappearances (CID). Chitwan District Attorney on Sunday had filed murder charge-sheet against 13 Maoist cadres on charge of murdering Adhikari of Gorkha. The party has also said that the peace process has come to a halt with such unilateral actions of the government. The party further demanded that the cases registered against its cadres be withdrawn at the earliest. “If not, the government will be solely responsible for the potential consequences,” the disgruntled party warned.
MCP calls for 12 hr general strike in Manipur
The Maoist Communist Party (MCP) is calling a 12 hour general strike in Manipur on Wednesday ahead of the polling in the general Inner Manipur Parliamentary seat. Its demolition squads have planted 15 bombs at strategic places to make the strike a success. This was stated in a press statement issued by Nonglen Meitei, secretary publicity and propaganda of the MCP on Tuesday. Making a frontal attack against the Congress and its MP for the last two terms, Meinya Thokchom, the MCP statement said that the MP Areas Development fund for the last two terms has not reached the people.
Under the Congress Ministry led by Okram Ibobi a number of persons had lost their close family members. The days of the Congress rule in India and Manipur are coming to an end, it said. Earlier the MCP had warned the people not to venture out during the general strike as they may get injured. The strike however does not cover press, essential services and those who are participating in socio-religious functions. However, the threat that the bombs will be detonated here and there comes as a damper and most sections of the people including presspersons may not stick out their necks. The MCP had blasted several bombs in the past few days.
They had targeted Meinya Thokchom, MP, Mirabai Akoijam, Social Welfare Minister. Police and security forces are not taking the bomb threat lightly. On April 9, the Deputy Speaker Presho Shimray had a narrow escape when militants carried out an ambush while he was returning to Imphal after casting his vote in Ukhrul district. Though the accusing fingers had been pointed to one armed group there has been no claim.
In view of the threats, Mr. Thokchom moves out and attends some campaign meetings only when there are adequate security coverage for him. He could not participate in the interaction programmes organised by the Editors’ Guild – Manipur and a news channel, probably on security grounds. Meanwhile, police have beefed up security measures throughout the three valley districts which go to polls on Thursday. Though some armed persons are reported to have been rounded up, the big fishes are still at large and this is causing sleepless nights to the law enforcing agencies. Efforts are on to locate some of the bombs using sniffer dogs and metal detectors. However so far there is no success.
Plan to ambush Manipur MP foiled
A meticulous plan to carry out an ambush on Meinya Thokchom, the sitting Congress MP of Manipur, was foiled by police with the timely detection of a very powerful foreign made bomb which was planted a little distance away from his house at Khumbung in Imphal West district. Police detected the bomb buried at the roadside at 11:30 am on Tuesday. Police bomb disposal squad neutralised it. Though the accusing finger is pointed at the Maoist Communist Party, so far there is no claim.
Police have also not arrested any of the MCP insurgents in this connection. Apart from blasting several bombs in the past few days it announced that it had planted 15 bombs at 15 different places as a part of the 12 hour general strike it is calling on Wednesday. Police sources said that perhaps the rebels were planning to ambush the MP and his entourage when they return home after campaigning which ends at 4 pm on Tuesday. In case of ambush there would be casualties since it was within the Khumbong village. Police dragnet has been spread wide to comb the areas. Besides the paramilitary, personnel guarding the MP have been put on red alert. However, in view of the shortage of security forces since polls will be held on Thursday, the government cannot increase his security guards as yet.
LS polls: Security beefed up in Kanker, Rajnandgaon and Mahasamund
Security has been stepped up in three poll-bound Maoist infested constituencies of Kanker, Rajnandgaon and Mahasamund in Chhattisgarh amid inputs that naxals may foment trouble in these sensitive areas on April 17, when voting be held there during the second phase of Lok Sabha elections. According to Intelligence Bureau sources, around 500 cadres of PLGA (Peoples’ Liberation Guerrilla Army)- a military wing of CPI (Maoist)- have been mobilised in these areas to create disturbances in the electoral process.
“We were already having inputs of naxals may obstruct electoral process in the conflict zone. But after the recent attacks on security forces and polling parties in Bastar Lok Sabha constituency, we are more cautious,” an Intelligence Bureau Official told PTI on the condition of anonymity.
Naxal arrested after encounter in Chhattisgarh
Bastar Superintendent of Police Ajay Yadav said that the Ultra was arrested following the gun-battle between rebels and the joint squad of Special Task Force (STF) and district force in Chandameta forests under Darbha police station limits.
Aerial surveillance in Red-hit constituencies
RANCHI: To ensure peaceful polls during the second phase, the Jharkhand police has arranged for aerial surveillance over the six Maoist-affected Lok Sabha constituencies that will go to polls on April 17. Police, armed with high-definition binoculars will hover over the hills and forest areas, believed to be the possible hideouts of the Maoists. Six choppers will be pressed into service to keep a close watch on the Maoist activities in the six constituencies – Giridih, Singhbhum, Khunti, Jamshedpur, Hazaribag and Ranchi. Confirming the development, DGP Rajiv Kumar said,”It is one of the several measures we have taken to ensure free and fair election.
The first phase was hassle-free and we would want that trend to continue.” Giridih’s Jhumra area, Ghatshila in Jamshedpur, Murhu and Torpa in Khunti, Bundu and Tamar in Ranchi need special attention as Maoist activities are often reported from these areas, he added. Kumar, along with ADG (JAP) Kamal Nayan Choubey and IG of North Chottanagpur Zone, Laxman Prasad Singh, visited Jhumra hills in Bokaro, Madhuban in Giridih and Churchu in Hazaribag on Monday to review the security arrangements in these regions.
“We did a recce of the area to ensure that a comprehensive security arrangement is in place. We are ready to give a befitting reply to the Maoists, in case they try to disrupt the election procedure,” a confident Kumar told media persons in Ranchi. A series of explosives have been recovered from Khunti and Chaibasa in the last one week following which sense of fear has gripped the electorate in these areas.
Three bombs recovered in Jharkhand’s Ramgarh district
At least three bombs were recovered on Tuesday from a jungle in Jharkhand’s Ramgarh district, police said. According to the police, the bombs were found in a jungle near the national highway connecting Ranchi to Patna in the Kuju area of the district, 55 km from Ranchi. They were recovered after villagers informed police about them. Ramgarh falls in Hazaribagh constituency which will go to the polls April 17.
Maoist’s warning to polling officers in Bengal
KOLKATA: In a press release issued by the Dankaranya Special Zonal Committee on Monday, Maoists have warned people, polling personnel and journalists, not to travel in vehicles of paramilitary or police personnel. This comes after Maoists killed 14 people, including seven polling officials, at Bastar in Chhattisgarh on Saturday. The release is a clear indication that during the election, the rebels might target many parts of the country.
In West Bengal, where five Lok Sabha constituencies, Ghatal, Midnapore, Jhargram, Bankura and Purulia, have been labelled as Maoist-infested, security arrangements are not adequate. Senior police officers did not take the release seriously but chief electoral officer Sunil Gupta admitted that there was a threat perception. “There is a Maoist problem in Jangalmahal even now and the Election Commission will do everything to make this election peaceful.
The voting time in these six assembly constituencies have been cut short. Polling will take place from 7am to 4 pm in assemblies like Binpur, Jhargram, Bandowan, Bagmundi, Joypur and Balarampur,” Gupta said. Apart from this, the Election Commission allotted ten satellite phones for the ten sector offices in Jangalmahal. “These areas fall under the shadow zone and therefore, there will be no IT enabled application.
To stay in touch with these polling stations, the EC has sanctioned these SAT phones,” Gupta added. But is that adequate? When polling stations all over the country will have the latest IT facility like web-casting, mobile live tracking and will get android base mobiles to keep themselves updated, the nearly 3,000 sensitive and 3,900 highly sensitive booths of Jangalmahal will have to rely on traditional methods.
According to an EC official, “The vulnerability mapping of the villages of Jangalmahal is going on and we have identified sensitive and highly sensitive villages and accordingly, we have sent our report and our requirement to the commission. Now, the EC will decide about the allotment. So far, there has been no specific instruction for the area. As the districts will go for polls on May 7, there is very less time. Let’s see what can be done”. However, sources in the Election Commission indicate that the requirement list includes helicopters, anti-landmine vehicles, more Sat phones for better communication, satellite-based tracking system and UAVs, so that the entire polling process can be monitored properly.
When asked about it, DIG (Midnapore Range), Ajay Nanda said, “We will have to work with whatever we have got. We are relying more on source-based information network and will arrange our forces according to that. We have also asked for helicopters but that has not been sanctioned yet”. According to a senior cop of the district, Maoists like Shyamal and Madan in Belpahari and Bikas and Jayanta in Jamboni are traced in and around Jhargram and Purulia. “Some unknown group members are also moving around Nayagram and Gopiballavpur. They are coming in plainclothes and talking to the villagers,” he said.
Heavy movement of Maoists in regions polling on April 17 in Chhattisgarh: Intelligence
RAIPUR: Two days after Maoist attack on CRPF jawans and polling party, state intelligence bureau has received inputs about reds’ movement in large number in parts of Mahasamund, Kanker and Rajnandgaon that goes to poll on April 17 indicating another attack in the offing. According to a senior official at state intelligence bureau, department has been alerted about intense Maoist movement in Kanker and Rajnandgaon districts which are among red-dominated regions after Bastar.
“Inputs received indicate the presence of over 150 Maoists on the border of Rajnandgaon and Gadchiroli. They have distributed themselves in groups. Kanker is comparatively more sensitive with nearly 500-700 cadres active in the region,” the official said. He added that they may again target road opening parties (ROPs) who have to walk on road. Security forces have been alerted and plans are being made to add more security personnel and conduct polling amid heavy security cover to avoid any more incidents. Security personnel of Special Task Force and Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) would be deployed at affected regions.
Of the three districts going to polls in second phase are Mahasamund, Rajnandgaon and Kanker which have 442 sensitive and 431 hyper-sensitive polling booths. Rajnandgaon’s Manpur-mohalla and Aundhi, Mahasamund’s Sihawa, Borai and Khallari while Kanker’s Antagarh, Abujhmar, Keshkal and Bhanupratappur are among the worst Maoist affected areas. Rajnandgaon has suffered attacks during previous polls and has 240 sensitive and 106 hyper-sensitive polling booths.
An effort on search operations for recovery of IEDs and landmines planted by reds is on. Subsequently, in Kanker 36 booths have been shifted to safer places. The region has 129 sensitive and 301 hyper-sensitive polling booths. Moreover, the greenbelt there provides a good cover for Maoist movement and attacks. Mahasamund’s 24 polling booths have been declared as hyper-sensitive. Forces have started settling in the region for peaceful and safe polls.
Labour Unrest at Nike and Adidas Supplier Yue Yuen Industrial Persists
Thousands of workers at a giant Chinese shoe supplier have rejected an offer for enhanced social benefits, extending one of China’s largest strikes in recent times. The nearly 10-day-long strike at the $5.59bn (£3.3bn, €4.05bn) Yue Yuen Industrial, which manufactures shoes for Adidas, Nike and Converse, has revolved around issues such as outstanding social insurance, improper labour contracts and low wages. Employees have demanded improved social insurance payments, a pay rise and more evenhanded contracts, Reuters reported. Pursued by the news agency, a spokesman for Yue Yuen said the firm had approved an improved “social benefit plan”, and added that the business impact of the strike had been “mild” so far.
However, thousands of workers, dressed in casual clothes but with factory lanyards and ID cards around their necks, hung around the industrial estate, refusing to return to work. Riot police were stationed at the estate.
China convicts hospital workers after high-profile labour protest
(Reuters) – A Chinese court on Tuesday convicted 12 hospital security guards of “disturbing social order” after staging a labour protest last year, sentencing several to light jail terms in what was seen as a test case for labour rights in China. The guards had been part of a group of more than 100 healthcare workers embroiled in a months-long dispute with the Guangzhou Chinese Medicine University Hospital over labour conditions and compensation.
Cut out of a deal that was eventually struck between the hospital and other workers, the guards on August 19 threatened to jump off the hospital building and were detained by police. The ruling by the district court in the southern city of Guangzhou, convicting the guards of “gathering a crowd to disturb social order”, comes against a backdrop of growing labour activism in China and was calibrated to send a message, said Duan Yi, a labour lawyer and counsel for one of the guards. “They are sending a signal to society at large which is that as workers protect their rights, if they are even slightly extreme they could receive criminal punishment,” he said.
Thousands Clash With Chinese Police in Crematorium Protests
Residents of a city in China’s southern Guangdong province clashed with armed police on Monday during a mass protest at government plans to build a crematorium, protesters and officials said, amid reports of one death and multiple injuries in the violence. Thousands of people—some of whom skipped work and cut classes—took part in the protest, which began at the weekend over the planned construction of the crematorium in Ligang near Huazhou city, which is administered by Maoming city, even after official media reports said that the project will be shelved.
The opposition to the crematorium came as popular anger with the authorities over a planned petrochemical plant in Maoming had hardly subsided following demonstrations, clashes and riots earlier this month. On Monday, angry protesters gathered outside municipal government buildings carrying banners, one of which read “Civilized Protest: Crematorium Get the Hell Out of Ligang.” Photos of the protests taken by participants on Saturday showed riot police in full armor lining streets packed with civilians, in what appeared to be a relaxed atmosphere. But hundreds of armed police arrived at Monday’s protest and began using force to break it up, eyewitnesses said.
Maoist leader killed in Narayanpatna
A hardcore Maoist was killed in an exchange of fire at Narayanpatna in Koraput district of Odisha at around midnight of Sunday. Speaking to The Hindu, Koraput Superintendent of Police (SP) Awinash Kumar said the slain leftist extremist was identified as Purna Hulka, an area commander of Srikakulam-Koraput division of Andhra Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee (AOBSZC) of outlawed CPI (Maoist) organisation.
Odisha government had declared one lakh rupees reward on his head. Two country-made guns and a revolver were seized from the spot of encounter along with other Maoist materials, the SP said. Purna hailed from Basanapur area of Narayanpatna block and was said to be active in Narayanpatna and Bandhugaon blocks of Koraput district. He had several cases of Maoist violence, including murder charges, pending against him. According to sources, police personnel of Koraput district and District Voluntary Force (DVF) had acted upon intelligence reports that Purna, along with some Maoist compatriots, was trying some violent mischief in Narayanpatna area.
When the security personnel directed the Maoists to surrender, the ultras opened fire, and the forces retaliated. In this exchange of fire, Purna was killed on the spot while his associates were suspected to have escaped taking advantage of darkness. Following this encounter, intense search operation has been launched in the area to track down associates of Purna. It may be noted that polling was peaceful in Narayanpatna area on April 10, despite the Maoists boycotting the elections.
In yet another incident, a woman Maoist was killed in an exchange of fire between security personnel and Maoists inside Sunabeda sanctuary in Nuapada district of Odisha on Monday. According to Inspector General of Police (IGP), south-western range, Yashwant Jethwa, this encounter occurred during an operation by personnel of Special Operation Group (SOG) inside the Sunabeda sanctuary which borders Chhattisgarh. The security personnel have recovered body of the Maoist from the spot of the encounter, said the IGP. One .303 rifle was also recovered from the spot. Details were awaited as this anti-Maoist operation was still continuing in the area, he added.
IG sees local help, IEDs buried deep
The twin IED blasts in Bastar on Saturday, security forces believe, were made possible by the support of road contractors and locals. The IEDs were laid at least 4 feet deep into the ground and could only have been buried in when the road was being laid several months ago. “Such IEDs are planted months, years ago when roads are being constructed. It’s not possible without the support of locals and those involved in road construction,” Bastar IG AD Gautam told The Indian Express. “The contractor himself might be involved, but it needs to be established by a probe.”
Chhattisgarh: Maoists issue apology for killing 7
Two days after massacring seven poll officials in Bastar in Chhattisgarh, the outlawed CPI(Maoist) on Monday issued a public apology, saying the killings were a case of “mistaken identity”. In a two-page statement e-mailed to HT, Maoist spokesperson Gudsa Usendi regretted the killing of the poll officials — six schoolteachers and one from the forest department — and expressed the rebel outfit’s “sympathy” to their families.
The seven polling officials and five CRPF personnel were among 14 killed as Maoists struck twice in less than an hour in Bastar on Saturday. The attacks came two days after peaceful elections in the region witnessed 58% turnout despite the CPI(Maoist) call for poll boycott. In the first attack, the Maoists triggered a landmine blast to target a passenger bus, carrying 12 poll staff, at Ketulnar in Bijapur district and sprayed bullets on it.
“Our People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) command that led the offensive misunderstood, assuming the poll staff as the police (in the bus)”, said the statement. “It appears the big mistake was due to the misconstrued assessment from our side,” the release said. Usendi said police strategies such as changing of vehicles, use of civil transport in the strife-torn region were to blame for the error. “They (poll officials) were not our enemy. We will investigate how this lapse occurred, at what level, and take steps to prevent such incidents.”
Bombay HC Rejects Bail Pleas of Three in Naxal Funding Case
The Bombay High Court has rejected the bail pleas of three members of radical music group Kabir Kala Manch (KKM), arrested for their alleged role in supporting and funding Naxal activities in the state. Justice A R Joshi on April 11 rejected the bail applications of Sachin Mali, Sagar Gorkhe and Ramesh Gaichor. The trio was arrested along with another member Sheetal Sathe in April last year after they courted arrest outside the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly.
They were booked under the stringent provisions of Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) and various sections of the Indian Penal Code including criminal conspiracy. A case was registered in 2011 against 15 persons including KKM members for alleged involvement with the banned organisation Communist Party of India (Maoist). While seven persons were arrested in 2010, Mali, Gorkhe, Gaichor and others were declared absconding accused. According to the trio, they are cultural activists who take up social causes like poverty, corruption, superstition, gender discrimination and so on.
Security forces explore mobile network
Naxals used for Darba attack Security agencies probing the Saturday Naxal attack in Darba were exploring the network coverage of mobile service providers that helped rebels to activate powerful mines within few minutes. Besides five jawans of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), a driver and the medical technical of emergency ambulance service 108 Sanjeevani Express were killed in Darba when Naxalites detonated a powerful land mine and blew up the vehicle.
In another attack in Bijapur, rebels blew up a bus and killed 7 polling staff a few minutes before Darba attack. The preliminary investigation carried by the security agencies suggested that the mines were activated within a short notice and probably a strong communication system was used. The landmine that was detonated in Darba was planted about 10 years ago with rebels, as practice, leaving connecting wire in the forest.
Aerial lessons for poll twin in blast toll
New Delhi/ Ranchi, April 13: Hours after Maoist landmines in Chhattisgarh yesterday killed 14 persons, including CRPF personnel and poll officials, EC in rebel-scarred Jharkhand has decided not to trust roads, choosing to airdrop officials to Naxalite areas set for April 17 elections. Cautioning paramilitary forces not to get complacent after Jharkhand’s first day of “peaceful and reasonably successful polls” on April 10 across four seats in Maoist strongholds, state chief electoral officer P.K. Jajoria warned Day Two on April 17 presented “challenges” across six constituencies. The bulk of Jharkhand — Giridih, Ranchi, Jamshedpur, Singhbhum (ST), Khunti (ST) and Hazaribagh — will vote on April 17. Campaigning for these seats ends on April 15 (Tuesday) afternoon.
CPN-Maoist leader hauls CA over coal
PHIDIM: CPN-Maoist Secretary Dev Gurung today came down heavily on the political parties represented in the Constitution Assembly. Speaking at a press conference organised by CPN-M’s District Organisation Committee, Panchthar in Phidim today, Gurung blamed that Nepali Congress, CPN-UML and Unified CPN-Maoist for trying to revive a constitution of yesteryears. “Therefore, the present CA exists in name only and its members are like employees,” he said. Gurung claimed that the CA will not be able to promulgate a constitution. Gurung said some of the political parties and the government have been trying to lure his party by offering 26 seats in the CA.
“My party leaders and cadres do not need jobs in the CA,” he reasoned. The Maoist leader said his party does not have the capacity to bear with throngs of employees in the CA. He reiterated that leaders and cadres of his party are not interested in looking for jobs in the CA. “We do not have temptation for such jobs,” he said. Secretary Gurung criticized on the recent issue of Commission of Inquiry on Disappearances and Truth and Reconciliation Commission Bill. “It was only the show teeth of the government,” he said. He said that all the cases during the insurgency era have to be solved through politics.
Anti-mine protesters near Guatemala’s capital face down national police, army
SAN JOSÉ DEL GOLFO, Guatemala – An uncomfortable tension filled the air in the village of San José del Golfo, 28 kilometers northeast of Guatemala City, last Thursday. Driving through the streets, pairs of armed Civil National Police (PNC) could be seen standing “guard” at a fried chicken restaurant, in front of the public health center, and near a block of well-kept homes with flower gardens.
The police arrived in the village last Wednesday morning, along with the army, to try and break the La Puya protest, which for two years has prevented the construction of Kappes, Cassiday & Associates’ (KCA) massive El Tambor gold and silver mine. The protesters say the mining project would dangerously contaminate their water with arsenic, and a 2013 study found that the mine’s environmental impact report failed to adequately address the risk of contamination by arsenic and other toxic waste created by the mining process.
‘Thousands’ of protesters halt construction of South China city crematorium
Construction of a crematorium has been halted after 500 residents protested in the city of Huazhou, South China’s Guangdong Province on Saturday, the government announced in a statement late on Sunday.
“Thousands of people” took to the streets in Ligang township on Saturday demanding the crematorium be cancelled, protesters told the Global Times. They were met by “many” police officers, the Guangzhou-based newspaper reported on its Sina Weibo on Sunday. The Huazhou vice-mayor tried to “communicate” with protesters on Saturday but failed to satisfy their demands, Nandu Daily reported, without naming the official who reportedly ended up hiding in a nearby bank.
IEDs were waiting for personnel in Chhattisgarh
CRPF personnel had successfully completed a road-opening process in the Darbha Valley, securing all EVMs used in the April 10 polling in Bastar and officials, before some of them decided to board an ambulance on Saturday. The decision proved costly as five of them were killed as Maoists blew up the ambulance using IED landmines believed to have been planted months ago.
Two ambulance technicians were also killed. An IED landmine was used in the other blast too, which killed seven polling officials in the Ketunlar area, 22 km from the district headquarters of Bijapur, said Arun Dev Goutam, Inspector-General of Police, Bastar Range.
Security increased in naxalite-affected areas of Udupi district
Security has been increased in naxalite-affected areas in Udupi district after a banner and six pamphlets with messages by suspected Maoists were found at Mala village in Karkala Rural police station limits on Saturday. According to the district police, the banner was hung up at a desolate place around 2 km from the S.K. Border (towards Karkala).
The police, who were on their beat between 6.30 a.m. and 7 a.m., also found the pamphlets there. M.B. Boralingaiah, Superintendent of Police, said the banner could have been put up by either naxalites or naxalite sympathisers. There had been no movement or sightings of naxalites in the area in the last six months, he said.
Personnel of Cobra battalion refused to escort polling parties ambushed by Naxalites in Gadchiroli
NAGPUR: The harmony between local police and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in Gadchiroli shattered after a nasty showdown between a senior police official and personnel of Cobra battalion soon after the attack on returning poll parties in Tondelphata forest area near Ashagaon in Jimulgatta subdivision on Friday. A C-60 jawan was killed and five others injured when Naxalites ambushed the polling parties returning to base station on Friday. Personnel of Cobra, an arm of the CRPF, are learnt to have refused to escort the returning polling parties in south Gadchiroli.
Repoll in Bihar amid Maoist attack on polling personnel
Patna: Maoists unleashed violence in Nawada on Sunday during repoll, attacking a polling party, though there was no casualty in the retaliatory fire by security forces accompanying them, officials said. Repoll was held at 33 polling booths spread over five Lok Sabha constituencies in the state, which went to polls in the first phase on April 10.
The Maoists ambushed the poll personnel near Hadhadwa forest under Kauakol police station area when they were returning after conducting repoll at Dania polling station area in Nawada constituency. “The Maoists suddenly attacked the polling party. The security forces accompanying them retaliated. The firing lasted for a few minutes. Nobody was injured in the incident and all our people are safe,” said Additional Chief Electoral Officer R Lakshmanan.
Bengal districts asked to heighten vigil after Chattisgarh Maoist strike
The Election Commission Sunday asked district administrations across West Bengal to intensify their vigil following Maoist attacks in Chhattisgarh and the arrest of a top militant from the state. “There was an intensive review of the standard operating procedure in a video conference among the EC officials, the district magistrates (DMs) and superintendents of police (SPs) of all the districts and top cops. “All DMs and SPs have assured that situation was under control and they have asked to intensify vigil and enhance coordination,” said Amit Roychowdhury, officer on special duty (OSD).
Polling hours reduced in Bengal’s Maoist-hit areas
Kolkata, April 13: Polling will end two hours early in six assembly segments of two Lok Sabha constituencies in Maoist-affected areas of West Bengal, an Election Commission official said Saturday. In a bid to prevent any untoward incident in the Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) hit areas, the six segments located in Jhargram and Purulia parliamentary constituencies will witness polling from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. – unlike rest of the state where polling will continue till 6 p.m.
“Hours of poll in Binpur, Bandwan and Jhargram assembly constituencies in Jhargram Lok Sabha seat will be from 7 a.m. to 4 pm. Similarly the hours have been reduced in Balrampur, Baghmundi and Joypur assembly seats in Purulia,” chief electoral officer Sunil Gupta told reporters here.
Maoist arrested with posters calling for poll boycott
Simdega: A suspected Maoist has been arrested in Simdega district’s Paka Tand village, police said here on Saturday. District Superintendent of Police A V Minz told reporters that the Maoist, identified as Bhadur Sao, was arrested and posters calling for poll boycott and other materials were seized from him. The SP said the police action came following a tip-off that a group of Maoists were in the village to put up the posters, and added that some other rebels managed to escape.
Maoists abduct sarpanch in Malkangiri
KORAPUT: Maoists have reportedly abducted a sarpanch and two former panchayat members in Malkangiri district late on Friday. The abducted trio are sarpanch of Temrupally panchayat Samara Chati, former sarpanch Neelakantha Majhi and samiti member Dasarathi Majhi.
Two landmines found in Jharkhand, police issue advisory
Two landmines were found by security forces in Jharkhand’s Bokaro district on Sunday, as officials issued an advisory to security personnel not to defuse landmines but hand over the task to bomb disposal squads. Police said two landmines, each weighing 10 kg, were found during a search operation at the Budgadda jungle, around 140 km from Ranchi. Police issued an advisory to security forces not to defuse landmines found during search operations.
Dozens hurt as anti-government protest in Rome turns violent
ROME: Police fired tear gas and made a number of arrests in Rome on Saturday as an anti-government protest turned violent, leaving several injured, according to medics and an AFP photographer. Hooded protesters hurled rocks and firecrackers at police, causing some 20 injuries to officers, according to authorities. One protester was seriously hurt – losing a number of fingers – after a firecracker apparently exploded prematurely in his hand. According to the interior ministry, six people were taken into custody. Protest organisers said 15,000 people had taken part in the rally but police could not confirm that number.
Greek Police Clash With Retail Employee Protesters
(ATHENS, Greece) — Hundreds of protesters battled with riot police in one of the Greek capital’s main shopping districts. No injuries or damage have been reported. About 500 protesters, which included retail employees but also several anarchists, closed access to shops on a central Athens street and handed leaflets protesting the extension of Sunday shopping and longer opening hours for the shops.
Protest breaks out in North West
JOHANNESBURG – Violence has broken out in a village near Zeerust in the North West Province over water shortages. Police say residents burnt down a tribal office and a ward councillor’s house on Friday evening. The trouble started after residents marched to their local municipal headquarters to demand the delivery of water to their villages. The province has been plagued by water shortages in remote areas. In March the community of Mothutlung said the “ANC doesn’t have a good story to tell” in the area which saw violent water protests and cases of police brutality take centre stage in January.
Mob attacks cops, officials’ houses in Vietnam protest
Nine police officers were injured and several officials’ property was destroyed by an angry mob of hundreds of people protesting a cemetery project in the north-central province of Ha Tinh for two days. A group of six officers came to the house of Truong Van Truong, 30, in Bac Son Commune, Thach Ha District, to take him into custody on charges of “disturbing public security” on Thursday. Truong was suspected of stoning many local officials’ houses in recent months in protest of a project to build a cemetery in Bac Son, which has also faced widespread public criticism. However, local people rushed to the site to protest the arrest. Four of the officers were abducted and beaten.
More than 100 officers were mobilized to the site to rescue the kidnapped officers, but continued to face the mob. Tran Quoc Toan, chief of Ha Tinh Police’s mobile force, told Thanh Nien that five other officers were injured by rocks thrown by people during the rescue mission.
PA forces assault journalists, arrest protesters in Ramallah
RAMALLAH (Ma’an) — Palestinian Authority security forces late Saturday assaulted journalists and arrested four youths in Ramallah during a protest against normalization with the Israeli occupation, witnesses said.
Romanian villagers battle Chevron over shale gas project
US energy company Chevron Corp, shielded by barbed wire, under Romanian police protection and under assault from egg-throwers, is in trouble in Romania with villagers angry at its drive to drill for shale gas. Opposition is fierce in the tiny remote village of Pungesti near the border with Moldova, which has become a symbol of hostility to the environmentally controversial techniques of extracting shale gas.
“In other countries, I have not experienced this type of protest,” Chevron drill-site manager Greg Murphy said. His words were almost drowned out by cries of “Stop Chevron,” “Thieves” and “Please leave,” from dozens of demonstrators at the wire barriers as he showed journalists the site in the northeast of Romania.
As an armed organization that implements political tasks in the Indian Revolution, PLGA was not confined just to military operations. It served as the principal instrument for the revolutionary masses to establish revolutionary political power organs (RPC-Revolutionary People’s Committees or Janatana Sarkars) with the aim of area-wise seizure of power. In the past decade, PW extended to vast areas and in the strategically weaker areas for the enemy among these areas, the people’s democratic political power organs emerged while destroying the exploiting state machinery.
The enemy is destroying these organs, thus making the PW lose mass support, is blockading our areas, is wiping out PLGA forces through encirclement-mopping up-surprise attacks, is damaging the centralizing capacity of the PLGA forces and making them decentralize (scattering them), is looting the villages, razing them down, closing weekly markets and stopping any kind of supplies from outside, massacring people, transporting people to strategic hamlets and imprisoning them.
Ultimately they are increasing carpet security on a huge scale in our guerilla zones to fail the aim of establishing liberated areas. While the PLGA is defeating the enemy attacks amidst this carpet security, people’s political power organs are being built using the space available. Keeping the following teaching of Mao always in mind, PLGA is advancing forward in that direction : ‘Seizure of power through armed struggle and solving the issue through war is the central task of the revolution and its highest form’.
Moreover by fulfilling tasks like constantly carrying on revolutionary political propaganda, consolidating people into various structures (party- people’s militia, mass organizations, RPCs), arming them-training them, rallying people into various people’s struggles, participating in production to increase the living standards of the people and providing medical facilities for the people, PLGA has earned a permanent place in the hearts of the people in the various guerilla bases-guerilla zones and red resistance areas.
As a result, people’s power organs are emerging in Dandakaranya (DK), Bihar-Jharkhand (BJ), Bengal-Jharkhand-Odisha border area and Andhra- Odisha Border area (AOB). In DK, area level revolutionary people’s governments have been formed and working regularly and district level people’s governments have also been formed and started working. They are getting consolidated and expanding with higher level tasks. Revolutionary People’s Governments are developing in the villages of BJ, AOB and Lalgarh (Jungle Mahal) in Paschim Bang.
They are advancing in the direction of forming area level political power organs. Even before the formation of PLGA, particularly in Andhra Pradesh, North Telangana and DK, people’s committees/Gram Rajya Committees emerged as people’s political power organs while Krantikari Kisan Committees have developed as the principle organization from the beginning for conducting armed agrarian revolution and to build people’s political power in Bihar and Jharkhand. After the formation of PLGA, in all the areas, people’s political power organs are being formed in the form of RPCs.
Under the conditions where the power of the enemy is getting destroyed in the nucleus of the guerilla zones, the formation of guerilla bases (area level political power organ) was started with the understanding that liberated areas must be built from there. These RPCs that are being formed where the power of the exploiting classes have been destroyed in PW, have taken up the task of advancing PW as their central task and are intensifying anti-imperialist and anti-feudal struggles.
They are trying to rally vast masses against the conspiracies of the MNCs and corporate companies like Tata, Essar, Jindal, Mittal, Vedanta etc to loot our country’s natural resources and against the Operation Green Hunt (OGH) that the ruling classes launched. They are carrying on mass agitations not to allow them into guerilla zones and to prevent the centuries old adivasi communities and the vast forests from getting destroyed. Due to the resistance of the revolutionary movement, no huge project could be started. This is putting a check on the exploitation of corporate companies like Tata, Essar, Jindal, Mittal and Vedanta.
RPCs are forming defence committees and militia commands from the area level to the panchayat level against the encirclement and mopping up campaigns conducted by the ruling classes to wipe out the revolutionary movement. In the past decade, the defence committees, militia commands and the various kinds of militia organizations under their leadership had been gaining several experiences. People’s Militia is playing its role in defending the people. It is developing as a base force in PLGA. On the other hand, RPCs are consolidating people against fake reforms of the exploiting governments and are placing an alternative development model in front of the Indian people.
Particularly, they are implementing revolutionary reforms and are taking steps to distribute land to every family. With the aim of increasing production and improving the economic position of the people, they started to develop agriculture. They are improving the irrigation facilities. They are introducing cooperative methods. They are encouraging fisheries, orchards, growing of vegetables etc. They have taken up land leveling programme on a huge scale in DK in 2010. They are putting great efforts to impart education and medical facilities to the masses here who have been kept far away from these facilities all these days.
As part of this, many people’s schools and ashram schools are being run all over DK. The specific feature of these schools is that they are imparting education in their mother tongue. People’s doctors are being trained and they are treating people free of cost. The exploiting governments have turned the legal system unjust. Nyay (Judicial) Committees were formed and are solving the problems in the people’s courts. These people’s courts are playing a prominent role in anti-feudal struggles. It is not an exaggeration to say that in the past three decades, local people in the movement areas have never gone to the police stations or the courts for solving their problems.
Jungle Bachao Committees (Forest Protection) have been formed and are working to preserve forest wealth and maintain ecological balance. PW is greatly impacting the cultural sphere. If the society is to travel in the direction of new democracy, then struggle in the cultural sphere is necessary. The Education-Cultural Committees being formed under the RPCs are fighting with backward tribal traditions and the deeply entrenched superstitions to overthrow the authority of the tribal elders and to increase the economic, political and social role of women they are fighting against patriarchy.
They are developing new democratic culture among the people. Revolutionary days and revolutionary traditions are replacing local traditions and festivals. February 10 – Bhumkal Divas, Hool Divas, March 8, May Day, May 7 – Alluri’s Birth Anniversary, July 28-Martyrs Memorial Day, September 21 – Party Formation Day, December 2 – PLGA Day and such revolutionary days are being celebrated with revolutionary fervor.
This struggle in the cultural sphere is again reinforcing the economic and political struggles. This struggle that is going on in all the spheres is changing the social canvas in the movement areas. When we speak of the important changes in the social canvas, the changes that occurred in the conditions of the women is a matter of pride. After the revolutionary movement started consolidating the women who were being crushed under tribal patriarchy, there was significant change in their conditions.
Particularly, forced marriages came to an end. Women who were confined to the family and had no social recognition whatsoever are now playing an active role in the social sphere and are asserting their identity at home and outside. As a result, democratic relations are getting established between men and women. As a result of the efforts of the RPCs, interest about revolutionary reforms is increasing all over the country.
They became new study subject for the party and the people. The alternative political power that is emerging from below is laying the foundation for the united front of the four classes. It is giving confidence to the people of our country that PW is being carried on under the leadership of our party to overthrow the exploiting classes and establish new democratic political power. It is necessary to intensify efforts to develop these budding RPCs. They must be strengthened so that they can fulfill the dreams of the Indian oppressed masses. The experiences of various revolutionary movements in building political power must be applied to the concrete conditions here.
Mass organizations must play a crucial role in this effort where RPCs have been formed. The efforts of mass organizations must be principal in spheres such as production, development, medicine, education, propaganda and culture. People’s political power can prosper only by drawing the strength of the vast masses.
-A Decade March of PLGA 2010