People’s War in India Clippings 15/1/2016

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4 naxals killed in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur: Police

Four naxals were killed in a gun battle with the security forces today in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Bijapur district, police said. Police had received a tip off of presence of naxals in the region after which a team of security forces was dispatched to nab them. When the team reached between Kamkanar and Poddejojer villages, the ultras opened indiscriminate firing at them, Additional DG (anti-Naxal operations) R K Vij told PTI. Post the attack by naxals, police opened retaliatory firing, the senior officer said, adding, the ultras fled the spot after the skirmish which lasted for about an hour.

When police inspected the area, bodies of four naxals, arms and ammunition like hand grenade were recovered from the site, Vij said. The team is still at the spot and the process of retrieving the bodies is on, he said, adding that more information will be available once the team returns. As many as seven naxals have been killed so far this month in Bijapur. Earlier, an LOS commander was killed on January 6, while two women ultras were gunned down in a joint operation of the state and Maharashtra Police on January 11.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/4-naxals-killed-in-chhattisgarh-s-bijapur-police-116011500630_1.html

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Combing intensified in Maoists-hit areas: DGP Koraput:

Director General of Police KB Singh said combing operations would be intensified in Maoist-hit areas by adopting special warfare techniques to counter the growing Maoist violence in the areas. Reviewing the law and order situation arising out of Maoist violence in Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Kalahandi, Rayagada and Nuapada with senior police officers here Friday, the DGP said tactful operations in Maoist-hit areas bordering Chattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh were needed to check Naxal activities.

http://www.orissapost.com/combing-intensified-in-maoists-hit-areas-dgp/

Dist admn to relaunch Operation Vishwas this year in Aurangabad

Aurangabad: Crediting the decline in Naxal violence cases in 2015 to Operation Vishwas, the Aurangabad district administration is all set to relaunch the drive this year. Only three cases of Naxal-related incidents were reported in Aurangabad in 2015 compared to 51 in 2013 and 42 in 2014. During the year-long anti-Naxal operation, 56 Maoists were arrested and three hardcore Naxals surrendered before the police. Several weapons, including hand grenades and cartridges, were recovered from the possession of the arrested Maoists.

Cops also nabbed 12 persons for supplying ration to the ultras. “Use of the latest unmanned aerial vehicles like drones and Netra reduced Maoist activities,” said Aurangabad SP Babu Ram, adding the police would continue its anti-Naxal drive this year too. The SP directed the security personnel to carry out 24X7 search operations in Maoist-hit areas.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Dist-admn-to-relaunch-Operation-Vishwas-this-year-in-Aurangabad/articleshow/50581936.cms?

Maoists kill youth on charges of being police informer

Maoist ultras allegedly killed a tribal youth on charges of being a police informer in Koraput district last night, police today said. The deceased villager has been identified as Rohini Nachika (35) of Borgipalli village, bordering Andhra Pradesh, under Narayanpatna police limits. Sources said around midnight yesterday, around 25 to 30 armed Maoists barged into Nachika house and slit his throat. Through letters left at the crime spot, the Maoists have alleged that Nachika was punished as he was working as a police informer.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/maoists-kill-youth-on-charges-of-being-police-informer-116011500455_1.html

Former sarpanch anti-people: Maoists

Ten days after killing former Sarpanch of Jerrela and Director of the Chintapalli Market Committee Sagina Venkataramana, the banned CPI (Maoist) gave the reason for its act saying that people considered him anti-people. It also demanded some Telugu Desam and BJP leaders by name and asked them to quit their party and posts and join the agitation against bauxite mining plans of the government. Venkataramana was killed by the Maoists on Jan. 5 at his village. In a letter sent to reporters in Agency area, the Korukonda area committee of the CPI (Maoist) said in 2008 Venkataramana when he was the Sarpanch had forged the signatures of the Gram Panchayat and prepared a resolution in favour of bauxite mining.

Now the TDP was trying to make use of the resolution to go ahead with bauxite mining, the Maoists’ letter claimed. The party alleged that Venkataramana projected himself as anti-bauxite mining crusader but was actually gathering support to the mining proposal. The party alleged that BJP leader Lokula Gandhi, TDP leaders M. Manikumari, Mukkala Mahesh, B. Nagaraju, M.V.V. Prasad and others were trying to deceive the people by their anti-bauxite mining stand. If they were sincere they should quit their parties and demand scrapping of GO No. 97, it said.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/former-sarpanch-antipeople-maoists/article8109454.ece

Bihar police to purchase chopper for anti-Red ops

Patna: The anti-Maoist operations in state are set to be augmented with the Bihar police planning to purchase a chopper for the use of security personnel. The chopper will help reduce time in providing air support to security forces carrying out combing operations in Maoist-hit areas. ADG (law and order) Alok Raj said modalities for purchase of the chopper were being finalised. “We have decided to borrow one of the three choppers the Centre has provided to Jharkhand till we get our own,” the ADG added.

“Technical issues like recruitment of pilot, hangar, maintenance and budget are being discussed before the purchase of the chopper. It will be stationed at Gaya hangar. The helicopter will also be helpful for police personnel on law and order duty,” the ADG said. He added that the chopper will drop commandos in Maoist-dominated areas, especially when an encounter takes place. “It will also be used to airlift injured jawans and shift them to hospitals. Security officials can use the chopper to reach the trouble spots during important operations,” he said. “Gaya hangar has been chosen to station the chopper because anti-Maoist operations are mainly conducted in southern part of the state.

Dense forest and hilly terrain make it difficult for security personnel to take quick action,” the ADG said. “We can’t land the chopper everywhere from security point of view. In Chhattisgarh, the ultras also target choppers used by security personnel. Construction of helipad in police lines and CRPF camps will ensure safe landing of the chopper,” the ADG added. Chief minister Nitish Kumar had recently said all police lines in the state will be equipped with helipads.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Bihar-police-to-purchase-chopper-for-anti-Red-ops/articleshow/50597318.cms

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Internationalist fighters in Rojava call on youth to join Bakur’s resistance

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Internationalist combatants fighting in the ranks of YPG/YPJ (People’s/Women’s Defense Units) have released a statement saluting the self-rule resistance in Bakur (North) Kurdistan. Revolutionaries called upon the youths to join the resistance alongside the YPS (Civil Defense Units) and guerrilla forces.

The press conference by internationalist combatants was held at the border between Qamislo city of Rojava and Nusaybin town of Bakur Kurdistan. The statement in Kurdish, Spanish, German and English also called upon youths worldwide to support the Kurdistan revolution.

The press release by revolutionaries from Germany, France and Spain is as follows;

“We are revolutionaries from all over the world who have come to Kurdistan out of their own free will to join the struggle for liberation.

We are living in a time of constant emergency. While at the heart of the Leviathan the enemy continues to numb, stupefy and enslave the people in the most thorough and wicked way, the fringes are lost in war. Today the oppression of 500 years of capitalism lives on in countless forms.

The rulers know no limits when it comes to securing their wealth and pursuing their interests. If we look at all the news of a single day it is easy to simply drown in despair. And that is exactly the point. We are to believe that there is no alternative, that the system we live in is the only option. When the soviet union collapsed it was said that we are at “the end of history”. But now, 25 years later, we see once more that capitalism isn’t and never has been able to solve our problems. On the contrary, every so-called solution has only multiplied the existing problems.

The system thrives on oppression. The oppressors need us. They cannot exist without us, but we can without them. Slavery, war and sorrow, loneliness and despair are neither fate nor coincidence, they are inevitable characteristics of a capitalist society. It is therefore our most urgent duty to organize against it. As much as they try to overwhelm our conscience and plant their truth in our hearts – we will not be deceived any longer. The alternative exists, right in front of our eyes.

For more than 40 years the resistance of the PKK against the occupiers, most notably the Turkish state, has never faltered. The PKK fight for freedom and autonomy, not just for Kurds but for all peoples of the Middle East. 4 years ago the fire caught in the western part of Kurdistan called Rojava, which was then liberated from the Syrian occupation. Rojava’s people self-organized, leading to a full-scale social revolution. Everywhere they founded councils and communes for local administration, and cooperatives as basis for a new economy. The historical resistance that was put up to defend the revolution, the fight of the guerilla; liberation of women, radical democracy and ecology as foundation of an alternative society – these are our hopes in the 21st century. We draw courage and belief from the revolution in Kurdistan.

The situation right now is very critical. The war in Northern Kurdistan, the part occupied by Turkey, has been raging for half a year. The attack on the guerrilla-controlled territories by theTurkish occupation forces on 24th of July was answered by the people by declarations of Democratic Autonomy in many areas in Northern Kurdistan. They built up communes and local councils, just like in Rojava. Led by the YDGH and YDGK youth and young women’s movement the people organized their self-defense and erected barricades in their neighborhoods. The Turkish state saw this as a threat to its authority that had for the last years merely existed symbolically in the Kurdish regions and attacked with uninhibited brutality.

For months now the people, most notably the revolutionary youth, have been resisting against the second-biggest army of NATO. Heavy fighting continues in the cities of Cizîre, Silopya, Nisêbîn, Kerboran, Şirnex, Gever and the Sûr and Farqîn neighborhoods of Amed.

During the winter months the snow limits very much the movement of the guerrilla. This is why the enemy does everything in his power to break the will of the people before spring. In the 90ies the state burned down thousands of villages to separate the population from the guerrilla and force the people to become refugees. Today they attempt the very same, attacking civilians with tanks, helicopters and heavy artillery.

Everyday there is news of children, youths and whole families massacred by state forces. The state has send thousands of its best troops and heavy weaponry into the Kurdish regions to quell the revolutionary insurrection. The occupation forces have decreed curfews in all Kurdish cities, cut off water and electricity and keep spreading anti-Kurdish propaganda while heavily censoring all Turkish media outlets. But despite all this the people have stood up to all intimidation attempts and fight everyday with unwavering courage and conviction in the streets of north Kurdistan. Recently the civil defense units YPS, modeled after the Rojavan YPG, have been built up to support this resistance.

We congratulate the creation of the YPS and send our warmest greetings and respect to the YDGH. Many of our comrades have fallen in this struggle. Their memory gives us strength and their sacrifice will not have been in vain. We will carry on the flame of revolution with all our heart and mind. Our place is here, side by side with our comrades, fighting for a free Kurdistan and Middle East.

We call on all revolutionaries worldwide – join the resistance. This is not the time to sit at home and ponder what might be. We are building and defending the future now. We call for resistance and solidarity. Rise against the imperialist forces. Attack the institutions of the Turkish state all over the world. Come to Kurdistan and join the forces of YPJ, YPS and the guerrilla!”

Via ANF News

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CRISIS OF “CHINESE MODEL” AND THE “REFORMS”-AND

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THE ANATOMY OF CHINA´S EXPORTS

In the preceding part, we have seen the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist position and viewpoint on bureaucratic capitalism to understand the development of foreign direct investment (FDI) and bureaucrat capitalism in this region of the world. After that, we related the China´s FDI growth with the increasing subjugation of the Chinese economy to foreign imperialist capital requirements, becoming a “global maquila” or, as called also by the imperialist press, the “global export platform”.

About that, we have to see the specific nature of the imperialist capital exports to China, its difference from the capital export to other imperialist countries, which has to do with that fact that it is an imperialist country with late development, most backward in terms of capitalism development, resulting from the destruction of a more advanced economy, the socialist economy, with which China was overcoming centuries of backwardness. As for its backwardness, it shows a similar situation as that of the imperialist Russia before the Bolshevik Revolution in comparison to more advanced imperialist countries, as Lenin observed well. Therefore, FDI has targeted China in the two previous decades in volumes that have beaten all records. Thus the imperialist finance capital has disputed the exact dominance over this economic territory. Lenin said about this: “The capital exporting countries have divided the world among themselves in the figurative sense of the term. But finance capital has led to the actual division of the world “(40).

That is the “secret” of the “economic miracle” of the revisionist China. Therefore, the historical comparison does not corresponds to the Japan and Germany´s case because of their latter development, they were a young capitalism with respect to France and England (old capitalism), hence that they exceeded them before the First World War. It is very important to point out all of this, to crush all the false information that the ROL repeats at home and abroad, to convey a distorted view of the international situation, to combat its impact in our ranks.

The imperialist finance capital was poured into China (41) and set in it an important link for its monopolistic networks, to obtain super profits by using china as an “export platform” and that is how the actual occupation of this economic territory has been. But that does not satisfy or satiate the domination appetite of the imperialist finance capital; it has its eye put on the Chinese domestic market, as a new market that is opening for them. That’s why it increasingly pushes the revisionist bosses. The Imperialist dispute grows – through their investments and the establishment of their monopolies -, the imperialist countries seek to beat the competition to take the advantage position cognizant of the development of this “potential huge market.” At the same time, US imperialism and its other rivals, never lay down its plans to divide China and will continue trying to boost the internal forces to dissociate and subvert this vast country fraught with contradictions.

THE REVISIONIST INVEST ABROAD BECAUSE OF THEIR CLASS CHARACTER AND THE DELAY OF THE ECONOMY

It is a “potential” market because it still doesn’t have no effective demand comparable to the size of its population: because of low incomes and restrained consumption (high savings rate). This becomes a negative phenomenon because it is subtracted from the internal reproduction process. In addition, the so-called national saving has had a large increase in the last two decades, but instead of using it to develop the economy and life of the masses, ie in the productive and households consumption, the revisionists in the state and economy power use it for financial speculation of all kinds, such as buying US Treasuries bonds.

Bourgeois economists confirm that China cannot invest this great mass of money at home because of the backwardness of the economy does leave a place for it (42). It´s economy is so irrational that even before the 2008 crisis; it had problems of overinvestment in different industries, resulting in a large idle capacity and therefore lower productivity. The most striking example is the real estate industry, which has been described as the “Titanic of the Chinese economy,” referring to the large and most modern cruise of early twentieth century, which sank on its maiden voyage.

The truth is that, as they are imperialists, these revisionists thugs, are not going to invest that abundant capital in the development of the country and the welfare of the masses, but it will be exported looking for super-profits and buying US Treasuries bonds to keep the relationship dollar-Remin in benefit of their exports, with which they increase their imperialist rent, the parasitism.

All that we have said concerning China and its rightful place on the world stage as an imperialist country is confirmed by what was addressed on this regard on the last congress of the Chinese revisionist party and the new plans of the Chinese government to “stop the exportation model” to look for the expansion of domestic consumption. This, as Chairman Gonzalo teaches us, constitutes a political proof.

It is necessary to note that after the Teng´s anti-communist coup, China began the “reforms of the market economy” against the socialist planned economy, which have developed over a long period and ” firmly took place in the early 90s; Deng Xiaoping’s “southern tour” is a noticeable mark in the economic reforms in China. Such an event took place in 1992. “(43)

The revisionist party new leader, just installed, traveled to the US and the countries of the EU, for what reason? To reassure to the other imperialists that in the Chinese economic policy there won´t be any fundamental changes. As we have said, by class nature the Chinese social imperialists are not on behalf of investing the large earned profits in the development of agriculture, in the balanced development of the country and in meeting the masses´ needs, on the contrary, each time they dismiss more people from the countryside to the cities through economic and extra economic means, to concentrate large armies of cheap to increase competition among workers in favor of the imperialist capital; as all other imperialist they export their capital to more profitable locations for speculative imperialist super profits overseas.

In the face of the exhaustion of their “exportation model”, the Chinese social imperialists are seeking to reorganize and develop its banking, finance and general services sector. That is the core of the current “economic reforms” that the revisionists, usurping the CPC, have launched, this has been said by diverse analysts.

Pondering on information:

“With the ‘economic liberalization’ during the 80s, the Chinese leaders established special economic zones in areas such as Shenzhen” (…) where the materials and components imports free of customs duties was authorized. That was a great success (…) to meet the global demand for inexpensive clothing and toys, made in China, in the global workshop “.(44)

We comment: This led China to its dependence on the world market and its crisis, as a link of the world imperialist monopolies’ chain, as the current “exportation model” of assembled products and raw materials -and in turn importer of intermediate products and raw materials, which has meant big profits for a handful of the large native and foreign bourgeoisie and has brought great calamities for the vast majority of the proletariat and people, a great deformation of the social-imperialist country´s economy and its economic dependence on the more powerful imperialist countries. It’s important to remember that the social imperialist Soviet Union became dependent on oil and gas exports since the late fifties and importer of industrial products and technology (FDI) and then definitely sank.

Naturally, this is from the Marxist-Leninist- Maoist Chairmen Gonzalo´s Thought point of view and position, contrary to that presented by the bourgeois economists in charge of the imperialist propaganda about the benefits of “globalization,” especially of that group linked to one big investment banks, who in early 2000s created the acronym BRIC (after BRICS) which then was repeated by imperialist propaganda throughout the world, by its bureaucratic capitalism servants in our countries and revisionism worldwide.

Of these, the new revisionism, whose main representatives are the rats of both ROLs, as the sworn enemies of Chairman Gonzalo and Gonzalo Thought, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, mainly Maoism worldwide, who keep repeating that imperialist propaganda despite that reality has shown all its falsity, when its content is questioned even by imperialism economists, off course linked to the interests of another imperialist investment bank, Morgan Stanley (45). It is important to read it, because it makes an accurate assessment of the Chinese economy growth prospects in the medium and long term.

ON CHINESE “EXPORT MODEL” AND PLACE IN THE IMPERIALIST CAPITAL WEBS

For everyone it is clear that this “model” is already worn out. So the Chinese revisionists are forced to “reforms” that are nothing more than to “complete” the model followed up to the date. It the scape forward.

The general opinion of the bourgeoisie economists on the future of the Chinese economy, whether they are Keynesian or monetarist, is similar. For example, a supposed neo-Keynesians manifesto argues that, to save the imperialist world economy, free market must be combined with the expansive state intervention in the economy and about the ‘model’ followed by China they say:

The global crisis that began in 2008 with a prolonged recession in many parts of the world and low growth in others, which continues today, was shown “the limits of that model” and “the impossibility to lead a sustained growth”(46)

Others, like the note of Wall Street Journal add:

“While the plan for Shanghai´s FTZ (Free Trade Zone, our note) remains vague, it essentially combines four existing similar areas in the city and adheres some services liberalization (…) the old gradual regional experimentation program of 80 is little adapted to today challenges. A strong reform agenda is what is needed now.”b (47)

This means that for the US´ finance capital media, the situation in China is at least difficult, they cannot go halfway. That’s why it is necessary to make out China’s exports anatomy. Which has to do with the Chinese global economic role in the global economy, as a link in the chain of the greatest monopolies, “within the global production networks “as” export platform “, which explains more than a thousand words the “Chinese economic miracle” and its fall it explains why China acts as it does on the world stage.

For which we must begin with the relationship between exports and imports and FDI, through the data explaining the general situation, as in the following quote (48):

“The data summarized in Table 5 demonstrate the crucial role of the assembly operations into global production networks in expanding exports of machinery from China. The ratio of components in the overall import of machinery from China increased from 32.5% in 1992/3 to 63.4% in 2004/5, with the import share of the three ICT products * (** SITC 75, 76 and 77) recorded a much faster growth. By contrast, the (total exports less components) final goods continue to dominate the composition of exports. In the last decade, the percentage of finished goods in total machinery exports has remained around 75%, with only small changes from year to year. Given the fact that the production of parts and components is usually more capital intensive – and final assembly technology, these figures clearly show that China’s export success so far has been largely supported by its comparative advantage in the production International. Semiconductors and microprocessors are what best exemplify China’s reliance on imported components. China has surpassed the United States and Japan to become the world’s largest market for semiconductors in large part because they are assembled in electronics and technology products information industry exported in large volumes. In 2004, imports from China accounted for one third of global semiconductor production of 213 billion US-dollar (SIA 2005). If components, over 80% of total exports of Chinese-made exported by China are not taken into account it may still be treated as derived from the abundance of labor.

In sum, the mere fact of rapid growth of assembled final goods exports in highly fragmented high-tech industries does not necessarily imply that China is rapidly gaining maturity as a sophisticated high-tech exporting country. In a context where international fragmentation of production is becoming a symbol of economic globalization, the classification of final commodities by factor intensity is not the same as the classification of the production process occurring in these countries by factor intensity. The ongoing process of production fragmentation and China’s increased integration into global production networks as an assembly center has opened up opportunities for other countries in the region to benefit from China’s rapid export expansion as participants in these networks. ”

* Information and communication technology (ICT): information technology and communication.

** Standard International Trade Classification SITC: Standard International Trade Classification

On the Chinese “comparative advantage” – the factor intensity, this is the factor “abundance of labor”, “low cost of the average wage” – its outlook is not rosy, which explains very well the policy of the Chinese revisionists to accelerate the expulsion of the rural population:

“The population in China is simply too big and too rapidly aging for its economy to continue growing as rapidly as before. Since over 50% of the population now lives in cities, China is approaching what economists call “Lewis turning point”: that moment when the surplus labor in rural areas of a country practically runs out. Such depletion is derived from both the intense migration to cities over the past 2 decades and the diminished workforce, which has shrunk due to the only-child policy … “(49).

On the “Chinese miracle” – FDI and “comparatively advantage”-, we read in another report:

“According to statistics, about 88 percent of high technology (HT) exports were produced by foreign-invested firms in the China, suggesting that China has emerged as an export platform not only for traditional labor intensive products, but also high-technology goods.

China has been recognized as the world’s oldest factory for intensive labor product as toys, shoes, dresses, etc., and now emerges as a leading exporter of high technology goods. The high-tech industries are the sources of high-value added jobs “(50).

In the quote above, we emphasize the role of FDI in high-tech exports and in a subsequent quote we will see the importance of FDI in foreign trade and in the whole Chinese economy.

In this report, on the relationship of Chinese exports to the imperialist countries and Chinese imports from the countries of Asia bureaucratic capitalism, the following facts are mentioned:

“Empirical analysis indicates that the impact of China’s ICT exports on the six Asian exporters differ across countries and products. Singapore and Philippines suffered the most when Chinese exports grew. These two countries were also affected more severely by China’s expansion into the markets of both Japan and the US. The Korean and Malaysian exports were also adversely affected. Intensified competition from China’s rising ICT exports may be one of the reasons for the shrinking market shares of these Asian countries. The relocation of production capacity into China by the multinational enterprises of these countries may be another reason. China has become an integral part of the production network in Asia, and many multinational enterprises have utilized China as their export platform to global markets. They import parts and components in to China, assemble these intermediate inputs there, and finally export the final products to the rest of world. Thus, the diminishing market shares of these countries, even in association with the expansion of Chinese exports, may be the result of the relocation of production rather than the crowding-out effect. In fact, while China enjoys a huge ICT trade surplus with the US and Japan, it also experiences deficits with respect to Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand (Figure 3). The rising Chinese exports apparently affected the exports of these countries negatively in the third market, but enhanced their exports to China. The effect of rapid Chinese exports on a particular country should be evaluated in a more comprehensive framework.”(51)

So what the cited above report says is that the American and Japanese ICT companies moved production to China, because of the comparative advantage offered, so the export of the final goods grew from China to these imperialist countries and also therefore decreased the intermediate inputs imports for ICT goods production from these imperialist countries to Korea, Malaysia, Philippines and Singapore, while the Chinese imports of these inputs from these same countries of the Third World increased. About the production relocation to China or other countries, including the Third World, we must keep in mind that this movement is not in one way but also reverses.

To get an accurate idea of Chinese economic development, it is important to consider not only its “export success”, but its relation to imports, content of imported inputs to see if they express an internal development or is only an intermediation. In addition, it serves to establish the weight that the Chinese international trade has in its entire economy, “the sum of imports plus exports of goods and services exceeds 70% of GDP”. Which determines the country´s tariff policy, “between 1992 and 2002 the average tariff (weighted) decreased from 40.6% to 6.4%,” according to an article published in the “Journal Papers of the East” from de UCM (52 ) .The revisionists don´t apply a protectionist economic policy to develop its own industry, but economic openness.

In the same article cited, we have a calculation of the sum of FDI, exports and abundant and cheap labor; in comparison to the whole economy:

“Regarding FDI, since the year 1993 that it exceeded 20,000 million, the inflow of foreign investment has only grown more, reaching 72,400 million in 2005 (second largest recipient), historical record, and an accumulated investment stock (until 2006) of no less than 600,000 million (third worldwide). Among the factors that attract international capital highlights its robust economic growth, the size and potential of its domestic market, and especially its international competitiveness in labor costs, given the abundant and cheap Chinese labor (AFI, 2006, p . 33; ECLAC, 2006, p 54;. Bustelo, 2006a, p.1) .The foreign businesses presence is so important in the Chinese economy that it generates 19% of the total production (figure that increases to 33% if you take into account the joint ventures), and almost 50% of foreign trade. According to official estimates, foreign companies, representing only 3% of existing national companies, contribute 28.5% of industrial added value, 20.5% of tax revenues, 87, 9% of high-tech exports and 58% of the Chinese exports “(53).

While China, in about the same time, became the 5th capital exporter imperialist country after France.

There is no need for us to add more comments to these quotes about “China’s export success”, we just want to remind the reader the “Ornellas” study (54), quoted in part on the US imperialism hegemony, that made reference to the economic significance of the high-tech products export to China and, on “opportunities for other countries in the region,” it is necessary to keep in mind what was described on bureaucratic capitalism and specifically on Southeast Asia.

FINANCE CAPITAL LEADS THE CONCRETE WORLD PARTITION

Before proceeding we must say: Bourgeois economists and their repeaters call the path taken by direct imperialist investment, especially since the early 60s of the century, “production fragmentation and dispersion process “, To further develop the monopolies’ “holding system” at a national and international level (as we have seen in the parts corresponding to the development of bureaucratic capitalism in the world).

They use these buzzwords of “fragmentation” or “dispersion” trying to make us believe that this is a power decentralization process of the internationally big monopolies. But the reality is that it’s about an apparent decentralization in order for a greater power centralization and concentration of the imperialist monopolies worldwide, the highest concentration of the livelihood and production means in a few hands.

Thus, in a tough contest among them, a small number of large monopolistic octopus extend their tentacles, their so called “networks” or chains, rivet ties with new nodes or links, deepening the penetration and dominion of the farthest corners of the terrestrial globe and thereby heightening the contradictions due to the struggle among monopolies and the greater oppression and plunder of the vast majority of the Earth´s population.

This process occurred first and foremost in the automotive industry. Then, it occurred in the production of intermediates for the subsequent production of final electronics and telecommunications products. In this process the production is no longer concentrated in a factory but has been dispersed into its components, which are manufactured by affiliates or independent companies; but subject to the large automotive or electronics companies, etc., as an intra-sectorial production.

For example, the big monopolies, directly or through banks, with state support, organize small and medium companies to manufacture auto parts for major automotive companies in Germany (suppliers), which are simply big capital agents (intra-sectorial or in many cases inter-sectorial commercial chain in a country or the EU) . In other cases, some of these parts suppliers are also monopolistic companies operating globally and intertwine with other monopolies, as the German Bosh, who is testing a fully automatic car. Or again, components or parts are made by different companies in different countries mainly from a region of the world such as North America or the European Union (also intra-sectorial international trade).

Another example of this is the Volvo, based in Sweden, whose car parts are made in different companies in different countries, almost all from Europe and some from North America and a few from Japan.

All of which is always under the general principle of the apparent decentralization for greater power centralization and concentration of the imperialist monopolies. As stated by Lenin, who also established that the competition, the struggle among the monopolies does not exclude agreements, compromises, entanglement, etc., among them. These partnerships and agreements take multiple ways to eliminate other from the market.

Specifically, it ” is presented as one way of production streamlining to cheapen costs (mainly labor, leveraging the so called comparative advantage); another “dispersion” economic factor has to do with the currencies course due to the collapse of the Bretton Woods monetary system in 1973 (anchored to the gold standard monetary system) and the transition to a floating exchange rate monetary system (“competitive monetary progress”); and the need for wider markets for the ” scale economy “, the latter one was observed by Chairman Gonzalo when studying the early ’70s bureaucratic capitalism , see above when referring to the Velasco government’s fascist economic policy. Large-scale production and profits maximization of the largest monopolists that surpasses the national borders.

This dispersion occurs through capital exports, like FDI; thus moving the production of some intermediate inputs for final goods to some Third World countries. As in the case at hand, transferring production mainly to Asia for their final assembly in China and sold as cheap products, mainly for the imperialists market in North America, Europe and Japan (because of the imperialism necessity to keep a low wage in their countries, among other reasons).

Hübner observes in the cited work, in the part referring to bureaucratic capitalism, about the European Union process:

“So it could had been very attractive, as for example – due to the collapse of the Bretton Woods world monetary system and the transition to a competitive exchange rate despite the existence of the fixed- term currency market – for a large number of companies to avoid the risks of monetary exchange rate through the production localization in the same place of sale. With this, the potential scale economies associated with the market size, could again be necessary and give economic sense to the production dispersion process, where in the case of small national economies or too small national economic spaces, dispersion is the corporeal form taken by foreign direct investment, while in the case of large national economic spaces- as you can think of in USA- must be easily counted as a domestic investment “(55).

That is why is false to argue that this “dispersion” process, which is considered by imperialism ´s economists as the ” globalization core” leads to a new international division of labor, based on an independent industrialization of the Third World. They generalize for the entire global economy, “as the main sign of globalization”, the particular domination form taken by the imperialist monopolies, mainly in a region, ie in the regional market organized by the imperialist capital exportation to Asia, under the control of US imperialism in closed dispute with Japanese imperialism, follow by the other imperialists. While in the NAFTA and EU countries, the intermediate products exports or ‘vertical production dispersion “has other features. But in any case, this process has not only aggravated the imperialist oppression of the Third World countries who remain debtors of imperialist finance capital and remain mainly raw material and industrial “maquila” products exporters, intermediate inputs that imperialism permits or drives. For as Lenin says. “… Naturally, the country which exports the capital skims the cream” (56).

So, with the so called “new international division of labor”, imperialism´s representatives, intended to hide the redoubled imperialist oppression of our countries, but the reality busts in their face and after many digressions and data to conceal the true sense all this, they will end up admitting in other words, that this “scattering process” has led to concrete partition of the world economic territory by the imperialist finance capital, as when he says:

“The result suggests the existence of three major groups of economies in the global trade of intermediate products: NAFTA, EU and Asia including East Asia (Japan, Korea and China) and ASEAN economies …” (57). Which we will see below in greater detail.

Lenin, deeply permeated by the significance of these changes that were operating in this historical stage, pointed out its historical sense as follows:

“Ownership of shares, the relations between owners of private property “interlock in a haphazard way”. (what is now called vertical production dispersion to form the global value chains, our note) (…) But underlying this interlocking, its very base, are the changing social relations of production. When a big enterprise assumes gigantic proportions, and, on the basis of an exact computation of mass data, organizes according to plan the supply of (…) when the raw materials are transported in a systematic and organized manner to the most suitable places of production, when a single center directs all the consecutive stages of processing the material right up to the manufacture of numerous varieties of finished articles; when these products are distributed according to a single plan among tens and hundreds of millions of consumers (…) then it becomes evident that we have socialization of production, and not mere “interlocking”, that private economic and private property relations constitute a shell which no longer fits its contents, a shell which must inevitably decay if its removal is artificially delayed, a shell which may remain in a state of decay for a fairly long period (if, at the worst, the cure of the opportunist abscess is protracted), but which will inevitably be removed”(58).

Imperialism is decaying, sinking irretrievably worldwide and will inevitably be buried by the global revolution through people’s wars that will be fused into one great stream, into a worldwide people’s war.

(To Be Continued)

_________________________________

 Notes

40. Lenin: The imperialists, Highest Stage of Capitalism, Zurich, 1916.

41. “(…) from 1980 to 2010, global FDI grew 21 times, while world trade increased sixfold, respectively (Calculation based Authir report UNTAD http://unctad.org). According to the estimates of international and consulting firms institutions, India was recognized as one of the most preferred investment in the world with China and the United States … of 2005-2009, destinations India ranked second in the list of most favored FDI after China “countries. The above quote is from “Investment in the Indo-Korea CEPA, Saon Ray and Neetika By Kaushal, edition of Korea-India Deepening Partnership for the 21st Century, Editors Parthasarathi Shome & Choong Yong Ahn, KIEP Korea Institute for International Economic Policy . Korean Economy in Transition Toward an Advanced Economy: Prospects and Challenges by Choong Yong Ahn and Kyttack Hong ”

42. Korean Economy in Transition Toward an Advanced Economy: Prospects and Challenges by Choong Yong Ahn and Kyttack Hong, p. . 111 ff, from which we quote:

“Global Balance of imbalances of the country. Most analysts now believe that the global economic crisis of 2008 obviously had its roots in the financial crisis of the 90s, had deep structural roots in the persistent global economic imbalances. These imbalances established a vicious unsustainable circle and, if not corrected, the global economy will remain vulnerable to frequent clashes. The key features of global imbalances can be summarized as follows.:

a. The US economy, along with other major Western economies, has a deficit of large and persistent current account, reflecting the weak domestic savings.

b. This deficit corresponds to the surplus from three main channels: i. Emerging markets, especially China, has excess savings and correspondingly large current account surplus. ii. The oil-exporting countries are saturated with funds that cannot absorb nationwide. They also have current account surplus and excess savings.iii. To a lesser extent, metals exporting countries are in a similar situation.

The US current account, which measures the investment savings balance has been in deficit since 1992-1997, thereafter their growth was modest but grew steadily, reaching a peak of nearly 6% of GDP in 2006. The savings rate in the US fell steadily in the following years. The financial system had the job of recycling the money lenders. Inevitably, credit became cheaper and savings declined. In the US, savings dropped from around 10% of disposable income in 1970 to 1% after 2005%.

Therefore, this is accompanied by a high demand for foreign exchange reserves. Many Asian countries consider that although they have an excess of savings today, they want to invest in foreign exchange reserves and do not have to deal with a sudden capital flight as something similar to what is experienced in the 1990s crisis.

The excess savings in China is partly the result of China’s exchange rate policy. Buying large amounts of dollars serves to maintain weak the national currency, promotes exports and reduce domestic spending. The result is a high level of net national saving, much of which ends up in the central bank’s foreign reserves. The US, Britain and other deficit countries have shown a high appetite for cheap credit from abroad.

All countries that produce manufactured goods as China, or oil or metals, have excess savings, which led them to seek ways of safe and liquid investment abroad and national financial instruments are neither large nor sufficiently developed to absorb such large amounts of savings in excess. Caballero (2011) and Caballero, Farhi and Gourinchas (2008) have argued: that the emerging countries cannot create enough trustworthy saving vehicles to keep up with the pace of economic growth, financial markets are immature. So the United States are largely preferred a wide range of liquid markets for titles destination. Emerging markets need title insurance which has led them to export capital to the US The interaction between the two proved fatal. Following a strong external demand for AAA-rated assets, the financial system became creative. Marginal home loans were packaged into securities supposedly safe. Credit supply raised prices and stimulated a boom in residential construction, which filled the gap in demand left by weak business investment.

These loans went bad and accumulated losses. At the same time, banks had left very little capital to protect themselves against unexpected losses, leaving banks helplessly as when the race for the redemption of financial assets began. The attraction for liquid capital inflows was because the US provides reliable and liquid assets that cannot be found at home. This establishes a dynamic flow where the surplus of a bloc serves to finance the deficits of others. The problem is that persistent and large imbalances poses problems of sustainability and recurrent falls. ”

43. “Causes of International Fragmentation of Production”, Russel H. Hillberry, University of Melbourne, on “Global Value Chain” in Trade Policy Rechearch, Canada, 2011.

44. The Wall Street Journal, October 1, 2013, p. 28.

45. Ruchir Sharma *, “The BRIC fell down? Why “the world” stopped its ascent? “. * Director of Emerging Markets and Global Macroeconomics at Morgan Stanley Investment Management, and author of Breakout Nations: In Pursuit of the Next Economic Miracles.

46. “Act now! The Global Manifesto for the Salvation of the Economy “by Flassbeck, Davidson, Galbraith and others, Editorial Westend, Frankfurt / Main 2013.

47. The Wall Street Journal, quoted above.

48. Prema-chandra Athukorala , April 2008, Working Paper No. 2008/04, The Arndt-Corden Division of Economics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies ANU (Australian National University College of Asia and the Pacific. P. 10

49. The Brics fell down…?

50. Xing, Yuqing, China’s exports in ICT and Its impact on Asian countries country (2008), Research paper / UNU-WIDER, No. 2008.39, ISBN 978-92-9230-087-6, p. 1.

51. Xing, Yuqing (2008), cited above, p. 8 and 9.

52. Los capitalism emergences en la nueva arquitectura internacional ¿ que hay de Nuevo en la nueva division internacional del trabajo? Palazuelos, A, Revisa papeles del Este, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), 2007, p. 11.

53. Up above, p. 18.

54. Raúl Ornelas* ,LA CRISIS CAPITALISTA, ¿FIN DE LA HEGEMONÍA ESTADOUNIDENSE? UN ESTUDIO DESDE LA COMPETENCIA ENTRE EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES ,* This work is part of research project PAPIIT “Transnational corporations and natural resources in Latin America” (IN-306609-3).

55. Hübner, op cit, p. 177.

56. Lenin, op cit. p. 65.

57. “Global Value Chain: Impacts and implications, Trade Policy Research 2011” Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, Government of Canada, 2011.

58. Lenin, op. Cit. P. 86.

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People’s War in India Clippings 14/1/2016

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Imprisoned DU Professor GN Saibaba Fears Losing His Hand Due To Lack Of Treatment

In a four-page handwritten letter to the principal judge of the Gadchiroli district and sessions court, imprisoned Delhi University Professor GN Saibaba has sought special medical treatment and dietary provisions on the ground that his health is deteriorating fast. In the letter dated 5 January, and accessed by NDTV, the wheelchair-bound English professor who claims that he is 90 per cent disabled, wrote, “I have been suffering from multiple ailments of severe nature and have been taking regular treatment at the Indian Spinal Injuries Centre (ISIC), New Delhi, for my left shoulder, which was damaged seriously in prison.” Saibaba, who was on bail till 31 December 2015, has been accused of having Maoist links.

He had surrendered before the Central Jail authorities as per the directive of the Nagpur Bench of Bombay High Court. When the trial started on 27 October 2015 in the Gadchiroli Sessions Court, all the co-accused got bail except Saibaba. On 23 December, the Bench had rejected his regular bail application and directed him to surrender within 48 hours. “I need hot water to take bath and use it to control pain in my legs and back and damaged left hand. This was a facility which was extended to me earlier. Please continue with the same facility, without which I can’t survive,” wrote Saibaba, according to The Indian Express. Saibaba had developed severe problems in multiple organs, such as his heart, spinal cord, kidney, liver and gall bladder during his year-long stay at the jail. His left arm, which was functional before he went to prison, became completely paralysed due to gradual muscle death, Saibaba’s wife had claimed, according to a HuffPost India article.

Since he couldn’t use his legs, he is entirely dependent on his hands for his daily chores, she had added. “I have been continuously undergoing physiotherapy, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy and electro-magnetic therapy involving various instruments and devices,” Saibaba says in his letter. “My present incarceration has totally stopped this treatment, which is completely detrimental for my left hand. As I am 90% disabled owing to polio, both my legs don’t function. As a result; neither can I stand nor walk and I have been confined totally to a wheelchair. If I don’t get my damaged left hand treated, I will have to live with one hand, which will turn my life into an impossible task,” reported NDTV. Noted lawyer Prashant Bhushan has also called Saibaba’s case a “worst human rights violation”. Bhushan, along with lawyer and human rights activist Kamini Jaiswal have offered to argue the professor’s case.

http://www.huffingtonpost.in/2016/01/14/saibaba-jail-treatment_n_8975794.html

 

CPI Maoists float another division

Visakhapatnam: The CPI Maoists have reportedly set up another division in the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB) to regain their hold in the Srikakulam region in Andhra Pradesh, and Gunupur and Gudari forest areas and Rayagada in Odisha. The new division has been christened the Odisha-Srikakulam division, sources claimed. The banned outfit had formed a new division – Malkangiri-Koraput-Visakha (MKV) – last year with Venu as its chief. The MKV division is now involved in activities in Pedabayalu mandal and gumma area in Malkangiri and Koraput. Earlier, the Maoists had a Koraput-Srikakulam division committee after the Srikakulam district committee was wiped out in early 2000.

Now, the Koraput area has been merged with the MKV division and the remaining Srikakulam area has been included in the newly-formed Odisha-Srikakulam division, the sources said. However, this new division will not work in Sambalpur, Rourkela, Deogarh and other parts of Odisha which fall under the separate Odisha state committee led by Modem Balakrishna alias Bhaskar, the former AOBSZC secretary, they said. With the new division, the Reds are now concentrating on Palakonda and Bhamini forest areas which were once bastions of naxal activity.

“They plan to revive their old stronghold areas in north Andhra where they have been losing ground. Following the new force’s arrival in AOB from Chhattisgarh, naxals are now trying to use terror tactics to gain control,” a senior police officer involved in the anti-naxal operation in Visakha district said. Ever since a series of meetings were conducted by senior cadres including central committee leaders like Katakam Sudarsan alias Anand, Mallojula Venugopala Rao alias Sonu and CPI Maoists military commission chief Namballa Kesava Rao alais Basava Raju along with Akkiraju Haragopal alias RK in the beginning of last year in the Visakha Agency, the change in strategy of the Maoists is visible, the sources said.

They are now concentrating on setting up revolutionary people’s committees (RPCs) in the AOB areas, sources in intelligence agencies said. As part of this, commander Sunil, brother of Maoist Anand, has been visiting the Araku and Odisha border areas to strengthen the naxal movement. They are even focussing on Gurtedu area, which was also once a stronghold area of the Maoists, they added.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Visakhapatnam/CPI-Maoists-float-another-division/articleshow/50572756.cms

140 people killed in Bastar naxal violence in 2015

The Bastar region of Chhattisgarh continuous to be a hotbed of Maoist activities, with 47 security personnel losing their lives in 2015. Around 115 security men suffered serious injuries during the same time span. Forty-seven civilians were killed by the ultras in 2015, according to statistics released by Chhattisgarh police’s Anti-Naxal Operation (ANO) unit on Wednesday. The security forces managed to kill 46 Maoists and recovered 167 weapons, including an AK-47, an SLR, a 303 gun and four 9 mm pistols.

“Most of our men died in independent killings rather than during anti-Maoist operations,” R.K. Vij, the Additional Director-General (ADG) of Police, ANO told reporters here. Around 327 alleged Maoists surrendered before the police during 2015. This was the second consecutive year when a large number of Maoist surrenders were reported in Bastar. In 2014, Bastar police had claimed that 421 “Maoists” surrendered before police as compared the meagre 39 surrenders in 2013.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/140-people-killed-in-bastar-naxal-violence-in-2015/article8103681.ece

Maoist held in Palamau

Medininagar (Jharkhand), Jan 14 (PTI) A Maoist ‘sub-zonal commander’, carrying a reward of Rs five lakh on his head, was arrested during a special operation in Palamau district, a senior police officer today said. Jagnarayan Yadav alias Vishal ji, who had joined the ultra group following a land dispute, was arrested from Thekhi village in the extremist-hit district last night, Superintendent of Police, Mayur Patel told reporters. A self-loaded pistol and three rounds of ammunition were recovered from the possession of Yadav, who joined the ultra group 14 years ago, Patel said.

Over ten cases were pending against Yadav, who was also suspected to be involved in the blowing up of Harihargunj Block office in the district in December, 2011, Patel said, adding that several cases of extortion and Naxal-related cases were also pending against him in adjoining Bihar. Yadav, a native of Jangwal village under Chatarpur Police Station of Palamau, was arrested when he was in Pandu police station limits to expand his organization, he said. The Palamau district police had launched a special operation led by Additional Superintendent of Police, Kanhaiya Singh against the ultras.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/6972521_Maoist-held-in-Palamau-.html

..Meanwhile, a CPI-Maoist ‘area committee member’ identified as Vikas Parahiya who had actively worked for the Maoists for the past six years or so and was involved in several ambushes, was arrested from Chhipadohar area of Latehar District on January 12, reports The Telegraph. A rifle and cartridges were recovered from Vikas.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=1/14/2016&id=6#6

New strategy to deal with Maoists

Bhubaneswar: The state government has decided to chalk out a new strategy to check Left-wing extremism (LWE) in the state, particularly Balangir, Kalahandi, Kandhamal and Boudh districts at the unified command meeting on Wednesday. Earlier, chief minister Naveen Patnaik said LWE continues to be a major concern for the state at the senior police officers’ conference. “To tackle the Maoist menace in the state, the meeting focused on two crucial issues – strengthening intelligence gathering network and proper coordination between local police and central paramilitary force,” a senior police officer, who attended the meeting, said requesting anonymity.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhubaneswar/New-strategy-to-deal-with-Maoists/articleshow/50571634.cms

527 Maoists arrested in 2015 in Bihar

Patna: Security forces arrested 527 Maoists in 2015, which was the highest in a year since 2010. However, no arms training camp of the Reds was busted in 2014 and 2015. The Maoists had established a ‘parallel administration’ in several villages until a few years back. Bihar government had notified setting up of 85 new police stations for the 23 left wing extremism (LWE)-hit districts in Bihar. Sources said construction work of 43 of these police stations has been completed so far and the rest would be completed by March 2016.

However, the state government has sent a proposal to the Centre for setting up 40 more new police stations in the six most LWE-hit districts. As it is, government officials face a tough time convincing the villagers of different districts to be wary of Maoists. Vikas Vaibhav, who was posted as Rohtas SP and conducted the assembly election for the first time at the Rohtas Fort atop a hill, said, “We have showed the villagers that we are working for their betterment. “I have camped on the hilly terrain of Kaimur hills, where the red rebels used to hold meetings and training camps. We worked for building confidence with the villagers. Maoists used to hold medical camps in remote villages. I took doctors to such places and provided medicine to people.”

Maoists violate child rights with impunity, by forcibly taking away children to their training camps. They force the children to join them. ASP (operations), Aurangabad, Rajesh Bharti, said, “Unemployment is a major reason behind the local youth joining the Maoists. We try to set up camps in the most affected villages to keep the local youth on the right track. We recruit physically fit youths of Maoist-hit areas during our recruitment drives. Many of them are recommended for jobs as security guards to various security agencies.” “During our growing up days, nobody told us that education is important, and we took up arms. Day in and day out, we fought against the security forces. I have seen my mother dying of starvation and I do not want the same to happen to my grandchildren. My son is a Maoist, he does not come home but the security forces never believe that. I took the initiative to help the officials to open a primary school at Deo Bigha in Aurangabad,” said Narayan Bhuiya (70).

“But on many occasions, Maoists come down from hills and force us to serve them meals. Often they take away foodgrains and other ration. We have no sympathy for them but have to comply with their wishes due to fear,” said Sunil Ranjan, a teacher at Ganjoi primary school in Aurangabad.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/527-Maoists-arrested-in-2015-in-Bihar/articleshow/50568562.cms

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Against Proposed Aerial attacks on Adivasi areas-CPI (Maoist)

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COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST) DANDAKARANYA SPECIAL ZONAL COMMITTEE

Press Release 28 November, 2015

In Bastar’s Bijapur area, under the direct supervision of the top Police officials and officers of Air Force, aerial attack mock drills have been carried out, using 3 helicopters on 13th of October last. Modi’s brahmanical hindutva fascist BJP government prepared an action plan “Mission 2016” to wipe out Dandakaranya revolutionary struggle by the end of 2016 and part of it are these drills. These mock drills are part of the process to cruelly suppress maoist struggle and anti displacement mass struggles and to hand over natural wealth and resources to domestic and international Corporate Houses as early as possible. Our Party strongly condemns it and appeals to the people to oppose and raise voice against the proposed aerial attacks.

In Dandakaranya, at present, near about 1,20,000 (one lakh twenty thousand) paramilitary, police and commando forces are deployed. Carpet security is being strengthened continuously. Battalions of CRPF, CAF, CoBRA, Indo Tibetan Border Police, Border Security Force are being brought in and the process of setting up new camps in and around the proposed big mining projects, mega industrial plants, big dams, rail- lines is continuing. Thousands of billions rupees of MOU’s are being signed in Chattisgarh’s Rajnandgaon, Bastar division’s 7 districts and Maharashtra’s Gadchirolli adivasi majority areas with the aim to benefit Tata, Jindal, Essar, Neco Jaiswal, Lloyd, Adani, TPG-Texas Power Generation, etc Comprador Bureaucratic Bourgeoisie and Multi National Companies and also with the intention to benefit the above, MOU’s are signed with NMDC-National Mineral Development Corporation and SAIL-Steel Authority of India Limited.

To facilitate transportation of raw materials and goods of these companies and for the easy deployment of armed forces, Dalli-Raoghat-Jagdalpur rail-line is being laid under the strict vigil of forces. It is Proposed to build an army training school in the midst of “Abuj Maad’s” two thirds of the land which is the habitat of Maadia Adivasis- who are one of the ancient tribes. Air force bases, airports, helipads, fortified camps are being built with the armed forces’ gun point. Efforts are on to snatch lakhs of acres of land for the implimentation of these MOU’s. Conspiracy to chase away lakhs of people and rob their lands of Maadia, Muria, Halba, Batra, Durva adivasis, in addition to Mahar, Marar, Kalad, Yadav, Gando non-adivasis. Due to anti displacement mass struggles, people’s resistance and people’s war under the leadership of our party, Bodhghat, Mendki dam projects, Raoghat, Chargaon, Amdai, Tulad, Surjagad, Damkodi, etc projects; big industries stopped. Few among them could not be started for the last 25 years.

In Lohandiguda area of Bastar district, local masses with their 10 years of relentless resistance, compelled Tata to shut the proposed steel plant project. This is a great victory of heroic public. Imperialist economic and financial crisis is intensifying continuously. In this situation, Central-State governments have given top priority in their agenda to annihilate Maoist struggle at the earliest, newly shaping people’s political power organs-Krantikari Janatana Sarkar (Revolutionary People’s Committees) and to plunder country’s natural wealth at a speedy pace at any cost. Modi, who is the prime servant of domestic and foreign Corporate Houses, not only initiated but also aggressively implementing the third phase of Operation Green Hunt, which is an unjust war on people, which is continuing since 2009, to wipe out countrywide revolutionary struggle. Aerial attacks can well be understood in this context. National Security Adviser Ajit Dobhal and internal security affairs adviser Vijay Kumar visited Bastar in the first and second weeks of October.

Later, in a meeting at Raipur of top police officials and Air Force officers, the decision of aerial attacks was taken. It is appropriate to note that Modi visited Dantewada on 9th May, with the sole motives of Capital investment and Salwa Judum-2. It is well known that, in the name of “War on Terror” by the imperialists, especially by America and for their mean selfish interests, more of innocent people lost their lives than the agitators. in the Drone and Air strikes carried out in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria and other countries and Israeli attacks on Palestine. This is continuing even today. There is no need to mention separately that in Dandakaranya too, innocent adivasis and non-adivasi population will be victims of these air strikes. Well before itself, eight MI-17 helicopters, eight drones are hovering day and nights on the heads of the people of Chattisgarh. Air force’s 5 helicopters from Nagpur are also taking part in anti Naxal Operations.

Talk is on to purchase much more of such drones and helicopters in the coming days. There is a need to raise voice from all corners against the use of army and air force, which were formed to tackle threats to country from abroad than for the war on people. Steps should be taken from all sides to safeguard self respect and very self existence of adivasis. All patriots should come forward to protect country’s natural wealth and resources for our future generations.

Our Party appeals to all Maoist parties the world over, revolutionary organizations, international human rights organizations, trade unions, renowned democratic-progressive intellectuals, all the progressive, democratic intellectuals of the country, human rights organizations, activists, various adivasi and non- adivasi social organizations, workers-peasants, students, youth, artists, writers, scientists, environmentalists, teachers, employees, patriotic citizens to raise their voice against the decision of aerial attacks on Dandakaranya, i.e. Rajnandgaon, Bastar and Gadchirolli’s adivasi majority areas and to take to streets in protest.

(Vikalp)

Spokesperson,

Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee,

CPI (Maoist).

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People’s War in India Clippings 13/1/2016

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Chhattisgarh police seeks fortification of 50 police stations in Naxal-hit Bastar

RAIPUR: Chhattisgarh police has sought fortification of an additional 50 police stations in the Naxal hit areas of the state, particularly Bastar, in order to effectively counter the threat of Naxalism. These 50 fortified police stations (FPS) would be in addition to the 75 already sanctioned by the union government. While of 40 the 75 approved FPS have already been constructed in the districts of Bastar, Durg and Sarguja, 30 are under construction and are likely to be completed soon.

Talking to media Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) anti-Naxal Operations, RK Vij, said the fresh proposal has been sent as the FPS have proved to be an effective way to prevent Naxals from storming into police stations, providing a sense of security to police personnel lodged there…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/Chhattisgarh-police-seeks-fortification-of-50-policestations-in-Naxal-hit-Bastar/articleshow/50564715.cms

Police posters hardsell rebel surrender policy

Ranchi: The Jharkhand police will put up posters in Maoist-hit areas to encourage Maoists to lay down arms. “We will put up posters at public places in Red-hit villages and also at general places advertising revised Maoist surrender policy,” ADG operations and police spokesperson S N Pradhan told TOI. A police officer claimed Jharkhand’s Maoist surrender and rehabilitation policy is among India’s best. It offers one time financial compensation, children’s education, vocational training and even land grants to Maoists.

The state police recently announced Rs1crore surrender package for the state’s top three Maoists. Pradhan said Jharkhand is among the highest paying states for Maoist surrender. The amount of Rs1crore is for CPI (Maoist) central committee secretary, members and members of Maoist polit bureau. Regional committee members will get Rs15lakh, zonal committee members Rs 10 lakh, sub-zonal committee members Rs5lakh and area commander and dasta (squad) members will get Rs 2 lakh on surrender.

This policy is being sold through attractive jingles on radio channels as well. The radio jingles are in tribal languages as well as in Hindi. CRPF IG Jharkhand sector Rakesh Kumar Mishra said many Maoists have realized the futility of armed struggle. “They have lost support, cadre and weapons,” Mishra said. According to a police source, CPI(Maoist) still has more than 3,000 Maoists and around 5,000 sympathizers offering covert support, though police claim it has reversed the trends in Maoist violence on all parameters.Pradhan said there has been a huge fall in Maoist violence over the years.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Police-posters-hardsell-rebel-surrender-policy/articleshow/50560300.cms

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MFPR ITALY – COLOGNE: De te fabula narratur

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After the mass sexual violence on dozens and dozens of women in Cologne, but also in Hamburg, Frankfurt and other cities in Germany, the racist and imperialist watchdogs unleashed their war of “values”, accompanied by implemented or announced measure of closing borders or expelling refugees.

The women harassed, hunted, insulted, raped become the occasion for a war of civilization – in words – and fascist reaction – in practice – for a dirty political battle of the rightists, this time accepted by everybody, including the “supportive with immigrants” mayor of Cologne and A. Merkel.

In Cologne something very serious occurred, in a form and scale unprecedented. The fact that for new year in some European countries hundreds, thousands of men, mostly youth, come from the suburbs to the down-towns in the of the imperialist citadels for stealing, picking pockets, has already happened. It happens for example in the heart of Madrid, Puerta del Sol, where at around midnight huge number of people gather to celebrate the new year.

They are not refugees, but mostly national of those countries, inhabitants of the suburbs, the banlieues which are not only in Paris, but in every imperialist citadel; they are marginalized, discriminated, poor, who see in the new year the opportunity to grab what they can. Are they organized? Yes and no. There are many and come together in groups, but you can not say that there is one direction behind.

The problem is that in Cologne this was joined by a brutal hunt of women, massive sexual harassment, assault, offenses.

But all those who now want to turn away this from themselves, from the respectful (toward women) West should look in the mirror.

In Cologne not only patriarchal practices and ideas toward women of the “third world” appeared, but found an intensifier bedrock in the aberrant ideas of “men who hate women” in the “modern” imperialist countries, the imperialist machismo / sexism, of “civilised” bourgeois men.

These are “children” who grew up in this rotten and barbaric imperialist social system that in its dying phase increasingly produces a fascist hate against women that in turn produces, again in a “massive scale”, rapes and femicides, inside of their beautiful cities and civilians and emancipated families.

Now the police, governments, journalists must find among the assailants the refugees, while it comes out that in the gangs there were also drunk and violent “pure” Germans.

On the Manifesto, Italian newspaper, we read: “… calls to go to Cologne to ‘defend our women’ circulate on Internet”. ‘Our’, i.e. owned by German male, called to embody not their freedom, but the German ’values’. Conservative media have been insisting for months that the prevalence of young Islamic males among the refugees would have resulted in a threat for the safety of women. Politicians and political forces always stuck to traditional roles dictated by patriarchy suddenly discovered to be convinced defenders of women’s freedom. And the events in Cologne are the perfect culmination of this campaign…”.

As Pierluigi Battista writes in Corriere della Sera: “Men who assaulted as animals women celebrating the New Year in Cologne wanted to punish the freedom of their victims … considered them prey to be publicly despised and beated, those women who did use a freedom that rapists and thugs in Cologne consider unthinkable, sinful, a symbol of perversion. Women who study and work, who get married with whom they wish… women who drink and eat freely, enter the bars, make love when they choose to do so … It has been a ritual of humiliation organized, coordinated, directed to hit what is now commonly called a ‘lifestyle’ … With all due caution and sense of responsibility you should have in this kind of problems, Cologne has the same meaning as symbolic irruption that the fanatical raid against Charlie Hebdo … We have the task to defend this way of life, and consider inviolable women and their freedom.”

It is a call to arms, first in the name of the war on Islamic fundamentalism = terrorism and later on Islamic fundamentalism = violence on ‘our’ women and our ‘freedom’. They circulate a false propaganda on the freedom of women in Western countries, a “freedom” more and more full of a “modern Middle Ages” for women, attacks on the rights and dignity of women, in Italy as in Germany, as in the “most civilised” Scandinavian countries, where even novels give voice to the “clean” fascist hatred towards women, and “white” Nazi death-thirsty children are born – do you remember the massacre in Utøya on July 2011?

To all this we respond, as women:

NOT IN OUR NAME!

 

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People’s War in India Clippings 12/1/2016

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Maoist posters found at several places in Rayagada district

Rayagada, Jan. 12: Maoists posters were found on Tuesday at several places in Rayagada district. In the posters, the rebels have warned of stringent punishments to persons who are buying lands from the poor local people for various companies and other business purposes. The posters were found at Sikarpai, Kumbharguda, Krushapatraguda and Kalisundar Mandir Chhak under Sadar block. The ultras have also cautioned the agents looting money from unemployed youths promising them to provide job in government and private organizations.

http://www.prameyanews7.com/en/jan2016/odisha/11302/Maoist-posters-found-at-several-places-in-Rayagada-district-Maoist-posters-found-Odisha.htm

Cyber cafes in fringes under police lens

Pune: Cyber cafes in rural areas will soon have to install a software, provided by the Pune rural police, in their computers to help police monitor the activities of visitors and keep tab of any illegal or terror-related activities. The police have issued licences and permits to as many as 125 cyber cafes in places like Indapur, Lonavla, Khandala, Baramati, Shirur, Junnar, Khed, Manchar among others. Jay Jadhav, superintendent of police, Pune rural, said the software, which is being developed by a city-based firm, will maintain a log of all the websites visited by users on each computer. “All the cyber cafes in the district will be connected to a server, which will be hosted at the Pune rural police headquarters.

The data collected will be checked by police officers on a daily basis. It will also help detect cyber crimes. The farthest cyber cafe is located in Indapur, which is about 125km from here,” he said. Various government agencies have prepared a list of objectionable websites. The software will record the communication, if found offensive, Jadhav said. It will also record log-in and log-out time of users to help ascertain his identity later. “The cyber cafe owners have been directed to keep a record of their customers, which at present is done manually,” he added.

Jadhav added there are 36 police stations in the district and local police will help cyber cafes install the software. Jadhav further said the police have learnt lessons from past instances like in the German Bakery blast case. Mirza Himayat Baig, the lone convict in the case, used to run a cyber cafe in Udgir in Latur. “Baig used the cafe to communicate with other terror suspects,” he said. The Maharashtra Anti Terrorism squad (ATS) had recently arrested an alleged top Maoist leader, identified as K Muralidharan alias Thomas Joseph alias Skaria alias Gopi Alias Raghavan alias Ajith (62), and his close aide Ismail Hamaza Chiragpilli alias Pravin alias James Mathew (29), from Talegaon Dabhade. In another case, one Sushma Ramteke (27) was arrested from Ganeshnagar area in Pirangut near Pune for her alleged connection with some Naxal organizations.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/pune/Cyber-cafes-in-fringes-under-police-lens/articleshow/50543179.cms

Encounter between Maoists and security personnel in Ghatsila

An encounter took place between security personnel and CPI(Maoists) at Dangra Pahar under Gorabandha police station limits in Ghatsila sub-division in the wee hours of Tuesday, the police said. Acting on a tip off, security personnel comprising east district armed police force and CRPF reached the spot when the encounter ensued early morning, said superintendent of police (operations), Sunil Kumar Burnwal.

The police was informed about the presence of Maoist leader Kanu Munda, who was a secretary of the Jharkhand-Bihar-Bengal Regional Committee and wanted in several Maoist-related incidents, Burnwal said adding the encounter took place near the native village of Munda. Jharkhand government has already announced a reward on the head of Munda. However, no causality was reported as the Maoists made a hasty retreat. A massive search operation has been launched following the encounter to apprehend the ultras, he added.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/ranchi/encounter-between-maoists-and-security-personnel-in-ghatsila/story-DM2VYanig6Aa8r0k6XfCEM.html

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People’s War in India Clippings 11/1/2015

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Police to place certificates of evidence in Kobad case: Court

New Delhi: Delhi Police has been allowed by a court here to place on record the certificates of electronic evidence relied upon by it in a case in which Maoist ideologue Kobad Ghandy is facing trial for allegedly trying to set up a base for the banned outfit CPI (Maoist) here. The court allowed the submissions of Special Cell of Delhi Police saying electronic evidence relied upon by prosecution was “relevant” and its admissibility would be considered at the final stage after production of the certificates under the Indian Evidence Act. “Submission was made (by accused) that electronic record relied upon would still be inadmissible even after production of such a certificate. At this stage, I may only note that electronic record relied upon is relevant,” Additional Sessions Judge Reetesh Singh said. “Admissibility of the same after production of certificates under section 65B of the Indian Evidence Act will be considered at the final stage. For the reasons recorded above, this application is allowed,” the court said.

It also allowed the submission of police seeking to summon two senior cops, who were earlier examined as prosecution witnesses in the case, for their re-examination to prove the certificates under the Indian Evidence Act. The court has posted the matter for prosecution evidence on February 8. 65-year-old Ghandy is facing trial in the case for alleged offences punishable under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) and various provisions of the IPC. The court had earlier framed charges against co-accused Rajender Kumar under various sections of the IPC in the case.

During the arguments on the plea filed by the police, the prosecutor said that certain electronic records produced in evidence were not supported with certificates under the Indian Evidence Act and in its absence, the electronic records would not be read in evidence. Senior advocate Rebecca John, who appeared for Ghandy, opposed the plea saying it was moved belatedly after recording of the prosecution evidence had concluded and the matter was at the stage of recording of statements of accused. Ghandy’s counsel also submitted that the police cannot be permitted to fill any lacuna in their case by adopting such asures as it would prejudice the accused. The counsel representing Kumar adopted the submissions made by Ghandy’s lawyer.

http://www.freepressjournal.in/police-to-place-certificates-of-evidence-in-kobad-case-court/755073

Two Maoists killed on Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh border

Two Maoists including a woman Maoist commander of the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) were killed in a joint operation of Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra police on the border of the two states on Monday. “Bijapur district additional superintendent of police, Mr. Kalyan Elesela has conveyed over his satellite phone from deep forest of Sendra on Chhattisgarh-Maharashtra border that a Local Operating Squad (LOS) commander of the Maoists has been killed and her body has been recovered by the forces along with an INSAS rifle and five magazines. One more dead body of a uniformed Maoist was recovered when the forces were returning to the base camps in Maharashtra,” Bastar range Inspector General (IG) of Police, Mr. SRP Kalluri said in a statement.

“The anti-Maoist operation was jointly planned by Bijapur SP and his Gadchiroli counterpart keeping in view the TCOC (Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign) of the Maoists. Mr.Elesela led Chhattisgarh police team whereas from Maharashtra side, the force was led by ASP Manjunath Singh. The operation was launched about three days ago.The strategy was to enter Bijapur National park area of Maoists from Maharashtra side. Our forces led by Kalyan first went to Maharashtra side surreptitiously and then penetrated Bijapur jointly with Maharashtra forces which the Maoists could not anticipate,” informed the IG. One the dead Maoists has been identified as Mangi, the LOS commander of national park area committee of Maoists in West Bastar and she carried a reward of Rs.5 lakhs on her head. Mr.Kalluri admitted that Bastar Police recovered an INSAS service rifle after a long gap. “Forces are still deep inside the forest and fighting their way back to Gadchiroli. Preparations are on to airlift the forces, the dead bodies of Maoists and other Maoist recoveries,” added Mr. Kalluri.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/woman-maoist-commander-killed-on-maharashtrachhattisgarh-border/article8092428.ece

North Zone IG visits Agency

Visakhapatnam: The state government has been reportedly taking a serious note of the naxals menace in the Visakha Agency following the brutal murders of three tribals within two weeks in the agency recently. This is reflected by the fact that North Zone inspector general Kumar Viswajit visited the agency areas last Friday along with Visakha Rural SP Koya Praveen. The two police officials also made a night halt at Chintapalli to take stock of the naxals movement in the district. In a sudden spurt in their violent activity, CPI Maoists had killed Vantala Satya Rao of Madatakonda in G Maudugula on December 22, Pangi Sivayya of Busiput and former sarpanch of Jerrela Sagina Venkata Ramana in the first week of this month.

Taking stock of the situation, Viswajit reportedly gave fresh instructions to the police officials of the Visakha agency in order to counter the extremist campaign, sources said. The police officials reportedly informed the IG about the naxal movement in the district and their increased presence in the recent months, the sources said. The issue of detention of few tribals of Kondrupalli, near Jerrela, was also discussed in the meeting. Cops had arrested about 20 tribals in connection with the murder of former sarpanch Ramana. The officers of the rural district reportedly reiterated the need for creating outposts at various rural pockets in the agency to control the Maoists menace, the sources said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/North-Zone-IG-visits-Agency/articleshow/50528222.cms

Maoists threaten to take revenge of killing of 4 colleagues

Aurangabad: Three days after an encounter in which four Maoists were killed in the district, Aurangabad SP Babu Ram on Monday convened a meeting of all station house officers (SHOs) and issued directives to them on combating ultras. The SP directed the SHOs to intensify patrolling in their respective areas and keep an eye on the movement of Maoists in the district after the encounter. Meanwhile, CPI-Maoist central zonal spokesman Pramjeet on Monday threatened to take revenge of the killing of the Maoists in the encounter on Friday. He alleged that their four colleagues were arrested by security personnel, who killed them in fake encounter. Pramjeet said dedication of the commrades will never go in vain and they would take revenge from the cops.

It may be mentioned here that four Maoists were gunned down in an encounter with the securitymen at Bandhgorya village under Dhibra police station in Aurangabad district. Police had recovered five arms including an AK-47 from the place of encounter. Even CRPF DG Prakash Mishra had rushed to Aurangabad to take stock of the situation. An alert had been sounded in the district soon after the encounter. Raids are carried out at various places across the district under the leadership of SP Babu Ram. CRPF, COBRA and district police are conducting search operations jointly to nab the Maoists, who escaped after the encounter. A CRPF officer, on condition of anonymity, revealed that the Maoists, who fell to bullets, were wanted in several cases of serious offence. It may be mentioned here that earlier Maoists had attacked Mali, Simra, Dhibra and Tandawa police stations and a CRPF camp at Madanpur in the district.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Maoists-threaten-to-take-revenge-of-killing-of-4-colleagues/articleshow/50537263.cms

Former Red Cross boss threatened in south Chattisgarh

A freelance writer, Malini Subramaniam, who earlier headed the international humanitarian organisation, International Committee of The Red Cross [ICRC] in Chattisgarh was threatened by the local police for writing on issues concerning the tribals from south Chattisgarh. Sources told The Hindu that police officers reached her Jagdalpur residence late on Sunday night to ask her “why she visits the forest” and writes on tribal issues. Ms Subramaniam asked the officials to get in touch with her during regular office hours. The former ICRC official lives in Jagdalpur, the main city in south Chattisgarh, with her daughters. Earlier, a local organisation, floated by the police in south Chattisgarh- Samajik Ekta Manch- also asked her to refrain from writing articles on human rights violations in the region. “About 20 members of the Samajik Ekta Manch reached her place to ask her why she writes against the [atrocities committed by] the police and not against the Maoists,” sources close to Ms Subramanium told The Hindu.

Ms Subramanium had recently written a series of articles in a digital news portal questioning the arrests of the journalists in Bastar Division in south Chattisgarh, alleged fake surrenders and use of “rape” as an instrument to overpower the tribals in the area. Her and other journalists’ investigation led to a probe by National Human Rights Commission [NHRC]. Earlier as the chief of ICRC in south Chattisgarh, she set up two of the best medical clinics deep inside the Maoist-dominated villages of Bijapur and Sukma district.

The Hindu visited one of these clinics which were known for “comprehensive health care support.” The project was lauded by the officials of the State’s Health Department. The work of ICRC was even commended by the State’s Chief Minister Raman Singh. Later, however, ICRC was asked to leave south Chattisgarh as the External Affairs Ministry realised that the presence of ICRC in south Chattisgarh “may turn the issue into an international conflict.” Ms Subramanium left ICRC to settle in Jagdalpur to work among the tribals. Later she started reporting from the area.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kolkata/former-red-cross-boss-threatened-in-south-chattisgarh/article8092596.ece

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People’s War in India Clippings 10/1/2016

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Suspected Naxal held

A suspected Naxal was arrested from near an abandoned airport, around 60 km from here, at Chakulia in Maoist-hit Ghatsila sub-division of Jharkhand, a top police officer today said. The Maoist, identified as Baleshwar Soren, was arrested in a raid based on an information last night, police said. The Officer-in-Charge of Chakulia police station, Dilip Paswan said a country-made pistol and naxal literature were recovered from his possession. Soren was having links with hard-core Maoists Kanu Munda-led squad, he said adding that a case under section 25(a-b)a/26 Arms Act and 17 CLA Act had been lodged.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/supected-naxal-held-116011000728_1.html

Maoists set ablaze four vehicles of private firm in Chhattisgarh

The Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres allegedly set on fire four vehicles of a private firm engaged in a road construction work in Dantewada District of Chhattisgarh on January 8, reports PTI. The incident occurred at a remote Muskel village under Dantewada Police Station limits where work on construction of a road was underway, Dantewada Superintendent of Police (SP) Kamlochan Kashyap told PTI. As per preliminary information, a group of armed ultras stormed the spot this evening and threatened the employees and labourers to leave the place, following which they set ablaze four vehicles, including a truck, a tipper and a SUV, he said.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=1/10/2016&id=5#5

Maoist training camp busted in Khunti

Ranchi: A Maoist training camp was busted by a joint team of CRPF and district police Birbanki in Arki block on Friday night following a brief encounter with the rebels in the afternoon. “The team had busted the camp on Friday evening, but by the time we collected all the recovered items it was late night,” Khunti SP Anish Gupta said at a press meet on Saturday. The operation is still going on to find anyimprovised explosive devices that may have been planted in the area. “As per the intelligence inputs, Maoist had gathered at Kurumbara forest in Birbanki. A joint team was formed to chase them,” the SP said. ASP (operations) PR Mishra said, “Targeting the advancing party, Maoists opened fire. None of the bullets, however, hit our men.” The forces retaliated to the Maoists’ fire. “The rebels could not cope with the retaliation and left the camp within a short period of time. They left behind materials used for manufacturing IEDs at the camp,” he said.

After the Maoists left, police searched the area and found a 1,000m codex wire, manyelectric wires, 25 can bombs, one tiffin bomb, two pressure cooker bombs and four LGP cylinders. Two of the LPG cylinders were wrapped in codex wire. “The Maoists use LPG cylinders to make powerful bombs. One bomb is enough to blow up a police vehicle,” said police. Other items included firearms, 500 bullets, one laptop, mobile phones, utensils, sleeping bags, Red literature and uniform. “Our priority is to comb the entire area. We will study the literature after the operation is over,” ASP Mishra said.

Khunti SP Gupta claimed that the security forces have spotted some blood stains in the camp which indicate thatthe Maoists sustained injuries. But the claims could not be ascertained independently. A source said the Maoists were led by zonal commander Ram Mohan, a prized extremist leader. About the ongoing operation, ASP Mishra said, no recovery was made after Friday night. “The operation will continue throughout the night,” he added.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Maoist-training-camp-busted-in-Khunti/articleshow/50519685.cms

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