Peoples War in India Clippings 23/1/2015


Go back Barack Obama: Bastar

Maoists to launch protests against Presidential visit ‘Go Back Barack Obama!’ This is how Naxal cadres in Maoist hotbed Bastar are “welcoming” US President Barack Obama, the country’s chief guest on the Republic Day. On a three-day visit to India, Obama will reach Delhi on January 25. To make themselves heard across the country, the Maoists have given a call for Dandakaranya Bandh on January 26. There are hand-written red banners, posters and pamphlets all overin the Dandakaranya region. The Maoists have also sent releases to various newspapers and television channels in Chhattisgarh to communicate their stand on Obama and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Maoists in India consider both these leaders as their enemies No.1.

The Left-wing extremists have given an economic twist to their protest. Through pamphlets and press releases, they have strongly opposed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in banking, insurance, mining, defence, retail, telecom and education sectors. CRPF personnel stand guard in a Naxal-hit area. AFP. “The Maoists have put up banners and distributed pamphlets in Dantewada opposing the visit of the Obama. They are making clear their opposition to FDI and the capitalism. To them whoso-ever joins hands with America is their enemy. They have raised slogans against the Indian government as well,” RK Vij, ADG (Naxal Operations) Chhattisgarh told Firstpost.

He added, “By creating disturbances in the Red Corridor, their objective is to make their presence felt when the US President is in India. But we’re keeping a close watch on their activities.” Red Corridor is the Naxal-infested region in the east of India spanning 10 states, including Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. “It was an obvious move expected from the Maoists as they don’t want India to lean towards the US. They would create disturbances prior to Obama’s visit, to mark their presence and malign the country,” remarked Anil Kamboj, a counter-terrorism analyst. He added, “India’s increased closeness to the US is a geo-political strategic move and if everything goes well, India will gain technological support. And, India will use it against the Maoists, causing problem to the latter.”

Copies of a few of the Maoist releases in possession of Firstpost bear the signature of Gudsa Usendi, the spokesperson of Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee of the CPI (Maoist). Opposing to the proposed reforms in Labour laws, Coal bill etc, the Naxals across the Red Corridor have called for burning of effigies of ‘tourist’ Obama and Modi, by accusing both as “Fascists”. “The Maoists have adopted multiple-approach to communicate their protests against the visit of Barack Obama. Apart from distributing pamphlets and posters, they have issued releases to the press through emails. They have expressed opposition to FDI, Coal Bill and asked villagers to boycott the Panchayat election in Chhattisgarh. Expecting some kind of disturbances around the Republic Day we’ve beefed up security in the region,” said Dipanshu Kabra, DIG (SIB), Chhattisgarh.

The Maoists had attacked a team of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force on an anti-Naxal operation near Bilaspur three days ago. It had left three jawans injured. According to Rishi Bhatnagar, a Bastar-based journalist, “The Maoists always mark their protest during India’s national events like Republic Day and Independence Day by displaying black flags in the ‘liberated’ zones in Dandakaranya. After the last ambush at Kasalpad in Sukma on December 1, 2014, there was a hiatus in Naxal activities in the region, but to get back into the news ahead of Obama’s visit, they attacked security forces in Bijapur two days back. There can be more.” An intelligence agency source added, “The Maoists have also registered their protests in other parts of the Red Corridor. In an attempt to draw international attention they would try to create disturbances in their regions as well around Republic Day.”


Sr woman Naxal commander in police net

Nagpur: A senior woman Naxal commander, identified as Punui Netam alias Aruna, has been arrested in Kangadi forest of Dhanora tehsil in North Gadchiroli during a joint operation along Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh state border by Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and district cops this week. She had an award of Rs6 lakh on her declared by the state government. Police have claimed that Aruna was Section A deputy commander of company no. 10.

She was also part of the regional blast squad based at Abhujmadh, which is the Naxal’s specialized cell for triggering explosions. Aruna also served in Tippagarh Dalam and platoon 15 in the past. It’s learnt that Aruna was behind several serious offences and also participated in police encounters for the last few years. She had also participated in several offensives against security forces in Chhattisgarh.

Jharkhand: DGP sharpens ongoing anti-naxal operation after inspection

The Maoist-hit Jharkhand’s Khunti district was inspected by the State Director General of Police, Rajeev Kumar along with his officials and decided to sharpen the ongoing anti-naxal operation in the other distrcits. Kumar also inspected the affected areas of Korba, Chuklu, Birabanki, Todang. According to reports, joint anti-naxal operation is going on in the districts of Khunti, Simdega, Gumla, Ranchi, and West Singhbhum from January 8.

New DIG vows to be tough on naxals

VISAKHAPATNAM: The new Visakhapatnam Range DIG, A Ravichandra, on Thursday said his department will take necessary action to curb the naxal menace in the Visakha Agency. Addressing the media after taking charge on Thursday, the 1998-batch IPS officer said he will not spare anyone violating the law in his jurisdiction. He said his main priorities will be to address the naxal problem, protect women and ensure proper community policing. Apart from this, he will also ensure timely action.

Elect our candidates or boycott Panchayat polls: Naxals to villagers in Chhattisgarh

Shaken by Chhattisgarh Police’s intensive combat operations, the Naxals are trying to rebuild their base ahead of the panchayat polls by threatening the villagers to either support their candidate or boycott the elections. According to police, the Naxals have been holding meetings in the interiors of Sukma, Dantewada, Bijapur and Narayanpur districts of Bastar division from last month following the declaration of the four-phase panchayat polls in the state scheduled to begin from January 28.

The cadres of the outlawed CPI (Maoist) have scaled up their visits to the villages and are holding big meetings of villagers, including candidates, in areas where they had faced severe setback due to aggressive combat, patrol and surrender during past couple of months, police sources said. During the meetings, the rebels are appealing to the villagers to expand the base of ‘Janatana Sarkar’ (self-styled peoples’ government of Maoists) by helping their candidates in polls or refraining from taking part in the electoral process, a senior police official said on condition of anonymity. They have also threatened the villagers with dire consequences if they go against them, he said. “Though the Naxals don’t have faith in the democratic process, they apparently feel that by capturing seats of village head in the remote areas would certainly help them to mobilise tribal masses in their favour,” the official said.

“There are several factors which influence the local polls. However, we are aware of every situation (Naxals holding meetings) and have beefed up the operations to foil their evil bid,” Additional Director General of Police (anti-Naxal operations) RK Vij told PTI. During the previous panchayat polls in 2010, as many as 181 sarpanch (village head) and 10,980 panch were elected unopposed in Bastar division. The highest number of 63 sarpanch elected unopposed last time was in Dantewada (now divided into two districts Dantewada and Sukma), followed by Bijapur (55), Bastar (30), Kanker (20) and Narayanpur (13). In view of the situation, security forces have been directed to keep a close vigil on the movement of villagers in dense forests as well as Maoists near the villages, a police official said.

Maoists exploiting faultlines in Andhra division to bounce back

NEW DELHI: Maoists are slowly finding a fresh foothold in Telangana thanks to a botched up division of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh state. Intelligence assessments point at CPI (Maoists) re-entering the region from where they had been painstakingly pushed out by concerted effort from state police and central forces towards the close of the 2000 decade. Sources said much of the Maoist activity has been found to be initiated in districts bordering the new Andhra Pradesh.

“CPI Maoist has even formed a special zonal committee and movement of cadres has been spotted. Significant Maoist activity has been reported from districts such as Bhadrachalam in Telangana,” said a security establishment officer. Sources said, the haphazard division of the state has led to many local issues cropping up in the bordering districts which Maoists are leveraging. “Several villages in the bordering districts have been arbitrarily exchanged between the two states without thorough consultation with stakeholders and residents. This has led to suffering and discontent which Maoists are fishing into. They were any way looking at the separation of the state as an opportunity to resurrect themselves in an uncertain administrative atmosphere. Such mistakes have given them a window,” said the officer.

Such fears had been expressed in the run up to the division of the state as well. However, these were brushed aside on the ground that a small state would be easier to police and unlike Chhattisgarh, state administration in united Andhra had been able to reach the most remote corners of the state leaving little window for Maoists to stir up passions. Beginning 2008, Maoists had hardly been able to mount attacks inside Andhra with total casualty of security forces between 2008 and 2013 coming to only three.

However, given that a majority of CPI (Maoist) top leadership comprises of people from Telangana, the desire to resurrect Maoism in the state has always been there with the outfit. Giving details of the Maoist leadership during a press conference held at Andhra Pradesh Bhavan in New Delhi on November 18, then Andhra Pradesh CM Kiran Kumar Reddy had said, “Of the 11 Central Committee leaders, nine are from Telangana, while two are from Andhra region; at the next rung [of leadership] of 18 members,15 are from Andhra Pradesh of which 14 are Telanganites and one is from Andhra [region].”

Maoists to observe Jan 26 as Black Day in south Odisha

Protesting the anti people policies of the Central government and the visit of US president Barrack Obama to India to attend the Republic Day celebrations in the national capital, the Maoists have decided to observe January 26 as a Black Day in five south Odisha districts. In an audio release to the media on Thursday night, top Maoist leader and secretary of Bansadhara-Ghumusar-Nagavali Divisional Committee Umakant said the farmers of our country are unable to spend Rs 20 per day. Unabale to repay their loans, they are forced to commit suicide, he said. “The Centre has not taken any steps to overcome the unemployment problem. There are around 50 crore unemployed youths in the country. Besides, the Centre has not thought of the future of the nearly 10 crore of child labourers who are working as migrant and bonded labourers,” he pointed out. Referring to the law and order situation, the Maoist leader said a woman in India is either subject to atrocity or rape every half-an-hour.

Coming down heavily on the double standards of the Centre and the state government, he said contrary to the announcement of a pro-tribal policy, the tribals have been deprived of their rights on land, forest and water that have been handed over to the multi-national companies (MNCs). “Besides, the Odisha Police, in its anti-Maoist operation in association with the Central para-military forces, has been torturing innocent tribals by branding them as Maoists and Maoist sympathizers,” he said.

The Maoist leader also alleged that the Narendra Modi led government, which had come to power by assuring the people of bringing back black money stashed abroad, has now gone back on its promise and is working for the MNCs. Condemning the visit of the US president, the Maoist spokesperson said the USA government, in the name of waging war against the extremists, has been killing thousands of innocent civilians all over the world to accomplish its imperialism goal. “For this, we strongly condemn the visit of the US president and have decided to observe the Republic Day as Black Day in Rayagada, Ganjam, Gajapati, Kandhamal and Kalahandi districts,” Umakant said.

World Popular Resistance Clippings 23/1/2015


Outlawed leader found dead in Jhenaidah

Police have recovered a bullet-riddled body of an outlawed leader of Purba Bangla Communist Party (PBCP) from Mohanpur village under Kotchandpur upazila in Jhenaidah. The deceased is Nasir Uddin alias Debashis, 47, son of Liakat Ali of Talina village under the upazila. Shahidul Islam Shahin, officer-in-charge of Kotchandpur police said: “Being informed, police recovered his body from a field in the morning. A bullet mark was spotted in Nasir’s chest. ” He might have been killed over previous enmity, said the OC. The body was sent to Jhenadah sadar hospital morgue for autopsy. Nasir was involved in criminal activities including robbery in Jhenaidah for last 15 years, added the police official.


Tunceli Bar Association president given 6 years of jail time

The bar association president of Turkey’s southeastern Tunceli province, Uğur Yeşiltepe, has been sentenced to six years and three months in prison for being a member of the outlawed Maoist Communist Party (MKP), after the Supreme Court of Appeals upheld a lower court’s decision on Tuesday. The 9th Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court of Appeals upheld on Tuesday a local court’s verdict sentencing Yeşiltepe and six others to six years and three months each in prison after holding a commemoration in 2012 for the victims of the Dersim massacre, a 1937 incident that took place in Turkey’s predominantly Alevi region of Tunceli. Turkish Bar Association (TBB) President Metin Feyzioğlu, executives of the TBB and 68 provincial bar association heads issued statements calling the verdict “unacceptable.”

Speaking to the press, Yeşiltepe said he was punished based only on his professional activities and that he was not fairly tried. He added that he plans to appeal his conviction with the Constitutional Court. If the sentence is implemented, Yeşiltepe will be the second bar head to be jailed in Turkish history after former İstanbul Bar Association President Orhan Adli Apaydın, who was arrested during the Sept. 12, 1980, coup period.

Chand demands National Political Assembly

KATHMANDU, Jan 22: Netra Bikram Chand led CPN Maoist on Thursday demanded formation of a National Political Conference constituting a legitimate authority to press ahead with the delivery of a new constitution laced with a new consensus and embodying the spirit of all marginalized communities, classes and sector. The newly formed party which broke off from CPN-Maoist led by Mohan Baidya called a press conference here putting forth a range of demands including adherence to the past agreements between the then Maoists and the parliamentary forces to draft a new constitution inclusive of the demands of the indigenous nationalities, Dalit, women, Madhesi and Muslim community.

The party Spokesperson Khadga Bahadur Bishwokarma said the current Constituent Assembly formed against agreement must be dissolved and a constitution drafted over a new agreement. In view of the latest political development where the parliamentary parties are moving ahead unilaterally by ditching the prospect of an agreement, there are no alternative to implementing the repeated agreements reached with the Maoists, Bishwokarma said. On a different note, the leader said the immediate prospect of unification with UCPN (Maoist) was slim.

Peoples War in India Clippings 22/1/2015

Go Back Obama_OSC  poster_Hindi

Murali tallest among Kerala Maoists

KOZHIKODE: Murali Kannamballi, the Naxalite leader who initiated many students of the erstwhile regional engineering college (REC) here into the left extremist movement in mid 1970, has emerged as the tallest Maoist leader from the state. Murali, son of the former diplomat Kannamballi Karunakara Menon, was the secretary of the CPI-ML (Naxalbari) before the party merged with the CPI (Maoist) on May 1, 2014. He was inducted into the central committee of the CPI (Maoist) after the merger. “Murali was the central committee member of the CRC-CPI (ML), which was formed in 1981. He was given the charge of co-ordinating the international activities of the party. He had spent a year in Paris looking after the activities of the Revolutionary International Movement (RIM), the international forum of Maoist parties, in 1984,” said former Naxalite leader K Venu. “He was a final-year student at REC when Emergency was declared. He left the institute and went underground after that.”

Murali continued to uphold Naxalite politics even after Venu resigned from the CRC-CPI (ML) in 1991. “He, along with a few others, stuck to the Marxist-Leninist politics. Murali has wide contacts with Maoists all over the world. He had acted as mediator when serious conflicts cropped up among Maoists in Nepal,” Venu said. M M Somasekharan, the Kozhikode district secretary of the CPI (ML) during Emergency, said Murali had leanings towards the Naxalite movement when he joined REC. “Me and T N Joy contacted him and initiated him into the party. It was Murali who built the party unit at REC and made Joesph Chali and P Rajan party sympathisers,” he said. (Rajan was killed at the Kakkayam police camp in 1976). Murali was made an accused in the Kayanna police station attack case though he did not participate in the action. “He was an activist who strictly followed the routine of an underground worker,” Somasekharan said. Police do not have a photograph of the Naxalite leader even now.

“We may disagree with his politics but we should recognise his dedication. It is not easy to lead the risky life of an underground activist for more than three decades,” he said. A theoretician who has deep understanding of Marxism-Leninism, Murali writes books and articles under pen name Ajith. Convalescing after a heart operation, Murali is now engaged in revising his book on caste and land relations in Kerala.

Naxals ‘form’ new unit to perpetrate acts in Telangana

In some alarming news for security agencies tackling Left-wing extremism, forces operating in the anti-Maoist operations grid have detected that the red ultras have recently formed a new unit to perpetrate their violent acts in the new state of Telangana. Officials privy to information in the Maoist violence affected areas of Andhra Pradesh-Chhattisgarh axis have received inputs that Naxals have raised a ‘Special Zonal Committee’ which is tasked to operate in the border areas of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and other states and subsequently increase their activities.

“There is no cause for alarm as of now but some incidents in areas like Bhadrachalam in Khammam district have taken place since the creation of the state. Security agencies are keeping a watch,” an official source said. According to the source, as there is no large-scale deployment of central security forces in the state, some sporadic incidents of Naxal violence could be expected although on a smaller scale. “The Naxals have formed a special zonal committee to operate in the state and there have been some reports about their violent activities and liaisons,” the source said, adding the state shares borders with Naxal-hit states like Chhattisgarh and some parts of Maharashtra.

Sources said security forces led by the CRPF have tracked some instances of Maoists taking shelter in the forests of Khammam and adjoining areas after conducting their illegal activities in neighbouring states. Telangana was carved out of Andhra Pradesh last year. Officials said while security forces conducting anti- Naxal operations are concentrating their energies in worst Maoist-affected states like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha among others, Naxal activities in West Bengal have been on the slide. They, however, said that the state, sometime back, had asked for about three more battalions of central forces for deployment in some areas.

Woman naxal held in Gadchiroli

A woman naxal, carrying a cash reward of Rs six lakh on her head, was today arrested in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, police said. The rebel identified as Aruna Punai Debsingh Netam (24), who was the self-styled deputy commander of Tipagarh Dalam in Dhanora tehsil in the district, was arrested by a combing team of Gadchiroli police. She had been active as a naxal member since the past 15 years and was involved in various encounters and attacks on police parties since 2011, a statement issued by police said here. Several cases have been registered against her in different police stations, it added.

Writ plea wants wife of Maoist leader produced

A Habeas corpus petition seeking the producing of Bharathi, the wife of Maoist leader Dubashi Shanker, before the court was filed in the Hyderabad High Court. Petitioner Varavara Rao, the revolutionary writer, alleged that the Special Intelligence Branch police had illegally picked up Bharathi on the evening of January 20, seeking information about the whereabouts of her husband.

Whereabouts unknown

The whereabouts of the detenue, a native of Chatla Narsampally village of Doulatabad mandal in Medak district, are not known. The case is likely to come up on Thursday.

Villagers in Jharkhand bear the brunt of Maoists’ internecine fights

Residents of Kauria village in Palamu district of Jharkhand are facing a social boycott, after two Maoist rebel groups fought pitched battles last August. Kauria villagers are being ostracised by the neighbouring villages on suspicion of sheltering Maoist rebels, a charge they vehemently deny. Villagers claim that it is hard to find suitors and brides for the youth as nobody is willing to maintain relations with them. An encounter between two Maoist outfits-Communist Party of India (Maoist) (CPI-M) and its splinter group Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) — left 16 people dead. A resident, Shalini Kumari, said on Wednesday their village is being taunted as a “village of terrorists”.

“That incident has impacted our lives very deeply. It is very difficult to get the girls and boys from this village married. Nobody wants to take a daughter from this village or send their daughter here. They say it is a village of terrorists and we will not marry our children there as there is nothing in this village,” said Kumari. The village also lacks basic necessary infrastructure like schools etc, she added. The fiercest encounter happened when CPI (M) members attacked TPC members resting at a villager’s house. The attack was in retaliation to a previous incident when CPI (M) activists were attacked by TPC. Another resident, Vinod Saav, said that fear kept people away from Kauria. “A lot of people are scared to come here as this area falls on the Maoist belt.

People from outside the village are now always scared of coming here,” said Saav. Residents of Kauria live in a perpetual fear that there may be a repeat of what happened last year. They feel that the police have been lax in conducting patrolling in the area and have not come to check on the people ever since the encounter took place.

Maoists call for bandh on January 26

Warangal: Communist Party of India-Maoist, Telangana committee, has appealed to people to support the nation-wide bandh called by Maoist party central committee on January 26 opposing the upcoming visit of US President Barack Obama to India. A letter bearing the name of Communist Party of India-Maoist Telangana spokesperson Jagan was circulated to media offices in Warangal on Wednesday. In his letter, he described the US President’s visit as a threat to Indian sovereignty. The Maoist leader stated that Obama’s visit was meant to impose American imperialism on India. Hence all the farmers, students, businessmen, employees and all democratic forces should oppose Obama’s visit, he said.

He asked the people to condemn Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s action of inviting the American President to India to attend Republic Day celebrations. Jagan has also opposed execution of Polavaram project and Narmada project which would displace thousands of innocent tribals. He accused Modi and Sangh Pariwar of implementing Hindutva agenda by safronising of education and attacking minority communities. It may be noted that Maoists in Chhattisgarh distributed pamphlets at several areas in Bastar region of the state on Tuesday with heading ‘Obama Wapas Jao’ (Obama go back) in the name of Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee spokesperson Gudsa Usendi.

Some Problems Currently Arising in the Course of the Rural Socialist Education Movement-14 January 1965

"Be a resolute descendant of your revolutionary forebears!"

“Be a resolute descendant of your revolutionary forebears!”


I. The Situation

Since the tenth plenum of the eighth Central Committee in September 1962, through the development of socialist education in urban areas as well as the countryside, the execution of a series of Central Committee policies by the whole Party, the active efforts of the masses, the broad number of Party members, and cadres, a very good situation has come into being on the political, economic, ideological and cultural, and military fronts in our country. In the past few months, in the entire country more than one million cadres went deeply into the basic level units in the cities and countryside, and the socialist revolutionary movement manifested a new high tide.

All the great accomplishments which our country obtained so quickly during the past few years prove the Party’s general line of building socialism is correct, and at the same time prove further that the Chinese Communist Party led by Comrade Mao Tse-tung is a glorious, great and correct party. Our Party will not betray the trust and hopes of the people of the whole nation and of the people of the world.

In the cities and villages alike, there exists serious, acute class struggle. After the socialist reform of the ownership system was basically completed, the class enemies who oppose socialism attempted to use the form of “peaceful evolution” to restore capitalism. This situation of class struggle is necessarily reflected within the Party. The leadership of certain communes, brigades, enterprises and units has either been corrupted or usurped.

In our work, in the process of moving forward, there exist a great many problems. Practice proves that as long as the whole Party penetratingly and correctly continues to execute the Central Committee’s various decisions concerning the Socialist Education Movement, continues to grasp the principles of class struggle, continues to rely on the working class, the poor and lower-middle peasants, the revolutionary cadres, the revolutionary intellectuals and other revolutionary elements, and continues to pay close attention to uniting more than 95 percent of our people and 95 percent of our cadres, then the many problems which exist in the cities and in the villages will not only be easy to discover, but will also be easy to resolve.

We must resolutely continue the Socialist Education Movement of the past two years and more, and carry it through to the end; we absolutely must not falter.

The present problem is to sum up the past experience of this movement, assess our achievements, and overcome the shortcomings in our work in order to facilitate an even greater victory.

II. The Nature of the Movement

Several ways of presentation:

1. The contradiction between the Four Cleans and the Four Uncleans;

2. The overlapping of contradictions within the Party and contradictions outside of the Party, or the overlapping of contradictions between the enemy and us and contradictions within the people;

3. The contradiction between socialism and capitalism.

The former two ways do not clarify the fundamental characteristics of the Socialist Education Movement. These two approaches do not refer to what society the contradiction of the Four Cleans and Four Uncleans arises in. Nor do they indicate what the nature is of the overlapping of contradictions within the Party and contradictions outside of the Party. They also do not indicate in what historical period the overlapping of contradictions between the enemy and us and contradictions within the people arises nor the class content of this overlapping. If we take a literal point of view, the so-called Four Cleans and Four Uncleans could be applied to any society in past history and the so-called overlapping of contradictions within the Party and contradictions outside the Party could be applied to any party. The so-called overlapping of contradictions between the enemy and us and contradictions within the people could be applied to any historical period. These approaches do not explain the nature of today’s contradictions; therefore they are not Marxist-Leninist methods of looking at things.

The last way of presenting the nature of the movement comprehends the essence of the question, and is Marxist-Leninist. It is decidedly in accord with the scientific theories of Comrade Mao Tse-tung, and with the policies adopted by the Central Committee at various times since the second plenum of the Seventh Central Committee in 1949, concerning the continued existence, during the entire transitional period, of class contradictions, class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, and struggle between the two roads of socialism and capitalism.

If we forget the basic theory and basic practice of our Party during the past decade and a half, we will go astray.

The key point of this movement is to rectify those people in positions of authority within the Party, who take the capitalist road, and to progressively consolidate and develop the socialist battlefront in the urban and rural areas.

Of those people in positions of authority who take the capitalist road, some are out in the open and some are concealed. Of the people who support them, some are at lower levels and some are at higher levels. Among those lower down, some have already been classified as landlords, rich peasants, counter-revolutionaries and bad elements, while others have been overlooked.

Among those at higher levels, there are some people in the communes, districts, hsien, special districts, and even in the work of provincial and Central Committee departments, who oppose socialism. Among them some were originally alien class elements; some are degenerate elements who have shed their original skin, and changed their nature; and some have received bribes, banded together for seditious purposes, violated the law, and violated discipline.

Certain people do not distinguish the boundary between the enemy and ourselves; they have lost their class standpoint; and they harbor, within their own families and among their own friends and fellow workers, those people who engage in capitalist activities.

The great majority of our cadres want to take the socialist road, but there are some among them who have but a hazy knowledge of the socialist revolution, who employ personnel improperly, who are haphazard about checking up on work, and who commit the mistake of bureaucratism….


Peoples War in India Clippings 21/1/2015

manif campagna india


At the onset of 2015, left-wing extremism (LWE) in India under the aegis of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) is confronted with a choice of either coming to terms with the realities of its weakness and revisit the strategy of sustaining a protracted war with the state; or continuing with carrying out periodic attacks on the security forces and other state protagonists with the long-term aim of resurrecting itself yet again in the coming years. Although the past few years have reinforced the notion that CPI-Maoist has ceased to be the force it used to be, there is little hope that in 2015, the outfit would halt pursuing its strategy of carrying out intermittent raids as well as expanding into newer areas. How the state responds to this challenge via its reformulated strategy would be something to watch out for.

Shrinking Extremist Domination

In 2014, the trend of declining fatalities in LWE-related violence continued. According to provisional data, only 314 fatalities were registered, which is the lowest since the formation of the CPI-Maoist in 2004. While Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand account 67 per cent of these fatalities, Odisha, Maharashtra and Bihar are the other states that reported the remaining fatalities. The CPI-Maoist, which once wielded influence over almost one-third of the country’s geographical expanse, now operates with a constrained presence in these five states. A sudden expansion in the CPI-Maoist’s area of operation is unlikely in 2015. The outfit would mostly be involved in guarding its remaining influence in these states.

Persisting Weakness

Affected by surrenders, killings and arrests of a large numbers of its cadres, the CPI-Maoist is clearly on a back foot, necessitating a phase of tactical retreat when the outfit rebuilds its strength. Among the many denominators that point at the state’s tightening grip over LWE is the former’s ability to carry out largely peaceful elections in various states. Jharkhand went for an assembly elections in November and December 2014. Additionally, the CPI-Maoist largely failed to carry out its threats of disrupting the poll; the over 66 per cent voter turnout – a record percentage in the state – demonstrated a growing popular confidence in the State’s ability to provide security. A stable government, now a reality in state, has an opportunity of heralding an era of decisive action against the extremists.

Morale-boosting Assaults

The operational weakness of the CPI-Maoist, however, has not curtailed its ability to carry out periodic attacks resulting in high casualty among the security forces. In fact, such attacks would remain part of the CPI-Maoist’s continuing attempt of seeking relevance, rebuilding its organisational strength, and inflicting setbacks on the security forces. The fact that the security forces in each of the LWE-affected theatres continue to face issues of coordination, leadership and direction, would aid the extremist efforts. Successful attacks such as the one that resulted in the killing of 14 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district on 1 December 2014, has already led to a defensive mindset among the forces, with the CRPF headquarters insisting that all major operations against the extremists must be cleared by the top brass of the organisation.

Enclaves of Strength

New Delhi has assured the affected states of support in dealing with LWE. However, for the states, emerging from an era of overwhelming dependence on the central forces has proved to be difficult. Progress in enabling its own police forces to take a lead role in countering extremism has remained a non-starter. This is apparent in the significant level of popular compliance to the CPI-Maoist’s periodic calls for shutdown in various states. Even as the state makes advance establishing its writ over hitherto extremism-affected areas, several enclaves of extremist domination, especially in states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha would continue to mock the official claims of success.

Missing Bureaucracy

Resurrecting governance over the erstwhile Maoist-dominated areas has proved to be New Delhi’s Achilles Heel. As of the beginning of 2015, the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs is pushing the state governments to appoint “officers with zeal” as district magistrates and superintendents of police in the extremism-affected districts. Even as the security forces register some successes in ending extremist domination over select areas, bureaucratic inertia in kick-starting governance has remained one of the primary hindrances in cementing success. Government functionaries are either reluctant to function in such hazardous zones or are indulging in rampant corruption exploiting the lack of accountability a conflict situation provides. The attempt to inculcate “zeal” among functionaries, both in the higher and lower levels of bureaucracy is likely to be a tough one for the state governments.

Southern Expansion

One of the less highlighted aspects of the CPI-Maoist’s activities in 2014 was its foray into Kerala. With a handful of incidents involving attacks on a forest department office and an outpost, and KFC and McDonald’s outlets, the Maoists have announced their presence in the southern state. While expansion into new areas remains an avowed objective of the CPI-Maoist exploiting fertile grounds, the divided official response has helped the outfit gain strength and sympathisers. Amid the Kerala police’s steps to deal with the emerging threat, a senior government functionary has called for a stop to the hunt and has praised the Maoists for “energising the government machinery in tribal areas.” The CPI-Maoist would continue its attempts to spread its activities into new areas in 2015. Sans a national consensus on dealing with the threat, some of these areas would lapse into new hunting grounds for the extremists.

12,062 have perished in Naxal violence so far: RTI

MEERUT: In reply to an RTI query, the ministry of home affairs (MHA) has revealed that a total of 12,062 civilians have been killed in Naxal violence till now since 1980. The detail was given in reply to a question filed under RTI (Right to Information) rules by a Meerut-based activist. Interestingly, when the Naxalite movement began in India, only three states were involved – Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. But by 2014, eight states had got dragged into it. While in 1980, 70 people had died in the violence, in 2010 the number was a far higher 720. The reply also mentions that 3,078 security personnel were injured in Naxal-related violence in the last 34 years. MHA, however, did not disclose the actual number of security personnel dead in the same period.

Sarpanch aspirants relive Naxal nightmare

Around 130 sarpanch aspirants had to fight cold and hunger for five days after being held hostage by Maoists in a dense forest in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-wracked Sukma district recently. The panchayat poll candidates, who were set free on January 15 with a warning not to contest the ensuing rural local bodies elections, scheduled to be held in the state in four phases from end of this month, narrated their nightmarish experience while they were in the rebel custody in January 9-15.

“We were herded to the core of forest near Gonguda hill range and made to sit under trees. We reached the area after sunset. We did not have additional clothes or food with us. We were given the impression that we will be let off after a meeting with Naxals. “But we came to realise that we had been held hostage after we reached near the Gonguda hill. We started shivering as night temperature dipped to around 4-5 degrees Celsius. We had to fight cold and hunger the whole night. “The next day, some kids came with utensils, paddy and red chillies. We had to remove the husk to cook rice ourselves. We were forced to live on cooked rice along with salt and red chillies for the next five days. Our hostage life had been spent under the open sky,” the sarpanch candidates narrated their ordeal in rebel custody before the local police after their release. They were not even allowed to go to the nearby pond to wash their body.

“We called them for interrogation when we received information of their release from Maoist custody,” a senior district officer told this newspaper unwilling to be quoted. In the morning of January 15, divisional committee member Jaggu, along with Kerlapal area committee commander Bhime, alias Reena, and armed rebel cadres, reached there to warn them against participating in the elections before they were set free.



Naxals set two trucks on fire in Gaya

Naxals set two trucks on fire in a village near Gaya late Tuesday evening. “They gathered the labor staff and said that the work is going on even after they had ordered not to. Then everyone was made to stand aside, they sprinkled petrol on the trucks and set them on fire,” said Surendra Prasad Yadav, a truck owner. “Last evening two trucks from Hari Om Constructions were set on fire. The FIR has been registered in the local police station. It can be identified as a Naxal attack,” said Rakesh Kumar, the superintendent of area.


BSF jawans to be redeployed in Maoist-prone areas: Odisha DGP

Odisha’s Director General of Police (DGP) Sanjeev Marik today said Border Security Force (BSF) jawans engaged in Maoist-prone areas in the state will be re-deployed keeping in view the intelligence inputs. “We took stock of the Maoist situation in the state and discussed the redeployment of the BSF personnel so as to make all possible use of the central forces. “We have decided to withdraw the BSF from places where Maoist activities have scaled down and redeploy them in places where there has been a spurt in Left Wing Extremism (LWE),” Marik said after a meeting of the state police and the BSF.

Presently, BSF jawans were deployed in the Maoist hot-bed of Koraput and Malkangiri districts. Their presence has helped the state police to weed out the rebels from certain pockets, sources in state home department said. Besides senior police officers of Odisha Police, BSF’s additional DG K K Sharma discussed on the Maoist situation and operations in the state and it was decided to relocate the forces to areas where Maoists were more active.

SPO killed by Maoists near Ranchi

Suspected Maoists have killed two persons, including a special police officer (SPO) near Bundu, about 50 km from the Jharkhand capital, the police said today. The two were shot dead near a school in Ranchi district’s Bundu area last evening. “One of them was a SPO,” Ranchi Senior Superintendent of Police Prabhat Kumar said.



Emilio, a comrade in many struggles and battles, is hospitalized in a drug induced coma with extensive brain bleeding because of a fascist squad assault against the Dordoni social centre in Cremona. The assault, which was predetermined and scientifically organized by the Casa Pound Cremonese fascists, in cahoots with other far-right militants hailing from other cities, was met with a determined response by the comrades at the social centre; yet, sadly, Emilio was hit in the head by several bar blows.

The fascists hammered away at Emilio until he was safely brought inside the social centre; still, the seriousness of his health condition was immediately clear. Police behaviour was hideous, as they simply identified the assailants and then-in order to let the latter go away undisturbed-violently charged the antifascist picket which gathered on the spot. To express total closeness and solidarity with Emilio:

- a nationwide day of decentralized mobilization on the territories was called for Monday, January 19

- against fascist squads, police and complicit institutions a militant, self-defended and determined national antifascist march with the rallying cry: immediate closure of all the fascist headquarters! will take place on Saturday, January 24, in Cremona

Pagherete caro!

Pagherete tutto!




At the January 3rd completed a month of the arrest of Igor Mendes, activist from Student Revolutionary People’s Movement – MEPR and from People’s Independent Front of Rio de Janeiro – FIP/RJ. Igor Mendes was arrested for his participation in popular protests against Fifa’s spree and he’s one of twenty-three activists politically persecuted at Rio de Janeiro, accused of armed gang formation for exercising their right of free of speech and manifestation. Igor Mendes and other political prisoners and persecuted from management Cabral/Pezão/Paes (PMDB) and Dilma Rousseff (PT).

Recently, documents published by the monopolies of communication means exposes the existence of thousands of messages send between Military Police (PM) officers in a group on WhatsApp in between December of 2013 and January of 2014. In these messages the practice of physical aggression of demonstrators is assumed and defended. Fabio Almeida de Souza, then lieutenant colonel, who commanded police repression of demonstrations during struggle journeys of June/July of 2013 at Rio de Janeiro, is the author of unnumbered of these messages, many of which making apology of nazism. Was Fabio Almeida punished? On the contrary. He was promoted “by earning” last December 25th to colonel, the biggest post of Military Police.

In the field, the electioneering opportunist front of Dilma Rousseff (PT/PMDB/”Pe-ce-of-bê”/PSB) applies a repressive policy even more ferocious against the fight for land, particularly against the combatant peasant movement in struggle for Agrarian Revolution. Unable to stop the persistent fight for land the opportunist management coordinates the bloodiest repression through criminals reinstatements of possession, kidnappings, tortures, murders and arrests in the objective of keeping untouched the big estate. In October of last year the political coordinator of Poor Peasants League from Northern Minas and South Bahia, Cleomar Rodrigues de Almeida, was murdered by gunmen commanded by big estate. The heads of the crime are free and their names don’t even appear at the police investigation.


Rafael Braga was detained at June 20th of 2013 during gigantic popular demonstrations at Rio de Janeiro for caring a bottle of disinfectant and another one with strength bleach; these materials were considered being explosive artifacts by the Public Ministry and the rotten judiciary, even after an investigation proved otherwise. Rafael Braga poor and black is the first condemned political prisoner of Brazil. The young man was convicted to five years of closed regime imprisonment and in July of last year conquered the right of fulfilling his sentence in semi-open regime.

About the real criminals, neckties at bourgeois parliament, we watch another chapter of the novel generically called “Corruption Scandals” with the complaints of theft on Petrobrás, company sacked government after government dismembered by the militaries and sold in parts by FHC (PSDB). And is not to marvel that, once again, PT figures between the protagonists of the plot, hence the company had its reserves dilapidated in auctions by Luiz Inácio/Rousseff (PT). The people are already sick of all this spree and everybody knows that won’t result in anything all this circus of real mockery with people’s suffering. At the end of the counting, the “corruption scandal” at Petrobrás makes the company even more vulnerable to the fury of bankers and foreign monopolies of the sector that aims to possess this valorous patrimony.


Caio Silva and Fábio Raposo are arrested since February of last year when they were considered guilty by the rotten judiciary and publicly lynched by press monopolies as responsible for the death of the camera-man Santiago de Andrade, who was hit by a firework during police repression to a popular demonstration at Rio de Janeiro. A trite event passed almost unnoticed by newspapers and news TV shows. During this year New Years Eve party two women and two kids were hit by fireworks at the balcony of the building where they live, at Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná. Did any anchor of these police-sensationalists shows or any Law graduate went on TV to charge the investigation of who lighted the firework? Of course not!


For is visible that it was an accident as it happens in thousands with these materials around the country, particularly during New Years Eve parties and June Parties. But, insufflated by Rede Globo, the Public Prosecution of Rio de Janeiro asked for Caio Silva and Fabio Raposo’s arrests, accused of homicide for lighting up during a demonstration a similar artifact to the one which generated the accident at Foz do Iguaçu. The young men are accused of triply qualified murder, including vile motivation, victim’s impossibility of defense and use of explosive.

If convicted, Fabio and Caio have a predicted sentence that can overcome thirty years of jail. The phony electoral process from last year passed largely by these questions relatives to the right of freedom of speech and manifestation, hypocritically defended as pillars of this poorly drawn democracy of the old Brazilian State. Exactly for the necessity of repressing the legitimate popular demonstrations there’s no real divergence between all the fractions and power groups inside the Single Party of dominant classes. But the fascist repression won’t be able detain the increase of popular protests facing the inevitable aggravation of economic, political and social crisis of bureaucratic capitalism in Brazil. The protests against the raise in public transport taxes that spreads around the country demonstrates that the same problems that lead the combatant youth to the streets during the struggle journeys of June/July of 2013 remain present.

At Rio de Janeiro, the last demonstration against the raise in transport taxes gathered over a thousand persons. Protests occurred and many others are being prepared in dozens of cities around the country such as São Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Recife. The combatant youth struggle for a free pass and in defense of public education, the closing of highways by big cities peripheries, the persistent land takings by the combatant peasant movement, the strikes at construction sites and factories summed with the sounding electoral boycott of last year are sparks that will burn the whole grassland! Indifferent to the squalid tenure speech from Dilma Rousseff and her funeral march followed by half-dozen PTists paid by the government at the Esplanada on January 1st, the people will continue to raise higher every time his red flags of combat and resistance!

The people prepare their rebellion!

Opens a new time for the Revolution!

Immediate freedom for Igor Mendes, Caio Silva, Fabio Raposo and Rafael Braga!

For the end of all trials!

To Rebel is Just!

Student Revolutionary People’s Movement – Brazil

Peoples War in India Clippings 20/1/2015


Maoists issue pamphlets opposing Barack Obama’s India visit

Raipur: Maoists in Chhattisgarh have dropped pamphlets in several areas of Bastar region, opposing US President Barack Obama’s upcoming visit to India. According to police, the rebels have called for boycott of Obama’s visit and a nationwide bandh on January 26. “The pamphlets in which the outlawed CPI (Maoist) have opposed the visit of US President Obama to India have been recovered from the restive places of Narayanpur and Kanker districts,” Deputy Inspector General of Police (state’s intelligence wing) Deepanshu Kabra told PTI.

Central security agencies have been informed about it while police have been put on alert in the insurgency-affected region, Kabra said. The pamphlets released in the name of Naxal’s Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee spokesperson Gudsa Usendi with heading ‘Obama Wapas Jao’ (Obama go back) carry several anti-national messages and contents. In the pamphlets, the ultras have also said that they will burn effigies of Obama and Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the US President’s visit to the country. Obama will be on three-day visit to India from January 25 during which he will also attend the ‘Republic Day’ parade in New Delhi.

Rebel war hots up in mining, border areas

Jamshedpur/Hazaribagh, Jan. 19: Anti-rebel offensives will be stepped up in mining hub Ghatshila and Jharkhand-Bihar border areas, CRPF and police top brass said today. East Singhbhum SSP Amol V. Homkar said they would intensify anti-Naxalite operations in Ghatshila subdivision in the wake of yesterday’s encounter with CPI(Maoist) rebels at a Tusu fair in Bikrampur village where a Maoist was killed and a jawan critically injured. “That rebels are active in Ghatshila is evident from yesterday’s encounter. We have decided to intensify anti-rebel operations around UCIL’s Bagjata mines in Mosabani. Mosabani apart, rebels are active in Dhalbhumgarh, Ghatshila and Chakulia along the Bengal border,” Homkar said.

“More paramilitary forces will be deputed at Ghatshila,” Homkar said, but declined to name a figure. At present, CRPF’s 193rd battalion is stationed in Mosabani.CRPF camps are located in Banalopa, near Bagjata mines, Ghura in Ghurabandha block and Mahuldia in Ghatshila block. One battalion comprises 750 jawans while each camp has less than 100 personnel. Policemen on the ground welcomed the news of reinforcements. “Yesterday, the rebels who fought with the police at Bikrampur village belonged to the Kanhu Munda squad of CPI(Maoist). All 10 rebels had sophisticated weapons, including AK 47. For the police, it was a tough chase as they were continuously firing,” said a police officer on condition of anonymity.

“That’s how jawan Dukhiya Murmu, the bodyguard to Naxalite operations additional SP Shailendra Kumar Burnwal, got a bullet in his skull,” the policeman added. Admitted to Tata Main Hospital’s critical care unit, Murmu will soon undergo a surgery to remove the bullet. In Hazaribagh, visiting CRPF inspector-general R.K Mishra, along with inspector-general (coal belt) Tadasha Mishra, lauded security personnel in the Chouparan forest encounter on January 12 which left three Maoists dead and earned security forces a strategic psychological victory over rebels.

At Police Lines, CRPF IG Mishra and coal belt IG Mishra met SP Akhilesh Kumar Jha who told them about the three teams of CRPF, district police and CoBRA who led the Chouparan offensive. Congratulating them, Mishra said: “Your success has made everyone proud. We are working on plans to launch a joint operation on the borders of both states (Jharkhand and Bihar) to flush out rebels.” The CRPF IG also handed SP Jha a cheque of Rs 1 lakh issued by CRPF director-general Prakash Mishra for the 70 district policemen who were part of the Chouparan operation. Coal Belt IG Mishra also lauded the policemen and stressed on planning coordinated offensives for better results.

2 security personnel injured in Maoist attacks in Chhattisgarh

Pankuj Thakur, a constable of the 13 battalion of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force and Kichche Soya, an Auxiliary constable are undergoing treatment.

A jawan of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force (CAF) and a ‘Sahayak Arakshak (Auxiliary constable) were injured in two Maoist attacks in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh on Tuesday. Pankuj Thakur, a constable of the 13 battalion of the CAF was injured when a pressure bomb planted by Maoists exploded near Murdonda village of Bijapur, said the police. The injured Jawan was posted in Awapalli police station and is said to be out of danger now.

In another incident, suspected Maoists attacked ‘Sayakak Arakshak’ Kichche Soya with sharp weapons at a market place in Pollamapalli village of Sukma. The injured ‘Sahayak Arakashak’ has been referred to Jagadalpur for treatment. Maoist Camp busted In a separate incident, a joint team of Dantewada and Bijapur police busted a Maoist camp in Hurrepal forest of Danteada. Police also recovered Maoist posters, banners and material used to manufacture guns.



Sphulinga 1st issue is being published as organ of the Proletarian party of East Bengal, National Liberation Front and Armed Patriotic Force. Sphulinga will bring solutions of the theoretical, political,ideological and practical problems of the Party, Front and Armed Patriotic Force. It will provide special assistance in unifying and carrying cadres, guerrillas, sympathizers and people and maintaining single center. The leadership point of Front and Armed Patriotic Force is the Proletarian Party of East Bengal.

The current problem of party is to develop the theoretical standard of cadres and more and more ideologically transform them into proletariat so that they can materialize the objectives of Party, Armed Patriotic Force and Front and shoulder the prime task of carrying country, nation and people. At present, serious crisis situation exists in East Bengal. People want revolution, immediate overthrow of the Awami traitors and its masters and immediate salvation from that crisis.

Therefore, the topmost need of Party, Front and Revolution is good people’s leader to guide them. And to meet that, it is necessary to develop the theoretical and political standard of cadres, remold them ideologically and achieve the qualification of leading. So, to develop the theoretical standard of huge number of cadres, espacially leading cadres, we have to carry the movement ‘Study Marxism and Master it Properly’ so that cadres can arm them with Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought, can analyze everything with Marxist world outlook and find out correct solution. So, once cadres master the thought of advance class of the society—the proletariat, that will be transformed into a material force which will transform society of East Bengal and world.

The reason behind the upcoming fall of the Awami traitor enemy is that they have been desperate to defend them and smash us. In face of severe fascist attack and pressure from the enemy, some of the lower standard and vacillating petit bourgeoisie may surrender, leave party and flee. To resist that, we need huge improvement too. Along with that improvement, we have to carry on our political, military, organizational objectives and the principal task. We have to carry on improvement by fixing time and target, form various Text Courses for various levels, Study group, Writer Group, Teacher Group and develop a living movement of study Marxism and master it properly.

One of the aims of that study will be to carry struggle against various forms of revisionism and petit bourgeois ideology so that cadres can be clear on various forms of revisionism, reject petit bourgeois ideology and combine the universal truth of Marxism with the concrete condition of East Bengal. Our Rainy Seasonal Strategic Offensive is constantly developing even in face of severe enemy pressure. As result of Study Marxism and Master It Movement, there will be greater victories and the smaller victories will bring a qualitative victory.

People of East Bengal are suffering from serious difficulties and hardship of life. Each cadre, guerrilla, sympathizer and people has to grasp days and grasp hours and accelerate the pace of revolution. In order to liberate people from sufferings as early as possible, we have to march ahead in correct line in irresistible motion. Our victory is inevitable. Let us, study Marxism emphatically and master it properly and accelerate liberation of people.

Peoples War in India Clippings 19/1/2015


40,000 trained as Maoists in 10 years:

RTI In the past 10 years, Communist Party of India (Maoists) organised as many as 489 training camps for more than 40,000 cadres who have been taught about the use of sophisticated weapons and guerrilla warfare, according to information obtained under the Right to Information (RTI) Act from the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). The revelations are significant as in the recent months several attacks on security personnel have been carried out by Maoists. These very 40,000 cadres have been trained over the years for such deadly attacks.

The original number of cadres trained could be much higher as this is just the data which MHA has recorded. The information provided by MHA under RTI shows that while there was a year-on-year increase in the number of training camps – from 16 in 2004 to 93 in 2010, thereafter the numbers decreased to five in 2014. While ministry officials are attributing the decrease to the success of Operation Green Hunt, Maoist experts claim that the rebels are shifting the districts of the training camps and thus the forces are not able to find out about the camps. “Because of the Operation Green Hunt the Maoists have not been able to organise training camps like before,” said an official who works in the Naxal Management Division of the MHA on condition of anonymity.

The Operation Green Hunt was launched in November 2009 during the previous UPA government and is described as an ‘all-out offensive’ by paramilitary forces and the state’s police against the Maoists. “MHA has no idea about the exact number of training camps. These numbers are their imagination. The actual numbers could be much higher. While Maoists shift base and the camp locations, the security forces and state police have eyes glued to the same spot,” said Suhas Chakma, Director, Asian Centre for Human Rights. For instance, not a single training camp was held until 2010 in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra. And since 2010 nearly 10 camps have been organised, training more than 1,000 cadre. “If they know about these camps, why are they not able to dismantle them,” asks Chakma.

The biggest challenge for the security forces came from the BJP-ruled Chhattisgarh, which tops the chart. Maoists organised 200 training camps in the forest areas during the above period and trained 20,000 cadres. Next in line is Jharkhand in which 12,582 cadres were trained in 136 camps. In the third position is Orissa with 4,136 cadres trained in 56 camps. As per the MHA data, preferred districts of organising camps have been Dantewada, Narayanpur in Chattishgarh and Giridih and Bokaro in Jharkhand. Cumulatively, more than 15,000 cadres were trained in these districts. Training camps have two major components – military and in-doctrine. The military training mainly consists of guerrilla warfare, ambush, handling of explosives and sophisticated weapons. Generally, such training camps are conducted for 10 to 15 days, but sometimes it lasts for more than a month. Under in-doctrine training, cadre are told about the Maoist ideology in details and explained about the ultimate objective.

Recoveries made during the raids conducted by the state police on Maoist training camps in the past give us a glimpse of what goes on in such training camps. Police have recovered devices ranging from solar plates and radio sets to tiffin bombs, guns and other explosives. “The newly recruited cadre that also includes young kids are trained in handling sophisticated weapons and explosives. They are also taught methods to escape and retaliate during a police crackdown,” said former Director General of Police Rahul Gopal, who is known for his anti-naxal operations in Gadchiroli district.


Naxalite killed, ASP bodyguard injured in encounter

Jamshedpur, Jan 18: A Naxalite was killed after security forces opened fire at the ultras at Vikrampur Village under Musabani Police Station on Sunday afternoon. During the encounter a policeman was who is also the body guard of ASP Shailendra Kumar Burnwal leading the operation against the naxals was critically injured. The injured jawan Dukhiya Murmu was soon rushed to Tata Main Hospital (TMH) and till writing down of this news the injured jawan remained critical. The Naxalite who was shot dead was identified as Kunda Murmu.

The encounter took place when ASP Shailendra Kumar Burnwal acting on a tip off entered the Vikrampur village with full force and seeing the naxals they opened fire and during the operation naxalite Kunda Murmu was shot dead while a jawan was injured.

States ask centre to bear cost of anti-Maoist operations

Home Minister Rajnath Singh Monday held a meeting with the chief ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh, during which the states demanded that the central government bear the cost of anti-Maoist operations. The Central Zonal Council meeting, held in the Uttar Pradesh capital after 20 years, was aimed at seeking solutions to inter-state disputes and to other problems faced by these states. Akhilesh Yadav (Uttar Pradesh), Shivraj Singh Chauhan (Madhya Pradesh), Harish Rawat (Uttarakhand) and Raman Singh (Chhattisgarh) discussed many pending issues with Rajnath Singh. The chief ministers demanded that the central government bear the cost of operations against Maoists.

Chhattisgarh officials said the state had spent Rs.3,200 crore on central forces involved in anti-Maoist operations in the last few years, and Briefing media persons after the meeting, Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Alok Ranjan said the meet also took up issues like better state-centre coordination, more fund for child welfare, rural employment guarantee scheme, improvement of airports, modernisation of police force, prison reforms, environment and groundwater recharge.

Division of assets and properties between the hill state of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh and hydropower projects in Uttarakhand were also discussed. The chief secretary said Uttar Pradesh prepared a proposal of Rs.6,000 crore for inter-state coordination, police modernisation, prison reforms, which the union home ministry accepted for consideration. Uttar Pradesh also sought funds for setting up of modern police control rooms on the lines of the Lucknow and Kanpur control rooms and one to coordinate between all police control rooms in the state.

Maoist killed in face-off with police

Raipur, Jan 19 (PTI) A Maoist was today killed in a gunbattle with police in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district. The cadre was gunned down following an exchange of fire between a team of local police and Maoists in a forest under Gangaloor Police Station limits Bijapur Superintendent of Police KL Dhruv said. A 303 rifle and a 9 mm pistol were recovered from the site, he said.