SHANSI AGAIN LASHES UPPER LEVEL AUTHORITY-1974 April 22

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1. Shansi Media Has Again Lashed Out At Upper Level Authority, This Time Broadly Endorsing Disobedience. “No Matter Who And No Matter When, So Long As There Are People Who Negate The Great Achievements” Of The Cultural Revolution, “the Masses Will Persist In Struggle And Attack Them…,” Says An April 10 Shansi Daily Newsletter Broadcast By Shansi Radio April 19.

Referring To The People Of Shansi’s Hsiyang County “under The Leadership Of Comrade Chen Yung-Juei” (Politburo Member And Agricultural Hero), The Newsletter Reports That “they No Longer Act Blindly On Instructions From Above, As They Did In The Past. Instead, They Ask ‘why’ About Each Instruction…They Implement All Correct Instructions…And Boycott And Struggle Against All Erroneous Ones.”

2. Comment.There Is No Doubt About The Current Context Of This Challenge To Upper Level Authority And While Shansi’s Provincial Leadership Is Clearly Under Attack, It Cannot Be Ruled Out That The Call For Local Scrutiny Of Upper Level Instructions May Apply To Some Policy Directions From The National Level. The Newsletter As Broadcast Seems Deliberately Ambiguous On This Point. It Appears To Pose Chen’s Country Bailiwick As A Model Of Rebellion Against Erroneous Instructions From Any Source.

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People’s War in India Clippings 30/9/2015

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Telangana: Hundreds arrested for protesting Maoists’ killings

Hundreds of activists from Left parties and other mass organisations across Telangana were arrested on Wednesday to halt their march to the state assembly to protest killing of two Maoists by police. Leaders and workers of various organisations were detained in different districts to prevent them from heading to Hyderabad for participating in the march called by the Telangana Democratic Front (TDF). Academician Chuka Ramaiah was kept under house arrest in Hyderabad but he said arrests will not stop the movement.

The assembly building in the heart of the city virtually turned into a fortress as police imposed restrictions on all roads leading towards the assembly. A large number of policemen were deployed in the area to prevent protesters. Tension prevailed at Osmania University as students gathered on the campus to march in violation of the prohibitory orders imposed by police. Policemen in riot gear were deployed at the gates to prevent students from coming out. Scores of students and their leaders were arrested at Osmania University and Nizam College hostels since Tuesday night. Police denied permission to the march on the ground that Maoists may participate in it and indulge in violence.

Those arrested in districts like Warangal, Khammam, Mahabubnagar, Karimnagar, Medak and Nalgonda include women and students. Raising slogan against the government and calling for an end to “fake encounters”, the protesters took out rallies in different parts of the state. Communist Party of India-Marxist Telangana state secretary T. Veerabhadram said 3,000 to 4,000 activists were arrested across the state. He termed the arrests as undemocratic. Maoists Shruthi and Vidyasagar were killed near Medaram of Warangal district on September 16. It was the first such killing after the formation of separate Telangana state last year. Terming it as a “fake encounter”, 370 organisations, including 10 left parties and the groups which fought for separate Telangana state, have come together under the banner of TDF to condemn the killings. It is demanding probe by a sitting judge.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/telangana-police-arrest-protesters-to-halt-march-to-assembly/story-R6g71eLoiGyCck9Kp4ul1I.html

Wanted Naxal Held in Chhattisgarh

RAIPUR: A 30-year-old naxal, who was carrying a reward of Rs 2 lakh on his head, was arrested today from Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Dantewada district, police said. The cadre identified as Budhram alias Hidma Podiyami, belonging to Indravati area committee of Maoists, was apprehended from Padarpara under Nelasnar police station limits, Dantewada Superintendent of Police, Kamlochan Kashyap told PTI. On receiving a tip-off that Podiyami had arrived in Padarpara–where victims of naxal violence during Salwa Judum movement and auxiliary police personnel reside–to conduct a recee, different teams of police were dispatched towards the spot, the SP said adding that after surrounding the place, he was nabbed.

Podiyami was wanted in several cases of naxal incidents, including attack at Tumnar weekly market of the district in which an assistant constable was killed and two others were injured, the SP said. He was associated with the banned outfit since his childhood as Sangham member. However, since after 2012, he has been serving as an active member of small action team of guerillas, the SP added.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Wanted-Naxal-Held-in-Chhattisgarh/2015/09/30/article3055564.ece

MAOISTS KILL ABDUCTED TROOPER IN BIJAPUR DIST

Maoists have killed an Assistant Constable who was abducted by rebels in insurgency-hit Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh, police said on Wednesday. Police have recovered the body of abducted Assistant Constable Pandu Ram Kudiyam (31) from a restive patch falling under limits of Farsegarh police station, informed police. It may be recalled that 31-year-old Assistant Constable recruited in Chhattisgarh Police as Auxiliary Personnel was abducted by insurgents when he was on his way to Farsegarh after attending some family related engagement in village Palmendri on Monday evening.

According to police sources, after being informed about a body lying on a road under Farsegarh police limits, a police team rushed to the spot and recovered the body of Kudiyam. Prima-facie and initial investigation indicates that the Assistant Constable was subjected to intense torture and later killed with sharp edged weapon.

http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/maoists-kill-abducted-trooper-in-bijapur-dist.html

Reds urge villagers to return home

KORAPUT: Maoists have denied terrorizing villagers in the cut-off area of Malkangiri district and accused police of trying to defame the outfit by spreading rumours. In a letter to mediapersons, secretary of Malkangiri-Vishaka division Benu said, “We have neither harmed anyone nor asked people to leave their villages. Police are luring people with false promises of jobs, houses and training at Chitrakonda and Malkangiri and spreading rumours that they are leaving villages due to Maoist fear.” The Maoist leader appealed to the villagers to return to their respective villages and live without any fear. “We work for the development of the tribals,” the letter said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhubaneswar/Reds-urge-villagersto-return-home/articleshow/49167432.cms

Two killed by Maoists

Two persons were killed by Maoists in two separate incidents allegedly for being police informers in Jharkhand, the police today said. A 25-year-old villager identified as Atwa Kharwar was shot dead by the Maoists this afternoon under Senha police station for being a police informer, the police said.

In another incident, a villager was brutally killed by the Maoists for a similar cause in Pandari under Taratand police station in Giridih district last midnight. Deputy Superintendent of Police, Sambhu Singh said the Maoists first shot the victim before slitting his throat. The identity of the victim has yet been ascertained, he said adding from the eight posters of the Maoist outfit recovered from the spot, the victim was named as Nimari Goswami.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/two-killed-by-maoists-115093001241_1.html

Brief Profile of Comrade Hijam Irabot

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Hijam Irabot:

• Born on 30 September 1896 at Oinam Leikai near Pishumthong, Imphal, Manipur.

• After his father’s death, he moved with his mother to stay with his aunt Sougaijam Ongbi Ibeton Devi at Moirangkhom Sawaijam, Imphal. After his mother’s death and his return from Dacca in 1915 he was sheltered in the house of Maibam Samden of Wangkhei, Imphal.

• He was known as Jana-Neta (Leader of the people) by the Cacharis, Simanta Prahari (Sentinel of the Frontier) by Hemango Biswas, AFOJI ( elder comrade in Burmese or, comrade Ahal to the armed Manipuri red guards) by the then Burmese Communist Party.

Father’s Name:

• Hijam Ibungohal

Mother’s Name:

• Chongtham Ningol Thambalngambi of Hijam Leikai

Spouse’s Name:

• Rajkumari Khomdonsana, daughter of MK Chandrahas, elder brother of the then reigning King Churachand.

Schools attended:

• Johnstone Higher Secondary School, Imphal (upto Class seven).

• Pugoj High School, Dhaka, in present day Bangladesh (upto class nine). In 1915, he dropped out due to shortage of money and went to Agartala.

Literature & Journalism:

• Editor, Meitei Chanu, a hand written magazine brought out in 1922.

• Author, Saidem Seireng, a text book purchased from him by the Manipur State Durbar on 4 December 1929 and prescribed as a textbook for the High School students of fifth class.

• Author, Mohini, a novel published in serialized from, from August 1931 in Yakairol monthly. • • • •

• Author, Dalil Amasung Darkhast Iba, printed in 1933.

Founder General Secretary, Manipur Sahitya Parishad; 1937 and 1938.

Author of a collection of poems, Imagi Puja, written in Shylhet jail, published in 1987.

Founder cum editor, weekly Anouba Jug, from 13 April 1947 onwards.

Author of Lokmanya Tilak (Biography), Jaymati (Drama), Gomati (play) and translated Bankimchandra’s novel, Krishna Kanter Will into Manipuri – many of these are still in manuscripts.

Art & Culture:

• Acted in Bengali plays during the early period (1915-20).

• Acted in both male and female characters in early 1930s

• Played the role of Kumud in his first historical play in Nara Singh (1925).

• Played the role of Chandra Singh in Areppa Marup, social play of S. Lalit Singh,

• Played the role of Baladeva in the Manipuri version of the play, Debala Devi.

• Acted in Satee Khongnang.

• Founding member, Manipur Dramatic Union (MDU, established in 1931

Sports:

• Played hockey, football, cricket, tennis and badminton.

• Encouraged Sat-jal, Manipuri martial art.

• Founder member, Imphal Town Club, a premier sports club in his time.

• Founder member, Manipur Sports Association.

Appointment:

• Member of the Sadar Panchayat Court; appointed on 1 April 1930 and resigned on the 17 March, 1939.

Organisational experience:

• Founder, Bal Sangha and Chatra Sanmelan while in Johnstone Higher Secondary School • • •

• President of the Reception Committee of Manipuri Sabha, appointed in November 1933.

Original member, Manipuri Mahasabha, in early 1930s.

Founder member, Nikhil Manipuri Hindu Mahasabha, 30 May 1934 at Imphal (later on Nikhil Manipuri Mahasabha).

On 15 Feb 1939 the NMM was declared an illegal organization. On 7 January 1940, Irabot defected from the Mahasabha on matters regarding the non- agreement on physically supporting the Nupi-lan among its members. Founder of various organizations; Krishak Sabha Praja Mandal, Praja Sanmelani, Mahila Sanmelani, Youth League, etc.

Communist Background:

• During the Nupi Lan, that was broke out since 12 December 1939, Irabot was arrested on 9 January 1940 and sentenced to 3 years imprisonment for a speech delivered on 7 January 1940 at the Police Line Bazar. He was previously kept at the Imphal jail but shifted to Sylhet jail. In the Sylhet jail he came across Congress and Communist leaders. Irabot was released from the Sylhet jail on 20 March 1943. But he was not permitted to enter Manipur. He stayed in Cachar to work among the Manipuri peasants and also among the non-Manipuri ex teagarden workers. There he joined the Kishan movements. He kept in touch with the communist leaders and attended the first congress of the Communist party of India that was held at Bombay from 23 May to 1 June, 1943 as a special invitee from Cachar.

• In Cachar he organized cultural squads known as Swadesh Ganer Dal, which was later on incorporated in the Indian People’s Theatre Association. He led a delegation from Cachar to the All India Kishan Sabha session held at Netra Kona in Mymensing District of Bengal. In March 1844, he went to Bejwada (Katakual Village) to join the Kishan Conference and stayed for sometime at the Bengal Communist Party office. The same year he went to Sylhet to join the annual session of the Surma valley provisional Kishan Sabha. Irabot was detained as a security prisoner in the Silchar District jail with effect from 15 September 1944 on the charge that he was a communist. He was released on 10 January 1945. After more than 5 years of political exile Irabot was given permission to stay in  Manipur for a week i.e., from 2 to 10 September, 1945.

His request for an extension of his stay in Manipur was denied. He came back to Cachar and carried out peasants’ movement. He was appointed General Secretary of the Cachar District Kishan Sabha and President of the Surma Valley Kishan Sabha. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Assam Kisha Sabha, the CPI Assam Provincial Committee, and the Assam Students’ Federation. He contested in the 1946 election to the Assam Provincial Legislatures Assembly from the Silchar constituency as a CPI candidate. Irabot was finally permitted to enter Manipur in March 1946. In Manipur he organized a new party called the Manipur Praja Mandal in April 1946. He attended two sessions of the Nikhil Manipuri Mahasabha before he was expelled from the membership of the Working Committee of the Mahasabha on the charge of being a member of the Communist Party of India. He attended the second congress of the CPI held at Calcutta from 28 Feb to 6 March 1948.

The first Communist Party of Manipur was formed on 23 August 1948. In the June/ July 1948 election to the Manipur Assembly, Irabot contested and won under from the Utlou Constituency as a Krishak Sabha candidate. Before the inauguration of the Assembly, Irabot on behalf of the Manipur Praja Sangha and Manipur Krishak sabha called a meeting at the M.D.U Hall on 21 September 1948, to protest against the formation of Purbachal Pradesh, comprising of Manipur, Tripura, Cachar and Lushai Hills.

A scuffle took place at Pungdongbam when the Manipur Sate Police prevented a group of citizens who came to attend the meeting in which a police officer was killed on the spot. The Manipur state council declared the Manipur Praja Sangha and Manipur Krishak Sabha unlawful. The state officials declined to constitute an Enquiry Committee to investigate the Pungdongbam incident. Irabot could not attend the first meeting of the Manipur Legislative Assembly held on 18 October 1948 because of the warrant against him. Irabot formed an underground Communist Party of Manipur on 29 October 1948 and carried out armed struggle against the government. He died on 26 September 1951 at the foothills of the Anggo Hills.

People’s War in India Clippings 29/9/2015

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Maoist leader’s letter to cadre: ‘100 Maoists killed in a year… very big loss to movement’

In a letter intercepted by the police, CPI (Maoist) Central Committee spokesperson Abhay has admitted that about 100 Maoists were killed in a year. The letter, written in Gondi language for the ground-level militia members, was issued on the occasion of the 11th anniversary of the outfit in September. “This is a very big loss to the movement,” Abhay said in the letter, which was recovered recently from an encounter spot at Chichoda in Gadchiroli.

The letter also referred to the arrest of Delhi University professor GN Saibaba and Delhi student Hem Mishra in the context of the “ looter government’s bid to suppress revolution.” “The Government of India is trying to suppress revolution by saying that our party, leadership and revolutionary agitation is gaining in strength,” Abhay wrote, adding: “In 2014, Maharashtra police arrested revolutionary comrade and RDF leader G N Saibaba, who is 90 per cent disabled and yet was incarcerated in jail for 14 months without bail.

He was finally granted bail on health ground. Delhi University student Hem Mishra arrested in 2013 has been in jail without bail.” The letter predates Mishra’s release, who was granted bail earlier this month. Abhay also referred to arrests of K Muralidharan and his courier (Cherukapalli Ismail) at Pune in May this year, and that of Pravin Tanna, his wife Saina and three others as a very big loss to the party. “The revolutionary agitation in the tri-junction area (Karnataka-Tamil Nadu-Kerala) in the Western Ghats has also suffered a very big loss…The Ninth Congress of the party has decided to concentrate on attacking the enemy in Bihar and Jharkhand where the party cadres have suffered maximum damage,” Abhay said. The letter also hinted at preparing the hilly terrain of Odisha as an alternative base to the present headquarters of Abujmad.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/maoist-leaders-letter-to-cadre-100-maoists-killed-in-a-year-very-big-loss-to-movement/

Court grants 3-month bail to Naxal leader Kobad Ghandy

New Delhi: Top Maoist ideologue Kobad Ghandy, accused of trying to set up a base for banned outfit CPI (Maoist) here, has been granted interim bail for three months by a Delhi court on health grounds. The court said that 65-year-old Ghandy, who is in custody in this case since September 2009, was suffering from various ailments and his condition has “visibly deteriorated” during the period of trial. “In these facts and circumstances, I admit accused Kobad Ghandy to interim bail for a period of three months on his furnishing a personal bond in the sum of Rs one lakh and two sureties of the like amount,” Additional Sessions Judge (ASJ) Reetesh Singh said. The court is currently recording prosecution evidence in the case in which Ghandy along with co-accused Rajender Kumar alias Arvind Joshi is facing trial.

Ghandy is facing trial for alleged offences punishable under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act(UAPA) and various provisions of the IPC. The court had framed charges against Rajender Kumar under several IPC sections. During arguments on bail plea, Ghandy’s counsel told the court that his client was suffering from multiple ailments for which he required constant medical treatment which was not properly provided in the jail. The court had called for a report from the superintendent of Tihar jail regarding Ghandy’s medical condition and after perusing it, the judge said, “it is apparent that Kobad Ghandy is suffering from a host of medical ailments”. “He (Ghandy) is aged about 65 years. His condition has visibly deteriorated during the period the trial of this case has progressed before this court,” the court said. Ghandy, an alumnus of the prestigious Doon School and St Xavier’s College Mumbai, is facing prosecution in around 20 criminal and terror cases in different parts of the country.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/delhi/court-grants-3-month-bail-to-naxal-leader-kobad-ghandy_1803860.html

Bihar polls: 900 arrests, security at unprecedented high

Patna, Sept 29: In the run up to the Bihar elections, 900 persons including naxals and criminals have been arrested. The clean up operations were carried out by the security personnel part of special operations. Security personnel are keeping a close watch on anti social elements and naxals in particular. The first phase in which the South of Bihar would go to polls is extremely crucial. A majority of the naxal hotbeds fall in the south of Bihar. Cleaning up the mess Bihar in the coming days would resemble a fortress of security personnel. The Election Commission of India has said that it wants the central forces in 100 per cent strength at the polling booths. The security personnel from the central forces who have been in Bihar since the start of September with the help of the local police have identified 900 criminals and placed them under arrest. Out of the 900 persons, 60 are naxalites, officials confirmed while also adding that there were at least 15 encounters in naxal belts before the persons were arrested.

The security forces have also seized 105 kilograms of explosives which were being stocked in a bid to disrupt the polls. Apart from this, illegal weapons numbering 40 and five hand grenades have also been seized by the security forces who continue to comb areas prone to violence. Red alert In the wake of the naxals giving a call to boycott the elections in Southern and eastern Bihar, there are areas where a red alert has been sounded. Jamui, Jehanabad, Aurangabad and Gaya have been identified as highly vulnerable and security has been stepped up. Intelligence inputs suggest that in parts of Southeastern Bihar the naxals have called for a boycott of the elections. The security personnel would do everything to ensure that the people in these areas are able to vote without any fear.

http://www.oneindia.com/india/bihar-polls-900-arrests-security-at-unprecedented-high-1883789.html

CRPF sets up 4 field hospitals in Maoist heartland of Bastar

New Delhi, Sept 29 (PTI) To swiftly provide medical aid to troops undertaking anti-Naxal operations, the CRPF has set up four field hospitals deep inside the Maoist heartland of Bastar in Chhattisgarh. The force has named these facilities after a local tribal leader. The demand for such hospitals had been made as contingents of security forces, largely CRPF and its elite commando squad CoBRA, are deployed in remote jungle areas and transportation is a challenge owing to the Naxal strategy of stealthily planting land mines in roads and laying deadly ambushes.

“One of our major challenges was the delay in the evacuation of injured men especially in improvised explosive device (IED) blasts. We have set up four field hospitals in Chintalnar, Chintagufa, Bheji and Basaguda which are right in the heart of the conflict zones so that we can provide care to our jawans during the golden hour,” CRPF Director General Prakash Mishra told PTI.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/6555761_CRPF-sets-up-4-field-hospitals-in-Maoist-heartland-of-Bastar-.html

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Attempts Made to Introduce Maoism in Gujarat: Chief Minister Anandiben

PANAJI: Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel today said that despite attempts to introduce Maoism in Gujarat, left-inspired violence had not covered much ground because of “pro-active steps for all-round development of tribals in our state”. “The spread of influence of extremist elements is a matter of common concern. Gujarat has remained unaffected despite attempts to introduce Maoism in the state,” Ms Patel said in her speech at a Western Zonal Council meeting in Panaji.

States that are mostly unaffected by Maoist violence should be equipped to defeat attempts to introduce violence, she said. “We would welcome a specific policy to put in place a mechanism to ensure that those state which are today mostly unaffected by Maoist violence can be equipped to defeat attempts to introduce violence,” she said, adding that a “proactive strategy to foster development and counter extremism will surely save lives and resources in future”. The meeting was attended by top politicians and bureaucrats from western Indian states like Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra and Union territories Daman and Diu.

http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/attempts-made-to-introduce-maoism-in-gujarat-chief-minister-anandiben-1224342

Criticizing the Programme for Capitalist Restoration-1976

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TEACHERS, and students of Peking University are now deepening their criticism of the revisionist programme of “taking the three directives as the key link” dished up by that unrepentant Party person in power taking the capitalist road. The aim of this programme, they pointed out, is to restore capitalism. They are taking an active part in the struggle to beat back the Right deviationist wind of negating the Great Cultural Revolution. The three directives from Chairman Mao are: studying the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat and combating and preventing revisionism; stability and unity; and pushing the national economy forward. They were given on different occasions and under different circumstances.

With a view to changing the Party’s basic line and restoring capitalism, that unrepentant capitalist-roader in the Party, with ulterior motives, placed the last two directives on an equal footing with the directive on studying the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat and put forward the slogan of “taking the three directives as the key link.” He hoped in this way to negate Chairman Mao’s consistent teachings that we must always take class struggle as the key link and grasp the class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie.

Chairman Mao has pointed out: “What ‘taking the three directives as the key link’! Stability and unity do not mean writing off class struggle; class struggle is the key link and everything else hinges on it.” This important instruction is a criticism directed against that slogan. In the light of this instruction, the faculty members and students of Peking University reviewed the past year’s fierce struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lines. The spring of 1975 saw the whole Patty, the whole army and the people of the whole country conscientiously studying our great leader Chairman Mao’s important directive on studying the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Chairman Mao has pointed out: “Why did Lenin speak of exercising dictatorship over the bourgeoisie? It is essential to get this question clear. Lack of clarity on this question will lead to revisionism. This should be made known to the whole nation.”. “Our country at present practises a commodity system, the wage system is unequal, too, as in the eight-grade wage scale, and so forth. Under the dictatorship of the proletariat such things can only be restricted. Therefore, if people like Lin Piao come to power, it will be quite easy for them to rig up the capitalist system.” While the revolutionary masses studied and discussed the directive with great enthusiasm, those representing the interests of the bourgeoisie and trying to restore capitalism were filled with fear, and they resisted and opposed the criticism of revisionism and resented the criticism of bourgeois right. So they tried to undermine the study of the directive.

At this time that unrepentant capitalist-roader in the Party came out with the slogan of “taking the three directives as the key link” and preached everywhere that it was the “key link for work in all fields.” What should be the key link in the entire historical period of socialism? Marx and Engels pointed out: “For almost forty years we have stressed the class struggle as the immediate driving power of history, and in particular the class struggle between bourgeoisie and proletariat as the great lever of the modern social revolution; it is, therefore, impossible for us to co-operate with people who wish to expunge this class struggle from the movement.” (Marx and Engels to A. Bebel, W. Liebknecht, W. Bracke and Others [“Circular Letter”].)

Lenin pointed out: “The dictatorship of the proletariat is not the end of class struggle but its continuation in new forms. The dictatorship of the proletariat is class struggle waged by a proletariat that is victorious and has taken political power into its hands against a bourgeoisie that has been defeated but not destroyed, a bourgeoisie that has not vanished, not ceased to offer resistance, but that has intensified its resistance.” (Foreword to the Published Speech “Deception of the People with Slogans of Freedom and Equality.”)

As early as at the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Party on the eve of country-wide liberation when the Chinese revolution was moving from the new-democratic revolution to the socialist revolution, Chairman Mao pointed out that after the seizure of political power throughout the country, the main internal contradiction would be “the contradiction between the working class and the bourgeoisie.” Later, after the socialist transformation of the ownership of the means of production was in the main completed, he again taught the whole Party: “The class struggle is by no means over. The class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, the class struggle between the different political forces, and the class struggle in the ideological field between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie will continue to be long and tortuous and at times will even become very acute.” (On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People.)

In 1962, Chairman Mao pointed out: “Never forget classes and class struggle” and formulated for our Party its basic line for the entire historical period of socialism. In 1965, while criticizing Liu Shao-chi’s revisionist line, Chairman Mao once again pointed out: “Class contradiction, the class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie and the struggle between the socialist road and the capitalist road exist throughout the transitional period. We shall go astray if we forget this fundamental theory and practice of our Party over the last dozen years or so.”

The wise theses of the revolutionary teachers enabled the faculty members, students, staff members and workers of the university to understand that in a class society, class struggle is the motive force and lever of historical development. Throughout the period of socialism, there are classes, class contradictions and class struggle. The contradiction between the proletariat and bourgeoisie is the principal contradiction “whose existence and development determine or influence the existence and development of the other contradictions.” (Mao Tsetung: On Contradiction.) In putting forward the slogan of taking the three directives as “the key link for work in all fields,” that unrepentant capitalist-roader in the Party aimed at negating class struggle as the key link, but this is precisely the core of the Party’s basic line. Why did he want to negate class struggle as the key link?

Facts show that he wanted to restore capitalism. When he negated class struggle as the key link, he did not mean writing off class struggle altogether, his real aim was to blunt the revolutionary vigilance of the proletariat and the masses. What he wanted was to negate the class struggle waged by the proletariat against the bourgeoisie; as for the bourgeoisie’s attack against the proletariat, he had no intention of giving it up, but was actually intensifying it. The revolutionary teachers, students, staff members and workers of Peking University cited facts to show that the unrepentant capitalist-roader in the Party, while talking about the need to carry out Chairman Mao’s three directives, was actually pouring cold water on the revolutionary masses in their movement to study the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat, expanding bourgeois right, widening the three major differences between town and country, between worker and peasant and between mental and manual labour.

With the attitude of a bourgeois aristocratic overlord, he whipped up the Right deviationist wind to reverse correct verdicts and spread the nonsense that “the present is not as good as the past”; he tried to negate the achievements of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and suppress the socialist new things. That capitalist-roader still on the capitalist road lauded to the skies those bourgeois intellectuals in certain departments who had not remoulded their ideology, and placed them above the Party committee; meanwhile, he tried his best to sow discord between the intellectuals and the Party and opposed intellectuals advancing along Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line.

This capitalist-roader who refuses to mend his ways distorted the slogan for stability and unity and sabotaged stability and unity in every way; he negated the three-in-one combination of the old, the middle-aged and the young in the leading bodies. Facts show that practising revisionism inevitably leads to splits. That capitalist-roader himself was the cause of splits. He tried unscrupulously to split the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao. Using development of the national economy and modernization of industry, agriculture, national defence and science and technology as his ensign to hoodwink people, he stirred up a “hurricane for vocational work” and an “economic hurricane” in an attempt to sweep away proletarian politics, the key link of class struggle and the Party’s basic line and replace them with a revisionist line.

In some units, things that had been thoroughly repudiated during the Great Cultural Revolution such as material incentives and putting profits in command were brought back. Facts have helped the revolutionary teachers, students, staff members and workers of Peking University understand that if classes, class struggle and the dictatorship of the proletariat are forgotten, then, as Chairman Mao has pointed out, “it would not be long, perhaps only several years or a decade, or several decades at most, before a counter-revolutionary restoration on a national scale would inevitably occur, the Marxist-Leninist Party would undoubtedly become a revisionist party, a fascist party, and the whole of China would change its colour.”

Through criticism of the revisionist programme of “taking the three directives as the key link,” the revolutionary teachers, students, staff members and workers of the university have come to see more clearly than before that the current counter-attack against the Right deviationist wind is a major struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, a continuation of the struggle between Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line and the revisionist line of Liu Shao-chi and Lin Piao and a continuation and deepening of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

Peking Review, #13, March 26, 1976

People’s War in India Clippings 9/28/2015

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Bihar polls: Most challenging polls for security forces

Patna, Sept 28: The biggest challenge ahead in the Bihar assembly elections are the security arrangements. There will be 500 companies of the central forces which will be in Bihar till the elections are complete. The biggest challenge is however, the first phase of the elections which will be conducted in South of Bihar. The South of Bihar faces the biggest problem from naxals and there are intelligence inputs that suggest that they will try and disrupt the elections. A large part of the security mechanism will be in South Bihar which goes to polls on October 12 and 16 as part of the first phase. Naxal alert: The Bihar state intelligence unit has warned that the naxals would try and strike during the elections.

The naxals while examining the CPI(Maoist) foundation week reiterated their resolve to carry out more strikes. Intelligence alerts went on to suggest that they would make attempts to target the central forces. The Central Reserve Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Border Security Force, Sashastra Seema Bal and Indo-Tibetan Border Police would be in their full strength during the conduct of the Bihar elections. With the naxal alert being sounded very high, the local police who are familiar with the terrain would conduct regular combing operations. The task would be to identify landmines and defuse them. The naxals normally tend to target the forces from the centre.

Moreover, forces from the centre are more vulnerable to a naxal hit as they are not familiar with the terrain. The Home Ministry has instructed the Bihar administration to ensure that the local police cooperate fully with the central forces and there should not be any untoward incident during the elections. Naxals shall not disrupt the elections at any cost, the Home Ministry has stated. Apart from being on guard, the central forces would be in full force at the booths.

The Election Commission has this time said that it wants the booths to be guarded by the central forces 100 per cent. Earlier the norm was that security at the booths would be divided by the central and state forces on a 60:40 ratio. This time around the EC wants to take no chances and has sought for a 100 per cent deployment of central forces at the polling booths.

http://www.oneindia.com/india/bihar-polls-most-challenging-polls-for-security-forces-1882915.html

Maoist rebels obstruct construction of crucial bridge in Jharkhand

Palamu, Sep 28 (ANI): Maoist rebels obstructed the construction of a bridge in Palamu district of Jharkhand and set ablaze a poclain machine. The bridge, if completed, would increase police patrolling in the area, which is why the Maoist rebels do not want it to be constructed.

http://www.aninews.in/videogallery2/43396-maoist-rebels-obstruct-construction-of-crucial-bridge-in-jharkhand.html

‘Abolish Greyhounds’

Eminent academic and human rights activist Prof. G. Haragopal called for the abolition of the Greyhounds police force in Telangana. He demanded that the State government come out with an explanation on the recent encounter wherein two Maoists – Sruthi and Vidyasagar Reddy were killed in Warangal. Prof. Haragopal was addressing a meeting held in memory of slain Maoist Sruthi at her residence in Hanamkonda on Sunday. “The State government should put an end to these fake encounters,” he said. Revolutionary poet Varavara Rao said the recent encounter was the beginning of the end of the TRS rule.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/abolish-greyhounds/article7697109.ece

PROBLEMS IN SHANGHAI-1974 March 1

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Summary. A Shanghai Newspaper Has Attacked Those Who Are “Perverting” The Anti-Lin/Confucius Campaign Within That City.The Commentary Seemingly Places Shanghai Squarely Behind The Campaign’s Recent Shift Toward Moderation. End Summary.

1. A Shanghai Newspaper Has Alluded To Recent Serious Problems In That City. The Allusion, In A February 24 Wen Hui Pao Commentary, Relates To The Slogan ” Carry Forward The Spirit Of The Stormy January Revolution.” (A Reference To The 1967 Shanghai January Storm). According To Wen Hui Pao, “Class Enemies Are Either Perverting This Slogan Or Using It As A Cover While Engaging In Ulterior Criminal Activities, And…Even Among Our Own Ranks, Some Comrades’ Understanding Of The Slogan Is Based On A Bourgeois World Outlook.” Behind This Unusual Media Reference To Present-Day” Class Enemies” And ” Criminal Activities” Is A Sense Of Something Having Gone Very Much Awry In Shanghai’s Carrying Out Of The Anti-Lin/Confucius Movement, And Of Wen Hui Pao–And Shanghai’s Leadership–Having To Correct The Error In Some Fashion.

2. The Rest Of The Commentary Leaves No Doubt That Shanghai Is Being Drawn Behind The Recent Shift Toward Moderation (REFTELS). Making A “Very Necessary” Explanation Of The “Stormy January Revolution” Slogan, Wen Hui Pao Says That “At Present,” It Means “We Must Diligently Study.” The Newspaper Even (Inaccurately) Proclaims That The Disruptive And Violent 1967 January Storm “United” Revolutionaries ” Together” And Was Waged By Workers Who Used The “Pen” As Their “Sword And Gun.” It Quotes Copiously From The February 20 Editorial, Then Goes On To Emphasize That Making Revolution Is A “Spare Time” Activity Not To Be Set Against Production. Such Language Reverses Shanghai’s Previous Stress On Revolution Over Production.

3. Comment. Shanghai Has Recently Seemed Particularly Sensitive About Violence, And Its Journal, Study And Criticism, Has Already Sought To Cast The January Storm As Leading To Law And Order, Not Violence (HONG Kong 229). If Shanghai Leaders Such As Chang Chun-Chiao Are Defensive About Their Involvement With Cultural Revolution Disorders, They might Be Expected To React Sharply To Any Breakdown Of Order In Areas Under Their Control ( See WR9). In Any Case, The Newspaper Commentary And The Reported Removal Of Anti-Lin/Confucius Posters In Shanghai (HONG Kong 2304) Suggest The Campaign Has Definitely Been Turned Down In China’s Largest And Most Radical City.

Allen

People’s War in India Clippings 27/9/2015

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Protest against police murders of Sruthi and Sagar in Hyderabad-Signalfire.

14 encounters with naxalites after Bihar poll notification issued

Security forces have engaged in 14 encounters with Left Wing insurgent groups operating in areas near Bihar-Jharkhand border and apprehended 50 alleged Naxals since the 2015 assembly elections notification was released early this month. According to officials, following the election notification, Naxalite groups based in Southern Bihar and Jharkhand have called for a statewide boycott of the 2015 polls due in October. Gauging the developments in the past two weeks and based on inputs from intelligence agencies, central government has further decided to increase security in Southern districts Bihar in order to produce a conducive environment for elections to be held.

Among the districts which will see an increase in deployment of security forces are Jamui, Jahanabad, Aurangabad and Gaya. A senior official of the Central Reserve Police Force while confirming the development stated that orders from the Ministry of Home Affairs have laid emphasis that a repetition of violence that was witnessed during the 2010 Bihar elections must not allowed this time around. In 2010, 10 officers of the security forces were killed in three improvised explosive device (IED) blasts that rocked Gaya and Sheohar districts of Bihar during the state elections.

While six officers were killed when a police vehicle carrying them was blasted by Maoists in Shayampur Baitha area of Sheohar district, four members of the bomb disposal squad were were killed in two separate incidents while trying to defuse IEDs planted in Banke Bazaar and Dumaria areas of Gaya district.

Official sources told dna that security arrangements this election will be more elaborate than the one in 2010. “The number of security officers will be more as compared to the previous elections,” the source said. The increase of deployment of personnel will be seen in the CRPF, Indo-Tibetan Border Police and Border Security Forces. “Ever since the elections were announced our forces have engaged in 14 encounters with Left Wing extremists.

During various area domination exercises we have been able to recover 60 IED’s ,55 ammunition and seven arms. 50 persons with Naxalite links have also been apprehend and the operation will mostly likely not end till the elections are conducted without Naxal group disrupting them,” said a senior security official posted in the area. The official added that the four districts that will see a heavy deployment of forces have seen some of the worst phases of both Maoist and Naxalite movement.” Among the districts which continue to show signs of Naxalism are Jamui and Jahanabad. But the threat extends to both Gaya and Aurangabad where we have witnessed violent incidents in the past,” added the official.

Jamui, where elections will be held in the first phase is the constituency of Lok Janshakti Party’s Dalit leader Ram Vilas Paswan. He was elected as member of 16th Lok Sabha after the 2014 general election from Hajipur constituency, while his son Chirag Paswan won from Jamui constituency. Aurangabad, which shares its border with Gaya district, has a predominant population from the landlord community, has also witnessed noticeable rise of Naxal movement. “We have received inputs of a movement against elections gaining momentum in these districts and necessary measure will be taken to counter the same,” said the official.

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-14-encounters-with-naxalites-after-bihar-poll-notification-issued-2128956

Security forces vs Naxal turf war in central Gadchiroli

Nagpur: The central part of the Naxal-affected Gadchiroli district has become a hotbed of action as security forces and rebel cadres are vying for supremacy in the crucial zone in the heartland of state’s guerrilla movement. A half-dozen encounters in the past few months have only underlined the fact that Naxals and security forces are in no mood to spare even an inch ground to each other. Security forces seem to have gained ground as the Gadchiroli police have opened a number of posts in the central region which was once a rebel stronghold.

The Naxal domination in the region had been such in the past that police and paramilitary forces would avoid the 35 square-kilometer stretch. Threats in the form of landmine and ambushes would often take cops by surprise. The region’s forest zones, mostly uncharted by the security forces till last year, also served as resting and meeting place for the Naxal leadership converging from south and north, and also neighbouring districts of Kanker and Narayanpur of Chattisgarh.

The region was earlier also labelled as the first stepping stone before venturing into the Naxal stronghold of Abujmadh which straddles Chattisgarh and Maharashtra. “The Naxal presence in the central region can be also viewed as their first line of defence before one can cross into Abujmadh,” said Ravindra Kadam, Nagpur IGP, Naxal range. The opening of the police posts, especially at Kotmi, in February this year has lent an edge to the police force.

Apart from a permanent police presence, it also dented the Naxal militia base here among the traditional supporters who had been under the influence of senior Naxal cadres for long. There had been 14 surrenders from Kotmi, including its militia commander, after the post opened at Kotmi. Naxals are now also trying to instill fear among the minds of the tribal by resorting to civilian killings. One of their first target was surrendered militia commander Madhao Podao. Gadchiroli SP Sandip Patil said Naxals are desperately trying to win back domination in the region as it serves as a link to adjoining districts of Chandrapur and also the state of Chhattisgarh. “There is a plan to open more armed outposts and ensure deeper police presence on a permanent basis,” he said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/Security-forces-vs-Naxal-turf-war-in-central-Gadchiroli/articleshow/49120818.cms

Naxal camp busted in Chhattsigarh’s Kanker

Raipur: Security forces have unearthed a transit Naxal camp after a gun-battle with the ultras in insurgency-hit Kanker district, police said on Sunday. “The face off between a joint team of security personnel and rebels took place in restive Chalechur hills under Korar Police Station limits yesterday,” Kanker Superintendent of Police, Jitendra Singh Meena, said. Acting on a tip-off about the presence of rebels in Korar region, around 250 kms away from here, a joint squad of Border Security Force (BSF) and district force was dispatched.

While security forces were encircling the Chalechur hills to clamp down on Naxals, some armed rebels spotted them and opened indiscriminate firing, following which jawans retaliated, the SP said. The ensuring gun-fight lasted for around half-an-hour before ultras fled to the core forests, he said.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/chhattisgarh/naxal-camp-busted-in-chhattsigarhs-kanker_1802873.html

Naxals’ Writ Runs in South Chhattisgarh: CRPF DG

NEW DELHI: Maoists’ writ runs in large swathes of mineral-rich south Chhattisgarh, posing the “biggest challenge” for security forces deployed for anti-Naxal operations, the chief of CRPF, the largest paramilitary force tasked with the exercise, has said. The area has become one of the deadliest as it sits on a four-way junction where Chhattisgarh shares its borders with three other Naxal-affected states of Maharashtra, Odisha and Telangana.

“South Chhattisgarh continues to pose the biggest challenge for security forces where almost 11,000 sq kms has no presence of security forces which gives Maoists the liberty to unleash their free reign. However, it is only a matter of time before the void is filled,” CRPF Director General Prakash Mishra told PTI in an interview.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Naxals-Writ-Runs-in-South-Chhattisgarh-CRPF-DG/2015/09/27/article3050183.ece

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Bauxite mining could spur a Maoist revival in tribal areas

Ignoring the groundswell of public opinion against a resumption of bauxite mining, the Andhra Pradesh government has been taking concrete steps to start mineral exploration in the Eastern Ghats. The Maoists have used this opportunity to try winning support of the tribals. Ever since the Communist Party of India (Maoist) [CPI (Maoist)] made a tactical retreat from the undivided Andhra Pradesh in 2004, engagements between the naxalites and the State police have been rare and unspectacular.

Though the Maoists retained a presence in the tribal Agency areas in north coastal Andhra, a sort of ceasefire has prevailed, with either side preferring not to cross the other’s path. But recent events indicate that the tribal hills of north Andhra are rumbling again. Three days ago, the naxalites abducted a sarpanch (village head). Last week, the Telangana police killed two Maoists in an alleged encounter in Warangal district. Just a few days later, three more extremists, including a top functionary of CPI (Maoist), were slain just beyond the inter-State border in Odisha. Given the extremely adversarial relationship between the two, it does not take much to resume the Danse Macabre.

However, a significant factor in the naxalites getting active again in the Agency areas of Visakhapatnam is the State government’s intent to resume bauxite mining in the tribal hills. Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu declared this on World Tribal Day last year and repeated it this year too. Vulnerable areas along border Last week, the CPI (Maoist) celebrated its Foundation Week in Srikakulam district in north Andhra, the very place where the party’s precursor, People’s War, staged its first uprising in 1969.

On its part, the police are beginning to mobilise their own machinery to stop the naxalites from coming back to the plains areas of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. As many as eight places in the Srikakulam district along the thickly forested inter-State border have been identified as vulnerable and additional forces have been kept at strategic places along the Andhra-Odisha border. The government is going to establish an exclusive AP Special Police battalion in Srikakulam district due to its vulnerability to naxalite influence. “Stationing of extra forces is the need of the hour to curb Maoist activities along the AP-Odisha border,” said a senior officer. These efforts are in addition to the new battalion of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the 198th Battalion, which was raised with headquarters in Visakhapatnam to cover the three north Andhra districts. As always, the police adopt good cop/bad cop tactics. In north Andhra, the police have been trying hard to get closer to the tribals with their community policing initiatives.

Though the tribals participate in such activities under pressure, there has been a significant shift away from the Maoists. Moves to resume mining are not popular among the tribal people. There is a groundswell opinion among them against bauxite mining, which they believe will only displace them while enriching the plainspeople. Opinion is so strong against mining that ‘bauxite’ is, for all purposes, a banned word in the Agency area. But, ignoring the public opinion, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) government has been taking concrete steps to start mineral exploration in the Eastern Ghats. To sway public opinion, the AP Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) has hired some educated local people to act as ‘facilitators’, people who will sell the idea of bauxite mining to their communities. The Maoists have seen in all this an opportunity to win the favour of the tribals.

They have been organising opposition to mining, and staging coercive steps to deter people from supporting mining activities. The APMDC’s facilitators have been warned, and some of their houses even burnt down. They were immediately shifted away by APMDC. Many other moves of the TDP Government have further alienated the tribals and prepared the ground further for the Maoists. The government has given the Tribal Welfare portfolio to a non-tribal. The statutory Tribal Advisory Council has not been constituted even after more than a year of its coming to power. The Maoists, on the other hand, have used the bauxite issue to stage a comeback in the tribal hills. The CPI (Maoist) top leaders have reportedly been touring villages on the Andhra-Odisha border area to give a boost to the anti-bauxite agitation. Meetings with tribal leaders are reportedly being organised in the interior areas. The response is said to be good. The Agency area could see violence in the future if the government goes ahead with bauxite mining. In such a situation, it won’t be a surprise if the tribal people support the Maoists in their bid to stop mining.

The region, one thick with forests spread over hills and valleys, provides the perfect staging ground for guerrilla tactics of the Naxalites. In fact, at one stage, the naxalites had even declared a ‘liberated zone’ consisting of 300-400 villages of Visakha and East Godavari Agencies and the adjoining Odisha area. A full-scale resumption of hostilities between the police in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and the naxalites is the last thing Chief Minister Naidu needs right now. His government, in order to attract investment, wants to project residual Andhra Pradesh as a State free of issues relating to law and order. An atmosphere of frequent encounters’ and naxalite attacks on state property would not send the correct signals at this juncture.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/bauxite-mining-could-spur-a-maoist-revival-in-tribal-areas/article7692877.ece

Nepal Maoist Clippings 27/9/2015

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Netra Bikram Chand-led CPN Maoist condemns ‘undeclared’ embargo against Nepal

Sep 27, 2015- Netra Bikram Chand-led CPN Maoist has waged a movement against what it called India’s undeclared trade embargo on Nepal. Speaking in a press conference here in the Capital on Sunday, the CPN Maoist Spokesman Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma said that his party would enforce a ban on Indian TV channel, films and advertisements from Monday as part of the movement. Bishwakarma also said vehicles bearing Indian registration number plates would not be allowed to ply in Nepal.

The party has demanded that the government take immediate initiatives for alternative supply system against the blockade, take action against those creating artificial shortage in the market and ensure smooth internal supply. The party also organised a demonstration from Ratna Park up to the Embassy of India at Lainchaur on sunday protesting against ‘Indian interference’.

http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2015-09-27/netra-bikram-chand-led-cpn-maoist-condemns-undeclared-embargo-against-nepal.html

CULTURAL CRITICISM SHARPENS-1974 February 28

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1. We Have Been Following With Interest The Development Of Criticism In The Cultural Sphere. In The Literary Area Thus Far The Focus Has Been On The Short Novel ” Life,” Which Allegedly Slanders And Maligns The Cultural Revolution (CR). This 1971 Work Was First Published In The Shenyang Journal ” Workers- Peasant-Soldiers Literature” In 1972. On January 30 This Year, The Peking’s Kuang Ming Daily Devoted An Entire Page To Two Critiques On It Reprinted From A 1973 Issue Of A Liaoning University Journal. Criticism Of “life” Has Again Come Up, This Time In A Shenyang Radio Broadcast Of February 22.

2. The Salient Points Of The News Articles And The Broadcast Remain Constant. The Novel Is Attacked For Suggesting That The CR Was Neither Absolutely Necessary Nor Timely And That It Caused Chaos In An Otherwise Peaceful Society. The Story Allegedly Distorts The CR By Portraying The January Revolutionary Storm. (Which Was Launched In Shanghai In 1967) As Being Counter-Productive And Facilitating The Counter- Attack And Comeback Of Rightist And Reactionaries Who Earlier Had Been Purged And Dismissed From Office.

3. The Shenyang Broadcast Bluntly Sets Forth The Problems With “Life.” It Attacks The Story For Conveying The Impression That ” At The Time Of The Four Clean-Up Movement (Part Of The Socialist Education Movement Circa ’63-64 When Liu Shao-Chi Was In Authority) Bad People Were Removed From Leading Posts While Good People Were Assigned To Leading Posts. But During The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Bad People Rose And Good People Were Bullied. Bad People Were Reessigned To Leading Posts, While Good People Stepped Down From Their Leading Posts.” The Criticism Explicitly Raises The Question As To “How Could Such’bad’ Works As ‘Life’ Have Appeared At All?”

4. Comment: This Question Hes Begun To Appear Elsewhere In The Regime Media And Suggests A Sharpening Of The Current Attack On Revisionism In The Cultural Sphere With More Frequent Singling Out Of Errant Works.

Allen