People’s War in India Clippings 9/28/2015


Bihar polls: Most challenging polls for security forces

Patna, Sept 28: The biggest challenge ahead in the Bihar assembly elections are the security arrangements. There will be 500 companies of the central forces which will be in Bihar till the elections are complete. The biggest challenge is however, the first phase of the elections which will be conducted in South of Bihar. The South of Bihar faces the biggest problem from naxals and there are intelligence inputs that suggest that they will try and disrupt the elections. A large part of the security mechanism will be in South Bihar which goes to polls on October 12 and 16 as part of the first phase. Naxal alert: The Bihar state intelligence unit has warned that the naxals would try and strike during the elections.

The naxals while examining the CPI(Maoist) foundation week reiterated their resolve to carry out more strikes. Intelligence alerts went on to suggest that they would make attempts to target the central forces. The Central Reserve Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Border Security Force, Sashastra Seema Bal and Indo-Tibetan Border Police would be in their full strength during the conduct of the Bihar elections. With the naxal alert being sounded very high, the local police who are familiar with the terrain would conduct regular combing operations. The task would be to identify landmines and defuse them. The naxals normally tend to target the forces from the centre.

Moreover, forces from the centre are more vulnerable to a naxal hit as they are not familiar with the terrain. The Home Ministry has instructed the Bihar administration to ensure that the local police cooperate fully with the central forces and there should not be any untoward incident during the elections. Naxals shall not disrupt the elections at any cost, the Home Ministry has stated. Apart from being on guard, the central forces would be in full force at the booths.

The Election Commission has this time said that it wants the booths to be guarded by the central forces 100 per cent. Earlier the norm was that security at the booths would be divided by the central and state forces on a 60:40 ratio. This time around the EC wants to take no chances and has sought for a 100 per cent deployment of central forces at the polling booths.

Maoist rebels obstruct construction of crucial bridge in Jharkhand

Palamu, Sep 28 (ANI): Maoist rebels obstructed the construction of a bridge in Palamu district of Jharkhand and set ablaze a poclain machine. The bridge, if completed, would increase police patrolling in the area, which is why the Maoist rebels do not want it to be constructed.

‘Abolish Greyhounds’

Eminent academic and human rights activist Prof. G. Haragopal called for the abolition of the Greyhounds police force in Telangana. He demanded that the State government come out with an explanation on the recent encounter wherein two Maoists – Sruthi and Vidyasagar Reddy were killed in Warangal. Prof. Haragopal was addressing a meeting held in memory of slain Maoist Sruthi at her residence in Hanamkonda on Sunday. “The State government should put an end to these fake encounters,” he said. Revolutionary poet Varavara Rao said the recent encounter was the beginning of the end of the TRS rule.



Summary. A Shanghai Newspaper Has Attacked Those Who Are “Perverting” The Anti-Lin/Confucius Campaign Within That City.The Commentary Seemingly Places Shanghai Squarely Behind The Campaign’s Recent Shift Toward Moderation. End Summary.

1. A Shanghai Newspaper Has Alluded To Recent Serious Problems In That City. The Allusion, In A February 24 Wen Hui Pao Commentary, Relates To The Slogan ” Carry Forward The Spirit Of The Stormy January Revolution.” (A Reference To The 1967 Shanghai January Storm). According To Wen Hui Pao, “Class Enemies Are Either Perverting This Slogan Or Using It As A Cover While Engaging In Ulterior Criminal Activities, And…Even Among Our Own Ranks, Some Comrades’ Understanding Of The Slogan Is Based On A Bourgeois World Outlook.” Behind This Unusual Media Reference To Present-Day” Class Enemies” And ” Criminal Activities” Is A Sense Of Something Having Gone Very Much Awry In Shanghai’s Carrying Out Of The Anti-Lin/Confucius Movement, And Of Wen Hui Pao–And Shanghai’s Leadership–Having To Correct The Error In Some Fashion.

2. The Rest Of The Commentary Leaves No Doubt That Shanghai Is Being Drawn Behind The Recent Shift Toward Moderation (REFTELS). Making A “Very Necessary” Explanation Of The “Stormy January Revolution” Slogan, Wen Hui Pao Says That “At Present,” It Means “We Must Diligently Study.” The Newspaper Even (Inaccurately) Proclaims That The Disruptive And Violent 1967 January Storm “United” Revolutionaries ” Together” And Was Waged By Workers Who Used The “Pen” As Their “Sword And Gun.” It Quotes Copiously From The February 20 Editorial, Then Goes On To Emphasize That Making Revolution Is A “Spare Time” Activity Not To Be Set Against Production. Such Language Reverses Shanghai’s Previous Stress On Revolution Over Production.

3. Comment. Shanghai Has Recently Seemed Particularly Sensitive About Violence, And Its Journal, Study And Criticism, Has Already Sought To Cast The January Storm As Leading To Law And Order, Not Violence (HONG Kong 229). If Shanghai Leaders Such As Chang Chun-Chiao Are Defensive About Their Involvement With Cultural Revolution Disorders, They might Be Expected To React Sharply To Any Breakdown Of Order In Areas Under Their Control ( See WR9). In Any Case, The Newspaper Commentary And The Reported Removal Of Anti-Lin/Confucius Posters In Shanghai (HONG Kong 2304) Suggest The Campaign Has Definitely Been Turned Down In China’s Largest And Most Radical City.


People’s War in India Clippings 27/9/2015





Protest against police murders of Sruthi and Sagar in Hyderabad-Signalfire.

14 encounters with naxalites after Bihar poll notification issued

Security forces have engaged in 14 encounters with Left Wing insurgent groups operating in areas near Bihar-Jharkhand border and apprehended 50 alleged Naxals since the 2015 assembly elections notification was released early this month. According to officials, following the election notification, Naxalite groups based in Southern Bihar and Jharkhand have called for a statewide boycott of the 2015 polls due in October. Gauging the developments in the past two weeks and based on inputs from intelligence agencies, central government has further decided to increase security in Southern districts Bihar in order to produce a conducive environment for elections to be held.

Among the districts which will see an increase in deployment of security forces are Jamui, Jahanabad, Aurangabad and Gaya. A senior official of the Central Reserve Police Force while confirming the development stated that orders from the Ministry of Home Affairs have laid emphasis that a repetition of violence that was witnessed during the 2010 Bihar elections must not allowed this time around. In 2010, 10 officers of the security forces were killed in three improvised explosive device (IED) blasts that rocked Gaya and Sheohar districts of Bihar during the state elections.

While six officers were killed when a police vehicle carrying them was blasted by Maoists in Shayampur Baitha area of Sheohar district, four members of the bomb disposal squad were were killed in two separate incidents while trying to defuse IEDs planted in Banke Bazaar and Dumaria areas of Gaya district.

Official sources told dna that security arrangements this election will be more elaborate than the one in 2010. “The number of security officers will be more as compared to the previous elections,” the source said. The increase of deployment of personnel will be seen in the CRPF, Indo-Tibetan Border Police and Border Security Forces. “Ever since the elections were announced our forces have engaged in 14 encounters with Left Wing extremists.

During various area domination exercises we have been able to recover 60 IED’s ,55 ammunition and seven arms. 50 persons with Naxalite links have also been apprehend and the operation will mostly likely not end till the elections are conducted without Naxal group disrupting them,” said a senior security official posted in the area. The official added that the four districts that will see a heavy deployment of forces have seen some of the worst phases of both Maoist and Naxalite movement.” Among the districts which continue to show signs of Naxalism are Jamui and Jahanabad. But the threat extends to both Gaya and Aurangabad where we have witnessed violent incidents in the past,” added the official.

Jamui, where elections will be held in the first phase is the constituency of Lok Janshakti Party’s Dalit leader Ram Vilas Paswan. He was elected as member of 16th Lok Sabha after the 2014 general election from Hajipur constituency, while his son Chirag Paswan won from Jamui constituency. Aurangabad, which shares its border with Gaya district, has a predominant population from the landlord community, has also witnessed noticeable rise of Naxal movement. “We have received inputs of a movement against elections gaining momentum in these districts and necessary measure will be taken to counter the same,” said the official.

Security forces vs Naxal turf war in central Gadchiroli

Nagpur: The central part of the Naxal-affected Gadchiroli district has become a hotbed of action as security forces and rebel cadres are vying for supremacy in the crucial zone in the heartland of state’s guerrilla movement. A half-dozen encounters in the past few months have only underlined the fact that Naxals and security forces are in no mood to spare even an inch ground to each other. Security forces seem to have gained ground as the Gadchiroli police have opened a number of posts in the central region which was once a rebel stronghold.

The Naxal domination in the region had been such in the past that police and paramilitary forces would avoid the 35 square-kilometer stretch. Threats in the form of landmine and ambushes would often take cops by surprise. The region’s forest zones, mostly uncharted by the security forces till last year, also served as resting and meeting place for the Naxal leadership converging from south and north, and also neighbouring districts of Kanker and Narayanpur of Chattisgarh.

The region was earlier also labelled as the first stepping stone before venturing into the Naxal stronghold of Abujmadh which straddles Chattisgarh and Maharashtra. “The Naxal presence in the central region can be also viewed as their first line of defence before one can cross into Abujmadh,” said Ravindra Kadam, Nagpur IGP, Naxal range. The opening of the police posts, especially at Kotmi, in February this year has lent an edge to the police force.

Apart from a permanent police presence, it also dented the Naxal militia base here among the traditional supporters who had been under the influence of senior Naxal cadres for long. There had been 14 surrenders from Kotmi, including its militia commander, after the post opened at Kotmi. Naxals are now also trying to instill fear among the minds of the tribal by resorting to civilian killings. One of their first target was surrendered militia commander Madhao Podao. Gadchiroli SP Sandip Patil said Naxals are desperately trying to win back domination in the region as it serves as a link to adjoining districts of Chandrapur and also the state of Chhattisgarh. “There is a plan to open more armed outposts and ensure deeper police presence on a permanent basis,” he said.

Naxal camp busted in Chhattsigarh’s Kanker

Raipur: Security forces have unearthed a transit Naxal camp after a gun-battle with the ultras in insurgency-hit Kanker district, police said on Sunday. “The face off between a joint team of security personnel and rebels took place in restive Chalechur hills under Korar Police Station limits yesterday,” Kanker Superintendent of Police, Jitendra Singh Meena, said. Acting on a tip-off about the presence of rebels in Korar region, around 250 kms away from here, a joint squad of Border Security Force (BSF) and district force was dispatched.

While security forces were encircling the Chalechur hills to clamp down on Naxals, some armed rebels spotted them and opened indiscriminate firing, following which jawans retaliated, the SP said. The ensuring gun-fight lasted for around half-an-hour before ultras fled to the core forests, he said.

Naxals’ Writ Runs in South Chhattisgarh: CRPF DG

NEW DELHI: Maoists’ writ runs in large swathes of mineral-rich south Chhattisgarh, posing the “biggest challenge” for security forces deployed for anti-Naxal operations, the chief of CRPF, the largest paramilitary force tasked with the exercise, has said. The area has become one of the deadliest as it sits on a four-way junction where Chhattisgarh shares its borders with three other Naxal-affected states of Maharashtra, Odisha and Telangana.

“South Chhattisgarh continues to pose the biggest challenge for security forces where almost 11,000 sq kms has no presence of security forces which gives Maoists the liberty to unleash their free reign. However, it is only a matter of time before the void is filled,” CRPF Director General Prakash Mishra told PTI in an interview.


Bauxite mining could spur a Maoist revival in tribal areas

Ignoring the groundswell of public opinion against a resumption of bauxite mining, the Andhra Pradesh government has been taking concrete steps to start mineral exploration in the Eastern Ghats. The Maoists have used this opportunity to try winning support of the tribals. Ever since the Communist Party of India (Maoist) [CPI (Maoist)] made a tactical retreat from the undivided Andhra Pradesh in 2004, engagements between the naxalites and the State police have been rare and unspectacular.

Though the Maoists retained a presence in the tribal Agency areas in north coastal Andhra, a sort of ceasefire has prevailed, with either side preferring not to cross the other’s path. But recent events indicate that the tribal hills of north Andhra are rumbling again. Three days ago, the naxalites abducted a sarpanch (village head). Last week, the Telangana police killed two Maoists in an alleged encounter in Warangal district. Just a few days later, three more extremists, including a top functionary of CPI (Maoist), were slain just beyond the inter-State border in Odisha. Given the extremely adversarial relationship between the two, it does not take much to resume the Danse Macabre.

However, a significant factor in the naxalites getting active again in the Agency areas of Visakhapatnam is the State government’s intent to resume bauxite mining in the tribal hills. Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu declared this on World Tribal Day last year and repeated it this year too. Vulnerable areas along border Last week, the CPI (Maoist) celebrated its Foundation Week in Srikakulam district in north Andhra, the very place where the party’s precursor, People’s War, staged its first uprising in 1969.

On its part, the police are beginning to mobilise their own machinery to stop the naxalites from coming back to the plains areas of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. As many as eight places in the Srikakulam district along the thickly forested inter-State border have been identified as vulnerable and additional forces have been kept at strategic places along the Andhra-Odisha border. The government is going to establish an exclusive AP Special Police battalion in Srikakulam district due to its vulnerability to naxalite influence. “Stationing of extra forces is the need of the hour to curb Maoist activities along the AP-Odisha border,” said a senior officer. These efforts are in addition to the new battalion of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the 198th Battalion, which was raised with headquarters in Visakhapatnam to cover the three north Andhra districts. As always, the police adopt good cop/bad cop tactics. In north Andhra, the police have been trying hard to get closer to the tribals with their community policing initiatives.

Though the tribals participate in such activities under pressure, there has been a significant shift away from the Maoists. Moves to resume mining are not popular among the tribal people. There is a groundswell opinion among them against bauxite mining, which they believe will only displace them while enriching the plainspeople. Opinion is so strong against mining that ‘bauxite’ is, for all purposes, a banned word in the Agency area. But, ignoring the public opinion, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) government has been taking concrete steps to start mineral exploration in the Eastern Ghats. To sway public opinion, the AP Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) has hired some educated local people to act as ‘facilitators’, people who will sell the idea of bauxite mining to their communities. The Maoists have seen in all this an opportunity to win the favour of the tribals.

They have been organising opposition to mining, and staging coercive steps to deter people from supporting mining activities. The APMDC’s facilitators have been warned, and some of their houses even burnt down. They were immediately shifted away by APMDC. Many other moves of the TDP Government have further alienated the tribals and prepared the ground further for the Maoists. The government has given the Tribal Welfare portfolio to a non-tribal. The statutory Tribal Advisory Council has not been constituted even after more than a year of its coming to power. The Maoists, on the other hand, have used the bauxite issue to stage a comeback in the tribal hills. The CPI (Maoist) top leaders have reportedly been touring villages on the Andhra-Odisha border area to give a boost to the anti-bauxite agitation. Meetings with tribal leaders are reportedly being organised in the interior areas. The response is said to be good. The Agency area could see violence in the future if the government goes ahead with bauxite mining. In such a situation, it won’t be a surprise if the tribal people support the Maoists in their bid to stop mining.

The region, one thick with forests spread over hills and valleys, provides the perfect staging ground for guerrilla tactics of the Naxalites. In fact, at one stage, the naxalites had even declared a ‘liberated zone’ consisting of 300-400 villages of Visakha and East Godavari Agencies and the adjoining Odisha area. A full-scale resumption of hostilities between the police in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and the naxalites is the last thing Chief Minister Naidu needs right now. His government, in order to attract investment, wants to project residual Andhra Pradesh as a State free of issues relating to law and order. An atmosphere of frequent encounters’ and naxalite attacks on state property would not send the correct signals at this juncture.

Nepal Maoist Clippings 27/9/2015


Netra Bikram Chand-led CPN Maoist condemns ‘undeclared’ embargo against Nepal

Sep 27, 2015- Netra Bikram Chand-led CPN Maoist has waged a movement against what it called India’s undeclared trade embargo on Nepal. Speaking in a press conference here in the Capital on Sunday, the CPN Maoist Spokesman Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma said that his party would enforce a ban on Indian TV channel, films and advertisements from Monday as part of the movement. Bishwakarma also said vehicles bearing Indian registration number plates would not be allowed to ply in Nepal.

The party has demanded that the government take immediate initiatives for alternative supply system against the blockade, take action against those creating artificial shortage in the market and ensure smooth internal supply. The party also organised a demonstration from Ratna Park up to the Embassy of India at Lainchaur on sunday protesting against ‘Indian interference’.



1. We Have Been Following With Interest The Development Of Criticism In The Cultural Sphere. In The Literary Area Thus Far The Focus Has Been On The Short Novel ” Life,” Which Allegedly Slanders And Maligns The Cultural Revolution (CR). This 1971 Work Was First Published In The Shenyang Journal ” Workers- Peasant-Soldiers Literature” In 1972. On January 30 This Year, The Peking’s Kuang Ming Daily Devoted An Entire Page To Two Critiques On It Reprinted From A 1973 Issue Of A Liaoning University Journal. Criticism Of “life” Has Again Come Up, This Time In A Shenyang Radio Broadcast Of February 22.

2. The Salient Points Of The News Articles And The Broadcast Remain Constant. The Novel Is Attacked For Suggesting That The CR Was Neither Absolutely Necessary Nor Timely And That It Caused Chaos In An Otherwise Peaceful Society. The Story Allegedly Distorts The CR By Portraying The January Revolutionary Storm. (Which Was Launched In Shanghai In 1967) As Being Counter-Productive And Facilitating The Counter- Attack And Comeback Of Rightist And Reactionaries Who Earlier Had Been Purged And Dismissed From Office.

3. The Shenyang Broadcast Bluntly Sets Forth The Problems With “Life.” It Attacks The Story For Conveying The Impression That ” At The Time Of The Four Clean-Up Movement (Part Of The Socialist Education Movement Circa ’63-64 When Liu Shao-Chi Was In Authority) Bad People Were Removed From Leading Posts While Good People Were Assigned To Leading Posts. But During The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Bad People Rose And Good People Were Bullied. Bad People Were Reessigned To Leading Posts, While Good People Stepped Down From Their Leading Posts.” The Criticism Explicitly Raises The Question As To “How Could Such’bad’ Works As ‘Life’ Have Appeared At All?”

4. Comment: This Question Hes Begun To Appear Elsewhere In The Regime Media And Suggests A Sharpening Of The Current Attack On Revisionism In The Cultural Sphere With More Frequent Singling Out Of Errant Works.


Proletarians Are Revolutionary Optimists


Pi Sheng

THE struggle initiated and led by Chairman Mao to repulse the Right deviationist attempt at reversing correct verdicts has smashed the criminal plot of Teng Hsiao-ping, the arch unrepentant capitalist reader in the Party, to subvert the dictatorship of the proletariat and restore capitalism. This is another great victory we have won in combating the bourgeoisie in the Party after the two bourgeois headquarters of Liu Shao-chi and Lin Piao were shattered in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution- In spite of the fact that our struggle against the bourgeoisie in the Party will be protracted and tortuous and that there is the danger of capitalist restoration in the entire historical period of socialism, the bourgeoisie is doomed to fail and the proletariat is bound to win. There is no doubt whatsoever about this general trend of historical development.

Revolution Will Triumph Over Reaction

The emergence of the bourgeoisie in the Party and the existence of contradictions and struggles inside the Party are objective realities. Everything develops through the struggles of its internal contradictions. The Party is no exception. As Engels pointed out long ago: “The; development of the proletariat proceeds everywhere amidst internal struggles.” “And when, like Marx and myself, one has fought harder all one’s life long against the alleged socialists than against anyone else (for we only regarded the bourgeoisie as class and hardly ever involved ourselves in conflicts with individual bourgeois), one cannot greatly grieve that the inevitable struggle has broken out.” (Frederick Engels’ Letter to August Bebel, October 28, 1882.) Speaking of the struggle against the bourgeoisie in the Party, Chairman Mao has stressed: “Without struggle, there is no progress.” “Can 800 million people manage without struggle?!”

The capitalist-roaders in the Party, such as Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping, represent in a concentrated way the interests of the new and old bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes; they are the main force endangering the Party and subverting the dictatorship of the proletariat. Our struggle against them is a concentrated expression of the struggle between the two classes and the two roads in the period of socialism, and will decide the destiny and future of our country. If the capitalist-roaders’ plot to usurp Party leadership and seize state power is not exposed and smashed in good time, there will be a dictatorship of the bourgeoisie over the proletariat; and if their revisionist line is not criticized, the gains of the revolution achieved by the proletariat both in the superstructure and in the economic base will be lost. It is quite clear that it won’t do without struggle. Only when we fully realize the danger of capitalist restoration by the bourgeoisie in the Party and consciously wage a tit-for-tat struggle against it, can we effectively consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat, prevent capitalist restoration and enable the cause of socialism to advance steadily.

Denying or evading the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, to be weary or afraid of waging struggles against the bourgeoisie in the Party — this is not the attitude Marxists should take. The proletarians are revolutionary optimists; they are fully confident of victory in the struggle against the bourgeoisie in the Party. “The supersession of the old by the new is a general, eternal and inviolable law of the universe.” (Mao Tsetung: On Contradiction.) Newborn things are bound to triumph over the decadent and revolution is bound to triumph over reaction. The bourgeoisie in the Party, just as the bourgeoisie as a whole, represents the decadent relations of production and is a declining reactionary force. The fact that the bourgeoisie has moved its headquarters into the Communist Party is not an indication of its strength. It only shows that the bourgeoisie outside the Party, after our repeated struggles against it, has become so notorious that it is difficult for it to hoist its own banner and concentrate its forces for an open, all-round trial of strength with the proletariat. Though the bourgeoisie inside the Party still possesses a certain amount of reactionary potentiality and counter-revolutionary destructive force, its perverse acts only reflect the death-bed struggles of the overthrown reactionary classes.

Like all reactionaries in history, the bourgeoisie in the Party is also a paper tiger and is nothing to be afraid of. It goes against the trend of history and “clings to the bourgeois ideology of oppression and exploitation of the proletariat and to the capitalist system.” This determines that it will be crushed to pieces by the wheel of history. The socialist system will eventually replace the capitalist system; this is an objective law independent of man’s will. No matter how the chieftains of the revisionist line Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping wailed in desperation and frantically attacked and smeared the excellent revolutionary situation, the Chinese people will not waver in their iron will or lose their confidence of victory in taking the socialist road and continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Source of Strength

Chairman Mao has pointed out: “We must have faith in the masses and we must have faith in the Party. These are two cardinal principles. If we doubt these principles, we shall accomplish nothing.” (On the Question of Agricultural Co-operation.) To have faith in the Party and the masses is our inexhaustible source of strength in defeating the bourgeoisie in the Party. Our Party is a political party of the proletariat founded and fostered by our great leader Chairman Mao. The emergence of the bourgeoisie in the Party will in no way change the nature of our Party as the vanguard of the proletariat, nor will it in the slightest obscure our Party’s radiance.

On the contrary, the fact that our Party dares to openly acknowledge the existence of the bourgeoisie in the Party and expose it shows precisely that our Party is strong and powerful. “The correctness or incorrectness of the ideological and political line decides everything.” Chairman Mao’s proletarian revolutionary line holds the dominant position in our Party and is striking a deeper root in the hearts of the people with each passing day. This is the basic guarantee for our Party to vanquish the bourgeoisie in the Party. Our Party has become purer, stronger and more vigorous in the course of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution which exposed and criticized the representatives of the bourgeoisie, such as Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping, and the renegades and secret agents under their protection.

Our Party has summed up the historical experience of the dictatorship of the proletariat both at home and abroad and has in particular drawn historical lessons from the fact that the Soviet Union has turned revisionist; our Party has also accumulated rich experience in its protracted struggles against opportunism and revisionism. This is an important condition for our Party to defeat the bourgeoisie in the Party. In the past 55 years our Party has been advancing in the great storms of the struggles between the two classes and the two lines. The chieftains of opportunist and revisionist lines have come forward one after another to split our Party from within, but they have all failed. On the contrary, through the elimination of these “worms” inside the revolutionary ranks, our Party has become more solidly united round the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman Mao in its triumphant advance along Chairman Mao’s proletarian revolutionary line. Historical experience has convinced us: “This Party of ours has a bright future.” The masses of workers and poor and lower-middle peasants are the main force in vanquishing the bourgeoisie in the Party.

Chairman Mao has pointed out: “After the democratic revolution the workers and the poor and lower-middle peasants did not stand still, they want revolution.” “Will there be need for revolution a hundred years from now? Will there still be need for revolution a thousand years from now? There is always need for revolution. There are always sections of the people who feel themselves oppressed; junior officials, students, workers, peasants and soldiers don’t like big-shots oppressing them. That’s why they want revolution.” The “bigwigs” of the bourgeoisie in the Party like Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping made use of the power in their hands to work for restoration and retrogression and to oppose revolution.

Since they offended the majority, they were inevitably opposed and spurned by the masses of the people. The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution has fully demonstrated the great might of the masses in combating the bourgeoisie in the Party. Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping were haughty for some time, but they were overthrown one by one when the masses rose against them. By reading and studying conscientiously and having a good grasp of Marxism and by taking part in the great struggle of combating and preventing revisionism, hundreds of millions of people have enhanced their consciousness of class struggle and the two-line struggle and raised their ability to distinguish genuine from sham Marxism. No matter how the bourgeoisie in the Party changes its tactics and no matter what conspiracies and intrigues it resorts to, we are fully confident that it will be exposed, opposed and criticized by the revolutionary people who have a high level of political consciousness.

In the current great struggle to repulse the Right deviationist attempt to reverse correct verdicts, large numbers of ordinary workers, peasants, P.L.A. fighters, students and cadres at the grass-roots level were the first to step forward to resist and repudiate the revisionist programme of “taking the three directives as the key link” concocted by Teng Hsiao-ping, and they have become courageous fighters in the struggle against Teng Hsiao-ping’s revisionist line. This is indeed inspiring. History has proved and will continue to prove that in the great struggle waged by the proletariat against the bourgeoisie, there is bound to emerge from among the masses large numbers of outstanding people who uphold Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line, and tens of millions of successors to, the proletarian revolutionary cause will be trained; they will carry through to the end the great cause initiated by the older generation of proletarian revolutionaries.

Thoroughgoing Materialists Are Fearless

“The future is bright; the road is tortuous.” (Mao Tsetung: On the Chungking Negotiations.) The revolutionary optimism of the proletariat differs from blind optimism in that we understand the dialectics of historical development. Blind optimists fail to see or cannot see clearly the law governing class struggle in socialist society. They are susceptible to a slackening of vigilance and are easily beguiled by the theory of the dying out of class struggle, or they become pessimistic and despondent when the revolution comes up against difficulties. We should not only see the bright future of the revolution and have full confidence in victory, but also see the twists and turns on the road of revolution so that we will enhance our revolutionary fighting will and be prepared to strive for the bright future consciously and with indomitable fortitude. The declining classes are like a giant tree which has lost its life and is rotten to its foundation.

However they will not retreat from the stage of history of their own accord but will carry on a death-bed struggle to protect their lives with every possible means, the old system will be buried only after many reverses for a fairly long historical period. In the past, the replacement of an old system by a new and the triumph of a rising class over a decadent and declining class invariably took place after a long and tortuous struggle. In China, the revolution in which the slave system was replaced by the feudal system — from 594 B.C. when the State of Lu started to levy taxes on private land in accordance with the acreage under cultivation* to 221 B.C. when Chin Shih Huang unified China took mare than 370 years which were replete with struggles between progress and retrogression and between revolution and restoration. After the rising landlord class seized power of the country, these struggles continued for many more years.

The bourgeois revolutions in Britain, France and the United States lasted 48, 86 and nearly 100 years respectively, and the struggles were full of twists and turns. This is the case with the revolutions in the past in which one exploiting system replaced another. The proletarian revolution which aims at completely eliminating the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and all exploiting systems will of course take much longer time and will go through many more twists and turns and reverses. Chairman Mao has pointed out: “Great disorder across the land leads to great order. And so once again every seven or eight years. Monsters and demons will jump out themselves. Determined by their own class nature, they are bound to jump out.” So long as there are still classes and class struggle and bourgeois right at home and imperialism and social-imperialism abroad, it is inevitable that “the capitalist-roaders are still on the capitalist road.”

The collapse of one or two chieftains of the revisionist line does not mean the complete destruction of the bourgeoisie in the Party or of the bourgeoisie as a whole. They will never take their defeat lying down, but are bound to rally their counterrevolutionary forces, change their counter-revolutionary tactics and continue to have a trial of strength with the proletariat. Class struggle and the struggle between the two lines are independent of man’s will, How can we cherish the illusion that the class enemies will change their reactionary class nature, that the monsters and demons will not jump out themselves, and that the old and new bourgeoisie will stop plotting and sabotaging?

How can we harbour the illusion that after several struggles the entire bourgeoisie- inside and outside the Party will be thoroughly vanquished, and that all the trash left over from the old society will be swept into the dust-bin? The fact that class struggles and struggles between the two lines are carried out repeatedly is something completely conforming to the law governing it; we should not feel surprised, still less should we feel annoyed. Chairman Mao has said: “Swimming in rivers with counter-currents builds up will-power and courage.” To the masses of cadres and people who persist in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, reverses and zigzags in revolutionary struggles will build up their will-power, stimulate their enthusiasm, enhance their talents and raise their ability to distinguish genuine from sham Marxism. In the last analysis, it is a question of world outlook whether or not one takes a revolutionary optimistic attitude towards actual struggles and the future of the revolution.

Dialectical materialism and historical materialism are the ideological foundation of revolutionary optimism, while idealism and metaphysics are the root cause of pessimistic views as far as the theory of knowledge to concerned. Some good-hearted comrades among us always have the illusion that the revolutionary ranks should be absolutely pure and the revolutionary road should be absolutely straight. So when they meet with twists and turns, they become depressed and fail to see the bright future. When analysing the situation of the revolutionary struggle, more often than not they overestimate the strength of the enemy and underestimate the strength of the people and arrive at unrealistic estimate of class forces. The reason for this is that in looking at a question their way of thinking is to a great extent subjective, superficial and one-sided; they cannot distinguish the essence from the appearance and the main aspect from the secondary aspect of things.

So, when they analyse class struggle and the future of social development, they are easily influenced by pessimistic ideas spread by the bourgeoisie. We must also take a revolutionary optimistic attitude .towards natural disasters and displaying the spirit of revolutionary heroism, fearing neither natural disasters nor earthquakes. “Men will conquer nature,” this is a great truth. “Thoroughgoing materialists are fearless.” (Mao Tsetung: Speech at the Chinese Communist Party’s National Conference on Propaganda Work.) To be proletarian revolutionary optimists, we must be thoroughgoing materialists. Therefore, we must diligently study Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought, take an active part in the fiery mass struggles, draw rich political nourishment from them, earnestly remould our world outlook and frequently rid ourselves of the influence of idealistic and metaphysical ideas. Only thus can we heighten our revolutionary spirit, strengthen our confidence in victory in the struggle against the bourgeoisie in the Party and become vanguard fighters in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.

(Transition of an article in “Hongqi,” No. 8, 1976. Subheads are ours.)

Peking Review, No. 36, September 3, 1976

People’s War in India Clippings 26/9/2015


C’garh cops bust Naxal ammo supply network, recover 1,750 kg explosives

BASTAR police on Friday busted a major urban network of Naxalites involved in supplying explosive material to the rebels. Police also recovered a huge cache of explosives including 750 kgs of gelatin, 1000 kgs of ammonium nitrate, one bundle cordex wire and eight fake automobile number plates. The total explosive haul amounted to 1,750 kg approximately, worth around Rs 3,20,000. Police arrested seven persons in this connection, including a mining engineer who is stated to be the kingpin of this network.

All people arrested are residents of Odisha, bordering Chhattisgarh. Addressing a joint press conference on Friday, Bastar Range IG S R P Kalluri and Bastar SP Ajay Yadav informed that Bastar police has been getting intercepts about the Naxal supply network for a long time. A few days ago, police got information that a mining engineer Kamlakant Swain, a resident of Jaipur in Odisha had connections with Deva, Military Chief of Darbha Division Committee and that Swain was involved in supplying explosives to Naxalites. The matter was brought to the notice of Bastar Range IG who instructed Bastar SP to initiate action. Accordingly, the Bastar police chalked out a plan.

Alleged explosive supplier Kamalakant Swain was contacted through a police pointer and explosives was demanded from him. Despite knowing that the demand was made for use in Naxal activities, Swain asked the pointer to deposit advance amount in his bank account. The pointer accordingly deposited Rs 30,000 in the account of Swain. Thereafter, Swain sought few days time for delivery. On September 24, Swain contacted the pointer over telephone and fixed the earlier delivery spot as delivery point. Swain informed that delivery will take place somewhere between Bispur and Kudumkhodra on Darbha Pakhnaar Road. Accordingly, the police set a trap there. When Swain and three of his acquaintances arrived on the spot with the material, police personnel pounced on them and recovered gelatin packed in 27 boxes, one bundle of cordex wire and eight numbers of fake automobile number plates from a Bolero Pickup (explosive van). They also recovered three boxes of gelatin from one Indica car.

Police also arrested Kamlakant Swain, resident of Jaipur, Odisha; Gaurishankar Mohanti, resident of Simliguda, Odisha; Anil Kumar Jena, resident of Simliguda, Odisha and Bhushan Kumar Gonda, resident of Koraput, Odisha. During spot interrogation, accused informed about a spot where Ammonium Nitrate packed in 20 sacks have been stored. They said that the explosives are stored in a makeshift hut somewhere between Machkot and Tiriya under Nagarnar police station. Nagarnar SHO was informed immediately. Nagarnar police, tracked down the makeshift hut, recovered the 20 sacks and arrested three people with a motorcycle. The three arrested were identified as Rajendra and Uttam Swain, both residents of Jaipur, Odisha and Sujit Pani, resident of Boriguma in Odisha. The recovered 1,000 kgs of ammonium nitrate packed in 20 sacks is worth Rs 1,40,000.

Two Naxals Killed in Gunbattle With Cops in Raipur

RAIPUR: Two naxals, including a woman cadre, were today killed in an exchange of fire by police in the naxal-hit Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh today. Bijapur District Superintendent of Police K L Dhruv said that the two Ultras were killed in gun-battle with police in Pusnar village area under Gangalur police station limit this morning. “The police team had gone to the interior parts of the Gangalur for anti-naxal operations. When the team was in the forested area surrounding Pusnar village, the Naxals started firing at the policemen.

The police launched a retaliatory attack, following which the ultras escaped from the scene,” Dhruv said. During the search conducted by police personnel later at the site, the bodies of the two Naxalites were found. Police also recovered a weapon and some other Naxal material from the site.

Maoists release Karlapodar villagers

Two brothers of Karlapodar village under Lakshmipuram Panchyat in Munchingput mandal, who were taken away from their homes by the Maoists on Wednesday night, were released on Friday. According to information reaching here, vice-Sarpanch of Lakshipuram Vanthala Dhanunjaya and Saakshar Bharat coordinator Vanthala Neelakantha were picked up by a group of Maoists from their homes. Despite the pleas of the villagers, the Maoists tied the bothers up and took them to a nearby hill, saying that the duo would be tried in a Praja Court for being police informers.

They suspected the brothers’ involvement in the Gobarapada encounter some time ago in which a Maoist was killed. However, the locals on Thursday tried to convince the Maoists that the two brothers were innocent. The brothers were later released and they reached their village on Friday.

‘Chalo Assembly’ protest on September 30

Telangana Democratic Front, an umbrella organisation of various peoples’ associations’ has called for a ‘Chalo Assembly’ protest on September 30 demanding a detailed inquiry into the recent encounter. Releasing a poster of the protest here on Friday, revolutionary poet Varavara Rao said Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao failed to keep up his promise of implementing the Maoist party agenda. Instead, he was now trying to eliminate the Maoist party members unleashing terror against them.

Describing the encounter as ‘fake’ , he held responsible the policemen who took part in the operation of killing Sruthi and Vidyasagar Reddy in Moddulagutta encounter in Govindaraopet mandal here. “The State government should own responsibility for the murders. The government should order a detailed inquiry into the encounter, Mr. Varavara Rao demanded. Various peoples’ associations and democratic organisations had joined hands to condemn the encounter. Mr. Sudarshan, father of Sruthi said that it was clear that his daughter was molested and brutally tortured before being killed.

Tsinghua University: Mass Debate Brings Changes-1976


THE mass debate concerning the revolution in education in Peking’s Tsinghua University has brought many changes since it started last November. Last summer, a small number of persons who clung to the revisionist line that prevailed in the university before the Great Cultural Revolution echoed the absurd views then circulating in educational circles and whipped up a Right deviationist wind to reverse previous verdicts and oppose the educational revolution. Their aim was to restore the old educational system.

What is the proletarian line in education? And what is the bourgeois line? Should or shouldn’t a socialist university become an instrument of the proletarian dictatorship? It is on these major questions that a sharp struggle is focused, reflecting diametrically opposed viewpoints between the majority of leading cadres, teachers, students and workers on the one hand and a handful of people on the other.

Party-Led Debate

The debate is going on in an organized and planned way under the unified leadership of the Party. From the outset and at every important stage of development in the debate, Party organizations at all levels in Tsinghua have adhered to the correct ideological and political line. They have displayed the leading and organizational role of the Party and at the same time shown faith in and relied o the faculty and students by fully mobilizing them. Many young cadres who have come to the fore in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution are daring and good at thrashing out the issues and have in the course of this struggle shown their mettle. Some old cadres who were once criticized by the masses during the Cultural Revolution are taking part in the debate with renewed vigour. “The present debate,” they said, “has deepened our understanding that to correctly assess the Great Cultural Revolution and to take the correct attitude towards the masses and oneself is the now starting point of continuing the revolution.”

To deepen the mass debate step by step, the university Party committee has seen to it that mass revolutionary enthusiasm is channelled into the right course and it has promptly supported and spread the new things created by the masses. The mass debate has fired the faculty members, students and workers with still greater enthusiasm to study revolutionary theory. They have assiduously studied works on the theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat by Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin and by Chairman Mao.

They have also studied Chairman Mao’s teachings on the revolution in education, reviewed his instructions concerning the Cultural Revolution and arrived at a more profound understanding through study and applying what they have learnt to the struggle. Intensive study of revolutionary theory gives the current debate a clear line of orientation in accordance with Chairman Mao’s teachings and adds to the far-reaching significance of this debate. A leading member of the university Party committee said: “Today’s struggle may arise again and again in the future. We must not only win this struggle but, more important, we should help educate the masses and arm them with Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought. Once Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line takes root in the minds of the people, we will have no fear of revisionism because the masses who have a high level of political consciousness will rise to oppose and defeat it.”

Changes in Ideology

The mass debate is a profound ideological revolution. How do worker-peasant-soldier students train themselves to be good fighters in combating and preventing revisionism? The university’s recent graduates have given a definite reply: “Break with the ideology of bourgeois right, break with the old traditional ideas and go to the border areas, the countryside and places where the Party and the people need us most.” In a letter to the Chinese people’s great leader Chairman Mao, they expressed their determination to persist in continued revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat through to the end. This fully reflects the new outlook of the new generation. From the example set by these graduates, students still studying in the university know clearly what road they should follow.

A student from the Chingkang Mountains region in Kiangsi had the honour of seeing Chairman Mao who revisited the place in 1965. Greatly inspired by Chairman Mao’s newly published poem Chingkangskan Revisited, this student pledged to do his best to remould his ideology and study still harder while at school. He submitted an application to the Party organization of his department asking to return to his native place after graduation so as to contribute his share in building up the old revolutionary base area where China’s revolutionary forerunners fought courageously in the past. Faculty members in Tsinghua have joined the students in the current struggle to defend the fruits of the proletarian revolution in education. They are of the view: “We should do well in our major subject— class struggle — and put the task of combating and preventing revisionism above everything else.”

Teachers engaged in designing have put forward the proposal: “Let’s do away with the barrier separating physical and mental labour! We designers should go to factories and work-sites to take part in manual labour while the workers should be invited to take part in designing.” Teachers of the civil engineering design section in the Engineering Physics Department took the initiative to leave their offices and join the building workers’ teams. The Party organization approved the integration of the two units. More than 20 members of this faculty are now in a boiler factory designing a D.C. boiler. In the wake of the mass debate, great changes have also taken place in the outlook of the university’s more than 180 full and associate professors. They have come to a clearer understanding of the urgent need to remould their world outlook and combat and prevent revisionism.

An elderly professor said; “From my 60 years’ experience I have come to realize what is real concern and love for intellectuals. Anyone who wants to sow discord between the Party and the intellectuals is merely wasting his energy.” An old professor in the Architectural Engineering Department said: “The so-called proficient students I trained in the past were full of bourgeois ideas after six years’ study. They only wanted to seek personal fame and gain. To them, theory was divorced from practice; as a result, they knew how to design but nothing about putting up buildings. The worker-peasant-soldier students today have a high level of political consciousness and they know how to design and to build. The revolution in education is necessary not only for training successors to the revolutionary cause of the proletariat but also for remoulding the world outlook of old intellectuals like us.”

Work Promoted

With class struggle as the key link, the mass debate has promoted unity and the revolution in education as well as other work in the university. Chairman Mao has pointed out: “Stability and unity do not mean writing off class struggle; class struggle is the key link and everything else hinges on it.” The truth of these words of Chairman Mao’s has been borne out by events in Tsinghua. In the earlier period, the hodgepodge spread by the Right deviationists trying to reverse previous verdicts created ideological confusion. However, the mass debate has later helped clearly mark out the two lines and enabled everyone to see which is right and which is wrong, thereby achieving a new ideological unity throughout the university.

This has further stimulated the socialist enthusiasm of teachers and students alike. Taking class struggle as the key link, they are now trying their best to do all work well. While writing big-character posters and taking an active part in the debate, they have not slackened their efforts in teaching and studying, doing scientific research and running classes in an open-door way. Open-door schooling and the other new things that have made their appearance in the educational revolution are being consolidated and improved through the mass debate. Last year, over 4,000 teachers and students went to more than 100 factories, villages, P.L.A. units and construction sites. They conducted classes there, while taking part in physical labour. Since the mass debate started, they have carried out debates alongside the teaching and study in these places. Summing up their experience, they are now more convinced than ever that “education should be revolutionized.”

The mass debate also has invigorated lecturing and studying and scientific research. Of the more than 200 scientific research items started last year, 145 have been completed. Among these, 69 filled in gaps in China’s science and technology and some reached advanced world standards. The graduates’ high-standard theses and reports were praised by the relevant scientific research institutes. Unlike the purely theoretical papers written by students before the Cultural Revolution, their papers integrated theory with practice and brought tangible results. Before these papers were read, the machines they had designed already were operating in workshops. The university-run factories fulfilled their production plan ahead of schedule. By December 25 last year, they had met their 1975 production quotas which doubled the 1974 figure.

Peking Review, No. 7, February 13, 1976

European Marxist-Leninists against the “Theory of Three Worlds”-1977


Joint Statement of

The Communist Party of Germany (M-L)

The Communist Party of Spain (M-L)

The Communist Party of Greece (M-L)

The Communist Party of Italy (M-L)

And the Portuguese Communist Party (Reconstructed)

Reprinted from the newspaper “Zëri i popullit”, central organ of the CC of the PLA, November 4, 1977

In a special issue of October 1977, the newspaper “Vanguardia Obrera”, central organ of the Communist Party of Spain (M-L), published the Joint Statement of the Communist Party of Germany (M-L), the Communist Party of Spain (M-L), the Communist Party of Greece (M-L), the Communist Party of Italy (M-L) and the Portuguese Communist Party (Reconstructed). Delegations of the Communist Party of Germany (M-L), the Communist Party of Spain (M-L), the Communist Party of Greece (M-L), the Communist Party of Italy (M-L), and the Portuguese Communist Party (Reconstructed) have had fraternal meetings to deal with questions of mutual interest arid exchange experience on the class struggle in various countries, as well as to discuss fundamental questions of the Marxist-Leninist strategy and tactics.

Our parties are of the opinion that the sharpening of the class struggle in our countries, the development of the situation in Europe, and the development of the world situation, require the strengthening of the unity and cooperation among the communist parties. To respond to this need, our parties have begun these joint meetings, in which they have discussed the most important current questions of the Marxist-Leninist strategy and tactics. These meetings have been held in an atmosphere of profound fraternal and militant unity. The participating parties have decided to sum up the essential outcome in the following joint Statement, in order to strengthen the common struggle of the working class and the masses of peoples of our countries as well as to make their contribution to the unity of the world communist movement on the basis of the principles of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism.

1. – On the situation in our countries

The struggle of the parties and the working class in our countries has many common aspects. The yoke of capitalist slavery weighs heavily on the proletariat of our countries. For the working class and the masses of the people, who have risen in struggle, there is but one road to liberate themselves from exploitation and oppression, the road of the violent overthrow of capitalism through the revolution, the road of the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat and socialism.

At present the struggle of the working people is directed, first and foremost, against the consequences of the deep crisis which has gripped our countries and the whole capitalist-revisionist world system. Millions of working people of our countries are unemployed. Millions of workers have abandoned their countries in search of jobs and minimum living conditions, have emigrated to foreign soil, where as emigrant workers they are subject to special exploitation and oppression by the capitalists. On the other hand, hundreds of thousands of them have now been forced to return to their own countries, where they fill the ranks of the unemployed. The youth and women are subjected to special oppression and exploitation.

Unemployment among the youth is increasing. In the enterprises the capitalists are intensifying the exploitation and imposing monstrously high rates of work. As a result, the number of fatal accidents at work is increasing and the maiming of the workers and occupational diseases are increasing. The fall in real wages, the increase in prices, inflation and increasing taxes are causing the ever greater deterioration of the economic situation of the working people of our countries. The working class and the masses of the people in our countries are fighting with more and more determination against the efforts of the bourgeoisie and the bourgeois governments that are trying to load the burden of the crisis on to the backs of working people.

The working class and the masses of the people in our countries who have suffered greatly under the fascist terror are still struggling today against fascism and social-fascism. In Spain the fascist dictatorship is decked out today in monarchic and parliamentary robes, striving in this way to get out of the profound crisis it is in, to cope with the revolutionary movement of the masses with the fraud of a false “democracy” and to facilitate its complete integration into NATO and the European Common Market (EEC). In East Germany the social-fascist dictatorship of the new revisionist bourgeoisie is reigning. In Greece and Portugal, the fascist dictatorships were overthrown or replaced as a result of various factors, including the heroic struggle of the peoples of the respective countries. Despite this, the fascist forces, incited by imperialism and the big bourgeoisie, are active and threatening in both these countries.

In Italy and West Germany, the monopoly bourgeoisie are hastening the fascistization of the state apparatus in all fields and at the same time inciting the development of fascist organizations and their paramilitary terrorist gangs. The bourgeoisie is trying to suppress the struggles of the working class and the masses of the people, their strikes and demonstrations, by means of the increasing repression exercised by the state through the expansion of the police and army apparatus, and the fascist and social-fascist terror. The peoples of our countries, who have suffered the consequences of two world wars, prepared and unleashed by the imperialists, like all the peoples of the world, are faced with the growing danger of a new imperialist world war.

While officially there is talk about peace, “détente” and disarmament, in order to deceive the peoples, in reality the armaments race and the preparations for war are being incessantly stepped up. War expenditure, particularly that of the two superpowers (the United States and the Soviet Union) as well as of all the other imperialist states is continually increasing. Ever larger sectors of production are being directed towards military purposes. The working class and the masses of the people are becoming more and more aware of the need for resolute struggle against the policy of war of imperialism, and especially against the two superpowers.

2. – The character and essential contradictions of our epoch

The epoch in which we are living is the epoch of imperialism and the proletarian revolution and the existing situation in the world is a result of the development and sharpening of the fundamental contradictions of this epoch, which were analysed by Lenin and Stalin. These contradictions are developing on the basis of the contradictions which pervade the whole historical epoch of capitalism, that is, the contradiction between the social character of production and the private capitalist character of appropriation:

– the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie,

– the contradiction between the socialist system and the capitalist system,

– the contradiction between the oppressed peoples and nations on the one hand and imperialism on the other,

– the contradictions among imperialist states and financial groups.

These contradictions and the struggles deriving from them are linked with one another and interact reciprocally. None of these contradictions can be wiped out or denied. In analysing the development of these contradictions, it is necessary to keep in mind also the specific features of the present-day world. Thus, the revisionist countries are part of the capitalist system, because in them socialism and dictatorship of the proletariat have long since been replaced, capitalism has been completely restored, and the new bourgeoisie has established its own social-fascist dictatorship.

Today, all the imperialist powers, and in particular the two superpowers, are actively opposing the oppressed peoples and nations. Among the inter-imperialist contradictions, today the contradiction between US imperialism and its allies, on the one hand, and social-imperialism and its allies, on the other hand, has emerged as the principal contradiction. The two imperialist superpowers, US imperialism and Soviet social-imperialism, constitute the biggest international exploiters and oppressors, the greatest enemies of the freedom and independence of the nations, the revolution and socialism. While they collaborate in struggle against the peoples and the revolution, they are competing for world hegemony.

Today the main danger of new imperialist wars, and especially of a new imperialist world war, results from their rivalry in the struggle for world hegemony. Each of the two superpowers is trying to win the trust of the peoples through deception and the use of demagogy, trying for its own aggressive aims to profit from the just struggles being waged by the peoples against the other superpower. Thus, US imperialism presents itself before the peoples as a protector power in the face of the expansionist pretentions of Soviet social-imperialism, while Soviet social-imperialism uses the slogan of anti-imperialist struggle in a demagogic way to put the just struggles of the peoples against US imperialism under its influence and control.

However, the peoples who are fighting for their liberation from the yoke of imperialism and do not want to exchange one slavery with another, cannot rely on one superpower to fight the other. The two imperialist superpowers represent, in the same extent and to the same degree, the main enemy of the international proletariat, the socialist countries, and the oppressed peoples. Today it is essential to direct the main fire of the international united front against the two superpowers, against imperialism, capitalism, reaction and revisionism. However, the two superpowers are not the only enemies of the international proletariat, the socialist countries and the oppressed peoples. The other imperialist and capitalist powers are also their enemies.

The reactionary capitalist character of these countries has not altered in the least, their practice of exploiting and oppressing the peoples has not altered in the least, and their hostility to socialism and communism has not altered in the least. In the struggle for the triumph of the revolution and socialism it is necessary to take advantage of the- contradictions between capitalist and imperialist states, on the one hand, and the two superpowers, on the other. But here we are speaking of contradictions within the ranks of the enemies of the revolution and socialism, because these capitalist and imperialist states are not allies of the peoples in struggle against the superpowers. In reality, despite the more or less abrasive contradictions that exist between them and the superpowers, these capitalist and imperialist states are integrated to this or that degree and in this or that form into the systems of military alliances and blocs of the superpowers.

The struggle against the two superpowers demands a life-and-death struggle against the aggressive military blocs, against NATO, which is under the direction of US imperialism, as well as against the Warsaw Treaty, directed by the Soviet social-imperialists. NATO and the Warsaw Treaty, and all the bourgeois and revisionist armies which have been incorporated into each of these blocs, represent the biggest armed forces to attack the revolution and socialism, and the freedom and independence of the peoples and nations. The two military blocs constitute the main implements in the hands of the two superpowers to prepare and launch imperialist wars. In Europe, the two imperialist superpowers and their aggressive military blocs are confronting each other.

In this strategic area, the two superpowers are relentlessly increasing the number of their troops and the annihilating capacity of their weapons. Western Europe is hitched to the war chariot of NATO, which has eliminated or restricted the independence of those countries. The Warsaw Treaty is keeping the countries of Eastern Europe under military occupation and strangling the aspirations of their peoples for independence. Likewise it is necessary to fight against both the EEC and Comecon.

The monopoly bourgeoisie of the countries of Western Europe claims that the EEC is a means to increase the joint prosperity of the West European peoples and for the independence of Western Europe in the face of the superpowers, In reality, the European Common Market is an instrument of the monopolies to suppress and exploit the peoples of Western Europe and the other peoples of Latin America, Asia and Africa. Although US imperialism is not formally a member of the EEC, it plays a dominant role in it. It is a dangerous illusion, if not a fraud, to claim that the European Common Market represents a force against the two superpowers or serves the interests of the peoples. The European Common Market is a tool of the West European imperialists and US imperialism to suppress and exploit the peoples, oppose the revolution and socialism.

Contrary to what the new bourgeoisie in the revisionist countries claims today, Comecon does not serve the “socialist integration” nor does it assist the prosperity of the peoples of the East. Just as capitalism has been completely restored in the revisionist countries, the laws of the jungle, characteristic of imperialism, predominate in the relations between the Comecon countries. Thus, Comecon is, first of all, a tool of social-imperialism to plunder and enslave the other member countries, a tool of the Soviet social-imperialists to secure maximum profits and for expansion within its own spheres of influence.

Like the European Common Market, Comecon is directed against the freedom and independence of the peoples, against the revolution and socialism. The forces of the revolution and socialism are becoming stronger in the struggle against the camp of the counter-revolution comprised of imperialism, with the two superpowers at the head, capitalism, reaction and revisionism. The existence of the socialist countries, which consistently carry on the Marxist-Leninist line and resolutely uphold proletarian internationalism, has very great importance for the international proletariat and the revolutionary movement throughout the world. The contradiction between socialist countries and imperialism is a class contradiction.

The fundamental character of this contradiction is based on the fact that the countries of the dictatorship of the proletariat and those where the bourgeois dictatorship prevails are irreconcilably opposed to one another. For the international proletariat and the peoples who are fighting, the socialist countries provide a shining example and are important fortresses in the struggle against imperialism, capitalism reaction and revisionism. At present, we are witnesses of a period in which important revolutionary struggles are going on, which prove once again that the international proletariat represents the decisive and leading force in the struggle for freedom and independence, against fascism and the imperialist war, and for the revolution and socialism.

Likewise the proletariat is showing that it is the only consistently revolutionary class today. Because of its class situation and class interests, the proletariat is the genuine protagonist of the socialist revolution and the ideals of communism. It is only the proletariat, headed by the Marxist-Leninist party, which can lead and carry the revolutionary struggles through to victory. The wide-ranging struggle of oppressed peoples against imperialism and internal reaction, and especially against the two superpowers, has assumed major proportions. The national liberation and anti-imperialist movement of the oppressed peoples continues to strike telling blows at imperialism and represents the biggest strategic reserve of the proletarian revolution in our epoch.

Under the leadership of the working class and its communist party, the revolution for national liberation will march triumphantly forward towards socialism, in the process of uninterrupted revolution. The increased severity of all the fundamental contradictions of our epoch at this moment constitutes a characteristic symptom of the collapse of the imperialist world system, of the general crisis of capitalism which is growing deeper day by day. The world situation today is complicated, but in general it is favourable for the struggle of the proletariat and the oppressed peoples. Imperialism, with US imperialism and Soviet social-imperialism at the head, is tight in the grip of a deep crisis.

At the same time, the world front of the working class, the socialist countries, and the oppressed peoples and nations, under the leadership of the international proletariat headed by the Marxist-Leninist parties, against imperialism, and especially against the two superpowers, against capitalism, reaction and revisionism, is developing and growing stronger. All the continents are seething because of the upsurge of the revolutionary movement, which is undermining the very foundations of the old world of oppression and exploitation. The revolution and socialism are on the agenda throughout the world.

3. – Our tasks in the class struggle

The present situation in our countries proves with the greatest clarity that capitalism cannot alter and replace the laws which determine its development. The struggle of the monopoly groups for maximum profits, anarchy and the absence of planning of production are essential features of the capitalist mode of production, which is based on the exploitation of the proletariat by the bourgeoisie. In the present deep crisis of “overproduction” the contradiction between social production and capitalist private appropriation is expressing itself with its full force.

The deep crisis which is accelerating the relative and absolute impoverishment of the proletariat, as well as the progressive ruin of small farmers and other small producers, is accompanied with the mass destruction of social wealth. In capitalism the relations of production have long ago turned irreparably into shackles for the productive forces. Imperialism is sharpening all the contradictions of capitalism to the maximum. Imperialism is parasitic capitalism in decay, the highest and last stage of capitalism.

From the economic viewpoint, and consequently, from the political viewpoint, the monopoly bourgeoisie is the most powerful section of the bourgeoisie. The domination of a small group of monopolies, which concentrate the biggest part of the economic power in their hands and to which the apparatus of the bourgeois state is absolutely subject, is totally reactionary. Crises, fascism and predatory wars accompany imperialism, just as the shadow accompanies the body. Bearing these facts in mind, it is not possible to have common interests between the proletariat and the monopoly bourgeoisie in our countries. Such common interests do not exist, either with regard to the struggle for national independence against the two superpowers, or with regard to the threat of a new imperialist world war.

On the contrary, the situation in our countries is characterized by the fact that the contradiction between the proletariat and the working masses on the one hand, and the monopoly bourgeoisie on the other, is rapidly becoming more acute. Our Marxist-Leninist parties are unanimously of the opinion that, as vanguard revolutionary parties of the proletariat, it is their duty to resolutely combat the propaganda of revisionists and opportunists of all hues, who under any pretext, call on the proletariat and the popular masses to give up the struggle in defence of their interests and seek reconciliation with the bourgeoisie.

On the contrary, we communists must strengthen our stand at the head of the struggles of the proletariat, farm workers, poor peasants, the worker and student youth. In this context, our parties defend the Leninist thesis that the working masses of the countryside, especially the farm workers, the semi-proletarians of the countryside and the poor peasants, constitute the main ally of the proletariat in the struggle for the revolution and socialism. The struggles of the popular masses of our countries are taking place with an ever greater awareness that the domination of the bourgeoisie must be overthrown and that the system of the exploitation of man by man must be ended.

Our parties support and lead the struggle of the working class and the working masses against unemployment and inflation, against the reduction of wages and super-exploitation, against the attempts of the bourgeoisie to shift the burden of the crisis on to the backs of working people. In these struggles our parties are tempering the revolutionary unity of the working class and all the working people. By combating all forms of the ideology which preaches class conciliation, our parties help in the promotion and the development of the consciousness of the working people that their interests are of such a character as to be incompatible with those of the bourgeoisie, as well as the absolute necessity for the social revolution, in order to make a radical improvement in their situation.

In the struggle against fascism and social-fascism, against the reactionary violence of the governments and the apparatus of bourgeois states, against the terror of the fascist gangs, our parties resolutely encourage the anti-fascist struggles of the masses of the people and the creation of broad fronts of the anti-fascist struggle of the masses. During these struggles it is essential to expose the true role of revisionism and social democracy, which are trying systematically to disarm the people’s forces, thus opening the way to fascism.

It is essential to resolutely combat the stand of some opportunists who demand that the struggle against the fascist forces should be abandoned, on the pretext, that in the struggle against Soviet social-fascism these forces would allegedly be on the side of the people. Our parties stress the necessity of responding to the reactionary and fascist violence of the bourgeoisie with the revolutionary violence of the masses: While leading the struggles against reaction and fascism, our parties are working tirelessly to make the masses aware that capitalism, above all finance capitalism, is the source of fascism, and consequently, that fascism and social-fascism cannot be rooted out once and for all except by overthrowing capitalism.

Our parties are mobilizing the working class and the masses of the people in a broad front against the imperialist policy of war, especially against that of the two superpowers. It is our duty to raise the consciousness of the working class and the masses of the people in everything which has to do with the danger of a new imperialist world war and to smash any illusion about “détente” and so-called disarmament, propagated by the bourgeoisie and revisionism. The consistent struggle against imperialism, especially against the two superpowers, constitutes the only possible way to prevent a new imperialist world war. In every country the triumph of the revolution and socialism constitutes the greatest contribution to the struggle against those who are to blame for imperialist wars. Imperialism means war, and the elimination of any war will be possible only through the overthrow of imperialism throughout the world.

While fighting imperialism’s policy of war it is necessary to fight determinedly against the standpoints of opportunists who, under the pretext of the danger of war, propagate capitulation to imperialism and reconciliation with it, or trumpet the social-chauvinist propaganda according to which if war unleashes, it would be necessary to rank on the side of one of the superpowers or on the side of the local bourgeoisie. Fighting against these revisionist and social-chauvinist concepts, the communists must strengthen the conviction of the masses in the revolutionary perspective, according to which either the revolution will prevent war or the war will lead to the revolution.

The communists must mobilize the masses against the main instigators of war, that is, against the two superpowers, against the aggressive military blocs as well as against the war preparations of the monopoly bourgeoisie and the reactionary governments of every country. We communists have the duty to fight so that the workers of all countries, the working masses and the oppressed peoples, rise in solidarity, in struggle against the instigators of imperialist wars, with the aim of overthrowing them. While fighting against the threat of imperialist war we communists have the duty to prepare the working class and the other masses of the people in every country in case the outbreak of a new imperialist war cannot be avoided. In such a situation the working class and masses of the people of every country must oppose the reactionary imperialist war with just revolutionary struggle with the aim of overthrowing those who cause the war and the ruling classes, to ensure the triumph of the revolution arid socialism and to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Our parties are developing all these struggles with the aim of creating the necessary conditions for the triumph of the revolution and socialism in our countries, that is, for the violent overthrow of the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie and capitalism, for the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the construction of socialism and the continuation of the revolution until the classless society, communism, is achieved. This is the historic mission of the proletariat long-since pointed out by Marx and Engels, and the entire struggle of our parties serves the realization of this mission.

4. – The counter-revolutionary role of modern revisionism

Our parties consider that now the force which is trying to prevent the proletariat from carrying out its great historic mission is, in the first ;place, modern revisionism. Today as yesterday, social democracy-is making every effort to lead the proletariat into the positions of class collaboration, but it is modern revisionism, and above all, Khrushchevite revisionism, which, after completely betraying Marxism-Leninism and the cause of communism, constitutes the main enemy in the ranks of the working class. The revisionist parties are a result of the degeneration of former revolutionary communist parties, they try to deceive the working people by disguising their betrayal of working class interests and Marxism-Leninism, continue to use the label of communists, whereas in reality have taken the road of counter-revolution. The revisionist parties have placed themselves in the service of capitalism and oppose the revolution, socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat.

They deny the need for violent revolution and, indeed, some of them do not even formally defend the dictatorship of the proletariat. In order to hinder the proletariat from following the road of violent revolution, they trumpet the so-called peaceful road of transition from capitalism to socialism. In compliance with the circumstances, they go so far as to support even the most reactionary measures of the bourgeoisie and make compromises with US imperialism. Step by step they are following the path opened by the old social democrats after their betrayal of Marxism, a betrayal which led only to the splitting and disarming of the working class in the face of the bourgeoisie and fascism, and this allowed fascism to attain state power.

While serving the bourgeoisie of their own countries, at the same time the revisionist parties are also serving the interests of Russian social-imperialism, directly or indirectly. At present, modern revisionism is split into various trends in rivalry with one another. One of these trends is also “Eurocommunism”. In essence, its revisionist theses aim at the liquidation of the struggle for national and social liberation, the struggle for the revolution, socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat. This is the main objective of all revisionist trends. The struggle against Titoite revisionism also, is absolutely indispensable. Basing themselves on the thesis of a so-called “non-alignment”, the Titoite revisionists are trying to liquidate the struggle of the oppressed peoples for national liberation, and this constitutes support for the two superpowers and the other imperialist powers. At the same time, the Titoites are trying to hinder the proletariat from fighting for socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat, in opposition to which they advocate the capitalist model of their “workers’ self-administration”.

In the countries where the modern revisionists are in power, they employ the great slogan of the dictatorship of the proletariat to deceive the working class and the working people of these countries, concealing the fact that capitalism has long been restored there, and that in those countries a social-fascist dictatorship, in the service of the new bourgeoisie has been established. In some revisionist countries, the new bourgeoisie continues demagogically to describe what is nothing but a social-fascist-dictatorship, as the dictatorship of the proletariat. In other countries, such as in the Soviet Union, they use such nomenclature as “the state of the entire people” to conceal the class character of the social-fascist dictatorship.

Relying on this demagogy they are trying to hinder the working class and the working masses of these countries from re-commencing the fight for the socialist revolution and the re-establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Because of this, it is essential not only to wage a large-scale ideological and political struggle against modern revisionism, but also to promote the class struggle in all fields, in order to expose modern revisionism in the eyes of the broad masses that it has betrayed. It is essential that the modern revisionists in the mass movement are isolated through the struggle of the Marxist-Leninists who are working tirelessly with the aim of attaching the masses to the revolutionary line. We Marxist-Leninists must wage a resolute struggle against all trends of modern revisionism in defence of Marxism-Leninism.

5. – The new international opportunist current and the “theory of three worlds”

Our parties see with deep concern the present-day efforts to develop a new international opportunist current against the Marxist-Leninist movement on an international scale, a current which has as its aim the utter falsification of the principles of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism and the splitting of the ranks of the communist movement. This new international opportunist current pretends that it is fighting modern revisionism in a particularly consistent way. But in reality it is in complete accord with the ideology of modern revisionism on all the fundamental issues on which Marxism-Leninism has been betrayed; in reality this current denigrates Marxism-Leninism and serves the bourgeoisie and imperialism. The new opportunists make use, in a demagogic way, of the existing danger of a new world war, but not with the aim of mobilizing the popular masses to combat this danger, but with the aim of strengthening NATO and the EEC, with the aim of supporting the war preparations of US imperialism and its allies.

This international opportunist trend recognizes social-imperialism as the only major enemy. But the great clamour of these modern opportunists against social-imperialism and against revisionism has nothing at all to do with the revolutionary interests of the proletariat and the popular masses. This opportunist trend is using the necessary and correct slogan of the struggle against Soviet social-imperialism to call on the proletariat and the working masses to put an end to the struggle against US imperialism and any other imperialism, against the reactionary bourgeoisie and the reactionaries of all tendencies, to unite with the most savage forces of the counter-revolution, under the pretext of fighting in unity with them against Soviet social-imperialism.

This new international opportunist trend describes the correct actions of the masses against NATO, against the US domination, and against the local bourgeoisie as social-fascist manoeuvres and tries to present the reactionary bourgeoisie as an ally of the proletariat. The new opportunists preach the subjection of the interests of the proletariat to the interests of the bourgeoisie, allegedly for the sake of national defence. In this way, the new international opportunist trend is directly playing the game of the Russian social-imperialists. The propaganda which advocates the military strengthening and arming of US imperialism, NATO, as well as other imperialist states, the propaganda which advocates the need for alliance, or the establishment, at present, of an armistice with its own imperialist bourgeoisie in the Western imperialist states, facilitates the manoeuvres of social-imperialism, which is interested in camouflaging its rivalry with the other superpower with its clamour about the anti-imperialist struggle; with its demagogy, this propaganda drives the working masses, who aspire to socialism, into the arms of revisionism.

This policy, through which it is claimed that Soviet social-imperialism is being isolated, is, in fact, a particularly effective means to strengthen both social-imperialism itself and its agents in the Western countries, and facilitates the preparation of the ground for the realization of its aggressive plans. The new international opportunist trend is opposed, both in theory and in fact, to the class struggle of the proletariat, the struggle for the revolution, socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat, opposed to Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism. The theoretical basis of this new international opportunist trend is the so-called “theory of three worlds”. The new opportunist trend presents this theory as the fundamental strategy of the international communist movement.

Our parties declare categorically that the “theory of three worlds” can never constitute the strategic basis of the world communist movement, that this theory is not a Marxist-Leninist theory, but a revision and complete falsification of Marxism-Leninism. The strategy which derives from this theory is not a Marxist-Leninist strategy, but a counter-revolutionary strategy directed against the interests of the proletariat and the oppressed peoples, against the revolution and socialism. The so-called “theory of three worlds” is in complete opposition to the teachings of Lenin and Stalin as to the character of our epoch, which is the epoch of imperialism and the proletarian revolution, and to the analysis that Lenin and Stalin made to its fundamental contradictions. Thus, the “theory of three worlds” negates the fundamental contradiction of our epoch, that exists between socialism and capitalism.

The socialist countries do not exist in the scheme of the “three worlds”. In this scheme, the socialist countries are ranked along with the fascist regimes, such as of Brazil, Chile, or that of the Shah of Iran, which comprise part of the so-called “third world”. In this theory, the importance of socialist countries for the international proletariat and the world communist movement is completely negated. Despite this, for the world communist movement and the international proletariat the existence of socialist countries constitutes their greatest historic victory. And even though, due to the betrayal of the modern revisionists, the socialist camp does not exist today, as it emerged after the Second World War, this does not alter this fact. Even if little socialist Albania were the only socialist country in the world, it would be of very great importance for the international proletariat and the world communist movement in general, because the dictatorship of the proletariat has been established in that country, socialism has been transformed into a reality, and the oppression and exploitation of the working class have been liquidated. Therefore, even if, in fact, it were the only socialist country in the world, Albania would represent the aspirations, hopes and aims of the world revolution confronting imperialism and the old world of oppression and exploitation. Any theory which denies the importance of socialist countries is anti-Leninist.

In the socialist countries, this theory weakens the struggle in defence of the dictatorship of the proletariat, and in the capitalist countries it is directed against the struggle of the proletariat for the socialist revolution by trying to shut off its perspectives. The “theory of three worlds” negates the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. At the same time, it negates the great historic mission of the proletariat and its leading role in the struggle for the revolution and socialism. The “theory of three worlds” is opposed to the struggle for the socialist revolution in the capitalist countries, the main protagonist of which is the proletariat. This theory negates the leading role of the proletariat in the struggle for national liberation. However, the leading role of the proletariat in this struggle, which it realizes through its communist party, is the essential condition which guarantees that this struggle will develop on a consistent anti-imperialist course and that the national liberation revolution will lead triumphantly to socialism in the process of the uninterrupted revolution.

According to the “theory of three worlds”, the proletariat of the capitalist countries of the so-called “second world” ought to enter into alliance with its own reactionary bourgeoisie, which oppresses and exploits it, and the proletariat of the dependent countries ought to cease the struggle against internal reaction and allow the bourgeoisie to lead the struggle for national liberation. The “theory of three worlds” completely negates the fundamental principle of Marxism, according to which the class struggle is the motor of history. It is a revisionist theory of class conciliation and class collaboration. The “theory of three worlds” completely negates the contradiction between the oppressed peoples and nations, on the one hand, and imperialism, on the other hand, and accepts only one contradiction, that exists between the so-called “third world” and the so-called “first world”, the capitalist and imperialist states of the so-called “second world”, that is, the imperialists of Western Europe, Japanese imperialism, etc., are presented as allies of the dependent countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

The colonialist and neo-colonialist exploitation of the countries dependent on these imperialists of the so-called “second world” is described as a “dialogue” and even an “alliance”, between the “second and third worlds”, minimizing and even prettifying this exploitation. To maintain such a stand towards the policy of the imperialists of Western Europe and Japan in regard to the oppressed peoples means to support the colonialist and neo-colonialist exploitation and oppression, to betray the interests of the oppressed peoples, to replace proletarian internationalism with social-chauvinism. The “theory of three worlds” considers the so-called “third world” as the main force of the revolution. In reality, the dependent countries of the so-called “third world” are under the domination of regimes, the bulk of which are not only reactionary, anti-democratic and anti-communist, but, moreover, are completely linked with imperialism. Such lackeys of imperialism do not, in any way, represent a force against imperialism.

On the contrary, it is necessary that the revolutionary peoples overthrow these regimes through struggle, in order to liberate themselves from imperialism. Without doubt it is the duty of the proletariat of the capitalist countries to condemn and fight the policy of aggression and blackmail of imperialism and social-imperialism against the governments of dependent countries. But the real place of the proletariat is in no way shoulder to shoulder with the governments, the oligarchy, the compradore bourgeoisie, but shoulder to shoulder with the proletariat, the masses of the people and the genuine anti-imperialist forces of these countries. The “theory of three worlds” completely falsifies the inter-imperialist contradictions which exist in the world today, as well as the stand of Marxism-Leninism towards these contradictions.

The “theory of three worlds” claims that inter-imperialist contradictions, which are contradictions between the enemies of the revolution and socialism, the contradictions between the imperialists of the so-called “second world” and the two superpowers are contradictions between the enemies and friends of the people, and this is how it presents them. In this way it tries to present all the imperialist and capitalist states of the so-called “second world” as allies of the international proletariat and the oppressed peoples. In reality, these imperialist and capitalist states are integrated into the systems of the alliances and blocs of the two superpowers, and the monopoly bourgeoisie of those countries has betrayed the national interests.

In practice, the new international opportunist trend has now changed its thesis on the so-called “first world”; this trend claims that US imperialism is in decline and decay, and that for this reason Soviet social-imperialism, in fact, constitutes the only enemy of the peoples. This trend considers US imperialism an ally of a special category. In conformity with this, the defenders of the “theory of three worlds” preach more or less openly the strengthening of NATO, the European Common Market, the US presence in Europe etc. All this brings out the antagonistic contradiction that exists between the “theory of three worlds” and Marxism-Leninism in regard to the question of how the inter-imperialist contradictions should be exploited. The defenders of the “theory of three worlds” aim at the strengthening of US imperialism and the imperialists of the so-called “second world” with the intention of uniting with them against Russian social-imperialism; on the other hand, the Marxist-Leninists take advantage of the inter-imperialist contradictions, in conformity with the teachings of Lenin and Stalin, to weaken imperialism in general and create revolutionary situations.

The “theory of three worlds” strengthens the enemies of the revolution and socialism, supports the war preparations of US imperialism and its imperialist allies and is aimed against the struggle of the proletariat in the capitalist countries for the socialist revolution, as well as against the struggle of the oppressed peoples for national liberation. For all these reasons, our parties express the need for a resolute struggle against the “theory of three worlds” and against the new international opportunist trend.

6. – Proletarian internationalism and the unity of the Marxist-Leninist movement

Our parties stress the need to defend proletarian internationalism against modern revisionism and social-chauvinism. Lenin educated the international proletariat by insisting that “there is one, and only one, genuine internationalism – the work full of self-sacrifice for the development of the revolutionary movement and the revolutionary struggle in your own country, support (through propaganda, sympathy, material aid) for such a struggle, such a line, and only such, in all countries without exception”. This is how our parties understand militant proletarian internationalism today. The implementation of proletarian internationalism requires that the unity and cooperation between the Marxist-Leninist parties must be deepened and strengthened. In each country there is and can be only one communist party which holds aloft the banner of Marxism-Leninism.

Therefore, the struggle for the unity of the world Marxist-Leninist movement means, above all, the consolidation and strengthening of fraternal relations between the genuine communist parties. It is a fact that there are people who are following in practice a policy directed against the unity of the communist movement. With the aim of imposing the “theory of three worlds” and other opportunist concepts, efforts are being made to exert pressure on various sister parties, to split them and create factions in their ranks. In a series of countries, groups of opportunists and provocateurs are supported against the existing communist parties and the creation of such groups is encouraged. On the other hand, in practice relations are severed with the sister parties for the sole reason that they do not accept this opportunist line, at a time when the above-mentioned groups of opportunists and provocateurs, which are completely isolated from the masses, are described as “communist parties” for the sole reason that they mechanically repeat the opportunist: stands.

Such an entirely unprincipled policy is sabotage of the unity of the world communist movement and an attempt to split it. In the struggle for the strengthening and deepening of the unity arid cooperation of the Marxist-Leninist parties, it is necessary to profit from all the opportunities which present themselves to establish bilateral and multilateral contacts, to coordinate the common struggle in ever more effective forms, as well as to adopt joint declarations. In this context, our parties welcome the Joint Statement of the Marxist-Leninist parties of Latin America as an important success in this struggle. At the same time and in the same direction, we underline the great importance of the international rallies which have been held during the current year in Rome, Ludwigshafen, Athens and Lisbon.

Our parties have the same opinion that the defence of, and solidarity with, the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania, today, the only socialist country in Europe, is a primary duty of proletarian internationalism. The dictatorship of the proletariat is growing steadily stronger and socialism is being built in the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania, under the leadership of the glorious Party of Labour of Albania with comrade Enver Hoxha at the head, and in the difficult conditions of the capitalist-revisionist encirclement. Our parties hold that the report delivered by comrade Enver Hoxha at the 7th Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania constitutes a document of great importance for the strategy and tactics of the world communist movement, as well as a brilliant weapon for the revolutionary understanding of the class struggle on an international scale at the present time.

The Party of Labour of Albania and comrade Enver Hoxha provide a brilliant example of the Marxist-Leninist determination and revolutionary courage that fills our parties with enthusiasm, and we once again hail the determined and courageous stand adopted by the Party of Labour of Albania in its protracted and courageous struggle against all forms of opportunism and revisionism. In their Statement, the sister parties honour the memory of comrade Mao Tsetung, on the occasion of the first anniversary of his death.

The world communist movement will develop and become stronger despite the difficulties, because it gains strength from the invincible theory of Marxism-Leninism and from the great tempests of the class struggle. The resolute militant alliance of the international proletariat, socialist countries and oppressed peoples will undoubtedly deal ever heavier blows to imperialism, headed by the two superpowers, capitalism, reaction and revisionism. The revolutionary struggle, guided on the basis of the teachings of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism, will overthrow imperialism in every country and will put an end to the capitalist society of exploitation and oppression. The socialist revolution will triumph the world over.

Long live Marxism-Leninism!

Long live proletarian internationalism!

Proletarians of all countries, unite!

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Germany (M-L)

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Spain (M-L)

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Greece (M-L)

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Italy (M-L)

The Central Committee of the Portuguese Communist Party (Reconstructed).

October 1977

People’s War in India Clippings 25/9/2015




TDF to organise ‘Chalo Assembly’

A total of 370 organisations in Telangana, including 10 left parties, have come together under the banner of the Telangana Democratic Forum (TDF), to condemn the killings of Maoists Shruthi and Vidyasagar in what is claimed to be an “encounter” by the police, near Medaram of Warangal district. Describing them as gruesome murders by State, representatives of various political and social organisations demanded enquiry by a sitting judge into the killings, and cases filed under Nirbhaya Act on the perpetrators.

A ‘Chalo Assembly’ will be organised by TDF on September 30 protesting the twin murders, they said. Apart from the political left, the Forum includes many organisations which had actively participated in the movement for separate Telangana, such as Telangana Advocates’ JAC, Telangana Vidyavanthula Vedika, Telangana Journalists’ Union, OU JAC, All Mala Students’ Association, Telangana Vidyut JAC, and others. It also includes individuals and intellectuals from Telangana such as Kodandram and Haragopal. Addressing the media, CPI state secretary Chada Venkat Reddy said there is no democratic representation in Telangana State, as people’s organisations are subjected to State harassment.

Virasam leader Varavara Rao said the State has dug its own grave by resorting to the killings. CPI(M) State Secretary Tammineni Veerabhadram said that the government has reached a stage where it cannot tolerate criticism. Educationist Chukka Ramaiah said government should order judicial probe.

Maoists swear revenge for encounter

WARANGAL: CPI Maoist party Khammam, Karimnagar and Warangal (KKW) secretary Damodar has warned the Telangana government of payback for the September 15 encounter in which two Maoists, Shruti and Vidyasagar Reddy, were killed by the police in Warangal. He also called for a bandh on September 28 in the three districts in protest against the encounter. In a press release issued here on Friday, Damodar said that top police officials and ministers were aware of Shruti and Vidyasagar Reddy’s arrests at Moddugutta forest area of Govindaraopet mandal in the district before the duo were killed in cold blood. He alleged that the police tortured Shruti and added that acid was poured on her body to erase any evidence of torture and molestation. He also accused the Telangana government of protecting sand, forest and granite mafia and working against the interests of the poor. “Maoists will not allow smugglers in forests,” he said.

Meanwhile, Naxal sympathiser Varavara Rao called on rights activists to take part in the ‘Chalo Assembly’ rally on September 30 in Hyderabad. He said that the state government should take responsibility for the fake encounter in Warangal. He added that chief minister K Chandrasekhar Rao, who had once praised Maoists as true patriots, has now gone back on the promises he made while campaigning for the elections. “The CM was fully aware of every detail leading to the Warangal encounter. He is protecting the mafia who are robbing the state’s resources and such people are financing government leaders,” he said.




1,750 Kgs of Explosives Recovered in Bastar

RAIPUR: A huge haul of explosives weighing 1,750 kgs, suspected to be delivered to naxals, was seized from two separate places in insurgency-hit Bastar district today, police said. Seven persons have been arrested in this connection, they said. Two consignments of explosives, including 1,000 kg of ammonium nitrate and 750 kg gelatin, were recovered from two different places in the district, Bastar Superintendent of Police Ajay Yadav told PTI. On a tip-off about the supply of a large consignment of explosives from Odisha to Bastar, a police team intercepted an SUV and another vehicle near Dispur village under Darbha police station limits, Yadav said. During their checking, bags of gelatin weighing around 750 kg were seized, he said.

Subsequently, another stock of explosives (ammonium nitrate in nature) weighing around 1000 kg was seized from a hut in forests between Machkot and Tiriya villages under Nagarnar police station limits, the SP said. Prima facie it appears that the illegally transported and stocked explosives were meant for naxals, the SP said. However, investigations are on keeping in view every angle, he added. Seven persons have been arrested so far in connection with seizure while an SUV, a car and a motorcycle were also seized from them, he said, adding that their interrogation may reveal crucial details about the supply of arms and ammunition in the naxal-affected region, he said. Cases have been registered in this regard, the SP added.


Maoists observe Malkangiri bandh, Odisha police on alert

Odisha Sun Times Bureau Bhubaneswar, Sep 25: The district police in Odisha’s Malkangiri are on their toes as the Maoists are observing a dawn-to-dusk bandh in protest against the recent spate of surrenders of Maoist supporters terming it as “fake surrenders”. The bandh called by CPI (Maoists) of Malkangiri divisional has circulated a letter to media in which its secretary has appealed to the media to oppose ‘fake surrenders’. Notably, over 700 villagers, said to be Maoist supporters, have surrendered to the district police in the last one month.

The police are purposely making false cases against Maoists and consequently forcing them to self-surrender. The ‘Bandh’ has been called today to protest these deceitful acts of the police. There are no Maoist supporters among those who have surrendered to the police recently. The administration hasn’t provided adequate compensation to those who had surrendered earlier, CPI (Maoists) of Malkangiri divisional secretary Poonam Chandra said in a release issued to media.

Meanwhile, security has been beefed up in the district with deployment of additional security forces at vulnerable points. The security personnel frisked the vehicles and put up check points at various places. “We have taken adequate security measures to tackle any untoward incident. We have been categorically saying that those who had surrendered are not Maoist supporters… rather they are the victims of Maoists’ tortures. They are coming to us to express their ordeal. Among them, some militia and village committee members are also coming to us. We are facilitating the surrender procedure and providing them surrender benefits. We have distributed about Rs 54 lakh towards surrender benefits during 2014-15 and they have been credited to their accounts. Besides, we have initiated steps for their capacity building as per the rehabilitation policy of the government,” Malkangiri SP Mitrabhanu Mohapatra said.

Maoist posters were spotted at many polices at Kalimela appealing people to lend their support to the bandh call. In Kalyansinghpur, a Maoist poster threatening death sentence for three persons including vice president of Utkal Alumina S Satyanarayan and two villagers from Sikarpai. The poster asked the top official of the alumina company to appear before praja (people’s) court. Following the bandh call, the vehicles have opted to stay off roads. The commuters have been finding it difficult to reach at their destination due to the bandh.

CPI (Maoist) leader gets 3-yr jail

Our Correspondent Mohali, September 25 A Special District Court here today sentenced Harbhinder Singh, alias Jalal, alleged CPI (Maoist) leader, to three years’ imprisonment and imposed a fine of Rs 10,000 on him. The police had arrested Jalal, alleged head of the CPI (Maoist), Punjab, in May 2011 from near Gharuan village while he was travelling in a bus. The police had seized arms and inflammatory printed material from his possession. He was sentenced under the Arms Act.

The police had alleged that his organisation had formed a five-member panel to spread Naxalism among educated and unemployed youth in the state. The police, however, could not find out who the members of the panel were and failed to make any more arrests. The sentence was pronounced by the court of Tarntaran Singh Bindra, Additional District and Sessions Judge. Jalal was released on a bond of Rs 50,000 and allowed one month to prefer an appeal. Sentenced under Arms Act The police had arrested Jalal, alleged head of the CPI (Maoist), Punjab, in May 2011 from near Gharuan village while he was travelling in a bus. The police had seized arms and inflammatory printed material from his possession. He was sentenced under the Arms Act.

Forces take up operation to detect, destroy landmines laid by Maoists

PATNA: Central armed police force (CAPF) and Special Task Force (STF) of the state police are jointly conducting an operation to detect and destroy landmines laid by Maoists in different parts of the state, including forest areas of Jamui and Gaya districts besides Sitamarhi and Nawada districts. CRPF IG Arun Kumar said there have been intelligence reports that Maoists have placed landmines and IEDs, including pipe bombs, cane bombs and cylinder bombs, to inflict heavy damage on the security forces during the ensuing assembly elections. The demining process is meant to facilitate easy movement of forces engaged in the poll process. “The exercise has yielded good results as several landmines were detected and IEDs defused at many places,” he said.

CRPF, for the first time, is using Melinois breed detective dog to sniff bomb and landmines. This led to seizure of 49 bombs placed underground in a series in Bhimbandh area, dense with foliage, in Jamui district on Thursday. The IG said similar bombs in a series were detected in Nawada district about a fortnight back. Besides, central forces have also smashed a mini-gun factory in Jamui and seized unfinished pistols. In Sitamarhi district, another sniffer dog detected two bombs – one placed under a culvert and another under the seat of a boat. Planting of bombs in boats is a new technique adopted by the Maoists as security personnel normally move by boats in diara and areas inaccessible by road.

Forces are leaving no stone unturned to foil Maoist attempts to disrupt the election process, Kumar said. In another case, three IEDs, each having 10kg explosives and kept in cylinders, were detected in Imamganj area of Gaya district. These cylinder bombs were placed four-five feet deep under the road leading to Gaya town.

The demining operation would be a continuous process till the end of election, IG Arun Kumar said. Meanwhile, Election Commission is learnt to have distributed over 1,500 smart phones to the SHOs of all police stations in the state besides DSPs and IPS officers who are posted in field and engaged in poll duties. The purpose is to ensure 24X7 flow of information in case there is a snag in wireless system. These police personnel would keep senior officials informed about any incident. Sources said the commission desires faster movement of information from far-flung areas for any remedial action.

COBRA commando injured in Chhattisgarh blast

A Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA) trooper was critically injured in a bomb explosion near Timilwada village of Sukma District on September 24, reports The Hindu. “Devraj Cherpa of the 206 COBRA battalion accidentally put his foot on a pressure bomb planted by Maoists near Timilwada village. He was rushed to Dornapal for treatment of multiple injuries,” said Santosh Singh, Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP), Sukma District.