TO UNDERSTAND MARIÁTEGUI-1968

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It has been a little more than three years since we had the occasion to talk from this place. At the time, we spoke about the problem of education and shared our thoughts on this important issue. It was a wonderful opportunity to talk with you. Today, once again, we have the opportunity to speak with you, but the circumstances are somewhat different. We are going to speak about José Carlos Mariátegui, of the actuality of his thought, and this task which I have been assigned to address, is not in itself an easy task, at least not to me. First of all, we believe that Mariategui must be approached with respect, and secondly, we must approach him from a clear and precise position, because otherwise it is not possible in any way to understand the actuality and richness of his thought. Of course, Mariátegui has been physically dead for many years, but his thought is still profoundly alive, just as it was in the 1930s. It is still vibrant, still current and still a perspective for Perú, while other thoughts of people who are still alive are truly dead.

It is difficult in an hour more or less, to talk on all Mariátegui’s thought, so for this reason we want to focus on a few concrete problems and emphasize on what should do facing the image of this great Peruvian. First, we uphold the figure of Mariátegui as a proletarian intellectual. We will not get into detailed dates or other matters which are not of interest now. We will get into central problems set forth by the actuality of the thought of José Carlos Mariátegui.

TO UNDERSTAND MARIÁTEGUI

After having tried to bury him in silence, much has been written about Mariátegui. Of course, we also see Mariátegui as very highly spoken of, so as to mystify him, to systematically try to twist him, to try to “better” him with senseless pedantry. It has been said in the first place about Mariátegui that he was not a convicted and confessed Marxist and whose thought was not sustained by Marxism-Leninism. Mariátegui said it himself. He was a convicted and confessed Marxist, fearless, neat and precise. What does that mean? It means that Mariátegui had a proletarian class position. He was plainly and simply on the side of the exploited. Mariátegui felt in his own flesh what the exploited masses of our country felt and during his time, unfortunately for us, a very short life, he translated into deeds what he felt and put in practice written word. Mariátegui had a conception of the world. He had an ideology, and he said many times that his ideology was Marxism-Leninism.

He conceived and upheld it, and he based his thesis on the contemporary world. It is not possible to understand things, and it is not possible to understand society and the world, unless we view them from the ideological conception of the proletariat. Mariátegui was a Marxist-Leninist. If we review his works, Mariátegui tells us that in the current century (he spoke around the 1920′s) Leninism was the new form, the highest Marxism acquired at the time. Mariátegui then found his affiliation with Marx and Lenin and that is why he called himself a convicted and confessed Marxist-Leninist. In the third place, Mariátegui had a working method, a method of analysis, an irreplaceable method to understand anything. Mariategui based himself on dialectical materialism, and his works are convincing proof of that. The first question, we said, which must be very clear, is the proletarian position of Mariátegui, the Marxist-Leninist ideology nourishing him and the dialectical materialistic method guiding him. On these three bases it is feasible to understand the figure of José Carlos Mariátegui, but whoever cannot understand Marxism-Leninism, will not be able to understand Mariátegui, and it is not for a lack of enlightening or of intelligence that she or he cannot understand him, but because he is not on the same side, nor has the same light in the brain, nor uses the same method.

That must be very clear. We must base ourselves on facts, start from the class position of Mariátegui, start from his Marxist-Leninist ideology and one must also start, therefore, from his dialectical materialist method. Whoever does not focus on Mariategui with those three viewpoints indicated above, cannot understand his thought and will twist it in many cases in good faith or in the majority of cases, like the feathery hacks, in very bad faith. Mariategui was a great Latin American Marxist-Leninist and we must be very proud of that fact. There is not in all of Latin America another Marxist-Leninist comparable to him in any way; truly José Carlos Mariátegui is a summit of Latin-American Marxism thought and a greater summit as time goes on. José Carlos Mariátegui is better appreciated outside our borders. Here in our country he is less wanted, less respected, and even very little known, which is a shame.

Mariátegui then is a great Marxist-Leninist, who honors our country and the exploited among our people, but not others, for the others he is a knife sunk in their hearts, which they cannot manage to take it out neither will they are able to take it out. Mariátegui was not a mere repeater, who simply knew four or five formulas, but he is much more, something more profound, more Marxist. He takes Marxism-Leninism and introduces and fuses it with our reality, he gets it into our country, incarnates it in our soil, and upon incarnating it, introducing it, penetrating it in our country with Marxism-Leninism, he Illuminates us with a thought which is still current. The interpretation Mariátegui wrote of our country, in his famous “Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality,” (Siete Ensayos de Interpretacion de la Realidad Peruana) is still an unshakable document.

In Mariátegui we see the grip he had, the Marxist and genial grip of being able to fuse the universal reality of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete actuality of our revolutionary prophet. Very few persons have this quality and Mariátegui had it in excess and grandeur, and we must recognize it. Whoever does not understand the development of Marxist ideas in our country; cannot understand what is happening in Peru, and evens less, of course, can he call himself a revolutionary? Unfortunately there many revolutionaries out there who know Mariategui’s thought and still fear it, a justified fear, because it is a good touching stone to find out who are genuine revolutionaries and who are not.

That’s the reason why they fear Mariátegui. Mariategui’s Seven Essays are still a fundamental part of Peruvian thought. Mariategui developed seven masterful interpretations for us from the Marxist viewpoint, and from the one and only correct viewpoint of our Peruvian reality. Many talented and well-versed scholars with a contrary viewpoint have tried to discredit that little book, from the reactionary position of Don Victor Andres Belaunde but their efforts have failed.

THE IMMORTAL BOOK

Mariategui’s little book “Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality” is still very much alive, while that of Don Victor Andres Belaunde has been read only by very few (mostly for historical curiosity.) We must start from this, what Mariategui is telling us in that little book, in this small volume which constitutes a vision of the People’s War in our country. Mariategui does an analysis of our economy, which is a vital and fundamental issue. It is impossible to understand a society if we don’t understand its economic structure, unless we understand the social relations of exploitation which are the social economy, the political economy. All else are fabrications.

What does he tell us about Perú? He characterized it very concretely; Peru is a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country. He shows and proves it in his scheme of the economic process of our country. Mariátegui also develops an outline of social classes in Perú and their historical development, and he states, with other words, of what today is the Marxist thought in Perú being developed under Mao Tsetung’s thought. Mariategui not only develops an outline of the relations of exploitation in our country, not just an outline of the social classes, he also makes a schematic that describes the evolution of ideas in Perú. He speaks, for instance, of the literary problem, something we must study sufficiently to realize how literature has evolved in Perú, and how it has had a clear class character. Mariátegui makes a fusion of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete reality of our country, and as a result, the best, the most profound meaning of that reality emerges.

This analysis of the Peruvian reality is the basis to continue advancing theoretically what he masterfully began. No one was able to seriously refute the theoretical thesis of Mariátegui, the most they could do, is to come up with superficial outlines, but they could not make the building that he designed and built so quickly and at such a young age. Much has been said that the “Seven Essays,” was simply journalistic work, putting them down as only the work of a newspaperman. There is even a certain individual –the mere saying of his name, Ravines, pollutes the air around us– he claiming things like this: “what can one think about Mariátegui, why so much noise about Mariátegui if he was only a frivolous journalist.” That person did not understand a bit about Mariategui; of course, how could he understand anything about Mariátegui, when he was one of those who deviated from Mariátegui’s road (just like a player of a team who takes off his shirt and goes over to help the other side.) Because they lack the proletarian conception and the method of Mariategui, that shirt will not help them. With time and exposure to the sunlight, things lose their color and become yellowish.

For this reason, the problem is not external, but three little things, three basic things about Mariátegui: his class position, his ideology and his method. Whoever is on the side of the proletariat, of the peasantry and of the exploited classes in our country is in a position to understand Mariátegui; whoever does not assume this attitude, this class position, whoever has one foot on the side of the exploited, and the other foot on the side of the exploiters, whoever cautiously sides with the exploited, but at heart is with the exploiters, is not able to understand Mariátegui; that’s why we see so many salivating varmints out there. However, their spit will never reach the height of the steps reached by Mariategui more than 30 years ago.

MARIATEGUI WAS A FIGHTER FOR THE PROLETARIAT

We would like to go on to another point which cannot be unlinked from the one above. These are tied like the two sides of a sheet of paper, inseparably linked. I am referring to Mariategui as a proletarian fighter, a great figure, an extraordinary thinker and also an extraordinary organizer, and the first militant Marxist fighter of our country. We must also put that out very clearly. José Carlos Mariátegui came to our country from Europe. He brought new ideas and a new task, a mission: to build socialism in Peru.

That was his mission and he fulfilled it. He worked tirelessly for socialism, he lived for socialism, he outstretched himself for socialism, and he died for socialism. At all times he remained unbeatable, with an erect spinal cord, without twisting accommodations. When one studies a bit, one finds in Mariategui a work plan, some kind of organizational development of the proletariat in our country. In the first place, he works to prepare the work of workers unions, he shows up as one of the creators of classic trade unionism. Before him there already were union struggles in the country, but Mariátegui sets the bases for proletarian industrial unionism. Mariátegui is the founder of the General Confederation of Peruvian Workers (CGTP).

The CGTP is Mariátegui’s work. He was its ideologist, its mentor, who built it organically and who conceived its foundations and organizational characters. One of the first organizations the proletariat needs is the structuring of an industrial and trade Central Union. Mariategui understood that very well, but he not only understood it, since Mariátegui was not the type of person who upon understanding something, just laid back relaxing on the enjoyment of his own lucidity, but quite the contrary, he felt the need to fulfill the task this understanding demanded of him. He did all the preparatory work of the CGTP constitution and platform. Any constitution, no matter what it is, has two consecutive parts, two elements which together form any organization or institution. First, the ideological part, that is, the dynamics of thought, the formation of a programme, the constitution of its points of agreement, the importance of a statute, etc., and a second part, the constitution of the organization apparatus strictly speaking. That was understood by Mariategui profoundly and masterfully, and following his Marxist analysis, Mariategui was the creator of the CGTP.

THE GENERAL CONFEDERATION OF PERUVIAN WORKERS (CGTP)

There is a very interesting thing: in developing the statutes, Mariategui made a class conscientious, proletarian workers’ union statute which is still awaiting to fulfill its realization. That is ironic, but more than ironic, it is proof of the disorientation and confusion that after him have imposed certain individuals in the workers’ union movement in our country. If you read the CGTP statutes, in the first place you’d find some sort of introduction, an orientation says Mariategui, and it set forth how the proletariat sees the world of today, how there is a struggle which cannot be disguised, a struggle which cannot be swept under the rag, a struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, and in turn he sets forth, that there is a class ideology one must follow to create a union organization, he sets it forth clearly and in a very precise language.

Then, what does Mariátegui do? Mariátegui sets forth the general bases of the organic constitution of that union organization, but he does not do it so meticulously as to suffocate it, but in general lines, and basic points which allow for the development and initiative of the people. We cannot tell the people, “when you get down a ladder, do it first with the right foot.” We must allow for their initiative, their creativity, let them think with their own heads so they can understand the issues, so they learn instead of being forever “under age.” He thought about the people that they did not need at all times a sort of guiding dog, because the people aren’t blind. Mariátegui understood that very well and that’s why he drew the general bases for the organization. Also, when Mariátegui addressed the problem of the unions he referred to formidable ideas not found in any statute. The only favorable difference of today’s statutes is that they are printed in a better quality paper.

Mariátegui sets forth the means of the struggle and speaks to us about the strike. Why does Mariátegui set forth things that way? Because in the organization one must also speak to them of the means and tactics to wage a struggle, in accordance with what we want to achieve, there is a form of the struggle. It is important to say this, because it one reads the newspapers of today in our country, La Prensa, for instance, it claims that the strike is a poor method, inadequate, a method just for extremist agitators. La Prensa wants to domesticate the proletariat wishing it never goes on strike, but rather appeal to Congress (parliamentarism), to compromise, it pretends that the victim of theft discusses about the stolen goods with the thief. In any struggle, it is important, it is fundamental, to see what the means of the struggle is, the ways in which struggle is conducted, and what is the basic and fundamental demand that allows the mobilization of the masses, and mobilizing them for one sacrosanct reason: because through active mobilization the people open their eyes and understand and free themselves from apathy and atavism and go on to generate those who will conduct the struggles (their leaders). For this reason, a mass movement is very important, for that reason it’s good to highlight this fundamental point in the statutes of the CGTP.

Mariategui also addresses the problem of propaganda and agitation. The people need their own voice to say their own words. They don’t need for others to say it instead of them. The people may not talk in a florid language, they may not have a polished language, they might make mistakes on diction, but it does not matter. What counts is that the people say what they feel, what they see, what they need and struggle consistently and to the end for what they want, regardless of defeats, because any defeats the people may suffer are temporary, all of them, each and every one of them; Mariategui takes care of that too and when we read the statutes he speaks of propaganda and agitation. If we study at this long historical period from Mariátegui’s death, we see how this entire problem has not been understood and how reaction may shout at us every day. However, we cannot find a daily press expressing the voice of the workers, we can’t find such a thing because the problem, how Mariátegui set it forth, has never been well understood. If we do this small summary of what was proposed right in the statutes of the CGTP, then we see the extraordinary capacity Mariátegui possessed and the means of solution. Mariátegui understood perfectly well this problem: “As long as they are organized, the people are invincible.” Lenin, extraordinary in every sense, said: “the people are invincible, but only when they are organized like steel, united on its own principles.”

THE ORGANIZATION OF THE PEASANTRY

Mariátegui proposes that the people, first and foremost, must define their ideological and political position, second, they must forge their organic structure. But Mariátegui not only takes care of organizing the workers, the gigantic work of Mariátegui does not end there, but he sees something else: he understands our country to its very entrails and discovers that in our country there are peasants. Mariátegui not only studies them but understands their role, understands their historic mission, and what it is that oppresses them. Mariátegui says that in Perú, there are peasants who are crushed by the feudalism oppressing them. This feudalism has two expressions: Latifundia and serfdom that damned urge to exploit, to live off somebody else’s labor. Mariátegui understands all that and pinpoints the fundamental cause, the malady, the origin, the historic source is feudalism which still prevails in our country. He says our country is semi-feudal and, that is a mountain yielding its weight over and crushing the Peruvian peasant. The problem of the Peruvian peasant is the problem of the land, and the problem of the land is summarized by how to conquer that land. How can the land be conquered?

Mariátegui proposes that the peasantry be organized and he is the first to sow it under a correct concept, to fight for it from a proletarian viewpoint, indefatigable in the organization of peasants. Mariátegui has a profound work that is seldom read, because many consider it simple political work rather than a scientific one. Some people have monumental blindness. Mariátegui begins to address the peasants’ problem and proposes organic forms, and he does an analysis in his work “Sketch of the Indigenous Problem,” which was presented at an international meeting. Mariátegui analyzes the situation of the peasantry in our country, of interest to us is that right there he proposes forms to organize the peasantry. Mariátegui calls for organizing unions of peasants, to form peasant leagues, to set forth organizations capable of mobilizing of the peasantry. Mariátegui understands that without organization the people are very weak and cannot fight. However, he does not stop there, he proposes the need to create a workers-peasants alliance, that is, one of the most fundamental principals of any revolutionary process. Mariátegui points this out and goes further. He proposes two extraordinary things; with respect to Power, Lenin said: “the problem of the revolution is the problem of Power.”

That is fundamental, everything points to conquering power, to retain it or to maintain it. Some believe that Mariátegui was a deformed humanist or a humanistic bourgeois liberal. Mariátegui goes much further and says that there is something else to do in the problem of organizing the peasantry: to find out the weaponry of the peasants, to organize the revolutionary armed forces of the peasantry. Now, don’t tell me I am promoting this: I am merely speaking of Mariátegui, and Mariátegui proposes arming the peasantry as one of the necessary forms of organizing them; he not only proposed that, but proposed that Soviets needed to be formed, and that is most correct and applicable from A to Z, wholly and absolutely, outside little fears we might have. That was how Mariátegui proposed things.

THE PARTY

Mariátegui resolves the political problem in our country. He knows perfectly well that the proletariat has organic forms such as workers unions, workers’ alliances, and workers’ weaponry. Well, Mariategui knew that these three things we just mentioned amount to nothing if there is no brain guiding it. So then Mariategui proposes founding a proletarian party and creates the party of the proletariat in our country. Anyone studying the problem of the ideas in Peru must recognize that fact. But out there we see some of the ilk of Carlos Tapia saying that Mariátegui was not the founder of the Communist Party of Perú, that what Mariátegui founded was the Socialist Party of Perú, “because Mariátegui was a man of ample concepts, and an ample spirit, Mariátegui was not sectarian.

He was not narrow minded, and he was very gentlemanly in his ideas.” That seems like a defense of Mariátegui, but in reality it is the worst offense that can be done to Mariátegui. Mariátegui would accept anything except that, which is like telling him: “you were a bad man, at the end, you broke down when you were only 35.” There are some “defenders” whom we are better off telling them, do not defend me, because you are sinking me, and that is what we need to tell to these “defenders of Mariátegui,” who speak about a non-sectarian Mariátegui, and ample and democratic one, so ample as to confuse the exploiters for the exploited. Mariátegui founded the Communist Party of Peru, which at first was not thus named: it was named the Socialist Party.

There arises the aforementioned Mr. Ravines saying, “we can prove it with documents and everything else,” he says with trembling voice that he [Mariátegui] founded the Socialist Party and not the Communist Party. “I founded the Communist Party,” states the miserable Ravines. But that is false. It is true that Mariátegui founded the Socialist Party, but affiliated to the III International and subject to the principles stipulated by Lenin in 1919. How is that about? Mariátegui creating a Socialist Party instead of a Communist Party, however one affiliated to the Communist International? Were those really ignorant people who thought that this party was not the Communist Party, yet in reality it was? Mariategui wrote its constitutive charter, its birth certificate. Mariategui was present there. Mariategui also wrote the party programme. We must refer to the documents found in the works of Martinez de la Torre, there we find the programme written by Mariategui himself, the program of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP). How is that? He does not create the Party, yet creates that document? Does that mean that those in the International were not aware?

They say he did not create it, yet was affiliated to the International. He does not create it, yet writes its constitutive charter. Simply what we see is a conspiracy to wrest away from us the immense figure of Mariátegui. Mariátegui dedicated his life and tireless work to accomplish what he thought was his duty, to participate in the struggle for Peruvian socialism. But he wasn’t only a mere participant but the one who generated it. Since then, socialism in our country has a filiation, an ideal. We are in the process of rediscovering the figure of Mariategui.

WE ARE THE LEGITIMATE HEIRS OF MARIATEGUI

We want to speak about the actuality of Mariátegui. But first we must speak of the enemies of Mariátegui. You already know that he died young, at age 35; his work remained largely to be done and he set the bases for his practical work. His work has had many ups and downs: open felonies, untold betrayals, opportunists attempting to cover themselves under his shade. It also has, naturally, individuals who have defended it consistently and some who today want to go back to his figure, to his source. With Mariátegui physically dead, certain elements, certain individuals, certain weasels whose name I do not even want to mention here, arise as the ones carrying the banner of Mariátegui, for the express purpose of systematically renege and distort his thought and betray in deeds the legacy they claim to have received. How do these self-proclaimed heirs of Mariátegui behave politically? , What is their practice? By their deeds you will know them.

The way they act today they will act tomorrow and with still more reason in 1969. In words, they cover Mariátegui with praise, they fill column after column in newspapers to pay him homage. They call for massive and popular picnics, ostensibly to heighten the figure of Mariátegui. Behind Mariategui’s name, they pretend to hide their many years of betrayals in our country, more than 30 years. They are old and proven betrayers. Can anyone heighten the image of Mariategui, recognize him, without following his thought? In no way is this possible. How could they have been followers of Mariategui when, unlike the Amauta who held that the country is semi-feudal and semi-colonial, they hold, with very loose bones and shamelessly, that Peru is a dependent nation? How can they be followers of Mariátegui? These gentlemen say, and it is on their posters, in their documents around everywhere, they claim that Mariátegui’s thought is still current, is still real, concrete, that Mariátegui’s economic analysis is still reality in our country, but that Peruvian society is semi-feudal and dependent. Let’s repeat what Mariategui says? Mariategui says that Perú is a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country, and that its semi-colonial character will go on worsening and establishing itself more with the increased penetration of imperialism.

Let’s ask ourselves a simple question: Has imperialism penetration increased or not since the time of Mariátegui? The clear answer is obviously yes. It has penetrated more. If imperialism has penetrated more, has what Mariátegui said been fulfilled or not? He told us that with the further penetration of imperialism, and of semi-colony we would be even more at risk of becoming a total colony, that is, definitely losing our sovereignty. Mariátegui proposed, for instance, a workers and peasants front and to make Soviets.

And what do these self-proclaimed followers of Mariátegui preach? They preach to make a front with the bourgeoisie. How about the workers and peasants? They are not in their plans, except for the very few they bring in pulling them from their ears, to falsely represent the genuine workers. But what do these supposed followers say? That we should participate in elections that through elections we will conquer power. What kind of followers are these? I refer myself to Mariátegui’s documents. Can these gentlemen be called followers of Mariátegui? No. They are smokers of Mariátegui, arsonists of Mariátegui’s work. They burn a lot of frankincense for the purpose of covering the saint with ashes, to tar him so no one will be able to see how he really was and still is. Much picnicking, much phrase mongering, elevating the figure of the man while prostituting his thought.

They mention Mariátegui a lot while denying his revolutionary vision. Are these followers of Mariátegui? No. They are traffickers, enemies of Mariátegui. They want to reduce the celebration of Mariátegui to merely commemorate his death. Very symptomatic. They celebrate his death because they celebrate that he is dead, understand? When should we be much happier of the fact that he was born, like for the great figures of the world, nobody celebrates the day Lenin died, but all celebrate the day on which Lenin was alive. We know them better for their deeds. We must not accept that. We must fight all those who oppose Mariátegui, who denies he. But it is not only Mariátegui who has those kinds of enemies

THOSE “SUPERSEDING” MARIATEGUI’S WORK

He also has hidden enemies. Those individuals who keep on saying: “On what year was it that Mariátegui wrote? In 1928? Ah! ,” They say, “that was forty years ago! In 40 years historical science has progressed much in the world. The methods of investigation have progressed much, studies on Peruvian history have advanced both on the archeology, on history of the republic, on history of the Inca empire, “these things have advanced so much as to “exceed the reach of Mariátegui.”The affiliation of these superseders is the same of the improvers of Marx. These “petty superseders”have not even been able to supersede their own narrow minds. They are liars, false, traffickers.

What do these individuals do? They have the habit of accumulating data: that typical intellectual richness of the bourgeoisie. Data is a bourgeois concept. They believe that the more data one has, the better interpreter one is, the better understanding one has of the national situation; which of course it is absurd. That is not where the problem lies, it is not a matter of accumulating data, because we simply are not mere counting machines; the problem lies on the interpretation, and Mariátegui called it “Seven Essays of Interpretation,” not seven essays of data accumulation. And the problem of interpretation is a problem of class position, of proletarian ideology and of dialectical materialist method. What happens is that his superseders have yet to grasp the problem of knowledge in the bourgeoisie and in the proletarian. What happens is that these superseders want to make a Marxist interpretation of Perú, with a bourgeois concept in their heads, that is what really happens. What is the end result? A chili pot which not even they themselves are able to digest and that is how ambiguous things get: “Perú is semi-capitalist, Perú is a semi-colony, Perú is a neo-colony, but Perú is the same time semi-feudal, at the same time that it is capitalist.” But what the hell is Perú?

The problem with these individuals is that they lack unity of thought, not because they are less intelligent. They may have a great intelligence, great wit, but they lack a base. It is a like building a house that has a roof but lack of a foundation. They lack class position and that is why they cannot go further. They digress, make grandiose interpretative schemes, lucid and brilliant schemes about a stage of the country or of today’s Peruvian society, but they are unable to get to the crux of the problem and therefore, end up talking about Perú having curious situations of class or curious alliances. There is nothing curious in Perú, society is not curious at all. Society is governed by laws, but those who do not follow Marxism cannot understand those laws. To these friends, to these gentlemen who pretend to overcome Mariategui, we must tell them to understand what the problem is, show them what a gross mistakes they make when they try to understand Mariátegui while keeping the bourgeois system in their heads. They will never succeed. One of the most debated problems is the capitalist character of Peru, because Mariategui held that Perú is semi-feudal and that is correct.

They claim Mariátegui made a mistake because he said we are semi-feudal when we are capitalist; what happens is that at the bottom of the thought of those individuals there is no dialectic mechanism, they believe that revolution is not feasible unless the forces of production are largely developed. That concept was superseded already: Lenin made of these ideas “mashed potatoes,” but some still revive it. Some people claim to have superseded Mariategui. In what does this betterment consist? Where is the well-thought document showing us that the country is this or that way, or that the revolution must have this or that character? That is another problem, because Mariátegui says that the first stage of the Peruvian revolution is national democratic, people’s democratic, but the superseders of Mariátegui say, no, the revolution is socialist. Finally, there is another set of twisters, they extract or cut little sentences of Mariátegui’s work, then begin to make weird mental elaborations, somewhere Mariátegui says something about religion, he has an opinion about religion, about the myth, but then some rub their hands with glee, their soft hands which have never done any field work, and say: deep down Mariátegui was a mystic and not a Marxist, he was a humanist that suffered and pained for Peru. Mariátegui set forth clearly that Marxism-Leninism is universal.

The superseders take hold for one sentence of his in which he said that the revolution in Perú will not be traced nor copied. Mariátegui set forth Marxism as a universal truth and that universal truth he transferred into our reality. It is not as some say that Mariátegui attempted to squeeze reality within the narrow Marxist scheme that is what Mr. Victor Andres Belaunde said. No. Mariategui has not done that. Mariátegui was not a senseless man. Mariátegui was a Marxist man and he understood things as a scientist, although he had an anti university feelings, this was because he was against the rigid, obsolete and a feudal university we had in our country, not against the people’s university which he shone with his thought. Reactionaries pretended to show a bourgeois or petty-bourgeois Mariátegui, and some have even said Mariátegui was a populist [laughter], a populist in the sense that it was Mariátegui who developed the pro-peasantry thought in Perú, a Mariátegui who did not develop a proletarian conception, but a conception from the viewpoint of the peasantry. That is a lie and a gross distortion. Mariátegui is a Marxist, he does not have the peasantry viewpoint, because if he had it, he would be a petty bourgeois revolutionary and nothing else.

TO STUDY AND TO DIFFUSE

What conclusions must we the revolutionaries draw about Mariátegui’s thought? First, to study and diffuse José Carlos Mariátegui. Why study Mariátegui? Because much is spoken about him in our country, but very little by him is read. Let’s do a retrospective analysis and see if we have read the 10 little volumes written by Mariátegui? Strictly speaking, do we know his political proposals? Are we familiar with his anti-imperialism viewpoint? How many times have we think about the problem of an anti-imperialist viewpoint? How much have we meditated about the problems of Mariátegui? Not much. Mariátegui is a man who shines in our country: there is no one else of this magnitude. What figure do they pretend to counterpoise? To Mr. Riva Aguero, that apprentice of fascism who never even became a consistent one? Neither did Don Victor Andres Belaunde managed to put forth a consistent thought. Belaunde is a superficial man, who today is taken for a thinker. His work on St. Agustine does not go beyond pure quackery, it is shell without substance. We must spread Mariátegui’s thought.

What have we done for the fortieth anniversary of Mariátegui? Have we studied him in depth? Have we held discussions at the base level, organize seminars and conferences on the Seven Essays? Have we attempted to try to apply what Mariátegui said and to follow his line to understand in that light, the current situation in the country? Have we picked up the lantern to be able to see where we are going? We have not done so. Concretely, here is what I propose. I think we must set forth activities to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the Seven Essays. How do we do that? For now, at least by discussing it. Secondly, it seems to me that we have another task: the problem of defending Mariategui, who is being attacked openly, and covertly.

Mariátegui is a source of light which we cannot allow to be turned off, to be slander, we cannot allow for it to be seemed through colored lenses, so we would be forced to see black what is red, so his fundamental ideas would get twisted. We cannot allow that, we have to defend Mariátegui, because if we do not, then Mariátegui will be continued to be cast aside. We’d then be following the same policy of the reactionaries: what reaction did, was to take Mariátegui, chained and threw him in jail, and then tried to silence his ideas. We must free Mariátegui, because if we do not, then neither can we liberate ourselves. Of course, this is not a personal problem but a problem of liberating all people.

In third place, I think we must further the study of Mariátegui, I do not pretend to supersede or overcome Mariategui, I do no want to be classified in quarters of the superseders, but I think we must develop Mariátegui further, take his ideology, his method, his sources as a base, and develop these problems. For example, how we analyze the Peruvian economy of 1968, in the light of the 1928 essay? It would be magnificent thing to do the same with literature, with the problem of the land, women and other problems. I think that this is a duty and we the intellectuals, must fulfill it, and the workers as well as the peasants because we find many portions of his work which refer to them in plain and clear language. In conclusion, Mariátegui is a great example, united with other figures in our history, such as, for example, Tupac Amaru.

THE EXAMPLE OF MARIATEGUI

Mariátegui is a historic figure of our country. Even if a recent one, he already has a perfect historical dimension that excels. He is the country’s ideologist. There is no other one. The reactionary ideologists are dwarfed and defeated by Mariátegui. We must do it. How wonderful it would be if there were a few more people like him! Because I am quite convinced that individuals like Mariátegui are not born and forge every day, but every once in a while. His family name can be canned and assumed by his relatives or not.

What matters here is the example. We must raise his figure as an example to follow, as guide of the revolution in our country, and our country is deeply changing and will change even more. It has been said, nobody can stop history, it may be deviated a bit for a short while, but not more. Mariátegui, therefore, is an example to us, but an example of what? Mariátegui is an example of proletarian revolutionary, not more, not less. We do not make him bigger. Mariátegui doesn’t want that we exalt him nor he wants that we take away his merits. If we say he is an example of a revolutionary, then we would be stripping him of his proletarian family name; if we take the proletarian position out of him, then Mariátegui would be just one more among many.

AN ITTY BITTY THEORETICIAN

And what does it mean? I study Mariategui to understand what is about, I see his work, his life, and I find in Mariátegui’s work a theoretical development, a Marxist-Leninist analysis of our problems, a great theoretician of Perú and of Latin America. We must follow that example; I am not proposing that we must be equal to him, but only that we follow his road. For instance I could make a little prologue. For instance, I could do something following his light on this level, and by doing so I would be an itty bitty theoretician, but I am on his road, and if we join together all the itty bitty truths that we may be reaching at while following the road of Mariategui, then it becomes a huge river of truth. Who is more responsible for doing this? The intellectuals. But not the plain intellectuals because our country and its development not only demand intellectuals: It demands revolutionary intellectuals.

What does it mean? Mao Tse-tung’s answer is luminous and precise and very realistic when he says we must fuse ourselves with the exploited masses of workers and peasants. He says that very concretely. If one wants to be revolutionary intellectual then one must fuse himself with the masses, work with them, feel like they do and think like they do. But this is a process, because we must leave aside our status, our business suits, we must become revolutionary intellectuals. That is a reflection proper to all of us, which carries us to the second part. In Mariategui, we see the man of action, a doer, even when he confronted some personal problems, like his family, his health, he always put those problems behind his main task.

Mariátegui was very consistent. He sacrificed all for his work because he understood the importance of it, because he was a fighter, whoever is not a fighter, is not a Marxist-Leninist. We must follow his road, truly, letter by letter, it will be difficult to follow his road, but we must follow it. I think some ideas have been clarified, so try to take out all the embellishment and multitude of florid words, and retain what is essential, the synthesis, the schematic, the outline, there remain, thus, a few ideas, especially the need of enthroning the thought of Mariategui, of defending it and following his example. The destiny of our people is at stake. Either we enthrone the thought of Mariategui, or the country does not go forward.

[Chairman Gonzalo, Conference at the University of SAN CRISTOBAL DE HUAMANGA in AYACUCHO, PERU, 1968]

Modi Go Back!-PCR-RCP

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Although representatives of the Canadian state like to condemn “Islamo-fascism” whenever it is convenient (as with the recent hoopla over the Charlie Hebdo shootings), the truth is that it really has no problem with real world fascism if and when it is aligned with the imperialist camp. A perfect example of this is Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s official visit to Canada on April 15-16, as the last stop in three state visit (the first and second being to France and Germany, respectively), where the Conservative regime, along with the Liberals and “social democrat” NDP, will be in attendance to legitimize Modi’s literally fascist regime. Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] is a Hindu-fascist party that desire to cleanse India of anything deemed non-Hindu.

Before becoming prime minister, Modi and the BJP were notorious for their involvement in pogroms against India’s Muslim minority (including mass killings and mass rape), so perhaps this is why the Canadian state tolerates the BJP’s fascism—as long as it is aimed at Muslims, who are mainly “Islamo-fascists” according to Harper, then fascism can be tolerated. Moreover, Modi’s regime is carrying out a war on the people of India, Operation Green Hunt, in order to cleanse the Indian interior of those undesirables, many of whom are organized with the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and fighting back, that are in the way of resource extraction. Considering that the Canadian state pours money into Operation Green Hunt, and that its corporations will doubtlessly profit from the resources blocked by this insurgency, it is happy to shake hands with fascists.

Instituting the Armed Forces Special Powers Act [AFSPA], a relic of the colonial period that provides Indian security forces with the power to do anything without warrant or legal sanction, the Modi regime is not only pursuing Operation Green Hunt but has been carrying out brutal activities in Manipur, slaughtering up to eight thousand nine hundred and eighty-three men and women. All of this in India, the so-called “largest democracy in the world.” Once again, Canada’s government demonstrates that, despite whatever rhetoric it might spout when it’s convenient, it is firmly embedded in the imperialist camp and supports the most anti-people regimes. The fact that the NDP and Liberals are also happy to legitimate Modi, and show no sign of condemning Operation Green Hunt or the AFSPA, demonstrates that the differences between these ruling class electoral parties is as minor as the difference between high school clubs or college fraternities.

Repeal the AFSPA and Free Manipur!

Stop Operation Green Hunt and the war on the people of India!

Victory to the Communist Party of India (Maoist)!

Victory to Maoist Communist Party of Manipur!

People’s War in India Clippings 14/4/2015

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Maoist undertrials to observe fast

Seven members from the Central Committee of the banned CPI (Maoist), who are lodged in Visakhapatnam Central Jail and Cherlapally Central Jail as undertrial prisoners, will observe one-day fast on Wednesday, protesting the alleged extra-judicial killing of five undertrial prisoners by the Telangana police and 20 labourers from Tamil Nadu in Seshachalam forest by the AP Police. Addressing the media persons here on Monday, civil rights activist and member of Virasam Varavara Rao said CC member Varanasi Subrahmanyam, N. Ravi Sharma and Purnendu Mukherjee, who are lodged in Visakhapatnam jail, and Akhilesh Yadav, Bacha Prasad Singh, Amit Bagchi and Vijay Kumar Arya, who are in Cherlapally jail, have decided to take up the protest.

Mr. Varavara Rao termed both the shootings as brazen extra-judicial cold-blooded murder. In the case of Vikaruddin and four of his accomplices, who were alleged to be SIMI activists and were shot dead by the Telangana police while being shifted from Warangal to Hyderabad near Nalgonda, Mr. Varavara Rao said, “all the five were undertrial prisoners and all such prisoners are under the protection of the court. It was the gross failure of the judiciary to protect them and it was a clear case of revenge killing.”

He further said the circumstantial evidences in both the cases clearly indicate that the killings were fake and staged. The civil rights activist also demanded that the High Court should intervene and suspend all the police officials involved in both the cases and book them for culpable homicide.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/maoist-undertrials-to-observe-fast/article7100089.ece

MHA warns of more Naxal attacks

Caught on the back foot after four Naxal attacks in three days in Chhattisgarh, the Union Home Ministry on Monday warned the state government of more such attacks. MHA sources said two successive alerts were issued in the last 24 hours regarding possible attacks that threaten revival of Naxal violence after a brief period of calm in the state. The MHA decided to confer gallantry medals on the security personnel killed in the back-to-back attacks, officials said.

“The Ministry has decided to honour the martyred policemen as part of the initiative to boost the morale of the forces which are engaged in the counter-naxal operations,” said a senior official, adding that Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh has spoken with Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh to take stock of the situation. These attacks have also have exposed chinks in the anti-Naxal armour put in place by the state government and the Centre and also highlighted the lack of coordination between the two, sources said on Monday.

An official admitted that the attacks exposed lack of coordination between the forces on the ground between the Special Task Force, the state police and the Central Paramilitary Forces, namely the BSF and the CRPF. Even as MHA officials said the attacks underlined “an increasing engagement by the State police with the Maoists”, the casualties on the ground showed lack of actionable intelligence about the impending attacks, a source said. In one of the attacks a BSF jawan was killed less than 500 metres from his camp in Kanker district while one perimeter security duty. “It is a positive indication that the State government is taking the lead in carrying out operations against the Naxals. Standard operating procedures on carrying out troop movement and counter-IED measures are already in place and they are being followed,” officials countered.

A comprehensive counter-naxal doctrine recently drafted by the MHA also envisages a lead role for State police forces in carrying out anti-naxal operations. The official said: “However, although precautions are taken to ensure that there are no casualties on our side, but is a war going on in the difficult terrains and occasionally, preparations prove to be inadequate. All the incidents are being analysed to ascertain how such attacks can be thwarted effectively.” While the MHA has five extra companies of para-military forces to assist the State police in conducting anti-naxal operations, the state has been demanding 26 more battalions over and above the nearly 50 already posted there. Chhattisgarh is the only state where Naxal violence has been growing since 2012. Security agencies suspect that the recent attacks by Naxals could be part of the outfits’ tactical counter offensive campaign launched around this time every year to re-group and gain ground.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/union-home-ministry-warns-of-more-naxal-attacks/article7099064.ece

Series of attacks in Chhattisgarh puts other Naxal-hit states on high alert

Bhubaneswar/Berhampur: In the wake of a series of Naxal attacks on security forces in neighbouring Chhattisgarh, a high alert was on Tuesday sounded in Maoist-hit districts of Odisha, particularly in the southern region. Police personnel have been put on alert in Maoist-affected districts, particularly in areas bordering Chhattisgarh, Director General of Police (DGP), Sanjeev Marik said. While security forces have been alerted after the Chhattisgarh incidents, Superintendents of Police in Maoist-hit districts have been asked to keep a close watch on movements of suspicious persons, he said.

Police apprehend that the left-wing ultras might cross over to Odisha’s Maoist-hit areas following intensified search operation in the neighboring state after violence in last three days in Sukma, Dantewada and Kanker districts. The SPs of all Naxal-hit districts are in a state of high alert in view of possibility of cross-border movement of Maoists from Chhattisgarh, Inspector General of Police (South West), Y K Jethwa said. While the emphasis is on strict adherence to standard operating procedure (SOP), intelligence network has also been strengthened, he said CPI (Maoist) cadre from Chhattisgarh were trying their best to strengthen the organisation in border areas of Ganjam, Gajapati, Kandhamal, Boudh and Rayagada after the arrest of Sabyasachi Panda, founder leader of Odisha Maobadi Party (OMP) on 17 July, last year, police suspected. “Combing operation has been intensified in Kandhamal district following the incidents in Chhattisgarh.

We have also asked our personnel to maintain strict vigil on the movement of suspicious people in vulnerable areas,” said SP (Kandhamal) KV Singh. “Search was conducted in the long-route vehicles passing through the district, while anti-Maoist operation intensified,” added SP (Gajapati) S.Nayak. He, however, ruled out engaging more forces in the anti-Maoist operation. Besides police, Central Reserve Police Forces, District Volunteer Forces (DVF) and BSF were deployed in the operation.

http://www.firstpost.com/india/series-attacks-chhattisgarh-puts-naxal-hit-states-high-alert-2196050.html

Naxals set on fire construction machine in Kanker

Raipur: Naxals on Monday torched a `poclain (excavating) machine’ engaged in construction work in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Kanker district, police said. The incident took place near Mandlipur village under Koyalibeda police station limits where construction of an anicut (barrier) on a small river is underway, Kanker Deputy Superintendent of Police Jayant Vaishnav told PTI. “A group of Maoist cadres stormed the construction site and torched the vehicle late this evening,” he said. “No one was hurt in the incident,” he added. Soon afterwards, a police team was sent to the spot, the DSP said, adding that a search operation was launched in the region to apprehend the attackers.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/chhattisgarh/naxals-set-on-fire-construction-machine-in-kanker_1578253.html

Four Maoist leaders produced before Karimnagar magistrate

Four top leaders of Communist Party of India (Maoist) were produced before a local court here today amid tight security. Maoist leaders Amit Bagchi, Akhilesh Jadhav and Batchi Prasad Singh were produced in court from from the Warangal Central Prison whereas Jaspal Singh, alias Vijay Kumar Arya, was brought from the Chanchalguda Central Prison in Hyderabad, before Karimnagar First Class Additional Judicial Magistrate at about 1.30 pm today. All of them are undertrial prisoners in the murder of former Andhra Pradesh Assembly Speaker Duddilla Sripada Rao in 2009, in which top Maoist leader Muppala Laxman Rao, alias Ganapathi, as well as 32 others have also been named as accused.

Based on a confessional statement made by one of the accused Malla Raji Reddy, on January 1, 2008 at Karimnagar, the Karimnagar Rural Police registered a case of murder against Muppala Laxman Rao as well as 32 others including Kobad Ghandy, Varanasi Subrahmanyam, Janthu Mukherjee, Amit Bagchi, Jaspal Singh and Akhilesh Jadav who are held in various prisons. Among those yet to be arrested are Muppala Laxman Rao, Akkiraju Haragopal and Cherukuri Rajkumar while another accused named Mallojula Koteshwar Rao, alias Kishanji, was killed in a police encounter in West Bengal’s Jangal Mahal region on November 24, 2011.

Malla Raji Reddy, who made the confessional statement, was granted bail and has been absconding since then, while another Maoist leader Pramod Mishra was released on bail recently. However, the police have not filed a charge sheet in this case so far. Karimnagar Magistrate Azahar Hussain has directed the police to produce all those accused in the case before him on April 27, 2015.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/four-maoist-leaders-produced-before-karimnagar-magistrate-115041300965_1.html

Seven tribals abducted by Maoists in Odisha

The incident happened at Kartanpalli, a remote village in Malkangiri district. Seven tribal civilians including a village head and a former block chairperson were abducted by Maoists from a Kartanpalli, a remote village under Mathili police station of Malkangiri district in Odisha bordering Chhattisgarh on Monday night. According to locals, the armed abductors spoke Hindi, suggesting that they may be part of Darbha division of outlawed CPI (Maoist), which is active in the Chhattisgarh and bordering areas of Odisha.

According to Malkangiri police, a search operation has been initiated to locate the abducted persons. Since security forces apprehend planned ambush by ultras due to hilly terrain, they are taking utmost precaution. The abducted persons included former chairperson of Mathili block, Trinath Bhumia and the village head of Kartanpalli, Sanyasi Bhumia. According to sources, a group of around 20 armed ultras had reached Kartnapalli village at Monday late night and called up seven persons including these two. They were forced to go inside the jungle along with the armed Maoists. The Maoists had told villagers that they would release these seven after discussion, on Tuesday morning. But till Tuesday afternoon no news of these abducted persons had reached Kartanpalli.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/tribals-abducted-by-suspected-maoists-in-odisha/article7101847.ece

People’s War in India Clippings 13/4/2015

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4th Naxal Attack in 3 Days: 3 cops killed, 8 injured in an attack on security vehicle in Chhattisgarh

RAIPUR: At least 4 police officials have been killed and eight are injured as Naxalites in its fourth attack in last three days tried to explode a mine protected vehicle (MPV) near Cholnar in Dantewada district in tribal Bastar region of Chhattisgarh on Monday. According to the police sources, the rebels triggered a powerful blast aiming at the anti-landmine vehicle that injured 11 security personnel who have been taken to a district hospital. The incident was reported near Cholnar, approximately 25 Kms from district headquarters of Dantewada. After reaching the ambush site, Dantewada district superintendent of police Kamal Lochan Kashyap is supervising relief and rescue operations.

http://www.newsx.com/regional/2195-4th-naxal-attack-in-3-days-3-cops-killed-8-injured-in-an-attack-on-security-vehicle-in-Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh: Third Naxal attack in 48 hours, BSF soldier killed in gunbattle in Kanker district

Raipur: In the third Naxal attack in the last 48 hours, one Border Security Force soldier was killed in a gunbattle with the rebels in Chhattisgarh’s Kanker district on Monday. A group of Naxals opened indiscriminate firing on security personnel who were carrying out patrolling in the proximity of Chhote Baithiya BSF camp under Bande police station area late Sunday night, Kanker Superintendent of Police Jitendra Singh Meena said. A gunbattle erupted between security forces and ultras and the rebels soon fled to the core forests, he added.

http://ibnlive.in.com/news/chhattisgarh-third-naxal-attack-in-48-hours-bsf-soldier-killed-in-gunbattle-in-kanker-district/539550-3-235.html

Rajnath Singh chairs meet to review Naxal strategy

In the wake of a series of daring Maoist attacks in Chhattisgarh, top ministers of the NDA government met in New Delhi on Sunday in the absence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, where the Sukma attack, the Centre’s anti-Naxal strategy and the controversial Land Bill came up for discussion. Home minister Rajnath Singh chaired the meeting, where a view emerged that the state government must act fast and a clear policy must be framed to flush out the Naxals and to ensure development work is not hindered. Chhattisgarh became a sitting duck for the Naxals, with Central security agencies warning the state weeks ago that the rebels had a “free run” in the state and a clear policy direction coupled with tough police action was vitally needed to thwart any further strikes.

A major offenisve to flush out the Naxals from both Sukma and Bastar districts is being planned by the security forces, where additional central forces will help the state police to hunt down the Naxal leadership in their hotbeds, the sources said. At Sunday’s meeting chaired by the home minister, that was attended by finance minister Arun Jaitley, external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj, transport minister Nitin Gadkari and communications minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, at Mr Singh’s official residence, it was decided to provide all necessary assistance to the Chhattisgarh government to tackle the situation. The challenges facing the Land Bill in the Rajya Sabha and other issues likely to come up in the second part of the Budget Session starting April 20 also came up for discussion.

http://www.asianage.com/india/rajnath-singh-chairs-meet-review-naxal-strategy-312

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Naxal Wanted by Maha Police Arrested in Madhya Pradesh

BALAGHAT: A Naxalite, wanted by Maharashtra police, was arrested from Dhiri Muram forest area in the district, a senior police official said today. Acting on a tip-off, the Hawk force team of police arrested the Naxalite, identified as Badru alias Krishna (26), resident of Bhave village in Rajnandgaon district of neighbouring Chhattisgarh, IG Balaghat D C Sagar and SP Gaurav Tiwari said in a release.

Badru was hiding in a bush near Mata Ghat temple in the forest area and was identified by an informer following which he was arrested by the police as part of the ongoing anti-Naxal operation in the district, they said. A case was registered against him at Salekasa police station in Gondia district of Maharashtra in 2012 for his alleged involvement in Naxal activities there and since then a permanent arrest warrant was issued against him. Balaghat police informed their counterparts in Salekasa police station about the Naxal’s arrest.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Naxal-Wanted-by-Maha-Police-Arrested-in-Madhya-Pradesh/2015/04/13/article2762541.ece

Odisha police tightens security at jails after warning of possible Maoist attack

The Central Intelligence has warned the Odisha Police regarding a possible Maoist attack on the state jails so as to make way for forceful release of arrested Maoists lodged in those jails. After the information, all jails of the state have been put on high-alert. According to Central Intelligence the Maoists may hurl bombs on jails to free Maoist leaders like Sabyasachi Panda and Azad alias Duna who are currently lodged in differents jails of the state. As the Odisha police is busy in preparations of Nabakalebara preparations, the Maoists may take advantage of such a situation.

Following the warning, security arrangements at jails in Bhubaneswar, Berhampur and other places have been tightened. Special Operation Group (SOG) jawans and trained dogs have been deployed at these places. The Quick Response Team (QAT) of Commissionerate Police has become alert in the capital for the purpose.

http://www.iamin.in/en/berhampur/news/odisha-police-tightens-security-jails-after-warning-possible-maoist-attack-57229

Maoist alleges Director of Art & Culture of fund misappropriation

IMPHAL, April 12: Claiming that Director of Art & Culture, Dr K Shushila has been found involved in many wrongdoings during her tenure as the Deputy Director of Manipur State Archive as per its report, the banned Maoist Communist Party, Manipur has alleged that the Director in cahoots with one Longjam Ajit who is said to be proprietor of Info Trade Services, PDA Complex Shop no 5 at Lamphel Super Market floated a fake tender and handed over the works related to record digitization. A statement issued by Comrade Nonglen Meetei, Secretary Publicity and Propaganda of Maoist Communist Party, Manipur said there is no belief at all that Archaeology Department, Manipur State Archives, Central Library, Museum, Music College, Dance College, Moirang INA, Art College, State Kala Akademi and Manipur Film Development Corporation (MFDC) which are all under the Art & Culture will come up with good works for the welfare of the people following the revelation of the wrongdoings committed by the Director.

Out of the total share amount of Rs 13, 33, 333 of National Archives of India and the state, a sum of Rs 10 lakh sanctioned by the national archives was fraudulently transferred to the personal account of Dr K Shushila and withdrawn it later. The Director in collusion with the so called Info Trade Services installed a machine merely priced under Rs 1 lakh. Moreover, supply work of archives office was awarded to the fake proprietor of the services, the statement contended. Subsequently, L Ajit withdrew a sum of Rs 8 lakh through the form of a banker cheque though the amount for supply work was given by Manipur State Archives through the form of a cheque in the name of Info Trade Services.

In the meantime, it was decided that the state share amount of Rs 13, 33, 333 for record digitization will be directly transferred to the personal account of the Director and Info Trade Services. It was when real officials of the Info Trade Services came to know the whole matter that they clarified that the firm has no connection with the matter in any way They also clarified that there is no person in the name of Longjam Ajit who is said to be the proprietor of the private firm. Referring to another scam, the statement disclosed that though a staggering sum of Rs 1, 36, 49, 000 under 13th Finance Commission was sanctioned for construction of stack room to be constructed within 2009-12, the amount has not been utilized yet. Utilization certificate has not been also submitted till date. Director Dr K Shushila and Longjam Ajit should serve clarification on swindling of funds meant for welfare of the people within five days of time publicly, the statement cautioned.

http://kanglaonline.com/2015/04/maoist-alleges-director-of-art-culture-of-fund-misappropriation/

People’s War in India Clippings 12/4/2015

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Another Naxal attack: 17 vehicles torched at mining site in Kanker

A day after killing seven policemen in an ambush in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district, the Naxals on Sunday allegedly set ablaze at least 17 vehicles engaged in mining work in insurgency-hit Kanker district, police said. No one was hurt in the incident, they said. A group of armed Naxals raided the Barbaspur iron ore mining site under the limits of Korar police station and after threatening the labourers, they torched 17 vehicles engaged in mining work, Kanker Superintendent of Police Jitendera Singh Meena said.

After torching the vehicles, the Maoists fled into the forest, he said. On getting information about the incident, a police team was immediately rushed to the spot which found the vehicles, including trucks, mining machineries and JCB, burnt, he said. A search operation has been launched in the region to nab the ultras involved in the incident, the SP added. The extremists are reportedly opposing iron ore mining in the area being done by Neco Jayaswal Company.

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-another-naxal-attack-17-vehicles-torched-at-mining-site-in-kanker-2076855

Anti-Naxal ops: Forces in 10 states put on alert

Security forces operating in ten Naxal-affected states have been asked to maintain a high degree of “alert” in view of violent counter-offensive launched by the left wing extremists, which led to the killing of seven Chhattisgarh policemen on Saturday. Official sources said the Naxals had lauched their Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign (TCOC) in late March in these areas. The offensive has now been heralded with the first big attack on security forces as they killed seven STF policemen and injured about a dozen others in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh yesterday.

The TCOC is the about 3-4 months time period beginning March-April when armed Naxal cadres undertake special violent action against security forces and others to gain ground, re-group and strategise their plan of action before the onset of summer. “The forces were put on alert in March when the annual TCOC begins. But, with this major attack on forces in Chhattisgarh yesterday, the alert has been re-issued and reinforced to the forces,” sources in the security establishment said.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/anti-naxal-ops-forces-in-10-states-put-on-alert-115041200521_1.html

Teenage Red leader arrested in Gomia

BOKARO: District police on Saturday arrested a 19-year-old Maoist leader, Manoratnam Soren alias Tunna Soren, a member of the special area committee of red outfit, after conducting a raid near Koyataad Railway Crossing of Dumri Vihar, under Gomia police station. He used to work as a messenger for top leaders of the outfit across states. Police found Maoist literature and Rs 18, 300 cash from his possession. The cash recovered from him was collected as levy from the people of the area. SP Bokaro, A Vijaylaxmi said that Soren was a big catch as he was involved in many Maoist incidents in Gola, Hazaribag, Parasnath and Jamui. Soren has high contacts with the Maoists who are active in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and other regions.

He is closed to top Maoist leader, Ganapathy and other leaders. Sources said that Soren is also a member of technical cell of the outfit. He was carrying a confidential letter sent by Maoist commanders Anal Da and Kishan Da of Luggu Hill for Maoist leader Karan Da in Saranda, when the police caught him. SP said that the letter found from Soren was written in both Bengali and Hindi. Police got vital clues from him related to hideouts of Maoist leaders, but they refused to disclose that to media persons as it would affect their investigation. Sources said that the letter contains a message of a Maoist leader who had arrived in Bokaro area a couple of months ago. Soren, a resident of Chatro village of Pirtaad under Giridih district, revealed that he had participated in the meeting of Maoist leaders organized at Dandkara in Chattisgarh.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Teenage-Red-leader-arrested-in-Gomia/articleshow/46890916.cms

People’s War in India Clippings 11/4/2015

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Seven STF jawans killed, 11 injured in Maoist attack in Bastar

RAIPUR: Seven personnel of Special Task Force (STF) were killed and eleven others injured in an encounter with outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) rebels at a village near ​Chhattisgarh’s Bastar region on Saturday. Additonal director general of police (anti-Naxal operations) Rajinder Kuamr Vij said that the encounter took place at Pidmal village between Dornapal and Chintagufa when the rebels tried to attack the security personnel. The forces retaliated leading to a fierce encounter during which seven security personnel died and eleven others injured.

The gun-battle continued for more than an hour with the rebels who were believed to be in large numbers. STF’s commander Shankar Rao is among the dead. The injured personnel have been shifted to nearby hospitals and the critically injured are expected to be airlifted to state capital for further treatment. After lying low for sometime, there are indications that the Maoist rebels can step up violence in Bastar region during summer when they observe their tactical counter offensive campaign (TCOC).

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/Seven-STF-jawans-killed-11-injured-in-Maoist-attack-in-Bastar/articleshow/46888773.cms

Two Maoists arrested during search operation in Jharkhand

Two Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI Maoist) cadres, identified as Paw Pahan and Jogar Munda, were arrested by Security Force (SF) personnel during a search operation in the Sigma village under Arki Police Station in Khunti District on April 10, reports The Business Standard. One country-made pistol and nine live cartridges were recovered from their possession.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=4/11/2015&id=6#6

People’s War in India Clippings 10/4/2015

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Five Maoists arrested in Chhattisgarh

The Kanker District Police arrested five cadres of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) from the forest of Badrangi in Antagrah block the District on April 9, reports The Pioneer. A huge haul of arms and ammunition along with explosive substances were also recovered from their possession. The arrested Maoists were identified as Pinesh, Somaram, Dashrath, Maniram and Ramprasad. They are residents of village Badrangi. Police seized arms and ammunition, muzzle gun, two single barrel gun, three mobile batteries, LED connector wire, crackers, a 7-kg LED container, 500 gram lime stone, a plastic carry bag, pamphlets among other things from the arrested Maoists.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=4/10/2015&id=7#7

CRPF to trace Tadmetla attackers through Naxal videos

RAIPUR: Five years after the deadly Naxal strike at Tadmetla in Chhattisgarh in which 76 security personnel were killed, the CRPF has decided to trace the perpetrators by identifying them through videos released by the rebels following the attack. “We have decided to request the state police to consider videos released by Maoists after the Tademtla incident as an evidence and trace the cadres who are visible in the clippings after identifying them,”

http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/crpf-to-trace-tadmetla-attackers-through-naxal-videos/articleshow/46873862.cms

Cops escape landmine attack by Maoists in Bihar

Gaya: Several police personnel involved in anti-naxal operation had a narrow escape as two landmines, planted by Maoists, exploded few metres ahead of the patrol vehicle which was about to cross the site of the blast near Birnawan village in Bihar’s Gaya district, cops said on Friday. “The police personnel were moving across the area in a vehicle when Maoists triggered the landmines in quick succession,” Magadh Range Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Pradeep Shrivastava said. ”Luckily, the blasts happened a few metres ahead of the vehicle late last night without causing any harm to the security men,” Shrivastava added. Additional forces have been sent in the area, he said.

http://post.jagran.com/cops-escape-landmine-attack-by-maoists-in-bihar-1428660518

Naxal arrested in Telangana

Communist Party of India – Marxist Leninist (New Democracy) [CPI-ML (New Democracy)] Gundala area dalam (armed squad) ‘commander’ Dubbaka Ramaiah alias Jagganna (60), was arrested by the Police at Komararam in Yellendu mandal (administrative unit) in Khammam District on April 9, reports The Hindu. Jagganna hails from Samithi Singaram village in Manuguru mandal. He was involved in four criminal cases and an exchange of fire with the Police in the District.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=4/10/2015&id=10#10

Militant demo against police terrorism in Rio-Photos

 

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Via Nova Democracia 

People’s War in India Clippings 9/4/2015

Replicate Odish

Replicate Odisha’s Naxal Intel Model: MHA

BHUBANESWAR: With security forces tasting much-needed success against Left Wing Extremists (LWE) in the last few years, top intelligence officers of nine States converged at Bhubaneswar on Wednesday and shared strategies to gain further grounds against the ultras. While the focus was on strengthening intelligence network among the States which have been afflicted by the menace since decades and those which are facing the challenge only recently, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has given the advice to take a leaf out of Odisha’s book, at the national workshop on ‘LWE Intelligence Sharing’. States such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala, where the challenge of LWE is building up, were advised to replicate the Odisha model to make a dent in the growing Naxal base.

Top officials of the MHA pointed out that though Odisha followed Andhra Pradesh in its anti-Naxal strategies, the former has been able to make significant breakthrough in the last few years. The Special Intelligence Wing (SIW) of Odisha Police, modelled on AP’s Special Intelligence Bureau, has been crucial to the success achieved in the last three to four years, they said. Odisha officers delivered presentations on organisational structure of the SIW, infrastructure, communication equipment and manpower induction strategies since 2008-09 when the foundation was laid. Officers of Telengana and AP also shared their strategies on Naxal intelligence gathering. The meeting revealed that in the last five years in Odisha, more than 300 Maoists have returned to the fold of mainstream while violence has reported a sharp decline.

Between 2009 and 2011, the State saw as many as 377 cases of Naxal violence in which 109 civilians and 71 security men lost their lives. However, things began to change for better afterwards. Between 2012 and 2014, the State reported a total of 254 Maoist incidents which claimed lives of 66 civilians and 26 security personnel. In 2014, not a single police casualty was reported in Maoist incidence in the State. A senior officer said Odisha’s anti-Maoist strategy was mostly based on area-domination till last few years but operations based on actionable intelligence inputs were given more emphasis.

As a result, red rebels were not only neutralised in many hotbeds but frequent operations also nipped in the bud many new units which CPI (Maoist) was trying to build by fresh recruitments. The States, which participated in the meet, were Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Bihar apart from Odisha. Joint Secretary to MHA’s LWE Division Dilip Kumar, Security Advisor Sanjay Aggarwal, Director LWEO Anand Jain, Odisha DGP Sanjeev Marik, Intelligence Director Sunil Roy, Additional DG (Intelligence) AK Sarangi participated in the meeting. Later in the day, the officers visited SIW as well as the Special Operation Group Complex at Chandaka.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Replicate-Odishas-Naxal-Intel-Model-MHA/2015/04/09/article2755285.ece

Maoists threaten to kill BJD MLA in Odisha

Alleging that the Naveen Patnaik government is working for the interests of multinational companies like Sterlite instead of poor tribals, Maoists have threatened to kill BJD MLA from Lanjigarh and chairman and vice-chairman of local panchayat samiti. In a letter sent to mediapersons, Maoist leader Umakant of Basdhara-Ghumsur-Nagabali divisional committee alleged that the government was arresting people who are taking part in public agitations against bauxite mining in Rayagada and Kalahandi districts.

After gramsabhas in Niyamgiri hills of Kalahandi said no to bauxite mining by Sterlite, the government is planning to start a CRPF camp on Niyamgiri hilltop. “MLA of Lanjigarh Balabhadra Majhi and chairperson/vicechairperson of Biwanathpur panchayat samiti would be killed if they support government move,” the letter by Umakant said. After the expulsion of Maoist leader Sabyasachi Panda from the party in 2012 and subsequent arrest last year, the CPI (Maoist) is trying to make their presence felt in southern Odisha through press releases and threats.

Umakant now claims to be the secretary of Basadhara-Ghumusar-Nagavali divisional committee. “The government is more interested in arranging water and mines for companies like Hindalco in Kashipur and Vedanta in Lanjigarh. After coming to power, Orissa has gifted its mines and to hundreds of companies. With the money given by companies, the government is trying to buy the votes of poor people through sops such as Rs 1 a kg rice, cycle, umbrella, blankets and laptop,” the letter alleged.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/maoists-threaten-to-kill-bjd-mla-in-odisha/

CPN-Maoist intensifies merger talks with fellow leftist parties

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KATHMANDU, APR 09 – While its much talked about unification with the UCPN (Maoist) remains uncertain, the CPN-Maoist has intensified negotiations with other leftist forces in the country for merger. Leaders said the party has resumed dialogues with the Pari Thapa-led CPN (Unified) and CPN-Revolutionary. The CPN-Maoist had initially started talks for merger last year, but negotiations stalled following Secretary Netra Bikram Chand’s tussle with the party establishment and their eventual split. A party leader said the unification with CPN (United) is in its final stage. A high-level talks team comprising of top leaders from both the parties are in negotiation to sort out the issues delaying the unification.

“The negotiation process with some parties including CPN (United) is underway. The party plans to unite with all leftist and nationalist forces in the long run,” said CPN-Maoist spokesperson Pampha Bhusal. The CPN-Maoist has formed a committee of office bearers to hold talks with other parties. The committee constitutes of Chairman Mohan Baidya, Vice-chairman CP Gajurel, General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa and Secretary Dev Gurung. The party has set Marxism, Leninism, Maoism, new democracy, people’s revolt, people’s centralism and a working policy as the guiding principles for unification with other parties.

Unification talks with UCPN (Maoist), however, have made little progress though both the parties had formally announced to hold talks. Leaders said there are slim chances of merger between the two group before the promulgation of the new constitution. Six parties coming from the people’s war background—UCPN (Maoist), CPN-Maoist , Chand-led CPN Maoist, Matrika Yadav led CPN (Maoist), CPN (Unified) and CPN-Revolutionary—have nonetheless made a working alliance to protest against “majority politics” and the differences on the provision of the transitional justice.

http://www.ekantipur.com/2015/04/09/capital/cpn-maoist-intensifies-merger-talks-with-fellow-leftist-parties/403862.html