Joint Statement by three Revolutionary Maoist Parties-Nepal

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Sharpen the ideological struggle against the revisionists–the bourgeois.

(On Thursday, May 19, Three Maoist Parties–Nepal Communist Party (Revolutionary Maoist) led by Com. Mohan Baidhya ‘Kiran’, CPN Maoist led by Com. Netra Bikram Chanda ‘Biplav’ and Communist Nucleus Nepal , led by Hemant Prakash Oli ‘Sudarshan’ have published a joint statement regarding the so-called Maoist unity between UCPN(Maoist) and other small factions. One of them there is a faction led by Ram Bahadur Thapa ‘Badal’ that just split with the Maoist party led by Mohan Baidhya ‘Kiran”. This ‘new unified party’ named as ‘Nepal Communist Party Maoist Center’ has accepted pluralism, multi party system and the current reactionary constitution of Nepal.

It is a matter of surprise that these revisionists have declared themselves as the revolutionaries and their so-called Maoist center as the center of Nepalese Maoists. Not only this they have made Prachanda the renegade as their ringleader. In fact, it is not a party unity rather than it is a gathering of rightist opportunists, who have already lost revolutionary spirit, revolutionary ground and want to take part in the reactionary system. Indeed, they are trapped in a design, designed by the imperialist and expansionist forces. Just they are following the direction of their master.

Realizing the confusion produced by these revisionists the revolutionary three parties have made the situation clear through the Press statement. They have urged the revolutionary cadres and oppressed people not to be confused and stand firmly on the side of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and New Democratic Revolution. The revolutionary parties also have urge to wage ideological struggle against the revisionists. Here is the full text of the Press Statement.)

Joint Statement on so-called Maoist unification

Today in the leadership of UCPN Maoist, some opportunistic groups of so-called Maoists have made a noise and whimper of party unity-a polluted wind. This unity between the rightist groups has produced a lot of confusion among the oppressed people and it is also dangerous for the struggle of the national sovereignty, people’s livelihood , people’s democracy and revolutionary movement. It is not a party unity, but a liaison between the rightist groups and we must go ahead sharpening the ideological struggle against this liaison. In the light of Marxism-Leninism -Maoism, we are dedicated for the New Democratic Revolution and to move ahead in the way to Socialism and Communism. To achieve this goal, it is necessary for the polarization and unification between the true revolutionaries. Therefore we urge the revolutionary people, our well wishers, and true Communists, not to be confused on such false unity and the noise and polluted wind of so-called Maoist unification, and we specially urge to stand firmly on the side of Revolutionary Trend of Nepalese Communist Movement.

May,19, 2016

Kiran, (Chairman, Revolutionary Maoist)

Biplav, ( General Secretary, CPN Maoist)

Hemanta Prakash Oli, Sudarshan(Communist Nucleus, Nepal)

Via The Next Front

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People’s War in India Clippings 20/5/2016

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Maoists snatch walkie-talkies from Railway staff

Jamshedpur, May 20 (PTI) Suspected Maoists snatched walkie-talkies from railway personnel in Ghatsila sub-division of Jharkhand last night, police said today. Ghatsila Sub-Divisional Police officer Sanjeev Besra said the masked Maoists looted four walkie-talkies from the driver, assistant driver, coach guard and from the office of the assistant station master of Kokpara at around 10 PM soon after the train stopped at the station.

Besra, who rushed to the spot after receiving the information, said that the ultras assaulted the assistant station master before they looted a walkie-talkie from his office. He rejected claims that the driver M R Nikkar was abducted and released after some time. Kokpara is situated between Chakulia-Dalbhumgarh stations under Kharagpur division of South Eastern Railway in Naxal-affected Ghatsila sub-division. The train was stranded for about two hours before it left for its onward journey at around midnight, he said.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/7464197_Maoists-snatch-walkie-talkies-from-Railway-staff-

Three hardcore Maoists held

The Special Task Force (STF) has arrested three hardcore Maoists from a village in Bihar’s Nawada district, a police officer said today. Acting on a tip off, the STF sleuths raided Bhanekhaf village yesterday and nabbed three hardcore Maoists belonging to the proscribed outfit, CPI(Maoist), Rajauli police station in-charge Sanjeev Kumar Gupta said. Two of these ultras have been identified as Mansoor Mian and Vinod Manjhi, he said.

Gupta said that the trio were wanted in several cases of naxal violence, including arson at a camp office of a contrator in Gaya district three months ago. Meanwhile, the Special Task Force (STF) in a joint operation with the local police has arrested two more Maoists from Karnaul Chandi village under Charpokhri police station area in Bihar’s Bhojpur district, the DGP control room said in release.

The arrested Maoists have been identified as Ramkumar Ram and Ram Brajesh Paswan, it said adding, five weapons comprising a .303 rifle, .315 regular rifle and DBBL gun and two country-made pistols, besides eleven ammunition have been seized from them. Both ultras were wanted in over half a dozen cases of Maoist violence in the district, the release said. They duo was being interrogated at Chakpokhri police station to find out details of Maoist activities.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/three-hardcore-maoists-held-116052000484_1.html

Maoist informer arrested in Garhwa

Garhwa: Ranka police arrested a CPI (Maoist) informer from Joon village under Ranka police station area following a tip-off on Thursday. Police also seized arms and ammunition, including a country-made pistol and two cartridges. Ranka police station officer in-charge Narendra Kumar Sinha said Arun Kumar Singh, a resident of Joon village, was a supporter of Maoist area commander Bhanuji. Singh would convey information to Bhanu’s squad.
“Arun is being interrogated at Garhwa sub-jail,” said Sinha.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Maoist-informer-arrested-in-Garhwa/articleshow/52353282.cms

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Venezuela: general crisis and fury of the masses-A Nova Democracia

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The harsh living conditions of the masses in Venezuela are a tinderbox of popular revolt. The last few years are characterized by economic crisis in the semi-colonial and semi-feudal countries – who are called upon to pay the price of the crisis of the world imperialist system -further worsening the struggle between fractions of the big bourgeoisie for control of the state, currently under the hegemony of its bureaucratic fraction, which is for this reason assaulted by the comprador fraction unsatisfied with its subordinate position.

This struggle between factions is expressed in the form of political crisis. This, in turn, further aggravates the living situation of the broad masses, it paralyzes the whole state machine that manages the economy and public services, which the population supported with taxes it pays and which it needs and depends on to live. Of course, between the reactionary crossfire of these fractions of the bourgeoisie, those suffering are the workers, peasants and laborers in general, in addition to small and medium business owners.

ENERGY CRISIS AND FURY OF THE MASSES

In this context of crisis, the revolt of the masses gains breath. Protesting against power cuts that the Maduro regime is applying, sectors of the Venezuelan people took to the streets in a show of anger, rage and hatred of the old order that is imposed on them, ransacking shops and trucks, exercising justified violence even without the right direction or, as often happens, being manipulated by other groupings in this power struggle. It is clear and evident that the energy crisis was only the trigger: only the spark that acted on the powder keg.

Residents complained that power cuts go beyond four hours stipulated by the state, and thus, the riots spread to several cities on 27 April. In Maracaibo, Venezuela’s second largest city, protests were reported in seven of the eighteen districts, and about 72 shops were looted. In Lara state, several protests were also reported, especially what happened in the city of Barquisimeto (370 km west of Caracas), where tires were burned in protest. several demonstrations also took place in other cities like Caracas, Maracay, Valencia, Cagua, El Limón and El Castaño.

WHO DARES DEFEND OPPORTUNISM?

It is a scientific fact that opportunism in the leadership of the old state bring out all the contradictions, interests and struggles of the local ruling classes who lead and posses that state. The “Bolivarian” opportunism of Hugo Chavez as the solution for Latin America, full of brazen ideological eclecticism and corporatization of the masses, became the best possible solution for imperialism and internal reaction to divert the just revolt of the Venezuelan masses from the genuine revolutionary path to a bureaucratic path on the field of counter-revolution.

The vast Venezuelan masses, since that time (the 1990s), were thirsting for a guide which can indicate the path of uninterrupted Democratic Revolution towards Socialism, and this guide could only be and can only be the Revolutionary Proletarian Party. For lack of this guide, the masses were swept away by the bombastic speech of Chavez and his “Bolivarianism” but his own practice came to demonstrate who opportunism serves.

Via A Nova Democracia

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Updates on Political Prisoners in West Bengal

Maoist leader produced in Kolkata court

Gour Chakraborty

May 19 2016

Great injustice has been caused to Maoist political prisoner Gour Chakraborty (78) lodged in a West Bengal jail since 2009. He got bail on all cases against him except one at Bankshall Court, Kolkata. Hearing of that case was also finished ages ago. The judge declared date to give her verdict. Everybody was ready and curious to hear the verdict as it was the first UAPA case in the state. It was much before the election date was declared. But much water flowed through the Ganga after that. The day of verdict never came.

The judge announced date after date through months to pronounce the verdict. But finally she left Bankshall Court without giving the verdict on Gour Chakraborty’s case, whose hearing was completed. She left as she has been transferred to some other court. Now, a new judge has taken charge of the case and said she has to hear the case afresh. Two dates have passed. She heard the case afresh. A third date has been fixed. No one can say how many dates she will take to give the judgement. A deep sense of frustration now pervades all the political prisoners including Gour Chakraborty.
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Arnab Dam (Bikram)

On May 14, starting from 6 am, Maoist political prisoner Arnab Dam (Bikram) has gone on a hunger strike in Presidency Jail. Arnab had petitioned the jail authority to learn computers while in prison. He was turned down, despite the fact that regular prisoners are trained in computers in jail. The jail authority is unwilling to follow the directives of the Medinipur Court in this case. Arnab is demanding that like other prisoners, he too has to be given the opportunity of learning computers.
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Chhatradhar Mahato and others

May 9, 2016
Kolkata High Court has refused to give back Political Prisoner status to CHATRADHAR MAHATO & others. Earlier, Kolkata High Court had granted them Political Prisoner status when they were under-trial prisoners. Now they are refused on the ground that their status has been changed to “Convict” and respective law has been changed by Mamata Banerjee Government.

One year has passed since Chatradhar Mahato & five other popular activists Raja, Prasun, Sukhsanti & Sambhu were convicted with life imprisonment by a trial court of Medinipur. It was decided by all mass organisations & activists jointly to fight the case at High Court. Accordingly an appeal petition has been filed in Kolkata High Court within stipulated date. The court accepted the appeal & asked the government to file affidavit in opposition. Subsequently bail petitions were also filed for all the convicts.
That’s all.

Not a single hearing has happened yet. Reason? Not known. In the meantime Chatradhar, Raja, Prasun, Sukhsanti & Sambhu Soren have completed one year of their life term as convicts and seven years of jail in total. Their political prisoner status has also been snatched. No ray of hope in sight. Kolkata High Court will soon be closed for summer vacation.

Via Sanhati

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People’s War in India Clippings 19/5/2016

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Maoist leader Kobad Ghandy produced in local court

Maoist leader Kobad Ghandy, who was booked by the Patiala police in 2012 for allegedly delivering a lecture promoting the Maoist ideology at Punjabi University, Patiala, under a fake identity, was produced before a local court today. The next hearing in the case is scheduled for May 27. An FIR was registered against 66-year-old Ghandy and another person, Manoj, alias Rajesh, at the sadar police station, Patiala, under Sections 10, 13, 18 & 20 of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act and Sections 419 and 120-B of the IPC in the case.

Ghandy, a politburo member of the banned CPI (Maoist), was arrested in September, 2009, in Delhi following a joint operation by intelligence agencies and the police. Since then he is behind bars. Later, his bail plea was rejected by the Punjab and Haryana High Court. Ghandy had pleaded innocence on the grounds that he was booked by the police for promoting the Maoist ideology at Punjabi University in April 2009 but at that time the CPI (Maoist) was not banned. The CPI (Maoist) was banned on June 22, 2009, he argued.

http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/chandigarh/courts/maoist-leader-kobad-ghandy-produced-in-local-court/239483.html

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Attack on railway station in Jamshedpur.

http://naidunia.jagran.com/national-naxal-attack-and-train-hijack-in-jamshedpur-railway-station-jharkhand-743318

Latehar cops raid Red hideout

Latehar police found a large consignment of ammunition from a CPI (Maoist) hideout in Sasang jungle on Wednesday. DIG Saket Kumar Singh said a joint team of police and CRPF found live rounds totalling 701 of AK-47, 80 rounds of 9 mm weapon 02 (two) walkie talkies, 22 naxal caps with belt, one black uniform, one electric motor, naxal literature and two computer keyboards. Security personnel raided the hideout based on a tip-off. Singh said after the setting up of a forward security post at Serendaag under the orders of DGP D K Pandey, villagers have developed confidence in security forces.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Latehar-cops-raid-Red-hideout/articleshow/52335379.cms

Naxal flees with AK-47 rifle from police station in Chhattisgarh

A suspected Naxal, who had come to Basaguda Police Station in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-affected Bijapur district to surrender, has managed to flee with an AK-47 assault rifle, police said. “The accused, who identified himself as Maoists’ small action team member Madkam Deva (23), a resident of Budgicheru under Basaguda Police Station limits, gave a slip to the cops on duty last night when they were busy verifying his credentials and criminal records to initiate his surrender process,” Superintendent of Police KL Dhruv told UNI. A massive search and combing operation has been launched in Basaguda and its neighbouring police station areas since last night to nab the accused, who is found to have no criminal record with Basaguda police station.

http://news.webindia123.com/news/Articles/India/20160519/2863814.html

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Black Liberation Army Communique-November 5 1981

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“There is and always will be, until every Blackman, woman and child is FREE, a Black Liberation Army.”

Assata Shakur

ISSUED: NOVEMBER 5, 1981

ON OCTOBER 20th, 1981, under the leadership of the Black Liberation Army, Black Freedom Fighters, and North American Anti-Imperialists, all members of the Revolutionary Armed Task Force, attempted an act of expropriation of $1.6 million from an armored Brinks truck. Brother Sekou Odinga, our comrade who was captured in Queens, was not involved in the Brinks incident. Sister Fulani Sunni-Ali, Chairperson of the Peoples Center Council of the Republic of New Afrika, was not involved in the Brinks incident in any fashion, and is not a member of the Black Liberation Army. Eve Rosahn was not involved in the Brinks incident, nor is she a member of the Revolutionary Armed Task Force.

Although there have been historical differences between Black Revolutionary Freedom Fighters and North American Anti-Imperialists, there were overriding events that called for this significant alliance. These events were:

1. The killing of Black men in Buffalo.

2. The collaboration of the Ku Klux Klan and the Federal Bureau of Investigation in North Carolina, and the subsequent disclosure of Bill Wilkinson as an FBI informant.

3. Fourteen unsolved murders of Black women in Boston.

4. The on-going murders of children in Georgia.

5. The shooting of four Black women in Alabama.

6. The stabbing deaths of Black men in New York City.

7. The use of KKK, Police and the United States Army as mercenaries in the Dominica invasion.

8. The KKK use of the Department of Parks for its war re-enactment of para-military training. This is a clear indication of government support for right wing fascist military training.

9. The government assassination of Black activist Yulanda Ward in Washington, D.C.

10. The consistent use of mercenary forces in putting down the Miami Rebellion.

BASED UPON AN evaluation of these events, a decentralized intelligence strategy was embarked upon by the revolutionary forces to determine the capability to separate rhetoric from real military action, especially concerning the capability of vigilante armies, and armies outside the United States military complex, that can implement urban terror on the Black and Third World population, and to assess the McCarthy-like period we are in—and to devise a response.

An intensive two year investigation was embarked upon which had people who were living underground for years, non-active in the military,reactivated and assigned to infiltrate and assess the major fascist organizations. This investigation led them to the Klan in Connecticut and North Carolina to determine FBI and local police complicity. It led them to the so-called Christian community to determine their military preparedness in their drive for survival. It led them to investigate the international fascist network in North America and its tentacles into the Caribbean, citing the assassination of Walter Rodney and their complicity in toppling the Manley government in Jamaica

FACTS STEMMING FROM THIS INTELLIGENCE ARE:

1. That the Black population in North America is the number one focus of all the above organizations, e.g., illustrated in their fliers, and their targets used for shooting practice.

2. The law enforcement agencies, from the local police, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Secret Service, and Central Intelligence Agency,have directly,through their alumni or various associations outside their own structures, used federal money, taken from the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration budget, to participate in said organizations, through lending their expertise and financial backing, and use of classified information on their enemies.

3. Members of the ruling class have been used to back these organizations. John Connally financed the mercenary plot against Dominica. H. Ross Perot financed the failed Iran hostage rescue. The Hunt family finances North Carolina Klan activity through the sale of South African Krugerrands.

4. A mass propaganda program on white America to build an hysteria against communism and crime to perpetuate vigilantism, to cover the fascist approach to genocide by these white people, and to cover up the specific programs of the above forces. To move for more tolerance on the part of white America to accept and participate in this situation.

5. The government anti-terrorist force is formulated under the same ideology as the civilian, so-called race terror forces. Richard M. Nixon and his staff in the FBI and Justice Department are the government’s originators of said program.

Reaganomics is used to force the survival of the Black and Third World population to a situation where the apartheid system will be the norm in urban communities. And to put blue and white collar workers into law enforcement related situations, thereby having control over the system as a whole.

THE REVOLUTIONARY ARMED TASK FORCE assesed that the time to respond was NOW. It could no onger be a wait-and-see program. The normal process of watchdog committees, that generally halted these conspiracies, such as the NAACP, the Urban League, and Klan Watch, have been ineffective in exposing the true nature of the crisis.

The fact that the Black Liberation Army had interwoven into the fiber of the Black community clandestinely allowed the Army to have a finger on the pulse of the Black Community as well as the Anti-imperialist movement. The left movement has emphasized its work against the pro-nuclear forces and works within the bourgeois framework. They are unprepared to understand the fact that they have been targeted and are therefore incapable of responding. The lack of response by progressive people to the Moral Majority has allowed for a right wing backlash against all women. On the other hand, the Black Community responded to the propaganda and conditions by resisting at the basic level of survival. The astronomical amount of law enforcement films, the blatant average American racist disrespect of Black people, and the conditions illustrated from talk shows and editorials, to the passive wait-and-see attitude toward the effects of Reaganomics on Black people and poor people, illustrated to us that the time to respond and to stop the flow of fascist racist repression is now and in this period

ONE CLEAR FACT is that all the racist organizations are well financed. Different from the 1960s and early 70s, when Black people offered their money, checks and funds to enhance the public resistance to racism, cutbacks and loss of jobs have eliminated monies available to
Black people. Black people have no control over their communities. Jobs do not exist, welfare lines are longer. The money to feed the handicapped, the aged, and the unemployed all have been cut. The lack of respect for the elders in the Black community and the low level of nationalist programs have led our youth to respond to the programs of oppression and their insecurities as human beings by inflicting petty vicious crimes internally. We oppose such crimes, and since we understand the conditions that create these situations, the Revolutionary Armed Task Force decided that:

1. The masses in the urban areas must develop people’s self-defese units to defend themselves NOW!

2. Programs are needed to set positive revolutionary examples for our youth, and must be developed in practice and in theory NOW!

3. The urgency to accumulate millions of dollars under the political control of the most advanced revolutionary elements for the use of various types of programs in the communities, from cultural, child care, to health care, must be secured NOW!

4. There will be no BLACK HOLOCAUST. It will be the motivation and determination of the combatants in the field to prevent such an occurrance. Therefore we say

THE COMRADES WHO are in jail are not criminals. They are Prisoners of War, and they are HEROES. They are heroes struggling against RACISM, FASCISM, AND IMPERIALISM. The Black combatants follow in the tradition of Denmark Vesey, Nat Turner, Mark Essex, Ahmed Evans, Harriet Tubman, Twyman Myers and all those who have stopped the flow of uncontested violence and repression against the Black community. The white combatants follow in the tradition of John Brown, who organized masses of white people to fight against slavery and repression.

Even though this particular military battle failed, the goals should always set the example for our youth and true revolutionaries. To set the record straight, WE HAVE NEVER SHOT OR KILLED ANYONE WITH THEIR HANDS IN THE AIR SURRENDERING. We have not kicked in doors with guns in hand to murder sleeping people.

Even though we know where many children and families of the law enforcement agencies live we have never charged the wife for the crime of the husband nor attacked innocent children.

—We charge the Black community to relinquish their fear of the enemy and to stop robbing each other, and to go to the fascist multi-national corporations where the risk is the same and the act more political.

—We charge the intellectual aspects of the Black community to come forward and clearly identify this era of Black Resistance to imperialism and colonialism and interpret the current events to the Black community.

—We charge the artists to create a clear presentation of our conditions wherever they can.

—We charge the Black and progressive press to do the investigation of our intelligence reports to celebrate the factual information from our heroes. To speak to the Geneva Accords in relation to our Prisoners of War.

—To all conscious Black and Third World people: remain diligent. If you don’t intend to fight, don’t be afraid to speak and resist.

—To our comrades in Azania/South Africa, who we have aided politically, economically, and militarily, our continued support is assured.

We send our solidarity to all members of the Revolutionary Armed Task Force.

THE BODY AND MIND OF MTAYARI SHABAKA SUNDIATA (s/n Samuel Smith) WILL NOT BE LAID TO REST IN VAIN. WE WILL CONTINUE IN HIS SPIRIT AND DISCIPLINE TO CARRY OUT HIS RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE INTEREST OF THE COLLECTIVE AND HIS PEOPLE.

WE MUST HAVE A NATION!
WE MUST HAVE AN ARMY!!
THERE WILL BE NO BLACK HOLOCAUST!!!

“Where is the Blackman’s Army”
—Marcus Garvey

“Our backs are against the wall. Now more than ever we need an army to defend ourselves and fight for our liberation.”
—Assata Shakur

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People’s War in India Clippings 18/5/2016

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Withdraw paramilitary forces from Niyamgiri: NCHRO

BHUBANESWAR: The National Confederation of Human Rights Organisations (NCHRO) has demanded withdrawal of all paramilitary forces from the Niyamgiri hill areas in order to ensure safety of the local Adivasi population. NCHRO has made the demand in a report prepared by an all India fact finding team that it had formed to inquire into the atrocities committed by the police and armed forces stationed in Kalahandi and Rayagada districts of Odisha.

The fact finding team comprised Amarx Marx, chairperson of NCHRO, Reny Ayline, national secretary of NCHRO, Narendra Mohanty, national executive member of NCHRO, A. Momen Halder from West Bengal unit of NCHRO, and Abdul Hannan, student activist from Jharkhand. The team prepared its report after visiting a number of tribal villages and met the people affected by alleged State atrocities. It also met some social and tribal activists of Odisha. The team also spoke with the Superintendants of Police of Rayagada and Kalahandi districts and the Sub-Inspector of Lanjigarh police station. They demanded that a case of kidnapping of Baka Majhi of Nachiniguda village should be registered either by the Lanjigarh or Bijepur police. The Kalahandi district police administration should form a special squad to find the whereabouts of Baka Mahji.

http://odishachannel.com/index.php/6266/withdraw-paramilitary-forces-from-niyamgiri-nchro/

Six Maoists arrested

Kakinada: Six Maoists, including a dalam member and a militia commander of the Sabari area committee were arrested by the East Godavari police on Tuesday. The arrested were identified as active Dalam member Madakam Mada (19), militia commander Sode Pojjaiah (25), militia members Sode Idamaiah (35) of Ramchadra Cheruvu in Kunavaram mandal, Mdakam Lalitha (20) of Lankapalli in Chinturu mandal, Kovasi Adumaih (19) and Kunjam Kossaih (19) of Gollaguppa in Etapaka mandal.

While police showed the arrests as on Tuesday, sources said it had actually taken place four days ago. Addressing the media here on Tuesday, East Godavari SP M Ravi Prakash said that all the arrested persons were actively involved in Naxal activities. “Most of these Maoists belong to the Guttikoya community. Madakam Mada joined the Sabari area committee in July last year under commander Nagesh and was trained in Dabbapadu village in Chhattisgarh. He had participated in various offences in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh and has a reward of Rs 1 lakh on his head,” he said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Six-Maoists-arrested/articleshow/52317765.cms

DRG jawan injured in skirmish with Naxals

A District Reserve Group (DRG) jawan was today injured in a gun-fight with Maoists in the dense forests of Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district, police said. The skirmish took place during the wee hours in the forests of Munga village when a squad of the state’s DRG forces was carrying out an anti-Naxal operation in the region, located around 450 kms away from here, they said.

“Constable Gopal Rotel sustained injuries on his leg in the gun-fight following which he was airlifted to Jagdalpur for treatment this morning,” Jagdalpur City Superintendent of Police (CSP) Deepmala Kashyap said.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/drg-jawan-injured-in-skirmish-with-naxals-116051801175_1.html

3 Naxal ‘supporters’ held after murder of abducted villager

BHOPAL : The Balaghat Police arrested three supporters of Naxalites in connection with kidnapping two innocent villagers and killing one of them, under Malajkhand police station on Tuesday. Police have also seized Naxal literature, weaponry support devices and two diaries from them. The diaries revealed various names of many influential people who support the Naxalite movement. The IG of Balaghat range, DC Sagar informed Free Press that the two slain victims, identified as Rajkumar Dhurve and Surendra, residents of Limoti village under Malajkhand police station, were kidnapped by four Naxalits in a group of 30 to 40 others who stormed the village on April15.

One of the victims, Surendra was killed by the Naxalites and his body was recovered on April 17 and another one Rajkumar managed to escape from the Naxalites’ clutches. Police have also arrested three supporters of Naxalites, identified as Mansharam Dhurve, Ghanshyam Markam and his wife Savni Markam, all residents of village Jaungla Chowki Pathri, in this connection on May 16.

http://www.freepressjournal.in/3-naxal-supporters-held-after-murder-of-abducted-villager/851489

Balrampur police arrest Maoist carrying Rs 1L reward on his head

BILASPUR: Balrampur police on Wednesday arrested a Maoist, who was carrying a reward of Rs 1 lakh on his head. The arrested Maoist has been identified as Sujit Kumar Nage alias Shivlal alias Golimar alias Rajkumar. A country made long but 315 bore rifle, seven live cartridges of 315 bore and 14 live cartridges of 12 bore have been confiscated from his possession. Speaking to TOI SP Balrampur Sadanand Kumar informed that the accused is the last member of Bokha Prajapati gang of Naxalites. Bokha Prajapati had surrendered before Balrampur police in November 2015.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/Balrampur-police-arrest-Maoist-carrying-Rs-1L-reward-on-his-head/articleshow/52329296.cms

Three ultras held in Chhattisgarh

Three naxals were arrested during a search operation by security forces in insurgency-hit Sukma district, police said today. “A joint team ofCentral Reserve Police Force’s (CRPF’s) 230thbattalion and district police rounded up the cadres whileundertaking the search operation in the interior forests under Gadiras police station area last evening,”Additional Superintendent of Police, Sukma, Santosh Singh told PTI.

Security forces spotted the trio while cordoning off Gondpalli and Korra village forests and caught them before they could escape into deep jungles, he said. They are identified as Rawa Joga (25), Banjam Budra (22) and Sodhi Hunga (35) who were active as the members of ‘Dandakaranya Adivasi Kisan Majdoor Sangh (DAKMS)’- a front wing of the outlawed CPI (Maoist). They were allegedly involved in looting the polling materials from Etapal polling booth of the region during last year Panchayat elections and in other incidents of criminal offences, the ASP added.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/three-ultras-held-in-chhattisgarh-116051801229_1.html

Jharkhand to strike off some jungle gangs from list of Maoist groups

Jharkhand will strike off several armed groups from the official list of Maoist organisations and declare them rogues, chief minister Raghubar Das said on Wednesday, unveiling plans to tackle rag-tag outfits involved in extortion, abductions and killings..

http://www.hindustantimes.com/ranchi/jharkhand-to-strike-off-some-jungle-gangs-from-list-of-maoist-groups/story-iq9XtV1RVwDkujZ8LzEjpL.html

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The Party Organization — 1: The Group and its Functions.-July 1920

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This series of articles is published in order to familiarize the party members with the new form of organization and the work that each unit of the party is expected to perform. Every party group should have this and the succeeding articles read at its meeting and then thoroughly discuss the suggestions made. These articles do not pretend to cover all the methods of work of the various units of the party. Their purpose is to stimulate discussion and thus bring into the service of the party all the ideas which members of the groups may have to offer. If group discussions of these questions develop important suggestions not covered by the articles, the members are urged to put them in writing and forward them through the regular party channels for publication.

The basic unit of the United Communist Party is a group consisting of approximately 10 members, and wherever possible, not less than 5 members. Groups may be made up of members living in the same territory and of members speaking the same language, as is largely the case in the party at the present time. It will be a prime objective of the party as quickly as possible to develop groups made up of workers in the same shops or members of the same unions, or any other working class organization.

The party does not limit its groups to industrial and territorial groups, but will seek to build up groups of party members in every form that is feasible. There is only one test as to the value of the group to the party, and that is: is it able to function as a propaganda and organizing unit of the party?

While the basis of association of members in groups will be as varied as the relations in which men are thrown in capitalist society, the most important units of the party will be the shop groups. It is in the shops that the workers come in direct conflict with capitalist exploitation and oppression. It is in the shops that the tendency toward united action by the workers is strongest. It is through mass action developing out of the shops that capitalism will be finally overthrown. The United Communist Party must be in a position to carry on its propaganda in the shops and through the groups of members in the various factories. It must direct and guide the action of the workers there.

How to Develop Shop Units.

The task of completely transforming the present party organization, made up almost entirely of territorial and language groups, into shop groups offers serious difficulties and might also temporarily weaken the organization. It will be much more desirable to leave these groups intact for the present and to use them to develop shop groups on a larger scale than would be possible by reorganizing the present membership as shop groups.

Each member of a territorial or language group should, therefore, take up active work to develop an industrial group. He should secure the party publications, such as The Communist, which will be published in all languages; The Voice of Labor, which is particularly adapted for shop agitation; and the party leaflets, which will be issued at short intervals as quickly as the machinery for distribution is arranged, and distribute these among the workers at the place of employment. This work of distribution must be done in such a way as not to expose the distributor.

Only after he is sufficiently acquainted with his fellow workers to know which can be trusted not to denounce him to the management, should the distributor give literature quietly to fellow employees. Leaflets and other free literature can be left in such places where these will reach the workers. Such leaflets will arouse discussion and the party worker can through these discussions single out those who are interested and trustworthy. As such persons are singled out they can be supplied with party papers and pamphlets. The party worker should not acknowledge his membership in the party in doing this work.

A similar propaganda should be carried on in the unions. Party members who are members of unions should distribute literature at the union meeting in such a way that the identity of the distributor cannot be established. When these leaflets arouse interest and safe individuals can be picked out, they should be followed up with papers and pamphlets.

When 2 or more party members are employed in the same place or are members of the same union, they should constitute themselves a committee for the conduct of propaganda in that shop or union. As new members are found in the shops or unions, they should be added to the existing committee or constitute a committee together with the original party worker, and as these committees increase to at least 5 members, they will constitute industrial groups of the party.

Study Class Work.

Every group of the party should immediately constitute itself a study class and should hold regular meetings for the study of Communist principles. This is one of the most important functions of the present party groups. The party will become strong only as the party members are thoroughly grounded in Communist principles. It will develop workers only as this work of Communist education within the party proceeds. The Educational Committee of the party will as quickly as possible develop a course of study.

Until such time as this course is available the party program should be taken up section by section, discussed and criticized. Articles in the party papers discussing party principles and tactics, and party pamphlets dealing with the same questions, should also be used for the purpose of study and discussion. Each group has among its members one person who is capable of taking the lead in this study class work and he should be elected to lead the class.

Admission of New Members.

Every applicant for membership in the party must be recommended by 2 members. No application card is required, but the applicant must have read the Program and Constitution of the party before his application can be considered. When the name of an applicant is proposed and he is recommended by 2 members, the group shall consider the application without the applicant being present. Acceptance must be by unanimous vote.

The applicant is then placed on probation for two months. During this period he will be assigned to a recruiting group if such a group exists. If there is no recruiting group he should be permitted to attend meetings of the regular group for study purposes, but until full confidence is established he must be excluded from those meetings at which the organization plans are discussed. At the end of the 2 months the group will make final disposition of the application.

Party Administration.

The members of the groups should familiarize themselves with the organization problems of the party and discuss the policies determined upon by the Central Executive Committee. It is the right and the duty of every group member to discuss any act of the party administration and to send resolutions containing suggestions, criticism, and commendation.

The group should also concern itself with the organization and propaganda work in its territory and make recommendations to the group organizers who constitute the Branch Committee and through them to the Sub-District and District Committee.

Activity.

The party constitution expressly provides that only such persons who are willing to participate actively in the party work shall be accepted as members of the party. Every members should be active as a party propagandist, active in the study class work of his group, active in the party administration. It is only by mobilizing for its work the ability and energy of all its membership that the party will become a powerful factor in the class struggle of this country.

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Letter from Kishenji to his Mother

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Tuesday 17 May 2016

The following is a letter written by Kishenji, a former Central Committee of the CPI (Maoist), who was killed in a so-called encounter in West Bengal in November 2011. (His full name was Mallojula Koteswara Rao.) The letter was written before his death. It has been translated from the original Telugu by Anishetty Shankar and sent to us from Nizamabad, Telangana for publication in this journal on the occasion of Mother’s Day on May 8, 2016.

Mother!

Are you well ?

People are protecting forest brothers and forest sisters amidst state repression and combing operations by the security forces. Repressive measures of the government are on the increase when people’s movements are on the rise. Everything is fine here. You might have observed the students at Hyderabad! Telangana is not announced despite the continuous struggles of students of Osmania University and Kakatiya University, various political parties and sacrifices and suicides of the youth for decades. We extend support for a separate Telangana. But more than that for a democratic Telangana, democratic Dandakaranya and democratic Lalgarh. We are fighting for even a separate Gurkhaland. Any struggle lasts until the aspiration for a separate State is successful. All political parties are playing gimmicks on the Telangana issue. But, from the beginning, we are demanding and fighting for a separate Telangana—that too for a democratic Telangana! To divert the issue, there are group clashes in the Congress party and under the leadership of former Chief Minister of the State Rosaiah, they are distributing free rice in all areas. All these won’t stop the people’s aspirations for separate Telangana. To divert the issue, they are making ‘hangama’ by declaring four per cent reservations for Muslims. For their survival the Congress, BJP and RDP—all are sailing in the same boat.

This time the Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, and the Police Minister, Chidambaram, responded positively for a separate Telangana keeping in view the ferocious resistance put up by students of the OU and KU. However, no attempt to fulfil the promise is made. We supported Telangana as part of our fight for rights. The government, showing our support to the cause, wants to crush the movernent. As at Lalgarh, additional forces were deployed at the OU. People know who the Maoists support. It is the humble duty of the movement to protect Hyderabad, people’s history, Muslims, Hindus, Adivasis and the downtrodden from the clutches of the rulers. Democratising Telangana and working for a Federal lndia is the sole aim of the Maoists.

The state declared war on us. The movement is progressing with the agenda of—‘Land to the down-trodden, land to the tribals‘. The Manmohan Singhs, Naveen Patnaiks, Chidambarams allot thousands of acres of land to the Jindals, Posco, Tatas in Odisha, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. When forty thousand acres of land was to be given to the multinationals, people are taking up various types of struggles and even readying to shed their blood for land. We are with those people! You might be aware that people’s war is going on under our leadership to protect the rights of tribals.

Mother!

On behalf of lakhs of mothers like you, we are fighting against deception and cheats that are prevalent in the tribal areas. ln plain areas our natural brinjals are disappearing and B’T’ brinjals are coming up to replace them. As we are opposing it, Green Hunt Operations are launched against us. The government is misleading the media that I along with some other comrades was killed in an encounter on March 25-26. Me and all other comrades are safe. The people are protecting us, keeping their eyes on us.

Mother!

Don’t weep.

Not only you alone. Oh! crores of mothers of lndia!

We are safe and well. Your sons are all in the great batile. lf we win this battle, there will be great sunrise—cool breeze, a great and new environment with no oppression and no repression. Recently Arundhati Roy visited Dandakaranya of Chhattisgarh, met many of your forest sons and wrote about them to let the outer world know of them. lf you wish to know our aim, mother, read it.

Mother!

I remain,

Red Salutes. Red Salutes,

I remain. I’ll write whenever I get the chance.

Yours,

Koti on beharf of Venu, Maina, Raji Reddy and thousands of sons.

Via Mainstream

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People’s War in India Clippings 17/5/2016

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Govt convenes meet on Naxal violence on May 24

New Delhi, May 17 (PTI) As Naxal violence continued unabated, the Centre has conveyed a meeting of top civil and police officers of 10 Maoist-hit states on May 24 to discuss the security situation in the affected areas. Home Minister Rajnath Singh will chair the day-long meeting and Chief Secretaries and DGPs of Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh will attend it. The meeting will review the situation in the Maoist-hit states and deliberate on how to make the ongoing anti-Naxal operations more successful, a Home Ministry official said.

While 106 districts in the 10 states are affected by Maoist activities in varying degrees, 35 districts in seven states are the most affected.
The official said the security forces have achieved greater success in tackling the Maoists in recent times and there was 30 per cent decline of Naxal violence this year. Altogether, 76 Naxal cadres were killed between January and April this year in comparison to 15 killed in the corresponding period of 2015. As many as 665 Maoists were arrested and 639 surrendered in the first four months of 2016 and 435 Naxal were arrested and 134 others surrendered in the corresponding period of 2015. Maoist violence saw 226 deaths in 1,088 incidents of violence perpetrated by the rebels in entire 2015. In 2015, of the 226 deaths, 168 were civilians and 58 were security personnel. As many as 89 Maoists were also killed and 1,668 were arrested and 570 cadres surrendered before authorities during the year.

According to a recent Parliamentary Standing Committee report, Naxal activities continue to be a matter of concern with 35 districts in seven states being badly-hit. “Left Wing Extremism (LWE) remains an area of concern for internal security of the country. “CPI (Maoist) continues to be the most potent among the various LWE outfits in the country and accounts for more than 80 per cent of total LWE violence incidents and resultant deaths,” the report said.

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/govt-convenes-meet-on-naxal-violence-on-may-24/1/670599.html

…Helipads apart, home secretary Pandey said there were 13 focus areas in the state where security and development initiatives were being pursued simultaneously. These include Banalat (Gumla), Pesrar (Lohardaga), Saryu (Palamau), Manatu (Palamau), Jhumra (Bokaro) and Parasnath (Giridih).

“We have plans to set up Parasnath, one of the most sacred places of worship for Jains, as an international tourist hub. We will construct PCC roads to the top of the hill known as Sammed Sikhar, where Jains across the country visit, while we would also see if there is a need to built a helipad here in future,” Pandey said. Pradhan said 2016 had been a very successful year for the state police in recovering rebel arms dumps in various areas, including the Koel-Shankh zone, in areas in and around Palamau, which Maoists call a part of their Bihar Regional Committee.

“The only big incident of police casualty by Maoists happened in Palamau this year in January, where seven policemen were killed in an IED explosion,” Pradhan said. “But, no police arms could be looted by the Maoists.” So far in 2016, police claimed to have arrested 22 top rebels and 150 other members and supporters. They have launched as many as 430 special anti-rebel operations during which 338 long-range patrolling ventures led to the recovery of eight pieces of arms looted by rebels, five guns, 99 countrymade pistols and rifles, 1,721 detonators, 95 landmines/improvised explosive devices/claymores and 2,101.5kg of explosives.

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1160517/jsp/frontpage/story_86058.jsp#.VztYVpJTW1E

Hindustan Times notes police supported counter-insurgency movement in Jharkhand

..Impressed by the initiative, the Jharkhand government and security forces are reportedly lending their support to the leaders of the movement. The authorities are happy that the villagers have found a way to alleviate the Maoist situation without resorting to vigilantism. Past initiatives by the police to raise armed groups for combating the Maoist movement met with little success. “People are fed up with Maoists, and are coming out against them openly. The massive public outrage vindicates our claims that the rebels have lost their foothold in the state,” director general of police DK Pandey said, hailing propagators of the Ulgulan movement for their courage and conviction. No police assistance was provided for holding the shanti sabhas, he added.

Munda gave credence to the DGP’s observation at a gathering in Tilma village on April 10. Dressed in a lungi and vest, he told the villagers before him: “For once, we have realised that united we stand and divided we fall. The Maoists made our lives hell, and we have finally run out of patience.” However, the shanti sabhas have evoked suspicion in certain human rights groups in the area. “The Maoists, unlike militant organisations like the People’s Liberation Front of India, are considered pro-people. One wonders what has given rise to campaigns like these,” said People’s Union for Civil Liberties general secretary Shashi Bhushan Pathak.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/jharkhand-villagers-return-maoist-fire-with-ulgulan-movement/story-IoD1Rilcky0nKO2JRpxEkO.html

Naxal bandh in East Division evokes partial response

Visakhapatnam: The bandh called by the Maoists in the East Division on Monday passed of peacefully and evoked a partial response. The strike was called in protest against the alleged fake encounter by the security forces at Marripakalu in Koyyuru mandal in Visakha Agency on May 4 in which three Maoists including Galikonda area committee secretary VRL Gopal alias Azad were killed.

Shops and other commercial establishments remained close in GK Veedhi mandal and some interior parts of other mandals. Buses and private vehicle operators also suspended services to the mandal but both public and private transport vehicles operated in Chintapalli, Paderu, G Madugula, Pedabayalu and Munchingput mandals.

Meanwhile, Maoist leaflets on alleged atrocities by security forces surfaced at RV Nagar in GK Veedhi mandal. The Maoists said their armed cadres were killed in a one-sided firing at Marripakalu and warned the security personnel that they would pay the price for the fake encounter.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/Naxal-bandh-in-East-Division-evokes-partial-response/articleshow/52302245.cms

CRPF personnel killed in Naxal attack in Chhattisgarh

A Central Reserve Police Force personnel was martyred when a group of armed Naxals attacked a CRPF camp in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district, about 400 km from here, early today, police said. “The ultras opened fire on the “Reddy” camp of the CRPF located in a forested area under Gangalur Police Station limits at around 0100 hrs, and fled after the force launched a retaliatory attack,” Additional Superintendent of Police Indira Kalyan Elesela told UNI. In the gunfight, constable Satish Gaur (30) hailing from Adilabad in Telangana received a bullet injury in the chest.

http://news.webindia123.com/news/Articles/India/20160517/2861883.html

Missing constable killed, Gadchiroli police recovers body

AFTER the mysterious disappearance of Constable Bandu Vachami on May 10, the Gadchiroli police recovered his body near Arewada village in Bhamragadh tehsil of the district Monday morning. From a note recovered from near his body, it was clear the 31-year-old was held captive by Naxalites. “The note mentions he was out to gather intelligence and build network, and was hence killed,” Gadchiroli SP Sandip Patil said.
Vachami, a tribal who hailed from Gadchiroli itself, had left his Kothi outpost to go to Poyarkuti village on the Chhattisgarh border, ostensibly to attend a marriage. What has surprised the police is, Vachami was picked up by local supporters of the Naxalites, called Area Rakshak Dal (ARD)/Gram Rakshak Dal (GRD) members.

“There was no Naxal movement in the area according to our informers, who said three local supporters had actually bundled out Vachami from Poyarkuti village,” Patil said, adding, “We picked up one of them as soon as he returned to the village after remaining away over the last few days.”
Another evidence pointing towards ARD-GRD involvement was the 12-bore gunshot in Vachami’s temple. “If there were to be some Dalum involved, some superior gun would have been used,” Patil said. This is the third police casualty in Naxal violence in Gadchiroli this year so far.

Naxal arrested

The police on Sunday arrested Naxal Ramesh Korami, who was carrying a reward of Rs 4 lakh on his head in Jarawandi forest area. The 35-year-old is a member of Naxal Platoon number 3 and also a member of the action team, which carries out surprise attacks at public places, according to a press note issued by Gadchiroli police. Korami — involved in many encounters and attacks against the police — was on the wanted list even in Chhattisgarh, the note added.

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/missing-constable-killed-gadchiroli-police-recovers-body-2804333/

Two Naxals arrested in Andhra Pradesh

Two Naxals, one of them carrying a reward of Rs one lakh, were today arrested by the East Godavari District police in Andhra Pradesh.
East Godavari Superintendent of Police M Ravi Prakash said 19-year-old Madakam Mada, who was an active Dalam member in Sabari area and had joined the movement in 2015, was apprehended. Mada, carrying a reward of Rs one lakh, was allegedly involved in abduction of a pastor and in gun-fight against security personnel on the Telangana and Chhattisgarh where eight Maoists killed, the SP told reporters.

A .303 rife was recovered from his possession. Another Naxal Sode Pojjaiah, an active Militia commander, was also arrested, the officer said.
Pojjaiah was allegedly involved in recruiting several youths and sending them for Maoist training, he said.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/two-naxals-arrested-in-andhra-pradesh-116051701404_1.html

NAXALS FLEE LEAVING RS8 L CASH AFTER ENCOUNTER

A join team of the Gariaband District Police and CRPF have seized cash amounting to Rs 8 lakh from an encounter site after a gun battle with Maoists on Chhattisgarh-Odisha border, Inspector General of Police (IGP) (Raipur range) GP Singh informed here on Monday. This is probably for the first time such a huge amount of cash had been seized from an encounter site following a gun battle with Maoists in restive Gariaband district. The cash was allegedly collected from Tendupatta contractors in Gariaband district, Singh said. “We had specific intelligence inputs that Naxals of Dharambanda Dalam active in Odisha were going to receive hefty cash amount in the jungles of Surangpani close to Odisha border in Gariband district,” the IGP said while addressing a press conference at his office here.

The Maoists had collected the money from merchants particularly Tendupatta businessmen by putting them under duress, he said. A Police team had exchange of fire with Naxals in a forested patch near Surangpani village which is around 30-32 kms away from Gariaband district headquarters, he mentioned. “Naxals who could not withstand fire from the police team fled while leaving cash amounting to Rs 8 lakh at the spot that was seized later,” Singh told reporters. Superintendent of Police (SP) Gariaband, Amit Kamble was supervising the team consisting of District Police and CRPF personnel which had engaged in gun battle, he added.

http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/naxals-flee-leaving-rs8-l-cash-after-encounter.html

IED planted by Maoists recovered in Jharkhand

An improvised explosive device (IED) planted by Maoist guerrillas in Jharkhand’s Khunti district was recovered on Tuesday, police said. The 20 kg IED was found planted near Usram jungle under Rania police station in a search operation, said a police officer. The bomb disposal squad was called in to defuse the IED. Over the last fortnight, the police have seized explosives and landmines planted by the Maoists in different parts of the state. Eighteen of the 24 districts of Jharkhand are affected by Maoist insurgency.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/ied-planted-by-maoists-recovered-in-jharkhand-116051701207_1.html

Tribes exercise franchise under heavy security

A multilayered security blanket was thrown over the tribal-dominated interior areas of Attappady from Monday morning on the polling day in the face of an alleged Maoist threat to derail the democratic process. Apart from personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), 120 commandos of specially trained anti-Maoist squad Thunderbolt were deployed along with bomb and dog squads.

CCTV surveillance

Security arrangements were tightened in the face of the alleged sighting of armed Maoists in interiors of Mananthavady in Wayanad on Sunday. All the tribal colonies had been put under CCTV surveillance and special vehicles were arranged to take voters from remote tribal hamlets to polling booths.
“Apart from keeping vigil on Maoist threats, we assisted local tribes to cast their votes. Police jeeps were used to transport the aged and ailing tribal voters. Emergency health care was ensured,” Agali Deputy Superintendent of Police P. Waheed told The Hindu .

Over 200 personnel of the CRPF conducted flag marches on Sunday at Attappady, which is part of the Mannarkkad Assembly constituency. The CRPF personnel were deployed in tribal settlements such as Swarnagaddha, Pudur, Paloor, and Mulli, which are encircled by dense forests. The tribal residents of Mulli dropped their plan to boycott the election citing poor condition of roads, following intervention of the police and district officials. The police had also removed posters and banners, purportedly issued by Maoists, urging the tribespeople to boycott election at Agali, Pudur, Anaikatty, Sholayur, and Kottathara.

Barbed fencing

Barbed fencing had been erected around Agali police station. The police had found 12 polling booths in the region as under Maoist threat.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/tribes-exercise-franchise-under-heavy-security/article8609502.ece

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