“Closely follow Chairman Mao’s strategic plans, and set in motion a new upsurge of great revolutionary criticism.”
This time I returned to Shanghai for the National Day festival and stayed there for 12 days. During the period, I made some investigations. I convened several investigation meetings and took a look at the basic echelon, including the Diesel Plant where armed struggle had been most fierce. Once I got in touch with the masses, I learned a lot of new and lively things. I deeply felt that the important instructions Chairman Mao has recently put forward all reflect the inner demands of the broad masses of revolutionary people and touched on the most important and critical problems of the current revolutionary movement, and therefore, they possess boundless power. Take the training class for example. Cadres need it; so do the leaders of rebels.
The No. 8 Dye Plant, which produces activated dye, has opened eight study classes since the establishment of the revolutionary committee in July. Each class lasting from one week to ten days studies the “three constantly read articles” and other works by the Chairman. Participants include regiment leaders of the rebel groups as well as those cadres who have committed mistakes. The class concentrates on solving two problems:
1. How to use the Chairman’s thought as a guideline for ideological and political work;
2. How to deal with the masses correctly, unite the masses, and not to be divorced from the masses.
After new cadres have held power, the main complaint by the workers is that they have seldom mingled with the masses. To study in this manner is very effective. Short-term study classes of this kind may be conducted by plants and other organizations. When they hear the Chairman’s latest instructions, they immediately feel that they are the reflection of their innermost feelings. Several problems are covered by my investigation: 1. The problem of the National Party Congress and that of the Party; 2. The problem of having better troops and simpler administration; 3. The problem of mass criticism and repudiation; 4. The problem of great alliance. Now I shall report the first two problems to you, hoping to receive instructions from you.
1. THE PROBLEM OF THE NINTH PARTY CONGRESS
At four symposia (with the revolutionary committee, Red Guards, rebel Party members at factories and schools, and P.L.A. comrades),on the basis of Chairman Mao’s instructions, I solicited opinions from the audience. I had expected that the participants would be surprised, but it was not so, since discussions had already taken place among the rebels. Apparently, the masses had been thinking about this matter. When should it be convened? The overwhelming majority believed that it should be held as early as possible. Most of them said it should be held in the first half of next year and should not be later than the fall of that year. How should the delegates be produced? Should they be selected from bottom to top, level by level?
A few comrades thought it should be done in this way; however, most of them did not express definite opinions. They said: “In the past candidates were actually decided by the superior. After one year of the Cultural Revolution, the political failures of many people, whether good or bad, have been seen even more clearly, more clearly than at any previous times, therefore, delegates may be selected through consultations with concerned quarters and then approved by Party congresses of cities, districts, or neighborhoods.” “It may be begun at the central level with the opening of the National Party Congress. When there is a program, it will be more advantageous for the Party congresses at each level to meet.”
“Chairman Mao has said that the form should not be restricted, but the content should be stressed; the name does not matter much, but essence is important.” There were even some comrades who suggested: “The National People’s Congress should be convened in the same way; it should be held at the same time with the Ninth Party Congress in order to solve the problem of Liu Shao-ch’i.” Red Guards said: “A greater number of representatives from workers and Red Guards should be allowed to be present at the Congress.” “It is better to absorb some workers and Red Guards into the Party.” Shall Wang Ming be selected? Shall Liu [Shao-ch'i], Teng [Hsiao-p'ing], and Tao [Chu] be selected? Shall Peng [Chen], Lo [Jui-ch'ing], Lu [Ting-i], and Yang [Shang-kun] be selected? The consensus of opinion was that they should not be selected. “Wang Ming has become a citizen of the Soviet Union. Can we select a Russian agent?” “All renegades should not be selected, which is a big principle.” “Liu Shao-ch’i is a renegade and he should be further criticized and liquidated.” There were some who said: “Chairman Mao may decide to keep a few teachers of negative example, if so, we should listen to Chairman Mao. But, we hope there will not be too many, and they should first be thoroughly criticized.” People generally know more about Liu than Teng.
How about the leadership organ of the Party? Many comrades were of the opinion that it might take the form of the revolutionary committee. There is the Party nucleus in the revolutionary committee which is authorized to perform the functions of the municipal council. The good point about this is unified leadership which facilitates association with the masses and the thorough implementation of Chairman Mao’s proletarian line. There was another opinion which was that when formal power organs are established in the future, the division of power between the municipal council and the municipal people’s council will still be necessary, otherwise, it would be difficult to hold a people’s congress, because, if a person is busy with government affairs, he will inevitably neglect Party affairs.
Many comrades believed that in places where revolutionaries had already been established, the Party should have a leadership nucleus, and outstanding leaders of the rebel groups could be absorbed into the Party and allowed to frequently participate in the nucleus meeting of the Party. This nucleus meeting, just as has been pointed out by Chairman Mao, should not be formed subjectively or self-proclaimed; they should be naturally formed and developed in the course of struggle.
Reorganization of the Party should not start from the basic level, but from the leadership organ. The districts, counties, and bureaus and units equivalent to bureaus in Shanghai had established 35 bodies of three-way alliance by October 5 with a total of 856 committee members of which 457 were Party members, representing 53 percent. A group of comparatively good Party members have already been elected to the leadership bodies by the revolutionary masses. Some outstanding revolutionaries have practically played the role of Party members. I believe this opinion is fairly reasonable and may be used as a reference. I do not know whether this is correct or not.
Before the “January Revolution,” few Party members joined rebels, generally from two to five percent. After January of this year, more Party members successively joined the rebels, the percentage varying from 40 to 80. The practical experience of class struggle has told us that our proletarian revolutionary party — the vanguard of the proletariat—must be formed on the foundation of revolutionary workers, revolutionary peasantry, revolutionary fighters, revolutionary intellectuals, and revolutionary cadres, and only in this way can we lead several tens of thousands of masses to carry the proletarian revolution through to the end. “The call for restoring the Party organization is not a good slogan; it will be easily distorted as meaning a return to the old situation.” It should be called reorganization and transformation. The revisionist stuff of Liu Shao-ch’i needs continued vigorous criticism. These points warrant special attention:
First, the question of the nature of the Party and its mission. Second, the question of the line of Party building. (“Those who have made a good performance in production and are obedient may be allowed to join the Party.”) Third, the question of relationship with the masses. (This is a fundamental problem. Some party members manifested deep hatred when talking about how they had become “docile tools” for revisionism under the pernicious influence of Liu Shao-ch’i's black “Self-Cultivation” and how they had been deceived by the Liu-Teng line during the early period of the Cultural Revolution and thus took steps to suppress the masses.) Fourth, the question of democratic centralism and consolidating proletarian dictatorship. All this requires using the Mao Tse-tung thought to thoroughly criticize and repudiate Liu Shao-ch’i's revisionist viewpoints. Is this conclusion correct or not?
A unanimous earnest wish is that Volume V of the Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung can be published before the opening of the Ninth Party Congress to provide historical material on the struggle between the two lines within the Party. Many Party members (particularly rebel groups of workers) have hoped to gain a greater understanding of the Party history, to learn the origin and development of the struggle between Chairman Mao’s proletarian revolutionary line and the bourgeois counterrevolutionary line, and to know the historical background of certain personages. In the past, they could read the “Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party,” but now the document is no longer useful.
2. THE PROBLEM OF HAVING BETTER TROOPS AND SIMPLER ADMINISTRATION
This is an urgent problem. Over the past several months, staff members of the Municipal Revolutionary Committee have increased considerably. At present, there are 20 departments with 3,229 employees. There are 763 workers in the General Office alone, which does not include those of revolutionary mass organizations who have left their production posts. Anyway, this organization is too big. The bigger the structure, the greater the chances for bad elements of all types to penetrate and for leading cadres to be divorced from the masses.
Once hit by the sugar-coated bullets of the bourgeoisie, they [leading cadres] will develop the mountain-stronghold mentality. The increase of personnel in some departments was due to the development of mountain-stronghold mentality. After consulting with Comrade Chun-chiao, we decided that at least half or two-thirds or even more of the personnel should be slashed.The ideological work in this respect is very difficult and important. We have already transmitted to leading cadres the Chairman’s instructions concerning having better troops and simpler administration. The problems concerning the relationship between cadres and the masses, having better troops and simpler administration, and ideological and political work, and training classes as well as continuation of mass criticism must be given attention by special editorials of the People’s Daily and Red Flag. And the Chairman’s important instructions shall be quoted in these editorials. Is this consideration correct or not?
Since January of this year, most of the rebel leaders have gradually become mature in the course of struggle and have learned how to hold and wield power for the proletariat. The situation is excellent and is becoming better and better. In cities and districts and at the basic level, we saw a large number of good cadres with high spirits who dared to make revolution and to shoulder the burden. But, there were also a small number of comrades who began to enjoy feasts, applause, flattery, and driving in sedans. Hit by the sugar-coated bullets of the bourgeoisie one by one, they began to be divorced from the masses and no longer desired to go deep among the masses and be their pupils.
A Red Guard organization of middle school students wrote to us, criticizing some leaders for “seeking fame, fortune, limelight, and physical enjoyment.” They voiced the hope that “a warning will be signaled in order to effect revolutionization.” This reminded me of the brief episode of “three anti’s” in 1949. In addition to study classes, Comrade Chun-chiao is prepared to hold a few small-sized meetings for educational purposes and for face-to-face talks. I am afraid that too much of your precious time may be taken away. Therefore my letter stops here. The report on the other two problems will be made later. Enclosed for your reference is a copy of the minutes of the symposium of Party members. With a revolutionary salute of the proletariat.
Issues and Studies (Taipei), vol. vii, no. 1 (October 1971)
Communist Party of India – Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres, along with a large number of armed militia members and sympathisers, attacked and destroyed an Ashram(hermitage) of a local spiritual guru, Jaggamdora Simhachalam akaSatyanarayana, at Gurramveedhi village in the G. Madugula mandal (administrative unit) of Vishakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, in the night of January 17, 2015. Simhachalam was not at his Ashram at the time of the attack. Maoists beat up six persons present in the Ashram and set afire furniture, vehicles and a shed. Claiming responsibility for the incident the Korukonda ‘local area committee’, left pamphlets and hung a banner saying that the Ashram was attacked in retaliation to the killing of Sharath and militia member P. Ganapathi on October 19, 2014, and that Simhachalam would not be spared.
‘Divisional committee member’ Sindri China Ranga Rao aka Sharath and P. Ganapathi were lynched by locals while Maoists were taking Simhachalam to apraja court (‘people’s court’) near Korukonda Shandy, after killing G. Sanjeeva Rao on ‘charges’ of being a Police informer. Another Maoist militia member, Korra Nageswara Rao, was also believed to have been killed in this incident, but, as facts emerged later, he survived after being dumped in a nearby stream, and subsequently escaped. On November 27, he was seen talking to the media during a memorial meeting held by the Maoists in the Vishakhapatnam Agency area. The Maoists’ revenge attack notwithstanding, the lynching incident in what was long a Maoist stronghold indicates that even the residual strength of the Maoists in Andhra Pradesh is waning.
Further, on January 21, 2015, 34 Maoist sympathisers surrendered before the Police at Rajavommangi in East Godavari District. It is significant that, after a protracted political slug fest and acrimonious protests, Andhra Pradesh was officially bifurcated to create the new State of Telangana on June 2, 2014. According to the arrangement, Hyderabad will remain the joint capital for both the States for ten years, after which Andhra Pradesh will have its own capital and Hyderabad will be transferred entirely to Telangana. The residuary Andhra Pradesh has 13 Districts and Telangana has 10. Most of the Maoist affected Districts in the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh have gone to Telangana. According to South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), in the undivided Andhra Pradesh, by the end of 2013, Maoist activity appeared to have been substantially confined to Visakhapatnam and Khammam Districts, while Karimnagar, Warangal, Srikakulam, Nalgonda, Mahabubnagar, East and West Godavari Districts remained marginally affected.
The residual State of Andhra Pradesh, inherited just one District, Visakhapatnam, with moderate Maoist activity and three Districts – East Godavari, West Godavari and Srikakulam – with marginal Maoist activity. However, seven mandals of the erstwhile Khammam District, which had a considerable Maoist presence, have been added to East and West Godavari District. According to SATP data, the present (residual) Andhra Pradesh has recorded 10 fatalities, including five civilians and five Maoists, in LWE related incidents of violence in 2014, as compared to eight fatalities including six civilians and two Maoists in 2013 in the same areas. This suggests that Andhra Pradesh has sustained the advantage it had secured against the Maoists before the division of the State.
While civilian fatalities remain comparable, Maoist fatalities have gone up from two to five. There were no SF fatalities in either year. In terms of spatial distribution, fatalities in 2014 were reported from three Districts – Vishakhapatnam (three civilians and two Maoists), Prakasam (three Maoists) and East Godavari (two civilians). In 2013, fatalities were reported from three Districts of the comparable area of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh – Vishakhapatnam (four civilians and one Maoist), East Godavari (two civilians) and Nellore (one Maoist). Two major incidents (each involving three or more fatalities) were recorded in 2014 – one in Prakasam (three Maoists killed in an encounter with SFs on June 19 and another in Vishakhapatnam (one civilian and two Maoists, on October 19). The Maoists had engineered just one major incident in 2013, killing three tribals in the Lakkavaram forest area in G.K. Veedhi mandal of Visakhapatnam District on February 19.
No major incidents were reported in 2012 and 2011 in the residual Andhra Pradesh areas. Maoists engineered one swarming attack (involving 50 or more cadres/militia members) each in 2014 and 2013. On January 27, 2014, 20 CPI-Maoist cadres accompanied by an estimated 50 militia members triggered blasts at two coffee pulping units and a godown of the Andhra Pradesh Forest Development Corporation’s coffee pulping yard at Chapagedda in GK Veedhi mandal in Visakhapatnam District. Earlier on July 6, 2013, some 20 CPI-Maoist cadres along with about 70 militia members raided the house of a former chairman of the Agriculture Marketing Committee of Chintapalli mandal, Vantala Subba Rao in his native Bayalu Kinchangi village under Choudapalli Panchayat of Visakhapatnam District.
The Maoists were involved in at least two exchanges of fire, two explosions, four incidents of arson and gave calls for bandhs (general shutdown strikes) on two occasions in 2014; in 2013 they were involved in at least three exchanges of fire, one explosion, one incident of arson, four cases of assault and gave calls forbandhs on three occasions. The Maoists held a meeting on November 27, 2014, in memory of the cadres lynched in the October 19 incident. The meeting was organised somewhere near the location of the incident, and people from 33 villages under the Balapam Gram Panchayat were asked to attend. The meeting was reportedly addressed by the party’s ‘east division secretary’ Kailasam, and many top leaders at the State level were also present.
Reports suggest that more than a hundred party functionaries attended. Kailasam announced that coffee plantations at Siribala, RV Nagar and Chapagedda would be distributed to the Girijans (tribals) soon, since the party believed that the forest wealth belonged to the Girijans. Six coffee plantations had been ‘allocated’ by the Maoists to the Girijans in the past. Overall, Maoist activities appear to have been substantially confined to Visakhapatnam District, while East and West Godavari and Srikakulam Districts remain marginally affected. However, with the transfer of seven mandals from the Khammam District of the Telangana region, close to the troubled Chhattisgarh border, to the residual Andhra Pradesh State, the East and West Godavari Districts may see an increase in Maoist activities in the foreseeable future.
On December 29, 2014, Andhra Pradesh Director General of Police (DGP) J.V. Ramudu disclosed that Police had arrested 75 Naxalites (left wing extremists), while another 93 surrendered through 2014. Maoists were involved in over a dozen reported crimes during the year, including the killing of four civilians. Five Maoists were shot dead in exchange of fire in different places and the Police seized 17 weapons from their possession. However, giving an assessment of Maoist activities in Visakhapatnam District, particularly in the Agency area, Superintendent of Police (SP) Koya Praveen stated, on December 29, 2014, that a total of 83 persons had been arrested during the year, including nine extremists, 28 militia members and 46 sympathisers, as against 66 persons, including three extremists, 32 militia members and 31 sympathisers in 2013. The arrests included an active member of the CPI-Maoist Galikonda ‘area committee’, identified as Pangi Bhaskara Rao, and of the Kalimela ‘area committee’, Korra Santhi.
On August 22, 2014, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, N. Chandrababu Naidu, during a discussion in the State Assembly, disclosed that 83 underground Maoist cadres from Andhra Pradesh had been identified as active, of whom 61 were known to be operating in the State, while the remaining were operating from Chhattisgarh and other States. Interestingly, while giving an assessment of Maoist numbers, Visakhapatnam Superintendent of Police Koya Praveen noted that, while it was not possible to give the exact number, it was estimated that the East Visakha Joint Division chief Chalapathi and his deputy Bakuri Venkata Ramana alias Ganesh were moving around with about 40 to 50 hardcore cadres, each.
Similarly, Galikonda area committee heads Ravi and Sharat and Korukonda area committee leaders Naveen and Kiran led groups of at least 30 Maoist cadres each. Praveen added, “The figures are excluding the local militia members and sympathisers.” Further, “The weaponry depends on the rank. It is reported that leaders such as Ravi and Naveen, have at least five to six AK 47 assault rifles in their group and supported by a good number of .303 Lee Enfield rifles. They also carry landmines and claymore mines.” Since concerns persist, Andhra Pradesh is gearing up to tackle the residual Maoist presence. A special company of armed Police is to be set up for the seven mandalsof Khammam which were merged into Andhra Pradesh, and the Centre has cleared this proposal.
The Government is also considering the setting up of a special Police Sub-division for these seven mandals. According to Andhra Pradesh Deputy Chief Minister and Home Minister China Rajappa, of the 13 Districts in the State, only eight Districts have armed battalions. West Godavari, Prakasam, Chittoor, Krishna and Srikakulam Districts do not have any armed battalions and proposals have been sent to the Centre seeking approval for five such battalions. The Centre has sanctioned two battalions with one of these to be set up at Vijayawada and another in one of the Rayalaseema Districts. Reports indicate that the State was awaiting sanction of another two battalions. Vishakhapatnam District Police is upgrading its existing Police Stations to make them attack-proof. Superintendent of Police Praveen observed, in this connection, “At Chintapalli and GK Veedhi, about 80 per cent of the work is over. At Hukumpeta, we are midway through.
They should be ready in a couple of months.” Another six Police Stations have been identified for similar upgradation, and work is to commence shortly. According to the latest available data, the Andhra Pradesh Police as on December 31, 2013, before bifurcation of the State, had a Police-population ratio of 123 per 100,000 (actual strength, National Crime Records Bureau data]. This reflected a deficit of 22,950 personnel against sanctioned strength, with 11 vacancies in the ranks of DG/ Addl.DG / IG / DIG, 142 vacancies in SSP/SP/Addl.SP/ ASP/ Dy.SP ranks (though there was a surplus of 13 in the Armed Police in these ranks), 3,172 vacancies in the Inspector, Sub Inspector and Assistant Sub Inspector (ASI) ranks, and 19,625 vacancies in personnel below ASI rank. However, DGP Ramudu, on December 22, 2014, asserted that existing numbers in the residual Andhra Pradesh State were sufficient in the officer cadres. In fact, the Department was forcing Police Stations to accommodate a higher number of Inspector rank officers than required. But the Police was facing a shortage of constables and sub-inspectors, and a proposal to recruit 8,000 constables was pending approval.
Further, the [State] Cabinet Sub-committee on the Naxalite problem, headed by Finance Minister Yanamala Ramakrishnudu, has recommended the raising of a tribal battalion, recruited from the Girijan youth of East Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam, exclusively to counter the Maoist insurgency along the Andhra-Odisha-Chhattisgarh border. The recommendation is aimed at discouraging discontented tribal youth from joining the Maoists. Significant tribal dislocation is expected as a result of the Polavaram project. The Indira Sagar Project is a multipurpose major terminal reservoir project located on river Godavari near the Ramayyapet village of Polavaram Mandal in West Godavari District.
An estimated 44,574 residential households, involving a total population of 177,275 persons, of which around 50 per cent are tribals, are likely to be displaced by the project. According to Union Environment Minister of State (Independent Charge) Prakash Javadekar, an area of 3427.52 hectares of forest land in Andhra Pradesh alone is projected to be inundated, and 276 villages in Andhra Pradesh, four villages in Chhattisgarh and eight villages in Odisha are likely to be submerged. The Odisha State has opposed the project as it maintains that the project is likely to submerge tribal villages in Malkangiri District. Seven months have passed since the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, with no obvious increase in Maoist activities.
While this is too short a period to assess the impact of the division on the Maoist movement in the State, there is no reason to believe that there would be any radical discontinuity with the recent past. Nevertheless, concerns persist, especially in view of the administrative uncertainty regarding the location of the State’s capital, which is causing some heartburn among sections of the population in the Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions. The sooner administrative issues are settled down, the better it will be for the State, and the closer the focus on the Maoist problem.
A 50-ft tall Maoist memorial constructed in the dense forest of Machanar in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-affected Kondagaon district has been demolished by security personnel, police said. “The memorial — built by Naxal leader Kamlesh and Mayaram in the honour of two slain Naxal commanders Vikram and Kishore — was spotted and demolished yesterday during the combined search operation undertaken in the area by Bode Dungal, Kondagaon and Danora police,” Kondagaon Superintendent of Police Abhishek Meena said today.
While US President Barack Obama was interacting with the media in Delhi on Sunday, outlawed CPI (Maoists) hijack two passenger buses in strife-torn Kaklur in Dantewada Dantewada, south Chhattisgarh, to protest his visit to India. Ahead of Republic Day, security arrangements were beefed up in Bastar but police remained unaware about the Maoists taking the buses with over 50 passengers on board under their command for three hours till they reached Kate Kalyan police station in Dantewada late evening.
The rebels released the passengers unharmed. “The Maoists wrote slogans on the buses and fixed banners on it against the visit of the US President and the Republic Day celebrations. The buses were later released and all passengers are safe,” additional director general of police (anti-Maoist operation) RK Vij told HT. The Maoists, early Monday morning, also removed a small stretch of a railway track, leading to the derailment of a goods train at Kaklur. The extremists had blown up the tracks in Rayagada district of Odisha on Saturday, disrupting the schedules of various trains.
“The Maoists halted two buses. There were around 30 sangham members (lowest cadre of CPI-Maoist). Some in uniform were giving instructions. They spoke to the passengers regarding their protest against Obama,” Vikas, a conductor in one of the buses, told HT. Some passengers from Jagdalpur, requesting anonymity, shared that the rebels were talking in Gondi and Hindi. “We were terrified. Sangham members were carrying bows and arrows but we didn’t see any other weapons, though there were also Maoists in uniform,” they said. Interior areas of Bastar wore a deserted look on Monday, with buses and other vehicles off roads and local markets closed. The banned outfit blocked roads at various places by felling trees and placing boulders. The bandh call, however, did not have any impact in the urban areas of Bastar.
Joint Statment of Communist Party of India (Maoist) and Maoist Communist Party Manipur.
Under the signboard of globalisation, structural adjustment and open market economy world imperialism has announced its global agenda to further intensify the domination, exploitation and oppression of the people. The current global crisis of world imperialism has further sharpened its attacks, bringing about the inevitability of even more misery, horror, devastation and war, on a world scale. The proletariat and the oppressed people of the world continue to resist this agenda by raising revolutionary struggles, against imperialism and the subservient reactionary ruling classes of different countries, generating a new wave of people struggles all over the world, particularly in the oppressed countries.
As Mao had formulated, the oppressed countries constitute the storm centres of world revolution and revolution is the main trend in the world today. The region of South Asia continues to provide a concentrated expression of this truth. South Asia, with more than 1/5th of the world population, is a simmering volcano, as recognised by the imperialists themselves. All the major contradictions in the region are intensifying and call for revolutionary solutions. In India, national liberation movements are continuing in Kashmir, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. The protracted people’s war continues to rage in Central and Eastern India and is now opening up a new front in the South West. Various people’s struggles against imperialism and the reactionary ruling classes are also surging forward. India forcibly maintains the oppressed nationalities under its hegemony. Not only does the Indian army of occupation crush their just demands with utmost brutality, they have been pitting one section of the people against the other to drown their just struggles in oceans of blood. This is to be seen in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam, Kashmir and Central and Eastern India. Naga regiments are deployed in the latter against the people’s war and Indian Army is deployed in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya to suppress the national liberation movements.
The Indian state is more and more functioning as the regional gendarme of US imperialism and thus fulfilling its expansionist ambitions, suppressing people’s movements in the sub-continent. Indian rulers have been even more crudely intervening in the internal affairs of neighbouring countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Maldives. The recent visits of the Indian Prime Minister to various countries in Asia and hobnobbing with US and other imperialists are new steps to preserve and consolidate its political and economic hegemony in South Asia region, contending with China. Barack Obama, the US President, comes as chief guest for the Indian expansionists’ show off parade of the 26th to promote this and tighten US control. The Indian expansionist state backed by world imperialism, particularly US imperialism, constitutes the common enemy of the peoples of South Asia.
The Modi regime of the BJP is transforming the state into a fascist apparatus to crush all types of democratic movements in India, surpassing all its predecessors. It is attacking worker’s rights and going all out to deepen imperialist penetration of the economy. It is imposing Brahmanic fascist values in all spheres of society. The main thrust of this offensive is a new phase of the ‘war on people’ (Operation Green Hunt) aimed at destroying the on-going protracted people’s war and intensification of suppression of various national movements. This means more fake encounters (of both revolutionaries and common people), more loot, destruction, mayhem, tortures and atrocities on people, more attacks, political and physical, on any kind of opposition, more trampling of civil rights, and more severe repression in various forms on political prisoners incarcerated in prisons all over the country.
State violence in India is institutionalised through constitutional immunity to the police, the paramilitary and the army. The most notorious form of this is the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (1958). The AFSPA has its roots in British colonial legislation dating back to the mid-19th century. More directly, it was based on a British colonial ordinance, called the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Ordinance promulgated in 1942 to assist in suppressing the “Quit India Movement”, part of the struggle against British colonialism. The AFSPA has been operative for years together in large parts of the Northeast region of India and in Jammu Kashmir. The AFSPA empowers security forces to arrest and enter property without warrant, to shoot to kill, even in circumstances where they are not at imminent risk. It’s a license to kill and rape when they want. It has facilitated grave human rights abuses, including extrajudicial execution, “disappearance”, rape and torture. Declaring an area a “disturbed area” and granting the military extensive powers is in practice imposing an undeclared emergency regime. The AFSPA has allowed members of the armed forces to perpetrate abuses with impunity. They have been shielded by clauses in the AFSPA that prohibit prosecutions from being initiated without permission from the Central government. Such permission is rarely granted.
If the AFSPA allows the most heinous suppression to be legitimised by the constitutional standards of the Indian state, all of this and worse is being done as part of ‘Operation Green Hunt’ in the battle zones of the people’s war led by the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in Central and Eastern India, without any pretence of legality and even in open violation of judicial sanctions. Here the victims are mainly the adivasis and dalits at the bottommost layers of society. In a span of ten years nearly two thousand have been killed and countless more brutally tortured, and jailed. This brutal multi-pronged countrywide offensive on people’s various resistances, particularly targeting the Maoist movement, has been raging unabated, since its launch in mid-2009 by the UPA-2 government till date. Preparations for its Third Phase are going on at a rapid pace under the fascist NDA Government.
The peoples of Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya and Jammu Kashmir have been for long victims of the Indian state’s counter insurgency operations. Thousands have been killed by the heartless Indian armed forces. In Manipur alone, according to rough estimates, eight thousand nine hundred and eighty three beloved people have been killed, under the AFSPA. The sixteen lakh indigenous population in Manipur live under the jackboots of one lakh Indian armed forces killers equipped with sophisticated weapons. This is the real face of Indian ‘democracy’. This is the reality of the Indian Republic. It is a prison house of nations. It is a sweathouse for imperialism and its comprador lackeys. It is a torture chamber for the oppressed and exploited. We appeal to the people, to the oppressed nationalities and the exploited, all over India,
Let us all unite to overthrow the Indian state and destroy this monstrosity!
Let us support each other in our struggles!
Let us advance along the path of protracted people’s war guided by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!
Let us fan the flames of new democratic revolution and thus serve the cause of the world socialist revolution!
They got the consent of the masses, tired of the policies of sacrifice and misery imposed by the Troika in the last years, the fierce unloading of the crisis that condemned the Greece to be poorer and poorer and has saved, so far, the banks and, partially, the masters. A deep crisis that has seen the answer of the masses of Greece with a general struggle, sieges and assaults to the parliament and other institutions. Thus, behind the success of Syryza there are primarily the masses.
Therefore, proletari comunisti – PCm Italy firstly considers this result a fruit of the struggle of the masses. It was neither easy or granted. The corrupt political forces tied to the European and domestic finance, the speculation and corruption, have tried to prevent and restrain this result. They fed the most dangerous of the European fascist formations, Golden Dawn, which had tried with the demagogy and the anti-migrants and anti-left violence to occupy a prominent place in the political scene and impose the fascist option amidst the crisis of the country. The masses, and even more the proletarian, student, rebel youth are those who fought in the front line the fascists, the police infiltrated and the State that defended them. Syriza took advantage of the radical action of the masses and the youth rebellion, has capitalized and used them in the electoral arena. The result of the elections in Greece is relevant if you think that the “communist” list too has reached a significant percentage, this also was not granted, in a climate of strong polarization.
Anyway, the wind that comes from Greece is a wind of change and putting into discussion the big capital and of European imperialism. Of course now we are at a crucial point. Tsipras and Syriza are not a revolutionary force, but a new social-democracy. Their program is illusory in the just aspects favorable to the masses, and achievable only in its, so say so, pragmatic part, of which Tsipras boasts and that is recognized, of reconciliation of the interests of the Greek bourgeoisie with those of the European bourgeoisie, led by Germany (Tsipras has made statements of maximum opening to the latest decisions of Draghi and ECB). This reconciliation can not change, except in small details, the living conditions of the masses. It can not give them a job, a house, a wage to live, a decent health care and even less can give them the real power to decide on their present and future. For this, while it may appear the outcome of a fight, the victory of Tsipras is a stage of it and must be a new beginning. If the electoral victory stops the struggles, then the masses and above all the proletarians, the youth, will lose, and the fate of SYRIZA will be those of all social-democracies, to cover the capital, to serve the capital, to represent the capital in the clash between the bourgeois State and the masses. But another problem begins to emerge and with the rise of Syriza will be even more clear.
Greece is in an international context of a new tendency to the war and becomes a country in the trenches of the contention between the Western imperialist countries, led by US, and Russia, already grappling with a crisis on its doorstep in Ukraine. Greece borders one of the fiercest regional powers in the ascendant, Turkey, which on the one hand, as a prop of NATO and, on the other hand, as capitalism in its own, has always played a role of control and aggression towards Greece. So, the internal contention in Greece combines with the international situation, combining both the aspects of the class struggle, the revolutionary struggle for socialism and the anti-imperialist liberation struggle. The putschist and fascist traditions, supported by NATO, are a permanent feature in Greece.
Confronted to all this, Syriza is a boat in a stormy sea, a crock pot amidst iron pots. Proletari Comunisti – PCm Italy supports the workers and the masses who rejoice today, as well as all the forces that want the fight continues, the rebellion continues, against imperialism, capitalism and reaction. The days to come in Greece will be difficult days. It needs to have confidence in the masses, to build the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Communist Party in the fire of the class struggle in close tie with the masses, to build a united front that gathers the masses who voted Syriza, to build a fighting force that challenges the fascist reaction, the bourgeois State, the open or covert troops of NATO imperialism and their hitman in the region, the Turkey of Erdogan.
(SEPTEMBER 1974) [Comrade Siraj Sikder could not complete this article because he was martyred by the enemy. Sarat Chandra Chattapadhyay was the most popular Bengali novelist in 20th century with his writings during the British colonial rule. Through his writings, he opposed British colonialism, supported the path of armed struggle, opposed religious oppression; and expressed sympathy to women. He was very much democratic minded, men and women’s’ relation to him was based on love and equality, not customary bond. He exposed religion-ist class contradiction.
We see in his writings that old society is breaking down and peasants are transforming into workers. He had love fo the poor.Despite all these, he could not avoid feudal mentality, customs, religion etc. because he was not a Proletarian revolutionary. Sarat Chandra is still popular as before, and without any doubt, indeed he was a good friend of proletariat. We must crtiically examine all of his works one after another and thus, complete the unfinished revolutionary work of Comrade Siraj Sikder– Sarbaharapath]
Whom can we uphold as the popular national democratic writer in Bengali literature? It is a very important question in literature and culture. By national democratic writer, we mean such litterateur who uncompromisingly opposed imperialism and feudalism. In Bengali literature, it is Sarat Chandra who is the popular national democratic writer. Unsurprisingly, he opposed the then British colonialists and upheld and praised armed struggle as the path of overthrow them. He, sincerely portrayed revolutionaries by taking their side (Sarat Chandra was not Marxist, that is why he could not put forward people orientated armed struggle, forming of base area, participation of peasants, leadership of Proletarian Party).
The writings of Sarat Chandra were a strong repulse against the opposition by the British lackey politicians and litterateur (non-violent path of Gandhi, Rabindranath) to armed struggle and portraying revolutionaries as failure and bad. This is why ‘Pather Dabi’ [Demand of Path — Sarbaharapath] of Sarat Chandra was banned from publication by the British. Feudalism is the basis of sustaining of imperialism and it is a weapon to exploit peasant masses. Sarat Chandra wonderfully exposed feudal ideas, customs, ruthless exploitation and appropriation by feudal Jaminders [Jaminders were big Land Lord – Sarbaharapath] and people’s anti-feudal mentality. In undivided India, ruthless religious suppression over Muslim people was a form of feudalist exploitation. Sarat Chandra is the only writer who portrayed it heart-touchingly.
He brought forth the process of social change—decay of feudalism, overthrow of peasants from land and their transformation to worker. This is why the story of Mahesh by Sarat Chandra is a historic work. Here is the reason that we find behind the split of Indo-Pak subcontinent. Sarat Chandra brought forth the sufferings and ache of women suppressed and oppressed by the Imperialism and Feudalism in pathetic form and supported oppressed women. He always remained firm in breaking feudalist ideas, on the side of equal right of men and women and establishing voluntary relation between men and women without any social intervention. He upheld that not customary formality but love between men and women is the basis of relation. These ideas of Sarat Chandra towards the then Indian feudal society worked as a big rebellion. This is why in India, the feudalists and imperialists never liked him. This is also the reason why the present bureaucratic capitalist and feudal ruling regime of India dependent on social imperialism and imperialism and intellectuals dependent on them have opposed him.
Presently, they, by changing their form of opposition, are saying that Sarat Chandra became old. By saying ‘he became old’, they are upholding reactionary litterateurs and artists dependent on the social imperialism, imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism. Thus, they are making public opinion in favor of sustaining social imperialism, imperialism, bureaucratic capitalism and feudalism. Art and literature is component of superstructure. It controls human ideology. So, in India and Bangladesh, in ideological sphere of superstructure, efforts are being made to create public opinion in favor of Expansionism, social imperialism, bureaucratic capitalism and feudalism to sustain them. But masses of people are against that evil effort. This is why still Sarat Chandra has more popularity and number of reader than modern reactionary writers. (Incomplete)
Onward the continuing struggle for genuine agrarian reform!
Long Live International Solidarity!
Joint message of solidarity from the Kilusang Magbubukid ngPilipinas (KMP) and the Asian Peasant Coalition (APC)
The Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP, Peasant Movement of the Philippines) and the Asian Peasant Coalition (APC) convey our most militant salute to the peasants, led by the Aliansi Gerakan Reforma Agraria (AGRA), in Sukumalya village, Rumpin district, Bogor regency in West Java province, Indonesia on its 7th year of unwavering struggle to defend their land. We strongly condemn the Jokowi government of Indonesia and its military, especially the National Air Force of Indonesia (TNI AU), for the harassment and continuing threats against Sukumalya peasants who are resisting state-sponsored land grabbing.
In 2007, the National Air Force of Indonesia shot one peasant and two others were abducted (one of them is a national committee member of AGRA) in its attempt to evict Sukumalya peasants to give way for the construction of the Air Force base. But despite this, the people of Sukumalya village are resolutely defending 1,070 hectares of land being claimed by the Air force. We are with you in your struggle to defend your ancestral land. Never give up the fight to defend your land! Your ancestors resisted the Dutch colonial rule and have defended the same land you’ve been fighting for. The KMP and APC likened the struggle in Sukumalya village to San Isidro village, Laur town of Nueva Ecija province in the Philippines where peasants are struggling against the Fort Magsaysay Military Reservation (FMMR) claiming ownership of 3,100 hectares. In 1930s, farmers were already cultivating the lands at FMMR.
But in 1991, the base of the Philippine Army (PA) 7th Infantry Division was moved in the contested 3,100-hectare land in Laur, Nueva Ecija. About 6,000 peasants live and are cultivating the land in San Isidro village. Like Sukumulya village, the people of San Isidro village were harassed and intimidated. On October 25, 2008, soldiers from PA 7th Infantry Division demolished 34 houses in the village. This was done after the farmers attended the caravan, led by KMP, to protest bogus Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) in Manila. But the farmers were able to rebuild their homes and remained in their land. Up to now, peasant communities are militarized, soldiers camped in Barangay (village) halls sowing fear and terror. But the people of San Isidro village remain steadfast in their struggle. Through their strong unity and militant struggle, the peasants in San Isidro village were able to keep on cultivating their lands. Led by the Alliance of Farmers in Central Luzon (AMGL), the regional chapter of KMP, farmers in San Isidro village are actively campaigning for the passage of Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill (GARB) proposed by Anakpawis Partylist. They believe that only GARB would pave way for free land distribution and security from displacement.
On January 22, while AGRA and its members are celebrating the 7th year of Sukumalya’s continuing struggle against the land grabbing of National Air Force of Indonesia, the KMP on the other hand has mobilized 2,000 peasants to commemorate the 28th year of Mendiola Massacre. The KMP is holding the Aquino government liable for continuing denial of justice for the victims of Mendiola Massacre that happened in 1987, under the administration of his mother, the late President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino. Joining today’s protest from the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) in Quezon City to Mendiola (near MalacaÃ±ang Palace) in Manila are farmers affected by massive state and corporate land grabbing — farmers from 3,000 hectare Araneta Estate in San Jose Del Monte Bulacan, the 2,000-hectare Hacienda Dolores in Porac Pampanga, the 40,000-hectare Yulo King Ranch in Coron, Palawan, the 8,000-hectare Hacienda Looc in Batangas and the 6,000-hectare Hacienda Luisita in Tarlac. Ultimately, the best hope for genuine agrarian reform still lies in the peasants’ continuing militant and collective struggle and the resolute commitment to wage anti-feudal, anti-fascist and anti-imperialist struggles together with other sectors that are striving to build a truly sovereign, democratic and progressive society.
The insurgency-hit Bastar region of Chhattisgarh witnessed intensified Maoist activities on Monday. The ultras felled trees and dug up roads leading to traffic disruption. The Maoists damaged drill machine of the NMDC’s (National Mineral Development Corporation) Kirandul plant in Dantewada district and damaged National Highway 30 on Sunday evening. The banned outfit abducted two passenger buses in Katekalyan area of Dantewada on Sunday night. “Buses were released after some time. Maoists wrote some slogans on the bus,” said R.K. Vij, Additional Director-General (ADG) of Police, anti-Naxal operations. The ultras damaged railway track between Kirandul and Bacheli town and opened fire on Chintagufa and Timilwada police camps in Sukma district on Monday morning.
Maoists hijack passenger buses, release after 2 hours
RAIPUR: On the eve of Republic Day, Outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) on Saturday hijacked two buses and one pick up van carrying about 50 passengers and held them captive for two to three hours before releasing them near Katekalyan in Dantewada district in tribal Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. A report said the incident took place between Paknaar and Katekalyan where the rebels took these vehicles to an undisclosed destination in the forests. However, the vehicles were later found near Katekalyan police station.
All the passengers were unharmed. Sources said Maoists had pasted posters in the area opposing US President Barack Obama’s India visit. Chief minister Raman Singh is now in Jagdalpur town, the divisional headquarters of Bastar region, to attend Republic Day parade on Monday. ADGP (Naxal operations) RK Vij said that the buses were released and Naxalites wrote some slogans on the buses .
The recurring attacks on hotels and resorts by suspected Maoists have hit the prospects of the tourism industry in Wayanad district. The latest in the series of attacks was on the Tamarind Easy Hotel of the Kerala Tourism Development Corporation at Thirunelly on Sunday. Antisocial elements had attacked a private tourism resort adjacent to the hotel nearly a month ago. A forest outpost at Kunhome had been vandalised a few days ago. Normally, foreign tourists visit the district between mid-December and March-end, but tourist arrivals this time round have fallen by nearly 30 to 35 per cent, says K.R. Vancheeswaran, member of the executive committee of the Wayanad Tourism Organisation.
Cancellation of bookings has also increased considerably, he says. Though the Maoist threat is yet to seriously affect domestic tourist arrivals, it may have an impact on the industry if the government fails to address the issue effectively, says C.P. Shylesh, a member of the organisation.
Four key CPI (Maoist) militia members were arrested by the Visakhapatnam Police on Saturday for their involvement in the recent case of arson at an ashram in Agency area. The militia members destroyed the ashram of Simhachalam, the survivor in the Veeravaram incident. Arson case The arrested militia members are: Kotari Laxmaiah (35), (auto driver and kirana shop dealer), Kotari Venkata Raju (25), Seendri Appala Raju (29) and Korra Chittibabu (60). Three of them are hailing from Anarba village, while the fourth one is from Thadaveedhi of G. Madugula mandal. They allegedly provided logistic support in the case and supplied fuel which was used to burn the ashram and the excavator, Officer on Special Duty (Operations) Vishal Gunni told the media at Narsipatnam on Sunday.
Maoists call shutdown in Jharkhand over Obama’s visit
Latehar/Palamu, Jharkhand, Jan 26 (ANI): Maoists in Jharkhand called for a shutdown on Monday to protest US President Barack Obama’s visit. All roads and market places were deserted as very few people dared to come out in open. Residents said they were scared of stepping out of their houses. In another Maoist stronghold Palamu district, there was a curfew-like situation with very few vehicles on roads. Transport services were hit in the district as people were stranded at railway and bus stations.
KATHMANDU, JAN 26 – The CPN Maoist led by Netra Bikran Chand has said the path of consensus will be pursued only if the UCPN (Maoist) renounce the Constituent Assembly (CA). In a press meet organised in the Capital on Monday, CPN Maoist spokesperson Khadga Bahadur Biswokarma called on the leftist political forces to abandon what he termed the “reactionary CA.” “It would be just an illusion for the political parties including the UCPN (Maoist) to seek solution from within the reactionary Constituent Assembly (CA),” said the CPN Maoist spokesperson.
“We request all the leftist forces to get rid of the parliamentary illusion and resign to join the struggle for the people.” He said the CA Chairman Subas Nembang’s move to form a Questionnaire Committee was a total violation of peace accord. He added it would be meaningless to only stand as witness in the CA. “The possibility for consensus, cooperation and power sharing has been completely wiped out. It has move ahead by breaching the past agreements and peace process,” he said. The CPN Maoist was formed by the leaders who deserted Mohan Baidya led CPN-Maoist with the agenda of armed struggle in December, 2014.
An outlawed leader of the Purba Bangla Communist Party has been hacked to death by miscreants in Jugni area of Tangail sadar upazila. The deceased is Golam Rabbani, 40, regional commander of the outlawed party. Police recovered his body from Baghil area on Monday morning. Tangail police station OC Golam Mostafa told the Dhaka Tribune locals informed police after they noticed Rabbani’s body in the morning. Being informed, police rushed to the spot and sent the body to Tangail Medical College Hospital morgue for autopsy.
[As predicted by Comrade Siraj Sikder, the narrow nationalist movement of Chittagong Hill Tract surrendered in late 90s of the last century by the order of the Indian Expansionism. In exchange, the Awami Government, helped arresting leaders and cadres of Nationalist groups of North East of India stationed in Bangladesh, thus weakening that movement seriously. On the other side, during the time of Siraj Sikder, the Proletarian Party of East Bengal developed liberated areas in Chittagong Hill Tract, which eventually collapsed after his death due to wrong lines of the later periods — Sarbaharapath]
A narrow nationalist movement led by the feudal petit bourgeoisie among the Chakma nationality has been going on. They do not draw line of distinction between the exploiters and exploited of the Bengalis, but think all the Bengalis as enemy. They oppose the necessity of unifying with Bengalis for their liberation. They do not draw line of distinction between exploiters and exploited of the hilly nationalities. They do not promise of providing autonomy to various nationalities of Chittagong Hill Tract but demand autonomy or sometimes separation of the Chittagong Hill tract. The meaning of that demand is the seizure of power by the a little bourgeoisie enlightened majority Chakma nationality and their domination and suppression over other nationalities.
These narrow nationalists of Chakma nationality sometimes speak about Marxism and there are some who claim them as Marxist. But they do not recognize that what is one of the fundamental tenet of Marxism—internationalism ‘Workers of the whole world, unite!’, within a single territorial boundary, working class can have a single political party, Communists cannot divide based on nationalities, national problem is basically a class problem etc. These narrow nationalists do not have any political program, military or organizational line or line of actual work. They formed an armed force by the weapons of Pak military that they left, comprising ex-Razakars [Razakar was a genocidal Islamist Militia created by Pak military regime in 1971 to counter Bengali national movement — Sarbaharapath], feudal intellectuals, EPCAF [East Pakistan Civil Armed Force — Sarbaharapath]. With that, they forcefully collect money from villages, suppress bandits in some places, do decoity in some places and protect feudal reactionaries. In the recently held election in Chittagong Hill Tract, they forced people on gunpoint to vote their representatives.
Their organization is “Jana Sanghati”, PLA or (Santi Bahini); in some places, they are known as “Jungly” [Jana Sanghati (People’s Solidarity) and its armed wing Santi Bahini (Peace Force) were narrow Chakma Nationalist, basically supported by Indian Expansionism, later surrendered by Peace Agreement with Government in 1990s via Indian Expansionists. Thus, they lost their influence though a faction named United People’s Democratic Front still speaks of the old program. Both the faction have been weakened significantly — Sarbaharapath]. They do not have any anti-government activity. People are rapidly losing confidence on them. On the other side, work of the Proletarian party of East Bengal is rapidly developing in Chittagong Hill Tract. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal is on the side of unity of oppressed Bengali-Hilly people, their equal right and autonomy for each and every hilly nationality.
The Proletarian Party of East Bengal is organizing hilly people, and by depending on them, is fighting against Bangladesh puppet government and their hilly lackeys. Especially the Proletarian Party is unifying and organizing Hilly Jumia Peasants and Working People. The work of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal has rapidly spread. The Proletarian Party-led hilly people’s struggle is advancing forward through seizure of the Chandraghona Police Station in 1973, seizure of Parowa Police Post this year and Jum harvesting movement of Jumia peasants in reserve forest. The struggle led by the Proletarian Party of East Bengal has achieved sympathy and confidence form huge hilly people and hilly intellectuals.
The Proletarian Party of East Bengal made repeated proposals and efforts to jointly work with Janasanghati, PLA etc. Party talked with Manobendra Larma [Chakma Nationalist Leader — Sarbaharapath] too. But they remained stick to narrow nationalist outlook and did no response to the unity of oppressed hilly-Bengalis. Recently, being afraid of our rapid development in Chittagong Hill Tract, they arrested some of our cadres, carried torture on them and on gunpoint they forced some cadres’ relatives to sign bond that they must not work for the Proletarian Party. They are threatening our cadres of other areas by saying that they will attack and kill them. They propagated that wherever they find, they will annihilate the cadres of the Proletarian Party and Bengalis.
Those events have exposed the fascist reactionary character of the narrow nationalists. Had they been at least democratic bourgeoisie, they would recognize freedom of political work, speech, mobilizing and union and would not intervene on our work. But they are trying to establish single party dictatorship, bossism and fascism. Is there any difference between the character of these narrow nationalists and that of narrow nationalists of our country and other countries? The Awami League is guided by narrow nationalist reactionaries. They drew no difference between exploiters and exploited among Bengali-Bihari and treated all the Bihari as enemy. They, by violating others’ democratic right, established fascist dictatorship.
At last, they wrote bondage of slavery to India. The liberation of Hilly nationalities…..[Here Script is unclear — Sarbaharapath] Similarly, the narrow nationalist sections among Naga-Mijo etc nationalities of India surrendered and working as puppet of India. Therefore, the narrow nationalists, today or tomorrow surrender to national oppressor, and they cannot bring people’s liberation. The direction of activities of the narrow nationalists of Chittagong Hill Tract proves that they cannot bring liberation of the nationalities of Chittagong Hill Tract.
Moreover, they attack us to serve the interests of the Awami League traitors and Indian Expansionists. Either already they have shaken hands with Indian Expansionism and Awami League or in future they will do so. Their attack on us will not prevent their fall. They will not be able to suppress hilly people with the help of arms, nor will they be able to dismantle unity of Bengali-Hilly. Rather, soon, they will be overthrown and thrown to dustbin of history.
VISAKHAPATNAM: The CPI Maoists of the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB) area have called for a bandh on January 26 to protest against US president Barack Obama’s visit to India. In a press note, the Maoists’ Korukonda area committee secretary Vijayalakshmi urged the people to make the bandh a success and warned that those found associating with cops would be punished. She also clarified that the attack on preacher Simhachalam’s ashram in GK Veedhi was not meant to show off the naxal presence in the area, as alleged by Visakha Rural SP Koya Praveen.
She said Simhachalam was punished by the people for his illegal activities. Vijayalakshmi also said that the other 19 people, who were involved in the lynching of two Maoists in Korukonda, should surrender before the praja court, failing which their assets would be usurped. The two Maoists were killed by people four months ago for trying to abduct Simhachalam. She also accused the police of carrying out false propaganda against the Maoists on ganja and laterite smuggling. “Cops, in the guise of flushing out Maoists, have been trying to set up outposts in the Agency to enable bauxite mining. If they go ahead with their plans, tribals will take up a fight just like Alluri Seetarama Raju did to give a befitting reply to the cops,” she warned.
Security Beefed Up in C’garh in View of Naxal Threat on R-Day
RAIPUR: Security has been tightened in Chhattisgarh, especially in the Naxal-hit regions, in view of the Republic Day celebration tomorrow, police said. Stiff security arrangements have been put in place in the state, particularly in Bastar region to avoid any disturbances by the rebels during Republic day celebrations, a senior police official told PTI. “This time we are extra cautious, as naxals have put up posters and banners appealing people to boycott US President Barrack Obama’s visit, along with Republic day celebrations in Bastar,” the official said.
Naxals had been putting up banners and dropping pamphlets in several areas of Bastar from the past one week calling for a nationwide bandh on January 26. Armed guards have been deployed at all the important government establishments. Besides, patrolling has been intensified in the interior forest pockets and inter-state borders to check suspicious movements, he said. “Additional security arrangements have been put in place at the headquarters of each of the districts of Bastar division comprising Sukma, Dantewada, Bijapur, Narayanpur, Kondagaon, Kanker and Bastar districts,” the police official added.
Republic Day celebrations: Security tightened across Odisha
Bhubaneswar: Security has been tightened across Odisha, mainly in Maoist affected areas, for Republic Day celebrations Monday in view of intelligence warning about possible terror strike and call by Naxals to observe it as a ‘black day’. The state government has sounded a high alert in all the districts after the Intelligence Bureau warned about the possible terror attack. The SPs of all the districts have been asked to be on alert, while all the 18 marine police stations are told to be extra vigilant, DGP Sanjeev Marik said. In the state capital of Bhubaneswar where Governor S C Jamir is slated to unfurl the national flag, over 1,000 police personnel, quick action teams, counter-terrorist squads, bomb disposal squads and Special Operations Group jawans would be in place.
Raipur, Jan 25 (PTI) Two suspected Naxal supporters were arrested and a weapon and explosives allegedly seized from them in Chhattisgarh’s Gariyaband district. The two men – Shivlal Yadav (35) and Harish Chandra Chandrakar (38) – were apprehended from Bade Gobra village under Mainpur police station limits last evening, Gariyaband Additional Superintendent of Police L David told PTI today.
Suspected Maoists attack govt-owned hotel in Kerala’s Wayanad district
A budget hotel owned by a government undertaking in North Kerala’s Wayanad district was attacked allegedly by Maoists in the wee hours of Sunday, according to police. The reception counter and restaurant of Tamarind Easy Hotel, at Thirunelli, owned by Kerala Tourism Development Corporation, was vandalized by a six-member gang. They left posters protesting against India visit of US President Barack Obama. Quoting the hotel staff, police said the assailants threatened them not to venture out and inform anyone until they left the scene.
The gang did not attack any of the inmates of the hotel. Before leaving the hotel, they pasted pro-Maoist posters in the hotel vicinity. As usual, police have starting combing operation in the region, which had reported suspected Maoist presence in the past.
Ranchi: The state police have stepped up security after the CPI(Maoist) called a bandh on January 26 in protest against US President Barack Obama’s three-day trip to India. Giridih SP Kranti Kumar said Maoists have put up posters, announcing bandh on January 26, in villages in Giridih near the Jharkhand-Bihar border. Police in all districts — 22 of 24 districts in Jharkhand are Maoist-hit — have been alerted. DGP Rajiv Kumar has asked security forces to seal the Jharkhand-Chhattisgarh border in Gumla and Simdega districts and tighten security along the state’s borders with Bihar, West Bengal and Odisha that have Maoist presence. “The SPs have been asked to step up security at railway stations and important roads,” said Kumar.
A Maoist zonal commander, Madan Rai alias Jitendraji, was arrested on Friday morning from a village in Giridih near the Jharkhand-Bihar border. On Saturday, Giridih police found three powerful can bombs from GT Road under Dumri police station. “We had launched an operation after we received inputs that Maoists would gather to make strategies for January 26,” SP Kumar said. Chief of CRPF in Jharkhand R K Mishra said, “In the past too, Maoists had observed this day as black day. Anti-rebel operations will be heightened till then.” East Singhbhum district, where one cop was killed in a Maoist encounter on Thursday, and its neighbouring West Singhbhum are on high alert. Borders have already been sealed to check Maoist movement.
“We have deployed additional forces in sensitive areas,” said West Singhbhum SP N K Singh A Maoist press release said: “Imperialist America wants to loot the huge reserve of natural wealth (mineral deposits) and human capital India has, just the way British did.” The press release also criticizes Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s policies.
BERHAMPUR/ BHAWANIPATNA : Security was tightened in southern districts after Maoists announced to observe Republic Day as black day against US president Barack Obama’s visit. “We have alerted all security camps. Vehicle checking has started and patrolling intensified,” said SP (Kandhamal) K V Singh. In Phulbani, six platoons of forces would be deployed, he said. Women and child development minister Usha Devi is scheduled to unfurl the flag at Phulbani. Similar security measures were put in place in Gajapati.
Higher education minister Pradeep Panigrahy will hoist the Tricolour at Parlakhemundi. Police said adequate security measures will be taken in Ganjam too. A report from Bhawanipatna said Red rebels have put up posters, asking Obama to go back in Lanjigarh block. The extremists felled trees and blocked the road connecting Bijepur-Trilochanpur village to prevent movement of CRPF personnel to Niyamgiri forest. The CPI (Maoist) claimed responsibility for torching the midday meal vehicle in Lanjigarh’s Ijurpa village on January 21.