Maoists blast landmine; no policemen injured
Alertness saved police personnel involved in anti-Maoist operation from a landmine blast by the ultras near Lakhpadar village under Kalyansinghpur police station in Rayagada district of Odisha on Tuesday. An exchange of fire for over 45 minutes ensued between the ultras and the security personnel at the spot. No policeman was injured in the encounter. However, the Naxalites escaped taking advantage of the hilly jungle terrain. It was suspected that some of them may be injured. IED, live ammo found During the search operation in the region, one Improvised Explosive Device, five rounds of live ammunition, two Maoist kitbags containing articles of their day-to-day use, medicines, Maoist uniform and literature were recovered.
Books on how to learn Odia were also recovered hinting that the ultras were from outside Odisha and trying to learn local language. According to Rayagada Superintendent of Police K. Siva Subramani, the incident occurred at around 9.45 a.m. when a team of the Odisha Police was to start combing the Niyamgiri hill area for the Maoists. Near Lakhpadar village, the ultras blasted a landmine targeting these security personnel, who due to alertness were able to save themselves from the blast. The Maoists hiding at the spot then opened fire at the police team. Initially the police personnel asked the ultras to surrender but when they did not, the cops retaliated.
Two women among five Naxals held in C’garh
Raipur, Feb 3 (PTI) Five Naxals, including two women, were today arrested during a search operation conducted by security forces in insurgency-hit Sukma district of Chhattisgarh, police said. The cadres were apprehended between Gandharpara and Muler villages under Gadiras police station limits, Sukma Additional Superintendent of Police Santosh Singh told PTI. A joint team of Special Task Force (STF), District Reserve Group (DRG) and district force launched a combing operation in the forests of Gadiras, located around 450 kms away from the state capital, based on a tip-off about the movement of the rebels, he said. While passing through Gandharpara-Muler, security forces spotted five suspects and rounded them up after a short chase, the ASP said adding that during the interrogation, they admitted to their involvement with CPI (Maoist).
Those arrested were identified as Vanjam Bandi (28), Madkam Sapa (45), Vanjam Joga (25) and two women ultras- Madvi Deve (25) and Kalmu Bhime, he said. Meanwhile, in a separate incident, two powerful improvised explosive devices (IEDs), allegedly planted by Naxals, were recovered today from an under-construction road in neighbouring Dantewada district. A joint team of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and district force found the explosives between Sameli and Aranpur villages under Aranpur police station limits, a senior police official told PTI.
“The explosives weighed 5 kgs each,” he added. While patrolling on the under-construction Aranpur road, security forces spotted the IEDs, kept in a steel container, along with detonators and electric wire. “The explosives were planted to harm security personnel involved in ensuring security to the construction works,” the official added. The explosives were immediately destroyed by the bomb disposal squad.
In 2011, five women comrades, political and military leaders of the guerrilla of TKP /ML-TIKKO, met death in an avalanche at the winter camp of the women’s committee.
Press Bulletin-April 2011
To the Press and Public:
5 martyrs of the TKP / ML-TIKKO dead in Dersim
In its statement of 20 April 2011, the TKP / ML-TIKKO committee of the Dersim region states that on 2 February 2011, 5 of the guerrilla fighters of the TKP / ML-TIKKO were killed after an avalanche . According to the statement of the Committee of the Dersim region, February 2, 2011 at 5am, an avalanche destroyed the Winter Camp of the Tikko woman’s committee and killed five women guerrillas.
1- Sefagul Kesgin: Code name, Eylem; born in Erzurum in 1977. She joined the guerrillas in 2007. She had the political role of political commissar of the TKP / ML-TIKKO committee of the Dersim Region.
2- Nursen Aslan: code name Emel; born in Tokat (Black Sea) in 1981. She joined the guerrillas in 1999. She was a advanced sympathizer TKP / ML. She had the role of commander in the TIKKO guerrilla of the Dersim region.
3- Gulizar Ozkan: Code name, Ozlem; born in 1967 in Dersim. She joined the guerrillas in 2005. She was a advanced sympathizer of TKP/ML. She had the role of commander in the TIKKO guerrilla of the Dersim region.
4- Fatma Acar: Code name, Dilek; born in 1983 in Mersin. She joined the guerrillas in 2006. She was a advanced sympathizer of TKP / ML. She had the role of commander in the TIKKO guerrilla of the Dersim region.
5- Derya Aras: Code name, Sevda: born in 1979 in Erzincan. She joined the guerrillas in 2009. She was a advanced sympathizer of TKP / ML. She had the role of rank and file combatant in the TIKKO guerrilla of the Dersim region.
Although just after the landslide, immediate intervention took place, only the lifeless bodies of our five comrades were found. The Committee of the Dersim Region further states that, including comade Sefagul Kesgin, the martyrdom of our five comrades is a great loss for our organization. We know that sacrifice and death is a part of our war. In order to bear the cost of these heavy losses we will concentrate on our fight with all our capabilities and strength and will strengthen the struggle that was launched with us by our martyrs in a way that these comrades deserve.
Our five comrades have left a trace on this page of history. They took leading roles in our war and showed oppressed women the road to freedom. Their lives, like their sacrifice was a rebellion against the oppression of women for hundreds of years and their rebellion will illuminate the path of comrades who will continue the fight. We can only keep our comrades alive with their weapons we have recovered in the struggle for people’s democratic revolution, socialism and communism.
As the international office of TKP / ML we know that the way of the world proletarian revolution is a path full of commitment, sacrifice and determination. The path to the final victory can be achieved only through the knowledge of the world proletarian revolution and its ideology Marxim-Leninism-Maoism. This is why we call on all revolutionary and communist forces to take care of the memory of the martyrdom of our comrades Sefagul Kesgin, Nursen Aslan, Gulizar Ozkan, Fatma Acar, Derya Aras.
Long live Proletarian Internationalism!
Long Live the People’s War!
Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!
International Relations Office of the TKP /ML
Naxal killed in encounter with security forces in C’garh
A Naxal was today gunned down in a fierce encounter with security forces in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Kanker district, police said. The skirmish took place in the forests of Kesekodi under Koyalibeda police station limits between a joint team of security personnel and ultras, Kanker Superintendent of Police Jitendra Singh Meena told PTI. A composite team of Border Security Force (BSF), Special Task Force (STF) and district force was carrying out an anti-Naxal operation in the south of Koyalibeda, located around 250 kms away from here, the SP said.
When they were cordoning off a forested patch in Kesekodi, a group of armed cadres opened indiscriminate fire on them following which a gun-battle broke out between the two sides, Meena added. However, after around an hour of the ensuing gunfight, Naxals fled to the dense forests, he said. During a search, body of a Maoist, one SLR rifle and its magazines were recovered, the official said. According to the officer, the identity of the killed Maoist will be ascertained once the party will reach back to its camp as the operation was still underway in the region. With this encounter, 24 ultras have so far been killed in separate gun-battles in the Bastar region this year, police said.
NINETEEN NAXALS HELD; IED DEFUSED
Nineteen Maoists including five carrying cash rewards on their heads were arrested during separate operations carried out by security forces in Naxal-infested Sukma district, police said on Monday. A joint contingent of 206th battalion CoBRA, 150th battalion of CRPF, DRG and District Police had started on an anti-Naxal operation from Chintagufa police station limits, Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) Sukma, Santosh Singh informed. During the operation, the police party nabbed 12 Maoists from Minpa village. They were involved in the attack on security personnel during Lok Sabha Elections 2014, in which three jawans were martyred, while five, were injured, the ASP said.
A muzzle gun, loud speaker, mike, wireless receiver, cordex wire, electric wire and other items were seized from their possession, Singh said. In a similar operation undertaken in the limits of Gadiras police station, six suspected Maoists were held. They were involved in incidents like arson, setting vehicles on fire involved in construction work, blocking roads and similar. Among Maoists arrested from Gadiras, Hungi carried a reward of `5,000 on his arrest while SP Sukma had declared reward of `2,000 each on arrests of Kosa and Deva, the ASP said adding cash reward of `1,000 was also announced on Dule and Gangi. All of them have been arrested. Further, during a search operation at Kuknar police station limits, a member of Naxal outfit Dandkaranya Kisan Adivasi Majdoor Sangh (DKAMS) was also nabbed. While, in a different action, an IED weighing about 8 kg was detected and defused by CRPF and District Police personnel in Bhejji police station limits, the ASP said.
Maoist detained by police
CPI (Maoist) Charla Local Organising Squad (LOS) commander S. Bojji alias Anjanna, was reportedly detained by the police from a chilli field on Monday. Sources said that Bojji was apprehended while he was taking shelter in a chilli field on the outskirts of Battinapalli in the early hours of the day. Bojji, who is also member of the Venkatapuram Area Committee of the outfit, carries a cash reward of Rs. 4 lakh on his head. He has several cases pending against him in various police stations. The police, however, did not confirm the arrest.
Maoist camp busted, landmine recovered in Rayagada
Bhubaneswar: The police and Maoists exchanged fire after a landmine explosion at Lakhpadar near Niyamgiri Hill in Rayagada district on Tuesday. According to reports, two rebels were gunned down in the gun battle held between the police and Naxalites. No police causalities was reported in the gun battle. In further development by the police Maoist camp was busted and five live bullets along with a landmine was recovered from the camp site. Previously, Maoists at Dalianuji village under Muniguda Police Station had created terror by torching a JCB machine and a tractor engaged in road construction work. The police have launched a combing operation in the area to nab the Red rebels.
Suspected Maoist produced in court
A suspected Maoist, Ranjith, was produced before the Judicial Magistrate Court I here on Monday. Judicial Magistrate C.B. Vedagiri adjourned the case till February 15. Police claimed that the accused was in Kodaikanal with Naveen Prasad, who was gunned down in an encounter with the police, and was engaged in weapon training. The police had brought Ranjith from Tiruchi prison. – Staff Reporter
Close aide of Maoist zonal commander arrested
A close aide of CPI (Maoist) zonal commander Arvindji was today arrested from Mohuadand market in Left Wing Extremism affected district of Latehar in Jharkhand. Rahmatullah Khan alias Tullaji was arrested when police, acting on a tip-off, raided the market, where he had gone to buy provisions for the Maoist zonal commander, now hiding in Pundag in adjoining Chhattisgarh, DIG (Kolhan) Saket Kumar Singh said. Two live cartridges were seized from him, Singh said adding his interrogation is on. Rahamatullah, a native of Chunchun village in Balarampur distirct of Chhattisgarh, had been in prison thrice in the past.
Two SSB personnel injured in IED blast in Chhattisgarh
Two Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) personnel were injured in an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) explosion triggered by the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres in Kanker District on February 1, reports The Hindu. The blast occurred when the Security Force (SF) personnel were patrolling to ensure security to the under-construction railway track between Kacche and Bhaismudi villages in Bhanupratappur region, Kanker Superintendent of Police (SP) Jitendra Singh Meena said. “Constables Ayon Mandal and Parmanand Maurya have sustained superficial injuries in the blast,” the SP added. Preliminary probe revealed that the IED, placed in a pressure cooker, was planted under a heap of murrum, around 30 metres away from the under-construction railway track, the SP said.
In the shadow of an upcoming iron ore mine in Chhattisgarh, people live in fear of the gun
Increased BSF presence and arbitrary arrests are muting the local resistance to the mining in Rowghat range of hills.
When Anup* of Albeda village was walking home at dusk one July evening, seven policemen approached him from behind and told him he was under arrest. He says he was beaten brutally and taken to the Kanker police station. No case was filed against him. For ten days he was made to squat on the floor and kept tied to a table. “I repeatedly pleaded with them to at least tell me why I was arrested,” he said. “But the police were mum.”
After ten days, he was summoned by the superintendent of police Jeetendra Singh Meena and forced to sign on a blank sheet of paper. “They said if I do not sign on the paper, I could not go home,” Anup said. While his family was tense about his whereabouts, they could not approach the police. They knew better. “Just weeks before my husband was arrested, our neighbour was picked up,” said Anup’s wife. “When his wife approached the police, she was harassed and sexually abused.” He was eventually set free after 28 days.
The superintendent of police was not available for a comment at the police station and has not responded to phone calls from Scroll.in. The residents of Albeda village in Chhattisgarh’s Kanker district suspect the reason for Anup’s arrest was his close connections to the Rowghat Sangharsh Samiti, an organisation that has been opposing the Rowghat iron ore mines since the mid-1990s….
Armed Maoists set ablaze camp office of contractor in Koraput
Armed Maoists have set fire to several vehicles parked in the camp office of a contractor at Tuapadar, about 100 kms from here under Potangi block in Koraput district. Police today said nearly 30 to 40 armed Maoists, belonging to Srikakulum division, arrived at the camp of the contractor last night and asked the Supervisor and other workers to vacate the camp office.
The Red rebels then set ablaze six JCP machines, one tractor and two pumps of the camp office and fled the scene leaving some leaflets at the spot. Police said the Maoists had earlier threatened the Supervisor to stop the work of the Tuapadar-Tunia road as they apprehended that after the construction of the road work, a police camp office will be set up there to counter the Naxal activities.
Police start survey of 40 Maoist-affected villages in Balaghat
Madhya Pradesh police have started a house-to-house survey of 40 Naxalite-hit villages in Balaghat district to ensure sympathisers in the area are unable to hide rebel leaders who use them as hideouts, an official said on Sunday. The survey will also give police a fair idea about the requirements and needs of villagers so that they could benefit through various government initiatives to bridge the existing trust deficit, said Gaurav Tiwari, Balaghat superintendent of police.
“We have started surveys in 40 villages in Baihar and Lanji areas of the district where people are known to be Maoist sympathisers over the years… The rebels use these villages to hide when they are on the run from security forces in the neighbouring districts of Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra,” he said. “Once they are in these villages they hide their weapons, and it is difficult to identify them. So this survey will help us to know the exact number of people in each household and village…,” Tiwari told Hindustan Times over phone.
Asked how the surveys were being conducted, he said police were taking the help of sarpanchs and other officials in the villages to ensure it was “as accurate as possible”. “Once the survey is complete, we will start various initiatives like providing vocational training to the women in the villages and help them in getting their children admitted to schools and provide scholarships to them,” he said. “We will hold medical camps in the villages. We will try to engage unemployed men in various government projects according to their skill sets. “…This way we will try to bridge the trust deficit and make them realise that they should not help the rebel leaders as the government was doing everything possible for them,” he said. “It may not happen overnight, but we are on the right track.”
On the Maoist presence in the district, he said the rebels use Balaghat area primarily as a transit point and as hideouts. “In Balaghat, there are two main Maoist dalams or local units of the rebels with more than 30 active members, who keep moving between the three states,” he said Asked about reports that said rebels had distributed pamphlets in Bilalkasa village of the district recently threatening that they would “punish” the superintendent of police (SP) and inspector general of police (IG) of Balaghat, he said police had found just one pamphlet with such a threat. “Generally they distribute many pamphlets. Just one pamphlet threatening the SP and IG could be the mischief of some local Maoist sympathizer,” he said.
Maoist held in construction co attack case
Aurangabad: Two years after the Maoists attacked MVL Construction Company at Jajapur under Goh police station, Aurangabad police on Saturday arrested one of the accused and hardcore Maoist Subhash Yadav. The arrested Maoist is a native of Temmura village under Rafiganj police station and was involved in Jajapur incident. SP Babu Ram said the arrested Maoist was planning to commit some crime with his associate Sashibhusan Sharma.
He said acting on a tip-off, a police team of Pouthu police station led by its SHO Arvind Kumar conducted raid at Temmura village and arrested Subhash while his associate managed to escape under the cover of darkness. A country-made pistol with four live cartridges and mobile phone was recovered from the possession of the arrested Maoists. The SP said he was also wanted in connection with torching of a heavy machine engaged in construction work in the district.
Maoists torch 8 vehicles of road construction firm in Saranda
Jamshedpur, Jan. 31: After inspecting the road construction work in Gua forest area under Saranda two months back, Kolhan Commissioner Arun Kumar and Jharkhand Director General of Police (DGP) R K Dhan had claimed said that Maoists have fled Saranda. Following this statement, villagers were living without fear and development work also picked momentum in the area. However, contrary to their belief and the claims by the two officials, suspected Maoists struck again and set ablaze eight vehicles engaged in a road construction work in Ghatkuri and adjacent Pipri Sai Village in Rowan under Gua police station area of West Singhbhum district in the wee hours, at around 1.30 a.m., of Sunday.
All the eight vehicles have been burnt to ashes and it is being told that Maoists are trying to interrupt the constriction work of the 28 km road from Gua to Salai. “We have received information that a group of CPI (Maoists) gathered at the construction sites at Ghatkuri and Rowan villages and torched four dumpers, one grading machine and three JCV about 2 a.m.,” West Singhbhum superintendent of police, Michael Raj S said today. Police said the guerrillas raided an office of a construction company in Ghatkuri village in West Singhbhum and set ablaze six dumpers and two excavators following the company’s refusal to pay levy.
The construction company was engaged in the road construction work in the villages for the past ten days, he said, adding that the security personnel have launched a search operation to track down the ultras. Naxals are also trying to show their dominancy in the Rowan area of the region. Jharkhand government through Ramkripal Construction Company has plans to build road from Nuiya to Rowan village, but this strike by the Maoists has blocked the construction work of the much needed road in the region.
The Unification Process
For several years already, Maoists are re-establishing their territory in France. This effort has taken a new turn when, in 2012, comrades from the Maoist Communist Party of France (PCM) and members of the ROCML subsequently left and joined the International Conference in Support of the People’s War in India which took place in Hamburg. A series of joint activities were held by the comrades from PCM and ROCML including the trainings in July 2013 which also involved comrades who are not members of any organizations. As a result of these activities, the comrades decided to lead a unification process for all Maoists in France. Commissions were then put in place to establish the ideological basis for unification.
During the process, ideological struggles emerged which, unfortunately led to the departure of some comrades, but at the same time strengthened the unity of those who were actively participating to improve the process. The Bloc Rouge was formed to organize the Unification Congress of Maoists. This is the result of our theoretical and practical work.
The Bloc Rouge has developed the fight in several fronts such as the struggle for workers’ and migrants’ rights; proletarian feminism; struggles against repression, police brutality and state fascism; and support to the people’s war led by Maoist parties around the world.
Moreover, the basis of unity covering issues on Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the working class, the organization of the people’s war, proletarian feminism, immigration, ecology, and fascism was established by the Congress. These subjects are the contents of an ongoing publication and our program can already be seen on our website.
From the Unification Congress of Maoists, the Maoist Communist Party is born. This is only the first step in rebuilding the Party in France, but the basic foundation has already been laid down.
Our strategic line
Our society is a class society, in which some classes have irreconcilable interests. This is particularly true between the proletariat–which possesses only the labor power and strength of the workers; and the bourgeoisie–which monopolizes the means of production (factories, land, resources, etc.).
Our era, as Lenin defined, is that of imperialism and proletarian revolution. Imperialism is the highest stage of capitalism in which finance capital dominates over the economy. The ruling imperialist bourgeoisie seeks by all possible means to accumulate its profit at an ever increasing rate based on the exploitation of the proletariat. In this stage of imperialism, increasing wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few who exploits a growing number of proletarians. It is evident today that there is an increasing number of toiling masses, both men and women, while only a handful possesses the vast majority of the world’s wealth and resources.
The only way to overthrow a system that thrives on war and exploitation and oppression of the poor is through proletarian revolution–the seizure of political power through the dictatorship of the proletariat. The path of the revolution in imperialist countries is, therefore, that of socialist revolution. But as history taught us, the bourgeoisie will never let go of its power peacefully because the whole system is tailored to ensure its political domination and continue its profit accumulation through the exploitation of the labor power of the working class. The seizure of power is impossible without revolutionary class violence and the destruction of the bourgeois state apparatuses. This lesson was already laid down by Karl Marx after the Paris Commune in 1871. The power of one class over another cannot be reversed without violence.
The strategy to achieve this objective is that of People’s War, which gives all possible means available to the proletariat to allow them to successfully move towards the seizure of power from the ruling class; nothing will be excluded, every means, methods, and forms of struggle that are necessary will be employed to achieve the ultimate objective of overthrowing the ruling system. The Party will deploy different tactics in strategic places and time.
The People’s War is the universal strategy of the proletariat to seize the power from the bourgeoisie. This is the unification of the historical experiences of struggle of the proletariat. The People’s War is the war waged by the toiling masses against the bourgeois class dictatorship.
But the People’s War cannot be waged without the necessary instruments of the revolution.
The three instruments of the revolution
The Party provides the leadership of the revolution. It ensures the unity of its members and all revolutionaries. For without a revolutionary party, the working class is disorganized and cannot defeat capitalism. The most advanced and determined among the proletariat must lead and build the Party.
Today’s Communist Party is based on the ideological foundations of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the most advanced theory and practice reached by Marxism.
It is based on all the historical experiences of the international proletariat, particularly the Paris Commune, the Russian Revolution led by the Communist Party until 1953, and the Chinese revolution led by the Communist Party until 1976.
In the case of China, particular attention must be given to the period of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution–the first historical experience of mobilizing the broad masses in the struggle against capitalist restoration; and to the advancement to socialist construction.
In France, from the Paris Commune, to the great strikes of 36, the anti-fascist resistance, May 68 and all the struggles of the Proletarian Left in the 70s are all part important part of the revolutionary history.
The United Front
The Party is not enough to wage the revolution. It has to develop a strong movement that will advance the revolutionary struggle. These movements must be able to create a strong counterpart against the ruling State-power. These movements must empower the proletariat and the masses. They are not a fighting force, but stable, self-governing organizations independent from political parties, social-democratic organizations, revisionists and opportunists.
These movements make up the Front that brings together all those who are united to fight against the capitalists, the bourgeoisie and the state, and gathers the broad masses who support the revolution because it believes that “the masses are the ones who create history.”
The Fighting Force
The Fighting Force is the armed wing of the Party, it is an indispensable military tool of the People’s War to successfully seize political power – it would be a terrible mistake to set this aside. The bourgeoisie has the influence and control over the armed forces of the State and their fascist allies, therefore, the communists must have a strong military force capable of leading the armed revolution.
The Fighting Force must at all times be under the leadership of the Party following the basic principle that states “the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party”.
The development of a fighting force is necessary; however, it must correspond to the objective strength of the revolutionary movement and the intensity of class struggle.
The People’s War is the only way to absolutely overthrow the current rotting system of capitalism. The three instruments of the revolution provide the working class and the masses the means to fight back and seize the political power from the bourgeoisie.
Some questions on the revolution in our country
There are several questions that continue to arise about the revolution. First is about whose interest does the revolution serve. In the case of France, which is the leading imperialist country that is at war in almost all regions of the planet, it is primarily the proletariat or the working class. The proletariat finds basic alliances with other classes and sectors such as small farmers, traders and artisans, intellectuals and professionals.
Our primary task as communists is to organize the proletariat wherever they may be, i.e. in factories and enterprises, in construction sites, in neighborhoods, and in professional and technical high schools and CFA.
These are the places we target to hold our activities.
Several forms of exploitation and oppression exist and we must take them into account in order to develop our strategy.
So the question on fighting for workers’ rights is paramount. Therefore, we organize within factories and enterprises, and other places to support and win over their struggles.
The specific question on women’s oppression is an integral part of the labor question because women workers suffer additional oppression and exploitation than men. They are paid less, subjected to more precarious working conditions, they are still expected to do domestic work, and suffer various types of physical and sexual harassment. The proletarian women are those who stands to gain the most from the revolution, and this is why it is essential to develop proletarian feminism based on class and class struggle.
The issue of immigration is also part of the labor question as proletarian immigrants are our class brothers and sisters. They also suffer further oppression and do not have the same rights as other workers. Racism is still thrives at present and is rooted in the imperialist character of our country. The bourgeoisie does not hesitate to use the contradictions that exist among the people to divide them. They sow hatred among immigrant proletarians against one another. We fight for the unity of the working class in its diversity.
Due to the deepening economic crisis, the bourgeoisie is able to utilize all the opportunities to strengthen its class domination, including the use of fascism. This is further intensified through the strengthening of the State police force and making the provisions for a permanent state of emergency.
The so-called “fight against terrorism” is only a facade to continue their attacks against workers’ conquests and further divide the people into making them believe that the current conflict is a conflict of civilizations and not a class conflict.
We develop the revolutionary class struggle against fascism inseparable from the anti-capitalist struggle and the Republican fascism which makes us believe that the solution is in the ballot while in reality it only puts the fascists in power.
Finally, we defend the rights of the minorities, of national minorities, LGBTI, the rights that the working class had successfully fought for; we stand for the right to abortion, on the issue of housing, on access to universal health, and sustainable cost of living, in short, everything related to the daily life of the masses.
Our struggle is the struggle of the working class and its allies, we connect our struggle at the international level. We develop the anti-imperialist struggle, above all against our own imperialism but also against the other imperialist powers: we cannot support one imperialist against another.
We also support the People’s War led by Maoist Communist Parties around the world as the highest form of anti-imperialist struggle and as bearers of the revolutionary alternative that will triumph.
We take part in the reconstruction of an international center of Maoist forces as an indispensable tool for the development of Maoist Communist Parties and development of People’s Wars.
It is time to break with the sterile protest!
It is high time to develop our fighting tools, alongside our class brothers and sisters around the world to end this system of exploitation, oppression, war and misery!
Move forward together in the consolidation of the Maoist Communist Party of the revolution in the service of the working class and the masses!
Long live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!
Long live the world proletarian revolution!
January 16, 2016
2015 saw lowest Naxal violence in 6 years
New Delhi: Maoists-hit states witnessed lowest violence in six years with casualties and incidents coming down substantially in 2015. While nearly one lakh paramilitary personnel continued to be deployed in left wing extremism-affected areas, the 10 Naxal-hit states—Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh—saw 226 deaths in 1,088 incidents of violence perpetrated by Maoists last year.
According to home ministry statistics, in 2010, there were 2,213 incidents of violence in which 1,005 people lost their lives and in 2011, a total of 611 people were killed in 1,760 incidents. In 2014, there were 1,091 incidents of Maoist violence in the 10 states in which 310 people lost their lives. In 2015, of the 226 deaths, 168 were civilians and 58 were security forces personnel. As many as 89 Maoists were also killed and 1,668 were arrested and 570 cadres surrendered before authorities during the year. In 2014, out of the 310 casualties, 222 were civilians and 88 personnel of security forces. A total of 63 Naxals were killed that year, while 1,696 cadres were arrested and 676 others surrendered.
The Maoists attacks on security forces have also come down—from 155 in 2014 to 118 in 2015 while encounters between security forces and the rebels have increased—from 221 in 2014 to 247 in 2015. In 2015, a total of 723 arms were recovered from Naxals by the security forces, 18 arms were snatched by the Maoists and 18 arms training camps were held by the rebels. In 2014, as many as 548 arms were recovered, 58 arms were snatched and 34 arms training camps were held by the Maoists. PTI
Bihar police officer killed in encounter with Maoist supporters
A police official was killed on Saturday in an encounter with alleged Maoist sympathisers in the Naxal-affected Munger district of Bihar. Later, in police firing, two tribal people were injured after they laid siege to a police station. Police said that on a tip-off a police team led by ASP Navin Kumar went to Lathiakoresi village to arrest a suspected Maoist Lallan Koda but in the exchange of fire, an Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI), Bhavesh Singh, posted at Dharhara police station of Munger district, suffered bullet injuries.
“The injured was brought to the Sadar hospital where doctors declared him dead”, said Varun Sinha, Munger Superintendent of Police. A Maoist sympathiser was also injured in the firing. Later, protesting the police operation the villagers, mostly tribal, gheraoed the neighbouring Piri police station which forced the policemen to take shelter inside the premises for sometime. Two villagers injured Two of the villagers have said to be injured in the police firing. “Reinforcement has been done to the police station where situation is tense but under control now”, said a senior police official at Patna headquarters.
Two Naxals killed in Chhattisgarh
Two Naxals, who were allegedly involved in the murder of a Sarpanch last year, were killed in a fierce gun-battle on Sunday with security forces in Chhattisgarh’s worst insurgency-hit Sukma district, police said. The skirmish took place this afternoon at Vanjalvaya village under Golapalli police station limits between a joint team of security personnel and the ultras, Inspector General of Police, Bastar Range S.R.P Kalluri said. Acting on specific inputs provided by intelligence agencies, a compact contingent of Special Task Force (STF) and District Reserve Group (DRG) had launched an operation from Kistaram police station towards Golappali – a Maoist stronghold in south Bastar, located around 500 kms away from here, the officer said. Sensing their presence near Vanjalvaya, a group of armed cadres opened indiscriminate firing on them prompting security forces to retaliate, the IG said.
According to Kalluri, however, after around an hour of the ensuing gunfight, the Naxals fled to the dense forests. During the search in the forests, body of two Maoists clad in ‘uniform’ besides two muzzle loading guns, ‘pitthus’ (bags) and Maoist literature were recovered from the spot, he added. Police said those killed were identified as Dusra Dharma (35) — Janatana Sarkar (peoples’ government) head and Vetti Raju (25), head of Dandakaranya Adivasi Kisan Majdoor Sangthan (DAKMS) — a frontal outfit of Maoist. The duo was allegedly involved in killing the Sarpanch of Golapalli Sunnam Hidma in March last year, the IG said, adding they were also wanted in other incidents of violence in the region. With this encounter, 23 ultras have so far been killed in separate gun-battles in the Bastar region this month, the IG said.
1 killed in cross firing between ultra outfits
One civilian was killed in a cross firing between activists of two rival ultra outfits at Bandgaon in Maoist-affected West Singhbhum distirct, a senior police officer today said. The firing between CPI (Maoists) and People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI) took place on Friday afternoon at Pondegar in Maoist-affected Bandgaon police station area, Superintendent of Police, Michael Raj said. Raj said one civilian, who was caught in the cross firing, was killed in the incident. Several rounds of shots were exchanged between the two outfit members before they dispersed. A massive search operation was launched by security personnel to track down the ultras, he added.
Report of 12 arrests in Sukma.
Maoists murder villager for refusing to join their ranks
The body of a villager who was abducted by Maoists two days ago for refusing to join their ranks was today found in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh, police said. The body of the victim, identified only as Hidma, was found lying in a pool of blood on the outskirts of his native village Madiyaras Korra, about 450 km from here, Santosh Singh, Sukma, Additional Superintendent of Police, told PTI over phone.
2 ‘Red levy collectors’ arrested in Gomia
Bokaro: Two men were arrested from the Belataad forest in Gomia block on Friday for “collecting levy” for the CPI(Maoist). The joint team of CoBRA and CRPF jawans and the district police personnel also seized firearms and ammunition from their possession. The duo, identified as Mansu Manjhi (47) and Laldhan Manjhi (42) , worked for Maoist leader Santosh Mahto, who is active in the Jhumra area, extorted money from private contractors and owners of stone crushers and had spread terror in Mahuataad area for the past few months.
Four others – Dinesh Manjhi, Dhaneshwar Manjhi, Babuchand Manjhi and Manga Majhi – also work with the duo in collecting levy and Dinesh heads the extortion wing, the police said. The arrest of Mansu and Laldhan, both residents of Putkadih, has helped the police get vital information about the rebels in the area. Police raids are on to arrest the other four. “The duo were involved in demanding levy from a prominent road construction company, Dilip Buildicon Limited, which is engaged in constructing the four-lane national highway between Bokaro and Ramgarh. Maoists have demanded 10% of the total project cost as levy from the company. Besides, the arrested Maoists had also sent letter demanding levy to three crusher owners and a contractor building bridge at Narki in Gomia,” said Ramesh. The police have intensified security in the Maoist-affected areas.
Two Women Among 3 Naxals Killed in Chhattisgarh
RAIPUR: Three naxals, including two women, were today gunned down by security forces at two different places in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Bastar division, taking the total number of ultras killed in separate gun-battles in the region this month to 21. The women ultras were killed in a skirmish which occurred in the dense forests of Polampall police station area of Sukma district while a joint team of security forces was carrying out an anti-naxal operation in the area, Inspector General of Police Bastar Range SRP Kalluri told PTI.
A composite squad of Special Task Force (STF), District Reserve Group (DRG) and local police, around 200 in number, had launched the operation in the restive forests of Polampalli, around 450 kms away from the state capital, this morning, he said. On reaching Palamadugu village forests, security forces spotted a group of armed rebels following which an encounter broke out between both the sides, the IG said. However, after around an hour of the ensuing gunfight, naxals fled to the dense forests, he said.
During searches at the spot, bodies of two women Maoists besides a country-made pistol, two muzzle loading guns, detonators, Maoist uniforms, live round of Insas and SLR rifles and articles of daily use were recovered, he added. The killed ultras were identified as Vanjam Shanti and Vanjam Pojje and both were active as militia members of Palamadugu range committee of Maoists, he said. In another incident, a naxal trainer identified as Ramsu was killed in the forests of Awapalli police station area of the neighbouring Bijapur district, the IG said. A joint team of DRG and district force led by Additional Superintendent of Police Indira Kalyan Elesela was mobilised towards the interiors of Awapalli based on an information about the movement of ultras in the region, he said.
While they were cordoning off a forested patch near Punnur village, some armed cadres opened indiscriminate firing on them prompting security forces to retaliate, he said. After the intermittent firing stopped, security personnel recovered the body of an ultra along with a weapon, he said. Ramsu was deployed as a trainer of new recruits in the Awapalli Local Organisation Squad (LOS) of Maoists, he added.
Now, Maoists threaten to launch ‘Operation Break’
Aurangabad: Two days after the landmine blast at Hussainabad in Palamu, Maoists on Thursday claimed the incident took place to avenge the Bandh Gorya encounter under the Dhibra police station area in Aurangabad district, in which four Maoists were killed. A statement released on behalf of CPI (Maoist) central zone spokesman Pramjeet claimed that the organization would launch ‘Operation Break’ against security personnel and engage them in encounters to give them a befitting reply.
He added the police were cheating the people in the name of Operation Vishwas launched to generate a sense of security among them. A police officer said all the 29 police stations in Aurangabad district were on high alert and borders of the district sealed, after the Hussainabad blast. “A joint operation will be carried out with the Jharkhand police against the Maoists,” said Aurangabad SP Babu, adding the district police were set to launch a massive operation against the Maoists with the jawans of CRPF, COBRA, SSB, STF and DAP. Police patrolling parties were targeted under Dhibra and Tandowa police station areas two years ago in which several policemen, including the SHO of Tandawa police station, were killed.
Another SHO of Dhibra police station had a narrow escape in the incident. The office of Deo block development officer was also blown in 2009. Several school buildings and community halls were targeted by the Maoists as the securitymen engaged in anti-Naxal operations took shelter there. A villager at Madanpur and a chowkidar were also gunned down by Maoists recently.
Hard core naxalite killed in encounter, SP injured in Jamui
A hardcore naxalite carrying reward of Rs 30 lakhs on his head in Jharkhand and Bihar, was killed and an SP (operation) sustained splinter injuries in a fierce encounter with police in naxalite dominated Jamui district late last night. While the Maoist identified as Chirag, who carried a reward of Rs 25 lakh in Jahrakhand and Rs 5 lakh in Bihar, was killed, the Police Superintendent (operation) Deevakar Narain Pandey survived with a splinter injury in the encounter in a dense forest under Charka Pathar police station in the district.
Mr Pandey told UNI that three rifles including one earlier looted from police and a 9mm sophisticated pistol were recovered from the spot and a few naxalites were injured. Giving details of the encounter, he said a joint team of CRPF and local police conducted raid at the hide-out of Maoists and in the encounter that followed top Maoist commander was killed. When the police team raided their hide-out, naxalites opened fire and the police retaliated resulting into a fierce encounter, Mr Pandey said adding that the body of naxalite had been sent for postmortem.
…DGP P K Thakur said, “The operation was conducted at Bishanpur, Mundnela, Charkapathar, Kathabar, Amkoli villages falling under Charkapathar and Khaira police stations. The search operation is still going on as the area is densed forest so the forces could not conduct the search operation in the night. An unarmed vehicle (UAV) from Villai was requisitioned for assistance in the operation. The UAV images taken on Saturday morning were quite useful for the security forces.” An official of CRPF said, ,”The area is dominated by tribal population and hilly terrain, close to Jharkhand. A chopper from Jharkhand police was used for air surveillance. Chirag was one of the top most wanted extremist for security forces.”
ASI Killed in Encounter With Maoist Supporters
MUNGER: An Assistant Sub Inspector of Police was killed in an encounter between police and supporters of Maoists in Bihar’s maxal-hit Munger district today. Superintendent of Police Varun Sinha said that the Maoist supporters attacked the police over arrest of suspected Maoist Lallan Koda during combing operation in Lathiakoresi village of Munger. They opened fire on police forces resulting in death of ASI Bhavesh Singh posted at Dharhara police station. He was brought to sadar hospital in a critical condition where doctors declared him as brought dead, the SP said. The SP said a Maoist supporter was injured when the police returned the fire.
Palamu attack rings alarm bells in Dumka
Dumka: The Maoist attack in Palamu has set alarm bells ringing in Dumka, especially after increased activities of the rebel outfit in different pockets of Maoist dominated areas. A team of security forces had also found explosives and Maoist literature in an abandoned camp in the neighbouring Gopikandar block a week ago. “Although the rebels managed to escape before the security forces could reach their camp, it was for the first time that long range patrolling parties had penetrated the deep forests and tough terrains,” Dumka SP Vipul Shukla said.
Rebel groups active in the district recently torched five JCB machines in Shikaripara block of the district in broad day light on January 11 afternoonafter a prolonged gap after the ambush on security personal in the Lok Sabha elections. Altogether, 10 policemen and election workers had died in the Shikaripara ambush. Shukla said new recruits were included in the rebels’ armed squad which had been trying to create a reign of terror by extorting levy from the contractors. He, however, denied regrouping of the rebels after the arrest of frontline activists in the aftermath of the Lok Sabha attack. “There is nothing to panic about here after the Palamu incident as the security forces have achieved dominance over the rebels. Long range patrolling is done regularly in the areas identified to be their dens,” Shukla said.
The left Bolivarian armed organization Fuerzas Bolivarianas de Liberación detonated four pamphlet bombs outside the National Assembly in Caracas on the 26th.
The communique issued for the action denounced the supporters of the Maduro government as the “red right” and observed: “We must cast aside illusions and prepare for struggle, there is no peaceful solution to the crisis and they know it…Only the people can save the people, not a messiah, a revolutionary political instrument with a collective leadership and a class program, which has to carry out the new tasks. That is the challenge before us. This crisis offers a new chance to the left, to the workers, to our people.”
Full text of statement
Rojava Azadi Madrid wants to show its total rejection to the recent detentions of activists who support the Kurdish cause within the Spanish State.
The detentions of at least 9 activists in Valencia, Bilbao and Madrid, who show solidarity with the oppressed and support the revolution in Rojava, is another dangerous example of the complicity of the Spanish State with the fascist Turkish government.
Through the repressive apparatus represented today by the figure of Judge Eloy Velasco, as well as the Central and Provincial Evidence Gathering Teams, these activists have been arrested under false charges of helping the PKK(Workers Party of Kurdistan). If we look at Velasco’s career, he is the promoter of the latest operations against anarchists and other grassroots social movements in the Spanish State, most of which have been proved to be false, with no evidence to sustain them. He represents one of the main pillars of repression in this country.
We want to highlight the role of the newspapers La Razón and El País, who divulge false information, constantly publishing that the YPG (People’s Defense Units) are part of PKK, who is considered a terrorist organization by many countries. We insist that the YPG / YPJ are not considered terrorists by any country, except for Turkey, and many organizations are struggling to remove the PKK from terrorist lists, as it is the main force fighting against the Islamic State in the region.
We strongly condemn the detentions of these activists who, through international solidarity, support the Kurdish people and the YPG / YPJ, leading proponents of the resistance on the ground against ISIS in Syria and Iraq.
We strongly condemn the repressive state apparatus, which focuses its efforts on detaining activists and leaves politicians, bankers and other corrupt personalities who plunder the population unpunished and free.
We also condemn the media that publishes false information to confuse, deceive and manipulate reality, helping to create a misinformed society, subject to the manipulation of the state and its repressive institutions.
Our solidarity against repression!
Freedom for those who support the Kurdish cause!
An Indefatigable Warrior
Vara Vara Rao
The Voice stopped already a year ago. After he returned from Dandakaranya, in the wake of maoists taking Alex Paul (District Collector, Sukma district, Chhattisgarh state) into custody, he called this writer regularly enquiring ‘‘when would we be able to go again to Maad and when Haragopal would be free to accompany him’’. Once he said over phone : ‘‘Now a days, I an unable to remember things. One day while speaking in a forum, I collapsed on the dias. Before my memory power is completely crashed, let us visit Baster once’’. In fact, he was not in a state to go anywhere, let alone Bastar. But his undiminishing love towards adivasis always wanted him to move out and stay with people. He was B D Sharma, a Gandhian and an affectionate human being to all who loved this world.
Perhaps, he is one among the first generation of IAS officers. He was once the Collector to the Bastar district. Now comprising 7 districts, Baster is bigger than Kerala state and larger than many European countries. Since his stint began in Bastar, he created a niche in adivasi hearts.
His book on ‘Bailadilla Women’, written in the backdrop of iron ore mining, during 1960s, in Bailadilla of Bastar, meant for exports to Japan and Korea, captured the battered lives of women. The book shook many intellectuals. He developed great respect on the adivasis’ concerns towards nature, land, livestock and their strong inclination towards natural life. He realized that ‘Jal, Jungle and Zamin’ is not a mere slogan. Not just a political programme. It is a mode of life. On that mode, nature and humans co-exist, though there is perennial struggle as well. When he stepped into Bastar as an administrative representative of the state, he experienced the bitter truth that the state is but an instrument of oppression and never is an aid to people’s amelioration.
That was why he strongly believed that like in the USA, making of the Constitution began with the deprivation of indigenous people’s rights. Because, the State’s interference followed capital penetration centuries ago. This intolerance changed the history of adivasis and trampled the freedom of adivasis. He often said that with the inception of Indian Constitution, the forest itself became a prison for adivasis. His book on how the clan life of adivasis was broken in the republic unmistakably reflects this view. In his long span of life, he reached high echelons, he faced insults too. He utilized these highs and lows to put his outlook into practice.
As a Collector of Bastar, as National Commissioner of SCs and STs, or as the vice-chancellor of NEHU (North-East Hill University) in whichever position he might be, he commanded profound respect from all the PMs from Indira Gandhi to Rajiv Gandhi. He got this reverence as a representative of adivasis who declared his partisanship with adivasis fearlessly. When he exposed the state supported conspiracies of industrialists to establish industries, in Chattisgarh he took in his stride the ignominy of stripping and parading with garlands of chappals. When Chhathis-garh CM commented that why B D Sharma was being allowed to roam in his state, he quipped : ‘The rulers have become servile to the corporate and hence these atrocities’.
He prepared a comprehensive report delineating that adivasis take collective decisions and implement them; that they have their own general administrative self-rule and hence the ‘gram sabhas’ (the village assemblies) should have all the powers to be able to decide what adivasis want in the forest. He got the report introduced through an adivasi member of the house. This report later came to be known as Bhuria Commission Report. Today, whether it is the case of Narmada Project or Polavaram Project, the ‘gram sabhas’ have become nominal. He was appalled to see the government’s interference. The mandatory approvals of adivasis in acquiring land, etc, were gotten by the Collectors and Revenue officials with the help of police. The collectors and the Revenue Officials would not even care to visit the villages. He took voluntary retirement and began his ‘Bharat Jan Andolan’. It’s headquarter is in Bastar and he opened an office near Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station in New Delhi.
What is people’s sovereignty? What is self-rule? What kind of freedom and needs that adivasis and dalits aspire for? He wrote 70 books in English and Hindi depciting his deep knowledge of adivasis and their entwined relationships with ‘jungle and zamin’. The books reflect his long experience with the countryside.
Since one and half decade he had been moving with a file in his hand. The file contains a resolution adopted by the UN Security Council. He reads that resolution in all the meetings. Indian Constitution recognized the rights and powers of adivasis on ‘Jal, Jungle and Zamin’ in the 5th and 6th schedules; it also recognized the autonomy of North-East, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and separate states were formed too; but the UN went ahead by drawing territorial powers of the adivasis from the world history of indigenous people’s struggles, ratified the territorial rights.
That means—the 1/70 act, that recognized rights of adivasis over forests which came into effect in the backdrop of Srikakulam Adivasi peasant struggle; and the Samata judgement, according to the Supreme Court, that says that not just the non-adivasi private individuals, but even the state can neither purchase nor sell the adivasi land, without adivasis’ consent.
Now the UN Security Council asserts that the Private individuals and even the state could not enter the adivasi region without adivasis’ consent. B D Sharma time and again was saying that the territorial rights are defined by the UN in such a way. Then even the Army has no right to enter the North-East region without people’s consent, let alone the special powers given to the army. Even the Central Government cannot interfere. The centre has no powers to deploy paramilitary forces into Jangal Mahal, Jharkhand, Dandakaranya, Odisha, North-Andhra and Telangana regions. Without adivasi consent, neither any Corporate power nor the government could enter. This ideal concept of adivasi territorial power concept might be shrugged off as an utopian one by the contemporary mindsets, but B D Sharma lived and died to implement these ideas. In this journey of six decades, he dedicated his life—when he was in position or sans any position; with government’s help and its wrath—receiving the both with equanimity—serving the country to his last breath.
He well understood the government, the Constitution and the centralized rule are shackles to the adivasis. At the same time, he had the knack and creativity to utilize this system and its institution in the service of adivasis’ cause. If that were not possible, he preferred to participate in people’s resistance movements. In this endeavour, his Gandhism was never a hurdle in working with revolutionaries. The maoists who are straining every nerve to build up alternative people’s political organs since 35 years—never considered him as a government officer or an outsider. That was why when Sukma’s Collector Alex Paul was in their detention, they chose B D Sharma and Haragopal as mediators who could talk to the government to press their demands. After discussions with this duo, the representative from Dandakaranya Special Zone Committee (DKSZC), Vijay Madkam, released the Collector showing deference to B D Sharma and Haragopal.
In 1992, the All India People’s Resistance Forum (AIPRF) was formed. AIPRF was aimed to fight the imperialist dictated policies of globalisation, privatisation and liberalisation as the government’s model for country’s development that had come into vogue in the name of New Economic Policy, was declared in 1991. Ever since the formation of the Forum, B D Sharma had been working like a young activist in the Forum. The imperialists in their efforts to manufacturing consent formed fora like—World Social Forum. Asia Social Forum. Exposing this conspiracy, Mumbai Resistance was held in 2004 (MR-2004). During this period of about a month, from December 2003 to January 2004 be stayed in Forum’s office, dined with Forum activists, energetically participated in all deliberations. He was a man of lofty ideals but with a plebeian attire. His simple life inspired everyone.
For twenty three years B D Sharma would walk with Forum activists and share their joys and griefs; troubled and tribulations and rigours of repressions as well.
He came to Bihar to participate in Muzaffarpur’s meeting. He alignted at Patna and reached his former student’s house. The former student was the then Secretary to the Home Ministry, Bihar government. In the evening the government declared that permission was denied to the meeting. The meeting was planned by ‘Committee Against War on People’ in protest against the Operation Green Hunt. The media enquired the then CM Nitish Kumar why he disallowed people like B D Sharma to participate in the meeting and why the government was objecting to hold the meeting when the CM declared that there was no such Operation Green Hunt in Bihar. Immediately the government withdrew the orders prohibiting the meeting.
When he was invited to become part of the People’s Alternative Forum at Hyderabad, on the occasion of the completion of 10 years of formation of the Maoist Party, B D Sharma consented to be the member of the Forum and expressed his readiness to come as a speaker to that meeting. By then, his health deteriorated considerably. He was shifted to Gwalior. Now everyone knows that permission was denied to that meeting by large scale arrests and repression. When there was a raid by the intelligence personnel from Maharashtra and the centre on Saibaba’s residence in Delhi, he stayed at his place and strongly protested the police action. Despite soaring temperatures of May and his feeble health condition, he was stubborn to go to Nagpur to meet Saibaba in the prison. He lived in the people’s movements and he loved the activists. Such a quinessential human being, B D Shama was. He longed for the aspirations of People’s sovereign powers. Can anyone believe that he is no more? He is truly immortal inspiring people to carry forward the unfulfilled tasks.
1. Maad : Earlier known as Abhuj Maad (unknown Maad), one of the most backward pockets in Bastar Region in Chhattisgarh State.
2. Haragopal, Retired Professor, Central University, Hyderabad and Civil Rights Activist.
[This is a translation from an article published in Telugu Daily, Saakshi on 9th December, 2015. Vava Vara Rao, one of the founder members of Virasam (Revolutionary Writers’ Association)
Vol. 48, No. 29, Jan 24 – 30, 2016