No party unification until UCPN-M adopts our line: Baidhya
BHOJPUR: Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Chairperson Mohan Baidhya today reiterated that unity with Unified CPN-Maoist was possible only if the latter to toed their line. Speaking at a press meet organised by the Revolutionary Journalists Association, Bhojpur, here, today, Baidhya rejected chances of unification with UCPN-M until the latter relinquishes its ideology and toes his party’s line. “Unity is desirable, but for this, they should be ready to quit their line and follow ours,” said Baidhya. He took strong exception to parties like Nepali Congress and CPN-UML for raising the issues of local elections and opening conflict-era cases in violation of the spirit of the Comprehensive Peace Accord.
KATHMANDU: The CPN-Maoist-affiliated All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) condemned police intervention on student unions’ protest programmes against the government’s decision to hike the prices of petroleum products. Issuing a press statement, ANNISU-R Chairman Sarad Rasaili demanded immediate release of cadres of student unions who have been arrested during the bandh today. The union’s central secretariat member Dhan Prasad Neupane, central member Sushil Khanal and Ratna Budha, Lalitpur district vice-chairperman Bhim Acharya, Bhaktapur district chairman Rishikesh Upadhyay, Kathmandu district members Krishna Sewa, Manoj Gautam, Dipendra Gautam and Niranjan Gaire, among others were arrested, according to Rasaili. 70 arrested in Kathmandu as fuel hike protests turn violent Kathmandu:
Normal life was affected in three districts of Kathmandu valley including the capital city as various student groups enforced a general strike and torched vehicles to protest a recent petroleum price hike. The agitating students attacked at least seven vehicles in Kathmandu, police said. At least seventy people have been detained in connection with vandalism, Kathmandu Metropolitan Police Circle spokesperson Arjun Chand Thakuri told PTI.
Leftist group stages strike at city hotbed of unrest
Santiago.- Community groups of Las Palomas township, city of Licey, stage a 24-hour shutdown starting Wednesday morning, to protest its deteriorated streets. In addition to Las Palomas and Uveral, the protest affects other communities, with rocks being hurled at passing vehicles and trenches dug on the streets to halt traffic. The protesters demand a road to link the towns Los Marte, Limonal Abajo and Los Arias, as well as a sports complex and a government-funded pharmacy.
Colombia: Farmers Protest Alleged Violation of Agriculture Agreement
On Monday, representatives of indigenous communities, Afro-Colombians, and campesinos held demonstrations in Plaza Bolívar, Bogotá, to demand a new agriculture policy seeking solutions to the problem of land access and greater protection from free trade agreements. The movement was launched following the conclusion of the “Cumbre Agraria Campesina, Étnica y Popular” (Agrarian Summit of the Campesino, the Ethnic, and the Masses), which hosted 11 organizations, including the National Agrarian Coordination (CNA), the Black Community Movement (PCN), the Congress of the People, the Patriot March, the Roundtable of Dialogue and Agreement (MIA), and the National Indigenous Organization of Colombia.
The agrarian summit, which began last Saturday, considered eight central issues and compiled a list of grievances citing the Santos government in violation of the Great National Agrarian Pact, which ended the agricultural strikes that took place in August and September of last year.
Benue: Gboko boils as soldiers, anti-riot policemen kill six
Pandemonium Tuesday broke out in Gboko, the headquarters of Gboko Local Government Area of Benue State, following the death of six persons believed to have been killed by the combined forces of soldiers and anti-riot policemen. Reports say that trouble ensued on Tuesday when a youth in the area, who had gone into the bush around Dangote Cement plant at Tse Kucha, Gboko LGA to defecate, was shot in the head by a soldier posted to the plant. The youths in the area, while protesting the killing, marched round the town with the corpse of the victims and ended up blocking the highway for several hours before they were dislodged by the security forces. It was further learnt that in the process of dislodging the youth using firearms, five other persons lost their lives.
[We are posting the document below for informational purposes. We cannot confirm its authenticity or the circumstances of its release-Signalfire.]
1. Homage to the martyrs
After CC-3 until now more than two hundred of our beloved comrades laid down their lives in the course of advancing the New Democratic Revolution and fulfilling that aim. Among the martyrs are present right from Central Committee Politburo member Comrade Mallojuhula Koteswarlu to general party members. Several comrades of revolutionary mass organization, PLGA and RPCs were martyred. Revolutionary masses were martyred. Several women comrades were martyred. Our fellow comrades breathed their last in the revolutionary movement fighting back the enemy’s multi-pronged offensive, in accidents and due to ill health. All of them serve as a model to us. CC vowed to fight till the end for fulfillment of their aims and paid revolutionary homage to them.
2. Present Political Situation – Our Tasks
CC is releasing this resolution separately in the form of a booklet.
3. Assessment of the present condition of our countrywide movement – Our Tactics
Following the resolution of the CC-3, state level plenums were held in DK, NT, AOB, BJ and OS states. The condition of the movement in the respective Special Zones/Special Areas/States was reviewed in these plenums. Along with these plenum reviews this CC meeting discussed the condition of other states and departments. Basing on this discussion, it assessed that from the point of view of the subjective condition, the condition of our countrywide movement is critical.
After the formation of our United Party in 2004, hopes about the victory of the revolutionary movement rose among the Indian people. In accordance with this the party and the PLGA strove very hard for the advancement of the revolutionary movement. It strengthened as a countrywide party. Internationally it gained the support of maoist parties and that of the working class movement. Along with the Lalgarh and Narayanapatna struggles it led anti-displacement struggles of the people and movement for separate Telangana. It conducted higher level attacks in DK, BJ, Odisha, Bengal and AOB and placed them as a model for guerilla warfare before the Indian people while the enemy was given a shocking blow. We held high the line of our party among the Indian revolutionary masses in a manner that helps the advancement of the revolutionary movement in all spheres. We successfully held the Unity Congress-9th Congress.
At present all the major contradictions inside the country and in the world are intensifying and sharpening and the material conditions are turning favorable to the revolution. In terms of subjective condition the movement is facing critical situation. CC discussed the reasons that led to this critical situation and is formulating tactics to overcome this situation and advance the Indian revolutionary movement by well utilizing the developing favorable situation for the revolution. Let all the leadership committees from top to bottom formulate appropriate tactics basing on these tactics and keeping in view the changes occurring in the situation and advance the Indian revolutionary movement by mobilizing the entire party, PLGA and people to implement them.
Though the countrywide revolutionary condition is critical, the condition in all the states is not similar. Only by concretely assessing the favorable and unfavorable conditions that developed in the respective Special Area/ Special Zones and the situation of the movement in various states all over the country we can formulate the tactics to advance the revolutionary movement by basing on the favorable conditions and overcoming the unfavorable conditions. So let us mention here the situation of the respective states concretely. In DK mass base decreased in considerable area, the intensity and expanse of the resistance of the PLGA and people decreased; non-proletarian trends increased in party and the PLGA, recruitment decreased; number of people leaving the party and PLGA increased. As a result of all these this movement is facing critical situation. Due to the efforts put since the past five years there is some progress in the NT movement. There is some progress in the mass struggles in AOB. However the movement in NT and AOB is in ebb. We are striving hard for their revival.
Gondia division is continuing in a weak condition since a long period of time. Due to series of arrests in the past few years the Maharashtra movement is facing setback.
Though the Mainpur division movement in the COB area has weakened, in the rest of the area the movement in gradually getting established among the people and expanding. Due to betrayal of panda and enemy onslaught the Odhisa movement weakened a lot. Due to heavy losses to the leadership and subjective forces and due to decrease in mass base the BJ movement suffered setback at present. Due to Comrade Kishenji’s martyrdom and the martyrdom and arrests of state and district leadership comrades and dent in the deluge of Lalgarh movement and Paschim Bang movement suffered a setback. Along with the fascist onslaught carried on by the paramilitary forces and the Army that has entrenched itself in Asom since decades, the martyrdom of four comrades including the secretary of the State Leading Committee in a fake encounter and arrest of other comrades happened and the Asom state movement that was gradually developing weakened. In North Region we lost subjective forces at various levels along with party’s central and state level leadership.
As a result the North Regional Bureau was completely damaged and along with it movements of various states weakened a lot. Three State Committee members (SCMs) in Tamil Nadu and two SCMs in Karnataka and some cadres at various levels were arrested in the ongoing intense enemy onslaught. The enemy special forces are conducting continuous attacks on the Malnad movement that is present in a limited area. The political and organizational weaknesses that were continuing since the past led to the weakening of the Tamil Nadu and the Karnataka movements. In Kerala too the enemy repression is going on severely. After the arrests and martyrdom of CCMs this RB suffered damage. In the new strategic area of this region too they are deploying central and joint forces of three states and carrying on fake reforms and foul propaganda campaign to prevent our movement from expanding.
Between 2009 and 2012 the enemy damaged our central weapon manufacturing and supply departments; political and military people’s intelligence departments, the central magazine department, central SUCOMO and the international departments. The country wide urban movement weakened to a large extent. After the CC-3 meeting four CCMs (Comrades Rupesh, Amber, Sukant and Jaspal) were arrested. PBM Comrade Kishenji was injured in an encounter and was caught by the enemy and was martyred.
The relentless multi-pronged attacks on the country wide revolutionary movement carried on by the central and state government as part of LIC strategy since the formation of the CPI (Maoist) in 2004 is one of the main reasons for this situation to arise. While three to three and half lakh police, paramilitary and commando forces were deployed by mid-2010, this increased to four lakhs at present. In the areas where revolutionary movement is ongoing (particularly in 82 districts) every year the central and state governments are pouring thousands and lakhs of crores of rupees and carrying on reforms. As a result, a divide started in the people’s camp and a small section is turning into the social base of the exploiting ruling classes. As a result several unfavorable conditions to the revolutionary movement are coming to the fore. One of the reasons for this situation to arise are the weaknesses at varying scales that are continuing in carrying on class struggle basing on agrarian revolutionary program in all the movement areas.
The movement is facing critical situation as we have not formulated appropriate tactics keeping in view the changing domestic and international social, economic and political conditions, as we have not mobilized the party and the people to implement the tactics formulated and as we have not put determined efforts to fulfill our aim. Along with these, the shortcomings in correcting the long term non-proletarian trends in our party, PLGA and revolutionary movement; the weakness and shortcomings in vastly rallying PLGA and the people in an effective manner into armed resistance and counter attacks; the shortcomings in implementing secret functioning and guerilla war principles; the weaknesses and shortcomings in the legal-illegal mechanism; the weaknesses and shortcomings in training the party, PLGA, RPCs and mass organizations ideologically, politically, organizationally and militarily in accordance with the situation; the weaknesses and shortcomings in consolidating and developing the urban movements, in rallying the non-peasant vast masses inside the movement areas and outside, the limitations in rallying the vast masses into the revolutionary movement by carrying on political and organizational work in accordance with our line and policies at all levels; decrease in mass base and recruitment; increase in the number of persons leaving the movement and limitation in the fighting ability of the PLGA coming to the fore are the subjective reasons for this situation to arise.
Due to this change in the subjective condition, though the revolutionary material condition is developing excellently inside the country and in the world, we are facing limitations in well utilizing it. In such conditions left and right opportunist lines are arising in some places inside the party. Savyasachi Panda bringing forth right opportunist, disrupting and revisionist political arguments and Sriramula Srinivas bringing to the fore rightist line in the garb of left line by accusing our party of being rightist are a part of this. The leader of the Narayanapatna peasant struggle Nachika Linga is backing away from the movement with rightist politics. Some persons who are not seeing the enemy as a paper tiger strategically and feeling that the tactical dominance of the enemy is permanent are leaving the movement. Such wrong lines, argument and incidents may arise in future too. In such a situation some are bringing to the fore the argument that the semicolonial semi-feudal production relations in India changed and that capitalist production relations were formed.
Basing on this they are bringing forth wrong arguments that the protracted people’s war line is useless in India. As sectarian and bureaucratic trends are continuing in party internal relations and in relations with the people it is causing harm to the party and the movement. In such a situation, basing on MLM theory, the political- military line of the party, party policies, the great experiences gained and class line-mass line, it is necessary to fight determinedly the ideological and political wrong trends and also correct the mistakes continuing in practice and strengthen unity of the party and improve our practice. Thus we should fill revolutionary enthusiasm among the people. The leadership should keep in view the possibility of some persons losing confidence on the revolutionary movement and put efforts to make them stand firmly by filling them with confidence on the revolutionary movement.
On this occasion we should widely propagate among the party, PLGA and the people the strategic weaknesses of the enemy, the strategic strength of the revolutionary camp; the manner in which outdated semi-feudal, semicolonial production relations in our country are making the lives of the people unbearable day by day, the manner in which the major contradictions in India are intensifying due to the implementation of neo-liberal policies in our country since 20 years, the manner in which people all over the world are waging movements in various forms as all the major contradictions in the world are intensifying due to economic crisis of capitalist imperialist countries, the mass base we still have, the favorable terrain, the leadership forces we have, the leadership sources, the experiences gained by our People’s Army and people in Peoples’s War and increase their confidence on the revolutionary movement.
We must formulate a strategic plan to overcome the critical situation faced by the movement and bring it into progression. The first point in this is strengthening the entire party ideologically and politically and condemning, exposing and defeating the anti-Marxist bourgeois and revisionist theories. As part of this we must fight back the post modernist theories. We should educate the entire party abiding by our party’s political line.
Taking into consideration the changes occurring as a result of class struggle in semi-colonial, semi-feudal India and the changes occurring in the economic, social, cultural, administration and ecological spheres due to the onslaught in all spheres of our country on all oppressed classes-sections of people by the international financial capital that joined hands with the domestic comprador bureaucratic capital, we should formulate tactics that would mobilize the vast masses into the revolutionary movement. We should not just confine ourselves to forest areas and peasantry and basing on the experiences we gained in the plain areas we must formulate appropriate tactics suitable to the present conditions.
We should mobilize the non-peasant vast masses in all our strategic movement areas. We should build urban movement and rally the working class and the vast urban masses into the revolutionary movement. We should correct the non- proletarian trends continuing in the party and PLGA and strengthen the party and the PLGA. Whatever may be the level of the movement, whether in the rural or the urban movement or in the united front activities while rallying the people on their daily issues and against the imperialists, particularly the US imperialists and the Indian ruling classes we should strive to rally maximum forces on a broad basis. We should get rid of the tactics and practice that would isolate us from the people and make us a target of enemy attack while working in any sphere and particularly in the urban sphere. Keeping in view the favorable conditions in various forms in various areas and all over the country and the favorable material condition which is still present, we should rally our subjective forces creatively and strive hard to is still present, we should rally our subjective forces creatively and strive hard to sustain/gain initiative.
Entire party should work consciously and with determination to overcome the present unfavorable conditions of our movement. Along with these we should develop the entire party, PLGA and mass organizations to work dynamically basing on the tactics formulated by the PB, CC, CMC, RBs, SC/SAC/SZCs from time to time according to the changes the that occur in the conditions.
At present let us mention the favorable material and subjective conditions that are present as a basis for formulating the general basic tactics that are to be followed in the coming two years. All the major contradictions are sharpening and intensifying inside the country and in the world. As a result, people are rallying widely into militant struggles on various issues inside the country and the world. In DK the people have steeled themselves in class struggle and People’s War in the past 30 years. In this course, the PLGA and the people defeated several enemy repressive campaigns including Salwa Judum. The Janatana Sarkars built as the organizational form of new democratic political power at area and divisional levels after destroying and paralyzing enemy power are still wielding people’s power. The process of building New Democratic economic system is continuing at a primary level under the leadership of the Janatana Sarkars.
In accordance with this a revolutionary change is occurring at a primary level in the cultural sphere. The local organizations are working amidst relentless OGH offensives and are resisting the enemy. The effort to overcome the weaknesses and shortcomings identified in the DK plenum began. In BJ too people were steeled in 30 years of class struggle and people’s war. In this course they fought back several enemy repressive campaigns and defeated them. At present the peasantry and para teachers there are fighting militantly. The Jharkhand Adivasi peasantry is fighting militantly against the conspiracies of the ruling classes to undermine the Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act, against displacement and for the annulment of MoUs signed by the state government with CBB and MNCs.
In Bihar too peasants are fighting on various issues. There are several potentialities for the BJ movement to advance. In Telangana the movement for separate Telangana is developing in militant forms. Revolutionary political and propaganda agitations are ongoing widely in AP, NT and AOB. People are getting consolidated through various people’s movements. In Bengal comrades are striving to overcome the heavy leadership losses and the setback of the glorious people’s movement of Lalgarh. In Odisha comrades are fighting back the betrayal of Panda and are putting efforts to consolidate the subjective forces and develop the mass base.
Though the party forces in Tamil Nadu Karnataka and Kerala are in limited numbers, they are striving to build the revolutionary movement. Though the RB in North India suffered damage due to losses, the limited forces present there are striving to build the revolutionary movement in the states where they are present. In Korchi area of Gondia division, the people rallied vastly and militantly against ‘Korchi Loh Prakalp’. Inside the prisons too party leaders and cadres are fighting unflinchingly. In the past two years we extended to the COB area. In BJ we extended to some areas. Party plenums were held in some states and new forces were elected to the Divisional/Zonal, Special Zone/Special Area Committees. The PLGA in the East and Central Regions is resisting the enemy and gaining some considerable successes. In these areas along with PLGA the People’s Militia and the people too are resisting the enemy.
The Lalgarh people’s deluge suffered setback due to severe enemy repression and due to heavy leadership losses. The Narayanapatna peasant revolutionary movement is facing severe repression. These struggles have not only imparted great experiences to us but are also providing constant inspiration not only to the people of those areas but also to the people all over the country. Keeping in view the favorable and unfavorable conditions mentioned above along with the excellent material situation developing favorably to the revolution in our country, let us formulate the following tactics for the coming two years.
Let us formulate these tactics with the aim of fighting back and defeating multi-pronged countrywide onslaught carried on by the enemy in the name of OGH, of preserving the movement and of advancing for the fulfillment of the tasks formulated by the Unity Congress Tactics are not formulated just by basing on the condition of the subjective forces. Tactics are formulated basing on the favorable and unfavorable conditions in the contemporary material and subjective situations. In the present critical situations the conscious, courageous and planned efforts of the party would be the guarantee for gaining successes. By bolshevizing and strengthening the party, by enhancing the quality of PLGA and by revolutionizing the people ideologically and politically, by taking up politically offensive tactics utilizing the present favorable material condition to the revolution and by actively mobilizing the PLGA and the people actively in People’s War, we would definitely advance in fulfilling the higher level tasks. We should understand the tactics being formulated now with this view.
1. We should preserve the subjective forces (from CC up to party cell) from enemy onslaught; particularly priority should be given to preservation of top level leadership forces. We should ensure that the party, PLGA and the local organizations do not get isolated from the people in enemy onslaught. The State/ Special Zone/ Special Area Committees up to the AC/PPCs should take up appropriate steps for this sake. Secondary leadership should be developed in a planned manner at all levels. The ideological and political levels of leadership from higher level to lower level should be enhanced. We should give special education on the political and military tactics that are to be followed when the movement is facing critical situation.
We should develop the political level of the party such that we can study from time to time the changing social, economic and political conditions and formulate new tactics by making the necessary changes in the tactics in accordance with them. We must train the party cadres at all levels for this sake. We should conduct education and ratification against the non-proletarian trends that developed in the party. Party should be bolshevized through all these.
2. In all the movement areas anti-imperialist, anti-feudal class struggles should be intensified basing on agrarian revolutionary program. We should not confine to secret and illegal activities in this class struggle and utilize united front activities, open and legal struggle and organizational forms to rally vast masses (students, youth, employees and other petty bourgeois sections and various oppressed social sections).
3. As part of anti-imperialist, anti-feudal class struggle we must concentrate on land issue or Jal-Jungle- Zameen issue and displacement issue. Along with these we must taken up daily issues of the people. We must rally the people in struggles from local level to state level. We should gain new forces from these struggles and strengthen the party and the PLGA. In order to utilize the people’s struggles erupting spontaneously all over the country in favor of revolution, we should participate in those struggles and lead them.
4. As part of mass work all the local organizations should be functioned regularly. People and local organizations should be mobilized against OGH and rallied actively and militantly. Mass work and resistance should be carried on with coordination. We should be cautious not to let the trend that neglects resistance in the name of primacy of mass work to arise. We should carry on political, organizational and military work in coordination with the aim of defeating OGH.
In areas where carpet security is spread we should give primacy to secret structures and function the local structures in a lively manner. The shortcomings occurring in work methods formulated in areas of carpet security should be corrected. In these areas, while giving primacy to secret structures we should from united front and cover organizations that would be helpful in consolidating vast masses. Basing on the results obtained in practice, we should develop the tactics to carry on mass work and resistance in carpet security areas and make them comprehensive.
5. Taking into consideration the uneven development, level of formations and the strengths and weaknesses of the People’s Army, we should carry on guerilla warfare to the best of our capacity in all areas including extension areas. In all areas we should intensify and expand the guerilla warfare to the best of our capacity. The guerillas should utilize every opportunity present for damaging enemy forces and to seize weapons from them. Only by display of initiative by guerillas to utilize such opportunities, can we damage the initiative of the enemy and increase our initiative and bring the anticipated change in the conditions. Military Commissions and Commands at all levels should guide such that formations and level of actions are implemented according to the decisions taken in this meeting. In order to politically mobilize the people against OGH and to resist and defeat it we should increase the active participation of people in People’s War.
6. We should increase the commanding efficiency of the commissions and the commands and the fighting efficiency of the PLGA forces to fight back the enemy onslaught by constantly studying the changes occurring in the counter-insurgency and counter-guerilla warfare operations and by identifying the enemy weaknesses in them. The PLGA forces should be given military training to fight back the changing enemy tactics.
7. We should carry on guerilla warfare to fight back the enemy onslaught on strategic areas and guerilla bases. As part of this people and the People’s Militia should be rallied on a vast scale and mine warfare should be intensified. The People’s Militia should be armed with the weapons available.
8. We should seize arms, ammunition and other war material from the enemy, utilize the local sources, increase them further and wage guerilla warfare basing on them. We should preserve all kinds of war material carefully. We should immediately correct the shortcomings occurring till now in supply of war materials, dumping and their utilization. Higher level commissions, commands and party committees should pay special attention on this.
9. Priority should be accorded to extension of X area. The extension of DK should be gradually fulfilled. The internal extension decided in BJ should be continued. Extension in other areas should be taken up according to the availability of forces. We should see to it that the enemy is dispersed through this extension. In every state in our country where our party is working we should put efforts to develop subjective forces while developing mass base. In all areas leadership should put efforts in a planned manner to advance with higher level tasks basing on the good results we achieve in our practice.
10. We should preserve the remaining forces in the urban movement and run the movement there. We should create new forces in the towns adjacent to our movement areas and strive to build the movement.
11. We should correct the non-proletarian trends present in the party, PLGA and local organizations. Rectification campaigns should be taken up where necessary.
12. Thousands of party leaders of various levels, cadres, activists of mass organizations and RPCs and sympathizers are incarcerated in jails all over the country. They form a considerable part of our party at present. The leadership inside the prisons and outside should put efforts so that all of them get rallied through jail communes and build movements with coordination and get educated ideologically and politically. We should put efforts so that they can play appropriate roles directly in the revolutionary movement after their release from the prisons.
13. We should carry on revolutionary propaganda war constantly and efficiently to fight back from time to time the psychological warfare of the enemy against the revolutionary movement conducted as part of counter- insurgency operations.
14. Fascist repression is increasing in our country with each passing day. We should put efforts for the rights movement against this and for democratic rights of the people to be carried on more effectively and its expansion.
15. In the backdrop of all the international forces having lot of hopes on the Indian revolutionary movement, the responsibilities of the international tasks of the party increased than in the past. Though party suffered leadership losses, we should carry on international work in various forms and at various levels even with limited forces. We should muster active solidarity to the Indian revolutionary movement.
16. If we are to implement the above tasks properly, we should improve our work style. As part of it, we should establish lively and affectionate relations with the people. We should correct the shortcomings occurring in implementing mass line-class line. We should implement the tactics mentioned above in the coming two years and work with the aim of reviving the areas in setback; we should once again mobilize and consolidate the party forces where they had become dispersed; we should strengthen in the areas where we have weakened and we should expand to new areas and spheres basing on this consolidated strength.
Basing on these tactics the RBs and SZC/SAC/SCs should concretely formulate the goals to be fulfilled in their respective areas. The enemy formulated a plan to decimate our party and the movement in our country within the next five years and is carrying on the offensive intensely and widely. In such a situation we should drag this war on through our resistance utilizing the above mentioned tactics. We should make the plan of the enemy unsuccessful by dragging on this war and defeat him. The enemy is seriously worried as the revolutionary situation is developing day by day and we are gaining small and big successes in various areas by fighting back severe and widespread repression. Our counter attacks on the enemy are continuing. If we can bolshevize the party even under such difficult conditions, increase mass base and advance while damaging the enemy by strengthening the PLGA, we can develop the revolutionary movement by overcoming this critical situation. Once again we can create favorable subjective situation and advance for the fulfillment of the tasks given by the Unity Congress. This has been proven many times over in the history of the International Communist Movement.
4. On celebration of 10 years of party formation day
By September 21, 2014 it would be ten years since the formation of Communist Party of India (Maoist). CC-4 decided to celebrate this occasion on a huge scale all over the country. Under the present conditions where our country wide movement weakened and is facing critical situation – party should immediately concentrate completely on strengthening the mass base, on waging the resistance war actively and on mobilizing the people in this war actively. We must place the results achieved in various spheres and in revolutionary practice since the formation of the new party in front of the party, PLGA and the people and use this occasion completely to education them.
The political propaganda to be taken up by our party on this occasion should increase the confidence among the people that the revolutionary movement would definitely strengthen under the leadership of the party, with the support of the PLGA and with the building of revolutionary people’s committees and that a strong party can develop with the building of People’s Liberation Army, establishment of liberated areas, building of a countrywide movement and with recruitment of new forces. The message of the CC on the occasion of September 21, 2013 should contain relevant directives regarding the ten years celebrations. CC must bring out a special issue of PW on the ten years occasion. CC comrades should write articles in this issue in the backdrop of the tasks taken by the CC-4 and send via RB secretaries to GS six months prior to its release.
Among the theoretical articles we must definitely include selected articles from the writings of comrades CM and KC along with the main article to be written by GS giving a direction on the experiences gained by the party in these ten years. A special issue of MIB should be released for this occasion. PBMs should write theoretical articles and send within the stipulated time (six months before its release) to GS. In the light of the teachings of Comrade Lenin that there is no revolution without a revolutionary party the Regional Bureaus, State Committees, Special Area/Special Zonal Committees and SMC/SAMCs must release circulars with concrete program three months beforehand mentioning the significance of the ten years celebrations. In all the states the ideological, political and military magazines should be brought out as special issues. Where there are no magazines they must at least be brought out as bulletin souvenir. They should also carry interviews of experienced party senior comrades. The souvenirs that would be released by the CC and the state committees should publish photographs of martyr comrades after the merger, their life histories, the photographs of important comrades who are in jails and their contribution.
-Special Bulletins of Party, PLGA magazines on the 10 years celebrations should be published.
-The revolutionary people’s organizations/cultural activists should release a documentary with a message on the occasion of the ten years celebrations (a video film not exceeding one hour)
-The revolutionary women’s organizations, cultural organizations and RPC should release special issues on the ten years occasion. Where publication of the magazines stopped, efforts should be put to definitely bring out the issues on this occasion.
-The ten years celebrations should be conducted for ten days from September 21 to 30. (Depending on the conditions they can be extended not exceeding one month).
- Selected articles of Marxist Great Teachers explaining the significance of the party should be released in the form of small booklets for the education of the party cadres.
(b) Regarding Veteran Comrades
Since 2005 several CC comrades were arrested from various areas in our country. Though all of them are living under horrible conditions in prisons, all of them are resisting the enemy with lot of revolutionary enthusiasm. Some among them are suffering from serious ill health along with old age. If such comrades get released, in the backdrop of serious enemy repression at present, we must inform them that since party and the movement had weakened in several states, we cannot make them go underground and that they would have to share their share of leadership responsibilities while spending an open life. We have to appeal to them to think about the need to work even while facing the dangers and challenges of open life and convince them.
We should keep in view that due to absence of veteran comrades in the daily life of the party, we will not be able to get their valuable suggestions in the daily activities of the party. So, by following certain correct and scientific methods we should definitely try to get suggestion, ideas and some ideological and political articles from them. The CC should make the necessary suggestions to give them guidance and give them the necessary help and cooperation. We should form a mechanism that would help open and secret work. We should formulate appropriate methods.
10. On arrest of political prisoners
The struggle form of arresting government officials to get our comrades in illegal police custody released started in 1979 itself. Among the later incidents the Gurtedu incident, Sudhir Kumar incident and arrest of Dharma Rao Atram in DK were the prominent ones. In all these three incidents we could get our comrades released. After the 1990s apart from these, some more incidents occurred. Some actions were conducted by the local leadership and the people, while majority of them were conducted by the squads. Majority of the incidents happened spontaneously, while some were conducted with a plan.
After 1985, government repression increased and as illegal arrests, fake encounters and disappearances increased, the proposals from people and the cadre to take up this struggle form also increased. In this course, by the 1990s, arresting from ordinary clerks who collect electricity bills up to the collector, from ordinary sarpanches up to MLAs on various issues such as – permission for meetings, for judicial trails, for pattas to the land occupied by the people, for rebuilding the martyrs’ columns destroyed by the police, for getting the comrades in jails released etc increased. In one incident we arrested Mandal President Gajula Sankaraiah and as the demand was not fulfilled, we killed him. Such incidents not only caused anxiety among the middle class people but had also weakened their confidence on the party. Keeping in view this total situation and the limitations of this struggle form, the COC of the erstwhile CPI (ML) [People’s War] released a circular in 1990 and gave guidelines in it. Later these incidents decreased.
The incidents that happened were reviewed in the respective conferences and these were included in the Political Organizational Reviews. Though this struggle form was taken up sporadically after 2000 too, it increased from 2011 onwards. In 2011- 12 in Odisha and Chhattisgarh we arrested collectors Vineel Krishna, Alex Paul Menon, MLA Jhina Hikaka and Italian tourists and demanded the Green Hunt must be stopped and that political prisoners in illegal custody of the government must be released. In Odisha apart from these demands we demanded the government to solve some important people’s issues. The release of political prisoners was the main demand and we put other demands mainly for propaganda purpose. In the above four incidents, we could not get our important comrades released from jails.
Only in Odisha some common peasants and legal comrades got bails. Mili Panda, the wife of Savyasachi Panda was released by the government as part of a plan. We could politically expose the government by propagating to some extent on repression and people’s issues. However we could not gain the benefits we expected from these incidents. On the other hand, the Odisha and CG governments used the bourgeois media and propagated on a huge scale that the actions done by us were undemocratic. Portraying the persons in our custody as ‘people’s servant’, they rallied various sections of people against our actions and brought pressure on us. They placed law and constitution in front of the mediators appointed by us and signed agreements tactfully without showing concrete solution to any of our demands. When we study the above phenomena, we faced more losses than political gains through the above three incidents. Keeping in view this result, we must keep in mind the following guidelines when we take up this struggle form.
1. Though arresting persons is a struggle form it has many limitations. There is no scope for people’s direct participation in this struggle form. That is why we must not take up this struggle form on a vast scale. At no cost must we arrest persons who are not people’s enemies.
2. When we want to get important leaders released, we must choose the target (class enemies) that would get the government to surrender. We must not give lot of time to the government to fulfill the demand. When we understand the government is taking an adamant stand, we must annihilate the people’s enemy in our custody and withdraw from this arena of struggle.
3. If we give more time to the enemy in this process, due to the strength of the enemy we may have to face the risk of their attacks. Moreover, there is a possibility of their arresting pro-movement intellectuals and sympathizers as a counter and pushing us into a defensive position. As we got this experience in AP we must keep this too in mind.
4. When we want to take up this struggle form, a part from formulating a correct plan we must keep in view the then concrete political conditions (the contradictions between the ruling class parties, between the central and state governments). These contradictions would help to some extent in fulfilling our demand.
5. It would be useful if we do not appoint mediators in this struggle form. If we feel it is necessary, then it would be better not to appoint liberal democrats (such as BD Sharma, Haragopal etc). As they work as mediators from our side, they would be branded with the Maoist seal and they would face some limitations in working with other intellectual and democratic sections.
6. If in any instance we arrest corrupt government officials and political leaders, we must put them on trial among the people and mete out appropriate punishments to them. We must not follow methods such as arresting soft targets among them, giving statements that we would kill them after putting demands then and there and later releasing them. Due to such acts, apart from our party losing its political dignity in the eyes of the people, some of them would even turn against us.
7. The government is propagating that collector Vineel Krishna and Alex Paul Menon are ‘civil servants’ and are serving the people, whereas they are playing a crucial role in the counter-insurgency plan of the government on the revolutionary movement. This propaganda is having its impact on the middle classes too. So we must expose the crucial role played by such officials against the revolutionary movement as a whole. In this course, keeping in view their role, we must punish the important government officials when they are caught as prisoners or otherwise.
8. We must not put political and economic demands when we take up this struggle form. We must not take this up with the view of exposing the government politically (for propaganda). Doing so would send wrong signals to the fighting people. Any struggle form taken up by us should aim to mobilize the people as much as possible. Even while getting the political prisoners released we must primarily try to mobilize the people and take up the struggle even while utilizing the lawful opportunities.
9. When lower level cadres take up this process, the higher committee comrades must intervene and carry on the process in accordance with our guidelines. When the higher committee arrests anybody as per plan, they must take up the entire responsibility.
12. CC Special Resolutions
1. Comrade Barunda, CCM and who worked as PBM was arrested in end 2005. He had to spend his life behind bars for the past eight years with several false cases foisted on him. Prison life in old age had deteriorated his health in several ways. CPI (Maoist) is sending its revolutionary greetings to the lawyers and other revolutionary, progressive and democratic rights activists and organizations that worked hard for his release. CC is feeling very rejuvenated and enthusiastic with Comrade Barunda joining the outside revolutionary movement once again directly. CC is expressing its joy at his release. CC feels that the news items published in the name of his interview in contradiction of his role in revolutionary movement by journalists who are hand in glove with the enemy and taken in the conditions where he is suffering from serious ill health are nothing but a creation of the media. CC seriously took into consideration his old age and ill health and decided to well utilize the rest of his life for contributing to the revolutionary movement.
a….unit should allot a comrade to help him in all manners. That comrade should mainly be engaged in this work.
b. He should send his suggestions to the mother organization on the situation of the movement.
c. Messages should be delivered through him in important forums (for eg: against Green Hunt/deployment of Indian Army.
d. We must record in audio and video his long term experiences in the revolutionary movement and his observation on the domestic and international conditions…..Comrades must select a team necessary for this and ensure that this work is completed in six months. These audio and video records and any things that he writes should be copied and one set should be sent to the mother organization and another set should be kept with him.
e. He should be requested to write an article for the ten years celebrations of the party.
f. We must suggest to prominent persons who are contributing to the revolutionary movement legally to meet him in between.
2. Due to the increasingly severe onslaught of the enemy our party cadres got incarcerated in prisons in considerable numbers under various circumstances. Lawyers and other organizations are striving hard for their release. As a result several of the party cadres who are got or are getting released are once again joining the revolutionary movement. Some among those who are not getting party contacts immediately are even working under some cover temporarily till they get party contact. Doing so is correct. However the fractions in those organizations should not appoint them in ECs though they may join them as ordinary members in those organizations till they get concrete suggestions from the concerned party committee. CC is making it clear that they should not be considered as other members working in their organization. Either the organizations or the cadres released should finalize such decisions only after consulting the respective committees.
Likewise in the name of security some comrades who were released from prisons are joining organizations that are directly or indirectly serving the government or in organizations that depend on their funds. They are not informing the party too clearly about this. CC is suggesting to those comrades that even for security reasons they should select only those organizations/professions that would not harm the revolution in any manner.
3. CC decided not to function under the same fraction the various organizations that are working as centers of United Front for countrywide revolutionary activities. The fractions in those organizations should strive to work by limiting themselves to the program written in the manifestos of the respective organizations. The fractions in them should put efforts to make the MOs work actively abiding by their program and building movements from time to time according to the situation. None from the fractions should make open discussion on ideological-political issues that do not concern the manifesto and constitution of their respective MOs.
Likewise the fraction of an organization or a single fraction member should not make open accusations and criticisms on another organization or its fraction or any of its fraction members. The two fractions may give each other friendly suggestions. Every comrade has the responsibility to examine these suggestions that give priority to revolutionary interests and take them. SUF should give full support for the TUF programs to be conducted smoothly. They should help each other for the smooth conduct of the programs. The teams that were decided to solve the differences that arose between some comrades in the two organizations and between comrades in state level MOs of neighboring states should immediately get into this job. We are requesting that along with these teams formed on these disputes, the two fractions should send detailed reports separately to the CC.
4. We should intensify political agitation and propaganda for the unconditional release of senior party leaders Comrade Narayan Sanyal, Comrade Sheela di, Comrade Kobad Gandhi and Com. Amberda who are Spending prison life since a long time at old age and in ill health. A defence committee should be formed on behalf of X organization for their release. Their organization’s president and secretary should be part of this. ‘Dohaha’ should be joined in this committee to work full time for fulfillment of this task. The efforts to open an office in Delhi for this should be initiated. The respective state committees should appoint lawyers for solving the cases in various states. Lawyers should be appointed from the centre for special cases according to the need. The state committees should immediately respond for appropriate sureties. Appeals should be made inside the country and internationally for the release of these comrades for various kinds of people’s responses including signature campaign. Pressure should be build up on central and state governments. ***
Centre sends 6,000 paramilitary personnel to Naxal-hit states
New Delhi: In the wake of unabated violence by Naxals, more than 6,000 additional central paramilitary personnel have been sent to Maoist-hit states to beef up security and ensure peace during the upcoming Lok Sabha polls. The forces are in addition to the 90,000 central security personnel currently engaged in anti-Naxal operations in nine states — Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Official sources said the additional forces have been sent mainly to Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Bihar. The decision has come after the Maoist killed 15 security personnel and a civilian in an ambush in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district. Apart from those engaged in the fight against the red rebels, the home ministry is also making available around two lakh central paramilitary personnel to ensure peaceful polling across the country. The polling for the nine-phased general election will commence on 7 April.
The Centre has identified 33 districts in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh as highly sensitive as the highest number of violent incidents involving Maoists were reported in Lok Sabha elections in 2004 and 2009 and assembly polls in 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2013 in these districts.
Telecom panel to discuss tower installation in Naxal areas by March-end
The Telecom Commission, an inter-ministerial panel, is likely to meet at the end of March to discuss the issue of installing mobile towers in naxal-affected areas in nine states. “The DoT committee studying the subject is expected to submit its report next week. The Telecom Commission should probably meet in last week of this month,” a Department of Telecommunications (DoT) official told PTI. http://gadgets.ndtv.com/telecom/news/telecom-panel-to-discuss-tower-installation-in-naxal-areas-by-march-end-497022
Maoist consumes poison while being taken to police station
A Maoist allegedly consumed poison while being taken to the police station by a police team in Chhattigarh’s Maoist-hit Kanker district here today. The incident took place in Antagarh region this afternoon after arrested Maoist cadre Jagesh Yadav asked for permission to attend the nature’s call, Antagarh Sub-Divisional Officer of Police (SDOP) Daulat Ram Porte told PTI. An accused in several cases of Maoist-related incidents, Jogesh was arrested from his native place Siksod, after which he was being taken to Antagarh police station, the SDOP said.
On the way, Jogesh requested policemen to stop since he wanted to go to the toilet. However, as soon as the police stopped the vehicle, he consumed some poisonous substance after moving some distance away from the police vehicles, he said. He was taken to a hospital in Antagarh and after primary treatment before being shifted to Kanker where his condition is said to be critical, he said. According to the SDOP, the accused had kept a poisonous substance hidden inside his clothes.
Maoists Renew Poll Boycott Call in Agency
After recently making a hit-list of people to be targeted during the elections, the Maoists on Monday renewed their call for boycott of polls, including those for MPTCs and ZPTCs in the agency pockets, throwing the aspirants into a state of uncertainty and panic. The Reds have even released letters and palmphlets to convey their message. The call, which comes weeks after the killing of Karla Sinderi, the sarpanch of Balapam panchayat of Chintapalle mandal, had instilled fear among the prospective contestants in the Maoist-dominated areas, especially in Visakhapatnam and Vizianagaram districts.
The Balapam sarpanch was allegedly hacked to death by Maoists for contesting the panchayat polls ignoring their warning. Several MPTC and ZPTC aspirants in the agency areas of both the districts are now said to be not coming forward to file their nominations. In the latest letter addressed to the tribals of the North Andhra region, the Maoists called upon them not to contest the polls nor support anyone doing so.
The rebels have also reportedly been using their informer network in the tribal areas to convey their threats. Admitting that the Maoists of the Andhra Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee (AOBSZC) are still active in Visakhapatnam district and along the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB), the police have also acknowledged the poll boycott call issued by the reds. The police have already deployed special forces — counter-action teams, central paramilitary forces and AP Special Police — in the agency pockets in anticipation of Maoist strikes during the polls. About 130 people on the Maoist hit-list have been identified and alerted to be more cautious during the elections.
Police procure four ATVs for anti-Maoist operations
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Against the backdrop of the decision to equip themselves with the state-of-the-art technology — especially in the wake of Maoist threat — the Kerala police have added four Polaris all-terrain off-road vehicles (ATVs) to their armoury. The ATVs will be under the control of IG (Kannur range) Suresh Rajpurohit. He is also heading the anti-Maoist operations in the northern districts of Kannur, Wayanad, Kozhikode (rural) and Malappuram. “The ATVs have been purchased specifically for carrying out anti-Maoist operations.
The police department is also planning to organize a demonstration for people regarding the performance of the vehicles at a beach in Thiruvananthapuram,” said state police chief K S Balasubrahmanian. Sources said that while three of the vehicles will be transported to Kannur at the earliest, one will be retained here for a short period. The ATVs, fitted with large tyres, can be used for climbing difficult terrains. It can also be used for beach patrolling. The six-seater vehicle, which costs Rs 18 lakh each, will be used for patrolling in forest terrains, where Maoist threat is looming large. “The vehicles are powerful enough even to pull a heavy load attached to it. It can cruise to a speed of 100 km per hour in just five seconds,” police sources said.
As many as 12 drivers from the police department have been trained by the company authorities to familiarize them with the new vehicle. The government in April 2013 had sanctioned Rs 11.5 crore for purchasing several communication, protective equipment; weapons; vehicles and anti-sabotage equipment. Police have also acquired equipment including satellite phones, portable generators, sniper rifles, range finders, bullet-proof vests, combat body armours, bomb suppression blankets, deep search or underground detectors as part of the procurement in connection with the anti-Maoist operations.
Sixteen four-wheel drive vehicles have also been purchased and it will be given to 16 police stations, which are vulnerable to Maoist attacks. Meanwhile, fortification of select police stations in Maoist inflicted areas has not yet begun. Police cite unavailability of funds for not starting the work instructed by the government to be carried out on a war-footing in November. This includes setting up LMG firing points, constructing boundary walls, setting up generator facilities, and fortifying stations with sand bags.
Fear pervades Sunabeda in Odisha as polls near
Voters in this sanctuary area in Odisha have been caught in a violent conflict between security forces and Left-wing extremists
In Sunabeda, they are caught in the crossfire. On one side are the security forces and on the other, the Maoists. Caught in between, voters in the remote villages of the Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary area in the Nuapada Assembly constituency are apprehensive about exercising their franchise in the April 10 elections. The Nuapada district administration finds the conduct of the Assembly and Lok Sabha polls here challenging, with the difficult terrain along the Chhattisgarh border posing one hurdle more.
The Communist Party of India (Maoist) has not called for an election boycott in the area. But the people fear for their lives — many are identified as supporters of either the security forces or the rebels. “Not long ago, forest officials used to harass people. Later, Maoists and security forces replaced those officials. We have been living under suppression for years. We do not have much expectation from this election,” Biju Jhakar of Sanbeheli village says. In January, the people of Sunabeda, Gatibeda, Koked and Janpani inside the sanctuary, aided by security forces, dared the Maoists to enter their villages, vowing to confront them with bows and arrows. But in the Soseng gram panchayat limits, certain sections have been branded as rebel sympathisers and security forces closely monitor their movements.
As the elections near, these villagers find themselves in a tricky situation. Prior to the announcement of the elections, the Nuapada divisional committee of the CPI(Maoists) placed seven persons from the sanctuary area on its hit list. The Maoists warned officials against laying roads inside the sanctuary under the Integrated Action Plan scheme. The construction of roads could become a flashpoint, with work on six road projects and culverts going on in the forests.
Women Maoist commanders play big role in encounters
Women commanders have come to constitute almost half of the armed cadre of Maoists and are playing a major role in encounters, like they had done in the Sukma encounter in Chhattisgarh on March 11, security forces believe. It is difficult to get a headcount but a rough number of women killed in encounters last year was available after security forces stumbled upon Maoist posters and pamphlets to pay them homage on International Women’s Day.
One poster in Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra paid homage to 17 women commanders killed in encounters over the year. In the past one year, there has been a significant increase in women joining the armed wing of Maoists. Maoists do not leave behind their dead and take away the bodies. The posters enabled security forces to get a headcount. Posters recovered from Gadchiroli identified some of the women as Indra, Dhanni, Geeta, Anita, Swarupa, Santila, Pramila, Seema, Reshma, Vasanti, Champa and Mamta. It said, “mahila bina kranti nahin, kranti bina shoshan mukt samaj nahin (no revolution without women and without revolution there can’t be an exploitation-free society).
In the March 11 encounter in Sukma in Chhattisgarh where 15 security personnel were killed, women Maoist commanders played a role, according to the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) which lost 11 men. The state police personnel lost four men. In a presentation to the MHA, the CRPF had said Maoists were divided into three groups, and one group comprised mainly of women commanders in black uniform who fired from behind. After a drop in male recruits and desertion, Maoists have started recruiting women on a large scale.
A Maoist document accessed by security forces says not many men were coming forward to join the People Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA), their armed wing. The document in Hindi says, “Villagers should be requested to join PLGA. Once they join, they should be taken care of and given adequate leave. If a PLGA cadre has erred, he should not be scolded, threatened or beaten up.”
Chhattisgarh: Naxal camp busted, arms seized
Ahead of the first phase of election in 70 Assembly seats and 10 Lok Sabha seats in Naxal-dominated districts of Orissa, security forces achieved a major success when they busted a Maoist camp operating in the Chhattisgarh forests on the state border. The operation was initiated from Nawrangpur district side of Orissa two days ago. Senior police officials said around 50 Maoists of Mainpur division and Nuapada division were camping at the forests in Raigarh area of Chhattisgarh when the Border Security Force and District Voluntary Force and Special Operation Group of Nabarangpur district police attacked the camp. The joint team seized 8 landmines, three SBML guns, one 8mm pistol, 70 detonators, seven bundles of wire, a solar panel, five kilogrammes of gun-powder, Maoist uniforms and literature from the camp. Acting on a tip-off, the security personnel tracked the Maoist camp, but soon came under attack from the rebels.
The security forces fired in retaliation, but the Naxals managed to escape. There was no report of any casualty from the Maoist side. Meanwhile, in Sorada area of Ganjam, police arrested 4 persons who were allegedly supplying provisions to the Maoists. In Koraput district’s Boipariguda block, the Maoists, in a message through posters, have asked locals to boycott polling on April 10 and accused all political parties of being anti-poor. The posters also asked the people not to let politicians enter villages for campaigning. According to the police, the Maoist central committee has asked its cadres of Jharkhand to plan a major attack on security personnel. Inspector General of Police(Anti-Naxal operations) Soumendra Priyadarshi said the encounters showed police was succeeding in engaging the Maoists.
“The Maoists strategy is to avoid any encounter or exchange of fire with cops. They would rather want to surprise us. After their failure in 2013 Chhattisgarh Assembly polls, they have taken a conscious decision to thwart the election process.” To avoid any Darbha-type incident, police would now issue district-specific and area-specific guidelines for candidates during campaigning in Maoist-hit districts of Koraput, Malkangiri, Nuapada, Nawrangpur, Kandhamal, Ganjam and Gajapati.
“If someone wants to go to a place like Narayanpatna with just a PSO, we would strongly advise against it,” said a senior police official of Koraput district. 4 Maoist leaders nabbed in Bihar PATNA: The Special Task Force of the Bihar Police arrested four Maoist commanders in Muzaffarpur district. IGP (Operations) Amit Kumar said the four were allegedly involved in various incidents of violence, including a murder in North Bihar and cases of extortion and arson. They were nabbed from Gandakdiara (Riverine area). One of the Maoists, Rohit, is the son of jailed Maoist leader Musafir Sahni. Kumar said, “The Maoists had organised a ‘Shahidi Mela’ (Martyrs’ fair) at Suhasa and Suhasi villages on Friday. Our men infiltrated it, cornered the suspects and brought them to Patna.” PTI
Maoists disown Nachika, ask people to oppose his ‘selfish’ poll plan
Ever since Nachika Linga, the leader of Narayanpatna’s Chasi Mulia Adivasi Sangh ( CMAS ) decided to give up his life in the jungle and work overground , he has become a target of the Maoists who are deeply worried about losing their grip over their 5-year old base in the area. In a signed two-page letter issued on Sunday night, Daya and Aruna, leaders of the Srikakulam division of the outlawed CPI-Maoist, have urged the local tribal people to disown Nachiks and oppose his plan to join electoral politics after striking a compromise with the establishment. Terming it as a move to further his own personal ambitions at the cost of the larger interests of the local tribal people, the Maoist leaders have denounced Linga’s plans to contest the 2014 general elections.
The letter says the Maoists supported Nachika Linga and CMAS after they boycotted the 2009 general elections. However, the CMAS led by Nachika betrayed them in 2012 when they took an active part in the 3-tier panchayat elections in 2012. “ after winning all the seats they (CMAS) extended support to the BJD candidate for the Zilla Parishad chairman’s post after entering into an 10-point agreement with the Mass Education minister Rabi Nanda and other BJD MLAs including the Laxmipur legislator Jhina Hikaka,” the letter said. “ Did it result in any change in the lives of the people ? Did BJD fulfill the 10 demands they had promised to ?” – the letter asked.
Alleging that the elected sarpanchs have gone missing and the local Zilla Parishad member Joru Mouka has become a ‘don’ in Damanjodi, the letter says it is not electoral politics but ‘people’s war’ which is the only way out for the people to escape their misery. Urging the people in Narayanpatna to oppose Nachika’s move the Maoists have asked them to boycott the ensuing polls.
Security beefed up in Manipur for Rahul visit
Security in Manipur has been beefed up as it gears up for the visit of Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi on March 19. Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh, who inspected the rally venue in Thoubal district, found that construction work at the venue, a sports stadium, was not up to the mark. He directed contractors and officials to do it afresh. About 50,000 persons are expected to attend the rally. With two underground organisations — the United Revolutionary Front and the Maoist Communist Party — urging people to not participate in the Gandhi family scion’s rally, review meetings at the government and party level are being held to ensure that untoward incidents do not take place during the visit, and combing operations have been intensified, Mr. Singh said.
Villagers allege ‘torture’ by AR in Manipur
Six villagers allegedly picked up by the Assam Rifles troops in a follow up action to PLA’s March 11 deadly ambush were released after subjected to torture. Security force has also reportedly prevented two severely wounded villagers from being hospitalized, a report received here said Sunday. On March 11, armed cadres of PLA laid a deadly ambush on the convoy of 24 Assam Rifles at a hilly place near Kambang village in Chandel district, leaving casualty to the troopers besides snatching away of arms from the troopers.
In the aftermath of the ambush, villagers of Kambang and Kambang Khullen, fled and stayed in the forest throughout the night under the fear of possible reprisal from the Assam Rifles and returned home the next morning. On Saturday, troops of 24 Assam Rifles reportedly came to the village and picked up six villagers and tortured badly before releasing them late night of the same day, villagers informed media persons and civil organizations. Two of them, identified as Kh Donai Maring (55) and Kh Liupa (32) of Kambang Khullen sustained severe injuries in the alleged torture meted out by the AR troopers.
Gajurel rules out unification between two Maoist parties
KATHMANDU, MAR 17 – CPN-Maoist Vice Chairman CP Gajurel has said that unification between the two Maoist parties was not possible at present. Speaking at an interaction programme organised at the Reporters Club in the Capital on Monday, leader Gajurel said,” We have only announced working alliance with the UCPN (Maoist) on two subjects when we issued a joint statement. We have not done anything more than that.”
The CPN-Maoist leader said it was wrong that the recent working alliance with the UCPN (Maoist), 21 months after the party splintered from the mother party, was being projected as unification between the two parties. Leader Gajurel further added present situation brought about the working alliance between the two parties. He further made it clear that the two Maoist parties came together after the state started to arrest party leaders and activists in connection with the war-era cases, which he added was a gross violation of the principle and sentiment of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
ANRFTU withdraws Tuesday’s valley strike
KATHMANDU, March 17: All Nepal Revolutionary Federation of Trade Union (ANRFTU) has withdrawn its one-day strike for Tuesday in the capital. ANRFTU, the CPN-Maoist affiliated trade union, had called strike for Tuesday in the capital demanding immediate release of its cadres, who were arrested on the various charges. “We decided to call off strike for tomorrow as the government was agreed to release our cadres,” reads a press statement issued by the ANRFTU president Ramdip Acharya on Monday evening.
The trade organization demanded reinstatement of the ANRFTU cadres who were expelled by the multinational company FedEx recently. “We will go for another round or agitation programs if the FedEx management does not reinstate our cadres,” reads the statement. Similarly, the ANRFTU expressed solidarity over the strike called by the various students unions for Wednesday protesting against the recent price hike of the petroleum products.
CPN-Maoist cadres illegally building sheds in Guthi land
NAWALPARASI, March 15: Cadres of the Mohan Baidya-led CPN-Maoist have illegally built sheds on the land the Maoists had seized during the insurgency at Agyauli-4 VDC. Maniram Dharel, a district member of the party, said over two hundred landless people, former combatants and the families of the martyrs would build their houses on the land the party had been occupying for long. The Maoists had seized 3 bighas of land belonging to Sri Ram Sita Laxaman Hanuman Guthi during the insurgency.
Dharel also informed that his party will distribute 65 bighas of land owned by the Guthi among the needy. According to him, a local school and VDC office have already been using a part of the land owned by the Guthi. Other political parties have not yet responded to the Maoist move. “Only those ex-combatants who adhere to the CPN-Maoist´s ideology would be allowed to settle here,” said Dharel, adding that they have driven out some former Maoist rebels, who are with the UCPN (Maoist).
Area secretary of CPN-Maoist Suman Gyawali said the party had earlier settled 65 landless families on the Guthi land. He also said that the party has formed a committee to probe if all the families settled there are landless. Chief District Officer Keshav Raj Ghimire said that the district administration cannot take action against the settlers as the land belongs to Guthi. “We cannot take action against the settlers until the Guthi asks for help. However, we have no information on the Maoists building sheds on the land owned by Guthi,” he said.
Although UCPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal has directed party cadres across the country to return seized properties, the breakaway faction led by Mohan Baidya continues to hold land and properties seized during the insurgency. According to CPN-Maoist, the party holds still control over four bighas of land in Bhumahi, 17 bighas in Kawasoti, 30 bighas in Triveni, 57 bighas in Bardhaghat of the district.
Peasant Hunger Strike is Cry-Out for Justice in Paraguay
Five landless peasants, accused of taking part in the killing of eleven farmers and six policemen during a land eviction procedure in June 2012 in Paraguay, have gone on a hunger strike for more than thirty days in order to demand justice and freedom. The issues of land distribution and judiciary corruption come to the forefront in one of the most controversial conflicts that the South American nation has seen in recent years.
Police officer killed in Hanwella protest
The ongoing demonstrations by a group of villagers of Hanwella, reminiscent of sudden violent protests at Rathupaswala, last year similarly demanding the shutting down of a rubber factory claiming it was polluting their groundwater, snuffed out one life yesterday. A senior policeman dispatched there yesterday early morning was killed when a tree that had been half cut and left by the protesters fell on him.
Roads Blocked to Stop Engineers, Proposed Dam
Dozens of ethnic Chong villagers in Koh Kong province’s Areng valley continued blocking a road Sunday for the third day to protest the impending construction of a hydropower dam that will lead to large scale evictions, authorities and rights workers said. The villagers have since Friday been blocking a road that leads to land that a Chinese company rented to store heavy machinery and construction material for the Stung Chhay Areng dam. Villagers said they are attempting to prevent the company, Sinohydro, from building a machinery storage facility on land in Thma Baing district recently rented for that purpose.
1 dead in CISF firing at Neyveli Lignite Corporation plant in Tamil Nadu
Chennai: One person has been killed at the Neyveli Lignite Corporation plant in Tamil Nadu’s Cuddalore district after a Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) member opened fire following a reported clash with workers. The CISF member is in charge of the plant’s security. According to the police, the victim, Raja, is a contract worker who had come to meet another employee at the plant. As he waited, an altercation broke out with a CISF constable who shot him dead. The district police say the firing took place at gate no. 2 of the mine. Police have rushed to the plant to avert a law and order crisis as angry locals went on a rampage at the site and blocked the Cuddalore-Virudachalam highway.
RPF claims ‘strategic partner’ with Maoist in Chhattisgarh
Manipur’s rebel outfit, Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF), Thursday claimed that they were the “strategic partners” with the CPI Maoist in Chhattisgarh. The revelations comes two days (March 11) after the Maoist laid a deadly ambush in Sukma district, south Chhattisgarh killing 11 CRPF jawans and four Chhattisgarh district executive force personnel. A civilian was also killed in the cross-fire. In a press release, RPF publicity secretary Roben Khuman claimed that the group was “strategic partners of the Maoist” in Chhattisgarh. “RPF as a Strategic Partner thanked and congratulates CPI (Maoist) for successfully launching an attack on an enemy ROP that killed 20 personnel on March 11, 2014, at 10.15 in Sukma District of Chhattisgarh” Roben stated.
He said that the RPF “as a force fighting against India’s colonial occupation of a country can fully understand the suffering and fully support the correct revolutionary movement launched by the CPI (Maoist) for the liberation of the marginalized and to bring about equality in society. We wish success in all future endeavours of the CPI (Maoist)”.
Telecom panel to discuss towers in Naxal areas in March-end
The Telecom Commission, an inter- ministerial panel, is likely to meet this month-end to discuss the issue of installing mobile towers in naxal-affected areas in nine states. “The DoT committee studying the subject is expected to submit its report next week. The Telecom Commission should probably meet in last week of this month,” a Department of Telecom (DoT) official told PTI.
14 Maoists Nabbed in Anti-Naxal Operations
As many as 14 Left-wing extremists have been nabbed in two separate anti-Naxal operations jointly carried out by the Chhattisgarh Police and the CRPF. And the arrests followed last week’s deadly ambush on CRPF personnel in Sukma. According to information received at the state police headquarters in Raipur, 11 Maoists were arrested from Balrampur district, some 370 km away from the state capital. “A joint team from the state police and CRPF was on an area domination exercise in Lahsunpath forest area when the encounter began. Later, the ultras fled the spot and we were able to arrest 11 Naxals, including four women cadre,” said a senior police official. The police have claimed that one country made pistol and a rifle were recovered from the ultras.
After Chhattisgarh Naxal attack, Maoists abduct seven labourers in Bihar
Jamui: Two days after the deadly Maoist attack in Chhattisgarh, a group of armed rebels of the outfit on Friday abducted seven labourers in the Jamui district of Bihar, cops said.
Naxals ban national anthem in schools in their stronghold
Bastar: Maoists have banned the national anthem in schools in Naxal-stronghold Madh areas in south Bastar district of Narayanpur in Chhattisgarh. Some of the local teachers who visited block headquarters of Orcha in the district on Saturday to lift their week’s rations disclosed to this newspaper that the Maoists have issued diktats prohibiting students of these schools from singing the national anthem and even putting restrictions on playing of the song on the occasions of Independence Day and Republic Day.
“Naxals’ writ runs large in the tribal-dominated Madh area. These schools are under the complete control of the ‘Jantan Sarkar’ , the parallel government run by Maoists. Many teachers appointed by the government in these schools earlier have stopped taking classes due to Naxal threats. But, a few like us are still taking classes in the schools”, one of the teachers, pleading to conceal his identity for fear of his security, said.
Dumka cops on alert after Bengal explosives’ haul
DUMKA: The district police department is on high alert in this poll season after explosives were recovered from a village in Bengal, bordering Dumka, on Monday. Bengal police on Monday recovered 5 quintals of ammonium nitrate, 25 bundles of gelatin and 39 cartoons of detonators from a house at Chandbandha village in Birbhum. Three persons – Sujit Das, Sukhdev Ghosh and Basudev Ghosh – were also arrested on the same day.
The area is on the border of the two states near Shikaripara block in Dumka district and is on the Red corridor. Suri SP Halak Rajoria said the investigation on the recovery of explosives was being jointly undertaken by district police and CID to ascertain whether the consignment was meant for CPI(Maoist) activists.
Huge cache of explosives seized by security forces
A huge cache of explosives and Naxal-related material were recovered during a special search operation in Odisha’s Nabarangpur District, BSF sources said here today. According to the sources, the Naxal material was seized by jawans of 77 battalion of BSF and Odisha police yesterday in the forest in Jharigaon reserve forests near Gaurjhariya village under Chandahandi police station. Security forces have recovered two SBML Guns, 41 electric detonator, 500 gms nails, a 3 litre steel cane, 30kg ammonium nitrate, 1.5 kg charcoal, flexible wires, 250 gms sulphur and 100 gms potassium permanganate during the operation.
Four Maoists held in Bihar
Four hardcore Maoists were arrested today with explosives from Bihar’s Aurangabad and Munger districts, police officials said. Acting on a tip off, the security forces raided Jharna village under Dhibra police station area in Aurangabad district and arrested three Maoists, identified as Amrendra Yadav, Unetu Ganjhu and Jagdish Ganjhu, when they were returning to a hide out after meeting with their sub-zonal commander called Azad, Superintendent of Police (SP) Upendra Kumar Sharma said. On the identification of the arrested ultras, the police seized two cane bombs from Tendui village under Dhibra police station area, he said adding that the trio was being interrogated.
Woman Maoist gets life term for killing policeman
A woman Maoist was today sentenced to life imprisonment by a court here in connection with the killing of a Police Inspector in Naxal-hit Ghorabandha area in 2009. The court of Additional District Judge I Ghatsila held Shoba Munda guilty and sentenced her to life imprisonment. The police inspector, Ramjatan Baitha, was on patrolling in the Naxal-affected area in Ghatsila sub-division when the CPI (Maoists) triggered the landmine blast, killing him on the spot in 2009.
B R Ambedkar Bihar University closed for 10 days due to Maoist threat
MUZAFFARPUR: All the post-graduate departments, colleges, hostels and offices of B R Ambedkar Bihar University (BRABU), Muzaffarpur, have been closed for 10 days from March 13 to 22 following threat of action by Maoists over the recent clashes among PG hostel boys on caste lines. The spokesman of the university, A K Shrivastava, on Saturday said the university was to remain closed for Holi from March 15 to 17 only but, on the orders of the district administration, the university has been closed from March 13 to 22 as a ‘precautionary step’.
Some Maoist posters were found on the walls of the university campus particularly on the PG hostels on March 10. The Maoists had alleged atrocities against Dalit and backward PG students recently and had threatened action against the culprits on the issue.
Maoist, wanted in several crime cases, arrested by Munger police during raids
A Maoist was arrested on Friday from a village under Darhara police station area in Bihar’s Munger district, police said. Acting on a tip-off, a police team raided a house in Khudivan village and arrested the ultra, identified as Sanjay Sharma, Munger range DIG Sudhanshu Kumar said. Sharma, said to be a self-styled area commander of the CPI(Maoist), was wanted by the Bihar and Jharkhand Police in several cases, he said.
Maoists torch BJP MLA’s petrol pump, attack his home in Bihar
MUZAFFARPUR: Armed Maoists torched a petrol pump owned by a BJP MLA, hurled bombs and opened fire at his residence late on Thursday night in Bihar’s Muzaffarpur district, police said on Friday. Around 15-20 armed Maoists swooped on the petrol pump of BJP MLA Ram Surat Rai in Ahiapur police station area, around 10km from district headquarters, SSP Saurabh Kumar said, adding, the ultras took the staff hostage and set on fire an oil tanker and portion of the petrol pump.
They mercilessly beat up the petrol pump staff before vandalising the petrol pump and setting it on fire, the SSP said. After plundering the petrol pump, the Maoists went to Rai’s residence in Bocha police station area and opened fire besides hurling bombs, the SSP said.
Martyrdom : 05-08-2008
Com. Soni was a member of the Company-4 in Gadchiroli. She died on August 5, 2008 with illness. The PLGA had bid her a teary farewell with all revolutionary honors. Soni was born in Korseli village of Gangalur area in Bijapur district. She was just 19 when she died. Her mother was Lakmi and father was Maasa. They were very poor. She had two younger brothers and three daughters. She was the eldest daughter. She had lot of responsibilities at home.
She was in the Bal Sangam and used to bring food and water to the squad. She used to hear revolutionary songs with great enthusiasm. She was very friendly with the children in the Bal Sangam. As she grew up she joined the Jan militia. Firing on the enemy and ambushing became a part of her life. She worked in the CNM too. She was a member of the Aavnar panchayat CNM and propagated revolutionary politics through song and dance. The fascist SJ had started in Karkeli in June 2005 and spread to Gangalur area in September. When the SJ attacked the Korseli village, Soni was in the secondary forces and resisted them bravely.
She used to do sentry duty day and night to give protection to the villagers and their fields. She used to take part in collective works of the villages like building dams, ploughing fields, digging lakes and in other agricultural works. When the people worked in the fields she used to defend them with her Jan militia. She used to go to Andhra for coolie works but she always informed her unit when she went. She was a much disciplined comrade.
She became a PR at the end of 2005. She was immediately transferred to Gadchiroli division. She went there very happily and worked in the Bhamragad area for some days. When PL-19 was formed she became one of its brave soldiers. The Company-4 was formed on August 25, 2007 and she joined it. She took part in the special TCOC from September to December 2007. She fought with the enemy bravely when they attacked the Company at Dagun and Pidimili. She always fought against feudal cultural norms and opposed the feudal ideology behind women growing long hairs. She married the PLGA comrade she loved. She always followed the guerilla rules strictly. She was a fighter in the PLGA and a cultural activist too. Song and dance were an indispensable part of her life.
Day after attack, NIA takes over probe
National Investigation Agency (NIA) suspects the involvement of 28 CPI(Maoist) cadres — who formed the inner cordon during an attack on a Congress convoy in May last year — in Tuesday’s attack in which 15 security men were killed. Union Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde has ordered transfer of the probe into Tuesday’s attack to NIA, which has sent a team to Chhattisgarh. A Home Ministry team that visited the state along with Shinde on Wednesday said there were lapses on part of security forces in following standard operating procedure (SoP). A senior Home Ministry official said there were specific inputs about movement of Naxals from state and central intelligence agencies.
Naxals planned bigger attack, claims report
New Delhi: Tuesday’s lethal Naxal attack in which 16 persons were killed in Jiram Ghati in Bastar could have been much worse as the Maoists adopted a new modus operandi this time around of launching simultaneous attacks on security forces at multiple locations. The attacks were to be carried out at three locations at the same time at Jiram Ghati and police camps in Burkapal and Dornapal. Fortunately, due to the lack of complete co-ordination between the different Naxal groups, the simultaneous attacks could not be carried out. The police camps in Burkapal and Dornapal were hit only in the evening. These attacks were not very lethal.
These details have been elaborated in a Situation Report submitted by the IB to home minister on Wednesday. According to the report, the attack was part of a meticulous planning that took about a month to strategise as is revealed by the fact that the Naxals had cordoned off nearly a kilometre wide area to inflict maximum damage. “It seems the thick vegetation on both sides of the NH 30 in which the Naxals were hiding was allowed to grow deliberately to provide cover. Thus, the Naxals managed to fire on the security personnel from very close range. Fortunately about a dozen IEDs could not detonate,” the report states. It also said that women maoists played a crucial role in the operation.
Govt fears big attacks in Bihar, Jharkhand
NEW DELHI: Despite a massive attack in Chhattisgarh on Tuesday, the anti-Naxal establishment is more worried about Maoist attacks in Bihar and Jharkhand in the coming elections. Ministry of home affairs (MHA) is more concerned about polls in these two states allegedly due to the reluctance on part of the state governments in Bihar and Jharkhand to tame Naxals ahead of general elections. Chhattisgarh has appeared relatively more committed to that end, sources said. MHA even shot off letters to the two governments in the past few months indicating lack of intent on their part to deal with the Naxal menace as there was evidence of the situation having worsened in the past six months.
Security forces have faced serious reverses in both states and anti-Naxal operations have almost died down as elections approach, said sources. In Jharkhand, sources said, following the formation of a new government, a series of transfers has affected security, and state police has virtually pulled out of anti-Naxal operations. The state government has failed to even release the Rs 16.5 crore granted to the state for anti-Naxal operations to the executing agency.
This is in the face of IB inputs about Maoists having “identified leaders belonging to Congress, BJP and Jharkhand Vikas Morcha for targeting.” The input says, “Plans include targeting of vehicles engaged in electioneering, selective elimination and abduction of political leaders, besides ambushing police and security force teams.” “Only central forces are conducting operations in these two states at the moment. During central rule, forces almost pushed Maoists to the edge in Jharkhand with state leader Arvindji seriously cornered. All that ground has been lost now,” said an MHA official.
The year 2013 saw Bihar as the only state that registered an increase in Naxal violence. In December home minister Sushil Kumar Shinde shot off a letter to Bihar CM Nitish Kumar asking the state to change its strategy against the Naxals and have relook at its strategy. The letter even chided the state for a breakdown in coordination of the state police and CRPF even as it called the state an easy ground for snatching weapons. A similar letter sent to Jharkhand in January says: “The absence of a pro-active intent and action on part of the district superintendents of police is a cause for concern. Further, Jharkhand does not have a credible and institutionalised regime for the surrender and rehabilitation of LWE cadres.”
Forces fear Sukma attack may be precursor to more such attacks
NEW DELHI: Tuesday’s Naxal attack on security forces in Chhattisgarh has heralded the beginning of CPI (Maoist)’s annual Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign (TCOC), posing a big challenge for the security forces in the election season. TCOC, military term for the time for most violent operations of Naxal cadres, is usually noticed in the summer months between February to June and security forces are on their maximum vigil during this period as they anticipate audacious attacks by the Maoists. MHA sources said Tuesday’s attack on security forces is the fourth such attempt by Naxals in TCOC with previous three remaining unsuccessful.
Sources said in the past two days, Naxals have laid traps to ambush security forces in Bijapur (Chhattisgarh), Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) and Khammam (Telangana). In all these places, Naxals allegedly killed a local (alleged by Maoists to be a police informer) by slitting his throat and throwing his body on the road. They then sat there waiting for security forces to arrive in order to ambush them. “In Bijapur there was also an encounter with Maoists with no casualties on either side.
In the other two cases security forces tactically approached the spot from jungle routes and so avoided an ambush,” said an MHA official. The official said the TCOC timing is a big challenge for the security forces as it would put all its strength to disrupt polls. In a February 17 note sent to Naxal-affected states, Intelligence Bureau has warned that “in South Bastar region of Chhattisgarh, the outfit (CPI Maoist) has come to notice for launching its propaganda campaign against elections.
In Sukma district, CPI (Maoist) cadres have been observed threatening villagers against voting”. The input has also elaborated on plans by Maoists to target political leaders and security forces by taking advantage of the thinly spread out forces during parliamentary elections. Keeping this in mind, MHA is also planning a massive counter-offensive against Maoists in the next few weeks with precisions strikes based on intelligence inputs. As a long-term plan, the government is also preparing to infuse more strength into the core Naxal areas of Chhattisgarh as even with around 200 companies deployed in the state, the forces have too much ground to cover given the length and breadth of Bastar forests. “It would take us two years at least to fill that gap if all goes well,” said an MHA official.
IB alerts Maharashtra regarding Sukma-like attack
GADCHIROLI: Security forces in Naxal-affected Gadchiroli and Gondia have stepped up vigilance following an alert from Intelligence Bureau (IB) regarding a possible rebel attack. The red rebels detonated a power IED device in the dense jungles of Sukma in Chhattisgarh on Tuesday, killing 15 security personnel and a civilian. District police of Gadchiroli and Gondia, which had already kick-started their poll preparation and laying down the security plans, are now learnt to have intensified their area domination exercises with special operations along the Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh borders.
Gun battle between security forces, Naxals in Jharkhand; 3 injured
Ranchi: Two days after fifteen security men and a civilian were killed in a deadly Maoist ambush in Chhattisgarh, yet another fierce gun battle between the security forces and Naxals was reported from Latehar district of Jharkhand on Thursday. Three security personnel, including a CRPF assistant commander, were injured in the gun battle, which lasted for nearly an hour. Superintendent of Police Michael S Raj told reporters here that apart from the CRPF assistant commander, a Jharkhand Jaguar jawan and another personnel were injured during the nearly hour-long encounter near the forests at Kuku village, a PTI report said.
Post Maoist ambush, Chhattisgarh to seek more forces for polls
RAIPUR: A day after the bloody massacre of 15 security personnel in Sukma, Jagdalpur, law enforcing agencies in Chhattisgarh are a worried lot, as Election Commission (EC) has sanctioned only 50 additional companies of paramilitary forces, to the existing 200 companies, for ensuing Lok Sabha polls in state. The 250-odd companies of paramilitary forces, slated to be deputed for general elections is way less than 564 companies that were deployed during November assembly elections.
The heavy security bandobast during assembly polls had instilled a lot of confidence among voters, who turned out in record numbers despite Maoist threats. According to sources, state authorities had requested EC for 400 additional companies but due to pressure of providing security all across country, only 50 additional companies were sanctioned. When contacted, state’s chief electoral officer Sunil Kujur refused to comment on security arrangements on the plea that he was under instructions from CEC for not disclosing any details. “I will not disclose the number of forces being deployed for this or any of previous elections,” he said. However, when contacted, ADG (Naxal operations) RK Vij admitted that additional forces sanctioned by EC were way less than what they had sought.
Maoist Held in Bihar
A Maoist ultra was arrested today from a village under Nauhatta police station in Bihar’s Rohtas district, Superintendent of Police Vikas Barman said. Acting on a tip off, the police raided a house in Pipardih village and arrested the ultra, identify as Ajay Rajbhar who he had gone to visit his in-laws. Rajbhar was wanted in at least six cases of naxal violence in the district, Barman said.
Special action teams to tackle Maoists: DGP
VISAKHAPATNAM: Andhra Pradesh director general of police B Prasada Rao on Wednesday said that his department would deploy counter action teams in the Maoist affected districts, apart from the regular combing by Greyhounds and special parties, for the protection of the polling staff and the public. Political functionaries in the Agency areas would also be provided necessary security following intelligence inputs about suspected activities by action teams of the CPI Maoists.
Police step up vigil
Garhwa: In the aftermath of Chhattisgarh Maoist ambush incident of Tuesday, Garhwa police sounded high alert, sealing all border areas of the district.
War against Maoists hit by complacency
VARANASI: Non-utilisation of funds has hampered efforts to check Maoist menace in Chandauli, Mirzapur and Sonbhadra. The Chandauli police have failed to utilise even 50% of the fund meant for community policing and strengthening village security committees. Even the fund meant for publicity of government schemes and programmes is lying unutilised.
Maoist Camp Busted during Encounter
Maoists had an encounter with the security forces in Sukhakani Barhahad forest near Dangteka village of the district in the wee hours of Wednesday. The security forces busted a Maoist camp and recovered various materials. The camp was meant to accommodate 15 to 20 cadres and the security forces are on look out for more camps. Combing operation has been intensified and the details will be revealed after the security forces reach Sambalpur.
However, no casualty has been reported. The operation was based on specific intelligence report that the Maoists were trying to develop a corridor which would unite the Left ultras from Jharkhand with their Chattisgarh counterparts. The Maoists also wanted to reorganise their base in the district. The group is led by secretary of Dakshin Chhotanagpur zonal committee and hard core Maoist Samarji alias Anmol Hembram.
He had gone underground in the bordering areas of Jharkhand and Sundargarh for more than a year. He is supported by old Maoist hand Kunu Dehuri of Tampersingha village in Meghpal gram panchayat in Jujumura block of the district and Badal, originally from Jagatsinghpur district. Both of them played a major role in the growth of Maoists in the district. Around 100 Maoists entered the district from Gurundia in Sundargarh district from Saranda forest in bordering Jharkhand which houses the headquarters of eastern regional bureau of the banned Left outfit. They are heavily armed with sophisticated firearms and weapons and the security forces are trying to chase them back to Sundargarh.
Modern Gadgets Seized from Maoist Suspect
Modern communication equipment were recovered from a suspected Maoist near a high school in Kalimela on Wednesday. The BSF personnel recovered ultra high frequency (UHF) hand held radio sets, 60 feet cable, antenna, charger and battery from his possession. Acting on a tip-off, a group of elite Central forces intercepted a man riding a motorcycle with an air bag. The security personnel chased him for some distance but could not nab him. Finally he escaped but the bag carried by him fell on the way.
Sukma incident suggests that police have failed to quell Maoists
The Maoist attack in Chhattisgarh on Tuesday was just a replay of the many that have taken place since the most deadly ambush in April four years ago. For the past few years it is direct attack that has been more resorted to in targeting the security forces. This is particularly worrying because it shows an increase in the number of guerrilla fighters who are ready to take up the cause of bringing about a revolution through violent means.
This has been evident particularly since June 2008, when the red brigade attacked a boat on the Balimera reservoir on the Andhra-Odisha border, and killed 38 elite Greyhound troopers. Twelve CRPF jawans died in landmine blasts in Gadchiroli, Maharashtra, in March 2012.
Five injured while removing IED in Jharkhand
One police official, three Central Reserve Police Force personnel, and a villager acting as a Special Police Officer (SPO) suffered injuries when an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) was triggered while they were trying to remove it in Chatra district in Jharkhand on Thursday afternoon.
Top cops of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha meet over poll security
Jamshedpur: Against the backdrop of the recent Maoist attack in Chhattisgarh, senior police and paramilitary officers of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha states today met to discuss strategies on ensuring free and fair Lok Sabha polls slated next month. Briefing reporters after the meeting, DIG (Kolhan) Md Nihal said the officers of bordering states discussed strategies to ensure peaceful and fair elections and inculcate confidence among the electorate.
Martyrdom : 9-08-2008
Com. Mangli (19) was born in Peda Korma village. She was the third child out of five children of Modiyam Buchhal and Lakhmi. Even as a child Mangli used to attend the various meetings along with her elder sister and mother. She studied till 5th standard in her village primary school. Then she joined in 6th standard at the Regadigatta Girls School. During holidays she herded the cattle and to collect mahua flowers. She and other children used to sing revolutionary songs while doing this work. She gave thought to the discrimination against girls in the society even when she was young. When she was in the 6th standard her elder sister Com. Budho (Suman) who was working as KAMS ECM in the village decided to join the movement as a full timer. Mangli asked her to take her along and that she too would work as a full timer.
But Suman told her to work in the village for some more time and develop herself politically first and then join the PLGA. With eyes shining with interest she determined that she would definitely become a revolutionary. She left her studies after 6th standard and was elected as the member of the first CNM committee formed in her village in 2004. She used to write songs and sing. Especially she stood against and fought the patriarchal views in her society which kept women away from sowing and other feudal-like customs. She then worked in KAMS and was later elected as the secretary of village KAMS committee.
The fascist Salwa Judum was started in June 2005 and her village was one of the worst affected ones. It was from her village that Modiyam Sukki and Kursam Lakki, both KAMS activists, were brutally murdered by the Naga police after gang raping them. But Mangli was not deterred and organized women in KAMS and along with the militia had actively participated in many attacks against the Salwa Judum. She played an active role in the attack on the Gangalur rahath sibir where Salwa Judum goons were annihilated. The PLGA had attacked the ammunition depot in Bailadilla and seized 19 tonnes of gelatine. In that attack, she participated and was with the militia.
She was one of the persons who brought back the gelatine. Later also she took part in many attacks on the enemy along with the main and secondary forces. Mangli joined the PLGA as a full timer in September 2006. She worked for some time in the Gangalur squad and was then transferred to the technical department. She worked in a much disciplined manner in the department and took good interest in her work. She was always smiling and mingled well with her fellow comrades. She read all magazines with interest and read to others too. She tried to increase her political knowledge consciously. In that department she had to carry lot of weights and constantly work in all kinds of weather.
She took part in all the works with interest and learnt to do some things on her own too. Then she was made the section deputy commander of her unit. She was developing as a reliable comrade in that work when tragedy struck. In August 2008, it rained heavily and she was sleeping near a wall on that day. The wall collapsed on her due to the heavy rains and Sunitha died. Her martyrdom is a great loss to the growing people’s war in Dandakaranya as she was working in a crucial department which would advance the war by supplying the much needed weapons. Let us pledge to carry forward her dreams.
Naxals can escalate attacks during poll season: Report
The senior security official has also said that the Naxals are trying to prove their muscle during the upcoming general elections after their previous appeals to boycott the Chhattisgarh assembly elections failed last year. Meanwhile, Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde has announced that the government would leave no stones unturned in dealing strictly with Naxal terror. The Home Ministry on 17th February had sent letters to director generals and chief secretaries of the nine Naxal-hit states, alerting them about possible terror attacks before the upcoming elections.
The nine Naxal-hit states include Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. The security agencies on February 2 had obtained documents from Jamui district in Bihar. The documents had a blue print of the Naxal plan to boycott upcoming elections. In one of the documents titled ‘Election Boycott’, all the regional commanders of the Naxals were ordered to increase attacks on security forces and political leaders, which would result in a situation of complete chaos, ultimately stopping people from reaching polling stations out of fear.
Over 12,000 killed in Naxal violence in past 20 years
Over 12,000 people, including security force personnel, have been killed by Naxals in nine Left Wing Extremism-hit states in the past 20 years. Of the total 12,183 people killed, 9,471 were civilians and 2,712 central and state security force personnel, the Home Ministry said in reply to an RTI query. The killings were reported in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
About 468 people were killed by Naxals in 1993, 376 in 1994, 396 in 1995, 541 in 1996, 583 in 1997, 489 in 1998, 595 in 1999, 548 in 2000, 564 in 2001, 481 in 2002 and 515 in 2003 in these nine states, it said. As many as 565 people lost their lives due to Naxal violence in 2004, 659 in 2005, 678 in 2006, 691 in 2007, 717 in 2008, 908 in 2009 and a huge 1,005 during 2010, the Home Ministry said. Besides, 608 people (466 civilians and 142 security force personnel), were killed in the nine states by Naxals in 2011, 415 (301 civilians and 114 security force personnel) in 2012 and 381 (267 civilians and 114 security force personnel) between January and December 15, last year, it said.
Maoists had on Tuesday ambushed a security patrol killing 16 people, including 11 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel, in Naxal-hit Sukma district of Chhattisgarh. The attack was carried out barely five km from the area where top Congress leaders of Chhattisgarh were killed in a Maoist attack in May last year. Mahendra Karma, who started anti-Naxal movement Salwa Judum, Nand Kumar Patel, Chhattisgarh Pradesh Congress Committee chief and his son Dinesh were among 25 others who were killed in the attack carried out by Naxals on May 25, 2013 in Darbha Valley of the state.
Veteran Congress leader Vidya Charan Shukla, who was also injured in the attack, later succumbed to his injuries in a Gurgaon hospital. As many as 75 CRPF personnel and a Chhattisgarh Police official were killed in a Naxal attack in Dantewada district on April 6, 2010. A total of 90 battalions (90,000 men) of central security force personnel and one Indian Reserve Naga Battalion (1,000 personnel) have been deployed for anti-Naxal operations in the nine Naxal-hit states, the reply said.
CPI(M) condemns killing of security personnel in Naxal attack
NEW DELHI: CPI(M) today condemned the killing of 15 security personnel and a civilian in a Naxal ambush in Chhattisgarh, saying it highlighted the “inadequacies” of the security strategy. “This brazen ambush in a region which has seen repeated Maoist attacks highlights the inadequacies of the security strategy meant to deal with the Maoist violence,” the party Politburo said in a statement here.
Naxal threat looming in poll-bound Andhra Pradesh, but cops alert: DGP
HYDERABAD: Andhra Pradesh has sought a 20 per cent increase in deployment of Central paramilitary forces over 2009 elections for the peaceful conduct of simultaneous Lok Sabha and Assembly polls to thwart Naxal bid to infiltrate and disrupt the electoral process. “Our main endeavour is to arrest the infiltration of Maoist dalams (squads) from across the bordering states of Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra into Andhra Pradesh…
Attack on CRPF part of Naxal call for poll boycott: Centre
Killing of 16 security personnel by Naxals in Chhattisgarh today seem to have been a well coordinated plan of CPI-Maoist which called for boycott of Lok Sabha polls as well as threatened to target leaders of Congress and BJP. The plan was conveyed to chief secretaries and DGPs of nine Naxal-affected states in two separate letters by the Centre in the past two months. Quoting Intelligence inputs, the Home Ministry had said that during a raid, security forces recovered from a Maoist hideout a document called ‘Chunao Bahiskar’ (election boycott) which spelt out details of their two-pronged strategy to disrupt forthcoming Parliamentary elections. The CPI (Maoist) plans to organise meetings, rallies, torch-light processions and cultural programmes to spread the message of poll boycott besides taking disciplinary action against its own cadres found indulging in electioneering.
“On the military front, the outfit plans to target political leaders and security forces. It has directed its cadres to make all logistic arrangements, including collecting explosives for the proposed acts of violence. “It has particularly identified leaders belonging to Congress, BJP and Jharkhand Vikas Morcha for targeting. Plans include targeting of vehicles engaged in electioneering, selective elimination and abduction of political leaders besides ambushing police and security force teams,” one of the letters said. Besides, a surrendered Naxal leader has also disclosed the group’s plans to take advantage of the rather thin and dispersed deployment of the security forces during the Lok Sabha polls, it said.
Reds eye political targets
CHINTAPALLI (VISAKHAPATNAM): With poll fever catching on, the Andhra Orissa Border Special Zonal Committee (AOBSZC) has put in place as many as eight action teams to go after high-profile targets, including politicians on their hit-list. The Visakha Agency has been put on high alert after four persons suspected of helping these action teams conduct reconnaissance missions were taken into custody at the ZP Guest House by the police on Tuesday. The cops are, however, not revealing the particulars of the arrested persons. The Reds have already scored a hit with the slaying of the sarpanch of Balapam panchayat in Chintapalli mandal of Visakha agency last month.
The deceased was a former militia commander, who was allegedly acting as a police informer. He has contested the panchayat elections and got elected unanimously despite the Maoist call for a poll boycott. It is the general practice of the Maoists to give a boycott call before every election and indulge in violence. The police bosses suspect that this time too the Naxalites have drawn up a plan to create terror among the people. Even four days before the Balapam sarpanch murder, the Visakha rural cops had got inputs from state intelligence wing higher-ups that Maoists were planning to carry out strikes before the elections to terrorize voters in the Agency areas.
The Additional DGP (intelligence) had alerted the Visakha district cops that an action team led by Commander Naveen had been formed to eliminate persons in their hit-list, sources said. Recent inputs now indicate that the Maoists are in a desperate mood to make their presence felt in the Agency area, for which they may resort to violence. Naveen, who was the Korukonda area committee commander, has been conducting recce missions in the Agency with intelligence cops gathering information about his movement at Meduru, Chintapalli, G Madugula and other places in the Visakha agency a couple of weeks ago.
Another action team headed by Anand has been conducting recce at Paderu, Pedabayalu, G Madugula areas, sources said. According to sources, the red guerillas had conducted meetings at Korukonda on February 18 and at Cheruvuru on February 20 and took a decision to show their presence in the Agency area once again by carrying out strikes. After learning of this, the cops warned all the political leaders, in particular ruling party representatives and those on the Naxalite hit-list, to take precautionary measures and go to safer places for the time being.
They also asked all persons in the Maoist hit-list to keep them posted about their whereabouts for safety reasons. Cops suspect that the Naxalites may would strike once again in the Agency in the next couple of weeks as they have been targeting Soma Raju, the brother of deceased Balapam sarpanch Sinderi Karla, Prem Singh and Sobhan, all from Rallagedda in Balapam Panchayat, as well as Gemmeli Sanjeeva Rao of Veeravaram, besides some other targets in the Agency.
Visakha Rural SP Vikram Jeet Duggal told TOI that the banned outfit may strike at any time as the cops are busy in preparing for elections. “We have information about the action teams and the movement of suspected persons in some of the vulnerable areas of the Agency. We are taking all the necessary precautions,” he said. Chintapalli DSP Ashok Kumar said they have been conducting Nakabandi and vehicle checks in various parts of Chintapalli, at interstate borders and inter-district borders as well. “We have intensified our checks at various shandies (weekly markets) and main junctions in the Agency also,” he added.
Odisha seeks 25 CPMF companies, three choppers for polls
Bhubaneswar: In the wake of an ambush by Maoists in neighbouring Chhattisgarh, Odisha Chief Electoral Officer, on Tuesday sought an extra 25 companies of para-military force and three helicopters for free and fair elections in Naxalite-hit areas. “We have sought 25 more companies of CPMF and three choppers,” Additional CEO NK Nayak said.
A company comprises around 100 personnel. Sources in home department said an alert has been issued in all the bordering districts to ensure that no influx of rebels takes place after the Chhattisgarh incident. Though the state has 89 companies of CPMF, it requires an additional 25 companies as many districts, mainly bordering Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh, are severely hit by Naxalite menace. Officials feel that choppers are essential due to inaccessibility and remoteness of areas in districts like Malkangiri, Koraput, Bolangir, Nuaparra, Kalahandi, Rayagada and Gajapati districts.
There is no mobile network in many places due to hilly terrain which impeded officials from conducting election works. Senior officials apprehend that the red rebels might sneak into Odisha as combing operations have been intensified on the other side of the border. “Division of Andhra Pradesh is also another problem for Odisha. The rebels may take advantage of that situation,” said Odisha’s former Director General of Police Gopal Nanda.
Centre pushes CoBRA and STF to revenge Maoist killing
Rattled by the Maoists attack in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh, the Centre has asked the CRPF and state police to press in units of CoBRA (commando battalion for resolute action) and special task force (STF) to inflict casualties on the adversary, especially on the unit involved in the attack.
In addition, the Centre has already asked the national technical research organisation (NTRO) to press UAVs in the region to get possible leads of the Maoists involved in the attack through aerial imagery. Late in the evening, after releasing a book ‘The Prime Minister’ by journalist Dr Anil Singh, home minister Sushilkumar Shinde, who turned up an hour late at the venue as he was “held back at the PMO”, said, “We will ruthlessly stamp out the Maoist menace.”
Intel inputs failed to prevent Maoist strike
An alert was communicated to the authorities in Bastar region on three specific occasions this month, a senior officer of the special intelligence bureau (SIB) has claimed. “On March 6, 8 and 10, we sent alerts to the CRPF and all district superintendents of police in south Bastar and communicated that Maoists were moving in from Odisha. Despite this, our people were ambushed. We need to find out how it happened,” DIG (SIB) Dipanshu Kabra told Hindustan Times. He said the SIB had “concrete inputs” from villagers about the presence of Maoists in the region. “It is for this reason that the Sukma district SP decided to enhance the strength of forces to be deployed for road opening operation on Tuesday,” he stated.
State police officer Subhash Chand, who led the road-opening operation, was among those killed. Soon after the ambush, massive reinforcements — comprising the special task force (STF) and Chhattisgarh armed forces (CAF) personnel — were rushed to the nearby forested terrain. Their mandate was to intercept the rebels who had carried out the attack. Senior police officials view the attack as “astutely planned” by the Left-wing extremists. “The CPI (Maoists) carried out their tactical counter-offensive campaign (TCOC) as they were desperate to regain their military strength and infuse confidence among their cadre. This attack was also aimed at denting the morale of security forces,” Kabra said.
AP to deploy Grey Hounds to prevent Maoist attacks
Following the attack on a CRPF search party by Maoists in neighbouring Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh Police said the elite Grey Hounds strike force will be deployed in the bordering areas with Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra. The state is facing a four layered election programme from March 30 to May 7. Explaining the need for the deployment, DGP B Prasada Rao told reporters here that a meeting with the Superintendents of Police from Telangana and Coastal AP districts was held and the situation was discussed.
New strategies to deal with the Maoist attacks have been given to the officers. “There could be efforts by the Maoists to stop the process of elections in desperation. We will have to stop the Maoist action teams,” he said, adding that so far the police have not found any movement of Dalams, but are worried that the Maoists could also target politicians and movement of ballot boxes or EVMs. “For this purpose we are also deploying helicopters. They will be stationed at Visakhapatnam, Bhadrachalam and Khammam,” he added.
Exchange of fire between police, Maoists
An exchange of fire took place between the police and the Maoists inside the Meghpal reserve forest under Jujumara block in Sambalpur district this morning, police sources said. According to the sources, a platoon of armed police force began combing operation inside the forest this morning following information that a group of Maoists have set up a camp inside the forest.
They were joined by another platoon of police from Jarang camp inside the forest. However, when the police closed in on the camp the Maoists opened fire and that led to an exchange of fire, the sources said, adding, although firing had stopped, combing operation continuing till last reports came in.
Malkangiri on alert post-Chhattisgarh attack
KORAPUT: Security forces are on high alert in Malkangiri, which shares boundary with Chhattisgarh, to stop possible influx of Maoists. This follows lethal Red attack on a convoy of security personnel at Tongpal ghati in the neighbouring district on Tuesday. Police said the place of incident is 50 km from last police outpost of Malkangiri and 10 km from border under Mathili police limits. Security forces for counter-insurgency operations have been deployed at Mathili.
“We are unaware of ultras’ retreat plan. But, our forces have intensified vigil as Maoists may try to sneak into Odisha to avoid police operation in Chhattisgarh. A red alert has been sounded and we are not leaving anything to chance,” said SP (Malkangiri) Akhileswar Singh.