On Rectifying Past Errors: Document by the New York City Branch of the New Communist Party (Organizing Committee) Regarding the Recent Split in Our Organization

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During the months of December 2013 and January 2014, it became apparent that a contradiction internal to our group between, on the one hand, our pre-party formation—the New Communist Party (Organizing Committee) (NCP(OC))—and other hand, NCP(OC) affiliates leading our (former) mass organization—the Revolutionary Student Coordinating Committee (RSCC)—tendentially began to take on the contours of a division of the organization. Indeed, the contradiction soon led to a split.

The faction that split ascribed the contradiction principally to authoritarian control of RSCC by the NCP(OC). This summation of past errors is incorrect. Rather, the basis of the contradiction that led to the split was a bureaucratic-technical separation between the pre-party formation and the mass organization, dogmatically produced by the organization itself. In this way, the split only formalized a separation that already existed in reality.

NCP(OC) affiliates in RSCC leadership and the NCP(OC) have manifested symmetrical deviations:

(1) ‘left’ opportunist deviation on part of NCP(OC) (=petty bourgeois adventurism): no directives, secrecy, leadership divorced from the masses. This left opportunist line has (i) not regarded the leading body of the party-formation as the concentrator of the will of the whole organization and (ii) has not regarded the party-formation as concentrator of the will of the masses. The ‘left’-opportunist line rejects the thesis that it is the masses that make history, and in this way rejects the Mass Line.

(2) right opportunist deviation (=bourgeois revisionism) on part of NCP(OC) affiliates in the leadership of RSCC: unwillingness to disseminate the political line of NCP(OC) in the mass organization, a ‘big tent’ politics of pluralism-cum-activism, spontaneist interpretation of political directives as ‘militarism.’ The ultra-democratic right-opportunist line rejects the thesis that the class struggle is the motor of history, and in this way rejects the Mass Line.

This might seem like a case of theoreticism versus practicalism, but to characterize it this way would be too hasty. Why?

(internal reversal 1) The NCP(OC) has not engaged in genuine theoretical practice: so the ‘left’-opportunism of the NCP(OC) is at the same time revisionist spontaneism.

(internal reversal 2) RSCC has not effectively engaged the broad masses: so the right-opportunism of NCP(OC) affiliates in the leadership of RSCC is at the same time ‘left’-opportunist adventurism.

These internal reversals indicate that the symmetrical deviations of the NCP(OC) and RSCC have a common basis. Indeed, as we know from Lenin, in general we can say that economism and voluntarism are twin expressions of a profound economism. The fundamental form of opportunism in the history of Marxism is neither ‘left’-opportunism nor right-opportunism (=revisionism), but an ‘opportunism of the center,’ whose extreme deviations only represent so many effects and variations. The theoretical foundation of opportunism resides in economism itself—that is to say: in the mechanist-evolutionist (=non-dialectical) interpretation of historical materialism. ‘Left’- and right- opportunisms are reversals internal to this economist kernel, the one seeking to think class struggle without mass participation (‘left’-opportunism), the other seeking to think the existence of classes without the political class struggle that produces them (revisionism).

To paraphrase Mao: both lines have divided the universality of MLM from the concrete practice of the mass movement—that is, the specificity of the political conjuncture; both have violated dialectical and historical materialism and have expanded partial-relative truths into universal-absolute truths; and the thinking of neither line corresponds to the actual, objective situation as a whole.

The resolution of this problem would have had to begin with sincere efforts to implement the dialectic between the mass organization and the party formation that Maoists call the ‘Mass Line.’ This would have entailed the following:

(1) within RSCC: a partial systematization of the mass ideas of the general body through ideological struggle among the masses themselves;

(2) the NCP(OC) recollects and systematizes the correct ideas of the masses in light of Marxist-Leninist-Maoist class analysis;

(3) the NCP(OC) formulates a central political directive with a revolutionary orientation that aims to transform the concrete situation in light of the class analysis carried out by the NCP(OC);

(4) the NCP(OC), as vanguard of the mass movement, leads the application of the directive by the entire body of the group;

(5) RSCC assesses the correctness of the directive through the results effectively obtained in their application. This summation produces new correct, but dispersed, ideas;

(6) we thus begin a new cycle that transforms the directive (self-criticism and rectification).

The role of the pre-party formation is to formulate slogans and directives that the masses can seize themselves, in elaborating an adequate tactics and strategy that will help the masses organize. The organized proletariat must lead the masses without commanding them—i.e., centralize mass initiatives in order to help the masses bring unified political battles.

This resolution of the contradiction would have necessarily involved drawing the NCP(OC) and RSCC closer together. However, we must not replace the dogmatism of bureaucratic-technical separation with a dogmatism of proximity. The sole guarantee of avoiding economism is to conduct a concrete analysis in each new situation, always different from all others. We must let the conjunctural analysis determine our organizational structure at each moment, rather than engaging in a sterile repetition of rote formulas.

In sum: the problem of our lack of effectiveness was referable to a bureaucratic-technical separation rather than so-called ‘militarization’ or ‘authoritarian control.’ And this bureaucratic-technical separation is in turn a product of a profound economism against which we must struggle. How, then, do we resolve the split that has broken the unity of Maoist forces in New York City? How, in other words, do we achieve a genuine principled unity?

The resolution of a contradiction is never simply an inversion. To resolve a contradiction in the manner of an inversion is to see the contradiction simply as an external relation between two terms. In fact, Mao argues in On Contradiction, it is the internal nature of the terms of the contradiction that must be taken as primary: only then can we begin to address what must be born and what must disappear in resolving the contradiction. The faction that split, prior to the split itself, proposed liquidating the organizing committee into a liaison committee. This is a resolution of the inversion-type, and (if adopted) would only have reinforced their right-opportunist line. Thus we would leave the shining path only to find ourselves marching along the freedom road. Only a genuine effort to implement the Mass Line will allow us to begin the long and difficult march towards communism.

NEW YORK CITY BRANCH, NCP(OC) March 2014

Peoples War in India Clippings 7/3/2014

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LS polls: Govt reviews security in Naxal-hit states

Ahead of Lok Sabha polls, the Centre today reviewed the security situation in Naxal-affected states and directed security forces to foil any attempt by the rebels to disrupt the election process. A high-level meeting, chaired by Cabinet Secretary Ajit Seth, took stock of the current Left Wing Extremism situation and discussed threadbare the status of action taken to maintain law and order and progress of the development activities, official sources said today.

The meeting was attended by Home Secretary Anil Goswami, Deputy National Security Advisor Nehchal Sandhu, Secretaries of Planning Commission, Ministries of Rural Development, Road Transport and Highways, Health, Power besides others. Chief Secretaries and DGPs of nine Naxal-affected states — Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Bihar, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh — participated the meeting through video conferencing.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/govt-reviews-security-in-naxal-hit-states-ahead-of-ls-polls-114030700828_1.html

‘Adequate Police Force to Be Deployed in Naxal-Hit Areas’

Three of the seven districts under North Chhotanagpur Division in Jharkhand are the most sensitive areas and adequate security personnel would be deployed there in the run up to the General Elections, a senior police official said today. “Areas under Giridih, Bokaro and Chatra districts are sensitive as they are naxalite affected. Maximum security personnel will be deployed in these areas,” Inspector General of Police (North Chhotanagpur Division) Laxman Prasad Singh told reporters here.

He chaired a meeting with SPs of Giridih, Bokaro, Chatra, Dhanbad, Koderma, Ramgarh and Hazaribagh under the division to chalk out operational strategies ahead of the three-phase elections in the state beginning April 10. “We are ready to conduct elections peacefully. A survey of booths under naxal-affected areas is also underway,” he said.

http://news.outlookindia.com/items.aspx?artid=831674

BSF seizes bundles of blank paper from Maoists

RAIPUR: Border Security Force (BSF) personnel, engaged in anti-Naxalite operations raided a forest hideout of Maoists on Thursday and seized huge quantity of blank paper to be used to print propaganda material ahead of upcoming Lok Sabha elections. A BSF spokesman said that para-military forces of 41st battalion recovered the dump from forests of Kathagaon near Koilibeda in Kanker district. He said rebels often carry computers, printers and blank paper to print Naxalite literature and other propaganda material such as pamphlets to mislead people during elections.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/BSF-seizes-bundles-of-blank-paper-from-Maoists/articleshow/31568764.cms

Two choppers sought for elections in Maoist-hit areas

VISAKHAPATNAM: The district administration has sought two choppers to ferry election staff and security forces to eight polling stations in Maoist affected areas of Paderu and Araku Assembly constituencies that are inaccessible by road. As per preliminary proposals, the district administration has also asked for 80 companies of paramilitary forces, each having more than 100 security men, and 30 special parties of Greyhounds, besides local police forces as Visakhapatnam district shares a 418 km Maoist-inflicted border with Odisha.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/Two-choppers-sought-for-elections-in-Maoist-hit-areas/articleshow/31567780.cms

Chhattisgarh: Two Maoists arrested in Kondagaon district

Two Maoists were arrested during an area domination operation in Maoist-hit Kondagaon district of Chhattisgarh, police said. The cadres of outlawed CPI (Maoist) were nabbed from the forests of Mardapal police station limits on Thursday, Kondagaon Additional Superintendent of Police Surjit Atri said. The joint squad of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and district force is on an area domination operation in Mardapal region, located around 250 kms from the State capital Raipur, since Wednesday. When the security forces reached near Malanar forest, they spotted a man trying to escape in the region and arrested him following a chase.

http://www.niticentral.com/2014/03/07/chhattisgarh-two-maoists-arrested-in-kondagaon-district-197136.html

Maoists likely to disrupt poll in Odisha, says police

Koraput (Odisha): After two Maoists were killed in an encounter in Odisha’s Koraput district, police suspects that the ultras had assembled in Mungudavalsa forest to prepare a blueprint to disrupt the general elections. The forest falls within a Maoist corridor that stretches from Narayanpatna in Koraput to Andhra Pradesh, a senior police official said. “As the twin elections are fast approaching, movement of Red rebels, including their leaders from Andhra Pradesh, has increased in the area.

We suspect that the Maoists were planning to hold a camp in Mungudavalsa forest to interrupt the poll process,” said SP (Koraput) Awinash Kumar. As two hardcore Maoists were killed in the gunbattle two days ago, police suspects that some other top cadres were present at the time of encounter but managed to escape. Police are on high alert and regular anti-Maoist operations intensified, he said. “Combing operation in and around the encounter site has been strengthened with deployment of fresh batches of security personnel. Presence of more Maoists and their belongings in the area can’t be ruled out,” said the SP.

http://www.odishatoday.com/viewnews.php?news_id=6395

World Popular Resistance Clippings 7/3/20114

CPN-Maoist lashes out at Home Minister

KATHMANDU, MAR 07 – The Mohan Baidya -led CPN-Maoist has taken exception to the House statement by Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister Bam Dev Gautam on Fujel incident. Addressing the Legislature-Parliament on Thursday, Minister Gautam had urged the agitating Nanda Prasad Adhikari and his wife Ganga Maya—who have been staging hunger strike for months demanding action against the murderer of their son, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, of Fujel in Gorkha district—to end their strike, assuring the duo of providing justice.

Cadres of former rebel Maoists had allegedly abducted their son Krishna in June, 2004, and subsequently murdered him on charge of spying against them. In a press statement on Friday, the CPN-Maoist demanded that Home Minister Gautam immediately correct his irresponsible statement. The party also demanded the government make public the situation of those disappeared during conflict and find solution to the war-era cases through the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC).

The CPN-Maoist claimed the Home Minister’s statement was against the past accords, including the 12-point pact and Comprehensive Peace Agreement, that the cases of human rights violations occurred during the conflict should be dealt by the proposed Commission on Disappearances and Truth and Reconciliation Commission so as to create an environment of social harmony. “Our party strongly condemns and reproaches the irresponsible statement aimed at fulfilling vested interests. The declaration of investigation, compensation and action procedure to the war time case is an attempt to avoid the government’s duty of conflict management and reconciliation,” the CPN-Maoist said in the statement.

http://www.ekantipur.com/2014/03/07/headlines/CPN-Maoist-lashes-out-at-Home-Minister/386380/

Four gardai injured at People’s Party protest

Three peopl have been charged in relation to public order offences at last night’s protest outside the Convention Centre in Dublin. Four gardai sustained minor injuries and at least three men were arrested last night after a peaceful anti-austerity protest outside a meeting of the European People’s Party in Dublin turned violent. Two men (one of whom is 42) and a woman (22) are due to appear before District Court No.2, Criminal Courts of Justice in Dublin today at 10.30am.

Last night, a small number of youths wearing black masks, who had been watching the protest, attacked a garda cordon and verbally abused other peaceful demonstrators outside the Convention Centre. The gardai were hurt when the hooded youths grabbed metal barriers near the Centre and pulled the barriers into the middle of the road.

http://www.independent.ie/irish-news/four-gardai-injured-at-peoples-party-protest-30071515.html

Farmers, police clash at Meja thermal power plant

ALLAHABAD: Tension mounted at Salaiya Kalan village of Meja Tehsil here on Thursday noon when agitated villagers came face to face with the district administration and started throwing stones on the police while opposing the work for constructing ash dyke by the authorities of Meja Urja Nigam Private Limited (MUNPL). MUNPL is a joint venture of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) and Uttar Pradesh Rajkiya Vidhut Nigam Limited (UPRVNL) which has been given the responsibility of constructing a 1320 mega watt thermal power plant at Meja tehsil in 2008. The villages which are affected by the power plant, located around 50 kilometres from district headquarters, include Patai, Mai Khurd, Laltara, Salaiya Khurd, Salaiyan Kalan and Jhadiyahi Sirhir.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/allahabad/Farmers-police-clash-at-Meja-thermal-power-plant/articleshow/31579062.cms

 

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Clash with palm oil company leaves one indigenous community member dead in Sumatra

A member of the Suku Anak Dalam indigenous community was killed and five others were injured during a clash with security forces on an oil palm concession owned by PT Asiatic Persada in Sumatra, reports Mongabay-Indonesia. The incident occurred Wednesday evening in Bungku, Jambi. According to eyewitness accounts, security forces raided the village and arrested Titus, a 26-year old resident, who was forcibly taken into custody. It is unclear why he was arrested.

As word of the arrest spread, a large number of residents approached the Asiatic Persada office where Titus was taken. Security responded with force, firing guns and beating the protesters, six of whom were seriously injured and taken to local hospitals. One of the victims, Pujiono, aged 40, succumbed to his injuries at 11 pm.

http://news.mongabay.com/2014/0306-asiatic-persada-palm-oil-death.html

 

Protests - Guatemala - 6

Guatemalans Protest Property Seizures to Build Power Lines

GUATEMALA CITY – Thousands of peasants gathered in this capital on Thursday to protest what they see as violations of their property rights in a plan to expand Guatemala’s electric grid. The National Coordinator of Peasant Organizations called the demonstration to persuade the Constitutional Court to nullify a 2013 government order declaring the Electric Transmission Expansion Plan, or PET, a matter of “public necessity.” With the public necessity designation, people along the route of the wires can be compelled to cede land for the project.

http://www.laht.com/article.asp?ArticleId=1713940&CategoryId=23558

 

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Greek protesters, riot police scuffle in Athens

ATHENS, Greece — Greek riot police used tear gas, pepper spray and batons in scuffles Thursday with anti-austerity protesters who took to the streets despite a partial ban on demonstrations in the capital during a visit by German President Joachim Gauck. The scuffles in central Athens broke out when a group of several dozen demonstrators attempted to break through a police cordon set up on a major avenue as they headed toward the Finance Ministry.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/greek-protesters-riot-police-scuffle-in-athens/2014/03/06/475f7250-a51b-11e3-b865-38b254d92063_story.html

NCP (OC): Self-Criticism and Summation on Patriarchy

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Self-Criticism and Summation on Patriarchy

Since the First Congress ten months ago, the NCP (OC) has expelled multiple founding members in multiple cities for male chauvinism. The expulsions and related discussions consumed much of the internal activity of the organization. This rendered the central organs and particular units otherwise dysfunctional for substantial periods of time.

We are only now beginning to emerge from this crisis, which can be traced to our origins as an organization founded by members with political backgrounds in anarchism and social-democratic revisionism. The continued dominance of these ideologies allowed liberalism and low standards of membership to flourish. Women were relegated to a relative exteriority within the organization and its areas of work, the opposite of the Maoist organization dominated by women leaders and militants that is demanded by our time.

The expelled former members, all cis men, each engaged in the first or several or most of the following: 1) verbal and physical abuse of women, including violent grabbing or pushing; 2) failure to rectify for sexual opportunism and unwanted physical contact towards woman comrades; 3) alcoholism combined with harassment and sexual objectification of multiple women; 4) use of misogynistic slurs like “bitch,” “cunt,” and “hooker”; 5) discussion of women currently or formerly involved in mass work as sex objects; 6) refusal to accept responsibility, conduct honest self-criticism, and carry out rectification when confronted with the above; and 7) deliberate misrepresentation of the actual circumstances of expulsion, including downplaying instances of male chauvinism and explaining expulsions as if they were a matter of theoretical or political differences.

With considerable re-organization completed, the NCP (OC) is at a juncture requiring the initiation of a lengthy process of self-criticism on the problem of male chauvinism and a summation of its handling from which to derive lessons for the future. This is the beginning of a broader political and organizational review of the NCP (OC)’s first year of existence.

Hard lines must be drawn here: if the NCP (OC), prior to the multiple expulsions, had succeeded in growing beyond its initial numbers and becoming a political force—which would mean the recruitment of more cis men, the only people who in any likelihood would join—it would have to be smashed by working-class women. The organization would have functioned as yet another instrument of the bourgeois class enemy opposed to working-class women.

If the NCP (OC) in the current moment fails to conduct a thorough self-criticism at all levels and a proper summation that serves the struggle for women’s emancipation, this must remain its fate. It is better to have no organization at all, than an organization that allows male chauvinism to fester and abusers of women to stay within or enter its ranks.

First self-criticism: The NCP (OC) was founded on the basis of a male chauvinist and misogynist liberalism toward patriarchy in practice.

Drafted principally by women and queer members of the NCP (OC), resolutions against patriarchy and on the queer struggle were adopted by the First Congress without substantive discussion—in other words, as formal gestures that had little to do with the practice of the organization.

Likewise, the anti-patriarchy rectification campaign passed at the First Congress was at best a toothless measure and at worst a hypocrisy. It remained a meaningless organizational policy until the first actual expulsion for male chauvinism.

The misogynist liberalism of the organization was reflected above all else in the initial ambivalence shared by many of its members on the question of expelling founding members engaged in male chauvinist practice.

Ambivalence in this regard was a fundamental liberalism: the failure to take a clear partisan stance on the participation and development of women in the organization.Liberalism was covered up by concerns of offering “rectification” to male chauvinists who indicated no willingness to transform, couched in “Maoist” phraseology, but in essence reflective of a culture of men protecting other men from organizational discipline. Following the expulsions, liberalism here continued to find expression in a lack of clarity among individual members on the matter. There can be no compromise when it comes to fidelity to the principle of women’s emancipation.

Second self-criticism: “Proletarian feminism” for the NCP (OC) has meant the theoretical liquidation of women’s oppression.

While recognizing that the struggle of women must be integrated with the class struggle for political power, it is necessary to develop an analysis that grasps the particularities of women’s oppression in a social formation where the capitalist mode of production prevails. This means analyzing women’s oppression in terms of the gender-based division of labor within wage labor and between wage labor and unpaid reproductive labor, and in the capitalist commodification of women.

The contradiction between men and women has an antagonistic aspect and a non-antagonistic aspect. The assessment upheld by many in the US that this contradiction among the people is “non-antagonistic, except in individual cases of abuse” is a class reductionist and liquidationist position.

In the absence of a leading party guided by a revolutionary proletarian feminist line and in the absence of a revolutionary proletarian feminist movement, the antagonistic aspect here is dominant. It can be transformed into a non-antagonistic contradiction only in concrete conditions where the revolutionary proletarian feminist line is becoming dominant among the masses and proletarian women are developing toward a reality of possessing coercive force against their exploiters and oppressors. In other words, the contradiction between men and women has a relative character in relation to the principal contradiction.

Third self-criticism: “Rectification” for the NCP (OC) has meant the notion of keeping around cis men with male chauvinist practice and assigning tasks (e.g. write apologies, attend counseling, etc.) that did not transform their practice.

The notion that male chauvinists should be allowed to remain in an organization or on its periphery, in order to be “struggled” against, will only lead to an organization that no new women comrades would ever want to join.

Communist organizations must serve to organize women. It is only when women constitute a substantial part or majority of the leadership and membership that men will truly transform.

Can there be a Maoist feminism?

In the US, “Maoism” as the name of a concrete political tendency composed of real groups and individuals, is a patriarchal tendency. This has been made clear to us by our own experience. It is a tendency populated in substantial part by women-hating reactionaries, distinguished from the women-hating reactionaries of the broader society only by a semi-skilled usage of feminist discourse. Transformation is possible only though the deployment of Maoism as that which divides this situation.

As a beginning, there must be a refusal of the revisionist notion that communist organizations will inevitably serve as mirrors in which the objective contradictions of the existing class society are reflected. We have seen this take several forms:

-The notion that male chauvinism is dominant among the masses and will therefore be unleashed within the organization itself if the organization is truly integrated with the masses. The notion that expelling male chauvinists from a communist organization means that one is not properly “handling contradictions.”

-The notion that the masses of women are dominated by male chauvinist ideas just like men, and therefore, it is implied, are oppressors themselves indistinguishable from men. While women also take up patriarchal ideology, there is no relationship of symmetry here.

-The notion that the masses of women are not interested in politics, as it is traditionally an enterprise for men, and therefore any political organization will be overwhelmingly composed of men at the outset, that this is not reflective of errors in theory and practice.

-The notion that the development of women as leaders and militants in a communist organization, and the implementation of policy towards this end, is not a political question, that it is a “personal” question or “identity politics.” Reactionary ideas emerge in communist organizations, but there must be a continuous process of struggle against them and their unapologetic representatives to impose the proletarian line.

* * *

The preparatory period for the First Congress of the NCP (OC) was not a preparatory period of communist militants. Likewise, the Congress itself was not a congress of communist militants.

Both the preparatory period and the Congress were thoroughly defined by the political backgrounds of founding members in anarchism and social-democratic revisionism, despite a ceremonial adherence to “Marxism-Leninism-Maoism” (“MLM”) and an empirical assessment of the “contributions” of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao.

A clear opportunism in the theoretical sphere expressed itself in decisions to come to a superficial unity on fundamental questions in Maoism, including the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the universality of people’s war, and the party concept. This is reflected in the organization’s Principles of Unity, a pronounced practicalist deviation among its members, and the absence of concrete analysis, which led to the severing of theory and practice, as only concrete analysis can mediate theory and practice.

“Upholding MLM” or claiming “Maoism” in the current US context is worthless without an analysis of the situation and an organized practice extending from such an analysis.

A key link in this organized practice today is the development of women as leaders and militants guided by a proletarian political line, the central criterion by which every organization and every individual must be judged.

Did the revisionist 1977 congress of the Chinese Communist Party not hail Mao Zedong as the “greatest Marxist of our time,” affirm his “immortal contributions,” and announce the importance of his “systematic theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat”?

Once we recognize that the advance of revisionism, even the restoration of capitalism itself, can take place under a red banner proclaiming Mao’s contributions, it becomes clear that one’s subjective identification as a Maoist and declarations of support for certain historical sequences and ongoing Maoist revolutions in other countries constitute only the most meager and ultimately vanishing basis for revolutionary work.

Just as one can say “continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat” when one in fact means capitalist restoration, one can say “Maoism” and “proletarian feminism” when one means in actuality the oppression of women.

The entire membership of the NCP (OC) March 2014

ITALY: 8 MARCH – CALL!-MFPR

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ITALY – From the Women’s Strike to our grasp of a Red Women’s Day, to the struggle of women in every aspect of the conditions of life

The 25 November, with the women’s strike “against femicides, rapes, sexual violence and the entire condition of women” we lit many fires, from the North to the South of the country. It was a historical event, new, that fills us with strength and pride. With this feeling we closed a terrible year because of hundreds of femicides/rapes, the attacks by government and bosses on our conditions of life and job, the general climate of oppression. With this feeling and even more determined, we opened 2014, which began with new femicides.

The women’s strike, that has given rise to moments of struggle, joy, anger, rebellion against this society, mother of all the forms sexual violence, was just the beginning and represents a step of a long, tortuous but shining path of struggle strong actions of women for what we desire and deserve … to break the double chains that this barbaric capitalist society has imposed on us, to unleash the fury of women as a powerful force of revolution against this system and its modern Middle Age!

The strike of the women marked a point of no return: women do not want anymore just to denounce and complain, they rebel and fight. And then we say to men who hate women, the bosses, the government, the state which hate women: “never the same again!” “All life must change!” Today we feel stronger also because the strike of women has drawn a dividing line between the real struggle of the most exploited and oppressed women, the rebel girls, and the institutionalized feminism of the political/parliamentary élites.

Women workers in the factories, toilers, the precarious workers in many jobs have been the majority part of this “women’s strike”, women who took the “strike” in their hands, giving a definite sign of class to the general battle of all women. They were joined by the girls, students, which brought to the strike, in the street demos, the fresh wind of their beautiful rebellion, shouting “you’ll never get us as you want us”. The intertwinement of class and gender that the women’s strike led was and is the right weapon, a “danger” for bosses, government, State, men which hate women. A “mix” that now we have to extend, from many small fires it will become a single big fire. Therefore, this year THE WOMEN’S DAY IS EVEN MORE RED, STRUGGLING AND PROLETARIAN!

A day of protests, struggling actions in many cities, from South to North, from Palermo to Taranto, Milan, Bologna, Rome, etc. A Women’s Day that unites all the battles of women, against the low-intensity conflict that kills us and on our whole condition of life, against all forms of oppression, against the modern Middle Age that governments and the State of the masters impose on us.

A Women’s Day that unites in the same struggle Italian and immigrant women, humiliated, harassed and even drowned, as happened in Lampedusa. A Women’s Day that will be a “bridge” to the women, workers, who struggle in other countries: Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, etc.., to the revolutionary comrades, communist women who are at the forefront of people’s wars, from India to the Philippines, Turkey … to change earth and heaven!

A Women’s Day to say “stop” modern fascism, no more reformism, we want make revolution! If we want to change all our life, the whole society must be toppled!

A Women’s Day that, with the shout of women in struggle, refuses and smashes the hypocrite mass media campaign of the representatives of bourgeois politics aimed to stifle the fury of women as a powerful force of the revolution!

A Women’s Day in which, as in the “Women’s Strike”, workers, toilers, young women take in their hands the initiative to restore the historical dignity, the class truth of the Women’s Day, because it is not for all women, is not inter-classist, it belongs to the most exploited and oppressed women, who are the majority of the women who rise up, the girls who fight for a different future.

FROM THE WOMEN’S DAY TO ALL DAYS

In the women’s strike we built a platform of demands, uniting needs and dreams of the struggling women. Let us develop on each of its points concrete struggles, a campaign of organization and action, even lawsuits, to achieve results that help our general struggle and give us more strength and confidence that we can must struggle.

Let us develop struggles in the cities, neighbourhoods, for a job for women, for a guaranteed wage that gives them the economic independence, against the precarious job and also against the double work, etc.

Let us organize mobilization in the factories against the discrimination, the attacks on the rights of women, on maternity, for conditions of work and shifts that do not punish women, against sexual harassment, against the sexist climate prevailing in the unions and also among workers, with new initiatives and claims, breaking the schemes.

And then let us unite the different battles to build together a national-wide mobilization against the government, the State of the masters, with a siege of the buildings of Power and the women of bourgeois power. Let us open in the schools also the struggle on the cultural, ideological front, against the false sexist culture, aimed to oppress and kill the critical knowledge, a true science, to put as unchangeable the reality of women, their traditional role in the society. We want revolution on everything!

Revolutionary Proletarian Feminist Movement – Italy

mfpr.naz@gmail.com –femminismo rivoluzionario.blogspot.com

Peoples War in India Clippings 5/3/2014

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Six phase polling in Bihar for better force availability

With an aim to guard Naxal-hit areas, Bihar’s Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Ajay V Nayak said on Wednesday that polling will be spread over six phases so that the central paramilitary forces could be made available on “d-day” in these areas. “The number of phases had to be increased to six in Bihar because we do not have adequate Central Paramilitary Forces as demanded and this could be made available from other areas for smooth conduct of elections particularly in the Maoists infested areas,” Nayak told reporters.

“Naxal-affected areas of Bihar contiguous to Jharkhand will have polls together on April 10 to facilitate better security availability,” he said explaining the reasons for expanding polling to six days in Bihar.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/six-phase-polling-in-bihar-for-better-force-availability/

Cache of explosives recovered in MP

Balaghat (MP), Mar 5 (PTI) A cache of explosives was recovered from Mandai forest area in naxal-infested Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh, police said today. Acting on a tip-off, police searched Mandai forest area on Chilpi road bordering Chhattisgarh yesterday and recovered an iron container, two batteries (12 volt), an electronic detonator, TNT 18.700 kg, 1 kg glass pieces, six kg urea, 22 feet electric wire and naxal pamphlets, Balaghat Superintendent of Police (SP) Gaurav Tiwari told reporters here.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/4470118_Cache-of-explosives-recovered-in-MP.html

Odisha seeks more forces for LS, assembly polls on April 10, 17

Bhubaneswar: Odisha has sought additional security forces to ensure free and fair Lok Sabha and Assembly elections on April 10 and April 17, the state’s Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) said on Wednesday. “We have already 89 companies of central para-military force in the state. We have sought additional force to conduct free and fair elections in both the Naxal hit areas and other parts of the state,” Mona Sharma, the CEO, Odisha, told reporters.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/odisha/odisha-seeks-more-forces-for-ls-assembly-polls-on-april-10-17_915912.html

RPF/PLA cadre nabbed, explosives seized

Imphal, March 04 2014 : A team of Imphal West District Police commandos arrested one active member of RPF/PLA identified as Huimi Ningshen (38) s/o Dickson Ningshen of Kangpat Khunou, Ukhrul district but presently staying in a rented house of Tabitha Ningshen of Chingmeirong Mamang Leikai on March 2, said a press release issued by SP/NAB, Manipur cum PRO, Police Department. Following his revelation, one IED weighing about 1.5 kg, seven battery sets, five detonators, one receiver and one remote control device were seized from the rented house of Sukumaya Chithung (46) w/o Ngayaomi Cithung of Tangkhul Avenue.

http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=Snipp12..050314.mar14

World Popular Resistance Clippings 5/3/2014

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Outlawed killed in Chuadanga ‘shootout’

A regional leader of the outlawed Purba Bangla Communist Party was killed in a ‘shootout’ with police at Jagannathpur village in Damurhuda upazila in Chuadanga district early Wednesday, police said. The deceased was identified as Abul Kashem, 35, son of Juron Ali, a resident of Boalmari village in Mujibnagar upazila of Meherpur district, UNB reported.

Police said on secret information that a group of the outlawed party members was holding a clandestine meeting at a mango orchard of one Kanaibabu at the village, a team of police led by Rabiul Islam, sub-inspector of Damurhuda police station, conducted a raid in the area in the dead of night. Sensing the presence of the law enforcers, the criminals hurled three crude bombs on them forcing them to retaliate that triggered a gunfight. At one stage, Kashem was caught in the line of fire during the gun battle and died on the spot while his accomplices managed to flee the scene.

http://www.newagebd.com/detail.php?date=2014-03-05&nid=85588#.UxdR3JK77yw

UCPN (M) strayed from communist ideal: Chand

NAWALPARASI, MAR 05 – CPN-Maoist Secretary Netra Bikram Chand has said the party cannot give up the values and agenda of the people’s war. Addressing a press conference organised by federation of revolutionary journalists here in Parasi on Wednesday, the CPN leader rubbished the rumour of unification with the UCPN (Maoist) as the latter has been entrapped in the quicksand of parliamentary system and would never be able to get out of it.

Chand arrived here in Bardaghat of the district to felicitate the families of those martyred and disappeared during the people’s war. The CPN-Maoist leader remarked that all the communist parties are one in terms of ideology and that his party is ready to take up any kind of step in order to fulfill the commitment of the people’s war. “We are not talking about armed revolt,” said leader Chand. “But our party is ready to launch any kind of struggle in view of the situation and there won’t be any kind of limitation.” He claimed that the agreements signed between the then seven parties and the Maoists had been violated time and again. There should be an all-side roundtable conference to give an outlet to the nation, he added.

Saying that his party’s current struggle is from the table, the CPN-Maoist leader said, “We won’t back track even if we have to stage armed revolt.” He went on to say that the main obstacle to the unification with the UCPN (Maoist) was the party leaders’ steep fall from moral and political grounds. “The Maoist revolt had grossly perverted by the time it arrived in Kathmandu from Rolpa,” said leader Chand, “It is not possible to unite with the party that has strayed from the Maoist ideology.”

He claimed that the UCPN (Maoist) did not have the principle and working policy to liberate the people. He warned that the CPN-Maoist party would go before the people if the parties tried to sideline it in the name of majority system. He lashed out at Prime Minister Sushil Koirala for his remark that Tanakpur lies is India.

http://www.ekantipur.com/2014/03/05/headlines/UCPN-M-strayed-from-communist-ideal-Chand/386286/

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8 Hurt in protests in Colombian capital

At least eight people were injured Tuesday when Colombian police used tear gas against commuters gathered at a Bogota bus terminal to protest poor service. Protests were staged at at least seven terminals of the Transmilenio system, but the most serious situation occurred at the Suba station, where riot police in armored vehicles fired tear gas and chaos ensued. Eight people were injured at the Suba station, including a man who hit his head when he fell from a height of 3 meters (10 ft.).

The man was undergoing emergency surgery at a nearby hospital, municipal authorities said. “I have been informed that there is a blockage and there is one person injured,” said Bogota Mayor Gustavo Petro, who arrived at Suba to try and calm the situation. Three other people injured at the Suba terminal were also hospitalized, while four were given first aid on the scene. A pregnant woman who was in the Venecia station was taken to the Veraguas Clinic for treatment of effects resulting from gas inhalation. The demonstrations began very early in the morning when hundreds of users blockaded stations in different parts of the city to protest travel delays.

http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2014/03/04/8-hurt-in-protests-in-colombian-capital/

Chinese IBM workers erupt in protests over layoffs, Lenovo deal

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. — Thousands of IBM workers in China – some carrying banners describing IBM as a “Sweat Shop” and “We are not merchandise” and many wearing blue lab coats – launched protests Monday that continued Tuesday in reaction to layoffs and the sale of IBM’s low-end server business to Lenovo. Unlike at the Research Triangle Park complex where layoffs spark little if any public protest, including layoffs that started last week, the IBM facility in Shenzhen City was blocked with hundreds of protesters gathered at the entrance.

http://wraltechwire.com/chinese-ibm-workers-erupt-in-protests-over-layoffs-lenovo-deal/13448578/

Kenya Police Scatter Protesting Drivers Snarling Nairobi Traffic

Kenyan paramilitary police dispersed public-transport drivers who paralyzed traffic by blocking roads in the capital, Nairobi, in a protest against increased parking fees. Operators of buses, commuter vans, known as matatus, and taxi-cab drivers stopped traffic on some of Nairobi’s busiest streets including Thika highway, Jogoo Road and the central business district since early morning as motorists headed to work. Around noon, ground-level shops in the business district locked their doors as armed police carrying batons and shields chased protesters by foot and apprehended motorists and bus drivers as they tried to reclaim their parked vehicles.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-03-05/kenya-readies-riot-police-as-strike-causes-gridlock-in-nairobi.html

Women Martyrs of The Indian Revolution-Kummadthong Martyrs

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Comrade Vetti Channi

Martyrdom : 11-08-2008

Vetti Channi was born in a poor adivasi family in Kummodthong village. She was a young comrade aged 24 years. Channi was influenced by revolutionary politics since she was a child. She began understanding about the atrocities committed by the exploiting governments on the poor people even from her childhood. Channi thought that without a Maoist movement these atrocities would not end. She decided to end the patriarchal oppression on women by joining the revolutionary movement.

In 2004, Channi joined the Gram Raksha Dal. She participated in activities along with Jan Militia members and mingled well with them. Seeing her political development, the party transferred her to work in KAMS in 2007. She was elected to the village committee of KAMS and she participated in activities conducted to solve all kinds of problems of the village people. Her role in solving the problems of the people was commendable.

She prepared the people to fight back the repression of the state and thus fulfilled her responsibilities as an organizer well. On 11 August, 2008, she went to the camping site of the Jan Militia from her field carrying an axe on her shoulders. Just then the police started firing on them. She was hit by a police bullet in her chest and she fell down and died on the spot. The police took off her clothes and put on her the dress of the militia members which they got from their bags to hide the fact that she was an unarmed person. They took her dead body to Dornapal. Comrade Channi died while fulfilling her responsibilities as a disciplined soldier in the revolutionary movement. Let us humbly bow our head and pay homage to her.

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Comrade Sodi Idime

Sodi Idime was born in a middle class adivasi family in the village Tolnai (Konta Tehsil, Dantewada district, South Bastar division). She was just eighteen years old when she was killed by the police in indiscriminate firing. Idime studied till fourth standard in Dornapal and was staying there from 2003 for studies. In 2006, when she was in Dornapal, the fascist Salwa Judum repressive campaign has already started. The Salwa Judum goons did not spare the school going students too and it became very difficult for the students to continue studying in the midst of their harassment. Many of them were forcefully turned into SPOs. Idime was not at all for it and she did not want her life to be associated with this fascist outfit which perpetrated untold atrocities on her own people. She ran away from her school.

When Idime came back to her village the terror of Salwa Judum was seen everywhere. Everything belonging to the people was destroyed. Many of them were forcefully taken to the sibirs. She saw with her own eyes what kind of ‘development’ the government is forcing on the people. She saw how women were raped and how whole villages were being razed down. She decided that she would join the PLGA and fight back these fascist forces. Idime was not new to revolutionary politics. She knew about the party and PLGA from her childhood as they carried out activities in their village. She always made it a point to meet the squad and wish it ‘’Lal Salaam” whenever it came to their village.

As she was a student she began reading party literature too. Finally she decided to join the party and placed the proposal in front of the squad commander. The Area Committee immediately decided to recruit her and gave the responsibility of bringing her to the appointment to the Penta Jan Militia comrades. She was given an appointment in Kummadthong village on 11 August, 2008.

On 11-08-2009, the Penta Jan Militia comrades camped at a site and sent three comrades to bring her. Just a few minutes after Idime came to the site the police attacked them and Idime died in that indiscriminate firing by the police. This is one of the saddest incidents in the revolutionary movement as this young girl died even without getting a chance to work for the cause she had chosen to dedicate her life to. Let us vow to build a society where students who want to serve the masses could do so without any hindrance or losing their lives

Peoples War in India Clippings 4/3/2014

Government for leaner but trained force in Maoist-affected areas for polls

NEW DELHI: The government may have patted its back over the success of Chhattisgarh state elections amid unprecedented security last year. But a home ministry advisory to Maoist-infested states has criticized the way security arrangements were made in Chhattisgarh. It asked for a leaner but trained force to handle the Lok Sabha polls. Anticipation of attacks in the wake of Maoist call to boycott polls in Chhattisgarh had seen the government deploying close to one lakh security personnel on the ground. The MHA advisory said such heavy deployment forced the state to requisition forces which were not trained to fight Naxals and thus heightened security risks.

The advisory said: “It was seen during Chhattisgarh assembly elections that the demand/availability of security forces appeared more than actually required in some places. Consequently, the security forces of states with no LWE (Left Wing Extremism) orientation were deployed which resulted in problem of ensuring their own security. It is suggested that in ‘A category’ districts (those with heavy Naxal presence) the emphasis should be on the quality of forces rather than just large numbers.” It said additional deployment in ‘A category’ districts should largely comprise paramilitary forces rather than state forces from non-LWE affected states which do not have the requisite tactical orientation.

During the assembly polls, 56,000 troops were brought from outside to boost security in the state. Their deployment was a huge exercise with CRPF putting into action 83 companies just for road opening exercise. A major part of this induction had no prior experience of fighting the Naxals. “One commandant from a paramilitary force demanded a vehicle for movement of forces—a strict no-no in Naxal areas as Maoists plant IEDs on roads,” said a senior CRPF officer pointing out the dangers of putting untrained forces in Naxal areas. The advisory also asked states to intensify anti-Naxal operations in the run-up to elections saying they could be carried out only till March 15. It also noted that “in the last four months anti-Naxal operations have not yielded results in terms of attrition among the Maoists”.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Government-for-leaner-but-trained-force-in-Maoist-affected-areas-for-polls/articleshow/31359047.cms

Cash, ammunition seized from Naxal hideouts

Rajnandgaon, Mar 4 (PTI) In a major haul, a whopping Rs 29 lakh were seized from a Maoist dump in Chhattisgarh’s Rajnandgaon district, police said today. Besides, ammunition and electronic gadgets were also recovered from two separate Naxal hideouts in the region.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/4464408_Cash–ammunition-seized-from-Naxal-hideouts-.html

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Maoist arrested in Palamu during anti-Naxal operation by police

A Maoist cadre was arrested with arms and ammunition from Rangai village in Palamu district, police said on Tuesday. Sanjay Bhuiyan, member of Roshanji-squad, was arrested during anti-naxal ‘Operation Winner’ late on Tuesday night, Superintendent of Police YS Ramesh and CRPF Commandant Anil Minz said. The operation has been continuing for the past four days in Palamu district, Ramesh said. A loaded magazine, which was looted from the police in the past, a walkie-talkie set, 11 detonator wires, 60 cartridges and one empty magazine were recovered from his possession.

http://ibnlive.in.com/news/maoist-arrested-in-palamu-during-antinaxal-operation-by-police/455784-3-233.html

 

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Undertrial Naxal serving life sentence escapes from court

Two prisoners, including a hardcore Maoist serving life sentence, escaped from court premises at Ghatsila, around 45 km from Jamshedpur on Monday, a senior police officer said. CPI (Maoist)’s Phogra Munda, serving life sentence in a murder case as well as facing trial in several other cases in Ghorabandha, Shyamsunderpur and other police stations in Maoist-affected Ghatsila sub-division of East Singhbhum, managed to escape soon after production in court, Superintendent of Police (Rural) Shailendra Kumar Sinha said.

http://ibnlive.in.com/news/undertrial-naxal-serving-life-sentence-escapes-from-court/455661-3-233.html

Magisterial probe ordered in encounter of suspected Naxals

Raipur: A magisterial probe has been ordered into an encounter between security forces and Naxalites early this year in Chhattisgarh’s Kanker district, in which two suspected cadres were killed. Kanker Collector Alarmelmangai D has ordered the magisterial enquiry headed by Sub-Divisional Magistrate of Antagarh to investigate the encounter near Michewada Hills around two months back, an official said.

http://freepressjournal.in/magisterial-probe-ordered-in-encounter-of-suspected-naxals/

Two suspected Maoists killed in Odisha encounter

Police say they were suspected to be members of the CPI (Maoist)’s “Andhra Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee” Two suspected Maoists were killed during an exchange of fire inside the jungle under the Pottangi police station area of Koraput district in south Odisha on Tuesday. Speaking to The Hindu, Koraput Superintendent of Police (SP) Awinash Kumar said as per initial reports the uniform of the slain men hinted that they were Maoist commanders.

Their identity was being ascertained. But they were suspected to be members of Koraput-Srikakulam division under the “Andhra Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee” (AOBSZC) of the outlawed CPI (Maoist). The security personnel have also seized two carbines, two magazines of fire arms and a grenade from the encounter spot. The encounter occurred during an anti-Maoist operation by the District Voluntary Force (DVF) of Koraput police, which had been initiated following intelligence reports that a group of hardcore Maoists were camping in the jungle under Pottangi police station bordering Andhra Pradesh.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/two-maoists-killed-in-odisha-encounter-near-pottangi/article5750141.ece

Two Naxals held in Chhattisgarh

Raipur: Two Naxals, including one carrying a reward on his head, were arrested during a search operation in Maoist-affected Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh. The cadres were nabbed by a team of local police from the forests of Burji village under Gangalur police station limits last evening, a senior police official said. On sensing the security personnel near them, the duo made an attempt to escape but they were chased and nabbed, he said. During investigation, they admitted to being involved in the movement, he said. The two ultras were identified as Kadti Sannu (24) and Hemla Somlu (30), he said.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/chhattisgarh/two-naxals-held-in-chhattisgarh_915658.html

World Popular Resistance Clippings 4/3/2014

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Bilbao demonstration over Economic Summit turns into riot with shops looted and mass vandalism

PROTESTS in Bilbao ahead of the national Economic Summit have turned violent and led to seven arrests after widespread damage was caused to shops, bank branches and bars in the city centre. Dozens of demonstrators, wearing balaclavas to avoid being identified, set fire to wheelie-bins and caused injuries to riot police who attempted to pin them down, emergency services claim. At least 50 protesters were ordered to show their ID, but only seven were taken into custody. Several police officers from the Ertzaintza – the Basque Country’s answer to the Guardia Civil – suffered cuts and bruises and one had to be taken to A&E after a stone was thrown at him.

The demonstration started at around 11.00hrs to protest over the Global Spain Forum 2014, and quickly got out of hand. Graffiti was sprayed over branches of high-street banks, including the BBK, Santander and Barclays, and a local Rénault dealership and the café of the Hotel de Villa suffered damage. A minority group of protesters threw stones and began to strike windows of chain stores such as Zara, Desigual, Mango and the Corte Inglés department store with iron bars and even manhole covers and bins they had ripped up. Some smashed windows and looted the premises, sabotaged the inside and scattered merchandise all over the floor in scenes which mirrored the UK riots of the summer of 2011. Vandalism to park benches and lamp posts was also reported, and firefighters were called out to deal with arson attacks on bins. Objects were thrown at the regional government office, which was also covered in graffiti, and stones were hurled at police cars.

http://news.gnom.es/news/bilbao-demonstration-over-economic-summit-turns-into-riot-with-shops-looted-and-mass-vandalism

Farmers risk stiff sentences for protesting land grabs

Since the beginning of 2014 over 149 farmers have been detained for protesting the return of grabbed land, according to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP). Many of the farmers have been charged with trespass as well as violating the notorious Section 18 of the Peaceful Assembly and Procession Law, which requires individuals to obtain a permit from local authorities allowing them to demonstrate. “The directives of the President are not in effect at the bottom level. The laws are not in effect at the bottom level. This is not a good sign,” said Bo Kyi of the AAPP. The Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission released a report at the end of February uncovering 745 cases of land seizure. According to the report, more than 500,000 acres of land has been grabbed by the army, local government authorities and private companies.

http://www.elevenmyanmar.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5254:farmers-risk-stiff-sentences-for-protesting-land-grabs&catid=44:national&Itemid=384

Gogoi faces ire of tea garden workers

JORHAT: Chief minister Tarun Gogoi faced public ire at Dipling tea estate, in Kakotibari police limits of Sivasagar district, when he attended a public meeting there on Monday. Hundreds of irate tea garden workers shouted slogans against the Assam government’s failure to provide them with basic amenities. Police tried to control the situation, but in vain. The angry workers, under the leadership of Sadou Asom Caah Janajati Suraksha Samiti, organized a protest meet at Dipling playground to condemn the government’s “apathy” towards them. Police resorted to lathi charge to control the mob and at least 15 persons, including three women, were injured. Two women police personnel also suffered injuries. Sivasagar SP Bijoy Giri Kuligam said that a few minutes after the CM addressed the public meeting, some workers staged a protest. “We resorted to lathi charge to control the mob,” he said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/guwahati/Gogoi-faces-ire-of-tea-garden-workers/articleshow/31387786.cms

Police clash with Kokstad land invaders

FARMERS in Kokstad, in southern KwaZulu-Natal, are worried about their land after a recent spate of land invasions and protests in the area. On Monday, Kokstad local municipality officials, police and private security guards demolished dozens of shacks built by land invaders on private land near Bongweni Township. The shack dwellers tried to protest but were dispersed by police and security guards. Last month hundreds of people partitioned land on another side of the small town. Last week scores of people — who call themselves Kokstad Landless People — protested outside Ohlange Cash and Carry supermarket until Saturday, claiming its owners had bought land set aside for houses.

The farms around Kokstad play a crucial role in the economy of the town and the latest land invasion has created fear in the farming community. A farmer, who asked not to be named, said a recent meeting had resolved to increase security in the farming areas. “Yesterday they invaded municipal land. Who knows what they will do next. We cannot leave anything to chance.”

http://www.bdlive.co.za/national/2014/03/04/police-clash-with-kokstad-land-invaders