The Sangh Parivar sponsored, Modi led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government that came to power by criticising several of UPA’s policies is not only aggressively pursuing all the pro-imperialist and pro-corporate policies of UPA-1 and 2, but is also surpassing them, vying for the post of ‘best comprador ever’ from the imperialists. It is taking up aggressive moves to sell-out the country shamelessly in the name of developing it by bringing in as much FDI as possible (the goal being 100%) into several key sectors including defence, railways, insurance, banking, media and into those sectors that are still untouched directly due to resistance of the people and contradictions within the ruling classes.
Pro-capitalist (or anti-worker) amendments to labour laws, hike in passenger and freight fares in railways, price hikes of daily commodities, petrol, diesel hikes and electricity cuts, transferring seven Telangana mandals to Andhra Pradesh against the will of the people, speeding up construction of the destructive Polavaram project as a national project, naked projection of Hindu chauvinism, saffronisation of education, attacks on dalits and targeting of Muslims in the name of ‘communal riots’ are just a few of its anti-people measures. These fascists amended several laws concerning economic, political, social, cultural and environmental fields that preserved the rights of the people and the country at least to some extent and threw several laws into the dust bin. They passed several anti-people and treacherous bills during the first session of the parliament.
They did all this with their so-called brute majority and declared that they would do whatever they wish. Some people have euphemistically termed this government UPA-3; the continuity of the anti-people measures was too obvious to miss. But Modi and Co. do make a difference. Otherwise the imperialists and the Indian ruling classes would not have spent thousands of crores of rupees to bring them into power at this juncture.
The agenda hasn’t changed. But the pace has reached an unprecedented haste. The imperialists need to overcome their economic crisis and the comprador ruling classes need to collaborate more with them. For that they need to loot the natural wealth, markets and labour power of countries like India, for that they need to exploit the working masses more, for that they need to establish more control and for that they need to crush the resistance of the people to their so-called development projects. For that they need to wipe out the Maoists who are ‘the biggest threat’ to their loot of this country, who are in the and leading the fight against them and building a new political power of the people and an alternative model of development with the aim of building our beloved country as a genuine independent, sovereign, self-reliant and federal democratic republic.
The difference that No.1 traitors and fascists Modi and Co. could make would be in the scale of aggressiveness in pursuing these policies, the intensification of brutality that would be perpetrated on those who oppose them in any manner, in the overt acceleration of the saffron agenda and the speeding up of the sell-out of the country – all in the name of building a ‘powerful India’ and maintaining internal security and peace. And this is all the more true in case of Operation Green Hunt (OGH), which is nothing but a war waged by the Indian ruling classes and its state on its own people. This brutal multi-pronged countrywide offensive on people’s various resistances, particularly targeting the Maoist movement, has been raging unabated, since its launch in mid- 2009 by the UPA-2 government till date.
The preparations for this OGH (War on People)-Third Phase are going on at a rapid pace led by the fascist Modi-Rajnath Singh-Arun Jaitley-Venkaiah Naidu-Sushma Swaraj-Amit Shah combine, with all the Chief Ministers, DGPs of the ‘Maoist-affected’ States, top officials of Army, Air Force, paramilitary and police playing a hyper-active role. Evidence of this is galore and glaring from the very first day of the NDA government. All the Chief Ministers (CMs) of the States where Maoist movement is present made a beeline to the Prime Minister (PM) not only for funds for their States from the Centre, but also for reiterating their demands for more powers, funds, weapons, forces, vehicles and other paraphernalia for their forces and the entire executive in the name of suppressing Maoist movement.
The Centre willingly obliged and promised more in a series of meetings conducted to deal with all kinds of ‘terrorism’, mainly Maoism. New governments formed after the recent assembly elections (2013 and 2014) in Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal have all announced plans to modernise their police forces which mean equipping them with more lethal weapons and gadgets that would more ‘efficiently’ wage war on people and terrorise and kill them. The ‘promises’ to Chhattisgarh are representative. Chandrababu Naidu, the CM of AP went a step ahead and started his rule by killing three Maoists in a fake encounter on the very first day.
The bloodthirsty home minister Rajnath Singh announced that an integrated and comprehensive strategy to root out the Maoist movement in the country would be soon finalised. On June 11, 2014 after a detailed review of the ‘Left-wing extremism (LWE)’ situation in Chhattisgarh with State Chief Minister Raman Singh, Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh promised around 10,000 additional paramilitary troops(10 battalions) within 3, 4 months, even while 37 battalions of CRPF, BSF, ITBP and SSB are already present. He also promised to send 2 technical battalions with nearly 2000 multi-skilled, engineering and technical personnel. Two more choppers would be inducted into the counter-‘LWE’ grid in Chhattisgarh. The helicopters are for ‘troop deployment or sending reinforcements when State forces plan to attack Maoists or ‘an encounter is on’. The special focus of the meeting was on Bastar region.
The CM also sought improved technology for IED detection, augmented UAV deployment, air mobility for operations and secure and encrypted communication. The meeting was attended by Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju, Union home secretary Anil Goswami, paramilitary chiefs, and senior officials of the Planning Commission, Ministry of Environment and Forests and Department of Telecom. If anybody is wondering what these bodies were doing at a meeting on LWE, the answer is here. Complaining that ‘abysmal 25% telecom coverage in Bastar was affecting intelligence collection and timely response by the Central forces’, the Chhattisgarh government sought to increase in tele-connectivity and density. They Central authorities even promised to ‘do what is best possible’ ‘to tweak forest clearance norms to exempt government projects’ as requested by the State government.
The nearly 2,000 multi-skilled personnel with technical knowledge (technical battalions) are ‘for carrying out development work in Maoist-hit areas’ as the CM lamented about ‘shortage of contractors.’ Collectors and SPs would now monitor this work using these battalions. Paramilitary battalions have already been deployed on a huge scale for the Raoghat and several other mines, building dams, roads, bridges and Raoghat railway line that not only aims to transfer the iron ore to the big comprador companies and MNCs but is also ecologically highly destructive. All these forces would serve ‘multi-purposes’ – to suppress the masses, attack the Maoists, to reinforce the camps of government force, to provide protection to so-called development which actually means building infrastructure to transfer the mining riches, and constructing several steel and other plants in the heartland of Bastar. With BJP in power both at the Centre and the State the ‘war on people’ would be carried on more ruthlessly as a more centralised, coordinated, country-wide offensive.
There would now be more coordination between Central and State governments, between State governments, between Central and State forces, intelligence agencies and police force and between police and executive. In a high level meeting conducted by Rajnath Singh with Air Force, police and top officials of Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar and Jharkhand on June 27, the Home Minister praised to the skies the Grey Hounds of AP and urged the State governments to train and restructure their Special Forces (like STF in Chhattisgarh, SOG in Odisha, C-60 in Maharashtra, Counter-Insurgency Force in Jharkhand, Thunderbolts in Keralam) and build infrastructure for these forces. The efforts are on. Their numbers would be augmented and their intelligence wings would also be expanded.
Taking a leaf from erstwhile AP, a SP level OSD has now been appointed in all districts and the OSD was given all powers to conduct attacks on Maoists. The Grey Hounds model means that they take intelligence inputs from police headquarters and directly go for offensives. Rs. 150 crores were released for building 75 attack-proof police stations in ‘naxal-affected’ districts of Chhattisgarh. Additional funds were released for Special Infrastructure Scheme (for building bunkers, toilet bunkers and morcha points for the government forces). On August 20, 2014, the Union Cabinet approved the extension of mobile telephonic services to 2,199 locations affected by ‘LWE’ in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Paschim Banga.
The BSNL has already installed towers at 363 of these locations. The project implementation cost is approximately Rs. 35.68 billion. According to the intensification of the ‘war on people’, Bastar Range would be divided into four parts as part of the ‘counter-LWE grid system’ with one camp established for every five kms. As part of this grid, ‘crucial areas’ (strong areas of Maoist activity) would be identified to form network, conduct attacks and wipe out the Maoists. This would be done along Chhattisgarh’s borders with neighbouring states. This type of concentration would be done in all tri and quadric junctions of various States in the country.
Already there are 120 battalions of paramilitary forces stationed in nine States. After Rajnath Singh was sworn in, he planned to send 27 battalions to be additionally deployed in nine States. Prices for the heads of the Maoist leadership right from the Central Committee/Politburo to the village level leaders was increased, almost five times, to several crores of rupees, by the Central and various State governments. This is nothing but a counter- revolutionary measure that further fascises the State, encourages false encounters and mercenary killings and creates heinous selfish and criminal values in the society. Killing leaders and activists or putting them in jail was announced as the two-pronged policy to decimate revolutionary forces, make the movement headless and to restrict or weaken the movement areas.
On the other hand, the compensation for the counter-revolutionaries who are punished by the people and for being diehard informers or coverts has been increased hugely (almost four-five times) along with all kinds of rehabilitation packages. Terrorising activists of mass organisations and drives to make them and Maoist cadre surrender reached high-pitch with promises of freedom from cases and high rewards. The undercover agenda is to turn them into counter-revolutionaries and traitors who could inflict damages to the movement. A six months campaign by joint Central and State forces was announced for all Maoist areas, starting with Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. Both these States witnessed maximum resistance of People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA) and the people to the corporate ventures. They announced that the focus of their offensive would be Chhattisgarh as it is one of the main strong areas of Maoist movement and at the centre of almost all the movement areas (AP, Telangana, Jharkhand, Odisha, Maharashtra and UP) and as BJP is in power both at the Centre and the State.
The main focus in the third phase of OGH would be on the Maad areas in Bastar. Another feature of this phase would be engagement of huge numbers of forces during operations in all the main areas. The state is on the one hand destroying the Revolutionary People’s Committees (RPC) that are enabling the people execute their new democratic power and striving to make them self-reliant. On the other hand it is flooding the people of movement areas with Civic Action Programs (CAPs) increasingly led by paramilitary and state forces, so- called reforms and countless schemes that make the people dependent on the government forever. Neither their basic needs are solved through this nor do they become self-reliant. They would be further ruined and thrown away while the fascist corporate and MNCs raj will reign. 100 ‘commandogs’ (commando dogs!) are being trained to be deployed along with each paramilitary battalion in Chhattisgarh – one dog at present and four later to each.
Hundreds of retired military personnel of infantry are being deployed in Chhattisgarh since 2 years. This came to light when two of them were annihilated in March in Sukma in a counter-offensive of the PLGA forces. Raman Singh is demanding that they be given permission to appoint retired military personnel up to Brigadier rank. The Air Force is shifting its UAV operational base from Hyderabad to Durg so that it can do quick surveillance, send intelligence inputs to the forces and attack the Maoists immediately. Air strips are being prepared in several new places. Several trees are being cut off and forests cleared for building camps and other infrastructure for the more than one lakh forces deployed in Bastar Range causing enormous damage to ecology too. The already insufficient school and health care facilities supposedly set up for the people are being used by these forces in spite of Supreme Court judgment to vacate them, thus depriving the people of even those meagre facilities.
The ‘usual’ encounters and fake encounters (of both revolutionaries and common people) are on with not a single day passing in the movement areas without cordon and search & combing operations, areas dominations, loot, destruction, mayhem, tortures and atrocities on people by the government forces. Attacks, political and physical, on any kind of opposition, trampling of civil rights, ban on CPI (Maoist) and revolutionary workers’, peasants’, students’ and women’s and children’s organisations, threats and attacks on revolutionary and democratic organisations and severe repression in various forms on political prisoners incarcerated in prisons all over the country are continuing unabated. A large number of Nazi type (modern) jails are under construction. Home Minister Rajnath Singh is openly baying for the blood of Maoists like bloodhounds; issuing threats of ‘zero tolerance to violence’ (read more fake encounters, arrests and tortures) while saying that he is ‘ready to talk with the Maoists if they give up violence’. He is saying this after he declared like a feudal medieval lord that he would as happy as conducting a marriage if the security forces penetrate into the forests and kill the ‘terrorists’!
Here ‘terrorists’ mean Maoists as he is planning to change the name of ‘Left-Wing Extremism’ to ‘Left-Wing Terrorism’. The huge number of troops, weapons, vehicles, military equipment and gadgets (not to mention the UAVs and the helicopters) of government forces deployed in the ‘Maoist areas’ are perpetrating endless violence on the people there. The violence of these forces can never be compared with the counter-violence put up by the CPI (Maoist) and the PLGA and the people led by it either in volume or quality. But the psychological warfare of the ruling classes is day in and day out drumming into the people’s mind that ‘Maoists are violent and anti-development’ while the ‘government seeks peace’.
The psy-war targeting the CPI (Maoist) reached unimaginable proportions with corporate media leading it and the active participation of all the civil, police and military officials and all departments of the executive and judiciary in this foul exercise. The degenerated surrendered persons are also pushed to the frontlines to carry on this vicious war with all kinds of lies and fabrications. The specific feature of OGH under Modi regime is that all the Hindu communal fascist Sangh Parivar constituents would participate in it at various levels and in various spheres. The National Executive Council of ABVP giving a call to its rank and file to ensure that ‘there are naxal free campuses’ during its meet in Mangaluru in May is an indicator.
Beloved People of our country! Whatever we have mentioned above is just the tip of the iceberg of one of the most treacherous, anti-people, heinous, criminal and brutal offensives launched in political, economic, social, cultural, judicial, environmental and all spheres of our life and the country in the name of maintaining internal security for crushing dissent and wiping out the Maoists. We reiterate that Maoists and all other fighting forces are none other than the vanguard and organisations of the most oppressed people of our country and are comprised of none other than workers, peasants, students, youth, employees, intellectuals, middle class, dalits, adivasis, minorities and women who build the wealth of this country with their sweat and blood.
They have chosen the path of struggle as they have been deprived of their Jal, Jungle, Zameen, Izzat and Adhikar and as their country is being enmeshed more and more in neo-colonial ties by the Indian ruling classes with the prodding of the imperialists. The ‘War on People’ is aimed at ending all types of this resistance We are calling upon all the revolutionary masses in our movement areas to unite more determinedly under the PLGA to resist this round of fascist offensive launched as part of OGH-third phase.
The CPI (Maoist) and the PLGA, RPCs, the revolutionary mass organisations and the revolutionary massed led by it vow to defeat this round of fascist offensive of the Modi led NDA government too as they had defeated several previous counter-revolutionary campaigns. This could be done only by waging war of self-defense utilising every single opportunity and mobilising and uniting all the fighting forces (revolutionary, democratic, patriotic) and the people vastly in this just people’s war, now directed against this fascist and treacherous Modi government. In the past dictators like Mussolinis and Hitlers had similarly waged unjust wars, and heaped countless atrocities and brutalities on people and countries. But ultimately their mighty armies were defeated, their empires crumbled and they fell when people rose in fury.
People had always fought against such fascists in the world and our country and they would do so now too. The more the people realise the real face of these fascists, the more unitedly they come together to fight them, the quicker would be their fall. The day when these paper tigers would be shred into pieces is not as far as they would like to think. We appeal to all the organisations, forces, individuals and people who suffer from and oppose the Brahminical Hindu fascist, anti-people and anti-country regressive Modi government to unite and come forward to resist and defeat it. We appeal to one and all to build up solidarity with the fighting people both in our country and abroad.
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)
Press Release 25-9- 2014
We would greet of this new international conference to support the people’s war in India. The organization of a true front of solidarity with the Indian Maoist movement is a priority from the point of view of proletarian internationalism. For over 40 years, Indian Maoists have been carrying out the people’s war against the semi-colonial and semi-feudal system in India. With the poor and landless peasants, Adivasi (tribal people), Dalits (untouchable), women, workers, in short, with any and all exploited and oppressed people in the country, Maoists develop the struggle against the capitalist-imperialist system.
By establishing People’s Governments, they ensure that the masses stand up and take their own future in their hands. The 1st of May this year was a great day. On this day the merger the CPI (Maoist) and CPI (ML) Naxalbari culminated. This change brings many great new prospects for the development of people’s war in India. We will salute the 10th anniversary of the formation of the CPI (Maoist). Indian Maoist movement is one of the spearheads of the world revolution. That People’s War is a hope not only for the masses in India, but also for workers all around the world, who see the possibility of reconstructing a genuine socialist country internationally.
The CPI (Maoist) and the People’s War in India show us the path of revolution. Indeed, the theory of people’s war is not, as someone thinks, a Chinese application of the path of revolution or a mere military strategy in semi-feudal and semi-colonial countries. The People’s War is a universal principle of Maoism, applicable everywhere, even in the imperialist countries as France. Leading the people’s war in India, the CPI (Maoist) paves the road to the revolutionaries worldwide. For us, to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the formation of the CPI (Maoist) is not just a matter of principle, but a commitment of solidarity. Today more than ever we have to revive proletarian internationalism and support people’s war in India.
It means to to inform working class in France about the development of the revolution in India and also to attack the heart of our own imperialism with any necessary mean. We have realized many solidarity actions. We held several public meetings in different cities of France and a concert. We supported the Indian prisoners on the International Day in support of political prisoners. Many pamphlets were distributed in the poor neighborhoods of different cities and various actions were realized, such as a paint attack on the headquarters of the Michelin, to protest against the opening of factories in the lands of the Indian peasants.
Moreover, the international support to the people’s war in India is considered a threat by the Indian State, that after the International Conference in Hamburg urged the governments of different countries in Europe to stop it. Now we know that the Government of India tries to attack directly the movement of solidarity with the people’s war in India in European countries both through diplomatic channels and the secret services.
While the Indian bourgeoisie can rely on the support of imperialist powers in Europe, the Indian Maoists are not alone. They can rely on the support of genuine revolutionary parties and organizations and, more importantly, of the broad masses. It is in this spirit that we are committed to further support the Indian revolution. In doing this, above all, we take up the tasks pending on the Maoist movement in France, that is, essentially, to achieve the unification of the Maoists in a qualitatively and quantitatively higher party.
It also means to strengthen our solidarity with the Maoist movement in India. It is in this sense that we are carrying out the campaign of solidarity with the people’s war in India as one of the main axes of our work at the moment and we will significantly intensify our campaign of actions and information, propaganda, to achieve the emergence among our people of a broad support with the just struggle of the CPI (Maoist) through the People’s War.
Down with French Imperialism!
Stop Operation Green Hunt !
Glory to the 10th Anniversary CPI (Maoist) !
Long live the People’s War in India!
Bloc Rouge (Unification of Maoists)
Forces explode Naxal mine, save polling officials
ETAPALLI (GADCHIROLI): Alert security forces exploded a land mine near Yelchil village, between Etapalli and Alapalli in south Gadchiroli, minutes before buses carrying polling officials were supposed to pass the stretch potentially saving several lives. Security forces also recovered land mines at Pendri and Aldandi in Etapalli taluka of Aheri constituency. After repeated exchange of fire near Tadpalli forest in Etapalli taluka during Wednesday’s polling, Naxals once again targeted the forces on Thursday as road opening exercise was underway near Gatta for polling officials from the interiors returning in buses.
The firing in Gatta, also in Etapalli taluka, is learnt to have lasted around half-an-hour. Naxals had been trying to trigger blast shifting from their routine ambushes realizing their inability to match the huge deployment of district police and central paramilitary forces with sophisticated arms. District administration and security forces had also been airlifting the EVMs and officials from interiors keeping the threat in mind.
Massive road opening operations were undertaken across the district to ensure returning polling officials in buses were also safe. In general elections, Naxals had targeted one such party while returning in a bus inflicting casualties. Police sources stated Naxals tried to utilize their mines planted earlier to disrupt the polling. After sniffing the improvised explosive devices (IED) at Pendhri and Aldandi Etapalli taluka, police had to explode the one planted under the road at Yelchil to ensure the safe passages of the polling officials. Another section of the presiding officials from around 16 booths of interiors of Etapalli taluka had been airlifted to the base camp at Aheri. C-60 commandos of district police and Central paramilitary forces are learnt to have traced the wire along the road. The explosive underneath the road was then tracked down by bomb detecting gadget.
Under supervision of senior officials, the bomb was exploded after halting the traffic on either side. The road developed a two-and-half feet deep crater after the explosion. The police party recovered a tin container from the crater in which the explosives were packed. A senior official stated the mine was planted not very long ago. Inspector general of police, Nagpur and Naxal range, Ravindra Kadam stated Naxals were desperate to target polling officials or police parties after failing to disrupt the poll. “Security forces were prepared for the challenge knowing well that Naxals were desperate,” he said.
“The Naxals who were supposed to trigger the blast likely fled on seeing police parties starting the road opening operations. It generally takes one or two members to connect the wire and complete the circuit,” said Kadam. Sources claimed the police also arrested a senior Naxal cadre and three others while they were trying to plant mines to target Sursundi polling booth in Dhanora tehsil.
“No naxal presence in TN, yet vigil stepped up on border”
The focus was now on development of the tribals living in the border areas through special schemes of the respective State governments to ensure that they were not mislead. There is no known presence of naxalites in Tamil Nadu, yet the Special Task Force (STF) has enhanced vigil on the inter-border where they are prone to operate, said K. Vijay Kumar, Senior Security Advisor, Ministry of Home Affairs, on Thursday.
Talking to mediapersons, Mr. Vijay Kumar said he had visited the border areas and impressed upon the Chief Ministers and the Director Generals of Police of Kerala and Karnataka the need for coordinated action to step up vigilance in the forest areas abutting Malapuram and Wayanad districts. Discussions were held for joint intelligence, planning and operations. Likewise, vigilance has been stepped up in the Vellore, Tirupathur, Theni, Kodaikanal hills, Gudalur and Anaimalai forests to prevent presence of Maoists.
Four Naxals held in Chhattisgarh
Raipur, Oct 17 (PTI) Four Naxals were arrested at separate places in Chhattisgarh’s Maoist-hit Bastar region, police said today. Two cadres – Vijay Uikey (38) and Samru Mahavir Uikey (45) – were apprehended by a joint squad of Border Security Force and district force during a search operation in the restive forests under Kiskoda police station limits last evening, Kanker Superintendent of Police RN Dash told PTI. They were involved in various crimes, including murder and loot, in the region, he said.
In a fiduciary capacity assigned by the Central, I pay regards to you Comrades from various organic agencies of the Central and from leadership organs at various provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions who are attending the Study Class; I am going to say a few words to you.
After the occurrence of the April 5th counterrevolutionary incident, on April 7 the Politburo of the Central Committee reached two decisions based on Chairman Mao’s recommendation. These timely pointed out to the people throughout the country the general direction of the struggle, smashed the right deviationist wind to reverse previous verdicts being whipped up by a handful of capitalist roaders headed by Teng Hsiao-p’ing, suppressed the sabotaging and trouble-making counterrevolutionary elements, braced against the adverse current and stopped the evil wind, and consolidated the social system and the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Under the correct leadership of Chairman Mao and the Party Central, hundreds of millions of the worker-peasant-soldier masses throughout the country are now riding the revolutionary east wind of these two decisions and, by taking concrete actions, stirring up a new high tide throughout the country to repulse the right deviationist wind to reverse previous verdicts and to search out the counterrevolutionaries.
The April 5th counterrevolutionary incident is a continuation of the struggle between two lines in the Party, and is the inevitable outcome of the life-and-death struggle on the question of political power and between the two classes, which is associated with the continuously deepened development of the socialist revolution. Similar to all previous class struggles, it ended as a stage marked by failure of the counterrevolutionary and victory of the revolutionary. This storm-like struggle tells the whole Party and all the people throughout the country a very important subject: “Class struggles still exist, the capitalist roaders are still moving; all revolutionaries must never be full of the air of bookish intellectuals who think that the country is in peace.”
At present, all in the Party must, in the first place, clearly understand the new trend of the struggle. After issuance of the two decisions on April 7th, many comrades only managed to see the small circles before their eyes, lacking a sufficient assessment and understanding of the whole environment and the overall situation. Not a few comrades even brought up the theme that “we can catch our breath after all these in a moment,” thinking about resting for a while. Actually, this viewpoint is not only impractical but also harmful, because the class enemy exactly hopes that we would relax, that is to say, “you catch your breath, and he’ll catch his breath.” Class struggle experience tells us: “Any relaxation of fighting will bring extremely great losses in the revolution.”
In the past, the Yunnan Provincial Party Committee brought up the incorrect slogan of “conscientiously embodying into the tasks of production the class struggle in the sphere of production.” As a result, not only was production not grasped well and the tasks not accomplished; on the contrary, owing to ignorance of grasping the class struggle, the class enemy exploited the chance to sabotage while capitalist tendencies were rampant everywhere, almost to the degree of irreparability.
This time, the responsible comrades of the Yunnan Provincial Party Committee who are attending the Study Class said with profound understanding that “Our brains lacked a sensing nerve and we cast away the key link in our work; thus the tasks were not accomplished. If we had not reined in the horse at the edge of the precipice, we might have lost the power.” Hsiao-chia-chuan has implanted the great grasping of class struggle into all kinds of work, in an unswerving manner which never missed any production work and wasted no time, and thus enabled the revolutionary production to go one level higher and created everywhere a new atmosphere of vigorous and refreshing socialism.
Since there are similar examples everywhere, I’m not going to dwell on it. What I’m going to mention are a few manifestations reflected by cadres at various levels after publication of the two decisions. Affirmatively speaking, the overwhelming majority of cadres are good—they have cherished and carried out without discount the Central’s decisions, they have led in a satisfactory manner the members of their leadership squads by using themselves as models, they have mingled with the masses to study and understand the spirit of the decisions, they have conscientiously implemented it and led the others to conduct grand criticism, to grasp works and production. Because the Party committeemen have had such good squad leaders, the areas are able to have a new situation and new atmosphere.
Leadership Squads Put “Fear” in the Fore
One of the other situations is that the cadre comrades, especially the squad leaders of the leadership squads, put “fear” in the fore; they dare not open-handedly support the new-born things which have emerged in the movement, they regard localized troubles in the society as great chaos under the whole heaven and don’t know how to cope with them, they dare not to take decisive action against the class enemy’s sabotage, they have acted indecisively during the entire movement and appeared weak and strengthless and failed to bring into play the Party organizations’ role as fortresses in battle. The “fear” of these cadres can be summarized as the fear of chaos, which is a question of world outlook. China has an old adage: “Once bitten by a snake, one will have a fear of ropes throughout his lifetime.”
Because in previous political movements some cadres were affected in varying degrees, or were somewhat wronged, and they failed to have a correct understanding about the impacts they received in previous mass movements, therefore, whenever a movement comes along, they fear that there might be tigers in front and wolves behind, that the revolution might fall on their own heads and have their official hats revolutionized away. All the cadres who put “fear” in the fore have had, after the April 5th counterrevolutionary incident, manifestations of indiscrimination between ourselves and the enemy.
Thus, neither do they dare to come out to support the newborn things, nor do they dare to exercise dictatorship over the handful of bad guys. The masses say: “Our cadres failed to distinguish good and bad, right and wrong; they stick to old practices and made the movement quite cold.” We must encourage this portion of cadres to replace “fear” with “dare.” One must at first have a determination of conscious revolution in order to comprehend the Party’s basic line in the socialist period, search out the cause of “fear” in his world outlook, and then ready himself to lead the movement. Otherwise, he will be sooner or later rejected by the time.
Carry the Struggle to Repulse Right Deviationist Wind to the End
The third situation is that the capitalist-roaders in the Party have managed to usurp leadership power in a certain area and they are colluding with the class enemy in the society of that area to suppress various opinions emerging among the masses, suppress democracy, turn the proletarian dictatorship into bourgeois dictatorship, and greatly whip up the capitalist wind, which makes the movement in that area frustrated, production unpromoted, the genuine revolutionary masses oppressed, and the spirit of justice depressed. Those areas exactly resemble independent kingdoms. They have adopted the attitude of overt obedience and covert disobedience towards the Central’s decisions. On the surface, they also convened mass rallies with scores of thousands, or even a hundred and scores of thousands, of people in support of the Central’s two decisions; in the manner of never falling behind the others, they sent cables or wrote letters in support of the Central’s two decisions. In fact, no matter how high they raise the flags, or they shout the slogans sufficiently loud, they can never cover up their true essence and original forms.
“Even the pedestrians on the streets know well what Ssu-ma Chao [an usurper who took over the Wei Dynasty] is thinking of” means exactly these persons. For the time being, perhaps they may fool the masses for a certain period of time; but, from a longer perspective, they will inevitably show their fox-tails, for the reason that their essence is counterrevolutionary. The reason that Teng Hsiao-p’ing still dares to fight back when cornered is because there are these Teng-like persons, big and small in his following. Some of them wave flags and shout in the open, while some shoot murdering arrows and spread poison behind the scene.
No matter whether they are in the open or behind the scene, as long as they want to be counterrevolutionaries, they will inevitably expose their counterrevolutionary faces. Now, the Central calls the whole Party and the people throughout the country to “continuously take Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line, ruthlessly grasp class struggle, carry to the end the political struggle to repulse the right deviationist wind to reverse correct verdicts with criticism of Teng Hsiao-p’ing as its main objective, and stir up throughout the whole country a high tide of searching out counterrevolutionaries on a still larger scale.”
“If we cannot push it through this year, we will continue next year. If one year’s time won’t do, then, two years, three years, five years if necessary, and we will carry it on for even ten years.” We can eat less, sleep less, need not be afraid of losing a few catties of muscle; we can tighten up our waist bands and we can afford to lose some other things, but we must never ignore this while we are concentrating on other matters, and thus relax the conduct of political struggle. This is a matter of great importance which concerns the future of the Party and the state, which may cause thousands of millions of heads to fall onto the ground. Some people say this is only a “desire for power.”
We told the Chairman about this saying. Chairman Mao says: “Tell them our power is given by the workers, peasants and soldiers, is given by the broad masses of people who occupy more than ninety per cent of the populace. The Communist Party will, for the existence of this political power, exercise dictatorship over those who oppose [our] seizing power, never wavering.” The Chairman also says: “What is desire for power? The proletariat has the proletarian desire for power and will never share a bit of its acquired power with the bourgeoisie. What is the bourgeoisie’s desire for power? It is that they will never give a bit to the proletariat. We have learned it from them, but we learned it better.” The fifty-five years of struggle by the Chinese Communist Party is for this political power. For creating this political power we have shed our blood and sacrificed ourselves; and in order to protect this political power, we are prepared to shed blood and sacrifice at any time until the Communist revolution has won a thorough victory.
The Ultra-Leftist Trend Is Raising Its Head
What we must pay attention to at this moment is that in the movement to repulse the right deviationist wind there is a Leftist inclination and the ultra-Leftist trend of thought is raising its head. “Using a positive trend to cover up a negative trend” is the usual trick invariably adopted by the counterrevolutionaries. When the situation of the revolution is developing continuously and puts them in great disadvantage, for the sake of survival they will inevitably pick up revolutionary slogans. When you go to the right, they will go further right, and when you go to the left, they will go further left, in order to interfere with the general direction of the struggle and confuse the others’ hearing and seeing. In some areas there emerged very recently an abnormal adverse current. The bourgeoisie inside the Party stepped behind the scene and let a handful of class enemy and persons with ulterior purposes use the pretext of anti-Teng Hsiao-p’ing for attacking the majority. They have brought up the slogan of “Every official has made mistakes and every mistake will be opposed.”
No matter whether one is a big cadre or a small cadre, as long as one is a cadre, he will be held responsible. As a result, there is now not a single county Party committeeman who can be trusted, not a single prefectural Party committeeman who can be trusted; and among the provincial Party committeemen and those of the Central, no one can be trusted except Chariman Mao. In Shansi and Shensi provinces, there is the old Central instruction which says: “Drive the big and small cadres upstairs, and then let them come downstairs and through the check-point one by one for examination.” Wouldn’t this be something like Liu Shao-ch’i's sham Four Clean-Ups and Taoyuan Experience which were Leftist in form and Rightist in nature? Is it not an odd thing that a member of the Chinese Communist Party, or the leadership organ of an area, would not listen to and ask question about it when they were confronted with such things?
What I am saying does not mean that I or some of the responsible comrades in the Central are the tiger’s ass which one cannot touch or oppose. Without exception, if any of the responsible comrades in the Central has made mistakes or engaged in serious anti-Party activities, not only should you mobilize the masses to expose and criticize him, but also struggle him and purify the remnant poison. But, there must be leadership for it, there must be sufficient evidence. A chaotic bombardment can make the matter fail, not succeed. It can neither wipe out the agents of the bourgeoisie who have wormed their way into the Party, nor can it purge away the remnant poison through the movement to educate the broad masses and enable them to distinguish what is right and wrong, what is Marxism-Leninism, what is revisionism, what is the correct line, what is socialism, and what is capitalism.
On the contrary, it can only frustrate the activeness of the overwhelming majority of revolutionary cadres and masses. Repulsing the right deviationist wind and searching for counterrevolutionaries is a part of the socialist revolution; and this is the checkpoint everyone must pass through. But the spearhead is primarily directed at the handful. As to the majority of cadres, we must first look into [them] and then help [them]. To cope with questions concerning the ideology of the masses, there can be nothing but education. The ultra-Leftist trend of thought now emerging in the society and the evil wind of anarchism among the masses are a new trend in the class struggle. On the one hand, Party organizations at various levels must strive to reverse it while, on the other hand, one should never abandon the current general direction for the reason that there exists this adverse wind.
About Methods to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries
In certain provinces and municipalities some problems emerged. Peking has suppressed a bunch of counterrevolutionaries and smashed their sabotage and disturbances. It is right to take resolute and decisive action to handle things in places where counterrevolutionary sabotage activities have emerged, such as Chengchow, Changsha, Wuhan, and Nanking, etc., as long as one pays attention to grasping the policy well, and it will not cause expansion of suppressing of reactionaries, for fear of that the policy may not be carried out, which pushes those who are not enemies over to the side of the enemy.
But, to haphazardly arrest and drag out people, on the strength of the Central’s instruction to suppress counterrevolutionaries and at places where no counterrevolutionary incidents similar to that which happened in Peking has occured, is erroneous “arresting of people,” no matter whether it is done consciously or unconsciously and is not a good thing. Such things can only be done when there is no other choice. It is common for the masses to argue on different opinions, even take some excessive actions. But, it is something entirely different in nature from counterrevolutionary sabotage. To use instruments of the proletarian dictatorship to solve contradictions among the people, when improperly handled, may lead it to contradictions between ourselves and the enemy; and this can only be in favor of the enemy, not ourselves. It is undeniable that in some individual areas the capitalist-roaders inside the Party have usurped the leadership power there; and these handfuls of persons are afraid that the masses might rise to make revolution and afraid that the east wind of revolution might blow away their “divine mountains and jade-built pavilions” and these vampires’ top buildings.
Therefore, they are scared when the masses rise. In the beginning, they try to use all kinds of plots and tricks to hinder the mass movements, then they whip up ghost winds, shoot murdering arrows in the dark, confuse right and wrong, and reverse black and white. When they can no longer muddle through, they simply reveal their hideous faces and direct the spearhead of the struggle at the genuine revolutionaries, even resort to using tools of the [proletarian] dictatorship and measures of the dictatorship to suppress the correct and uphold the wrong. But, this way of doing things has produced something contrary to their expectation, for it has not scared off the genuine revolutionaries, but, on the contrary, exposed themselves.
For the sake of the revolution, such an early exposure is better than a later exposure. At present, some accusation groups in certain areas have come to Peking to reflect local situations directly to the Central, while some of them have reported through letters or other means the local situations as they were to the Central. These situations will be handled by the Central one by one. Comrade Hua Kuo-feng, Comrade Chiang Ch’ing, and other responsible comrades in the Central have repeatedly stated, in their reception to comrades concerned, and student delegations from various provinces and municipalities as well as to representatives of the militia, the people’s police, and the garrison fighters [soldiers] who have participated in the suppression of the April 5th counterrevolutionary incident, that problems will be solved one by one, by province and by prefecture, from the Central to local areas and from inside the Party to outside the Party; and “the movement must be carried on, the bourgeois antagonists who have wormed their way into the Party must be cleaned away, problems in local areas must be solved; this is our decision, and it should also be the wish and decision of every responsible cadre in the audience as well as that of the whole Party, the whole army, and the people throughout the country.”
Here, we also hope that comrades who have made mistakes, for the reasons that they have unconsciously carried out erroneous lines or policies, that they lacked a high enough awareness of the line, that they have directly or indirectly implemented the things advocated by Teng Hsiao-p’ing, would be able to consciously make corrections and would not stubbornly persist in taking the erroneous direction. Comrades who are willing to correct their mistakes, no matter who they are, are still welcomed by the Party and the people. There will be absolutely no good outcome for those who persist in being stubborn.
Some Important Tasks for the Time Being
In the following, I am going to talk to you about some important tasks for the time being:
1) The Party’s centralized leadership is the key link to guarantee the victory of the struggle to repulse the right deviationist wind. Our Party is a great, glorious, and correct party, is a party cherished and supported by people of all nationalities throughout the country. Such a great party can never have its greatness jeopardized by the existence of bourgeois elements. On the contrary, our Party is a party which is courageous enough to make self-criticism, daring enough to expose contradictions, and having no guilty conscience toward the broad masses of people.
Thus, Party organizations at various levels must repeatedly explain to the masses, pointing out that mistakes made by individuals and the very few bourgeois elements emerged inside the Party must never be identified with the Party itself and that they should not negate the Party’s leadership role in the entire socialist revolution by citing the problems of a few. One must remember at all times that the central power of our cause is the Communist Party of China and that the theoretical foundation which guides our cause is Marxism-Leninism and Mao Tsetung Thought. At no time can one try to weaken the Party’s leadership; weakening, resisting, and sabotaging the Party’s leadership are counterrevolutionary actions.
As a leadership member of a cadre, one must “grasp the power well, use the power well,” and persevere in the centralized leadership. In Party committees, it is mandatory to achieve “unified planning, unified command, unified policy, unified goal, and unified action.” Cadres of the old, the middle-aged, and the young must have mutual respect, stressing principles on great matters, seeking general consensus on small matters, disregarding trivial details, not cooking up mountaintops, and not cooking up factionalism.
2) Strengthen organizational construction and ideological construction. Through studying Chairman Mao’s theory concerning the dictatorship of the proletariat, elevate consciousness of Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line; using the class struggle as the key link, satisfactorily carry out investigation and research work and mass mobilization work in movements; continue good work in Party-building, drag out, on the strength of the east wind of the movement, the class antagonist elements who have wormed their way into the Party, strike them down and purge them from the Party. Before this question of great right and wrong, one must not become soft-handed and dish out “benevolent administration.”
Not only must the handful of bad guys who have wormed their way into the Party be dragged out, but also struggled down and thoroughly discredited politically, ideologically, economically, and in all other spheres. But one should not handle these things hastily; request instructions beforehand. In Party rectification, one must also do Party construction and pay attention to cultivation and elevation of the advanced worker-peasant-soldier masses who emerged out of the movement—boldly absorb them into the Party when they have sufficient conditions, and pay attention to promotion and cultivation of new blood and getting them into Party leadership organs at various levels.
July 1 is the Party’s birthday. On this date, millions of advanced elements who have emerged from the movements and from various battle fronts have joined the Party. This is a joyful event, an indication of our Party’s prosperity, and the best counterblow to Teng Hsiao-p’ing. To do organizational construction well we must first grasp the ideological construction well. Deviating from the road of ideological construction of the Party committees will cause the Party organizations to lose the right direction, becoming devoid of great plans and disorderly, even resulting in disintegration of the Party organizations which renders the places where “all people can have their say” into places where “my word is final.” Then the organizations become undisciplined and cannot move a single inch ahead in the movement.
3) Development of grand revolutionary criticism. Grand criticism cannot be rendered in such a way that the more the criticism, the more the chaos, without purpose and direction, shooting arrows without definite targets. Criticism is an important weapon of Marxism-Leninism. This kind of criticism must have bones and muscles; it must be able to give reasons and expose mistakes, so that people can learn from the criticism and then be able to distinguish that this thing is right and should be upheld and that thing is wrong and should be cast away. Not only should criticism be well explained in terms of theories, but also with content. One must prevent criticism for criticism’s sake which may lead a political struggle to the evil road of pure academic criticism. At the same time, one must prevent the kind of criticism which is simplistic and rude name-calling.
One must remember Lu Shun’s word that “Name-calling does not equal fighting.” Now, I am going to bring up a few opinions for your consideration.
a) From now on, criticism should be deep going exposure and criticism with emphases on some major points, aim at the targets accurately, find the right weapon, and criticize them one by one systematically. Every blow must be dealt where it hurts most. During the criticism, cadres and Party members must take the lead. In the grand revolutionary criticism, leading cadres must persevere in association of study, criticism, and the actual situations of their own unit together with the masses.
They must put themselves into the picture, not merely criticizing Teng without a conscious remoulding of their own world outlook. Don’t be that kind of cadre, as depicted by the poor peasants of Huangsantung Production Team in Kwangtung, who “Charge ahead when going to revolutionize somebody else, and sound the retreating drum when they are being revolutionized,” and who become more muddle-headed after more criticism. Acting that way will not only flunk the grand criticism, but also makes one incapable of leading the masses well. We must achieve three combinations.
1) Combining development of grand revolutionary criticism with study of Chairman Mao’s theory concerning the proletarian dictatorship and conscientious implementation of Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line; this is a question of direction.
2) Combining development of grand revolutionary criticism with the unit’s class struggle and the work of criticizing Teng and repulsing the right deviationist wind as well as that of cleaning up the class ranks.
3) Combining the development of grand revolutionary criticism with opposing revisionism and preventing revisionism as well as restriction of bourgeois right, criticizing capitalist tendencies, feudalist mentality, and all other non-proletarian thoughts. One can never develop grand revolutionary criticism on the one hand, letting capitalism flood on the other. Otherwise, when the criticism of Teng is ended, the unit will become completely rotten.
b) There are many big-character posters, and a good number of criticism articles. But, those of higher quality are comparatively few. What we see is either lengthy ones stuffed with quotations from canonical writings of Marxism-Leninism, or short and empty articles containing a few sentences. Not a few units look for quantity but not quality. But, one live bullet is always better than a hundred rounds of blank cartridges. The development of grand revolutionary criticism at this time is not polemics on paper by the scholars, competing to see who has copied down more quotations and memorized more Marxist-Leninist works, nor is it a basketball game to see who scores more shots.
This is class struggle, a revolution, which must be conscientiously grasped and cannot be muddled through. The People’s Daily published an article entitled “New Soldiers on the Theoretical Battle Front,” in which several sentences are good: “The spring thunder resounds, urging me to march to the battle field”; “Going deeply into the tiger’s lair in order to kill the tiger”; “the weapons must be good, so they can hit the fatal points”; “Revolutionize continually, and persevere in protracted operations.” These are well said, and clearly expound the issues. All of you should read newspapers more when you have spare time. The newspapers have published many criticism articles written by workers, peasants, and soldiers; and they are of representative significance. They may not be lengthy, just short ones, but they excel the intellectuals who have been holding books in their arms for scores of years.
You Comrades in the audience may not be able to write articles like those by the workers, peasants and soldiers. The reason that those articles are good is because they are written in simple language which conveys profound meanings, and are associated with reality, they are not shallow and empty. To see whether they are really so, you Comrades may make some study into it. While talking about this question, I want to add that the People’s Daily urgently needs some criticism articles of representative value and articles which will reflect the advanced examples of local workers, peasants and soldiers, to be contributed by various localities. You Comrades in the audience should make it a task assigned by the Party, and commonly provide supports to run the Party’s newspaper well.
4) Concrete embodiment of policies and development of the search for counterrevolutionaries. “Policy and strategy are the life line of the Party.” When policies are erroneously carried out or with deviations, the Party’s cause will suffer losses. The success or failure in implementing policies depends on the Party leadership’s implementation of policies without any discount. Many times, the Party’s policies have been put through from the Central to lower levels.
The middle echelon gives some discounts; when they reach the local areas, they become something unlike the original. Of course, deviations in policy implementation can be attributed in most cases to the cadres’ incomplete understanding of the policies; and it is something done unconsciously. But, no matter whether it is done consciously or unconsciously, the outcome is that we lose the masses, while, of course, the enemy also slips away.
Not a few cadres do love the Party and do love Chairman Mao in their subjective consciousness; they work actively and always wish to implement the policies well. But owing to insufficient study, habits of doing things arbitrarily, and a dislike of inviting teachings from the masses and submitting briefings to higher echelons, they distort the policies in the process of implementation, cause the masses to lose faith, and impose losses on the revolution. Then they could no longer stay in their posts and were either suspended or transferred. Whom can they blame? Therefore, Chairman Mao has elevated the importance of policy to high level of the Party’s life line, for the purpose of letting you Comrades pay sufficient attention to it.
At the same time while the criticism of Teng Hsiao-p’ing and repulsion of the right deviationist wind to reverse correct verdicts has been deepened, a high tide of searching for counterrevolutionaries is also whipped up throughout the whole country. In this high tide, the one and only policy is emphasizing investigation and research. In all matters, evidence is the most important thing. In handling the April 5th counterrevolutionary incident, we have taken the stand of initiativeness from the beginning to the very end. What we relied on is the policy of making explanations to the masses. The counterrevolutionaries hope that we will open the gunfire.
They want to become martyrs in order to incite the masses’ sentiments. We just do not play into their hands. Practice has proven that this handful of counterrevolutionaries are afraid of the masses and afraid of criticism. In this grand search cooked up in various areas, the troops and public security organs should not open fire carelessly, unless it is absolutely necessary and for protection of the people’s lives. While the Chairman has told the premier of Thailand that they should not create martyrs, we just cannot do things otherwise and create martyrs. Of course, it is permissible [to open fire] when necessary; but instructions must be elicited.
Another thing is that those who are to be killed are very frequently the masses. Genuine counterrevolutionaries will never thrust out their chests to stop bullets. In the principle, the policy requirement is “No one is to be executed while the majority are not to be arrested.” As to detailed scope and requirements of the policy, the Central will distribute related stipulations and documents to organs at various levels, and, in addition to that, Comrade Wang Tung-hsing, as a representative of the Central, is going to make more concrete explanations to you. At present, what must be prevented are the Leftist tendency of “rather Left than Right” and the erroneous Rightist thought of “theme of invisibility.” In the process of the search [for counterrevolutionaries], participation by all the people is needed; not sole reliance on the public security agencies. But, mere emphasis on the dictatorship of the masses without coordination with the leadership and specialized organs will not do either. It needs a three-in-one combination. Steadiness, accuracy, and ruthlessness are important. One must pay attention to investigation and research; oppose distortion of confession, not cook up armed struggles, give [the criticized] a way out, and give consideration to strategies, in order to effectively deliver blows on the enemy.
This time, Peking has arrested a few too many persons. At the beginning, no one opened up fire and the policy was upheld; afterwards, things were less than desirable. In Peking alone 40,000 to 50,000 persons were put under arrest. Every unit engaged itself in arresting and dragging out this or that person. A couple of lives were sacrificed also while some were wronged. The good thing was that these situations were quickly rectified when pointed out by the Central. This must be taken as a lesson. “In handling questions about persons, a prudent attitude must be adopted.” The units should do this well in the present movement to search for counterrevolutionaries. Only by uniting all forces that can be united can effective blows be dealt to the handful of the class enemy; and only effectively dealing blows to the handful of the class enemy can offer the best protection to the broad masses of people.
5) Grasp revolution, grasp production, promote work, promote early preparedness. In the struggle to criticize Teng and repulse the right deviationist wind, there is a refreshing scene full of socialist vigor on every battle front throughout the whole country. Hundreds of thousands of worker-peasant-soldier students have marched into the society, into the countryside, to take part in class struggle, to conduct investigation and research, and to associate the knowledge they have learned from books with practical work.
Group after group, college graduates have rushed to border areas, the countryside, and the mountainous areas to take the road of associating with worker-peasant masses being pointed by Chairman Mao. May 7th Cadres Schools and July 21st Workers’ Colleges have bloomed, like spring bamboo shoots rising out of the ground after raining, all over the whole country. As a result, we have also achieved very great accomplishments on the industrial battle front. Workers of the 7002 Drilling Team of the Petroleum Control Bureau of Szuchwan have drilled our country’s first super-deep well with a depth of 6,011 meters. The generator system of double water-cooling turbine with the capacity of 300,000 kilowatts made in China has joined production. In the beginning of June, a great many industrial and mining enterprises had completed ahead of schedule the production missions for the first half of 1976. In the last couple of days, joyful events followed each other, with victory reports constantly coming from all battle fronts.
The situation on the agricultural battle front is excellent; the enthusiastic wave of socialist competition to learn from Tachai and catch up with Hsiyang is just beginning. Two thirds of the communes and one half of the production brigades throughout the country have electricity. For a period of ten years, the countryside throughout the country has constructed more than 56,000 hydro-power stations, big and small. The spring planting of this year is good. Bumper harvests of the third-season wheat and rice, etc., are expected. In a word: “The situation is excellent.” This excellent situation not only brings spiritual encouragement to the people throughout the country, but can also serve as the most powerful refutation of Teng Hsiao-p’ing’s revisionist line of “using the three instructions as the key link” and “four modernizations.”
This is a great victory for Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line, also a great victory in the movement to criticize Teng and repulse the right deviationist wind. But, under the excellent situation there still exist some problems. These problems must be solved, not ignored. The growth and rise of anarchism has lowered working efficiency and caused production to fall below full capacity, which have resulted in failure to accomplish industrial projects missions for the year. Anarchism does not mean doing away with a government. What it does not want is the proletarian government but a government of individuals of the bourgeoisie, a government of their own small circle.
This trend of thought must be well directed. One must be able to direct non-proletarian thought onto the track of proletarian thought. This is a mission for party organizations at various levels. A class struggle on the ideological battle front must be developed to criticize all kinds of non-proletarian thought so that production can be guaranteed. It is noteworthy that there exist a great many questions on the nature of contradictions among the people which cannot be treated in the same manner as the previously mentioned struggle against the enemy. Otherwise, great “disorder” will be the outcome. In our criticism of the erroneous practice of using production to suppress politics, cadres must never, for this reason, leave production alone and give it a free rein.
At present, industries of steel and iron, nonferrous metals, machinery, automobile, construction, chemical production and coal mining still have a certain distance from their completion of the missions projected for the first half of the year, especially the machine tool production in the machinery industry which has only maintained the production index of the first half of the year before last. These situations must be reversed. The Party Central and Chairman Mao call the whole Party and the people throughout the country to unite together to grasp revolution, to promote production even more. I believe that under the guidance of Chairman Mao’s revolutionary line, our missions will be accomplished and our goals will be realized. Best wishes to you Comrades for creating still better achievements in study and in work.
Issues and Studies, December 1976.
To the International Meeting in Support of the People’s War in India and the International Celebration of the tenth Anniversary of the Establishment of the Communist Party of India (Maoist)!
Due the wide-ranging engagements in party and revolutionary struggles within Afghanistan we are unable to send a delegate to participate in the meeting. We hope you would accept our apology in this matter. We hope that a successful meeting would be held and would produce positive results. The efforts of the International Committee in Support of the people’s war in India, in holding such international gatherings, are truly commendable.
Over the past one year, we have worked to solve the problems of our supporters in different European countries, so they can seriously take part in all the revolutionary struggles there, including in participating in the International Committee in Support of the People’s war in India. We hope we would soon be able to establish permanent and direct relations with the committee. The people’s war in India is a strong source of inspiration for all revolutionaries around the world. Thus, for establishing permanent and durable relationship with the ICSPWI, we would strive to establish a committee in support of people’s war in India in our part of the world.
With Revolutionary Greetings!
Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan September, 16, 2014
Naxal held; Maoist memorial demolished in C’garh
Raipur, Oct 16 (PTI) A Naxal was arrested by security forces in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Bijapur district, police said today. Uika Gunda (27) was apprehended from Kumharapara village under Basaguda police station limits last evening, Bijapur Additional Superintendent of Police Indira Kalyan Elesela told PTI. A joint squad of Central Reserve Police Force and district police was conducting a combing exercise in Malepalli region, around 450 kms from the state capital.
Fresh RPF Recruitment to Meet Maoist Threat: Gowda
RANCHI: With Maoists often targeting railway properties, Railway Minister D V Sadananda Gowda today said fresh recruitment would be made in the Railway Protection Force (RPF) to deal with it. “The railway department is planning to recruit 17,000 constables, including 4000 women, as safety and security is its topmost priority,” Gowda said in reply to a query that Maoists have been targeting railway properties. Recently, they caused derailment of a freight train in Latehar district, he added. The Maoists and other splinter groups call bandhs in the state several times in a year and destroy railway tracks or cause derailment of goods train.
Eight reported dead in latest land clash in China
(Reuters) – Eight people have died in a clash between construction workers and villagers in southwestern China over a land dispute, the government and Chinese media said on Wednesday, in the latest bout of rural unrest in the world’s most populous country. The government of Jinning county near Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, said on its official microblog that a fight broke out between workers building a trading and logistics center and the residents of a village. Six of the dead in Tuesday’s incident were workers and the other two villagers, while 18 people were injured, one of them seriously, the government said. Pictures on the popular microblogging site Weibo, which Reuters could not independently verify, showed what appeared to be bodies lying in the street and construction workers tied up, along with a large number of riot police.
The government said the police would carry out a “legal, objective, fair and just” probe and punish lawbreakers. The respected Chinese magazine Caixin said a previous clash in June saw villagers accusing the government of illegally seizing the land for the project. The report said some villagers had told the magazine that people in “black uniforms”, some with shields bearing police markings, had attacked them, and the villagers had fought back.
Land disputes are one of the main causes of the tens of thousands of protests across China each year. Most go unreported, though some, such as a revolt in the southern village of Wukan in 2011, have attained a high profile and prompted promises of action by Beijing. China’s slowing economy has reduced tax revenues for local governments at a time when the cooling property market has also dampened land sales, an important source of government income. The unrest in Yunnan comes as the ruling Communist Party meets next week for a conclave to discuss how to strengthen the rule of law, in hopes of damping instability that is greatly feared by the party.
Kurdish militants warn of “violent conflict” if Turkish police given more powers
IZMIR, Turkey – A new government bill that would grant Turkish police greater powers in dealing with street protests amounts to a “declaration of war” against the Kurds, according to Kurdish militants. The warning by the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which called on Kurds to rise up against the proposed measures, comes after a wave of deadly protests in Turkey’s predominantly Kurdish southeast, and as a shaky peace process between the insurgents and the Turkish state looked increasingly set to unravel. On Wednesday, lawmakers from the ruling party submitted a bill to parliament called the homeland security reform, which would reportedly grant sweeping powers to the police.
While Ankara has been vague on what the new measures would entail, local media have reported that the bill, if enacted into law, would give police expanded powers that would range from expanded use of wiretapping, to the confiscation of property, to restricting access to defendants’ case files. “The state and the government should know that the new law is a declaration of war against the Kurds and that the Kurdish people, the forces of democracy and the Freedom Movement will resist,” the Union of Kurdistan Communities (KCK), an umbrella political group set up by the PKK, said in a written statement. The statement by the militants, who also refer to themselves as the “Freedom Movement” or “Kurdistan Freedom Movement”, was published by the PKK-linked Firat news agency. “If the Turkish state does not want to initiate a period of violent conflict it must stop enacting these types of laws and must immediately take serious steps toward solving the Kurdish problem,” the militants said.
Israeli forces detain 17 in Jerusalem clashes
JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Israeli forces detained 17 Palestinians in Jerusalem on Wednesday evening during renewed clashes following a day of unrest. Earlier, Israeli police used stun grenades as a crowd of about 400 people gathered near the entrance to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, according to an AFP photographer. For the second time in a week, Israel restricted access to the compound for Palestinians while 100 Israelis were given access. Late Wednesday, clashes continued in the East Jerusalem neighborhoods of al-Issawiya, Jabal al-Mukaber, and alleyways of the Old City. Seven Palestinians were injured in al-Issawiya as Israeli forces fired rubber-coated steel bullets, tear gas and stun grenades.
Labour strife, safety concerns push S.Africa platinum mechanisation
RUSTENBURG, South Africa, Oct 14 (Reuters) – For decades, production in South Africa’s platinum mines has rested on the muscular shoulders of men risking life and limb to drill into the rock face with jackhammers. Three years of labour upheaval and a political push to make the shafts safer and transform the low-wage workforce have set in motion a drive to replace such rock drillers with machines. “Labour militancy is dictating our push to mechanization and boardrooms will rubber stamp this stuff,” said Peter Major, a fund manager at Cadiz Corporate Solutions. The costly change is happening despite the obstacles thrown by geology, low platinum prices and capital constraints.
Mexican state’s HQ torched in demo for missing students
Chilpancingo (Mexico) (AFP) – Protesters torched a state government building in southern Mexico in a day of angry demonstrations over the disappearance of 43 students missing since gang-linked police attacked them. Hundreds of students and teachers ransacked Guerrero state’s sprawling headquarters in the regional capital Chilpancingo, allowing workers to leave before breaking windows and setting a building on fire.
5 Saudis injured in Duba as ‘unpaid’ Egyptians riot
Egyptian seasonal Haj workers went on the rampage in the northwestern Red Sea city of Duba on Sunday by burning tires and forcing the closure of a major road in the area because of a dispute over salaries and delayed travel arrangements to go home. The angry men cut off the international road at the entrance of Duba, setting the tires alight near a gas station. The security forces, with the help of Egyptian consular officials, and older members of the group, helped to restore calm. However, there were clashes between the workers and Saudis. Five citizens were taken to hospital. The rioters are among 1,700 seasonal butchers who stay in Saudi Arabia during Haj. They are typically paid around SR1,500. This is the third consecutive year that there have been labor disputes between companies and seasonal workers, Arab News has discovered.
26 arrested in Amman over market riot
Twenty-six suspects were referred to court over their involvement in riots in downtown Amman on Saturday night that caused the injury of Gendarmerie Department personnel, the Public Security Department (PSD) said Sunday. PSD Spokesperson Maj. Amer Sartawi said two gendarmes were shot and injured by rioters, adding that they are hospitalised and listed in fair condition. Around 100 street vendors clashed with anti-riot personnel at Hashemite Square in downtown Amman on Saturday in protest against a decision to move the Abdali Friday market to Ras Al Ain. Protesters threw Molotov cocktails at gendarmes, and security personnel responded with tear gas to disperse them. The riots were a continuation of protests that began on Friday, when the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) began removing street stalls from Abdali to turn the area where the weekly second-hand market has been held into a parking lot.
Peruvians Blockade Roads in Protest at Lack of Dialogue
Police have not been able to remove the protesters from the roads, and protesters have said they will stay there “indefinitely.” On Tuesday, inhabitants of Congata, district of Uchumayo in Arequipa, Peru, picketed different parts of the road to Cerro Verde mine, stoping vehicles from passing through. More than a hundred people participated, causing a large build-up of vehicles. Earlier in August, a similar event took place ending with 10 people arrested. However, so far officers from the Special Services Unit tried to disperse the crowd at 10 a.m. but failed. Cerro Verde’s main shareholder is the transnational Freeport McMoRan from Arizona, USA.
This corporation is the largest producer of copper and gold in the world. It is also the main investor in El Abra, Candelaria, and Ojos del Salado in Chile and several other mines in North America, Africa, and Indonesia. Alberto Zeballos, secretary of the Defense and Development Front of Uchumayo, declared that the blockade was called for 24 hours due to the “lack of interest” of the mining company to engage in dialogue regarding the residual water treatment plant, La Enlozada. A series of pipes have been installed to transport contaminated water to be treated to be used in the mine. To install those pipes, the public transportation routes were changed causing delays and inconvenience for the population.
Chile police fire tear gas at indigenous protest
Santiago (AFP) – Chilean police fired tear gas and water cannon Sunday to break up thousands of indigenous protesters demanding land rights and condemning Columbus Day, after masked demonstrators began throwing stones. The march in Santiago began festively, with demonstrators decked out in colorful clothing and playing traditional indigenous music from around the country. But some protesters turned violent, throwing stones at police, who responded by firing water cannon and tear gas. That broke up the demonstrators, who police said numbered about 6,000. The march in the capital came as Chile commemorated the anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492, an event many in the country’s indigenous communities argue should not be celebrated with a holiday.
Members of the community turned out recently for a screening of the documentary “Finally Got the News” (1970), about the League of Revolutionary Black Workers (LRBW). The event was hosted by the Initiative for a Central Brooklyn Struggle Committee (ICBSC). The film screening was followed by a wide-ranging discussion.
—One participant, struck by the link between national oppression and the class struggle depicted in the film, asserted that the question of the minimum wage mainly affects Black and brown workers. She then linked this question to the high cost of public transportation in New York City, which forces people to jump turnstiles and ask for swipes. This in turn results in high fines that only reinforce the problem of low wages.
This observation underscores the need to link the question of racism and national oppression to the concrete social dynamics of a determined geographical area. In this way, we can avoid the symmetrical idealisms of, on the one hand, a Garveyist-type metaphysics of race divorced from national oppression and the class struggle, and on the other hand, a class politics abstracted from the specific forms of racial and national oppression through which class contradictions are actualized.
—One participant, after talking about the problems he faces working 13-hour days for a net $500 per week, said that violent uprisings by the masses are inevitable. The question is whether this violence will be organized, so that the masses can build their power instead of exhausting it through dispersed rebellions.
How can our own work relate to the militancy displayed by the masses in eruptions like the recent revolt in Ferguson? We must grasp such events not simply as spontaneous, but as partial forms of organization that the masses discover and put to the test in the course of the struggle. Mao says: “The masses have boundless creative power. They can organize themselves and concentrate on places and branches of work where they can give full play to their energy.” Genuine leadership can only proceed from a recognition of the primacy of mass initiative.
—One participant was stung by the way the film framed the problems faced by Black female workers as “the last hired and the first fired.” She said that this characterization rang true in her experience. Black women are not only restricted to low-paying jobs in certain sectors, but are lower-paid and more insecure in their particular jobs relative to other workers.
It is essential to confront the problem of workplace hierarchies, which are rooted in a gendered and racialized differentiation of labor powers. This objective process of differentiation is the condition of reproduction of the capitalist organization of labor. The class struggle of the proletariat must put on the agenda a revolutionary program that seeks to transform social relations in the workplace. Such a program can only be fully realized at the end of a revolutionary sequence that organizes the proletariat into a class dictatorship. The dictatorship of the proletariat has as its fundamental task to extinguish itself—or what is the same, to put an end to all class contradictions and their corresponding systems of national and gender oppression.
—One participant talked about the difficulty of organizing in a geographical area, as opposed to organizing in a factory, the site of the activities of the LRBW and the various Revolutionary Union Movements (RUMs) that are the subject of the film.
In a proletarian neighborhood, the diversity of problems can lead to a lack of clarity regarding the identity of the class enemy. This can reinforce contradictions among the people, which in turn prevent the masses from forging a combative unity. The nature of the class enemy is clarified, and contradictions among the people resolved, only in the course of concrete political struggles. In such struggles, the enemy reveals itself as that material force which opposes the just aspirations of the masses.
—One participant talked about the lack of cheap, healthy food in the neighborhood. She asked: why do supermarket retailers like Key Foods sell inexpensive junk food and expensive, low-quality produce?
If capitalism only indirectly meets social needs—capitalist production is organized around maximizing profitability—then we must link our own political work to meeting social needs directly, without falling into the trap of economism that characterizes the work of groups like the anarchist solidarity networks. This requires mobilizing the proletariat and the people to seize their power through their own efforts, rather than relying on professional activists, NGOs or the capitalist state. The autonomy of the masses has a determined revolutionary sense: advanced sections of the masses must take the initiative in constructing mass organizations that can pose the question of political power in each concrete situation.
—One participant shared a story about how a friend of his growing up in the East Flatbush neighborhood of Brooklyn was arrested and convicted for a crime he did not commit. Upon his release from prison, he joined a gang and engaged in activities that preyed on the community. This was the result of his experience while incarcerated, compounded by the difficulties he faced in attempting to re-enter the labor market after a long absence.
We must take seriously contradictions between the masses and lumpen criminal syndicates. In our mass meetings and neighborhood conversations, the subject of lumpen activities and their harmful effects has been a persistent refrain. The ‘lumpen line’ of groups like the Black Panther Party has proved to be a disaster in every historical situation in which it has been applied. At the same time, we must make a distinction between lumpen organizations and low-level individuals caught up in lumpen activities, many of whom have a partial understanding of the antagonistic relationship between themselves and the white-supremacist and capitalist state. This understanding can only take on a strategic significance if it is transformed—that is, put in the service of the people and placed under the command of proletarian ideology.
Finally, we collectively discussed the possibility of launching a people’s survey in the proletarian neighborhoods of Central Brooklyn. We consider the proposed people’s survey and our regular mass meetings to be different forms of social investigation. We will continue to publish sporadic reports on our mass meetings and other activities.
Via Maoist Communist Group
it is with joy, enthusiasm and excitement that we hail the 10th anniversary of the CPI (M). The formation of this party was a powerful strengthening for the international communist movement and a great assertion that it is the people’s war that unites communists and forge genuine Maoist Communist parties. An example from which we draw lessons, inspiration, but mainly a great confidence and an ideological strength for the proletarians and the advanced masses in our country.
The formation of this party and its 10 years long history met and meet the aspirations and desires of the working class, the peasantry and the oppressed broad masses of India to have a genuine proletarian party that leads them toward a revolutionary change and the building of New Democratic society, marching to socialism and communism. The flames blazing in South Asia makes India a potential new China, that of time of revolution.
This represents revolution a huge event in the context of the balance of power in the world between imperialism and struggles of the oppressed peoples and between revolution and counter-revolution, an event that confirms that the main contradiction is that between imperialism and oppressed countries and nations, and that the revolution is the main trend. The great decision to found this party has also pointed out a method to build unity, as shown by the new and important stage of unity of the Indian communist movement represented by the merger of CPI(ML) Naxalbari and CPI (M). At the time of its formation, the CPI (M) wrote in its statement:
“The new Communist Party of India (Maoist) will continue to act as a consolidated political vanguard of the Indian proletariat. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism will be the ideological basis guiding its thinking in all the spheres of its activities. It will continue its struggle against right and left deviations, particularly against revisionism, by taking this as the main danger for the communist movement as a whole. It will still seek to unite all genuine Maoist groups that remain outside this unified Party.” \
10 years later, this promise has been met and, therefore, it is a proofed Maoist road and line to draw from, in every country where Maoists need to be united in a vanguard communist party. But it is also an indication for the ICM, in the process to reconstitute an international organization after the collapse of the RIM. Marxism-Leninism- Maoism, People’s War, unity of the MLM Communists. Our party is openly committed with this path, it has been working for this during the past years and is united with the CPI(Maoist) in the construction of this process.
The merger of CPI(M-L) Naxalbari brings better conditions for the advance of this process of unity, which all the genuine MLM parties and organizations must look at and draw lessons from, and, consequently, take side. The unity of MLM parties and organizations is a crucial element to develop support to the People’s War in India internationally. That is why our party provides its full support to the line and action of the International Committee to Support People’s War in India and calls everyone to consolidate this unity and to fight the false internationalism, that with “leftist” words advocates a rightist practice and does not understand the strategic importance of the support to People’s war and the International Committee itself.
India enters overbearingly the world scene of imperialism with its MNCs, that play an active role in this system, the same active role that the Modi’s new fascist Hindu regime wants to play. Even in our country, the tie between Indian MNCs and Italian masters is being consolidated as a relationship of collusion, alliance – yet within the contention and competition on the world market shaken by the economical and financial crisis. The case of the war industry, see Finmeccanica, the case of the steel industry, see Arcelor-Mittal and Jindal, are showing that the Indian MNCs become also an internal enemy for proletarians in Italy, and the Italian MNCs fully participate in the super-exploitation of the proletarians in India and the robbery on Indian people.
But it must be said that in this way the workers go trough the experience that masters, from Italy to India, are united in seeking their profits on the blood the workers and masses and that the proletarians are a single class on international level and must strongly tighten their ties of solidarity and struggle. And our party is committed to make this internationalist tie concrete. This tie in the economic field is translated into a new political harmony between the Modi’s fascist government and the modern fascist-style Renzi’s government, that collects Berlusconi and all the Italian imperialist bourgeoisie.
These governments want to walk hand in hand and treat their relationship at the light of this. The Indian government has also asked our government, as all European governments, to stop the activities in support to the people’s war, that in our country have a solid base in our party, in the International Committee and its dozens and dozens of initiatives carried out in recent years among workers, youth, women and genuine revolutionaries and democrats.
The Indian government sends back a marine who murdered Indian fishermen while uses the most brutal repression on its own people. This is the second reason to consider this collaboration as part a of the internal enemies in the class struggle in Italy. We are well aware that the best internationalist support is to make proletarian and socialist revolution in our country and that the best solidarity to the people’s war is to begin people’s war in our country.
For this we are working, amidst hurdles, advances and setbacks, for a very difficult enterprise; and every time our party had the opportunity to talk with Indian comrades, we found understanding of these difficulties and encouragement. But the beginning of people’s wars depends essentially on the ideological, political and organizational basis, and on this the contribution of the Indian communist movement, as that of other parties of the ICM, is one of the decisive factors. We are exactly at this stage of ideological and political preparation, to fulfill our duties as genuine internationalists.
Long live the 10th anniversary of the formation of CPI(M)!
Long live the unity of Maxist-Leninist-Maoist Parties!
Honour to the martyrs of the revolution in India!
Support the People’s War in India!
Partito Comunista maoista – Italia 27 September 2014
Vigil up along TN-Kerala border
Reports of Maoist activity in some of the tribal villages in the Kerala forests. Vigil has been stepped up at Kinnakorai, Geddhai, Hiriyaseegai, Upper Bhavani and Manjoor and the surroundings along the Kerala border in the Nilgiris following reports of Maoist activity in some of the tribal villages in the Kerala forests. This comes in the wake of intensified combing operations across the border in Kerala. Enquiries made by The Hindu revealed that security personnel in Kerala had been combing Karikankunnu, Varadimalai, Mel Thottam and Mukkoli near Attapadi in search of nine suspected Maoists reportedly engaged in propaganda among tribals for the past three months.
A case was registered at the Attapadi police station. Propaganda materials such as handbills and posters had surfaced in Kerala. The tribal people were warned not to fall prey to the Maoists. Since it is feared that the intensified combing operations in Kerala would drive the extremists to the Nilgiris forests, Superintendent of Police T. Senthilkumar instructed the Manjoor police to mount a round-the-clock vigil.
Police to launch anti-Maoist operations before polls
Ranchi: In an attempt to neutralize Maoists before assembly polls, Jharkhand police will run anti-Maoist operations involving CRPF, CoBRA, Jharkhand Jaguar and state police. The police have not announced the date when operation will be launched ,due to operational secrecy . Sources however said the operation would be launched in full scale by October last, after the festival season is over. Two Maoist incidents had marred Lok Sabha elections in which eight policemen were killed and several injured.
The police intelligence has warned that extremists are making preparations for major attacks this time. DGP Rajiv Kumar said: “The operations will be conducted in full scale before elections so that the sensitive areas are scanned and the elections are held peacefully. The Maoist violence incidents during Lok Sabha polls had exposed ill-preparedness and lack of specific intelligence gathering. “We have learnt that Maoists will target security personnel during polls. Strategies have been drawn, soon forces will march into forests,” said Kumar. The operations would be additional to the ongoing long range patrolling in different districts.
Arrested recently, Mukhlal Mahto alias Mochhu alias Bhagat, CPI Maoist zonal commander, has disclosed to the police Maoists’ plans to attack police during polls. “He has told us that Maoists were trying to hit security personnel at some points in Bundu (Ranchi), Giridih, Latehar, Bokaro districts. But these days top Maoist leaders do not share concrete plans with their juniors well in advance. So there could be a larger strategy of the Maoists,” said an IPS officer.