Brief History of the Armed Communist Formations (FCA)

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After the dissolution of Worker’s Power, which took place during the Rosolina Congress (RO) in May-June 1973, militants of this structure formed the Communist Committees. Between the autumn of 1973 and the end of 1976, the most significant of them is in the Centocelle Communist Committee (CoCoCe) in Rome.

In 1975, within the CoCoCe, a organization operating within legality, some militants, in association with their comrades of the Communist Committees, implement the decision to create a new clandestine national organization: the Armed Communist Formations (FCA). Initially the new formation operates under various signatures: Armed Struggle for Communism, Armed Struggle for Worker’s power, Armed Struggle for Proletarian Power, Proletarian Territorial Units.

Starting in November of 1975 various actions are claimed with the FCA acronym:

– Attack on the center of the SIP [a telecommunications company], the Eur (Rome 04/11/75);
– Attack on the Texaco Oil Company (Florence, 04/14/76);
– Wounding of John Theodoli, president of the Italian Petroleum Union and Chevron Oil
Italy (Rome, 04/21/76);
-Attack on the film library of the RAI [public broadcasting company] in Teulada (Rome, 29/05/76).

With the formation of the Rome column of the Red Brigades, in the second half of 1975, FCA opens up a debate on the relationship between the two organizations. Between the end of 1975 and the spring of 1976, some militants of the FCA in Turin and Rome leave their organization and merge into the Red Brigades.

The history of the FCA concludes in the second half of 1976. Following the dissolution, some militants, in Rome form the Revolutionary Communist Committee, others converge in the Red Brigades and others are involved in the founding of the Combatant Communist Units. In Rome, on least one occasion, the FCA, claimed their actions with the acronym FAC. This is revealed in the course of the first “Moro trial”.

The State prosecuted 21 people for involvement in the FCA.

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