From the Municipal Transport Company of Wuhu

Delegation sent to the capital to file a complaint


Supreme directive: “It is up to us to organize the people. As for the reactionaries in China, it is up to us to organize the people to overthrow them. Everything reactionary is the same; if you don’t hit it, it won’t fall. It is like sweeping the floor; where the broom does not reach, the dust never vanishes of itself.”[1]

Look at what atrocious crimes the holders of the bourgeois reactionary line in the Municipal Transport Company of the city of Wuhu (Anhui province) have committed!

The Transport Company is a state company of local interest for the municipality of Wuhu. The majority of workers are former dockers and rickshaw pullers. All were victims under the former regime of oppression and exploitation. Between 1951 and 1957, they were assigned, one after the other, to the Transport Company, where they performed the hardest tasks. Under the correct and enlightened leadership of President Mao and the Chinese Communist Party, they exerted an immense energy. In 1958, during the great movement for metallurgy, ready to face up to the worst drudgery and suffering, they sacrificed their strength for the construction of the country. Struggling day and night in accordance with the number one slogan[2] on the blast furnace front, they transported all the base materials. But since we, from the working class, are the first to obey the Party and President Mao, we provoked the anger of the reactionaries of the bourgeois reactionary line, who then changed the political objectives of the Party, opposed Mao Tse-tung thought and the correct and revolutionary line of President Mao with the goal of annihilating the worker army of the proletariat. Thinking of restoring capitalism in our red country, they introduced a regime of white terror by means of cruelties of all sorts. In order to persecute our brothers from the working class, they committed the crimes exposed below:

 1. Political Oppression

During the years 1960-1961, following natural calamities and the withdrawal of the Soviet revisionists, rationing became rather severe. As the Transport workers provide heavy labor, they have quite a strong appetite; certain comrades fell ill and could no longer work. That’s when these gentlemen of the bourgeoisie who held power could use the cruelest methods in establishing their own tribunal and guardhouse. At the level of the company, they introduced the “Rotating Formation Team”; at the level of brigades, there were the “Tiger Sections”; and at the level of sub-brigades, the “Study Groups.” It was thus that they used the method of “waving the red flag to attack the red flag” in order to oppress the workers and persecute the working class. There were comrades who returned late from a holiday and did not have the right to return to work, and generally speaking, comrades who had made comments to the directors on their conduct. But the worst were the comrades who had work accidents: accused of desertion, they were without exception sent to the Rotating Formation Team: beaten, hung from the ceiling, imprisoned, kept in temporary detention. For the comrades who went to the Rotating Formation Team, the Tiger Section or the Study Group, it was worse than prison. Here are the methods that they used in order to persecute workers:

 —Daily life

Whether one was committed to the Rotating Formation Team, a Tiger Section or a Study Group, the quantity of labor to be provided was very great. There was only rice porridge for the three daily meals: in the morning for 3 cents, at noon for 5 cents and in the evening for 3 cents. If one did not work, one had nothing to eat. But in any case, there was nothing to eat but fourth-rate food: grasses, barley bran, barley noodles, etc.


All those imprisoned in the Rotating Formation Team were deprived of all their individual freedoms and all activity was subject to restrictions. He who had the misfortune to transgress the rules was immediately beaten, submitted to a criticism meeting, forced to kneel on rocks, forced to stay out in the full sun, forced to spend all day in the cold, etc. Among the dozens of comrades who have perished—victims of this bad treatment—we can cite the names of Yu Laixi, Han Yongshu, Zhang Zhiye, Li Youhou, Yong Zechuan, little Huangniu, Chen Laofa, etc. There are also those who were mutilated during their stay at the Rotating Formation Team: Zhang Changming, Chen Xianhai, Zhu Wendou, etc.


As soon as one was sent to the Rotating Formation Team, one had to get up very early and go to bed very late, no longer being able to distinguish between day and night. The affected workers worked up to eighteen hours a day, and if they did not carry this out via a route of 30 km, they were deprived of food.


All the comrades who were sent to the Rotating Formation Team received no wage. They only received a minimum allocation for food. Social assistance to them was denied in case of a work accident.

 2. Oppression by Labor

They used all sorts of illegal methods. Each day they fixed extremely high quotas, such as: 7 tons per head and a 30 km route. He who did not achieve this found that his work was not counted or else he was accused of desertion and had to undergo a criticism meeting that very night.

 3. Daily Life

Under the pretext of buying material in order to simplify the work, they swindled the workers by transferring to the Brigade their registration for rice and oil in the Population Registry.[3] For food, the workers were subject to rationing for both provisions and meals. When one worked, one had the right to three meals per day. If one did not work, one had nothing to eat. If one asked for a day off without having the right to do so: nothing to eat. But other than that, they raised animals in the backyard of the canteen and reduced the so-called rations in order to supply the solidarity fund of workers. Beyond that, they had opened a small dining room reserved for cadre, to which all the first-rate food went. For the workers, the daily food was watery lentils, grass, leaves of trees, etc. The workers were appalled but did not dare say a word. It was truly “hell on earth.”

 4. Remunerations and Wages

They applied the system of deductions from 6 to 9 or from 5 to 7. This means that each day they retained—under the pretext of promoting mechanization—60-70% of what one made at the price of our sweat and blood. We received no benefit. When we fell ill, we no longer received a wage. In case of need, we received no aid.

5. The Question of Rest

When we worked day and night, there was never a pause. They ignored state regulations concerning labor protections. Of the comrades who never stopped working, they still demanded that they take on supplementary hours. The comrades who fell ill were not treated and could not obtain certificates. They did not deal with those who were ill. They took advantage of the material conditions in order to exercise constraints over the workers. Comrades! These were the cruel fascist methods wielded at the Muncipal Transport Company of Wuhu in order to persecute the workers who, subject to cutbacks in the workforce, to resignations, to lay-offs, ended up by hanging out in the streets, stomachs empty, in rags, no longer knowing where to go.

Can one say that they applied the directives of the Party and the state? No! No! and no! We must wave the red flag of Mao Tse-tung thought higher and unite ourselves more closely in order to unmask in the light of day the handful of leaders who follow the bourgeois reactionary line.

Let us cry: Long live the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution!

Long live the Chinese Communist Party!

Long live President Mao!

[1] Mao Tse-tung, in The Situation and our Policy after the Victory in the War of Resistance against Japan (August 15, 1945); Selected Works, Volume IV.

[2] The no. 1 slogan was, in 1958, the development of heavy industry.

[3] It was a question of transferring registration packages to the Population Registry (among other things, allowing them to receive rationing tickets of rice and oil), from the neighborhood office (police station) to the Brigade office. Depending on the authority of their employer for sustenance, the workers were henceforth entirely at its mercy.

Translation by Maoist Communist Group

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