The Declaration of the Jue Group Second Draft (Abstract)



The establishment of revolutionary committees has not eliminated the hostilities between the two major factions; it has merely used two new major factions to suppress the brand new conflict, which is entirely different from the old confrontation between the Gang and Xing factions. A new form of struggle has replaced the old form. Revolutionary committees have replaced the organizations of the revolutionary masses. However, it is not so much the revolutionary committees, as the confrontation between a rising force and a strong force represented by some individuals in the revolutionary committees that has replaced the organizations of the revolutionary masses.

The revolutionary committees are nothing more than a makeshift entity that exists at a time when factionalism among various factions is forcefully suppressed, not to mention that this makeshift entity is itself very unstable. [. . .] It is impossible permanently to sustain a temporary power apparatus made up of all kinds of political forces. Rather, a dominant position has to be gained by one of the factions through struggles. [. . .] A new phenomenon such as a revolutionary committee, created by the revolutionary masses, will definitely be abolished by the revolutionary masses themselves. The challenge has without any doubt fallen on the shoulders of the Jue Group. In this struggle, the Jue Group will definitely destroy the capitalist state system that has lasted up to this day. The crux of the issue is what kind of path should be taken in transforming a makeshift form of power—revolutionary committees—into a formal state machine.

Some people have advocated “peaceful transition.” That is to say, the moment revolutionary committees are set up, solidified, and improved, the transitioning from the revolutionary committees to a formal power apparatus has begun. During this period, only transfers or removals of individual mem- bers of the revolutionary committees can take place. Our view is entirely the opposite. We believe the moment a brand new state machine comes into being is the day a makeshift power apparatus is overthrown by the revolutionary masses. We declare publicly that a real power machine can begin its life only through some fierce struggles against the makeshift power apparatus. The Jue Group will be able to improve and strengthen itself through such cruel struggles and rise to be the ruling power. Whether it was the “Bombardment Faction of Harbin” or the “April 11 Faction of Guizhou,” their struggles against the makeshift powers have all been heroic experiments for the Jue Group to fulfill its historical mission, whether they realized it or not.

Through analysis, we have concluded that those who first started workers’ rebellions were mostly the educated elements among workers; many of them are in power now. They are also faced with the process of reforming themselves in order truly to earn their credentials to represent the working class; or else, they are bound to be transient figures. However, once properly corrected and guided, those workers and peasants who were once hoodwinked can quickly become the proletarian revolutionaries who are determined to carry the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution to the very end. Maybe there are those who would accuse us of spreading the Left Transition Theory, to which we will plead guilty.

The temporary and contract workers, as represented by the “Second Battalion of the Red Workers Rebellion Headquarters” and “Non-Government Workers,” have fought heroic battles against the capitalist fellow-travelers within the Party, mostly because of their social status and their efforts to protect and solidify their economic status. This sizable portion of the population has been drawn into this unprecedented immense Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. The more thorough the revolution, the better it fulfills their hope. Therefore, they will miss those organizations formed during the movement. [. . .] Many among them will join the ranks of the Jue Group.

The text of this declaration first appeared as a leaflet on January 25, 1968. It was subsequently published in February 1970 in the Collection of Reactionary Materials During the Cultural Revolution, by the Writing Group of CCP Municipal Committee of Shanghai.

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