One year anniversary of the murder of PCE(r) militant Isabel Aparicio Sanchez

isabel_aparicio_sanchez_grapo--644x362

Born on February 2, 1954 to a working class family in Madrid. At the age of 17 she becomes involved in the anti-fascist mass struggle in secondary school. She observes the “full extent of fascist repression”, arrests, torture and prison sentences handed down by the Tribunal de Orden Público (TOP). Around this time she comes into contact with the Comités de Lucha Estudiantil a clandestine organization with a program advocating free and democratic education. While studying at the Autonomous University of Madrid she becomes involved with the Organización de Marxistas-Leninistas de España (OMLE) which opposes the revisionist CP and advocates for the revolutionary armed struggle.

On June 8th 1975 she participates in the first congress of the PCE(r).She organizes among workers in the Villaverde district of Madrid helping to operate the clandestine networks of propaganda and agitation. She with her comrades works within the mobilizations following the death of Franco, denouncing the stage-managed “democratic transition” and waging a constant struggle against the revisionist parties and groups. The situation is one of constant violent repression. Arrest and torture are routine. Comrades are shot at by the political police for distributing leaflets. In 1976 at its Third Plenum the CC of the PCE(r) launches the slogan “Buscar armas y aprender su manejo” which asserts the strategic line of promoting by every possible means the development of the armed struggle. At this time GRAPO is formed to disrupt the “democratic transition” imposed by the ruling class and Aparicio Sanchez begins operating in the underground.

She begins her armed activity in Euskal Herria and meets Juan José Crespo Galende there who would later die in the prison struggle. She plays her part in the politico-military campaign of GRAPO for the general amnesty of anti-fascist prisoners. This includes the abduction of state oficials Antonio María de Oriol y Urquijo and Villaescusa Quilis which leads to a strong repressive response from the enemy. Suspected members of the guerrilla face twenty days of torture in police stations before transfer to prison and state control over the mass media is heightened. At this time she gives birth to a child while carrying out her politico-military duties. She has to transfer him to a safe location and does not meet him again till many years later.

She finds herself among those listed on the nationally distributed wanted posters disseminated in the hunt for the communist guerrilla. In 1979 her organization issues the book “Experiencas de tres años de lucha armada” summing up their experience of urban partisan warfare. In October 1979 she is arrested for the first time and after extensive torture at the Madrid Dirección General de Seguridad building is transfered to prison to serve about nine years. She plays a active part in the militant struggle of the political prisoners, participating in the protests, riots and strikes of those years. The communist prisoners organized as a commune carry out both manual work and theoretical production collectively. Her group focuses especialy on the struggles of proletarian women and issues the book “La mujer en el camino de su emancipación”.

The state works hard to destroy the prisoner communes. She is released in early 1988 around the same time the state breaks up the prison communes. Once released she begins organizing in the struggle to support the communist prisoners and against the state’s strategy of isolation. Around this time José Manuel Sevillano Martín dies on hunger strike. While operating above ground she worked to build the party led anti-fascist youth movement in Madrid which rejected the revisionist parties and unions. After six months she goes underground again and works within the organizational apparatus of the PCE(r). At this time she begins to work building a “rear base” for the Party in France. She also focuses on production and distribution of propaganda contributing to a revival of Party media in the 90s.

From 2000 onwards the situation is characterized by massive repression and progressive isolation of the revolutionary movement. The political leadership of the Party has to be rebuilt several times. She works to mantain the continuity of the Party in the face of the worsening situation of “encirclement and annihilation”. She leads the propaganda work of the Party with increasingly less support, while also carrying out tasks of political leadership and logistical support. In June 2007 she is arrested in Barcelona while working on the clandestine Party magazine RESISTENCIA. She is sentenced to 11 years of prison and endures isolation conditions and regular transfers.

isabel - copia

On April 1st 2014 she dies in Zuera due to a wide range of chronic medical conditions willfully left untreated by the prison authorities.

This entry was posted in Editor's desk, prisons, resistance, war and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.