Comrade Charu Mazumdar (popularly known as CM) emerged as a revolutionary leader through a long process of participation in class struggles. When he was a school student he became a member of the All Bengal Students Association, affiliated to the Anusilan group, an organisation of petty bourgeois national revolutionaries. Within a few years he left college and began to organise bidi workers. At the end of the 1930s he became a member of CPI and engaged himself in organising the peasantry and became a member of the Jalpaiguri District Committee in 1942. During the period of the great Bengal famine, he organised the peasants for the seizure of crops from the landlords and hoarders.
He was one of the prominent organisers and leaders of the Tebhaga peasant movement of 1946-51. He led the peasants of Dinajpur District in North Bengal. This armed peasant movement unfolded various aspects of the revolutionary peasant struggle which com. CM learned from and developed further in later years. Com. CM was sent to organise tea garden workers of Darjeeling district. During the dark days of 1962 when the Indian government attacked socialist China, declared an emergency and deployed thousands of intellectuals to whip up national chauvinism, all the stalwarts of the then CPI surren- dered to the government. Comrade CM raised his voice against the war and mobilised the people to express their resentment. He was put in jail.
After the division of the CPI, he joined the CPI (M). But soon he realised that the party was following the neo-revisionist line under the cover of revolutionary phraseology. In 1964-65 he was sick. He devoted time in studying Marxist literature and Mao’s writings. After recovering he continued his activities among the peasants of Siliguri sub division in Darjeeling district. He took up the task of developing the revolutionary line on the basis of his past experience of class struggles. In 1965 he was once again imprisoned. While in jail he continued the task of laying down firm lines demarcating revolution from revisionism in the concrete conditions of India. In his articles, which are now known as the ‘Eight Documents’, he put forward this revolutionary line. The ideological- political line formulated by him was put into practice.The Naxalbari armed peasant uprising – a spring thunder over India – emerged, raising the revolutionary banner.
Thousands of revolutionaries, workers, peasants, intellectuals, students and youths rallied behind the Naxalbari uprising and its leader com. Charu Mazumdar. This ushered in a new era of the revolutionary movement in India. Defying the threat of the government, the ‘Naxalbari Krishak Samgram Sahayak Committee’ was formed by the communist revolutionaries of Paschim Banga. The struggle going on against revisionism throughout the country was taken to a wholly new level by the Naxalbari armed rebellion. On the basis of this line, communist revolutionaries of the country united under the banner of the All India Co-ordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries, which led to the formation of CPI (M-L) on April 22, 1969.
Com. Charu Mazumdar was the first General Secretary of the CPI (M-L). Under his leadership it organised revolutionary peasant struggles with the orientation of seizure of state power. The struggle spread throughout rural India. Despite severe ill health Com CM travelled throughout the country, inspiring and guiding the communist revolutionaries. He regularly wrote for the party’s publications, shining light on problems faced by comrades in the field of practice and developing struggle aaginst wrong trends and deviations. Com. Charu Mazumdar was arrested on 16th July 1972, from a shelter in Kolkata and was killed in police custody on July 28th, 1972. Inspired by the great trail blazed by com. CM, the revolutionary people of the country continue to hold high the banner of people’s democratic revolution and advance along the path shown by him, shouting aloud: “Naxalbri Ek Hi Raasta!”.