People’s War in India Clippings 18/10/2014


Maoist Manipur claims hand

Imphal, October 17 2014 : Maoist Communist Party, Manipur has claimed responsibility in carrying out series of attacks against the officials of Imphal Urban Coopertive Bank (IUCB) . According to a statement of Maoist Manipur, the gun attack at the residence of IUCB General Manager on September 29, planting of two bombs in front of the IUCB and another bomb at the residence of Vice-President on September 27 last were carried out by the Red Guards of the outfit. The attacks were done to warn the officials of IUCB for being anti-party and reactionary to the people’s revolution, the statement added.


State police forces to lead anti-Naxal operations

NEW DELHI: Clearly demarcating the role of the state police and central paramilitary forces (CPMFs) in anti-Maoist operations, the new counter-Naxal doctrine drafted by Union home minister Rajnath Singh proposes to put state police forces in the lead, while tasking CPMFs with using their pan-Indian mandate for seamless operations across state borders and holding the counter-insurgency grid together. Stating that this was the first time that a comprehensive anti-Left wing extremism policy was being put down in black & white, a senior home ministry official said it largely borrowed from minutes and circulars taken out over the last 4-5 years, while adding some new interventions.

The new policy, which will be circulated to all the states for their comments soon, seeks to fight the Maoists through a four-pronged approach, comprising elements like security-related measures, development-based approach, rights and entitlement-based measures and public perception management. According to details of the policy accessed by TOI, the approach in worst LWE-affected areas will focus on security interventions; in moderately-affected areas it will witness security and development initiatives going hand in hand; while in less affected areas, development interventions will take precedence.

As regards possible peace talks with Naxalites, the draft policy makes it clear that any offer of talks will be taken up only after the Maoists renounce violence as a means of capturing state power and express faith in the democratic process. “The State is duty-bound to resolutely deal with the Maoist violence and reserves the right to use any element of its national power against the outfit if the situation warrants,” say the general principles that underline the policy. Insisting on a periodic review of the counter-Naxal strategies, the policy proposes oversight committee at the national and state level.

The national panel will comprise home minister, finance minister, tribal affairs minister, environment minister, rural development minister, panchayati raj minister and road & transport minister, besides chief ministers of all Naxal-hit states, and will meet bi-annually. Apart from this, there will be an inter-ministerial group, a coordination committee to oversee operational strategies comprising Central and state level officers, as well as a state-level committee for coordinated response by various state agencies.

The new counter-LWE doctrine pitches for making CRPF a world-class counter-insurgency force, with a sustained upgrade in its training, infrastructure, arms and financial powers. While pitching to win hearts and minds of local tribes, it seeks to encourage police/CPMFs to recruit local tribal youth by holding more rallies and working around the DoPT rules to identify ways to push up their representation in the forces. There is emphasis also on honouring tribal icons by renaming projects and key local buildings after them.

Government devises plan to win tribals’ hearts to combat Maoists

Winning the hearts and minds of the tribal population, development and ensuring the legal rights of the local population top the Centre’s agenda for combating Maoists following the realisation in security circles that aggressive operations alone are not good enough. This is part of a new policy prepared by the Home Ministry for tackling left wing extremism, sources said on Friday. The policy clearly states that development and security interventions will go hand-in-hand, with greater focus on development. Sources said the policy is ready and will be sent to states affected by Maoist violence to get their comments.

Mail Today reported last month that the new Maoist policy focuses on wooing local residents and winning their confidence since that would be a big setback for the rebels, who use the tribals to their advantage. Sources said recent intelligence inputs indicated that the number of local militia has been increasing in the “red zones” and there was an urgent need to win the hearts of local residents to derail the movement. The growing numbers of ‘jan militia’, or local residents who are being used as mercenaries and spies, prompted the Centre to focus on winning the confidence of the people who are attracted to the rebels.

Narendra Modi government takes fight with Maoist to another level

Making a huge departure from UPA government’s policy in dealing with the Maoists, in the new Naxal policy that is being framed by the union home ministry, the BJP government has reserved the right to use “any element of its national power” against the CPI (Maoist). The “hawkish” change enumerated in the general principles of the new policy says, “The state is duty bound to resolutely deal with the Maoist violence and reserves the right to use any element of its national power against the outfit as the situation warrants.” Union home minister Rajnath Singh was reviewing the draft of the Maoist policy periodically during the past three months of its preparation.

Describing “any element of national power” a senior officials said, “any element obviously would mean whatever power comes under the command of the State – be it Army, Air Force or any other option but it would be requisitioned only if the situation warrants.” During the UPA regime, even the Chidambaram doctrine, that was considered to be security heavy, had rejected the use of Army and Air Force during the worst of massacres by the Maoists, including the one at Chintagufa in Bastar where 76 CRPF jawans were brutally killed by the Maoists in an ambush. Condemning the policy, noted tribal rights activist, Dr BD Sharma, who served as a commissioner in undivided Bastar said, “It should condemned in absolute terms. Its annihilation of your own people. No democratic government should launch a war against its own people.”

People’s rights activist, Gautam Naulakha said, “There is nothing surprising in it. The government is escalating the war against its own people and giving carte blanche to the forces. I hope the Army will realise the futility of it once such option comes to it as it will degrade their reputation internationally. The ministry of defence had rejected a similar request made by the MHA during Chidambaram’s tenure as home minister. But it will not be easy to put such a policy on the ground as rhetoric and jingoism is different and ground realities are different.”


Naxals drag unarmed, unwell jawan, shoot him in Bastar

A constable Shivkumar was shot dead by Maoists in Bastar region of Naxal-infested Chhattisgarh on Saturday. The policeman, who was suffering from Malaria, was being taken in a civil bus to Dornapal from Temilwada in Sukma district for treatment when the incident occurred. His company commander took the decision of taking him to Sukma without informing his seniors. His movement was spotted by Maoists who tracked the bus after it travelled 3km from the camp. Shivkumar was immediately identified and was asked to de-board the bus. His body was later found on Saturday morning.

Maoists kill villager

A 38-year-old man was today shot dead allegedly by the CPI (Maoists) near Bakra Pul near the copper township of Musaboni, 40 km from here, within Musaboni police station limits of the Naxal-affected Ghatsila sub-division, a senior police officer said. A group of Maoists laced with fire-arms intercepted the victim, Raghunath Kisku, and shot him dead near Bakra Pul, Superintendent of Police (Rural), Shailendra Kumar Sinha said. Sinha said Kisku was a resident of Hadiyan village under Dumaria police station area. Local residents claimed Kisku was the founder member of Nagarik Suraksha Samity (NSS), an anti-Maoist organisation of the villagers that was active in the mid-2000.

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