Nearly seventy comrades were martyred in the path of protracted people’s war as part of the New Democratic Revolution in our country from 2013 July to December. Nearly twenty of these beloved comrades are women comrades. Some of these martyrs lost their precious lives while bravely fighting back the enemy assaults or during PLGA attacks on the enemy forces. Several of these martyr comrades were killed brutally in deceptive attacks carried on by the government forces as part of white terror campaigns, in attacks by counter-revolutionary killer gangs and in fake encounters. A few of them were martyred due to ill-health.
Senior leader of the party, staunch communist and the beloved son of the oppressed masses comrade Ganti Prasadam was shot in daylight in Nellore (AP) on July 4, 2013 by so-called “miscreants” who are none else than state-sponsored killers. Comrade Prasadam was tirelessly working to revive the revolutionary movement in Andhra Pradesh that had suffered a temporary setback by actively leading the mass organizations and mass movements there. He was active in release of political prisoners, was building a consistent movement against the multi-pronged countrywide state offensive called Operation Green Hunt and was playing a crucial role not only in the movement for separate Telangana but also in building support for it in coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema.
He was a veteran trade union leader and never did he flinch in his commitment towards the workers in his long drawn career as a TU leader. His nearly four decade long revolutionary life was fully spent in serving the people as best as he could and even on his death bed his only wish was to be saved not for his own sake but to serve the people more and to fulfill his unfinished responsibilities in the revolution. The people of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and especially the workers of North Andhra always remember him fondly as their well wisher and close comrade. Comrade Ganti won the confidence of the utterly poor workers, various oppressed sections of masses and also that of the progressive intellectuals equally and to such a degree that this would be worth special mention.
He was known for his simplicity, unadulterated hatred for the class enemies and untainted love for the proletariat and the oppressed masses. His work extended from organizational, political and ideological fields to writing literature. The way he mingled with the cadres is worth emulating and he was always on the ready to speak on a wide range of issues to educate the cadres during various revolutionary and other occasions. He was put in jail several times and was interrogated but the enemy could never bend his spirit. He went on with his work and that is why the ruling classes found this 60-plus comrade a ‘grave threat’ to their ‘internal security’ and had him assassinated. They could not kill the spirit of comrade Prasadam and it would continue to inspire thousands of young men and women of our country to dedicate themselves to the service of the people.
Within a few months of comrade Prasadam’s death, another very senior leader of the oppressed masses, of the teacher community and especially of the Telangana people comrade Akula Bhumaiah was killed brutally in a state sponsored accident in December. He was active in the movement for separate Telangana of 1969 and developed into a student leader. He played a prominent role in building and developing the teachers unions. In the background of the raging revolutionary movement in the state he developed organic links to the teachers unions with the movement, always planning to disseminate progressive and revolutionary ideas through various forums created for the teachers and students and always strove to bridge the gap between the intellectual and the common people. He served as a model of what a teacher with social responsibility should be.
He wrote a book on scientific education and taught about it on innumerable occasions. Since 1996 he dedicated his services to the movement for separate Telangana. In spite of several death threats which are not uncommon for any pro-people intellectual in AP under various fascist regimes, he carried on with undaunted spirit. He even escaped being bumped off in a fake encounter once. The Telangana people, the teacher community he organized, the students whom he taught and the people he loved would never forget the contributions and services of comrade Bhumaiah and would carry on his dream of building a democratic Telangana with his inspiration.
Comrade Gajjela Sarojana (Amara) who was martyred on 11-12-2013 due to ill-health was one of senior most women comrade of the CPI (Maoist) who spent decades of her life in the selfless service of the people expecting nothing in return except their liberation from the yokes of all kinds of exploitation and oppression. Her father was a worker in the Singareni collieries. Her elder brother was the legendary comrade Gajjela Gangaram who was martyred in 1981 when a bomb blasted during manufacture in a military training camp. Her mother was likened to Gorky’s mother for her support to the revolutionary movement and also for encouraging her children to take part in it.
Inspired by such working class family tradition of support to revolution on the one hand and by the raging workers revolutionary movement in Singareni collieries in the early 80s comrade Sarojana too decided to dedicate her life for the New Democratic Revolution in our country at a very young age in her teens. Comrade Sarojana first worked in Adilabad district as a student activist and later as a student PR for a few years. For a few years she worked in the technical work outside the district. Later she worked for a few years in the squads in Adilabad district. Later her revolutionary life till her death was spent in Dandakaranya.
Most of her life was spent in the service of the oppressed Adivasis – in making them literates and in teaching them Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. She married comrade Shyam (CCM who was killed in a fake encounter on December 2, 1999 along with two more CCM comrades Mahesh and Murali) and was arrested with him in 1986. She was put in jail for three years but that could not bend her spirit. She once again went underground after being released. The martyrdom of comrade Shyam was a big personal blow to her but she recovered her strength by working for the Adivasis with more dedication. Comrade Sarojana lived a very simple life, was loving towards comrades and was humble.
In spite of her seniority in the party she never thought about her own development and dedicated her services selflessly for the revolution. Even when the enemy was destroying Janatana Sarkar schools in Dandakaranya she tried to enthuse the students and put efforts to teach them amid such difficult conditions without losing heart. Even in her 50s she used to do physical work. She used to write inspiring poems, songs and letters. She had serious ill-health problems but overcame them with the true spirit of a revolutionary. She suffered from deadly cancer in her last days. Due to severe repression under OGH her treatment went on amid risks and finally the enemy forces closed in on her. She escaped in the last minute and reached her beloved comrades and people in the Dandakaranya forest and suffered horrible physical pain due to severe abdominal infection for a few days.
When she knew she was dying she called all the young comrades and filled them with great revolutionary spirit by telling them how they should live, work and die and how never to think in self interest and bow before the enemy. She asked them to convey her Lal Salaam to the comrades she had known and worked with and breathed her last. The last message of this veteran comrade would always inspire the younger generations teaching them a thing or two about what dedication and selflessness is all about. Her ideals would help in the Bolshevization campaign that the party had taken up recently.
In Dandakaranya – comrade Hitesh (Company-2 member) was martyred while bravely fighting back the enemy forces in an ambush laid by the PLGA near Nukanpalli in West Bastar. In Medri village of Gadchiroli district six women comrades were brutally killed in cold blood by the C-60 commandos after catching them alive with injuries and in spite of severe protests from the people. The police treated these women comrades with utter disrespect and contempt before murdering them and had even recorded in mobile phones their ghastly patriarchal and inhuman treatment of their bodies while alive and even after they were dead.
They had distributed this widely among the Adivasi peasants to scare them away from the Maoists. The Maharashtra police are trying to surpass the Sri Lankan army in their brutal treatment of women fighters. But their brutality would only lead to more hatred of them among the poor peasants. Two women comrades were also similarly killed after being caught in Indur massacre in the same Gadchiroli district and by the same fascist forces. Comrade Danni, area Janatana Sarkar president and another comrade were martyred in Gadchiroli bravely fighting the enemy forces. Comrade Danni saved leadership comrades on that day by putting her life at stake.
She was taken in an injured state to a safe place by her fellow comrades. In spite of their best efforts she breathed her last in their hands. The spirit she displayed in the face of death and her eagerness to hand over all the secret dumps which she alone knew to the party moved the comrades to tears. The ever smiling beloved daughter of the earth died with a smile on lips perhaps indicating her satisfaction at having fulfilled her responsibilities even in such a short but most meaningful life as a revolutionary.
Two women comrades – Coms. Jano and Jyothi were martyred while fighting the enemy forces at Burgum in East Bastar. Com. Jyothi was killed in cold blood after she was caught with injuries. Comrade Badru (West Bastar) was also killed after he was injured in an encounter with the enemy forces. Local activists like comrade Sukram and action team member comrade Vijay, both working in East Bastar were killed in fake encounters. PLGA comrades Paike, Santi, Idumal, Somal and Jogal were also martyred in DK in enemy attacks.
Comrades Bojjal and Sarita died of ill health in DK. In AOB – in one of the most brutal massacres in the revolutionary history of Odisha, 13 militia comrades – all sons of the soil – were murdered at Silakot by the reactionary SOG forces led by Malkangiri SP of the fascist Naveen Patnaik government on September 14, 2013. Comrade Golla Ramulu (Sridhar) who had worked as an Area Committee secretary was killed in a fake encounter after brutally torturing him. PLGA comrades Rambatti, Sukkai (Niyamagiri), Santosh (Bolangir), Dhanaji (Ronda-Bolangir) were also martyred in different incidents..
In Jharkhand six comrades died in attacks by the reactionary PLFI and the TPC goons. In West Bengal comrade Hemant Mahato and another comrade were killed by the state sponsored goons of the fascist Mamta regime. The Khammam Divisional Committee member comrade Naresh and Comrade Ramu were killed in a fierce encounter with the enemy forces at Bade Chelima on October 31, 2013. Both these comrades were from the oppressed classes and had a long history of revolutionary activities.
Comrade Naresh hailing from Warangal district in North Telangana was attracted to the revolutionary movement while he was studying and he became a Radical Students Union activist and fought back the ABVP goons who were a menace to the students. Later he joined the squads and gradually developed to the level of a DVCM through his painstaking hard work amid one of the most repressive period in the history of NT.
His sixteen year long revolutionary life shows how resilient a revolutionary should be in face of any kinds of odds. Comrade Ramu was a young comrade of twenty five years hailing from a poor peasant family. He was married at a young age and had two little children. He was arrested and tortured brutally twice while he was actively working in his village but they could not bend his spirit. He left his young wife and children and joined the squads.
The martyrdom of these two staunch communists is no doubt a serious blow to the Khammam movement in particular and to the entire NT movement but their work and their lives would continue to inspire the fighting people of NT. Raju, a militia member was also martyred in NT. Let us pay humble homage to these great martyrs who selflessly laid their lives for the liberation of the oppressed classes of our country. Let us vow to carry forward their lofty aims and not to rest until our goal is reached.
Maoist Information Bulletin-28