Since the launch of PW in India, People’s Militia organizations have been formed and are playing their role in the resistance struggles. After the formation of PLGA, People’s Militia is developing in a more consolidated manner. The squads that have been working till then – Self-defence squads – SDS, Jan Militia squads (PMS), Gram Rakshak Squads (GRD), Area Rakshak Squads (ARD) began developing further, vastly. Where people’s political power organs are being formed, that is in areas where RPCs are present, Praja Rakshak squads (PRDs) and militia platoons have been formed. At present efforts are on to build militia companies. The People’s Militia is fulfilling the following main tasks :
Defending from the attacks of armed police and paramilitary forces, punishing local enemies of the people, standing in support of Revolutionary People’s Governments, mass organizations and mass struggles, protecting them and developing mass resistance struggles and leading them. Panchayat Militia Commands and Area Militia Commands that led the militia activities and coordinated them were formed under the leadership of the Panchayat level and Area level RPCs. They are gaining experience in some areas in DK, Bihar- Jharkhand and AOB. These militia structures that are being formed with vast mass base and developing are like a perennial river for PW and guerilla warfare. They keep them alive. That is why the police, paramilitary forces and the exploiting ruling classes are terrified by the People’s Militia. They are conducting suppression campaigns on a huge scale targeting the militia.
As part of this, several heroic Militia Supreme Commanders, Militia Platoon Commanders and Militia members have been martyred while fighting bravely in the battlefield. The Sidhu-Kanu Militia Supreme Commander comrade Sidhu Soren, Ghenoba Bahini Supreme Commander comrade Singanna and many other comrades were martyred at enemy hands. They painted the People’s Militia red with their warm blood. When we examine the activities of the People’s Militia that were carried on militantly, actively and in a varied manner in this past decade, we can see that it is developing as a strong base force of the PLGA. It is not an exaggeration to say that the mass resistance actions of the People’s Militia forces are continuously happening in DK, BJ, AOB and West Bengal.
The state, central police, commando, special forces and the counter-revolutionary mobs are being resisted in whatever manner they can by the people, mass organizations and people’s militia in their hundreds and thousands collectively, in the form of Action Teams and jointly along with the PLGA forces. As a result, though there are thousands of paramilitary, commando and special task force jawans in police stations and camps, it has become difficult for them to come out of their camps and patrol even for one km.
After the formation of PLGA, the number of People’s Militia organizations increased considerably. As a result, gradually a significant change occurred in the nature of the actions conducted by the People’s Militia on the enemy. They are heroically attacking the enemy having modern weapons with their traditional weapons, killing them and seizing their weapons. Since a decade, People’s Militia rallied from dozens to thousands in number and participated in various activities. They fought back the enemy as much as they could and conducted hundreds of harassment actions and injured dozens of policemen. In some incidents, they wiped out the enemy forces. In weekly markets, small towns and in front of shops, they attacked the police and paramilitary jawans who were single and armed, injured or killed them and seized weapons.
Such kind of actions sent chills down the spines of the enemy. To stop at every step the armed police mobs and killer gangs that come to attack the villages, they dug/set up thousands of blasting booby traps and traditional traps. Protesting the illegal arrests of people, militia members, Sangam leaders and members, the masses heroically resisted the police and got them released in several places. The role of People’s Militia in finding out the activities of class enemies, people’s enemies, informers and coverts in the rural areas by continuous surveillance on them and in protecting the revolutionary movement and the revolutionary leadership from them is very important.
Their role is also crucial in catching the CIDs sent secretly into the movement areas and punishing them in the people’s courts. The role of People’s Militia units cannot be underestimated in continuously doing sentry duties to defend the villages from the attacks of police and the counter-revolutionary goons, in stopping arrests, in getting the arrested persons released and in providing protection to the political, organizational works, struggles and production activities of the people. People’s Militia is acting as the eyes and ears to the main and secondary forces of the PLGA and is extending active help and support to it, thus playing a crucial role in developing PW. They are staying for one week or ten days with those forces, participating in attacks and are playing an excellent role in making them successful. It is destroying enemy supplies, seizing them and handing them over to people and PLGA and extending logistical support. The role of People’s Militia in destroying comprador bourgeois and imperialist properties is also primary.
Common Militia that is emerging from mass resistance struggles
The people who are arming themselves in various mass agitations are consolidating into Common Militia. It is due to the crucial role of the People’s Militia that mass agitations are developing into resistance struggles. In the struggles that came to the fore against the counter-revolutionary organizations and campaigns like Salwa Judum (DK), Sendra (Jharkhand), Nagrik Suraksha Samiti (JH-Paschim Bang border), TPC (Bihar), JPC (JH), PLFI (JH), Sasastr People’s Morcha (Bihar), Harmad Vahini (the social fascist army of the CPM in Paschim Bang), Santi Committee (Narayanapatna), in anti- displacement struggles and in land struggles people formed Bhumkal Militia (DK), Sidhu-Kanu Militia (Lalgarh), Ghenoba Bahini (Narayanapatna), Manyam Pituri Sena (Visakha), Niyamgiri Suraksha Sena (Niyamgiri) and all these are forms of Common Militia.
PLGA and Militia defeat counter- revolutionary organizations and campaigns
To wipe out the revolutionary movement as part of LIC, the exploiting ruling classes formed SPO system several counter-revolutionary killer gangs and campaigns like SJ, Sendra, NASUS and Harmad Vahini and incited them. PLGA and People’s Militia fought them back by raising the consciousness of people against this and by implementing class line and mass line firmly. They armed the people and consolidated them in People’s Militia organizations. In DK, particularly women have fought back the SJ mobs everywhere.
Ambushes and raids like Vinjaram, Padeda, NMDC, Darbhagudem, Murkinar, Kotha Cheruvu, series of attacks on SJ sibirs of Gangalur, Basagudem, Manikunta, Dondra and Errabore, Pundri booby trap, Ranibodili, Urpalmetta, Tadimetla, Tonguda, Battiguda, Modugupal, Tadkel, Minpa and Kokavada put an end to SJ murderous campaign. Attack on Sendra led by Babulal Marandi, the attack on the mentor of NASUS and Jharkhand Mukti Morcha leader MLA Sunil Mahato, Ghatsila revenue division NASUS leader Santosh Mahato, his right hand Krista Mahato and continuous attacks on dozens of their goons by the PLGA led to the defeat of Sendra and NASUS in BJ and BJO areas.
PLGA and People’s Militia suppress the arrogance of counter-revolutionary gangs like TPC-JPC and JAL and defeat private armies like Ranvir Sena
In Bihar and Jharkhand private armies like Sunlight Sena and Ranvir Sena and secret gangs like TPC, JLT, JPC and SPM have been formed under the aegis of the reactionary government. With the experience of having fought with the feudal armies from the beginning in Bihar and by holding aloft the class line and mass line more so after its formation, the PLGA waged constant battle against these counter-revolutionary secret gangs and private armies.
In central Bihar and western Jharkhand several such battles were waged. Let us look at some of the important ones among them below : Counter-revolutionary government secret gangs and their leaders in western Jharkhand like TPC’s (Tritiya Prastuti Committee) State leader Murari, local leaders Sudhir Singh, Kariman Ganju, Bhola Uraon @ Mahesh, Kamta Prasad @ Hakad and several members like Dev Charan Mahato, Chanarik Turi, Satyanand Mahato, Prabhu Yadav, Sravan Kumar Singh and Gudu Ganju; JPC (Jharkhand Prastuti Committee) area commander Shafiq Ansari @ Rajesh, five JPC members in Chatra district, traitor Ravindra Mehta gang leaders Ajay Yadav, Surendra Mehta, Surendra Uraon and Hemant Uraon, Sonulal Uraon, Sanjay Paswan; later first and second rank goonda leaders like SPM’s (Sasastr People’s Morcha) Amit (he was with the TPC at first); Santi Sena killer gang leader Bhado Singh and several of his gang members; PLFI (People’s Liberation Front of India) and JLT (Jharkhand Liberation Tigers) goons were annihilated by the PLGA. At present the arrogance of these private armies and gangs was suppressed. The role of SDS and PMS is important in all these struggles.
Sidhu-Kanu People’s Militia Gives Big Blows to the Social Fascist Harmad Vahini mobs
The Harmad Vahini fascist counter-revolutionary killer gangs are a form of social fascism in Paschim Bang. The anti-people, exploiting and murderous policies followed by the left front governments led by CPM for the past three decades faced the wrath of mass resistances in Singur and Nandigram. Exactly from then on, the social fascist murderous gang of Harmad Vahini also faced the wrath of the people. As part of the deluge of Lalgarh people, the heroic masses of Lalgarh revolted with hatred against Harmad Vahini and conducted huge resistance attacks on the Vahini and the CPM killer politicians who led it.
Led by Sidhu-Kanu People’s Militia that emerged from this resistance, the heroic masses of Lalgarh wiped out hundreds of various levels of CPM leaders and Harmad Vahini goons. In fact, this resistance has shaken the foundations of CPM in Paschim Bang. This resistance movement is intensifying and expanding to several spheres and areas and is advancing by seriously resisting the OGH offensive with the support of patriots, democrats and people of India. The martyrdom of people’s revolt leader comrade Sidhu Soren, the Militia Commander famous as the second Sidhu and that of multi-talented leader of people’s revolt comrade Umakant Mahato is a serious loss to the movement. In the two year long movement more than 110 Lalgarh people spilled their blood. Due to their supreme sacrifices, the people could defeat CPM’s social fascism and its Harmad Vahini goons.
Ghenoba Bahini defends the People
The Narayanapatna movement started as a peaceful agitation for land led by Chasi Mulia Sangha. As part of it, ‘Ghenoba Bahini’ volunteer group was formed in the beginning of 2008 to maintain discipline during meetings, rallies, dharnas etc. The activists wore red clothes, boots and socks, a whistle hanging from their necks and carried traditional weapons. Women too were members of Ghenoba Bahini. The Commander-in-Chief was comrade Singanna. Ghenoba Bahini played a good role under his courageous leadership. It increased the self- confidence of the people. Within a few months of its formation in May 2008, Santi Sena was formed with the aim of suppressing the movement.
Attacks on Chasi Mulia Sangha members, its activities, villages and people began. With this the tasks of Ghenoba Bahini widened. It became its primary task to protect the Sangam, villages and people. Arranging sentries in villages, resisting the attacks of Santi Sena, making defence arrangements including keeping sentries all around during agitation programmes and meetings became the tasks of Ghenoba Bahini. Its units were formed in several panchayats. It participated actively in attacking arrack shops and arrack manufacturing units of big traders and in making success the election boycott call. Santi Commiittee became inactive with the actions conducted jointly by PLGA and Ghenoba Bahini in 2010 on the Santi Committee leaders and goons.
‘Manyam Pituri Sena’ stands in the forefront in Land Struggles
On December 6, 2010, during the celebrations of tenth anniversary of PLGA, the Adivasi peasantry occupied 110 hectares (275 acres) of coffee plantations of Balapam-Korukonda coffee estate belonging to APFDC, under the leadership of our party in Chintapalli mandal (Visakha agency, AOB). PLGA stood in support of this struggle. As part of this struggle, ‘Manyam Pituri Sena’ was formed in Visakha agency. This People’s Militia was formed with the inspiration of the anti-British struggle (1922- 24) led by Alluri. Apart from these, Common Militia organizations are coming to the fore as part of several mass struggles. Under the leadership of our party, PLGA is extending its support to all of these.
Thus People’s Militia is playing a crucial role in advancing the PW and in developing mass struggles into resistance struggles and making them part of PW. People’s Militia has strategic significance in PW. People cannot be liberated from exploitation and oppression unless they are armed on a large scale. With the participation of vastly armed masses and People’s Militia, the guerilla warfare carried on by PLGA acquires a mass character and it develops into People’s War. It is a historical fact that armed people can seize political power only through their united strength.
from A Decade March of PLGA