Women Martyrs of The Indian Revolution-Comrade Ganga (Narmada)


Martyrdom : 11-09-2009

Com. Gangakka (Narmada was born in 1969 in the village Moti near Jagityal town of Karimnagar district. She was the only daughter of her mother Putta Nalla Posavva and father Narsaiah. Her father died due to ill health when Gangakka was one year old. They were a poor family and so Ganga and her brother worked as laborers from childhood to help their mother maintain the family. Narmada was just 10 years old when she started working. Ganga was married at a young age to her relative. They were sympathizers of the party and her husband worked in RYL. So Ganga also started participating in rallies and meetings along with them.

She sheltered and looked after the party activists who came to their home. She worked as a beedi worker and organized the women workers. She was in the forefront in the struggles conducted for rise in wages. The commission agents used to oppress and exploit women sexually. She united the women and participated in punishing these agents. When RYL activists were arrested in Allipur village, all the villagers had gathered together carrying traditional weapons and pressurized the police to release them. Ganga participated actively in this struggle. Such struggles were a common occurrence in the villages of NT in those days when anti-feudal struggles broke out as an avalanche.

She participated in all the anti-feudal and anti-state struggles in her area in those days. Her husband was arrested and in the severe repression Ganga had to go and stay at her mother’s home. She worked as a laborer there. Her mother pressurized her to marry again, as life with a party activist involved great risk. But she patiently explained to her mother and resisted attempts for her remarriage. After her husband was released, Ganga went to her in-laws home again and continued working as a beedi worker. In this process, she decided to become a full timer of the party in 1991 and she was given party membership in 1992.

The party asked the couple to leave home and do technical work for the party. Narmada left her second son with the relatives and went underground along with her husband and the first son. Narmada learnt to read and write in the party, she maintained the den efficiently without any of the neighbors getting any doubt about their true identity. She did couriering work too. Sometimes it was she took the weapons and handed over to the guerillas in the forests. While going around alone on such works, she had to face harassments from rowdies and lumpen elements. But she bravely faced them and fulfilled her tasks efficiently. In 1997, they were given some important responsibilities and she had to leave her son with her relatives. She unhesitatingly left her son with her relatives and proceeded on her work.

The couple settled in a new state and Narmada learnt the language there. She was the one who mainly ran the shop they had opened for cover. Later the enemy had identified the den and kept watch on it. Narmada was almost caught but she escaped from the back door with good presence of mind. The enemy began immediately searching for her all over the city in the main centres but she escaped the dragnet. The couple had to face lot of problems for some weeks till they again got party contact. But Narmada never lost heart. She in fact used to tell her partner to be brave. The couple was shifted to DK in 1997.

Narmada learnt the local language and learnt about the disciplined life of the squad too. She participated in the production of arms and though she was inexperienced, she gradually learnt to manufacture the parts and assemble them. Thus she became a member of the technical department of DK. Later in 2001, Narmada became a mentally challenged person and due to that problem, she left the squad one night. She was not aware of what she was doing or where she was going. She somehow landed in Mumbai and began roaming the streets like a beggar in that insane state. Her insanity increased gradually.

She did not take bath or have a change of clothes for about 6, 7 months and roamed on the roads in that condition. Finally she somehow remembered the house of a sympathizer there and went to them. They did not recognize her immediately. She went away crying and then they got a doubt and looked at her one more time and realilzed that she was none other than Narmada. They too cried and took her into their fold. They bathed her and gave her clothes and food. She worked as a domestic servant and remained there. But she used to go away from that house too in an insane state and they used to bring her back after searching for her.

The party could get information about her only in 2003 and the party immediately got her back to DK. She was given treatment and gradually her condition improved and she began working in the technical department once again. She even became the doctor of the team though she was herself a patient. She treated them and even cooked medical food for them. She was an affectionate and caring doctor for the members of the team. Narmada suffered from Parkinson’s disease since two years before her death. She had brain strokes and gradually one hand and one leg stopped working in mid-2008. She was treated and cured.

But again she had a stroke on September 9, 2009 and her left hand stopped working. She went around with a stick and did works and served patients too for two days even in that condition. But on 11th evening she again got a stroke and after suffering till mid-night she breathed her last. She was 40 years old when she died. The party had lost a senior woman comrade who had continued with the party in spite of so many ups and downs in her life health wise. The TD team and the DK party grieved her loss and performed her last rites with revolutionary traditions. A letter was sent to her family eulogizing her contributions for the revolution.

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