India: Passive Defence In Jharkhand – Analysis
A five-day anti-Naxal (Left Wing Extremism), multi-State offensive, led by Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), was executed between December 27-31. During the operation, CRPF and Jharkhand Police troops neutralized a Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) arms manufacturing unit in the Simdega District of Jharkhand. The factory had reportedly been set up two months earlier, and had lathe machines, which were procured from Kolkata [West Bengal].
The Forces also discovered that the factory was being run on electricity from generator sets looted from BSNL towers in the vicinity. Further, Security Forces (SFs) were alarmed to find a “unique dual switch mechanism” that could be activated by remote control and also serve as a timer device to detonate explosions. In a separate incident, a Maoists cadre, Ramesh Munda, was killed and another, Lalmohan Munda, was arrested in an encounter with SFs in Lobed village in the Adki Block of Khunti District on January 14, 2014.
SF efforts notwithstanding,Jharkhand has maintained the dubious distinction of recording highest number of total fatalities, as well as of civilian fatalities, among Left Wing Extremism (LWE)-affected States for the second consecutive year in 2013, even as the CPI-Maoist appeared to be losing some momentum in the State. According to data released by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA), Jharkhand witnessed a total of 162 fatalities – 120 civilians, 30 SFs and 12 Naxals – in LWE-related incidents in Jharkhand in 2013, while Chhattisgarh recorded a total of 148 fatalities – 66 civilians, 44 SFs and 38 Naxals – in the year.
Though Maoist fatalities in direct encounters with SFs were low in Jharkhand in 2013, the total number of Left Wing Extremists killed, if fratricidal gunfights are taken into account, was much higher. According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) data base, at least 57 Maoists were killed in Jharkhand through 2013. SF losses remained at roughly the same level over the past four years, with 30 killed in 2013, despite an overall decline in Maoist violence since 2011, suggesting that the Maoists have retained their capabilities in Jharkhand.
The Maoists sent shockwaves across the country at the very beginning of 2013, when they killed nine Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and one Jharkhand Jaguars trooper in an ambush near Amawatikar village in Latehar District, Jharkhand, on January 7, 2013, and then surgically inserted Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) inside the abdomen of two dead CRPF troopers. They kept the momentum going till the middle of the year with another four major attacks (each involving three or more fatalities) — two against SFs, one against civilians and one against the People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI), a splinter group of the CPI-Maoist.
However, Maoists suffered heavily in at least two major reverses – one at the hand of Tritiya Prstuti Committee (TPC) and another at the hands of the SFs. In a third incident, the Police claimed that eight Maoists were killed, but not a single body was recovered. Two points of significance emerge: one, the Maoists were not involved in any major incident in Jharkhand after July 2013; and two their fratricidal war against TPC and PLFI has intensified further. A range of other parameters suggest that, though the Maoists could not sustain their early pace through 2013, they have been able to retain their overall capacities in the State.
While the number of LWE incidents remained comparable between 2011 and 2012, there was a 20 per cent decline in 2013. Similarly, the number of attacks on the SFs (including landmines) had remained comparable in 2011 and 2012, but the decline was sharp, from 21 to 14, between 2012 and 2013. The number of arms snatched also declined from 30 to just 8. The number of training camps organised fell from 12 in 2012 to nine in 2013. Significantly, the number of Jan Adalats (‘people’s courts, Kangaroo courts organised by the Maoists) almost doubled, from 23 in 2012 to 41 in 2013. The number of encounters with the Police also increased from 43 to 55, though the number of arrests declined marginally, from 377 to 332. Maoist attacks on economic targets also remained low….
Two Naxals killed in Chhattisgarh
Raipur, Jan 21 (PTI) Two suspected Naxals were today killed in an encounter by BSF troops in Chhattisgarh’s Kanker district, officials said. The incident occurred in the forests of Mirchibeda under Koyalibeda police station of the district when a patrol of the Border Security Force (BSF) was out on an anti-Naxal operation.
Explosives recovered during anti-Maoist operations in Bihar
A huge haul of explosives, including 70 hand grenades and 25 live pipe bombs, were recovered in a joint operation launched by the CRPF and Bihar Police in Naxal-hit Munger and Jamui districts of the state on Tuesday. Acting on a tip-off about the presence of several Maoists, police, led by SP Navin Kumar, recovered the huge cache of arms during operation “Green Hunt”, Jamui SP Jitendera Rana said. Materials used for making bombs have been recovered along with live pipe bombs, he said.
BOKARO: Four improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were recovered in a Gomia forest during a joint operation on Monday. A joint team of the district police and the CRPF recovered the explosives, which were planted inside the Banchatra forest in Gomia allegedly by Maoist cadres. Two of the three IEDs were 3kg each while the other was more powerful and weighed about 6kg. SP Jitender Singh, who was part of the search team, said the IEDs were recovered in active state.
India: Outside Intrusions In Arunachal Pradesh – Analysis
…Meanwhile, another emerging concern is the presence of CPI-Maoist cadres in the State. The Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, R. P. N. Singh, on March 20, 2013, disclosed that movements of CPI-Maoist cadres had been reported from the Lohit and Lower Dibang Valley Districts of Arunachal Pradesh. According to the SATP database, at least five Maoists have been arrested from the State – three in 2012 (all from Lohit) and two in 2011 (all from Lohit). However, no Maoist was arrested in the State in 2013…