Women Martyrs of The Indian Revolution-Sangidigundala Martyrs


Martyrdom : 27-06-2006

Comrade Tummala Padma (Swaroopa)

Com. Padma was born in an ordinary family in Panjugula village of Kalwakurthy mandal of Mahboobnagar district. Right from her childhood she used to herd cattle and help her parents as their eldest child. After she grew up she was married to a person from Gundloor village of the same mandal. Since her husband was a revolutionary activist she got interested in revolutionary politics and both of them decided to join the party as full timers. But by that time they had a small child.

But they were determined to join the squad and so they left the six month old baby with his family members and joined the squads. Leaving behind her small baby, she continued along with her fellow comrades in the movement and developed herself into a party member and then into the deputy commander of the Nallamala squad. She worked at first in the Upper Plot area and later she worked among the Chenchu adivasis and the fishermen on the river Krishna. She participated in the struggles against the corruption of ITDA and Girijan stores and against the fishing company owners who exploited the fishermen.

She was very patient as a deputy commander and mingled well with the squad members. Though her physical condition did not allow her to scale the big mountains in the Nallamala forest, she continued to put in lots of efforts. It is not an exaggeration if we say that there was nobody in that area who did not know Swaroopa. That was the way she mingled with the people. She never expressed the desire to be with her baby and always believed that only a better society that will allow true relationships to prosper and so worked for that aim till her death.

Her life is an example for all of us to follow. In two police firings on Upper Plot and Nallamala squads she fought bravely with the enemy. In the greyhound police attack on the squad near Sangidigundala in January 2006, she was martyred along with eight other comrades. Just two days before the encounter, she was bitten by a snake and was in a weak condition when they were attacked. This was one of the most ghastly incidents in the history of the revolutionary movement in AP and the greyhounds true to their name killed our beloved comrades in a cold blooded manner.

Comrade Indira (Manjula)

Com. Indira was born in a middle class dalit family in the Pedamoola village of Chandampet mandal of Nalgonda district. She was attracted by the revolutionary movement and joined as a full timer in 2002. She worked in the South Telangana platoon and was later shifted to Nallamala division. She worked hard as a squad member and developed into an AC member. She married a fellow comrade. She learnt to read and write. She put a proposal before the party that she wants work in an organizational squad.

So she was shifted back to South Telangana. During that period she was killed in the encounter at Sangidi Gundala. She was a disciplined soldier and was always helpful to others. She was simple and straight forward. She serves as a model to all of us with such good qualities. Comrade Madhavi (Saidamma) (18) Com. Madhavi was born in the village Avulonibaavi of the Uppununthala mandal of Mahboobnagar district in an ordinary Yadav family. When she was a child, her father had left them and married another woman. So it was her mother who brought her up by working as a daily wage laborer.

She even managed to send Madhavi to school till 7th standard. In her teens Saidamma fell in love with a young relative. He became a full time activist of the party. After some time she also decided to become a full timer for the party. She joined as a full timer in September 2005. At first the main reason for her joining was because her husband was a full time activist. But she very quickly learnt the party politics and dedicated her life to the people. She became a member of the first platoon. As she fell ill, it became increasingly difficult for her to continue in this work. Even while the party was thinking of shifting her to some other work, she died in the encounter at Sangidi Gundala in June 2006. There is a lot we have to learn from her.

Comrades Suguna (Gangamma) (18), Padma (Kotamma) (16), Pushpa (Lingamma) (17)

‘The three Chenchu daughters of the soil – Gangamma (Suguna), Lingamma (Pushpa) and Kotamma (Padma) were born and brought up in Appapur of Lingal mandal of Mahboobnagar district. Since there was a Government Ashram School in the village they studied there in the primary section. As the whole village was in contact with the party they were influenced by the politics since they were young and came into contact with the squad.

They started questioning the exploitation and oppression in the village. They opposed the traditional marriages in the village and decided to join the squad. Actually the party was also keen to recruit people from the Chenchus in that core area. They were recruited and were being trained for the squad life. Within four days they had an encounter with the police near Eerlapenta. But the girls showed exemplary courage and withstood in that incident.

Within five days, there was an encounter again at Sangidi Gundala on June 27, 2006 and the cruel grey hounds police killed these three adivasi young women along with a adivasi boy named Sivudu. He belonged to the Appayapalli village and was herding cattle since childhood. He was also interested in joining the squads and so he had joined just a few days before the encounter.

Chenchus are one of the most backward tribes of India and they had been kept in such backwardness by the government even after almost 60 yrs of so called ‘independence’. They had joined the movement as they had realized there won’t be any improvement in their lives unless this exploitative society is overthrown and an egalitarian society is established. Their martyrdom once again exposes how callous this government can be that it does not hesitate to kill such poor, young boys and girls in the name of crushing the movement.

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