Peoples War in India Clippings 24/12/2013


Naxal camp busted, 1 ultra held in Chhattisgarh

Raipur: Security forces on Sunday claimed to have busted a Naxal camp following an encounter with ultras in Narayanpur district of Chhattisgarh. A woman Naxal, who was injured in the incident, was arrested, police said. Eight muzzle-loading guns and three 315 bore guns were recovered from the site in the forest in the Kutul police station limits after a gun battle yesterday, Narayanpur Additional Superintendent of Police OP Sharma told a news agency today.

Joint team of special task force of state police and district police force was carrying out combing operations in the jungles of Kutul, around 400 km away from Raipur, for the past two days. Naxals opened indiscriminate firing following which the jawans retaliated, and the ultras fled the spot, Sharma said. The injured woman Naxal was shifted to Raipur for treatment, he said. Several Naxal cadres received bullet injuries but the others managed to take them along while fleeing under the cover of darkness, he said.

Revised pay and perks for anti-Naxalite force

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: After the decision to adopt Greyhounds training for the anti-Naxalite squad in the state, the state government has also revised the pay and perks for the officials in the force considering the risks involved in such operations. The police department had to coerce the government to revise the allowance and include additional perks for the team members after the government allowance announced initially was found to be too meagre a compensation for the tasks to be undertaken by the force. The order in this regard was issued on Thursday.



Six Maoists held in Sarguja

RAIPUR: Six Maoists were arrested with a huge cache of arms and ammunition during a search operation in Sarguja region of Balrampur district of the state. The ultras were nabbed while they were hiding in forests of Kamardih and Mauhadih under Shankargarh police station area on Sunday, Balrampur superintendent of police GS Darro said. Since last Saturday, a joint team of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and district force had been on an area domination exercise in forests of Kamardiah, around 400km from Raipur, on the border of Balrampur-Jashpur districts connecting Jharkhand. When security personnel reached Mauhadih forests, they caught six suspected men trying to escape from the jungle, the SP said, adding, later during interrogation they admitted their involvement in the Naxalite movement. Those arrested were Amar Sai, Salik Ram, Bhajan, Raju, Matru and Chhapi.

Three 315 bore rifles, two country-made guns, two 12 bore guns and live cartridges were also recovered from their possession, the SP added. According to police sources, Naxalite activity in Surguja Range was at its peak between 2004-2006. Concerted efforts of security forces, opening of new police stations/out posts, deployment of security forces at strategic locations, strengthening of local intelligence in the region checked Maoist activities in the region at the end of last decade, sources added. In the last few years, no major Naxalite disturbance has come to light in this area, sources said. PTI Those arrested were Amar Sai, Salik Ram, Bhajan, Raju, Matru and Chhapi. Three 315 bore rifles, two country-made guns, two 12 bore guns and live cartridges were also recovered from their possession.

Two C-60 jawans hurt as firefight erupts with Naxals

NAGPUR: Two Commando-60 jawans were hurt, one of them through a bullet, during an exchange of fire between police force and Naxalites in the outskirts of Rengawahi village of Etapalli division on Monday in south Gadchiroli. Dasru Pungati, piloting the C-60 squad, suffered the bullet injury on his left knee while commander of the unit Koko Narote suffered a fall and hurt his left elbow in the gun-battle.

It has come to fore that a C-60 squad, leaving Etapalli police station, was heading towards Rengawahi village after learning about presence of a sizable group of Naxals in the adjoining forested regions. Deputy inspector general of police, Naxal range, Ravindra Kadam stated operations were already underway in Etapalli and adjoining localities for the last four days. “Police force had been fanning out in the jungles and villages of the entire region in the last few days . The latest encounter was fallout of a specific intelligence input,” he said.

Cops hold public meeting in fugitive ultra Ganpathi’s village

Karimnagar (AP): In a bid to instill confidence in villagers affected by Maoist insurgency in the district and to flush out fugitive naxal leader Muppala Laxman Rao alias Ganpathi, police recently held a public meeting in his native Beerpur. The initiative is taken by SP Siva Shankar who organised the meeting at the village under Sarangpur revenue mandal, nearly 70 kms from here, where locals from 22 villages participated.

Naxalites eye educated but unemployed Dalits

NAGPUR: State Anti-Naxal Operations (ANO) cell has issued a confidential message to all the police units, including Mumbai and rest of western Maharashtra, across the state alerting them regarding a massive countrywide plan of the rebels to revive their movement with the help of Dalit, especially targeting the educated but unemployed youths in their community. ANO, referring to Naxal’s ‘Strategy and Tactics of Indian Revolution’, underlined the rebels’ ultimate goal of destroying country’s existing political, economic and cultural fabric to replace with system embodying their ideology.

The ANO alert, a copy of which is in possession of TOI, states that Naxalites are aiming at rebuilding their strengths and form bases across cities like their jungle strongholds following the setbacks they suffered in the recent times from the aggressive operations of the central and state forces. The Naxalites have expressed concern over their receding manpower owing to recruitment crunch and government strategies.

The Naxalites, in their ninth unity congress, have urged their cadres to use the Dalit base to boost the movement across country in order to achieve their party’s ultimate goal – to overthrow central government. The ANO alert quotes several decisions undertaken at the rebels’ secret conference held at Abujmarh in 2007. The Naxal strategists have urged their cadres to exploit the incidents of atrocities on Dalits to fuel sentiments using it as a trigger to form frontal organizations at various levels of the society, ANO has alerted police units.

The director of the Maharashtra Police Academy at Nashik and principals of Regional Police Training Schools (RPTS) of Marol in Mumbai, Khandala, Nanviz, Solapur, Jalna, Akola and Nagpur too have been alerted by ANO. ANO stressed on the fact that Naxalites have started seeking various avenues to rope in displeased segment of the Dalits especially their educated-but-unemployed youths from cities and suburbs.

The Naxal strategists have also asked their cadres to induct supporters from across the society to agitate on the issues of Dalit exploitations. The alert message, which includes names of several Naxalites over ground cadres including ones from Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune and other places, highlighted how the rebels are planning to exploit the sacrifices of likes of Bhagat Singh, philosophies of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar and such personalities to attract the sentiments of the youths.

ANO has cited several instances of the past where frontal organizations have tried to provoke the Dalits by highlighting the atrocities on Dalits in the incidents like that of Khairlanji killings in Bhandara district, firing at Mumbai’s Ramabai Ambedkar slum and such places by distributing inflammatory literature, delivering speeches and making such propaganda through documentary films and cultural programmes. ANO has urged the police units across the state to send its feedback on the programmes organized by such frontal organizations involving labour union, youth organizations, rights bodies comprising literary persons, journalists, advocates and such intellectual groups pro-actively spreading Naxal ideology.

Security up in Bihar after Maoist attack warnings

Security has been tightened in prisons and police stations in Bihar following intelligence reports that Maoists could target them, police said Tuesday. “After intelligence agencies alerted us that Maoists are likely to attack these places in their strongholds, their security has been tightened,” Additional Director General of Police Ravinder Kumar said. According to police, the likely targets could be prisons in Patna, Muzaffarpur and Bhagalpur districts.

Dozens of Maoists, including senior leaders, are lodged in Patna’s Beur Jail and in the central jails in Bhagalpur and Muzaffarpur. “Maoists may target these prisons to free their members,” said a police official. Similarly, all police stations located near jails have also been put on high alert after intelligence reports cited the alleged attack plans of the outlawed Communist Party of India-Maoist.


Maoists raid construction firm camp in Laxmipur

They torch an excavator and a tipper at the campsite

Maoists raided worksite camp of a construction firm involved in road construction in Laxmipur area in Koraput district and torched two vehicles on Sunday night. The construction firm was involved in construction of road under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). Its worksite camp was located near Karligaon under Laxmipur police station limits. The road this firm was constructing would connect Karligaon with the Rayagada-Laxmipur main road.

The Maoists torched an excavator and a tipper that were parked at the campsite. But according to sources they did not harm any one there. Following the incident intense combing operation has been launched in the area to track down the Maoists involved in the incident. It was suspected to be handwork of ultras of Koraput-Srikakulam division of CPI (Maoist). Recently Maoists have started targeting soft targets like campsites of construction firms in remote areas as well passenger buses travelling to Maoist-hit areas.

On December 20 night, a group of armed Maoists had torched three vehicles of a private construction firm near Sunabali village under Muniguda police station limits in Rayagada district. The vehicles that were burnt down included two tractors and an excavator. The construction firm was involved in construction of a road near Niyamgiri hills. In the past, Maoists have opposed construction of roads in remote areas inhabited by them.

They allege that these roads are meant for increasing penetration of anti-Maoist operations rather than benefiting the inhabitants living in remote areas. But according to police sources, Maoists mostly resort to such activity with the motive of extortion and to create panic among people living in the area. It is Maoists to resort to such acts of violence as these campsites of construction firms are located in extreme remote areas without any security.

Apart from it, the Maoists have in recent past torched two passenger buses in Malkangiri district Though they did not harm any passenger yet these acts of arson seemed to be aimed at terrorising the inhabitants living in remote areas as well as the transport operators plying buses to Maoist-hit areas. On December 12, Maoists torched a private passenger bus near Bhejangwada in Malkangiri district.. Another passenger bus had been torched by them near Telarai square on Motu-Kalimela road in Malkangiri district on Dec 11. The reason provided by the ultras for the burning of two passenger buses in Malkangiri district in the recent past was that these buses used to transport food materials to the BSF camps.

Maoists set three vehicles on fire

KORAPUT: After almost a year, Maoists struck in Rayagada district by raiding a camp of a construction company and setting fire to three vehicles used in road work on Friday night. The last Red offensive in the district was reported on December 27, 2012 when a SOG jawan was injured in a landmine blast triggered by Maoists near Parsali village under Kalyansinghpur police limits. In the latest incident, sources said, a group of 20 armed Maoists, including three women cadres, swooped down on the worksite camp of a contractor near Pajibali village under Muniguda police limits around 9 pm and set at least two tractors and one JVC vehicle ablaze.

The vehicles were used in road construction under PMGSY from Panimunda to Patraguda Chowk situated on the foothills of Niyamgiri hills. “The Maoists took away our cellphones and asked for diesel. They took the supervisor few metres away from the camp. Before leaving the area, they handed over our cellphones to the supervisor. They did not assault any labourer in the camp,” said one of the labourer. Handwritten Maoist letters spotted at the crime spot reveal that Maoists were opposed to road construction work believing that it could be used by Vedanta Alumina Limited to transport bauxite.

Also, rebels through the letters have demanded equal wages of Rs 200 a day for both male and female labourers and less use of machines in construction work. SP (Rayagada) Rajesh Pandit, who rushed to the crime spot in the wee hours of Saturday, took stock of the situation. He said, “The Niyamgiri-Kashipur division of Maoists led by rebel leader Indu executed the offensive. From preliminary inquiry, it is found that there were around four to five armed cadres in the group supported by their local militia members.” Police said as Maoists are on the backfoot due to anti-Maoist operations in the district, the rebels are now executing crimes to terrorize people. “Our counter-insurgency operations have given a jolt to the Maoist organization. On September 11, a woman Maoist leader was killed in an encounter near Kadrakabandili forest. Cops had killed three Maoists in Kashipur-Doragada area on July 19,” the SP added.



India: Desperate Struggle In Andhra Pradesh – Analysis

After steadily losing ground since 2006, the presence of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) in Andhra Pradesh had been reduced to a mere shadow of its past. Nevertheless, it had managed to maintain the shadow. In 2013, however, there were signs that Maoists are desperate to come back into the light. In the night of December 5, 2013, members of the CPI-Maoist’s Galikonda area committee descended on the Panasalabanda village in G.K.Veedhi mandal (administrative unit) in Visakhapatnam District at around 10:30 pm, woke up a former president of the Vana Samrakshana Samiti (Forest Conservation Committee), Gemmeli Chinna Rao, took him to the nearby Sapparla village, where he was brought before a Praja Court (People’s Court, euphemism for a Kangaroo court). He was awarded the ‘death penalty’ and executed immediately. His family was told to leave the village. Some pamphlets were left beside his body claiming he had been harassing local villagers and denying them benefits of various Government schemes.

According to partial data compiled by the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP), the Maoists have killed at least 10 civilians in 2013, as against six in 2012. Two Maoists have been killed in the year, as against three in 2012. As a whole, the State has witnessed 13 Maoist-related fatalities in 2013 – 10 civilians, one Security Force (SF) trooper and two Maoists – till December 15. There were 10 fatalities in 2012 – six civilians, one Security Force (SF) trooper and two Maoists.

In terms of spatial distribution, fatalities in 2013 have been reported from four Districts – Vishakhapatnam (six civilians and one Maoist), Khammam (three civilian and one Policeman) Karimnagar (one civilian) and Nellor (one Maoist). In 2012, fatalities were reported from three districts – Vishakhapatnam (one civilian, one policeman and two Maoists), Khammam (four civilians and one Maoist) and Karimnagar (one civilian). The Maoists engineered one major (three or more fatalities) incident in 2013, killing three tribals in the Lakkavaram forest area in G.K. Veedhi mandal of Visakhapatnam District on February 19. There were no major incidents in 2012 and 2011.

More significantly, Maoists organised at least four Praja courts in 2013, all in Visakhapatnam District, as against just one in 2012. Similarly, Maoists conducted one swarming attack (involving 50 or more cadres/militia members) in 2013 while there was none in 2012. Maoists also gave boycott call to the Panchayat (local bodies) elections that were held in three phases in July and tried to disrupt the process. They prevented candidates from filling nominations in 11 panchayats and forced candidates to withdraw nominations in three panchayats. They also snatched nomination papers in six panchayats.

However, other categories of Maoist violence have witnessed a marginal decline. The Maoists were involved in at least three exchange of fire, one blast, one incident of arson, four cases of assault and gave call for bandh (general shutdown strikes) on three occasions in 2013, while in 2012 they were involved in five exchange of fire, one abduction, three blasts, five incidents of arson, one case of assault and six bandh calls.

Decline in these kind of violence and increase in other kinds indicate that with a depleted strength the Maoists are using their resources selectively to punch higher than their current strength. In terms of overall activities, the Maoist activities appear to have been substantially confined to Visakhapatnam and Khammam Districts, while Karimnagar, Warangal Srikakulam, Nalgonda, Mahabubnagar, East and West Godavari Districts remained marginally affected. The number of arrests and surrenders witnessed a decline. According to SATP data, while a total of 65 Maoists were arrested in Andhra Pradesh in 2013, the number was 99 in 2012.

Likewise, the number of surrenders fell to 67 in 2013, against 244 in 2012. The Andhra Police’s biggest success in the year was the arrest of Central Committee member Anukul Chandra Naskar alias Goer Chandra Naskar alias Pareshji, in southern Assam’s Cachar District, in a joint operation with Assam Police, on May 8, 2013. Another significant catch was Sudarshan alias Srinivas, a member of the Andhra Orissa Border Special Zonal Committee (AOBSZC), who was wanted in connection with several cases, including the killing of the State’s former Home Minister A. Madhava Reddy. Sudarshan carried a reward of INR 2 million on his head.

He was arrested on March 23, 2013, from an undisclosed location near Wyra town in Khammam District. Other significant arrests include Marpu Venkataramana alias Jagadish, a State Committee member of the AOBSZC carrying reward money of INR 2 million and Pusa Sivanarayana, in-charge of the Central Committee protection platoon carrying reward money of INR 300,000. The significant surrenders include: Dasaram Srinivas alias JNM Vishwanath ‘deputy commander’ of Malkangiri Division Committee of AOBSZC, (reward money INR 800,000), Sripathi Laxmi, Kalimela ‘area committee member’ in Malkangiri District of Odisha (reward money INR 500,000), Shanigarapu Uma alias Anitha, wife of Gajerla Ashok alias Janardhan, who is the in-charge of ‘military wing’ in Gadchiroli Division (reward money INR 500,000), Korra Sattibabu alias Sathish, an area committee member (reward money INR 400,000) and Arun, who worked for past nine years with Special Guerilla Squad of Maoists, which is also considered to the rank of Area Committee Member (reward money INR 400,000).

The most important development which could have a bearing on the future course of the Maoist insurrection in Andhra Pradesh is, however, the Centre’s declaration of the decision to bifurcate the State and create a new State of Telangana. The issue has created tremendous tension with many Andhra Pradesh leaders opposing the move. Significantly, the Maoists have long seen the agitation for a separate Telangana as an opportunity to engineer their own revival in what were once their heartland areas in the Telangana region. Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy has argued that the majority of the top Maoist leadership hails from Andhra Pradesh, and particularly Telangana.

Giving details of the Maoist leadership during a press conference held at Andhra Pradesh Bhavan in New Delhi on November 18 he said, ‘Of the 11 Central Committee leaders, nine are from Telangana, while two are from Andhra region; at the next rung [of leadership] of 18 members,15 are from Andhra Pradesh of which 14 are Telanganites and one is from Andhra [region]. The entire Andhra-Orissa border is controlled by nine Maoist leaders, of which three are from Telangana, four from Coastal Andhra and two from Rayalaseema Rayalaseema – and hence the Maoists are likely to make a comeback if separate Telangana is created’.

However, according to SATP data, out of the 39 Central Committee members (which include Politbureau members) of the CPI-Maoist, 14 have been arrested, three killed, one died of malaria and one surrendered while nothing much is known about the status of the rest 20 members. Any administrative infirmity or political disorders in the existing or bifurcated States would certainly allow the Maoists to recover some ground – even if the gains are transient. Earlier, the Srikrishna Commission had argued strongly that the Maoists were likely to piggy-back on the Telangana movement to attempt a revival in Andhra Pradesh.

The Andhra Pradesh Police, however, rejects this possibility. An internal report presented at the annual Chief Ministers’ Conference on Left Wing Extremism (LWE) in Delhi in July 2012 claimed, “In all, there are 340 (Maoist) underground workers from Andhra Pradesh, of them 140 are active on the border,” while intense combing operations had pushed the remaining 200 into Chhattisgarh. Police officers assert that the cadre numbers in the State have not changed since. A senior AP Police officer stated, “We have a well-entrenched intelligence network and we reached the 140-figure after doing a headcount. All these people have been identified, we have their names and details.”

There are eight Districts in undivided Andhra Pradesh affected by the LWE problem. While four of these — Adilabad, Karimnagar, Warangal and Khammam — fall in the Telangana region, Srikakulam, Vijaynagram, Visakhapatnam Rural and East Godavari are in the Andhra region. While the division of the State, per se, may not have much of a bearing on the trajectory of the Maoist movement, the distribution of assets could result in some difficulties.

If the fine coordination between the SIB and Greyhounds is disturbed, things can go wrong. Given the weakness of the CPI-Maoist at this juncture – on their own assessment, the movement is in a “critical condition” – it is unlikely that the Maoists would be able to exploit the opportunity that the creation of a separate Telangana may offer. Nevertheless, the Maoists have displayed tremendous resilience over the decades, recovering repeatedly from what have appeared to be terminal reverses. While the capabilities and confidence of the Andhra Pradesh Police are reassuring, the potential for political mischief has often been demonstrated in the past.

MPA cadres pay gun salute on their 22nd raising day

Maoists are getting training and funds from North-East militants, security services warn

A growing nexus between the Maoists and insurgent groups in the North-East has alarmed intelligence agencies. New intelligence inputs indicate that the Red rebels have the full support of insurgents and are being provided with a safe haven in their strongholds in the North-East. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has been alerted about the deadly collaboration, which could strengthen the Maoist movement. According to the new inputs, North-Eastern insurgent groups are also holding training camps that are attended by the Maoists. In addition to this, the insurgents are supplying the Red movement with arms, ammunition and funding.

While the Maoists have formed a base in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, two groups from Manipur – the North East Revolution People’s Front and the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) – have forged strong links with the Maoists. The Upper Assam Leading Committee, affiliated to the Communist Party of India (Maoist), is operating in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, and has been involved in the looting of weapons and extortion from local villagers. “The Assam-Arunachal border has emerged as another theatre of Maoist activity. The outfit is also establishing separate channels in the North-East, particularly in Nagaland for procurement of ammunition,” Minister of State for Home Affairs RPN Singh said. His comments came while answering a question at the recently-concluded Winter Session of Parliament. Sources say the relevant state governments have been informed.

The home ministry has also recently informed the Supreme Court about various insurgent groups extending support to the Maoists. A home ministry affidavit filed in the SC said as part of their strategy the Maoists are forming a “rainbow coalition of various insurgent groups in India so as to launch a united front attack against the existing state machinery.” Although the affidavit did not name any particular organisation that has struck a deal with the Maoists, sources say there is an understanding with all insurgent groups from the North-East to J&K with some groups in the N-E working closely with them.

Sources say intelligence inputs also indicate that the Maoists are also getting assistance from across the border. Some groups in Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh are extending support to them. “Groups in the North-East have been getting support from terror groups from the neighbouring countries. With the Maoists working closely with the N-E insurgent groups, now they too have made contacts outside the country,” an official said.

IG Purohit to oversee anti-Maoist operations

KOZHIKODE: Kannur range IG Suresh Raj Purohit will oversee the anti-Maoist operations in the state. While Purohit will do the overall monitoring, Pathanamthitta distict police chief Putta Vimaladitya will lead the anti-terror squad on the ground. Vimaladitya has been posted as the district police chief in Malappuram, where Maoist activities have been on the rise in the past few months.

Suspected Maoists abduct seven people in Deoghar

Seven people working in a private construction company were abducted by suspected Maoist guerrillas in Jharkhand’s Deoghar district, police said on Monday. According to police, around 10 to 15 people carrying weapons raided the company camp site near Badania village of the district, around 350 km from the state capital Ranchi and abducted the workers late Sunday night. The guerrillas abducted three night guards, one driver and three helpers and headed towards Bihar.

Maoists look for cops in public buses

KORAPUT: Maoists on Thursday stopped three passenger buses in Malkangiri district to check whether security personnel were travelling in them. The rebels then allowed the vehicles to pass as they found no securityman inside. The Maoists waylaid the buses between 6 am and 8 am near Telrai Chhak under Kalimela police limits. “They were under the impression that police were travelling in the buses and carrying equipment for establishing camps in Maoist-hit areas,” said a source at Kalimela.

Centre rejects State’s plea on Maoist-hit dists

GUWAHATI, Dec 21 – The Government of India has turned down the Assam Government’s proposal for declaring two districts of the State as affected by Left Wing extremism as the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is of the view that the situation at this moment does not warrant such a declaration. Highly placed sources in the MHA told The Assam Tribune that the Assam Government has sent a proposal to declare two districts – Tinsukia and Dibrugarh – as the districts affected by Left Wing extremism. Though according to information available, the Maoists have managed to make some inroads in the Sadiya area of Tinsukia district, the situation does not warrant declaration of the two districts as Left Wing extremism-affected.

Sources said that the Government of India has adopted a two pronged strategy to deal with the activists of the Maoist militant groups and in addition to launching operations against the rebels, steps have also been taken to ensure development of the affected and backward areas by pumping in additional funds. MHA sources said that as per the new scheme of the Government, the districts declared as Left Wing extremism affected are provided special funds for development.

The money is released directly to the concerned districts and a committee comprising the District Collector or Deputy Commissioner, Superintendent of Police and the Forest Officer of the district is responsible for taking up development schemes in the district as per the requirements. Sources revealed that the MHA clears the proposals for declaration of districts as Left Wing extremism affected and forwards it to the Planning Commission for direct funding to the districts. So far, 87 districts of the country have been declared as Left Wing extremism affected and the districts are receiving the special funds from the Government of India.

The MHA looks into several criteria for declaring a district as Left Wing extremism affected and the level of violence is one of the main criteria. As the Maoist militants are yet to indulge in any major act of violence in Assam, the proposal of the State Government has been turned down. Moreover, Assam has been receiving reimbursement of the security related expenditure from the Centre for launching counter insurgency operations, sources added.

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