Joint Statement on the Acquittal of the Convicts of Laxmanpur Bathe Dalit massacre for endorsement


We the undersigned are extremely distressed and outraged by the Patna High Court judgement on the 9th of October acquitting the murderers of the infamous and shocking Laxmanpur Bathe Dalit masacre in the Arwal district of Bihar.  In the year 1997, Ranveer Sena, a dreaded upper caste feudal private army of mostly Bhumihar and Rajput landlords descended on the dalit tola of Laxmanpur bathe in the broad daylight and masacred 58 dalits, which includes 27 women and 10 children. The cruelity and bestiality of the upper caste vigitante attack of the Ranajir Sena was such that it didn’t spare even 3 year old children.

Atrocities on the dalits, sexual violence and exploitation of dalit women, including genocides and day to day humiliation that the dalits have been going on since centuries.  From the time when this shameful graded inequality, brahmanical social order came into existence, which is India specific caste-feudalism; after the transfer of power by the colonial masters to their desi compradors in India, the ruling classes of India had betrayed its so called social contract with the Indian people which it had promised after taking over the reins of state power from their imperial masters.

From the Nehruvian era, Kilvemani, Tsunduru, Permakudi, Khairlanji and Karamachedu to Bathanitola is the bleeding post colonial history of caste violence and genocides on dalits in this country. which aspires to become a superpower, boasts of being the largest democracy, liberal rights discourse, being its legitimising ideology which Indian state has inscribed in its constitution.  All those various rights enshrined in the Indian constitution is turned into a sick joke every moment. Indian liberalism is the most despicable fraudulence which the Indian ruling elites have done to their toiling subaltern masses.

Throusands of fake encounters, custodial deaths and tortures, genocides and mass gang rapes of oppressed nationalities, minorities, dalits, adivasis, ethnic minorities and other marginal groups of the Indian caste Hindu society. Indian state has made made mockery of the very term of liberalism. The day to day caste violence and acquital of armed, feudal, vigilante private armies clearly proves that Indian state is a upper caste Hindu fascist state.

From police to judiciary, Indian state stinks of extreme caste prejudices towards oppressed nationalities,religeous minorities, dalits, sexual,linguistic, ethnic and other marginal groups. The district and sessions court of Patna in its judgement against Laxmanpurbathe masacre had convicted 26 armed goons of Ranveer Sena. The district sessions court had pronomunecd death sentence for 16 Ranavir sena members and life sentence for 10 other members in 2010.  The court had acquited 19 accused for lack of evience. The then district and sessions judge in Patna in his judgement had remarked about the masacre that ‘the Laxmanpur Bathe Dalit masacre was a stigma on civil society.’ we are horified by the casteist nature of the Indian judiciary which is yet to have a proper representation of dalit judges.

The casteist mindset of the judiciary has been evident right from the transfer of power to the desi elites in 1947. In the infamous Kilvemani massacre judgement in Tamilnadu, the trial judge had noted about the murderer landlord that “the person of his social status will not indulge in such acts”. In the Bhanwri Devi gang-rape judgement in Rajasthan, the judges had noted “how can upper-caste men rape lower caste women”. This clearly indicates the anti dalit, upper caste, brahminical mindset of the Indian judiciary. In the Laxmanpur bathe acquittal judgement, the Patna High Court had noted that ‘we are of the view that the prosecution witnesses are not reliable and so all the convicted persons are entitled for benefit of doubt.’ So all accused were set free. This clearly indicates the insidious casteist nexus of upper caste landlords, police and bureaucracy and judiciary.

This same casteist Patna high court last year had acquitted the Ranajir Sena butchers of Bathanitola in which 21 Dalits were killed. Apart from that, the casteist judiciary of Bihar have acquitted the upper caste private armies in Miyapur, narayanpur, Khagdibigha and nagribazar dalit masacres. Successive judgements in cases relating to massacres/killings of dalits/minorities/poorer sections of the people, acquitting the accused and conspirators and at the same time awarding stricter punishments to even unrelated people of dalits/minorities/poorer sections in cases involving powerful is a matter of grave concern. One has to see the cycle of violence and counter violence in Central Bihar, the context of the class struggle which is being raged by the revolutionary peasant resistance movements against the upper caste feudal lords in central bihar.

Decadent feudalism in its death bed becomes most obscene and perverse; so it perpetrates the most sadistic and brutal violence and masacres on the toiling dalit men and women. The post-colonial India has seen more than 100 dalit massacres in Bihar itself. To counter the demand for land and dignity by the underdog who were organised by the communist revolutionaries. The violence that engulfed the flaming fields of central Bihar is the result of the sharpening contradictions between the archaic, medieval and extremely exploitative agrarian relations. Which results in carnage and sexual violence on dalit women. The most horrifying examples of these gruesome massacres and medieval barbarism are: Belchi, Pipra, Parasbigha, Tiskhora, Laxmanpur bathe, Bathanitola, Miyanpur, Nagri Bazar, and so on. The list is endless.

The above violence must be seen in the context of the struggle of dalits for land, dignity and against sexual violence on dalit women. This is a direct result of the complete failure of Indian state of implement radical land reforms and ensure the dignity of the dalits. The conflict in Laxmanpur bathe was about the dalits’ rightful ownership of the government land, i.e., 50 bighas of gair mazaura land for which the dalits were entitled and the upper caste landlords wanted to forcibly usurp. The upper caste landlords raised dreaded private armies like Ranveer Sena, lorik sena, bhumi sena, bramarshi sena, sunlight sena, diamond liberation front, savarn liberation front, brhamarshi sena etc. These decadent feudal vigilante armies have masacred more than 1 thousand dalit men, women and children. Thanks to the heroic revoultionary peasant resistance momement central bihar all these private armies were forced to surrender. Therefore, history has proved that only the underdog when it gets organised and hits back can only break its chains. recently there was a gang-rape and murder of a dalit girl student in jind, Haryana where the police in connaivance with the upper caste rapists proved it to be a suicide and there was no rape.

Around a month after that another dalit girl student in sirsa, haryana was gangraped by upper caste lumpen youths, her unconscious body was found in the next morning. the police refused to file the rape FIR under the pressure of the upper caste. we are firmly convinced that the dalits are not going to get any justice from the upper caste hindu indian state apparatus. therefore we appeal to our dalit brothers and sisters to get organised and hit back at the perpetrators. we appeal to the radical left forces, the radical Ambedkarites, the democratic right movement, and the womens movement to form a principled joint forum against atrocities and masacres on dalits and sexual violence on dalit women. We condemn the blatant anti dalit upper caste brahminical judgement of the Patna High Court. We urge the radicl left forces, the womens’ movement, the dalit movement and the democratic right movement to join hands to fight a decisive street battle against the decadent feudal upper caste brahminical patriarchal and communal fascist forces in India.

Saheli – Delhi Students for Resistance

Prof. Uma Chakrabarty – Women against State Repression and Sexual Violence (WSS)

Anand Teltumbde – CPDR, Membai

Subhash gatade convenor new socialist initiative

Sharad Gaikward President Replubican Panthers Marashtra

Amidyuti kumar APDR KOLKATA

B.Sreenivas rao president pop andhra pradesh

prof Chaman lal ex professor jnu

Vir bharat talwar professor jnu

Anita bharti dalit feminist activist and editor streekal a dalit feminist journal

Gail omvet dalit movement theorist and activist

Bharat patankar dalit movement theorist and activist

katyani eminent marxist feminist poetess

Gabriel Detrich feminist thinker and member penura mayi iyakkam an autonomous progressive womens group madurai

Maya john centre for struggling women delhi

Hargopal eminent political theorist hyderabad

prof Manoranjan mohanty politcal thinker and democratic rights activist delhi

prof G.N Saibaba professor english delhi university

Nivedita Menon feminist thinker and professor jnu

Aditya nigam CSDS DELHI

Pothik Ghosh radical notes delhi

Alok krantikari yuva sanghathan KYS delhi

Soma marik Radical socialist kolkata

Kunal chatopadhyay Radical socialist kolkata

Amar singh gen secratary delhi university colleges staff union and president sc welfare association du

VS Roy david natinal adivasi alliance

Subhrodeep chakraborty film maker delhi 

meera chakraborty film maker delhi


Neelima Sharma nishant natya manch delhi


Brahmprakash JANRANG JNU





Vira Sathidar – Editor, Virodhi, Maharashtra

Kiran Shaheen – Women for Water Democracy, Delhi

Swati Birla – Sanhati, Mumbai

Anil Chamadia – Journalist, Delhi

Bhasha Singh – Journalist, Delhi

Satyam verma journalist delhi

Nayan Jyoti – Kranti Kari Navjawan Sabha (KNS)

Piyushraj AISA JNU

Siddhi NOWROZ and student jnu

Snehil manohar singh student jnu

Ram Puniyani all india secular forum

Shidharth Mitra SANHATI

Akbar Choudhury – President, JNU Students Union (JNUSU)

Chinmaya – United Dalit Students Federation (UDSFJNU)

Anand Krishan Raj – The Newmaterialists JNU

Abhay Kumar, Concerned Students JNU

Kavery Rajaraman – Sanhati, Bangalore

Kamayanibali Mahabal – Lawyer Feminist Activist, Mumbai

Vivek Sundara – Human Rights Activist, Mumbai

P.K.Sundaram – Research Scholar, JNU

Asit Das – Contributing Editor, India

Anshitan KNS JNU

Subhasini KNS DELHI

Meghna Arora KNS DELHI

Omprasad research scholar jnu

Badre alam research scholar delhi university

Meena Menon activist mumbai

Ayushi student tiss mumbai

Usman – Research Scholar, JNU

Nitin Kumar – Student , Indian Institute of Mass Communications, Delhi

Hadi Sarmadi – BAHROOP, Progressive Theatre Group, JNU

Ramashankar Yadav Vidrohi – Radical Left Balladeer and Poet, JNU

Mayur Chettia – Research Scholar, JNU

Archana – Research Scholar, JNU

Dinesh Kumar – NSYOF, JNU

Anuradha Pandey – Research Scholar, JNU

Ashish Kumar – Research Scholar, JNU

Imran – Radical Left Activist, Delhi

Vikram – Student, Centre for Russian Studies, JNU

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