(March 1972, corrected and reprinted in May 1972, corrected and reprinted in March 1974)
People of East Bengal had struggled against the political, economic, cultural and religious oppression of the British colonial bandits, their dependent reactionary Jamindars-Jotedars [Jaminder is big feudal land lord, Jotedar is small feudal land lord – Translator], capitalists and intellectuals, and they joined Pakistan to get rid of the exploitation and oppression. The Pakistani military fascists, other than letting national development of people of East Bengal go on freely, made East Bengal a field of exploitation and plunder, and made her the colony. For national liberation, people of East Bengal carried great struggle against that colonial exploitation and plunder, and tens of thousands of people sacrificed their life in that struggle.
The proletarian class could not assume leadership in that great struggle of people of East Bengal, because of the betrayal of East Bengal Liu Chao Chi-Kruschev Huq-Toha, Nambodripad-Jyoti Bose Deben-Bashar, Kaji-Rono and Trotsky-Che Motin-Alauddin etc different forms of revisionists. All those betrayed with the proletarian class and people of East Bengal. As a result, Awami League, the organization of East Bengal bureaucratic bourgeoisie, feudalist and intellectuals took leadership of national struggle of East Bengal. They misguided that struggle. First they guided people towards the black path of parliamentary election. When that path proved bankrupt, they guided people towards the wrong path of non-cooperation.
When Pak military fascists jumped over people, that path also proved bankrupt. People waged armed rebellion. In some places, they led that sporadic rebellion, but that also failed. At last Awami League fled to India keeping people in helpless condition. In greed for power, Mir Jafar brought British bandits and handed over Bengal-Bihar-Orissa to them. That history repeated in changed situation of 1971. In greed for power, representative of reactionary bureaucratic bourgeoisie, intellectuals and feudalists, the Awami League and Moni Singh-Mozaffar traitor clique, being failed to liberate East Bengal depending on their own strength, betrayed with the national interest of seventy five million people, sold East Bengal to Indian expansionism by suppressing the dignity of Bengali nation under their feet, and invited them (Indian expansionists) to overthrow the Pak military fascists.
The Indian expansionists took that opportunity with the help and support of Soviet social imperialism. In order to capture East Bengal, they formed Bangladesh puppet government and established it as their stooge, formed their lackey liberation force under the control of their army to use it as the food for their artillery, and sent them to East Bengal to carry sabotage activities. At last they attacked Pakistan, captured East Bengal by their armed aggressor force and established puppet government by the Awami League betrayers. Thus, East Bengal became a colony of India, and East Bengal people got chained in subservience of Indian expansionism.
The blood of tens of thousands of patriotic people of East Bengal went in vain. The reactionary bureaucratic bourgeoisie, intellectuals and feudalists inside Awami League, its led liberation force and other organizations, the so called communist named Moni Singh-Mozaffar revisionist bourgeoisie with its led organizations are protecting the interest of six mountains, the Soviet social imperialism, US led imperialism, Indian bureaucratic capitalism, feudalism, East Bengal bureaucratic bourgeoisie, feudalism, and they are lackeys of those six mountains.Bangladesh puppet government is protecting the interest of those six mountains. The Deben-Bashar Kaji-Rono Jyoti Bose-Nambudripad faction became stooge of six mountain’s lackeys, and is serving the six mountains.
One aim of the Indian expansionists to establish colony in East Bengal is to establish control and carry loot in all sphere of East Bengal including jute, tea, leather, other raw materials, fish, meat, eggs, rice, vegetables and other food materials, market of seventy five million people, cheap labor power, trade and business, industries, gas, electricity, natural resources, education, culture, administrative system, defense; and lessen the economic and political crisis of India.
Another aim of the Indian expansionists to establish colony in East Bengal is to destroy the struggle of Indian workers and peasants, liberation struggle of Naga-Mijo, Kashmiris, and dominate in Indian Ocean and South Asia. The Soviet social imperialists have supported Indian expansionism with view to strengthen their domination over India, take toll in looting East Bengal, dominate in Indian Ocean, contend with US imperialism in Asia and resist China and Communism.
Indian expansionists have started ruthless exploitation and plunder. In order to strengthen that exploitation and plunder, they have developed communication system in border area. Fish, meat, eggs, vegetables, rice and other foods are daily being transported to India through trucks, trains and ships. Indian citizens are coming from Kolkata to border towns of East Bengal for marketing. Thus, Indian expansionists are looting food materials of East Bengal.
The Indian expansionists, during the time of seizure of East Bengal looted hundreds of mounds of jute, tea, leather and industrial raw materials. The Bangladesh puppet government withdrew the ban on India to buy raw materials especially jute. Consequently, Indian businessmen are getting opportunity to freely buy industrial raw materials of East Bengal, especially jute, and export to foreign countries. Thus, Indian control and appropriation over raw materials of East Bengal, especially jute has been established, and the competition of East Bengal jute with India in international market ended. East Bengal people have been deprived from foreign currency worth tens of millions of Taka.
Indian expansionists are smuggling lots of whole industries, machineries and parts of machineries of East Bengal to India. Also they are smuggling numerous vehicles, gold, and silver of East Bengal and foreign goods of East Bengal market. As a result, it is not being possible to start running many industries and factories in full or part of its production capacity. They are taking electricity and gas of East Bengal to use in Indian industries. The aim of all those is to destroy industries and factories of East Bengal, obstruct its development; ensure that the industries of East Bengal may not be able to compete with that of India.
Their, another aim is to make industries of East Bengal dependent on India. With that objective, they are trying to start running industries of border areas of East Bengal by making those dependent on Indian electricity, oil, raw materials etc. Markets are full of Indian commodities. Those commodities are low grade but high priced. People of East Bengal are being compelled to buy those. Thus, Indian expansionists are taking over the market of seventy five million people of East Bengal, and exploiting tens of millions of Taka profit.
As a result of big process of importing commodities from India, sell those in market, collecting goods from within East Bengal and exporting those to India, the whole business and trade of East Bengal became dependent on India and going under Indian control. Indian expansionists took arms and other materials of surrendered Pak military fascists worth billions of Taka to India by depriving people of East Bengal from their just belonging arms and other materials.
Indian companies are getting the big works of reconstruction of East Bengal. Consequently, the institutions of East Bengal are being deprived. Indian cinema, literature, art, textbook is capturing markets of East Bengal and as a result the institutions of East Bengal engaged in those spheres are falling in serious crisis. They are trying to capture market of East Bengal by national capitulationist literature and culture of Rabindranath, the representative of reactionary intellectuals dependent on British colonialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism, and by Indian expansionist reactionary culture and literature so that public opinion may be created in favor of their exploitation and plunder; and development of national democratic literature and culture many be hindered and they may get financial profit.
Indian expansionists, by the puppet government of Bangladesh, devaluated the currency and through free running of Indian currency, have made currency of East Bengal dependent to that of India and in this way are gaining big profit. Disguised as joint work, advisor, supervisor, aid etc, they are controlling government, semi government and autonomous institutions of East Bengal by employing additional employees and unemployed youths, and are transforming those as institutions under relevant Indian department. Indian expansionists are sending Indian citizens, armed goons of youth Congress and spies to Bangladesh disguised as refugee.
They, by infiltrating their agents inside Students League (Student wing of Awami League – Translator), liberation force, Mujiv force (A counterrevolutionary private armed force – Translator), East Bengal Regiment (Bangladesh Army – Translator), Police and are controlling those. Through their puppet government, they are cutting employment of patriotic employees in the excuse that they didn’t go to India. They are exhausting patriotic businessmen, industrialists, litterateur, artists and different professionals and depriving them from their opportunity of leading their life and livelihood. They are giving employment and other opportunities to those former lackeys of Pak military fascists who want to be lackeys of India.
In the past, the Pak military fascists, through the reactionaries inside Urdu speaking (ethnicities migrated from India – Translator) were cheating Urdu speaking people, motivated a section of them and carried suppression over Bengali people. In the same way, the Indian expansionists too, by depending on the reactionary section and evil elements of Hindu Jaminders-Jotedars, capitalists and intellectuals, are cheating general Hindu people, destroying the unity of Hindu and Muslim people of East Bengal, and are hatching conspiracy to carry exploitation and plunder over one section of people by motivating another.
In some places of East Bengal, the Indian expansionist lackey reactionary section and bad elements of Hindu Jaminders-Jotedar, capitalists and intellectuals are showing dishonor to cultures and customs of majority Muslim people, and forcefully capturing the properties that they had sold to them (Muslim people). Thus, religious inequality and in some places, conspiracy of religious oppression over Muslim people is going on in East Bengal.
The US imperialist led imperialism and its lackey section inside East Bengal Muslim reactionary Jaminders-Jotedars, capitalists and intellectuals (PDP, Jamat, Muslim League and a section of Awami League), by taking the opportunity of that religious oppression, are hatching conspiracy to make riot communal clash against Hindu common patriotic people and with the help of that, are conspiring to make East Bengal a colony of US. The demand of so called Muslim Bengal is manifestation of that conspiracy.
In pre 1947 period, the revisionist communist party of India didn’t oppose religious oppression which is a form of class oppression. As a result, the Muslim people of East Bengal, because of political, economic especially religious oppression by the British colonial bandits and their dependent Hindu reactionary Jaminders-Jotedars, capitalists and intellectuals, supported the Pakistan demand of pro imperialist Muslim feudalists, bourgeoisie and intellectuals, and joined Pakistan. Consequently, the conspiracy of British bandits to divide Indo-Pak sub continent and carry exploitation and plunder through their supporters became successful.
At present too, if people of East Bengal doesn’t oppose the religious oppression by the Indian expansionists and their lackeys and the US led imperialists’ conspiracy to make riot by taking that opportunity, then the possibility of riot and establishing of colony in East Bengal by the imperialists will strengthen. Like in the past, at present too, different forms of revisionist traitors, by being silent on that question, are helping the communal and colonial conspiracy of the Indian expansionists and US led imperialists.
Indian expansionists are propagating that their aggressor troops returned back to India because their mission has been completed. Their mission was to establish colony in East Bengal and make their stooge six mountains’ lackeys assume in power. As their lackey force East Bengal regiment ( Bangladesh Army – Translator), Raxi Bahini ( A notorious genocidal counter revolutionary paramilitary armed force specially created and trained to suppress the Maoists – Translator) and Police are enough strong to protect their interest, it has been unnecessary to keep a lot of Indian troops. They want to carry exploitation and plunder through suppressing Bengalis by Bengalis.
They want to keep military control over East Bengal by instructors, advisors, spies and lackeys. Moreover, in many statements, Bangladesh puppet government mentioned the truth that defense of East Bengal is dependent on India, i.e. under the control of India. They have sent many troops to suppress the revolutionary struggle of people and national minority masses of East Bengal; even they used the air force.
Thus, the Indian expansionists have established control, appropriation, exploitation and suppression in all spheres of East Bengal, made her their colony and backyard. Bangladesh government is nothing but their puppet government. Through open and secret agreements, the six mountains’ lackeys provided the opportunity for them to carry exploitation, plunder, control and suppression and they have sold East Bengal to India. In the past, the Japanese fascists used the slogan of developing region including Asia as the weapon to establish colony. At present, by copying that, the Indian expansionists, are using the slogan of democracy, socialism and secularism as the weapon to establish their colony.
In looting this colony of Indian expansionists, the Soviet social imperialism and US led other imperialists are taking share. They are carrying their appropriation through giving debt, unequal trade pact etc. Thus, the national revolution of East Bengal, that is, end of foreign exploitation and appropriation and establishing of independent and sovereign East Bengal has remain unfinished. The great task of completing democratic revolution through distribution of lands among peasantry by overthrowing feudal, Jaminders and Jotedars remained unfinished too.
By founding Panchayat [Village level administrative unit of government – Translator] system in villages, the six mountains lackeys have established rule of reactionary rural feudal, Jaminder-Jotedar-Mohajan [Mohajan is feudal usurer – Translator], evil elements and tyrants. To guard them, they have formed village defense force and volunteer force named bandit gangs. Thus, national democratic revolution of East Bengal remained unfinished.
Events of East Bengal prove that neither the bourgeoisie and intellectuals nor the feudalist class of East Bengal are able to accomplish national democratic revolution of East Bengal. They betrayed with their own and national interest, sold country and nation to foreign and compromised with domestic feudalism. That is why inevitably the great responsibility to complete the unfinished national democratic revolution of East Bengal falls on proletarian class of East Bengal and its political party.
Except a few Mir Jafar traitors, the workers, peasantry, students, intellectuals, businessmen, industrialists and servicemen of East Bengal that is, the whole Bengali nation of East Bengal soon will carry massive struggle against colonial exploitation and plunder of Indian expansionists, social imperialist, imperialist and their lackeys. The great historic responsibility of political party of East Bengal proletariat is to lead that struggle, carry and accomplish that in a correct path. As a result of Indian expansionists’ occupation being established in East Bengal, the national contradiction of East Bengal people versus Pakistani military fascists have ended.
At present, the following fundamental contradictions are responsible for the social development of East Bengal: National contradiction of East Bengal people versus Indian expansionism. National contradiction of East Bengal people versus Soviet social imperialism. National contradiction of East Bengal people versus US imperialist led imperialism. Contradiction of US led imperialism and its lackeys versus Soviet social imperialism, Indian expansionism and their lackeys.
Contradiction of East Bengal feudalism versus peasantry. East Bengal bourgeoisie versus working class contradiction. The Indian expansionists, by carrying aggressive war through their army, established their colony in East Bengal. This is why national contradiction of East Bengal people versus Indian expansionism is principal among the above mentioned contradictions. The way to resolve that contradiction is to smash and overthrow Indian expansionism and its running dog six mountains’ lackey national enemies and puppet government of Bangladesh through carrying armed national revolution and liberate East Bengal from the colonial chain of Indian expansionists.
Besides overthrowing Indian expansionism, another aim of this revolution will be to overthrow Soviet social imperialism and US led imperialism from East Bengal and resolve East Bengal people’s national contradiction with them. To smash and overthrow the pro Indian expansionist, pro social imperialist and pro imperialist feudal Jaminders-Jotedars as national enemy, freely distribute their land and properties to landless peasants, lessen feudal exploitation of the pro national liberation feudalists and finally overthrow feudalism. In this way, step by step, to carry and complete democratic revolution.
In the course of this national democratic revolution, as national enemy, we have to overthrow the bureaucratic bourgeoisie and reactionary intellectuals dependent on Indian expansionism, Soviet social imperialism and imperialism. In the course of this national democratic revolution, we have to defend the pro revolution bourgeoisie, fix eight hour working day for workers and give them other opportunities. In course of the national democratic revolution, patriotic Muslim, Hindu and people of other religions of East Bengal must solidify their unity.
They must oppose the religious oppression by the Indian expansionism and their lackey reactionary Jaminders-Jotedars-capitalists, intellectuals and evil elements over Muslim people as well as the conspiracy to use Hindu people in expansionist interest. At the same time, they must oppose the communal conspiracy against patriotic Hindu people by the US led imperialism and their Muslim lackey Jaminder-Jotedars, capitalists, intellectuals (PDP, Jamat, Muslim League and a section of Awami League) and evil elements through taking the opportunity of religious oppression, as well as oppose the conspiracy of US led imperialists to establish colony in East Bengal.
They must end all types of religious oppression, and defend religious freedom, right, equality and harmony. The fundamental guiding force of the unfinished national democratic revolution of East Bengal is workers-peasants-petit bourgeoisie class. Proletariat is the leader of this revolution. It is possible to carry and accomplish the national democratic revolution of East Bengal by carrying national liberation war through applying the strategy and tactics of protracted ruthless people’s war.
We have to initiate this national liberation war through guerrilla war, guerrilla groups should be formed comprising workers-peasants-revolutionaries from zero, should annihilate six mountains’ lackey national enemies by whatever we have domestically, should arm ourselves by the arms of the enemies, should spread guerrilla war countrywide throughout the East Bengal, in the course of guerrilla war, we have to take national liberation war to higher level, establish base in rural areas, forge regular force, local guerrillas, village self defense force and finally we must seize cities through carrying higher level of mobile wars, big encirclements and positional wars and liberate the whole East Bengal.
The proletariat, on the basis of workers-peasants alliance will try to unify national bourgeoisie, other patriotic individuals and groups, religious, lingual and ethnic minority people, and form national liberation front. At the same time they must oppose and criticize the mentality and activities of compromise, vacillation, and treachery of bourgeoisie, feudalist and intellectuals. By carrying that revolution, we have to liberate the whole East Bengal and establish republic of independent, democratic, peaceful, non aligned and progressive East Bengal.
The state system of that republic will be proletarian led workers-peasants alliance based joint democratic dictatorship state system of all the patriotic classes. In course of carrying this revolution, in liberated areas, we have to establish government of independent, democratic, peaceful, non-aligned, progressive republic of East Bengal. By carrying and accomplishing the national democratic revolution of East Bengal, we have to resolve the problem of relation with Pakistan [state relation of East Bengal with Pakistan, returning Bengalis from within Pakistan, putting in trial and giving punishment to the Pakistani regime and military and civil personnel who committed crime of genocide and fascist devastation in East Bengal, with interest returning the capital and valuable possessions that was transferred from East Bengal to Pakistan in last 24 years.
Returning back the historic materials that was transferred from East Bengal, problems of paying back foreign debt, taking appropriate compensation for their carried ruthless devastation, killing, rape and misappropriation in East Bengal] in justified way in accordance with people’s aspiration. In this way, by carrying and accomplishing national democratic revolution, we have to initiate and carry socialist revolution to resolve the contradiction of working class versus bourgeoisie.
In order to carry people’s liberation struggle of East Bengal in correct path, we need a correct political party of proletariat. With that objective, in 1968, preparatory organization the East Bengal Workers Movement was established by taking Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought as guiding theoretical basis. From the beginning of its formation, the East Bengal Workers Movement carried armed struggle against colonial exploitation and plunder of the Pak military fascists. Cadres and guerrillas of the East Bengal Workers Movement threw bomb on Pakistan Council, US Information Center and BNR and for the first time initiated guerrilla war of national liberation in Fatikchari in Chittagong through national enemy annihilation.
During and post 25 March period, even at the face of severe fascist repression of Pak military fascists, cadres of East Bengal Workers Movement, by not fleeing to India but relying on people’s strength, guided people to liberation war against Pak military fascists in correct path. Guerrillas of East Bengal Workers Movement carried guerrilla war through capturing arms from national enemies and Pak military fascists. Soon more than eight guerrilla fronts, liberated zones and regular force developed in the districts of Barisal, Faridpur, Patuakhali, Dhaka, Pabna, Tangail etc, and guerrilla war spread like prairie fire.
Thus East Bengal Workers Movement, by carrying armed liberation war in correct path on the basis of self reliance, founded example of correct path before the whole Bengali nation. In 3 June 1971, in the midst of the roaring artillery fire of Pak military fascists, political party of proletariat of East Bengal “Proletarian Party of East Bengal” developed to guide people of East Bengal in correct path. The six mountains’ lackeys marked Proletarian Party of East Bengal as the only obstacle in establishing and continuously carrying exploitation and plunder by the six mountains in East Bengal.
They attacked us, ruthlessly murdered our many guerrillas, cadres, sympathizers and masses trapping in fake discussion, made their hand black with our blood, and occupied our liberated zones. Thus, temporarily they blocked the liberation struggle we were carrying in correct path. After the counterrevolutionary seizure of power of East Bengal, they have strengthened repression and plunder. They are carrying loot, murder, decoity, abduction, rape, forcible fund collection, setting ablaze like Pak military fascists. They are also making ‘mass killing ground’ like the Pak military fascists. They are suppressing and controlling employees of government and nongovernment institutions.
In this way, they have made this country a lawless region. Like Hitlar’s Jews massacre, regardless of criminal or innocent, they are mass murdering Urdu speaking people, killing child, youth, elderly, and women. As a consequence of exploitation and appropriation of their and their master the Indian expansionists, daily good’s price of East Bengal became maximum, hundreds of thousands of people became unemployed and people are in starving or half starving condition.
Innumerable events prove that the democracy six mountains’ lackeys want is their fascist dictatorship, the socialism they want is exploitation and plunder by them, the secularism they want is religious oppression over Muslim people and suppression over the obstacle of Muslim religion in keeping Indian colony in East Bengal, the nationalism they say is national capitulation, subservience and cleansing of the national minority and Urdu speaking ethnicity. Mujivism is national capitulation and fascism.
Serious anger and hatred have been created among the people of East Bengal. People are realizing that there are no difference between the Pak military fascists and six mountains’ lackeys. People have been fallen in tiger’s mouth from snake’s mouth. People’s consciousness of East Bengal has reached much higher stage in the last nine month’s revolutionary storm. They achieved developed political standard, and are not afraid of death. They have started struggle against six mountains’ lackeys and their masters.
Workers of East Bengal have started general strike, procession and gherao (encirclement) struggle. Small servicemen, businessmen, students, and intellectuals started struggle too. Peasants have started struggle against six mountains’ lackey Jotedars-Jaminders and bad elements. Thus, six mountains lackeys are being isolated from people, their veil is being exposed and people are realizing their hoax and Mir Jafari (Mir Jafar is the historic betrayer in Bengal who handed over Bengal and India to British Bandits, so, in Bengali Mir Jafari means betray – Translator).
Serious mass struggle have started to overthrow six mountains’ lackeys, Indian expansionism, social imperialism and imperialism. Biting each other among the six mountains’ lackey has become acute. Even armed clash, killing and abduction are going on among themselves. To avoid crisis, they are begging here and there for foreign aid. But nothing can save them from fall. People will finally bury them with their masters like they (people) did to Pak military fascists. By taking the unpopularity of Awami League fascists and popularity of socialism, the Rob group, once who formulated Mujiv-ism (now National Socialist Party), by saying of establishing of socialism through so called class struggle and social revolution, are hatching conspiracy to seize power of East Bengal to establish colony of US led imperialists. Like Awami League fascists, their fall is also inevitable.
Awami League fascists and their lackeys, besides strengthening suppression on people, also are strengthening participation in “Naxal” suppression campaign of Indian expansionism, social imperialism and imperialism, in resisting China and communism and reactionary activities of intervening in neighboring countries’ internal affair. Therefore, proletarian revolutionaries of East Bengal will have to carry activities secretly.
They should use the opportunity of open work keeping party name secret to help armed struggle. East Bengal revolutionaries must establish and consolidate fraternal cooperation with Indian proletarian revolutionaries, unite with the great struggle led by Indian proletarian revolutionaries, Naga, Mijo and Kashmiri national liberation struggle and overthrow the center of reaction of South Asia, the Indian expansionism with hand in hand.
By keeping in memory the comrades, who were martyred by Awami League fascists: flesh and blood of people and greatest son of East Bengal comrade Chunnu who till his last breadth chanted: Long live Independent Bengal! Long live comrade Siraj Sikder, long live proletarian party of East Bengal, Comrade Hiru, Nazrul, Anis, Shashanka, Zillu, Taher, Polas, Syde, Rais and others; guerrilla Mannan, Mojid and others; comrades who were killed by Pak military fascists: comrade Pintu and others; killed in accident comrade Shahin and others; disappeared comrades and guerrillas and tens of thousands of people who were martyred in liberation struggle of East Bengal, let us March forward, develop political party of proletariat of East Bengal, the Proletarian Party of East Bengal, by following the path of formation of regular force led by proletariat in Payarabagan for the first time in the history East Bengal, let us build armed patriotic force as the main form of organization under party, build national liberation front of East Bengal by unifying all the patriotic people on the basis of workers-peasants alliance, let us continue to carry national liberation guerrilla war through annihilation of six mountains’ lackeys national enemies, take blood in retaliation to the blood of martyr comrades, guerrillas and friends, and persist in armed struggle. Through that, let us build party, armed patriotic force and national liberation front, and through barrel of the gun, build independent, democratic, peaceful, non aligned, progressive republic of East Bengal, complete the unfinished national democratic revolution of East Bengal.
● Down with Liu Chao Chi-Kruschev of East Bengal Huq-Toha, Jyoti Bose-Nambudripad of East Bengal Deben-Basar kaji-Rono-Amol Sen and of East Bengal Trotsky-Che Motin-Alauddin traitor clique!
● Long live Proletarian Party of East Bengal!
● Long live Comrade Siraj Sikder!
● Complete the unfinished national democratic revolution of East Bengal!
● Long Live National Liberation Front of East Bengal!
● Long Live Armed Patriotic Force of East Bengal!
● Establish independent, democratic, peaceful, non aligned, progressive republic of East Bengal!