After having established significant influence in the hinterland, the banned CPI(Maoist) has forayed into the national capital by bringing seven out of nine districts under its influence through overt means.
The alarming revelation relating to the heightened Maoist overground activities in Delhi was made by the Government on Thursday in Parliament — the first time it has admitted officially.
Minister of State for Home Jitendra Singh said the districts in Delhi which have come under the influence of Left wing extremism (LWE) are Central Delhi, New Delhi, South Delhi, North-West Delhi, South-West Delhi, North and North-East Delhi.
“In 2011, a total of 84 districts in India witnessed violent activities of some nature by LWE outfits, an overwhelming majority of which were by the CPI(Maoist). Out of the above, around 50 districts witnessed moderate to high levels of violence,” Singh told Rajya Sabha on Thursday in a written reply.
The Minister said the classification of districts as “under LWE influence” is based on overground activity of the front organisations of the CPI(Maoist) and other Left-wing extremist groups. “The total number of such districts in the country in 2011 was 203 (including the 84 violence affected districts),” he said.
Intelligence reports have been pointing to the presence of overground activities of the frontal organisation of the CPI(Maoist) in Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir and Gujarat besides the industrial pockets in the National Capital Region. They have also been reporting about investments of the Maoists in real estate in urban areas including the NCR.
The CPI(Maoist) has been endeavouring to bring urban areas under the ambit of its subversive movement and has already roped in a number of intellectuals to carry forward its agenda at the overground level. Arrest of a qualified chartered accountant Kobad Ghandy from Delhi way back in 2009 for indulgence in Maoist activities is a case in point. Likewise, arrest of Ramakrishna Sadanala, a qualified engineer from Kolkata earlier this year highlights the resolve of the ultras in using the talent of qualified people for anti-national activities.
Overground activities by the banned outfit is undertaken in newer areas as a first step towards launch of armed revolution. The frontal organisations work under the garb of NGOs that aim at increasing social support base and furthering the propaganda of the ultras against the State and its various arms, especially the security forces.
As a first step, the overground activists distribute pamphlets and extend their support to protests against the local administration and later on enlarge the agenda to organise dharnas against the actions of the security forces against the ultras.
The CPI(Maoist) has already made significant inroads in the Northeastern States as it strives to make a common cause with the secessionist and subversive outfits of the insurgency-hit areas in the region. Besides, the Maoists want to seek supply of sophisticated arms and ammunition from the North-East ultras that have a well-oiled supply lines for procurement of prohibited weapons from Yunnan province in China and other such routes from the neighbouring countries.
Singh said since 2009, significant spatial reduction in Left wing violence has been noticed in Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. West Bengal’s West Midnapore district, which had witnessed 360 killings between 2009 and 2011, has not seen any violence till July 31 this year.
Similarly, Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada, where 280 people were killed in Maoist violence in previous three years, has witnessed 13 deaths in the first seven months of 2012.
The security forces on their part have liquidated 29 Naxals in 49 encounters so far in contrast to elimination of 32 Naxalites in 76 encounters during the corresponding period last year across the affected States.