Make the 21st century a century of establishing Communism worldwide-2005


— by Anwar Kabir, Secretary, Central Committee, Proletarian Party of Purbo Bangla (PBSP/Bangladesh)

The greatest achievement of the human race in the modern era is the invention of the doctrine of scientific communism, which in last century, has developed into Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. In last century, this doctrine has changed the face of the earth again and again. The great Russian revolution, the Chinese revolution and the Proletarian Cultural revolution (GPCR) — these three milestones have, on the one hand raised this doctrine into MLM, similarly on the other, they have shown the instance of completely new society throughout a large portion of the world, the society which is hint-carrier of an ever shining future of the human race. But unfortunately, it has not been possible to continue this achievement of real life.

When the world has entered in the new century, the 21st century, then the whole world-system is under imperialism. By winning over communism for the time being, world imperialism has become more desperate for exploitation, plunder & oppression of the world. On the one hand, under the leadership of imperialist chieftain US, they have initiated a new wave of unjust war against the world people. On the other side, bargaining and split among themselves have again increased for sharing out of the world. Especially the imperialist gang-leader the US has started to advance towards facism by trampling down their own bourgeoisie democratic system. Question has arose, whether this century will be beaten in rat-trap of facism and unjust war by bringing about repitition of last century. And will see helplessly in one hand, hoodwinking of so-called “modern” doctrine named as democracy, and on the other hand, —– of the scattered & vitiated struggle of mediaeval religious ideology.

Or, the world people, especially the world proletariat class as the most advanced revolutionary class in the history, will come forward again for establishing a new shining world and finally will be successful to establish that ? In the previous century world imperialism has gone to death door again and again. But total collapse of this crumbling imperialism has not occurred. Rather, by defeating the world proletarian revolution temporarily, since 80’s of last century, it is showing the audacity of bullying that communism is dead. The revolutionary force is still weak, though the potential of a genuine revolution, able to uproot the imperialist system is huge in the context of the struggle, uprising and waking up of the masses, oppressed and exploited by imperialism wordwide, and in the context of the own crises of imperialism.

In this situation, what will be the role of MLM in 21st century, the doctrine which had enabled to prove itself as the only one omnipotent & opposite revolutionary doctrine to imperialism in last century ? How MLM will face this situation? This question is bound to be raised in front of MLM-ists worldwide, and it is bound to create debate around it. Because, after the grave setback of world communist movement during the 70’s of last century, a long period of nearly three decades has passed away. And during this time, so many changes have occurred in the world situation. The responsibility of MLM-ists is to carry out this debate properly, and advance the revolutionary class struggle; and through these, develop the ideology of MLM further and establish it as fully enable to face the challenge of 21st century. An overall debate of this type always touches the base of the doctrine of our class MLM.

To get rid of the ongoing world system and for uprooting that, how we will uphold the ideology of communism in 21st century, and how we will develop these are bound to come in this discussion, research and debate. This question is evidently related to the question of effectiveness of the doctrine of communism. The global ‘modern’ ideology, which is upheld in opposition to the ideology of communism, is the doctrine of “Democracy”. It is a fact that illusion about democracy is sky-high. It happened to develop in last century in the adverse situation after the setback of communist movement.

But it is also a fact that, Marxism had unveiled this …. scientifically in the era of its emergence & through out the last century it was done successfully. In addition, when the revolution fails, the monsters raise their heads; and with this, increase ……. Still we have not passed that period. So, there is necessity to understand again the doctrine of communism against the doctrine of ‘democracy’. And this is one of the principal tasks among all other roles of MLM in 21st century. Marxism has taught us since its inception that democracy is not universal, rather that is only applicable among a specific class in all class divided society. There can not be democracy for any class without the dictatorship over the opposite class.

Such as, bourgeoisie democracy is not possible without the dictatorship over the proletariat class, and democracy of proletariat class is not possible without carrying out dictatorship over bourgeoisie class. When there will be no need of dictatorship, the world will enter into a classless society, i.e., communism, and then talking about democracy will also be meaningless. So, the central question of power is the question of dictatorship; the dictatorship of which class over which opposite class. How will we make advancement in this fundamental basis of communist ideology that question is bound to knock at the doorstep of the world of doctrinal development.

When the bright possibility of establishing the state of proletariat class in the world has arose again, then there is no doubt that this question will become an important subject to be discussed among proletariat class and MLM-ists. We also will centralize our discussion in this article on this very subject. Actually the idea of democracy is not of modern world, rather it has come from slave period. Although this idea has got higher meaning and form by coming to bourgeoisie era. Democracy was practiced in the administrative system in slave period in ancient Rome and Greece too. The important institution ‘parliament’ of todays bourgeoisie democracy has come from the practice of senate in slave society. That democracy was for slave owners. There was far reaching to participate in it for slaves, even they were not recognized fully as a part of human species. Basically bourgeoisie democracy is also the same thing. Bourgeoisie democracy is nothing but a means to carry out power of modern exploiting class. Undoubtedly, universal suffrage is an important constituent of bourgeoisie democracy in the present era. But in the beginning it was not present in democracy in many places. Even half of the population of the society, suffrage of woman also was recognized after a long period in different times in different countries in bourgeoisie democracy.

So, which should be established very firmly at the very beginning, is that, in present world, what is meant by democracy is bourgeoisie democracy. And the actual meaning of this becomes clear only when its character is realized and unveiled as bourgeoisie dictatorship. Bourgeoisie democracy can’t exist without carrying out dictatorship over the working class and mass-people. Ideology of communism upholds the politics of dictatorship of the proletariat class on contrary of this bourgeoisie dictatorship.

Specific characteristics of this dictatorship is : it is the dictatorship of majority over minority first in history. Previously this was opposite. And this dictatorship is only a bridge in the road to advancing the human race into a classless society, that means abolition of all types of class dictatorship, state system and state power. So, proletarian dictatorship can’t be without arming with the ideology of establishing classless society worldwide, i.e., the doctrine of communism. Likewise, doctrine of communism can’t be established without going through proletarian dictatorship. It is very urgent to uphold much more strongly our communist doctrine in 21st century. And it is necessary to unveil the bourgeoisie doctrine of democracy more & more.

But the question is that, when dictatorship and democracy these two are shown as controversial and separate subjects, then is it not the bourgeoisie class, which get the chance to show itself as a real democratic? Whereas, in reality, democracy is very much profound & broad for proletariat class and masses under proletarian dictatorship? Can’t we fight ‘‘bourgeoisie democracy’’ with ‘‘proletarian democracy’ ? And isn’t that more correct politically & tactically ? Firstly, certainly we can & must hold high that proletarian democracy is a very much broad democracy. We must show how bourgeoisie democracy protect the interest of 10% and basically execute their power. And socialism, on the contrary, represents 90%. But, we can’t ultimately establish our theory related to power, state and ‘democracy’ in the realm of doctrine, if we do not expose scientifically the bourgeoisie explanation of democracy that democracy is universal.

And we can’t prepare the people for the capture and execution of their power by rectifying their ….. and illusion. Limiting ourselves only in opposing their bogus democracy by our real democracy, or tactics of defeating the enemy with their weapons these fail to enter into the essence of the debate in this field. That essence is that, democracy is only one aspect of dictatorship. The dangerous political aspect of this is, proletariat class and the people will be less conscious about the execution of their own dictatorship over the bourgeoisie class, and as a result, that will fail. So, the main thing is not to raise the slogan of democracy against dictatorship, rather, how proletarian dictatorship can be executed more properly.

Other related aspect of this is, how democracy among the proletariat class and masses can be practiced more properly. These two are two aspects of a single system, and certainly both of these have their own specific problems. But in class-divided society the problem of dictatorship is the essence of power. For that very reason, we see that, fascism and bourgeoisie democracy is the same in essence, i.e, bourgeoisie dictatorship although there are some important differences between these two in the method of execution of power. And this is more important in socialism, because, young socialism has to survive and advance by struggling against the force of the whole imperialist world system; and as socialism is a transitional period, numerous bourgeoisie relations exist here in all the fields including economic-political-cultural fields, and from these new bourgeoisie emerge in every moment.

So, the question of dictatorship in socialism is many times more important than in capitalist society, and if it is not taken this way, setback is inevitable.

By entering into 21st century, it will bound to be, and in the mean time it has already become, important in world communist movement the subject of summation of the experiences of socialism, i.e., proletarian dictatorship in last century. These revolutions had been defeated after advancing to some extent. Certainly the world wide enemies of socialism were very strong; but for evaluating this defeat correctly, serious importance in the summation of errors and mistakes from our own side is needed.

Anyway, this summation should be done by standing on the fundamental doctrinal base, with the help of that, and through this process again, the development of doctrine will have to be occurred. Through combination with bourgeoisie doctrine, our ideology is not developed, rather, damage is done, which under appropriate condition can bring burden some setback. So, first of all, cautions is needed regarding this. 21st century will become a most important period in the history of human race. Imperialism is proceeding through varieties of crises from the beginning, although it lasted through out the past century. It is digging its own grave by its own activities, although it got temporary victory against communism. Its ‘war against terrorism’ has made people worldwide hostile to it from the very beginning of this century. Besides, globalization and travelling towards fascism — these programs and policies against the people of the world have unveiled its character day by day.

Imperialism may launch even a new inter-imperialist world war just for its own law. But that will be more dangerous for them than the result of last century. Consciousness, anti-unjust war attitude, acceleration & broad flow of information and technology all these will make their destruction very speedy. In this situation, though the revolutionary politics and the spread of the doctrine of communism are still weak in the world arena, but the People’s Wars of Nepal-India-Philipine-Peru, the prospect of people’s war in Turkey-Iran-Afganistan-Bangladesh-Bhutan, and the development of Maoist movement within the USA are adding new dimensions in the current world situation. In this way, emergence of a new revolutionary wave is being evident in the mean time its peak is coming into visible in the South Asian region, especially in Nepal.

Under this condition, a lot of outstanding  incidents will occur in the world situation of 21st century with very speedy motion. That has been already proved widely within first 5 years of this century. Its speed will increase more. The present development of human race in the realm of thought and technology can not carry on such an ugly and dirty system for long. So many people’s wars will be built up throughout the world during the first half of 21st century. Despite setback and fall in some cases, many people’s wars will win, and will build socialism. Despite some setback and restoration of capitalism, many numbers of socialism will advance by taking the vision of communism worldwide. The fate of 21st century will be establishment of communism worldwide. At least proletariat class should advance with this perspective. So, the slogan of communism should be raised much more strongly and in global mode in this century than the last one & half century. And for that the MLM should be taken as the basis, and it should be defended very firmly.

It has been mentioned earlier that it is certainly necessary to sum up the past experiences of proletarian dictatorship, when in a country of this world i.e., in Nepal, proletariat class has reached near to give shape of the dream of capturing state power again. Not only that, the possibility of revolution throughout a very big area, inhabited by over half a billion people covering many states of huge India, including neighbouring Bhutan and Bangladesh is growing speedily. Hence, the question of dictatorship of the proletariat should be taken in hand very firmly. Although huge and great achievements were made in building socialism in Russia under Stalin, fundamental ideological and political mistakes had also occurred there.

Later on, Mao corrected these errors. He launched GPCR in China, and newer & higher experiences were achieved in conducting proletarian dictatorship. These enriched our theory in a wide scale and raised it to MLM. After long 3 decades, world proletariat class should not confine themselves in the above mentioned past experiences in a probable new socialism, rather that should be crossed. Especially, it is necessary to review the experiences of defeat in China by giving attention seriously.

How this dictatorship can be exercised more properly that should be taken as a fundamental problem. Serious parties and prominent leaderships of the international proletariat are already paying attention towards this problem and this needs to be developed more. State will die away in socialism the meaning of this is not that state will have to be died away through the weakening of socialist state and dictatorship. Its result will be opposite. Bourgeoisie class (bourgeoisie within the party, inside the country and of international arena) will be able to uproot the weak proletarian dictatorship easily; and they will establish not weak but very strong bourgeoisie dictatorship.

In the context of present world situation, proletarian dictatorship and state is bound to stay in strategic defensive stage for a long period if we want to divide the process of world revolution into three stages, as the three stages of people’s war mentioned by Mao. When the future socialist bloc and socialist system against the world imperialist system will advance along the stage of strategic offensive, crossing the stage of equilibrium and will advance by taking in hand the immediate program of worldwide communism with certainty, only then the question of dying away of dictatorship and states through out the world will come ahead.

The meaning of dying away of state is entering into classless society i.e., communism, in which all the mankind will enter, otherwise none will. That will be a separate stage of world revolution. We cannot settle the entire things about that just now. For that reason, restoration of capitalism in socialist societies, can be prevented only by strengthening socialism i.e., proletarian dictatorship and proletarian state. And in this way, it is possible to advance the mission of world wide communism by protecting and developing socialism against world imperialism.

But proletarian state and dictatorship is not only opposite to bourgeoisie in its class interest, but this should be basically different from bourgeoisie state in case of form and method also. So, making strong the proletarian dictatorship and state do not mean making strong bureaucracy and standing army isolated from the masses in a straight line way. In Stalinist Russia this type of deviation did weaken the proletarian dictatorship, rather making it strong, because, they were the bourgeoisie relations which became strong by it. So, how to make strong the proletarian dictatorship by keeping harmony with its proletarian character and communist mission, that is a big subject of research, discussion and debate.

During GPCR the Chinese proletariat class, under the leadership of Mao, had built up many “socialist new things” in this field. All these things should be developed. And step by step all these should be theorized also. Only in this way, our doctrine can be developed more. So, the proletariat class and MLM-ists should take in hand the responsibility with courage to develop the theory of proletarian dictatorship to face the challenge of 21st century.

Some more questions and debates of fundamental importance are already posed in front of MLM-ists. The target of this article is not to discuss in details on all of those subjects. But those subjects can be presented in short. The discussion about dynamics of imperialism is specially important in this sphere. We are engaged in proletarian revolution within imperialist world system. So, success of this revolution is dependant on unveiling & realizing the laws of imperialism. Great Lenin had established Marxist theory about imperialism hundred years ago. But huge experiences has been achieved during the last 100 years about the laws and dynamics of imperialism — Correct summation of these is necessary. Mao indeed had made some important evaluations in this field. But there is necessity to understand more clearly the laws of imperialism.

A series of serious political line problems like crisis of imperialism, revolutionary situation especially in imperialist countries, principal contradiction in world arena, socio-economic change in 3rd world countries, strategy of revolution, building of revolutionary Soviet in adjacent countries, development of tactical line in utilizing contradictions among the enemies etc are related to this problem. The problem of correct handling of the contradiction between the two i.e., the revolution in one country and proletarian internationalism in imperialist world system is also related to this. There are different opinions in international communist movement on these subjects.

For the solution of those differences in opinion, MLM should have to be developed. And for this, the debate among the MLM-ists should have to be developed. This internal struggle among Maoists should have to be conducted healthily. Because unhealthy debate and struggle ultimately help no other than the enemy. Just now, we cannot say whether our MLM-ist ideology must be raised to its fourth stage of development, or not, to face the challenge of 21st century. But in the mean time some fundamental questions and debates have already arisen.

Genuine MLM-ists must face these in the developing world situation by developing their doctrine, not only by supporting their past experiences and dogmatist utterance of theories. But in this case, one should establish very firmly some initial things. Such as, the internationalist character of the ideology of establishing of communism worldwide by uprooting world imperialist system. From this arises the fact that this ideology can be developed only globally. One cannot oppose theoretically the matter of development of MLM to its 4th, 5th …… & in this way to newer & higher stages.

But the important thing is that in the era of much developed ‘globalized’ world, this development can occur through joint efforts of Maoist revolutionaries from different corners of the world. In this case the different revolutions of the world is capable of make contributions in different fields. Maoists throughout the world can develop the doctrine in higher stage by incorporating and synthesizing these contributions. This is now important, because, there is an unity-centre of world Maoists, i.e. RIM, which is taking advance the task of forming a new type of international.

So, in future, what will be the name of our ideology (how we will call it), that question may arise also as a real question. However, that is the problem of future, not so near. But at present the necessity is to identify the political and ideological line-questions of research, discussion & debate, and develop our political & ideological line by basing on revolutionary struggles and developing healthy debate. We hope that, international proletariat class will be able to develop its own self along this path under the leadership of its valuable global organization ‘RIM’.

Only in this way, it will be possible to make MLM effective and fruitful in 21st century, which will be a period of turbulent and most radical change in the history of human race and the whole human race will enter into a new world. When the human race will enter proudly in the era of a qualitatively newer struggle in a classless-exploitationless communist world, and a real civilization and modern life will be initiated.

September, 2005.

People’s War in India Clippings 30/8/2015


CRPF exchanges fire with naxalites in Sukma

A gun-battle took place between CoBRA forces and Naxalites in a dense forest of Chhattisgarh’s worst insurgency-hit Sukma district today, police said. A squad of 208 battalion of Compact Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA), an elite unit of CRPF, was patrolling in Bhejji police station area, when naxalites hiding in the forest opened indiscriminate fire on them near Regargatta village, Sukma Superintendent of Police D Shrawan told PTI. The exchange of fire continued for around half an hour, when, on growing police pressure, the guerrillas fled into the core forests, he said. No harm was reported to either end in the skirmish, he said.

Maoist hotbed Bastar to get 75 fortified police stns

RAIPUR: To strengthen the security apparatus in left-wing extremism-affected tribal areas, Chhattisgarh is set to complete process of setting up 75 ‘fortified’ police stations in tribal Bastar region by December this year. State police housing corporation managing director DM Awasthy said works on 25 fortified police stations have been completed while 15 police stations are nearing completion. He was speaking at a high-level meeting, chaired by home minister Ramswak Paikra. On May 31, Union home minister Rajnath Singh had visited Naxalite-affected Sukma district to inaugurate the first fortified police station (FPS) at Maoist-hotbed Dornapal, 400km from the state Capital.

TKP-ML/TIKKO women carry out action for Ekin Wan


In an action carried out by female guerrillas from TKPML/TİKKO two soldiers were killed. On 27th of August at 07.10 am, TKP/ML – TİKKO guerrillas carried out an action against a police post which is under reconstruction in Dersim’s Geyiksu.  The TKP/ML – TİKKO guerrillas’ action was carried out in memory of Ekin Wan.

Via New Turkey

Female prisoners from MLKP/KKÖ go on hunger strike


Prisoners from MLKP/Komünist Kadın Örgütü(Marxist Leninist Communist Party/Communist Women Organisation) declared a 5 day hunger strike against inhuman actions towards the YJA Star guerilla Ekin Wan and others, demanding bodies be delivered to their families and standing in solidarity with PKK and PJAK prisoners. MLKP/KKÖ prisoners indicated that after the Suruç massacre AKP has escalated the assaults against the people, revolutionaries, socialists and Kurdish patriots.

It is remarked in the written statement that “ Medya resistance areas are being bombed, on the streets extra-judicial executions are carried out. State terror, increasing along with tortures and executions on the streets, burning down villages like in Lice and Varto, crowned with assaults against guerrilla funerals.”

The imprisoned women noted that YJA-STAR guerrilla Ekin Wan’s body was desecrated in Varto, “The ones who left Ekin Wan’s desecrated body on the streets, wanted to intimidate resisting women. By protecting Ekin Wan’s torturers and head & ear hunters that are taking pictures of guerrilla bodies, by promoting rapist killer Musa Çitil women’s enemy AKP wants to strangle women’s and Kurdish people’s freedom cry using the vicious war methods of the 90s.”

MLKP/KKÖ prisoners indicated fascist AKP government adds new atrocities to it’s inhuman actions, “There is no limit in their hatred against Rojava revolution which is women’s revolution at the same time. They hold the bodies of YPG/YPJ fighters who were immortalized fighting against rapist DAESH gangs at border gates. After Habur in Mürşitpınar mothers, families, our people were tortured. Disrespectful actions, assaults, insults done to our bodies are against our people and moral values and are unacceptable.”

5-day hunger strike is carried out

Female prisoners from MLKP cases, recorded that they are protesting assaults against Ekin Wan’s body, state terror aimed to force people into surrender, isolation of PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan and offensive stance against Rojava revolution.

“We greet the Kurdish people who responded to the extermination attacks with self-governance declarations. We greet the resistance of women, our people and the oppressed against vicious colonialist war and fascist aggression. We appropriate the hunger strike demands of the prisoners from PKK and PJAK and announced continuation till the delivery of combatant’s bodies to their families. As female prisoners from MLKP/KKÖ in order to stop inhuman actions against the bodies of Ekin Wan and other guerrillas, to demand delivery of bodies to their families, we are going on a hunger strike for 5 days beginning from 27 August 2015. We call all progressive, democratic, revolutionary forces and our people and particularly women to strengthen the struggle and escalate resistance.”

Via New Turkey

People’s War in India Clippings 29/8/2015


One naxalite held

A suspected naxalite was arrested and a naxalite camp was destroyed during search operations at Bhalua forest in Bihar’s Jamui district today. Chandramandi police station in-charge Ajit Kumar said a search was conducted after information that few naxalites were camping in the forest area. Police destroyed a camp after exchange of fire by both sides in the morning. The naxalaties managed to flee and the police seized one walky-talky, one satellite phone and some naxalite literature from the spot.

Injured Naxal’s family says he is innocent

The family members of an alleged Naxal who was injured in an encounter with police on August 25 today claimed he had no connection whatsoever with the ultras and was completely innocent. According to police, Kamalsingh Hidami, a member of ARD (Area Rakshak Dal) of Naxals, was injured in a shoot-out between the rebels and the police in Murkundi forest area in the district. Hidami is a resident of village Bonde in Korchi tehsil. In a memorandum submitted to the district collector and the police, his wife and children said he had no connections with Naxals and was only a farmer/daily wager.

He was returning from Mayalghat in Korchi taluka where he had gone for construction work of one Kamensingh Parsa, the Police Patil of that village, when he was shot by the jawans of C-60 commando force and was declared a Naxal, the family members said. He was later admitted to Gadchiroli General Hospital.

50 kg Can-bomb Found in Jharkhand

CHAIBASA: A powerful can-bomb was today recovered during a joint operation near Hatnadih village on Bandgaon-Purenger road in Naxal-affected West Singhbhum district, police said. The can-bomb, weighing 50 kg, was planted by CPI (Maoist) underneath a road under Bandgaon police station to target the security personnel, the Superintendent of Police, Michael Raj S. said. The bomb was recovered in course of a joint anti-Naxal operation launched by the 60 Battalion of CRPF and District Armed Police force. The explosive was defused by the Bomb Disposal Squad,Michael Raj added.

Special court sentences 13 persons to jail

Raipur, Aug 28 (PTI) A special court has sentenced 13 people, including two businessmen, to seven years rigorous imprisonment for acting as Maoist couriers and transporting arms and ammunition for them. Special Judge Abdul Zahid Qureshi yesterday convicted businessmen Neeraj Chopra and his uncle Dharmendra Chopra, Mohpal alias Santosh Dhruva, Baliram Usendi, Chaitram Darro, Phoolsingh Naag, Sukhnath Nareti, Badri Gavde, Mohan Singh Dhruva, Ramkumar Mandavi, Dasrath Mandavi, Laxman Usendi and Ravi Kadiyam, Public Prosecutor Suresh Prasad Sharma told PTI. All the accused were found guilty of acting as Maoist couriers and receiving arms and ammunitions for them, he said.

Sharma said the State Intelligence Branch and police had arrested the 13 people between January and February last year for providing logistic and financial support to the outlawed CPI (Maoist) from separate places of Raipur and Bastar region in January, 2014. On January 15, 2014, Mohpal, Baliram and Chaitram, were held from Abhanpur area here while they were carrying ammunitions from Raipur to Kanker for naxals, he said. Subsequently, two more Naxal couriers — Phoolsingh and Sukhnath — were apprehended, while their questioning led to arrest of two Kanker-based businessmen and PWD contractors Dharmendra, Chopra and his nephew Neeraj,Chopra and one Ravi Kadiyam.

Later, others accused were also arrested, he said. The traders played an important role in the movement of senior Naxal cadres in town areas, arranging their meetings, beside extorting money from the industrialists for procuring arms, weapons, medicines, clothes, food, electronic gadgets for the outlawed outfit, Sharma said. They were also instrumental in recovering protection money from the mining companies in Bastar region for Maoists, he added.

Police recover 50 improvised explosive devices in Jharkhand

Latehar, Aug 28 (ANI): Police recovered 50 Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) from a stronghold of Maoist rebels in Jharkhand. The recoveries were made from the jungles of Hesatu village in Latehar district during a search operation that was conducted based on a tip off. Senior police officials said that the explosives weighed 1-1.5 kilograms and were made to target police personnel.

Tiffin bombs seized in Gajapati district

Berhampur: Security forces on Wednesday recovered two powerful tiffin bombs at Telengapadara, 2 km from the OSAP camp at Paniganda, in Gajapati district. “The bombs, weighing 27 kg and 25 kg, were defused by the bomb disposal squad,” said SP (Gajapati) Satyajit Nayak.

Maoist hideout busted in Odisha’s Bolangir

Security personnel today busted a Maoist hideout at Khaprakhol in Odisha’s Bolangir district during a combing operation in Gandhamardan hills. Guns, bullets, posters, booklets and other Maoist-related materials were seized from the spot. “Two single bore rifles, three round bullets, 15 kg rice, 2 kg tea granules and urea, utensils, medicines among other things were seized from the Maoist camp,” said PK Mishra, CRPF Deputy Commandant.

The experience of practice of Maoism in Bangladesh And Problems of defending & developing Maoism-2004


— Anwar Kabir Secretary,

Central Committee, Proletarian Party of Purbo Bangla (PBSP/Bangladesh)

[This article was originally written in Bangla. The following translation is not so much fine. Any way, readers will find the basic understanding from this translation –author.]

The Maoist movement in Bangladesh – like many other countries of the world — got initiated in the last part of 60′s of the last century. This movement emerged through rebellion against the domestic collaborators of Khruschevite revisionism by being influenced by the GPCR of China led by Mao Tse Tung. However, from the very beginning the Maoist movement of this country was numerously splitted. Established by martyred comrade Siraj Sikder our party was an important stream of this movement. Apart from our party, several other important streams were also active from the very beginning. These streams developed later along their own track – as our party also did.

Still now, the Maoist movement of our country could not overcome that tendency of splittism. Therefore, the experience of our party in applying Maoism in Bangladesh is partial in the overall context of the movement. The task of considering Maoist movement of this country as a whole has started for a short time. Our party is actively participating in this process. But the synthesis of that process has not been completed. That is why, it is possible on our part to scrutinize mainly our party’s own experiences only — although we will try to include other teachings of the whole movement in this article as far as it is possible.

* The history of the Maoist movement of Bangladesh can be divided into three main phases. It’s first phase is the period of high tide of world revolution in the 60′s/70′s. Maoist movement took its root in this country, and we can say, communist-led first independent revolutionary movement developed in this country during this time. The second phase started after the setback of this revolutionary upsurge, especially after Mao’s death in `76, at the time of worldwide total setback of the communist movement. That phase continued to exist till the end of the last century.

And the third phase has started from the end of the last century or from the beginning of the current century. Though all the phases can be divided into several sub-phases, it would be better to divide the whole history of the Maoist movement into above-mentioned three main phases in the case of defending Maoism & its realization and development. In applying Maoism the above-mentioned first phase is the period of accepting Maoism as the ideological basis and the period of initiating a new chapter of communist movement & genuine revolutionary struggle on the basis of Maoism. The main problem during this phase was to accept Mao Tse tung Thought viz., the problem to accept this as the third stage of our internationalist proletarian ideology.

Apart from genuine Maoists, many progressive lefts, however, had upheld Mao in that high tidal period, many had said about Mao Thought also, but they hadn’t accepted Mao Tse Tung Thought as the third stage of ideology. This section very soon one after another started to expose themselves as anti-Mao Thought. Even there was huge inequality & weakness of realization among those also, who had accepted Mao Thought as third stage. Therefore, fundamental problem was the problem of accepting Maoism as the third stage of ideology. This was the most main problem in defending & applying MLM during the first phase. The problem of creative application of MLM was associated with this very matter. On this point, great Lenin long before had mentioned that, Marxism is not a dogma, but a guide action. Mao had deepened this theory by his contribution in philosophy — in his discussions on particularity of contradiction and epistemology.

When we apply the particularity of contradiction in social revolution, we see that, society of each country is different to those of others and every society changes as time passes, although there is basic identity among the societies in a particular historic epoch. So, debate erupted in Maoist movement in our country from the very beginning over the creative application of MLM in the society of Bangladesh. From the very initiation there was a dogmatist trend & deviation in domestic Maoist Movement of bringing exactly the same line as China and India by saying that our society is similar to those countries. This was manifesting itself in political & military lines. Comrade Siraj Sikder fought against that deviation.

But we notice opposite type of deviation in com. Siraj Sikder while he was struggling against the above-mentioned dogmatism and creatively applying MLM. It brought nationalist deviation in his political line what was related to the weaknesses in deep realization of the basic principles of MLM . So, in the first phase, our Maoist movement could not be freed from both the problems — on the one hand dogmatism; and empiricism & pragmatism on the other. As a consequence of that, revolution failed – during this phase — to advance forward towards the successful end despite glorious struggle. In this time, weaknesses remained in realizing and mastering Maoism in a better way. In spite of the effort of accepting & applying Mao’s theory of New Democracy & PW, and his philosophical contribution of pre-Chinese revolution period, actually the qualitative & comprehensive development made by Mao during the GPCR was not mastered so much profoundly.

Even the question of agrarian revolution in New Democracy couldn’t be grasped firmly because of the tendency of nationalist deviation amidst one section, and reformist & economist deviation among others who concentrated on annihilation . At the same time peasant question was taken by some other sections not being ruptured from old economism & reformism. Similarly there was wide weakness on the question of PW. The armed form of struggle was more emphasized than the ideological-political nature & significance of Peoples War. Taking area-wise seizure of power, ie. establishing Base-Area at the centre, and armed struggle as principal, peoples war was not waged as a broad mass-political activities including mass line, mass base, mass struggle, mass organisation etc. and one-sided stress was given on guerilla struggle.

On the other hand, through spontaneous activities, armed economist or reformist deviation occurred in new form — which weakened revolutionary politics. On the one hand, in excuse of concrete reality and speaking of mass insurrection/countrywide expansion, the significance of Base Area in PW was not correctly understood and grasped. On the other hand, serious localist activities developed in the name of area-wise seizure of power, which ocurred spontaneously instead of concentrating in strategic regions with the aim of establishing Base Area. That is why, we see, during this primary period of accepting Maoism, our movement deviated on some fundamental questions of basic principles of MLM in the name of concrete analysis of concrete situation, or in dogmatist form.

Moreover, because of failure of realizing & mastering Maosim in a better way from the highest stage of GPCR, weakness & deviation erupted in fundamental questions including philosophical outlook, party building, class line, mass line, front & methodology. That brought failure in developing an advance Maoist party and revolution.

* In ’76, after the death of Mao, the Teng-Hua clique in China, after capturing power degenerated Chinese party to revisionism. On the other side, Hoxa of Albania waged an all out attack on Maoism in excuse of taking the side of Stalin. In the mean time, setback & ebb came in the worldwide mass upsurge of 60′s-70′s what took completeness by the above mentioned facts. The Maoist movement fell in a total setback worldwide. The movement of Bangladesh was not free from that too. In reality, in the first phase Maoist revolutionary upsurge in this country got total setback in the 1st half of ’75. During the period of new ideological Great Debate, after ’76, massive apostasy, degeneration, confusion & frustration covered the country.

In face of all types of reactionary, revisionist & opportunist attack, the question of defending Maoism became principal . The main form of which became the question of supporting, taking side & defending the previous Maoist movement & revolutionary struggle. A section of earstwhile Maoists supported Teng-ism against GPCR and imposed the revisionist three world theory on Mao. On the other side, in the excuse of opposing three world theory & Teng-ism, another big portion attacked upon Mao & GPCR. The general targets of attack of both the sides were PPW, GPCR & Maoism. In that critical juncture, a few number of Maoist revolutionaries of our country stood in favour of the theory of PPW & previous armed revolutionary struggle. In the international ideological great polemics, they upheld GPCR & Maoism against Teng-ism & Hoxaism. In that time in course of polarization of genuine Maoist revolutionaries in the international arena, the big part of Maoist movement of our country including our party got united in RIM.

That played a great positive role in defending Maoism in national field. Today while going back to review the 2nd phase history, we see that, higher realization on the teachings of GPCR than the first phase made the Maoists able to defend Maoism. In fact, the struggle to defend Maoism created the necessity of deepening this realization and this line-struggle itself pushed that forward. During this time, Maoists continued to master the contribution of Mao on philosophy (dialectics), socialism (continuing revolution under the proletarian dictatorship), party( development through 2LS) etc deeply.

But no qualitative development occurred except some important reforms in previous line on PW. Even on the three above-mentioned questions too, weakness remained in realization & application of Maoism. All these development & weakness — both were manifested in 80′s & 90′s in the newer upsurge of Maoist movement of this country. That defended Maoism, defended the Maoist revolutionary heritage of 1st phase, made line development of that and made new revolutionary upsurges too. But this upsurge again fell in setback after going ahead some distance. In this phase, in defending Maoist movement, very important thing was on the one hand defending revolutionary line, and developing that on the other.

When after the defeat of 1st phase, the main task was to fight back the liquidation of rejecting Maoism, at that time a puritan trend regarding 1st phase emerged as a strong trend in Maoist movement. It went on saying that our line was correct, so there is no question on that; struggle has got setback because of enemy repression, absence of leadership or betray or deviation/weakness of application. That trend continued to raise 1st phase-line as the same level or near-about form of ideology. That thinking manifested itself in the name of teachings of SS or teachings of CM. In that situation, the revolutionary Maoist movement had to on the one hand defend the revolutionary contribution of SS/CM/1st phase, and on the other hand, had to take up the task of overcoming the incompleteness/weakness/deviation.

But the above mentioned puritan-line remained & still exist as a strong trend in our Maoist movement. This has widely lagged behind ideologically & politically in a futile attempt to repeat the old defeated-revolution, or became Maoism of mere words in a dogmatic way — being isolated from revolution. However, as the advancing trend had developed revolutionary line through sum up 1st phase, movement got renewed motion; and the line had raised to a new higher level. Though, further later, after the defeating-end of this 2nd phase, we can say today that the above-mentioned sum up could not rupture from past line and as a result had created some new weakness also. Consequently, development of a comparative correct line that is able to make revolution in this country remained incomplete. And besides the frustration, confusion, degeneration, betray that resulted from re-setback of revolution, massive split also developed in Maoist movement.

Maoist movement of this country has entered to the new century with this situation — when the question of higher realization of MLM, question of learning politely and creatively from the advance international experiences & ideas, and the question of developing the line to a new higher level has been resolutely raised. On that basis reorganizing Maoist movement and revolutionary struggle is essential. In this way, Movement has entered to the 3rd phase.

The ongoing phase, in fact, has started from the beginning of the last decade of last century, when our party began to rupture from the past in the case of specific line of people’s war (PW) of this country, and adopt the formulation of Maoism — although still there was weakness in case of higher realization of Maoism & there was also some backward conception of mere formulation-change in case of adopting Maoism instead of Mao-Thought. This phase has become more clear at the end of last century and beginning of this century. So, the time is not yet ripe to take final evaluation of this phase. But, some new experiences on the part of our party can be mentioned here in case of defending MLM.

In past also, one stream was present which upheld the past teachings & experiences (among which exist some serious negative aspects also) of application of MLM in this country as like the ideology of the party. This is now appearing in new form. This not only hindered the summation of our movement on the basis of MLM, but weakens MLM too. Even it brings nationalist conception – though not consciously. The deviation of giving one sided emphasis only on armed form in revolutionary struggle in past Maoist movement of our country is now expressing itself in some theoretical line which roughly subordinate MLM to armed struggle (AS) or PW.

That is, it considers armed struggle as the only criteria for MLM-ist. In this way, it weakens MLM seriously. Historical weakness of Maoist Movement of this country on Base-Area question is now expressing in different form from some of the groupings. Wrong realization of correct policy of coordinating insurrection with protracted people’s war (PPW) is weakening the fundamental line of area-wise seizure of power. In this case also, the question of defending MLM is expressing through supporting of the Maoist theory of PPW. Another stream also exists which weakens the task of developing the specific line suitable for this country, in the name of taking the side of the general truths of MLM & international experiences, and which negates the practical revolutionary struggle for the creative application of those, ie. fusion of those with the domestic situation. This lower-down the struggle of defending MLM to a petty-bourgeoise intellectual theory-discussion matter.

Besides these – another stream also exists which supports Maoism in one hand & on the other hand, carry on the old economist-reformist deviation. It still has not understood the task of initiating PW as soon as possible in countries like ours as a strategic question. For defending Maoism, it is now important to struggle with the above-mentioned deviations side by side fighting the revisionist streams, which are now weak theoretically, and in subjective strength, in this country and are broadly exposed through their tailing behind the bourgeoisie.

* In defending & applying Maoism viz. in developing revolutionary line in MLM-ist movement of this country in the previous time, some of our summations can be done in the following way.

When we speak of defending MLM, at that time the first important thing is its correct realization. Because without realization its application is not possible. Speaking of accepting MLM and being MLM-ist is not the same, what can be seen very often. But this realization again is related to its application. The meaning of which is that realization of the doctrine can only be deepened through revolutionary practice and it becomes possible to defend it also. MLM is at first science of revolution, and as Mao said, we can achieve the idea about the taste of pear by only eating that, i.e., we can achieve actual knowledge about MLM the doctrine of revolution, only by making revolution.

Thus it can be defended. In the Maoist movement of Bangladesh, those who have played the vanguard role in the revolutionary practice of the application of Maoism, have played vanguard role in its realization & defense. Without waging revolutionary practice, without connecting theory with this, and without incorporating with its necessity, realization & defense of MLM can’t be done. But in relation with this, a mechanical & one sided idea, tendency, deviation & stream exists historically in the revolutionary Maoist movement of this country, what is still strong.

We have line, and the only problem is in its application — such type of vulgar pragmatism actually discards the dynamism of line. As a result, that makes defense of MLM difficult by making hindrance to the development of line. The development of line is sum up of experiences & synthesis. This brings in the importance of theoretical work. That is why, the importance of theoretical work in defending Maoism is vital, what has widely been neglected in different trends in Maoist movement in this country. Weaknesses in developing lines by summing up own revolutionary experiences, learning from international experiences and deepening theoretical study & research are related to the above-mentioned problem.

Application of MLM is creative, not mechanical or dogmatist. It has been mentioned before that, societies of different countries of the world are of different specificity — their history, heritage, socio-economic condition, culture & geography are different. Time continuously flows, and each of the societies is also regularly changing with the passing of time. Therefore, universal general doctrine of MLM can be applied in different countries only creatively. In this way, as Mao says, MLM takes particular shape through revolutionary application in different countries that manifest itself in specific program, strategy & tactics etc. of revolution of each country.

Like other countries, in Maoist movement of Bangladesh, dogmatism has caused big damage to MLM. The effort to defend MLM in dogmatist way fails to do that. This trend does not incorporate theory with the particularity of revolutionary practice. As a result, general discussion of theory/MLM becomes isolated from reality which do not resolve the specific debate, and never makes any higher synthesis. In this way it fails to develop line. But, the creative application of MLM, of course, is complex & arduous. That makes the risk of deviation from the principles of MLM also, which again always exists as a fundamental problem in struggle of defending MLM. So, we see, defense of MLM is connected to the correct realization of MLM; and the realization of MLM is connected to its creative application.

Defense of MLM, and its creative application is a contradiction. Its correct handling is very much important for defense & development of MLM. MLM can’t be defended in dogmatist & mechanical way; again creative application of MLM can’t occur by being derailed from the basic principles of MLM. This is why, in order to defend & apply MLM, it is very much important to know & take the side of its basic principles, connecting these theories to revolutionary practice and making creative development of that through concrete analysis of the concrete reality.

By coming at this point, the problem arises that what do we mean by principles of MLM, deviation from which means deviation from MLM? And what do we mean by creative application & development of that? The debate between these two is endless, which can be resolved only through the development of world revolution and reaching to communism. Here, from our experiences,we can put forward in short some of our ideas on making development of MLM.

* MLM is science, that is, science of revolution, which is developing like all other sciences. Actually, without developing, MLM cannot maintain its living character as science of revolution. For this very reason, once Marxism had developed to ML, and later to MLM. This is why, as Maoist, what we should recognize is that MLM compels to develop in course of & for the sake of world revolution firstly through resolving newer problems of world revolution ; secondly by summing up the limitations, weakness & deviations of past proletarian revolutions. These two are again inter-related problems.

But the main problem of defending MLM is the problem of its proper realization & correct application, not the problem of development of it, although their relation is dialectical. We do not make revolution to develop MLM, rather MLM develop through revolution. That means, we do not first develop MLM, then make revolution; rather start revolution on the basis of MLM and MLM develops for the sake of revolution through carrying it forward. Of course, this development of MLM does not occur spontaneously or automatically. It has to be made through summation & synthesis of experiences of revolution in course of arduous thinking, research & debate. But what is especially important is that, only the application of MLM for resolving the problems of revolution, can make develop that.

Because when we speak of the development of MLM, we say about no other thing but MLM. But it has been discussed before, and the experience of Maoist revolutionary movement of our country is that, without development the revolutionary line can’t be defended. Defense & development is a contradiction. Correct handling of it determines whether correct development of line will occur & through it revolution will be defended; or in the name of development, deviation from revolution will occur & at last revolution will fail. The same is applicable to the universal ideology of MLM. Only the development of MLM can defend MLM. But the resolution of the question is important of how can that development occur and how will we look at that.

Problem of development and problem of deviation from principle are often confused. What is the subject matter of principles of MLM? This is a wide & complex subject, and always is an fertile arena of hot debate. In spite of that, the fundamental basics are important which are the sources of all principles. MLM is the science of proletarian revolution, philosophy of which is dialectical materialism. Therefore, the irrefutable basic principle of MLM is to work for establishing classless society communism worldwide. Proletarian revolution is a world revolution; proletarian class is an international class whose interest is identical worldwide ; therefore in ideology, politics & organization internationalism is the fundamental aspect of its ideology. And, as MLM is the science of revolution so that is established on the basis of the principle of violence viz., revolutionary dictatorship. But, the resolution of these basic principles is not at all simple.

For more than long hundred & fifty years, Marxism has been developed through fighting against innumerable erroneous thinking, ideas, policy, tactics etc. which has been ultimately concentrated in theoretical struggle. Therefore, during this long period, the treasure of Marxism has been enriched by many important theories which has established the basic principles of MLM. This is why, to defend MLM means to support & take side of its fundamental theories and develop MLM on that basis. But theory also is not eternal; many theories are not final and theory is of developing characteristics. Many apparently correct theories break down in course of times & situation. It becomes necessary to change it for the sake of its basic outlook. On the other side, incompleteness remains in basically correct theory, even sometimes some erroneous aspects lie in that. Therefore, new theories not only enrich the treasury of MLM, but sometimes raise basic theory to higher stage by negating old theory. So, as Mao taught us, on development of MLM we must “pull down the lot from the head and set the machine in motion”.

Revolutionary Maoists must dare to think, have to be vanguard in waging research & debate by putting ahead the necessity of advancing proletarian revolution and resolving the problems of that. Revolutionary line, theory, doctrine is that which will advance international interest and world revolution of the proletariat for the sake of proletarian class. Its final solution is possible in the furnace of revolutionary practice, though primarily it is resolved through theoretical debate & struggle. During the imperialist era, proletarian revolution is taking the domestic form. Therefore the task of developing MLM starts through carrying out revolution of particular country as a part of world revolution. But the concrete experience of concrete country and the internationalist ideology are not the same. There exists a contradiction here too. MLM is a doctrine & ideology of international character. This is why, it is very much important how the particular experiences develop this general ideology.

Generalization from particular is a long coursed matter, which can proceed only through the complex process of synthesis & generalization. On the other hand, MLM can’t develop nationally, because that is international, and that can’t develop domestically for a particular country until it develops as general theory of international sphere.. It is directly related to the internationalist character of our ideology. The creative application of MLM in each successful revolution enrich the experience, knowledge & armory of the international proletariat.

But even it is so, there is no guarantee that general lessons of international significance will come. And if some lessons of international significance come, that obligatorily does not make development of our universal ideology. That means, the creative application of MLM in a particular country or some lessons of international significance erupted from that, and the development of MLM is not the same. Because, MLM is an universal proletarian ideology that is manifested in its theories. So, development of MLM means the development in these theories, what is of qualitative character. The role of such new theoretical contributions that enrich MLM, can be said quantitative development in the context of MLM. Because, in that case too, MLM immediately does not reach to new stage until as a whole that is raised to qualitatively new stage in all its three basic components.

* After the setback of communist movement worldwide in ’76, almost 30 years have passed when there is no socialist country in the world. After the total setback of revolutionary movement of 60′s/70′s various changes have occurred in world situation. Some of the most important things of those are — collapse of Soviet-led imperialist bloc and emergence of US-led unipolar imperialist camp, massive penetration of imperialism in third world countries especially through “globalization”, “liberalization” & “privatization”, massive development & change in technology, communication and transport system including computer — etc. All these have brought different new thinking in the rank of revolutionary Maoists in case of functioning of imperialism, socio-economic change of third world, strategy & tactics of revolution etc.

In the context of the problems of imperialist penetration, development of technology, change in classes & transformations in agriculture in our country, our party has specified our whole economy including agriculture as “imperialist depended distorted capitalism”, instead of ‘semi-feudalism’. This has created wide debate in Maoist movement. This is true that, still we haven’t been able to place this line-position on a good theoretical basis.

But our party assume that important changes have occurred in principal contradiction ( contradiction between feudal land lord class & the peasants), class orientation in rural areas(especially feudal land lord class), & the central question of program (seizure of land of feudal land lords & distributing those lands to the tillers) – which were the classical Maoist lines. Though we think that the stage of revolution is New Democratic, rural area is the main arena, peasants is the main force, and ‘land to the tillers” — these should continue. Whatever the final conclusion on this question may be in our country & worldwide Maoist movement, strongly this position is being expressed in Maoist movement of this country that now existing situation is not like China of 40′s or India of 60′s; and we have to very much emphatically analyze imperialist penetration in the whole economy including agriculture and the transformations created by that (which is related with the functioning of imperialism world-wide), and we have to raise the Maoist line to a higher level in our country. Likewise, on strategy, the discussions going on among the Maoists in our country is related to the research & debates in the international arena.

Even in the 60′s & 70′s, com. CM & com. SS said about simultaneous armed struggle in rural and urban areas, and they applied that. Com. SS applied countrywide armed struggle & armed general strike and he strongly raised about armed insurrection. Of course in that period, and even till last part of last century in long period of Maoist struggle the question of Base Area has been neglected in this country, what in our opinion, acted as a big reason behind not developing a successful people’s war. In spite of that, we assume simultaneous armed struggle in both rural & urban areas, countrywide people’s war, intervention in national politics & tactical program, connecting insurrection with protracted people’s war etc as very much important.

In this case, we consider the experiences of PW of Nepal with very much importance. It is also our idea that, revolution can’t be successfully carried forward in today’s changed situation by taking & applying Chinese experience conservatively & traditionally, although we think that PPW and Rural Base should be continued firmly as strategy. But it needs development in the light of above-mentioned subjects. Moreover our party firmly thinks that, this development is related to imperialist penetration in 3rd world & as a result, new changes in socio-economic conditions – computer, technology etc. are several manifestations of that only. Although it is disputed whether the economy will be characterised as “semi feudal” or “imperialist depended distorted capitalism “.

Apart from the above mentioned discussed points, the fundamental question that is knocking the door of world proletariat is the question of proletarian dictatorship. Real possibility of victory of the proletarian revolution in Nepal has been created, which may again carry world proletariat into the experience of dictatorship of proletariat after a long period of time. In the last century, despite the great, glorious & huge advancement in the socialist states under the proletarian dictatorship, a few time have passed when immediate after the absence of especially main leadership, revolution defeated. The question of summing up this has been raised. What Mao had initiated during the GPCR, must be carried forward and developed. But this question of development is of MLM, of revolution, i.e. proletarian dictatorship and proletarian internationalism; nothing opposite.

* Therefore, revolutionary Maoists must have to face these questions with free mind. Mao said, Marxism is wrangling-ism. As Maoists, we must have to be brave to carry debate on newer questions for the sake of proletarian world revolution. And, only in that course, line of revolution will develop, revolution will win & advance and development of our ideology will also occur. Certainly theoretical work will have to be advanced and development of theory will also occur. But that should be done by standing on fundamental theoretical base of Marxism; by preserving the valuable & historical teachings which were bought by huge sacrifice,labour & blood of revolution of one & half century.

In the name of creative application or development of Marxism, its basic truth is often rejected, or deviation from that occurs what acts as the basis of rejection of revolution totally later on. Innumerable times in the history of one hundred & fifty years of Marxism, it has been seen. Many times it has been seen in the history of Maoist movement of Bangladesh too, revolution has been rejected in the name of correcting error of line. On the other hand, revolution could not be defended without developing line.

Rather, through dogmatism that became reformism or intellectual theory-discussion divorced from revolutionary practice, or even vulgar revisionism. This is why, the correct handling of this contradiction is very much important. And that only can be done by not in any way deviating from proletarian class interest & class character, proletarian internationalism, revolution viz., proletarian dictatorship and the final goal of world-wide communism. And, if deviation happens, it can be done by developing polite & brave, self-reviewing & self-critical spirit to rectify it as soon as possible.

World is changing constantly. Regular development & up-grading of theory is needed in accordance with that. That can be possible by taking part in revolutionary transformation of the world for the sake of world proletariat, by making Marxist summation of experiences and by taking that again in revolutionary practice. Only after numerous rotation in that course, knowledge about a concrete question can achieve completeness.

– November, ’04

Escalating repression by MAS regime in Bolivia





Indigenous Guaraní in Bolivia claim police brutally attacked them on Tuesday, August 18, as they protested the government’s efforts to explore their lands for oil. The Guaraní people, who reside in southern states of Tarija, Santa Cruz, and Chuiquisaca, say heavily armed police officers used tear gas on women, children, and the elderly, while they stood at a blockade on the road that connects Santa Cruz with Yacuíba. According to local media reports, police officers then forcibly entered the homes of protesters who had run back to their village to avoid arrest.+ Beginning at 6 a.m. local time on Tuesday, approximately 1,000 Guaraní people from the local community blocked traffic on the road.

They called for President Evo Morales to respect the Constitution, which mandates a public consultation prior to exploration projects on lands where indigenous groups live. “They entered directly into dwellings in the Yateirenda community. This is already getting out of hand; they are attacking the dignity of our homes,” said Coca Hijino, a representative of the indigenous group in Takovo Mora. “Just imagine, the children have all fainted. Something has to be done, because [the privacy of] our homes is being directly violated.”

Over the last few weeks, the Guaraní community has organized demonstrations in protest of operations in El Dorado by state-run oil company Bolivian Treasury Petroleum Fields (YPFB). They are demanding the national government repeal Decrees 2298, 2195, 2366, and 2368, which allow the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbon resources in protected areas.

via Panamerican Post

According to Bolivian Maoists

“The Morales government is in a worrying situation, the boom in international oil prices is over and it now urgently needs to deepen its extractive policy, ie its dependence on the imperialist market and the deepening of the country’s status as an exporter of raw materials. For this reason it has launched several decrees to explore for oil in protected areas, which is why the public consultations on projects affecting indigenous territories are an obstacle, because it is offering awards to imperialist capital to come to Bolivia to do business, for these reasons it is attacking NGOs who oppose these policies, even if these NGOs are not strategic enemies and have no fundamental contradictions with the state or government..

This is the current situation of the government; to ensure its program to exploit raw materials and agriculture in the interest of imperialist capital it needs to suppress any dissent and opposition and is ready to violently repress the struggles of the people, it must further centralize the power and control of state institutions as it is doing, silence dissenting voices in the media and strengthen its repressive apparatus as it constantly does. This is part of the implementation of the corporate fascist program and strategically, a part of the deepening of bureaucratic capitalism that ultimately leads to greater imperialist exploitation.”


HPG releases balance sheet of war for one month


HPG (People’s Defense Forces) Press Office has released the balance sheet of war in Kurdistan for the last one month. HPG remarked that Erdoğan and the AKP government started a war against the Kurdistan people revolutionary democratic forces after suspending the negotiation process in the face of the success achieved by the people of North Kurdistan in June 7 election. HPG said this war concept, which had already begun with the aggravated isolation on Kurdish leader Abdullah Öcalan, reached a further dimension with the comprehensive attacks launched against the Kurdish movement as of July 24. The statement pointed out that the airstrikes and operations against guerrilla forces in Medya Defense Zones have been conducted as part of the most intense annihilation war of recent years.

Recalling that the Turkish airstrikes have also targeted many civilian settlements, as a result of which eight local people were killed in Qandil’s Zergelê village, HPG said Turkish security forces on the other hand attacked and murdered youths resisting to the attacks in Silvan, Varto, Silopi and Cizre in Northern Kurdistan. HPG stated that guerrillas responded with effective actions to these massacres and attacks which targeted the democratic will of Kurdistan and Turkey peoples in Northern Kurdistan and the annihilation strikes against guerrilla areas in South Kurdistan. HPG listed the following figures of the balance sheet of the war since July 24;

Reconnaissance flights by unmanned aerial vehicles: 44

Operations by Turkish army and clashes: 62

Strikes by Cobra type helicopters: 25

Tank, mortar and howitzer attacks: 217

Airstrikes by jets: 87, 15 of which were conducted in Northern Kurdistan and 72 in Medya Defense Zones

Actions by guerrilla forces: 191

Soldiers killed in actions and clashes: 394

Soldiers wounded in actions and clashes: 142

Police officers killed: 16

Police officers wounded: 36

Special operation members killed: 61

Special operation members wounded: 33

Vehicles damaged: 63, including 10 helicopters and 3 tanks

Vehicles destroyed: 50, including 2 tanks

Vehicles burnt down: 74

Road closure actions: 50

HPG said guerrillas also seized a large quantity of ammunition belonging to Turkish forces. While the results of 54 actions conducted by guerrillas couldn’t be verified, the actions of self-sacrifice in Van, Adana, Ağrı-Bazid and Istanbul are not included in the figures announced in the balance sheet. HPG said 42 guerrillas lost their lives during the past one month, among whom 18 were martyred in operations and clashes, 16 in airstrikes and 8 in actions of self-sacrifice. The statement reported that 32 civilians lost their lives in the attacks of the Turkish army in Northern Kurdistan and Zergelê massacre in South Kurdistan since July 24.

Via ANF News



by Editorial Board, For a Proletarian Party

1. An All India strike has been called on 2nd September, 2015 by 11 central trade unions to oppose the onslaught of Central Government on the workers and other toiling people. These 11 Central TU.s include not only the so called left central trade unions like CITU, AITUC, UTUC etc, but also the central trade unions like INTUC and BMS affiliated with the ruling class parties like Congress(I) and BJP. On the other hand, AICCTU affiliated with CPI(ML) Liberation is also member of these alliance of central TUs.

These Central TUs have put in a 12 point charter of demands which include urgent measures for containing price rise, stoppage of disinvestment, stoppage of contractorisation in perennial jobs, minimum wage of Rs 15000, and others. The strike is also against FDI in Railways, Insurance and Defence and against labour law amendments.

2. It is beyond doubt that the present Central Government led by Narendra Modi has embarked upon a tremendous attack on the livelihoods of the workers and other toiling people of India in the name of economic reforms. Labour laws are being amended to give the capitalists increased power to “hire and fire” workers at their will. More and more sectors of economy are being flung open for the loot of imperialist capital and Indian big bourgeoisie. The remaining public sector companies are being sold off to the Indian and Foreign big capital at heavy discount. Social security expenditures are being further curtailed, etc.

3. This attack was more or less expected because from the beginning of the run-up of last parliamentary election, it was evident that the big bourgeoisie was very keen to put their trusted lieutenant Narendra Modi at the helm of governmental power. Though, the present attack is an integral part of the attack of Globalisation and Liberalisation which is continuing for past 25 years or so, in terms of ferocity it is much bigger than which was continuing in immediate past.

The BJP led Central Government has began this onslaught to serve their masters, the big bourgeoisie, who are trying to wriggle out of the crisis they are in, by transferring the burden of crisis on the shoulders of working class and toiling people. Nobody can doubt that not only there should be a fitting protest against this tremendous attack, what is needed is a resistance struggle of the working class to stop this onslaught

4. However, the experience of last 25 years or so has also shown clearly that the parties with which these central trade unions are affiliated, have been in State or Central Governments on various occasions and were hand in gloves with the ruling classes in implementing the policies of Globalisation-Liberalisation for the benefit of Indian big bourgeoisie and imperialist capital.

Moreover, in this period, these central trade unions, especially the left trade unions, organized numerous such one-day All India industrial strikes, but did not try to build struggle against the onslaught of the capitalists at the plant level. Rather, in states like West Bengal, where they were in governmental power for long years, they actively colluded with the mill owners in their attack on the workers and also forced the workers to surrender to the onslaught of the mill owners. There cannot be any doubt that without fighting the capitalists at the factory level, the united, nationwide struggle against the concerted attack of the capitalist class and their representative, the governments, cannot be built up. So, such call for All India Strike, while betraying the struggle of workers at the plant level, is nothing but an eye wash and a policy to cover up their pro-capitalist role and is aimed at winning over the workers to their side by hoodwinking them.

5. Advising the supposedly handful of workers under their command, not to be get posed as strike breakers, given the present condition, is one thing, but the communist revolutionary groups in general are being found to support this all India industrial strike of 2nd September in its actual spirit. Presumably, they feel that this strike with all limitations is a struggle against the policies of the Government, where on the contrary the workers in general seem to remain apathetic towards such routine one-day strikes. It is inevitable because, from their experience, the workers are convinced about the futility of these strikes and also about the conspiracies of the old parties and their unions.

The communist revolutionary groups fail to recognize that these Central Trade Unions neither have any intention, nor any capacity for building up a real resistance struggle against the policies of the government. Rather, with such strikes they are hoodwinking the workers and keeping them within their fold. There cannot be any doubt only by developing a real resistance struggle of the working class in alliance with other toiling masses, the onslaught of the ruling classes can be resisted and that struggle cannot be built up by the working class if it does not make itself free from the influences of these old trade unions and parties. If these strikes are mistaken as struggle, it will impede the workers to free themselves from the harmful influence of these Unions and Parties, especially the reformist-revisionist parties and their unions, and to prepare themselves for real nationwide united struggle in the days to come.

6. There can be no doubt that only a united and nationwide struggle of the working class and other toiling people, not such so called struggles organized from above by the old parties and their unions, can resist this tremendous onslaught of the ruling classes. However, we are passing through a period where there has not been existence of any real working class party in our country for a long time. The existence of such party also would have meant the presence, to an extent, of a certain amount of unity of struggling workers in an all India level and that party would have facilitated the united and nationwide struggle of the working class now in the absence of the said party there can be no way for building nationwide resistance struggle other than from the growth of plant level struggle and organization against the individual capitalists, where they are shed off long passivity and prepare themselves for the bigger offensive

The workers must free themselves from the old unions, old parties and build up their own struggle, own organization. The process has just started and still is very weak. The communists who really want to work for the revival of working class movement in our country must help the workers to build up their own struggle and own organization at the plant level and also help the leading workers to get united in an all India plane. Any support to these so called struggles of the old parties will help to retain their influences on the workers, however weak and hollow that may be.

People’s War in India Clippings 26/8/2015


Naxal attack: Three BSF jawans killed in Odisha

Three Border Security Force (BSF) jawans were killed and six were injured on Wednesday after a Maoist ambush on a BSF party near Sukma-Malkangiri border in Chitrakonda, Odisha. BSF DG DK Pathak will later reach the spot to take stock of the situation. According to reports, the BSF party was securing an under-construction bridge when they were attacked by the Maoists. Further details awaited.

Naxalites gun down Salwa Judum member in Bijapur

Pidu Korsa was last night killed by suspected ultras at the Nayapara relief camp under Bijapur police station, according to a senior police official. A 45-year-old man who was an active member of the now-disbanded Salwa Judum was shot dead by suspected naxalites in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Bijapur district, police said today. Pidu Korsa was last night killed by suspected ultras at the Nayapara relief camp under Bijapur police station, a senior police official told PTI.

According to the official, villagers said that a group of armed rebels stormed the Nayapara relief camp, located around 3-km away from Bijapur town, and pumped bullets into Korsa, killing him on the spot. Security forces were this morning dispatched to the scene of the attack, the official said, adding that Korsa’s body has been sent for a post-mortem. A manhunt has been launched to nab the attackers, who escaped into the jungles after carrying out the attack, he added.

Odisha: 2 ‘Red Ultras’ Suspected To Be Killed In Koraput

An hour-long exchange of fire has been reported from Koraput today. Koraput SP Charan Singh Meena informed a local media channel that the Maoists suddenly resorted to firing on the police combing operation team in the Majhiguda jungle under Baipariguda police limits in the Maoist-infested district. The fierce gun battle between the two sides lasted for one hour.