The struggles of the poor peasantry and agricultural proletariat on the road to their true emancipation-PCRV

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In recent years in the context of a revolutionary upsurge taking place in Upper Volta, called Burkina Faso, new social strata are contributing to the widening and radicalization of the struggles of the revolutionary and democratic movement, which is shaking the neocolonial system in crisis and bankruptcy. In the massive struggles taking place in the country, particularly in those organized by the Coalition against the High Cost of Living, Fraud and Impunity and for freedoms, the small businesses, the informal sector in urban areas, the women and the peasantry are increasingly joining the demonstrations for their specific demands. Thus, in these generalized struggles the poor peasants, particularly those in the areas of export crops such as cotton, controlled by the multinationals and the local bourgeoisie, are launching manifold movements to express their legitimate demands. The Burkina Faso countryside is gradually becoming a focus of struggle.

How broad is the peasant movement in Burkina? What is its place and its role in the revolutionary process for national and social liberation? We point out some elements of these important issues at a time when the dissemination of the Agrarian Program of the Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta (PCRV) is being greeted enthusiastically by the revolutionary masses and the peasants of the country.

Let us first examine the characteristics of the peasantry in the neocolonial context.

Capitalism and neocolonialism are the source of the evils suffered by the poor peasants and agricultural workers

Upper Volta, called Burkina Faso, is a backward, agricultural neocolonial country, where feudal remnants persist; it is dominated by imperialism, particularly French imperialism, which relies on such reactionary social classes and strata as the political-bureaucratic bourgeoisie, the comprador bourgeoisie and the vestiges of the feudal forces. This fundamental characteristic of the country is reflected on the economic plane by the predominance of the agricultural sector. More than 85% of the population lives in rural areas. In the backward agricultural sector, subsistence economy predominates, but depends on the neocolonial policy of French imperialism and its local allies. Therefore, agriculture is largely oriented towards cash crop (cotton, peanuts, sugar cane, soybeans, etc.), it is not free from the fetters of the pre-capitalist economic forms subordinated to the needs of finance capital. This implies a dependency of the peasant economy under the yoke of merchant and usurious capital. The logical consequence of this orientation of agricultural is the growing exploitation and oppression of the peasants, and the methods of production remain essentially archaic. The development of capitalism in agriculture as well as of finance capital in the countryside have caused class differences among the peasantry of Upper Volta.

Therefore, there are many poor peasants without technical, material and financial means who live in miserable conditions on small plots of land. Some cannot even live off their crops and are forced to work for the rich peasants or on large capitalist farms: they are the ones who form the agricultural proletariat, which is brutally exploited and suffers under miserable living conditions.

Some data illustrate the characteristics of agriculture in Burkina Faso:

* 84.3% of the peasants are illiterate.

* 73% of households use rudimentary work tools such as the “daba” (small hand hoe).

* Only three peasants out of a thousand own a tractor.

* 84% of peasants do not have any means of transport and continue carrying their merchandise on their heads.

* Only one in a thousand has a motor-pump for irrigation.

* With over 3.5 million hectares of cropland, only 20,000 have irrigation, that is, 0.6%.

* With over nine million hectares of arable land, only 3.5 million are cultivated.

Given this appalling poverty, there are a small number of rich peasants with large fields, modern means of cultivation and livestock. They are the rural bourgeoisie whose interests are linked to the vestiges of the feudal forces, to the foreign capitalists and the capitalists of Upper Volta and the neocolonial state. The agricultural policy implemented under the direction of the international financial institutions, such as the World Bank, IMF and WTO, consisting mainly of structural adjustment programs, lead to serious consequences.

We summarize:

* Liquidations, decline in value, privatization of state companies. Among others are the National Grain Agency (OFNACER), National Company for Marketing Rice (SONACOR), Price Stabilization Fund for Agricultural Products (CSPPA), National Center for Agricultural Equipment (CNEA), etc.. These measures have led to massive layoffs and downsizing.

* The State ignores the plight of the peasants and of agricultural production by blocking the recruitment of engineers, technicians and agricultural personnel since 1991, as well as eliminating aid and support to production.

* The development of export crops (to the detriment of food crops) to obtain the hard currency needed to pay the debts incurred by the State with the IMF and the new rural bourgeoisie. The land is well prepared for the development of big agricultural business for the benefit of multinationals such as AIGLON / SOPROFA, AIGLON HOLDING and the new rural bourgeoisie.

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The usurpation of the land and the expropriation of the rural poor for the benefit of the multinationals and the local bourgeoisie

We are witnessing the development of capitalism in agriculture by applying a whole series of administrative and economic measures that lead to the looting of the country’s agricultural resources and the growing impoverishment of the small peasants for the benefit the large agricultural companies. The neocolonial state has imposed a new law on agricultural and real estate organization (RAF), adopted in June 2009. This law is based on the same logic of the former bourgeois and anti-popular decree of the regime of the Second Republic in early 1970: “The land for those who can work it.” Basing themselves on this law, the rich, the leaders in power, the top ranks of the colonial army and the businessmen have seized the land. They have monopolized large domains, thousands of hectares of the fertile regions of the country and of the areas with water resources.

The relations in these areas have deteriorated progressively. The land that was once a vital asset for the people is now commercialized. The owners of these lands were obliged, sometimes by force, to cede them. This causes conflicts in the communities since the property was still communal. Those who had been given land to work have been deprived of them overnight. They form the reserve of the future agricultural laborers for large farms of the rural bourgeoisie, at the head of which are the Chief of State Blaise Compaore and his clan of gangsters made up of his family and his closest allies. The fertile lands of the east, west and southwest regions of the country are the target of these predators to create smallholdings to the detriment of the local population. To better control the peasants, they have created peasant organizations manipulated by the authorities, such as the Burkinabe Peasant Confederation and the National Union of Cotton Producers, both led by landowners.

However, the poor peasantry has not remained idle faced with such exploitation and oppression that is causing the misery that they suffer daily. The peasants and the local population are joining the struggle to express their own demands against the cotton companies SOCOMA, SOFITEX and FASO COTTON.

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The struggle of the poor peasantry and the agricultural proletariat and the alternative for a true emancipation

Faced with great misery, exploitation and oppression, the peasant masses are developing diverse forms of struggles that are shaking the passivity of the countryside. The great struggles of the democratic and revolutionary movement against impunity for economic and blood crimes of the gangster regime of the Republic, against the high cost of living and for democratic freedoms, have a positive influence on the peasant masses. This is despite the divisive maneuvers of the authorities to keep the population under the burden of backward customs supported by the remnants of the feudal forces. The class struggle is gradually spreading to the rural areas, especially where agricultural wage labor predominates, as in cotton and sugarcane. In these struggles the young people are showing a great fighting spirit.

In 2011, a year of great popular struggles in all the economic and social sectors of the country, the peasants in the cotton-growing areas waged multiple struggles (demonstrations in the streets and markets) including insurrectionary movements to boycott the cultivation of cotton, for a fair purchase price for their crops, etc., since the Inter-Professional Cotton Association of Burkina AICB imposes the ridiculous price of cotton of less than 1 euro per kilo…

These struggles have been violently repressed by police forces to prevent the destruction of crops by the angry peasants. The peasants are arbitrarily arrested and held in police centers to prevent the rise of the social movements. But this crackdown has not undermined the determination of the producers, who are organizing to demand the release of their arrested comrades as well as for their demands.

The PCRV strongly supports these struggles and is carrying out work of agitation and propaganda to strengthen and improve the organization of the peasant movement. The party, on the basis of Marxism-Leninism is analyzing the characteristics of the economic and social reality of the country, and has developed its agricultural program to guide its activities to mobilize and organize the poor peasantry and the agricultural proletariat. The PCRV is the only political party that in its political program actually addresses the great popular aspirations whose realization is made impossible by the rule of the country by French imperialism and its local allies. In this struggle for the winning of political freedom and total emancipation, the working class has as its main ally the poor peasantry, without which it will not achieve its final objective. Similarly, without the working class led by the party, the poor peasantry despite their numerical importance will not achieve a correct revolutionary solution to their problems. The revolutionary alliance of the working class and the peasantry under the PCRV is the key to the struggle to achieve political freedom, for the National Democratic and Popular Revolution (NDPR).

In the process of this struggle, particularly in a context of the revolutionary crisis in our country for ten years, the party calls on the people to organize independent of the reactionary forces, to fight for bread and freedom, to fight for the realization of the urgent demands of the social and popular classes and strata summarized in the Party Program. The immediate struggle for these partial demands will contribute to improving the living and working conditions of the popular masses, especially the poor peasants. In its agrarian Program, the PCRV summarized the demands of the peasant.

“To eliminate the remnants of the old feudal system and in the interest of a free development of the class struggle in the countryside, to resolutely mobilize, organize and lead the peasant masses in the struggle for the achievement of the NDPR, the PCRV is fighting to achieve the following demands:

“1) Abolition of all penal servitude (“corvee”), the institutions and all forms of feudal and semi-feudal oppression and exploitation, particularly in the east and north of the country (Mossi Plateau, Yatenga, Gourma, Djelgodi, Liptako)

. “2) Right to organize peasant unions.

“3) Elimination of mortgages and debt bondage over the land and crops. Free disposition by the peasants of their land and crops. Nullification and prohibition of usurious loans and contracts of a feudal nature.

“4) Elimination of unfair taxes and rates on the peasants. Prohibition of confiscation and sale of the property of the peasants, of imprisonment or forced labor (in the fields of the feudals and “notables”, of the chiefs, of cleaning of public places, etc.) for inability to pay taxes. Elimination of tax collectors and repressive methods to collect taxes in the countryside.

“5) Canals, reservoirs and water dams at the expense of the State in sufficient quantity and quality for the land of the peasants and livestock owners. Agricultural equipment, fertilizers, seeds and insecticides at affordable prices in relation to the purchasing power of the peasants.

“6) Confiscation and division among the poor peasants of the warehoused rice, maize, millet, etc., seized by the usurers and speculators. Actual handover to the peasants of the provisions and aid released or received to help fight against famine and natural calamities.

“The PCRV is resolutely struggling to group the agricultural proletariat into an independent class organization, to lead it to take a firm position between its interests and those of the rural bourgeoisie, the political-bureaucratic bourgeoisie, the comprador and the foreign capitalists. Thus the agricultural proletariat, under the leadership of the party, can play its vanguard role in the countryside and for the achievement of the NDPR as the transitional stage towards full revolution, the only way to do away with all exploitation and misery.

“In short, the revolutionary alliance of the working class and peasantry under the leadership of the PCRV is the only way to guarantee better living conditions of the poor peasants and the agricultural workers, for the revolutionary and consistent solution to their fundamental problems and those of all the people.

“Bread and freedom for the people!

“Long live the revolutionary alliance of the working class and peasantry under the leadership of the Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta!”

Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta-2014

Source

Statement of CNR-MUN (Conseil National pour la Résistance-Mouvement Umnyobiste) on Burkina Faso Uprising

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Le Mouvement Umnyobiste salue la chute du régime sanguinaire du Capitaine Compaoré et dénonce les vélléités recupératrices de la révolution par des forces obscurantistes nationales et internationales

Le Conseil National pour la Résistance – Mouvement Umnyobiste (CNR-MUN), Mouvement politique anti-impérialiste et panafricaniste, continue de suivre avec une attention particulière, le mouvement insurrectionnel déclenché le 28 Octobre 2014, et en cours d’achèvement au Burkina Faso. Ce Mouvement a vu, la prise de tous les symboles de l’Etat Burkinabè, le 30 Octobre à Ouagadougou, par les forces plus que jamais déterminées à chasser l’assassin de Thomas Sankara, Dabo Boukary et Norbert Zongo du pouvoir…

Le Capitaine Compaoré est désormais retranché dans son bunker du palais Kossyam, et protégé par sa garde prétorienne lourdement armée, commandée par le lugubre Gilbert Diendéré, le chef d’état major particulier homme de main et des coups bas du Capitaine-Président. Ce dernier dit avoir “renoncé à son projet de changement de la constitution” et a annoncé dans la foulée,”la dissolution du gouvernement” et a invité l’opposition au dialogue”. Trop tard, le train de la révolution est déjà parti et roule à vive allure. Impossible de l’arrêter.

Le chien ne change jamais la facon de s’asseoir!

Si le Capitaine Blaise Compaoré qui dit “avoir compris” les revendications de la rue, fait profil bas et fait des annonces spectaculaires à la 25ième heure, on peut légitimement se poser des questions sur la sincérité de cette humilité soudaine et tardive de Compaoré face au mouvement populaire qui déferle sur Ouagadougou et le Burkina Faso. Compaoré qui est un adepte de Machiavel, a montré qu’il sait gagner du temps pour reprendre ses forces et prendre ses adversaires au dépourvu. C’est le secret de sa longévité au pouvoir: la ruse avec le peuple!

En l’an 2000, le Capitaine Compaoré est à deux doigts de perdre le pouvoir suite aux manifestations populaires organisées par le Collectif des Organisations Démocratiques de Masse et de Partis Politiques, à la suite de l’assassinat du journaliste Norbert Zongo. Il fait profil bas et organise une ‘journée national du pardon’ à Ouagadougou, en Mars 2000, en présence de tous les anciens présidents du Burkina Faso. Le capitaine demande alors, les larmes (de crocodile) aux yeux, ‘pardon au peuple’ pour ses crimes. C’était une pirouette pour gagner du temps. Le Capitaine-Président réussira à se maintenir et reprit très vite ses ‘mauvaises habitudes’, une fois la contestation assagie. L’histoire récente du Burkina instruit donc, légitimement, le peuple Burkinabè à la vigilance et à n’accorder aucun crédit aux propositions de la 25ième heure du putschiste-machiavélique Blaise Compaoré…

La CEDEAO et Ouattara veulent sauver le soldat Blaise

… Comment ne pas s’interroger sur l’attitude de la CEDEAO, qui après avoir gardé le mutisme face à l’entêtement de Blaise Compaoré de modifier l’article 37 de la constitution Burkinabè, essaie maintenenant que les carottes sont cuites pour Blaise Compaoré, de revenir sur les devants de la scène, pour ‘sauver le soldat Blaise’, après la prise de tous les symboles du pouvoir par les manifestants à Ouagadougou. Visiblement le pouvoir d’Alassane Dramane Ouattara en Cote d’Ivoire, est à la manoeuvre pour essayer de sauver son parrain Blaise Compaoré, en essayant d’activer la CEDEAO , la Francophonie et l’Union Africaine pour ‘empêcher une prise de pouvoir par la force au Burkina Faso’. Nous sommes convaincu que le peuple Burkinabè qui a une longue tradition de luttes multiformes, ne se laissera pas voler sa révolution! Le peuple Burkinabè est libre et souverain et doit décider de son avenir et surtout des hommes et des femmes aptes à conduire le pays pour une transition vers la démocratie…n’en déplaise à des médiateurs autoproclamés et des récupérateurs et opportunistes de tout bords.

Face à la situation créée le 30 Octobre au Burkina Faso, le Conseil National pour la Resistance – Mouvement Umnyobiste (CNR-MUN):

1. S’incline respectueusement sur la mémoire de tous les martyrs de la révolution du 30 octobre, pour la liberté et la démocratie, dans differentes villes du Burkina Faso, et présente ses condoléances aux familles des victimes;

2. Salue la détermination et l’héroisme du peuple Burkinabè qui ont permis de mettre fin au régime dictatorial sanguinaire du Capitaine Blaise Compaoré;

3. Renouvelle son soutien ferme à la révolution du 30 Octobre au Burkina Faso et à l’ensemble des forces démocratiques et sociales qui conduisent ce mouvement, en particulier dont les forces de Gauche représentées par le PDS/Metba, le Front Progressiste Sankariste et le PCRV;

4. Dénonce les manoeuvres récupératrices des forces obscurantistes nationales et internationales, tapies dans l’ombre, parmis lesquelles l’aile réactionnaire de l’armée burkinabè, le régime illégitime d’Alassame Draname Ouattara, la CEDEAO et la Francophonie, qui essayent de voler le peuple Burkinabè de la révolution du 30 octobre, pour maintenir le Capitaine Compaoré au pouvoir. Ceci est totalement inacceptable!

5. Décide de dépêcher sans délais, une délégation du Mouvement Umnyobiste à Ouagadougou, pour soutenir les forces démocratiques Burkinabè en général, et ses alliés de la Gauche Africaine en particulier.

Honneurs et gloire à la jeunesse et au peuple fier du Burkina Faso!

La lutte continue Unis et solidaires, pour la Patrie et l’Afrique nous vaincrons

Fait à Berlin, ce 30 Octobre 2014

Source

People’s War in India Clippings 31/10/2014

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CRPF begins to leave Maharashtra’s Maoist-affected districts for Chhattisgarh

NEW DELHI: To ensure seamless coordination between forces across state borders and maintain a single command chain in any given area in the Naxal-affected zones, the government has begun the process to completely remove CRPF from Maharashtra’s Maoist districts. CRPF battalions posted in Gadchiroli are now being moved to Bastar in Chhattisgarh to bolster force presence in the Naxal heartland. The Maharashtra districts will now be manned by ITBP personnel who are already present in the contiguous district of Rajnandgaon in Chhattisgarh.

The idea is to put greater pressure on CPI (Maoist) which is on the back foot owing to a series of surrenders in the recent past, said sources. In the present arrangement, CRPF is present in Bastar along with ITBP leading to creation of two command chains and thus difficulty in conducting coordinated operation. Then again the CRPF battalions in Gadchiroli are cut off from Chhattisgarh as Rajnandgaon, the Chhattisgarh district adjacent to Gadchiroli, is under ITBP’s operational control.

As Maoists regularly move across borders, the new arrangement will help movement of forces. “The decision is also inspired by the view that we need more Maoist battle-trained forces in Bastar as that’s where Naxals still have considerable influence. Maharashtra police has by and large done a very good job in driving out Maoists from Gadchiroli and the district is largely peaceful barring stray incidences of violence. Such situation is ideal for ITBP to take over as they will get some headway to build their own network and get into the groove,” said a home ministry official. The plan, however, has been opposed by Maharashtra government which is reluctant to disturb a well-established and successful arrangement. “The state government feels it would have to start from scratch as far as coordinating with a central force is concerned,” said the official. The plan was mooted by UPA regime and has been put into action by the NDA government.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/CRPF-begins-to-leave-Maharashtras-Maoist-affected-districts-for-Chhattisgarh/articleshow/44989439.cms

Naxals making Gadchiroli boys steal gelatine

Facing shortage of ingredients to make explosives, Naxals in Gadchiroli have employed a new trick. They are now sending young boys to work at stone quarries in Chennai and Bangalore, and getting them to pilfer gelatine from there. This has come out in the interrogation of one of the recently arrested Naxal operatives, according toa senior official. “They have been facing a lot of shortage of gelatine over the past two years. So, they have lured some local boys to work in the quarries at Bangalore and Chennai. These boys work there for a few months before decamping with gelatine sticks to return to Gadchiroli.

All this is done on behalf of the Naxals by a handler based somewhere in the border between Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. The handler then brings the stolen material to the Naxals,” the official said. The police are working on details of the boys sent out by the handler as well as the handler himself. “We have got names of 60 boys so far. We would soon be talking to some of them,” the official said. Asked if the boys return to the quarries, the official said: “They generally don’t. A new batch is then sent for the job. We are ascertaining how much gelatine has come in.”

http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/naxals-making-gadchiroli-boys-steal-gelatine/

Details on Killing of Police informer in Malkangiri

The Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres killed a tribal youth in Malkangiri District on October 30, suspecting him to be a ‘Police informer’, reports The Pioneer. According to reports, a group of 10 to 15 Maoists reached Panimetala village in the night of October 29 and abducted Bhima Madhi (27), whose bullet-ridden body was found lying on the main road near MPV-31 village by the villagers in the early morning of October 30. The villagers also found two Maoists posters near the body. While one poster said that Bhima was killed for being a ‘Police informer’, the other poster was on the call for a Malkangiri Bandh (general shutdown) on October 30, to protest the killing of three Maoists by tribals at Biravaram village on the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh Border on October 19.

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailed_news.asp?date1=10/31/2014&id=3#3

SHOULDER TO SHOULDER WITH THE KURDISH WOMEN FIGHTERS-MFPR

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SIT-IN AT THE TURKISH EMBASSY!

Take up the appeal of Kurdish comrades

Let’s Organize, the same day, rallies and initiatives in every city of women in solidarity with the Kurdish women fighters, against Isis and imperialism!

From the interview with Asia, a Kurdish representative attending the meeting on 11 October:

” how can we do here in Europe, in Italy, to bring you our solidarity?” “…… There are a lot of ways. First, we need more attention: you have to look at this situation as something you can live every day and affects all of us. Everyone of us can do something and makes pressure so that the Turkish government, instead of protecting ISIS, accepts the wounded people in hospitals in Turkey … the people in Kobane say they need just a gesture, they want to know that the world is aware of this genocide. This is important for their morale. Here in Italy you can also do something, because we do not see that the Italian government makes efforts to bring peace to that region … Governments make war on people and women are the first to be colonized and enslaved … In this society it is as if women do not exist, but women are the hart of people … if you want to defend the people you must defend first of all the rights and freedom of women …”

From the interview with Pinar Aydinlar, revolutionary singer and communist activist:

“…Compared to other guerrilla and revolutionary struggles for national liberation, the particularity of this struggle is the important role played by the Kurdish revolutionary women. Women who have refused a passive role, broke family ties, to take up arms and fight … It is an anti-imperialist struggle. Imperialists have always opposed the independence of Kurdish people, especially because they know that this movement is different from other autonomist movements, thanks to the role played by women… the role played by women has a great importance for all revolutionaries, communists, anti-imperialist and, at the same time, appeals all women, revolutionaries, to take the initiative and struggle in the front line to support this anti-imperialist struggle … women and children are the first victims of war and ISIS ideology, but women in Rojawa are not only of the first victims but also the first fighters … women who leave home to fight not only for the self-determination of their people, but also to free themselves …”

Do not let go unheeded these requests for help and solidarity. sit-in at the Turkish Embassy in Rome in 22 November.  Because ISIS and Imperialism that supports it are our common enemies. Because the best support that who live in an imperialist country can give to our Kurdish sisters is to struggle against imperialism, including Italy, vanguard of all barbarities. Because ISIS, supported by Turkey, trained by NATO, sponsored by Western powers is a result of their system and we can and must fight it at its roots, also in our country.

Proletarian Revolutionary Feminist Movement

SOME POINTS ON ECONOMIC OPERATION (MAY 1973)

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Big type of economic operation is a critical commando or guerrilla attack.

These are more critical than ‘Attack and Disperse’ type operation because after attack these operations need to seize, stay sometimes to collect goods and then disperse with seized goods. Apart from that, operation occurs in cities in enemy areas where their communication system is developed. They are strong, and public support is difficult for us to be used on our favor.

This is why operation is to be carried very swiftly.

This type of operation requires higher level planners, solving of transport problem, activation of plan by the participants, professionalist efficiency and prudence that can tackle changed situation, and organizer to carry operation by combining those.

To make plan properly, it needs accurate investigation of our condition, terrain of target, transport system, condition of our enemy and people etc. On the basis of that, by considering al aspects and possibilities, make such plan that is about to sure to success.

Then comes guerrilla, arms, collection of transport, providing ideological training to guerrillas etc.

At last, carry operation by combining all the preparations.

There is lack of cadres and facilities to make those works done properly. This is why subjective condition (our condition) does not correspond to objective condition (target of operation and its terrain). Consequently, many operations fail.

A reason behind the operation’s failure is not carrying valuable advice of higher level in action and not taking their assistance.

This is why, before operation, take assistance from possible all on different aspects, and especially take assistance, advice and opinion from higher level.

Due to not huge work done and backward economic condition, huge number of drivers and mechanics (technicians) are not available among our cadres. This is also a reason behind the failure of operation. Therefore, we have to appoint cadres in a planned manner to learn driving in cities, and work among drivers.

Because of not done huge work, always we do not get appropriate information from within economic target. In many cases, organization and people’s support near operation was not utilized which resulted numerous losses to us. This is why before the operation, we have to manage to utilize local organization and people’s support.

In many cases, guerrillas of a place got danger while carrying operation in unknown other places. This is why operation should be carried by local guerrillas. Despite outside guerrillas’ participation, local guerrillas should be included. Outside guerrillas should be made familiar with local condition by taking significant extent of time

In some cases, all the good and important commanders, guerrillas and commissars were either appointed or planned to appoint them. It was not considered that what could be the losses of organization if participants of operation make or get danger, and what security might be endangered. Due to the first reason, in some areas, losses were so high that those areas lost ability to do operation anymore later. In some plans, such comrades were included that had they been in danger, organizational and military activities of a big region would stop.

As participants of operation got danger, in some regions, security was hampered, even other regions’ security also were hampered. In case of arms too, sometimes it was not considered what would happen, if those are lost. So, later, there was no ability to carry operation anymore. All these works are result of being guided by one-sidedness. It is the end of thinking of one-sidedly during operation without thinking long-term interest, whole situation and all sides.

Many operations’ failure comes from the inability of organizer’s consideration of how much the guerillas, commanders, commissars are able to materialize the plan.

During the operation, commanders cannot decide what to do in changed situation, which cause the failure of operation and the troops get endangered.

Repeated failure in operation one after another brings disappointment. This is why an operation should have long time well preparation, and be sure to success. It should be taken care so that failure comes after long lapse. Smaller successful operations should be carried in-between bigger operations. It will keep courage high.

Systematize formality in arms-collection for operation, gathering, training, especially participating in operation, and collection of arms and seized goods after operation etc. The first case will require organizer’s written approval while the 2nd case will need depositors’ signature.

The organizer himself and participants will gather at summation meeting after reading particular theories and sum up operation. They shall send operation sheet to higher level. ○ Seriously apply the summed up points in the next operations.

In some regions, guerrillas of military groups were not appointed in organizing military group, organizational group or any other organizational work. As a result, their standard have not developed, organizational conscience or revolutionary responsible mentality have not grown; have not achieved knowledge how to carry discipline and coordination, make plan and implement that, develop themselves as well as guerrillas and how to organize.

As a result, though many good comrade came in guerrilla group, their working capabilities were not properly utilized. All the areas must leave that style and engage guerrillas in organizational work. Those guerrillas who want to be whole timer, should be sent to other places by making them whole timer, otherwise they may transform to opportunist and backward.

CENTRAL TASK, FIRMLY GRASPING IT AND SOME GUIDELINES REGARDING OPERATION

“Nor should a higher organization simultaneously assign any task to a lower organization without indicating their relative importance and urgency or without specifying which is central, for that will lead to confusion in the steps to be taken by the lower organization in their work and thus no definite results will be achieved.”

Chairman Mao further added,

“In any given place, there cannot be a number of central tasks at the same time. At any one time there can be only one central task, supplemented by other task of a second or third order of importance. Consequently, the person with over-all responsibility in the locality must take into account the history and circumstances of the struggle there and put the different tasks in their proper order; he should not act upon each instructions as it comes from the higher organization without any planning of his own, and thereby create a multitude of “central tasks” and state of confusion and disorder…It is part of the art of leadership to take the whole situation into account and plan accordingly in the light of the historical conditions and existing circumstances of each locality, decide correctly on the center of gravity and the sequence of the work for each period, steadfastly carry through the decision, and make sure that definite results are achieved.” [1]

It is not enough to arrange order of central task, but also we should carry the following order of Chairman Mao Tsetung.

“‘Grasp firmly.’ That is to say, the Party committee must not merely “grasp”, but must “grasp firmly”, its main tasks. Once can get a grip on something only when it is grasped firmly, without the slightest slackening. Not to grasp firmly is not to grasp at all. Naturally, one cannot get a grip on something with an open hand. When the hand is clenched as if grasping something but is not clenched tightly, there is still no grip. Some of our comrades do grasp the main tasks, but their grasp is not firm and so they cannot make a success of their work. It will not do to have no grasp at all, nor will it do if the grasp is not firm.”

The Central Committee and leadership of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal fixed the principal task for various lower levels of party.

For example:

Economic operation is the central task in military field, and in ideological-organizational field it is anti-clique struggle and rectification campaign. In politics, it is the exposure of different forms of revisionists and six mountains’ lackeys and strengthening propaganda etc.

Task of lower levels:

Different lower levels have own ideological, organizational, military, political and other works. For instance: plan for operation of national enemy, economic operation, propaganda etc.

They have to discuss the central task given by higher levels and own tasks and arrange the order of own works by keeping central task intact.

In light of the above points, we reviewed some experience.

Recently, one of our regions planned for annihilation of two national enemies (two brothers) and collection money from them.

The two national enemies were creating obstacles in local work. The decision was taken to carry operation on them by adjusting it properly with the central order of solving economic problem, which is the central task in military field. But right at the moment of starting for operation, information came that the two enemies were not at home.

So, the operation was canceled because if it was carried in absence of the enemies, later, it would be difficult to find them again.

If operation was carried in absence of them, financial problem would be solved and two arms could be collected.

The following error was committed due to cancelation of operation: By canceling operation at the last moment, it was forgotten that solving of financial problem was the principal task, and on the other hand, task of national enemy annihilation was regarded as main task. Though, solving of economic problem was regarded principal in plan, it became secondary in action.

Therefore, operation should have been carried despite the absence of national enemies and their arms and valuable goods should have been seized.

It would make financial benefit and arms-seizure for party and principal task would be put emphasis principally in real sense.

Another one national enemy was targeted for operation. On the basis of information, the news came that he had enough money.

The leadership of that region gave responsibility to subordinate cadres to carry that operation and made them prepared a list of guerrillas to participate in it. His/her subordinate cadres carried operation according to their individual wishes; failed to bring money despite national enemy was annihilated.

In that case, the leadership of region should have carried the operation under own care as it falls under central task (that is, falls under solving financial problem).

Here, leadership of that region did not grasp central task.

In another case, a plan was taken to carry a bank operation. Even guerrillas were brought from outside. But the operation was canceled due to sickness of manager.

In this case, they should have waited until the manager is cured. In this case, work was not firmly grasped.

Consequently, financial problem was not solved, that is, main problem was not solved. That is, the main problem was not firmly grasped. That is, main problem was not grasped at all.

Give tasks to guerrillas, party-committees and study circles by grasping central task-the solving of financial problem as principal task in military field, arrange local military works accordingly, combine rectification campaign and anti-clique struggle with that and carry propaganda.

For example: Gather guerrillas for operation plan, before operation, take class regarding anti-clique struggle and rectification campaign for several hours and then, carry discussion about operation.

The ideological preparation of operation will be anti-clique struggle and rectification movement.

Shall we raise fund with the seizure of money and other valuable goods of national enemy and agro goods? Our some cadres, organizers and leadership of various levels have idea that people will not think the seizure of above mentioned goods of enemy as political operation but misunderstand as decoity. Or we should distribute those among people so that people do not misunderstand.

A revolutionary party is needed to carry people towards revolution.

Money is needed to carry that party forward. That money will mainly come from enemies (As exploited and plundered from people, enemy’s money is actually people’s money).

Government’s money is also people’s money.

Therefore, the seizure and use of that money for the liberation of people is justified.

Therefore, it is justified to seize enemy’s riches and money and first using it to carry forward party.

Beyond party’s necessity, the riches of national enemies should be distributed to people. But the need of party to carry forward its activities must be given prominence. Lands of national enemies have to be distributed freely among agricultural workers and poor peasants.

In 1971, in Gaurnadi region, several thousand mounds rice and wheat was collected. If that was sold in cheap price, party’s fund problem would be solved. But that was distributed among people. Carry propaganda through poster, leaflet and wall writing so that people do not misunderstand, and people should be informed that, this and that monies and riches were collected in operation, and those are being used in carrying party activities.

People want liberation. They want revolution and revolutionary party.

Therefore, they will support it. Moreover, enemy-propaganda that we are CIA, this or that will be proved wrong because our funds come from our own initiative, not from foreign.

There is no such thing that we cannot inform people.

People will think it decoity means that we do not have trust on people.

People will understand if we propagate among them that money is needed for revolutionary party and that will come from seizure of enemy’s possessions.

It is applicable to government monies and possessions.

Therefore, we have to seize enemy and government monies and assets and inform people that party is using those assets to carry people forward to revolution.

Method:

Regional organizer will inform each of his/her cadre through circular the necessity of money for party and that it is the central task in military field.

They, as well as sympathizers also should be said to send investigation of national enemies and government institution where operation can be carried to solve financial problems. ○ Regional leadership will review investigations, determine targets and arrange serially.

PLAN-MAKING, OPERATION AND ITS LATER WORKS

To make operation, form guerrilla group, collect arms, manage transport for operation, appoint guerrilla commander, assistant commander, political commissar in operation, fix each one’s role in operation, discuss that with guerrillas, make them understand that, appoint courier and collect information via them till the last moment. If possible, show target of operation to commanders and commissars. If place of operation is unknown to guerrillas, manage such people who are familiar with or local people, determine how guerrillas will disperse after operation, manage the system of collecting and keeping seized goods, manage system of sheltering arms, treatment of wounded and transfer of the deads.

Fix date, gathering point and time of operation etc.

Carry important operation under own care and grasp that.

If there is question of solving financial problem, carry operation regardless of presence of national enemy.

If national enemy becomes available, annihilate him too.

Carry operations continuously on the basis of information. ○ If some risk to be taken, take that too.

Do not let operation to be carried without the approval of regional leadership, that is, apply centralism until various guerrilla groups or leadership of areas are well trained.

Properly collect seized goods and send money and valuable goods to higher levels.

If necessary, take all sorts of assistance from other regions.

Provide propaganda and give slogan in the name of party, program and leadership. If possible, use chunga (domestic handmike—Sarbaharapath) or hand mike. Use leaflet, poster and wall writing later.

Carry rectification campaign and anti-clique struggle in course of operation.

In no way it is allowed to abandon principle due to financial difficulties, that is, in no way can anyone attack on people. If there is such attack, party will lose goodwill, its relation to people will hamper, cadres will have harmful habit of attacking here and there without determining enemy and ally, and enemy will gain from it. In early 1970, such type of event happened in Barisal resulting damage of party’s good name and party suffered losses.

When making plan of national enemy annihilation, create habit of marking operation target, guerrilla position, terrain, transport way by drawing map. Teach how to read compass in this course. These will be helpful for future.

FORMING OPERATION TROOPS

1. Some have such type idea that those who were lumpen in the past, are very much brave. Lumpens use to monger big phrases. Our experiences show that they are the one who fly first, fear and break morale of guerrillas. They are very much harmful. Operation should reject those. Experiences further show that those who were not lumpen, are good as guerrilla. Guerrillas should be recruited generally by reviewing their obedience, spirit, pre and post party-joining activities.

2. In guerrilla troops, it is better to take some new guerrillas apart from those who are old or participated in one more operations. Of course, it is better to take experienced ones to important operation. In first case, new ones get chance to be experienced.

3. In case where there is no old experienced, operation troops will have to be formed by reviewing political standard, class base, spirit, past life, post party-joining activities. They will be experienced through operation.

When forming troops, keep in mind so that operations do not become dependent on a single person. If so, and if his/her ideological standard is low, he/she may lose sense. He/she may thinks himself/herself big thing or chief or ego may arise in him/her, he/she may be arrogant. Those bad mentalities being increased may create mentality of dishonoring party and people and non-confidence to them.

Its end will be serious like Fazlu clique.

Appoint a commander, an assistant commander and political commissar to the guerrilla troop, make them prepare with their responsibility. Big type of operation may need many guerrillas. Then, in whole operation, it may need two, three, five or more guerrillas for each responsibility. Then, appoint commander, assistant commander for particular guerrillas for each work, and commander, assistant commander and political commissar for all the guerrillas.

Commando Troop:

By forming commando troop, they can be fixed some particular targets. They will carry operation by whatever weapons they find domestically around. Sometimes, if necessary, without weapon, they will carry operation by hand or towel.

They can be provided revolver, pistol, dagger, stain and grenade to use as weapon.

In front 2 in Barisal, such a troop had captured a police outpost only by blade. In Mehendiganj area, such a troop captured a police station by an iron umbrella, a pencil and a dagger, and also they annihilated a Dofadar (Village Police—Sarbaharapath) in front of Razakars [Razakar was an pro Pakistan infamous genocidal Islamist militia specially made by Pak military bandits—Sarbaharapath). Recently such a troop annihilated several national enemies in empty hand.

Special Troops:

Sometimes, special troops can be formed who are kept ready day-night for operation.

This type of troop is needed when operation may happen anytime.

For that, manage 24 hours shelter and food for specific number of guerrillas.

Such a step was taken recently during the time of anti-clique struggle. After the task is finished, special troop is dismissed.

Do not go with a single stain gun in important operation because sometimes stain gets jammed. Recently, such an event happened in Barisal and Rijvi escaped.

Use at least two stain.

Do not use two hand grenades in important operation because all the two may not explode. Recently in a very much important operation, all the two grenades have not exploded.

For that, fuse of hand grenade should be dried in sunlight (not in fire) prior to operation, and go with at least three hand grenades.

Keep seriously caution when making and carrying domestic hand bombs. Domestic hand bombs should be made in a place where there is no people.

The maker should not be leading or promising cadre. When carrying, keep safe distance and leading or promising cadres shall not carry.

Promising cadre like comrade Shahin was killed when making hand bomb and several others were injured. Similar incidence happened in Chittagong too.

To break national enemy’s door, axe or Gad should be used.

To break Sinduk (vault), use five ser hammer and chisel.

At last, if necessary, charge grenade.

Keep and use revolver, pistol, stain gun, breta etc smaller automatic weapons with very much care. It must be taken care that those are not lost. It is applicable to all types of automatic weapons.

SOME EXPERIENCE REGARDING OPERATION

“To solve economic problem is the central task in military field”

According to the above mentioned order of central committee, step was taken to investigate, decide and materialize decision regarding operation on national enemy Nagar Mullah. On the basis of investigation, troop was made; commander, assistant commander, political commissar and scout were appointed, troop members were made ready with responsibility; transport, shelter and shelter for seized weapons etc. were fixed. In first initiative, enemy was not at the spot, so troop retreated (financial problem could not be solved in absence of enemy). Several days later, again step was taken. But several serious errors occurred in course of operation although enemy was annihilated.

After gathered on operation spot, huge time was killed, talked suspiciously, moved here and there and showed vacillation in taking decision.

One reason was that enemy was not at the place where he was presumed to be, but actually he was in another point. Second reason was that a lot of people’s gathering was at the operation spot. It is to mention that operation place was a huge populated weekly market place (Hat).

The commander should have solved the first problem rapidly. At best he could take help from assistant commander and from political commissar, if they were present. But in no way he/she should kill time on spot or take decision by discussing with guerrillas.

If he/she fails to take rapid decision, he/she must leave spot instantly, retreat to safe place, have discussion there and take decision.

The problem of huge gathering of people could be solved by proper command.

So, in first situation, by knowing enemy position through scout, and not being afraid of people’s gathering, rapid decision should have been taken and enemy should have been attacked. As a result of making late, enemy might have escaped or guerrilla troops might have been caught as decoit. In this case, commander failed to play own role. This is why certain guerrilla didn’t wait for commander’s order in next time when enemy was available in proper place and attacked the enemy. Without the spirit of that guerrilla, troops would not have been able to catch the enemy.

Main thing is that in any situation, vacillation in taking decision on spot may inflict serious danger. As soon as vacillation arises, instantly leave spot.

Troop failed to solve economic problem as a whole. In this case too, the reason is the failure of commander and assistant commander to give order. With starting attack, Commander should have commanded guerrillas with raising his/her voice, to search enemy’s shop and rice mill. Moreover, had command properly given, enemy could be arrested alive and money could be collected. But it could not happen due to lack of proper command. In place of commander, the assistant commander could not carry that responsibility. Commander and assistant commander forgot the order that ‘solving financial problem is the principal task’.

The responsibility of searching shop and rice mill was distributed among guerrillas beforehand, but they also failed to carry that.

As a whole, the troop could not implement its central task in action.

Because of lack of proper command and carrying almost a spontaneous attack, certain guerrilla unnecessarily fired many bullets.

Where a single bullet was not needed to spend, he spent 35 bullets. It is totally against the principle of being economical and also against central order. Central committee forbade to unnecessarily misuse even a single bullet.

Another comrade unnecessarily and without command misused a bullet and took step to misuse another one while retreating, but he was stopped by the order of certain guerrilla. As people did not make any barricade while retreating, so it was unnecessary to make any sound. Doing such things may cause danger. Enemy may follow us by following sound. So, while retreat, troop should return silently as far as possible. Do not have any discussion even, let alone about any error. Discuss about errors and other matters by gathering in safe place.

Spending bullet unnecessarily and without order of commander is manifestation of giving prominence of weapons and thrilling.

Both the two is seriously harmful in war. Moreover, despite having training of how to use stain gun, that guerrilla became confused when the stain gun was not working in his hand.

The meaning of being confused in war is bringing danger for own. This is why brain should always be kept cool. Sometimes, magazine’s spring gets loose, so it does not work properly (so, bullet should be kept outside magazine except time of action). Sometimes, bolt also does not work properly. In such difficulties, keep your head cool, rapidly change magazine and pull bolt again. You should be mentally prepared for that. But that will not be possible if prominence is given to weapons and you will get confused.

In plan, how much time the boat transport will take, was not estimated before. Consequently, troop had to wait long time in boat. In this regard, information based investigation should have been emphasized.

Good aspects of the operation are that it was the first operation in that area, national enemy was successfully annihilated, guerrillas were gathered timely, scout correctly played his/her role, speech was delivered in spot, present people was acknowledged about party leadership and position of party through slogan and the troop received huge people’s support.

But in the operation, our loss was principal aspect due to failure of solving financial problem and spending much more bullets unnecessary.

For another attack, a commando troop was formed by guerrillas with two stain gun, guide and scout. The place of operation was in city and important. In action, commandos successfully attacked. But initially, stain could fire bullets but failed to brush. It happened to the first commando, so, he/she was confused. The second commando attacked with stain gun, but no firing occurred at all. It made the first commando more confused. In this case, main problem was that commandos did not have good grasp of weapon and full-fledged knowledge on tactics. So, they got confused. They should have changed magazine, repeatedly pull bolt and set safety case correctly.

Fortunately, enemy was annihilated at the first phase. As commandos were not sure about that, they failed to chant slogan in the name of leadership and party.

In the operation, two hand bombs were ordered to throw, but first one has not exploded after throwing, while particular person failed to throw the second one. Because of falling damp, hand bombs do not explode. Therefore, hand bombs should be made several days before any important operation and dry in sunlight properly.

After the operation, the guide of operation became afraid a little bit. So, he/she did not guided commandos towards the previously fixed path, though it was possible. He became abnormal a little bit and guided commandos toward abnormal unknown path. Thus, passing by such a path could create suspicion and commandos could get in danger in a special situation when they might need to disperse on their own in an unknown path.

In this case, brave and experienced cadres should be appointed as guide.

As a whole, error of this operation is not deeply thinking the post operation condition during planning of operation. Enemies are stronger in enemy areas. Therefore, they can rapidly communicate there, increase strength, impose curfew, carry search etc. But these were not considered in operation. One of the reasons was that local administration had serious hatred to enemy. But though local administration was inactive, higher administration rapidly communicated and deployed extra force there and became able to impose curfew, carry massive search and arrest (Of course, we did not have any losses because of our vigilance)

Therefore, take proper caution when carrying important operations in cities. Papers and arms should be transferred to safe place beforehand. Send those cadres outside who are exposed and make shelter for operation troop at the outskirt of city. If it is difficult to carry weapons, keep it under ground in safe shelter in the very city. If that is also not possible, keep it under water. For that, preparation is needed before operation. Especially in Thana and sub-divisional towns (where enemy’s communication is developed), this method must be applied. Though not massive, enemy can impose curfew and carry search in particular areas. Manage shelter, arms and papers keeping safe distance from that area.

In important operation, deploy good, efficient and brave guerrillas. Provide training of various weapons to gain efficiency.

In cities, it is advantageous to carry national enemy annihilation through commando attack. Fix operation place (one or two), manage shelter (two/three minute walking distance to that) near that where commandos being prepared will temporarily stay. Appoint scout and if necessary guide. In these types of attack, role of scout is very important. Commandos must have to be very much brave. This process can be done on the road by being mobile. Scout will give confirmed information of specific path. On that basis, commandos, by being mobile, will attack. If enemy is unknown to commandos, make them know before. Make them familiar to unknown roads, markets and shelters.

In such attack, revolver, stain under body cover sheet and dagger can be used. But commandos should not stay long with heavy weapons (stain gun) in open public.

NOTE:

1) Quotation, P 258, Document on Organizational Work

People’s War in India Clippings 30/10/2014

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Two Naxal IED experts held in Chhattisgarh

Raipur: Two Naxal cadres, expert at making improvised explosive devices (IEDs), were arrested from a village in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district, police said Thursday. Koyana Baghel (36) and Sukhram Baghel (37) were apprehended from their native Bukrawada village under Kukanar police station limits of Sukma last night, Inspector General of Police, Bastar Range, SRP Kalluri told PTI. Acting on inputs that the duo was planning to hold a meeting with villagers at their native place, a joint squad of CRPF and local police was mobilised towards the spot, located around 450 kms from the state capital, he said.

On sensing the security forces surrounding the region, the ultras tried to escape from the spot, but were nabbed after a short chase, he said. Working as janmilitia members in Katekalyan Area Committee of the banned outfit, the duo was tasked with preparing and planting the IEDs in the restive region to harm the security forces, he said, adding that they were carrying a reward of Rs 2,000 each on their head. As the IED experts, the two were involved in several Naxal ambush to target security forces in the South Bastar forests, he said.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/chhattisgarh/two-naxal-ied-experts-held-in-chhattisgarh_1491626.html

Three policemen injured in naxal encounter

Raipur, Oct 30 (PTI) Three police jawans were injured in an encounter with naxals in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Sukma district, police said today. “The face-off took place in restive forests under Chintagufa police station limits when a joint squad of CRPF and district force was carrying out an anti-naxal operation late last evening,” Inspector General of Police, Bastar Range, SRP Kalluri told PTI.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/5293605_Three-policemen-injured-in-naxal-encounter.html

Two Maoists held with ammunition in Jharkhand

Latehar (Jharkhand), Oct. 30 (ANI): The Jharkhand police on Wednesday arrested two Maoists with ammunition in the state’s Latehar district. Latehar Superintendent of Police Michael Raj S said that his force had attained major success by arresting two notorious Maoists who were involved in several violent activities since 2011. “Acting on a tip-off, we arrested a member of a Maoist organisation, Babulal Bhuiya, who is a resident of Deoghar.

We have also arrested a Maoist supporter along with him. We have recovered 25 rounds of bullets along with a motorcycle that they used to travel for conducting their activities,” he said. Michael added the arrested Maoists were involved in activities including firing at police, planning a bomb blast on National Highway 75 and others.

http://www.aninews.in/newsdetail2/story189511/two-maoists-held-with-ammunition-in-jharkhand.html

Maoist victims stage protest

VISAKHAPATNAM: A group of tribals staged a protest in front of the houses of three civil rights activists in the city on Wednesday to protest the alleged support to Maoists by civil rights activists. Around 20 to 30 tribals belonging to Veeravaram village and other parts of GK Veedhi mandal, one of the most Maoist-infested mandal, raised their voice against civil rights activists. The protesters included family members and relatives of Gemmeli Sanjeeva Rao, who was brutally killed by Maoists a week ago in the Korukonda block.

It may be recalled that soon after Sanjeeva Rao’s brutal killing, enraged tribals had killed three Maoists, including a commander, Sindri Chinna Ranga Rao alias Sarat. The activists staged protests outside Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Council (APCLC) Visakha unit president T Srirammurthy’s house at Gajuwaka, as well as APCLC members G Raghuram’s house at Mangapuram Colony near Kalabharathi Auditorium and A Annapoorna’s house at Arilova.

They questioned the civil rights activists on their reasons for supporting Maoists who have been killing innocent tribals and urged the civil liberties leaders to protect them from Reds. But the civil rights leaders alleged that the tribals were brought from Visakha agency by cops, who influenced them to conduct the protest. Interestingly, the presence of many Visakha Rural police cops involved in anti-naxal operations was visible in the protest areas.

Speaking to media persons, one of the tribals Sanjeeva Rao asked why the civil rights leaders were not questioning the Maoist menace against tribals. “APCLC leaders have been raising their voice whenever any Maoist is killed or arrested, but never in support of tribals being killed at the hands of Naxalites,” he said. On the other hand, APCLC leader Raghuram accused the police department of creating another Salwa Judum in the Visakha Agency against Maoists and alleged that it was the cops who had brought the tribals to his house. ”

APCLC does not have any link with the killings of tribals by Naxalites or the killing of Naxalites by tribals. APCLC will send a fact finding committee to the Korukonda incident area,” he said, pointing out that APCLC has never told people or Naxalites to kill anyone and its only endeavour was to protect the democratic rights of the people.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/Maoist-victims-stage-protest/articleshow/44978273.cms

30Asam

Glare on youths’ Maoist nexus

Jorhat, Oct. 29: Nearly 30 youths from Tinsukia, Dibrugarh and Sivasagar districts of Upper Assam, who had gone outside the state for employment, may have joined the Maoists. Sources in the police department said an inquiry was on to ascertain whether the youths (all men) who reportedly went outside Assam two years ago to work for private firms were really employed in the companies or had joined Maoist organisations.

The suspicion arose on the basis of inputs collected by the police from local sources that these youths, who had left in 2012, had not visited their homes since and seldom called their family and friends. These youths hail from the tea gardens and villages of Chabua, Tingkhong and Rajgarh areas in Dibrugarh district, Sadiya, Panitola, Guijan and Tangana areas in Tinsukia district and from Charaideo subdivision of Sivasagar district.

The sources said these are Maoist-sensitive areas, from where at least 10 youths have joined extremists in the past. The most wanted Maoist leader of Assam, Adiyta Bora, is from Tingkhong. He was arrested in Odisha in 2011 and brought to Assam. He has since jumped bail. In May 2012, four Maoist cadres were killed in an encounter with the police in Sadiya, which was the first such incident in Assam. The sources said the parents and guardians of the 30 youths under scanner had told the police that their children had gone to Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala and were employed in the hospitality sector, private security agencies and construction companies.

However, the guardians were unable to provide proper addresses of their wards’ residences or employment firms. They reportedly told the police that their children did not call them up frequently in order to save money. The police have not been able to contact the youths’ mobile number (prepaid SIM cards). So they have asked the mobile companies to provide details of the user and the locations of the said numbers.

The guardians also told the police that their boys had not sent them any money. Most of the parents do not have bank accounts and the police are in the process of checking whether any deposits have been made into the accounts of those who have. A senior police official told The Telegraph that investigations conducted so far had raised suspicions that these youths might have joined the Maoists. He said the police were collecting information on the youths from their counterparts in the southern states on the basis of information collected from the youths’ parents.

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1141030/jsp/frontpage/story_18980485.jsp#.VFJMPJJTW1E

Visakha Agency braces for bandh

VISAKHAPATNAM: Gripped by fear after the murder of a Veeravaram villager and the subsequent lynching of three Maoists by angry tribals, Visakha Agency is now bracing for the bandh call given by Maoists on Thursday. Following the recent incident in Veeravaram village where Gemmeli Sanjeeva Rao was murdered by the Reds and three Maoists, including a commander rank Naxalite Sindri Chinna Ranga Rao, were lynched in retaliation, tribals have confined themselves to their villages in the Visakha Agency and are too scared to even venture out to the weekly markets, sources said.

After the Veeravaram lynching, the CPI Maoist East Division leader Kailasam had stated that 19 villagers involved in the killings of the three Maoists had been identified and he warned those responsible for the act to offer their apologies and surrender before the party failing which they would be punished. Suspecting large scale violence by the Reds, cops have launched extensive combing operations involving 500 security personnel in the Visakha Agency.

Cops are carrying out vehicle checks and taking suspected persons into custody for interrogation, sources said. Night halt buses in the interior pockets and night services were cancelled on Wednesday and a call on whether to run buses in the interiors on Thursday would be taken based on the prevailing situation. Narsipatnam OSD Vishal Gunni told TOI that forces had been deployed for combing operations and his department had taken precautionary measures to deal with Naxalites.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/Visakha-Agency-braces-for-bandh/articleshow/44978281.cms

Maoist bandh partial in Agency

Bandh in Visakha Agency area on Thursday, for which the banned CPI (Maoist) has given a call in protest against the killing of two of its members near Korukonda shandy on October 19, was partial except in a few panchayats. Though the bandh was partial and police and paramilitary forces were deployed in huge numbers, people had a tense day. Veeravaram village is a deserted place as all its residents, including women have left to other villages.

This is the native village of Gemmili Sanjeeva Rao, who was shot dead by the Maoists on October 19, and in retaliation his relatives and friends attacked Maoist party’s district committee member Sharath and a militia member and clobbered them to death. Later the Maoists announced that they had identified 19 persons involved in the attack and would take them to task. On Thursday, the bandh was total in Balapam, Sammangi and Kudumusara panchayats in Chintapalli mandal and Jerrela, Vanchula, Ammavari Darakonda and Vanchula panchayats in GK Veedhi mandal. At important places like Paderu, Chintapalli, Sileru and Araku Valley the bandh was partial.

Following police instruction traders opened their shops from around 11 a.m. at several places. Banks were closed while schools and colleges functioned at Paderu. APSRTC ran its services from Narsipatnam and other plain areas to Paderu, Chintapalli, Sileru and Araku but cancelled services to the interior areas. The weekly shandy at Maddigaruvu, where the Maoists enjoy good support, was conducted. In an incident that may not be related to the bandh in Agency, the Kalimerla area committee killed a Girijan of Kallaguda village near Kalimela in Odisha, near the Andhra border, on Wednesday night branding him a police informer. A group of 40 Maoists picked up Bheema Mandi from his house in Kallguda and shot him dead after holding a ‘praja court’. His body was dumped on the Kalimela-Malkangiri road.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/maoist-bandh-partial-in-agency/article6548957.ece

Police step up vigil

The Venkatapuram circle police have stepped up security in the forest fringe areas bordering Chhattisgarh following reported exchange of fire between security forces and Maoists in Pamedu forest area of Bijapur district on Wednesday. Sources said that the police stepped up area domination operations in forest areas in Charla and Dummugudem mandals, which share a long border with Chhattisgarh. Vigil has been intensified along the remote tribal pockets situated close to the inter-State border to check the movement of rebels.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/police-step-up-vigil/article6546726.ece

Manipur’s economy is anti-poor: RPF

Imphal, October 28 2014: The proscribed Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) has said that seemingly fast growing economy of Manipur is anti-poor and it is favouring only a handful of people who are close to the Government. According to a statement issued by the RPF’s Publicity Secretary Roben Khuman, the people of Manipur have been languishing in underdevelopment since their annexation by the Indian Government.

The economy of the State is reported to be growing much faster than the average Indian economy, but the condition of Manipur is still at the worst with no sign of proper development. A noted economist of the State even pointed that the grow rate of Manipur is much greater than the average growth of India, but the figure seems to be quite misleading with most of the people being suppressed economically by those in power.

The questionable economic development of Manipur is never made transparent by the Indian Government. The government agencies have not properly pointed out the sectors or groups which have been benefited by such economic policy. In the recent past, Manipur has seen some changes with the emergence of new communication technology, roads, bridges, airports, railway line, luxury hotels, media etc. However, these developments are confined only to the main market places. The interior and remote parts of Manipur have been neglected and deprived of development despite of various schemes and programmes of the Indian Govt, the statement said.

http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=28..291014.oct14

People’s War in India Clippings 29/10/2014

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Cops transfer Bhelke couple to Chandrapur

Already incarcerated in Yerwada for alleged involvement with CPI(M), the duo will now face a court in Chandrapur regarding an arms case The Chandrapur police took custody of Arun Bhanudas Bhelke (38) and his wife Kanchan Nalawade alias Bhoomi — alleged suspected members of the banned CPI (Maoist) — on Tuesday morning. Currently lodged in Yerwada jail, the custody of the couple was taken under heavy bandobast of a special anti-Naxal squad for cases under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) and the Arms Act, lodged against them at Chandrapur in which a non-bailable arrest warrant (NBW) was issued against the duo.

A court of additional sessions judge N P Dhote granted permission to detain and transfer both the accused to Chandrapur after the team furnished a production warrant of the chief judicial magistrate’s court at Chandrapur, requesting for the accused to be handed over in the pending case. While giving the nod, Dhote instructed the team to produce the duo before the local court within 24 hours. The state Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) had detained the couple in Pune on September 1 and they were sent to Yerwada jail in judicial custody, following custodial interrogation.

Advocate Tosif Shaikh, representing Bhelke in the Pune case, told Mirror that the Chandrapur police are to bring his client back to Yerwada jail after the legal procedure at Chandrapur is completed. “The Bhelkes have to face trial here. The arrest is part of the legal procedure in a 2008 case,” he said.

http://www.punemirror.in/pune/crime/Cops-transfer-Bhelke-couple-to-Chandrapur/articleshow/44963461.cms

Maoist held with his 3 accomplices

MUZAFFARPUR : The Tirhut subzonal commander of Maoists, Ganesh Paswan alias Ganseh Bharti alias Mantriji alias Gautam, operating mainly in Muzaffarpur and Vaishali districts for the last 12 years, was on Tuesday arrested along with three other Maoists from Meenapur police station area. The police also recovered some sophisticated weapons from their possession. SSP Ranjit Kumar Mishra informed here on Tuesday that the Maoist leader was mainly engaged in “levy” collection and it was on his direction that the Maoists used to attack those who failed to pay “levy” to the extremists.

The Naxalite leader was wanted in connection with dozens crimes, including the burning of Aurai MLA Ramsurat Rai’s petrol pump, opening fire on the munshi of a road building contractor and burning of a JCB machine and a tractor near Budhauli middle school under Bochaha police station area. During interrogation, he confessed his involvement in six of the incidents. He had demanded Rs2 lakh from Kamal Kishore Rai and had threatened to kill a shopkeeper Ashok Paswan near Gharbhara Chowk also under Bochaha police station area, the SSP said.

A 12 bore desi rifle, some ammunitions and levy collection receipts were recovered from his possession and, on his disclosure, the police subsequently raided different locations of the district on Tuesday and seized 15 detonators, one desi pistol and a large quantity of Maoists’ leaflets. Some of the explosives were recovered from the houses of two women and the police are verifying their connection with the Maoists, if any. They were being interrogated by a team of police officers. Three arrested Maoists have been identified as Deep Lal Sahni, Shashi Ranjan and Krishna Nandan Das. Sahni was involved in petrol pump burning, opening fire on contractor’s munshi and laying landmines on Muzaffarpur-Sitamarhi railway track in Dharampur village under Hathauri police station.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Maoist-held-with-his-3-accomplices/articleshow/44966160.cms

Key militia member of CPI (Maoist) held

An active militia member of the Galikonda area committee of the CPI (Maoist) was arrested in a joint operation by the police and CRPF near Thangulagondhi area under GK Veedhi police station limits, in the Agency area of Visakhapatnam district, on Monday night. The arrested militia member has been identified as Gemmili Kesava Rao alias Kesu. According to Superintendent of Police, Visakhapatnam District, Koya Praveen, he had joined the Maoist movement about nine years ago and was involved in over 20 cases and carried a reward of Rs. 1 lakh on his head.

OSD Narsipatnam Vishal Gunni informed The Hindu that Kesu was involved in the murder of Seenderi Karla at Rallagedda in 2014, Killo Rambabu and Ram Mohana Rao at Johar Ghat in 2013, Gemmili Chinna Rao at Sapparla in 2013 and Vanthala Raju at Lakkavarapupeta in 2013. This apart, he was involved in major famine raids at Kunkumpudi and Cheekatimamidi in 2013 and blasting of Chapagedda pulper unit and Pedavalasa coffee godown, said Mr. Gunni.

The arrest is being termed by the police as a big setback to the Maoist movement in the agency area of Visakhapatnam, after the recent incident where tribal people, in retaliation to the killing of an innocent tribal by the Maoists, stoned to death a divisional committee member of Korkukonda area committee and two militia members. According to the Narsipatnam OSD, Kesu was a hardened militia member and was one of the main sources for logistic support of the Maoists in that area.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/key-militia-member-of-cpi-maoist-held/article6542125.ece?homepage=true

Suspected Maoist held

Guwahati: Police have detained a suspected Maoist, identified as Lakkhyajit Baruah, alias Gautam, on Tuesday. He is currently undergoing treatment at a hospital in the Rajgarh area here. Police believe he works with the outfit’s Upper Assam leading committee. “Lakkhyajit is undergoing surgery for a bullet injury on his leg which he sustained during an operation in Arunachal’s Lohit district a few days ago. We have informed our counterparts there. Till then, he is under our surveillance,” said a senior police operation wing officer. Lakkhyajit was admitted in the hospital on Sunday

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/guwahati/Suspected-Maoist-held/articleshow/44964426.cms

Two Maoists arrested by security forces in Chhattisgarh

Raipur: Two wanted Maoists were arrested during a search operation by security forces in the insurgency-hit Kanker district of Chhattisgarh today, police said. Maoists cadres Ayatu Ram Salam (30) and Singaram Potai were apprehended from the forests under Badgaon police station limits, Kanker Superintendent of Police (SP) R N Dash told PTI today. A joint squad of the Border Security Force (BSF) and the district force was in the midst of a combing exercise in Badgaon region, located around 250 kms away from the state capital.

On reaching Pittegudum village, they spotted two suspects who were keeping a tab on the movement of security forces, after hich they rounded up the duo, the SP said. During interrogation, they admitted their involvement with the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) movement as people’s militia members, he said. They were allegedly involved in various Maoist incidents in the region and warrants were also pending against them, the SP said, adding that they are being interrogated.

http://zeenews.india.com/news/chhattisgarh/two-maoists-arrested-by-security-forces-in-chhattisgarh_1490828.html

Towards a Democratic Platform of People’s Struggles: All India People’s Forum (AIPF)

india-delhi-17-dec-bullhorn-1131

On 11th October 2014, at the Jawaharlal Nehru Yuva Kendra in Delhi, representatives of several organizations and concerned individuals met to discuss the need and possibility of forging a broad democratic platform – both to take on the intensified offensive on people’s movements and rights in a united way, and to powerfully assert an alternative vision for India. The resolution adopted by the meeting and endorsed by the participants is as follows:

Representatives of a diverse range of organizations as well as individuals met on 11th October in Delhi, to discuss the possibility of various people’s movements, democratic organizations and concerned citizens coming together on a common platform to assert people’s rights to land, livelihood, education and healthcare, justice, peace, dignity and freedom in the face of the communal-corporate offensive, growing imperialist domination, state repression, social oppression and caste and gender violence and injustice that threatens those rights.

We, the undersigned, endorse the concerns and the call issued from that meeting. The meeting underlined the urgent need for forces of struggle to unite and coordinate their efforts to defend and expand democracy. The country is witnessing and bearing the brunt of the centralized, intensified offensive on part of the Modi Government and the Sangh Parivar on all hard-won rights and ongoing movements. Communal politics is threatening not only the rights and safety of minorities, but every vestige of existing democracy, diversity and harmony.

Draconian laws like AFSPA or UAPA, continued and intensified militaristic offensive against the country’s own people, the systematic impunity for perpetrators of custodial violence, and the muzzling of voices of dissent are all symptoms of a growing authoritarianism. Caste violence and atrocities against dalits and adivasis continue to be rampant.

Violence against women the offensive on women’s rights and freedom has acquired even more dangerous proportions, with such violence and such an offensive becoming an integral tool, both of state repression as well as of communal politics.

Imperialism, hand in hand with the country’s own rulers and corporate players, is attempting to erode the country’s freedom in all matters of foreign and domestic policy.

The fighting forces face the challenge of combating communal politics, defending people’s land, livelihood, and liberties, asserting and achieving the rights to equitable and affordable health, education and food as well as dignified employment, and asserting an alternative vision of pro-people development. If times seem dark at present, hope continues to burn bright with the powerful, defiant, vibrant people’s opposition on the streets. We feel that a broad, united, democratic platform of such struggling forces is the need of the hour. Towards forging such a platform, which may simply be called All India People’s Forum in English and Akhil Bhartiya Jan Manch in Hindi, we propose to hold a Conference in Delhi in early 2015. We appeal to all concerned organizations and individuals to actively participate in this endeavour. We shall dream, we shall fight, and we shall win!

Signatories:

ND Pancholi (Citizens for Democracy and PUCL),

John Dayal, Binayak Sen (PUCL/MFC),

Anil Sadgopal (AIFRTE),

Meher Engineer (AIFRTE),

Sumit Chakravarty (Mainstream),

Gautam Navlakha, Anand Teltumbde, Anand Patwardhan, Anil Chamadiya, Rajendra Chaudhary (academic and activist, Rohtak),

Kavita Krishnan (AIPWA),

SP Udayakumar (PMANE),

Akhil Gogoi (KMSS),

Dipankar Bhattacharya (CPI-ML Liberation),

Vijay Pratap (Samajwadi Samagam),

Dr Prem Singh (Socialist Party (India)),

Mangat Ram Pasla (CPM Punjab),

Govind Chhetri (CPRM, Darjeeling),

Rohit (Left Collective),

KS Hariharan (Revolutionary Marxist Party (Kerala)),

Bhimrao Bansode Lal Nishan Party Leninist (Maharashtra)),

Ambrish Kumar (Samajwadi Samagam),

Rajeev (Rihai Manch, UP),

Father T K John, Md Iftiqar Alam and Suraj Kumar Singh (Insaf Manch, Bihar),

Purushottam Roybarman (Secretary, Tripura Human Rights Organisation),

Dr Laxminarayana (PUCL and Karnataka Kaumu Sauhardra Vedike),

Gautam Mody (NTUI),

Roma (AIUFWP),

Md Salim (Inquilabi Muslim Conference),

Anant Prakash Narayan (JNUSU),

Om Prasad and Sandeep Saurav (AISA),

Swapan Mukherjee (AICCTU),

Ramji Rai (Samkaleen Janmat),

Pranay Krishna (Jan Sanskriti Manch),

Dhirendra Jha (AIALA),

Col (Retd) Laxmeshwar Mishra, Radhika Menon (JSM, AIFRTE),

Dr. Mongve Rongpi (United Movement for Autonomous State, Karbi Anglong),

Sudhir Suman (Samkaleen Janmat),

Radhakanta Sethi (AICCTU, Odisha),

Rafiq Jabbar Mulla (SDPI),

Harminder Singh Ahluwalia (Sikh Youth Forum),

Darshana Pathak (Samajwadi Samagam),

Kanwaljeet Singh (RYA),

Navkiran Natt (Krantikari Kamkaaji Mahila Sangathan, Chandigarh),

Phoolchand Dhewa (All India Kisan Mahasabha),

Gurnam Singh Daud (Dihati Mazdoor Sabha),

KD Yadav (All India Kisan Mahasabha),

Om Dutt Singh (Daman Virodhi Morcha, Allahabad),

V Shankar (AICCTU), Amar Singh, Arun Maji, Nadeem (Sruti),

Sanjay Kanojia (Samajwadi Samagam),

Trilok Singh (GIEA-NZ),

Amit Srivastav (PUCL Delhi)

COMMUNIQUE OF THE 8TH PLENUM OF THE 1ST CENTRAL COMMITTEE (Probably April 1973)

Photo_of_Siraj_Sikder

The eighth plenum of the 1st Central Committee of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal held successfully. All the members of the Central Committee were present and the Chairman of the Central Committee presided over the meeting. Among others, following resolutions were taken in the meeting:

The national aspect is principal in the national democratic revolution of East Bengal. An organization of national character is needed to carry the National Democratic Revolution. As a nation is composed of various classes, sections and religious minorities, so the organization that represents them is or should be of national character. The liberation of the national and lingual minority people of living inside the geographic boundary of East Bengal is related to that of people of East Bengal.

Therefore, their representative should be in the organization of national character of East Bengal to include their struggle. At the present era, without leadership of the class proletariat, various classes, sections and minority people can’t organize them, nor can they bring own liberation. Therefore, an organization of national character that has representative of lingual and national minorities should have to be forged and under its leadership, national democratic revolution should be carried and completed. The name of that organization of national character is National Liberation Front of East Bengal. If we can properly carry forward party, front and patriotic force, the victory of revolution is inevitable. So, we are taking the decision of forming National Liberation Front.

* Meeting decides to forge the following organizations. These organizations will work secretly in enemy areas and openly-semi openly in liberated areas.

- Workers and employs Liberation Society

- Students-Youth Liberation Society

- Religious Minorities Liberation Society

- Patriotic Olema Society [Olema are Islamic religious teachers—Sarbaharapath]

- Liberation Society for Women, Art-Culture, Newspaper and Literature

- Patriotic Businessmen and Industrialists Society

- Peasants Liberation Society

- National Minorities Liberation Council

- To forge organizations for fishermen, snake-charmer and other professional basis

Meeting appoints particular comrades to organize those organizations. With approval of proper level, they will form necessary committees and groups. Every region will organize people in above mentioned mass organizations.

* Meeting formed the Supreme Commanders of Armed Patriotic Force of East Bengal. Siraj Sikder was appointed as the Chairman of the Supreme Commanders and Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Political Commissar of Armed Patriotic Force. The following organizations decide to join National Liberation Front:

1) Proletarian Party of East Bengal

2) Armed Patriotic Force of East Bengal

3) Liberation Society of Workers-Employees

4) Students and Youth Liberation Society

5) Religious Minorities Liberation Council

6) Patriotic Olema Society

7) Liberation Society for Women, Art-Culture, Newspaper and Literature

8) Patriotic Businessmen and Industrialist Society

9) Peasants Liberation Society

10) National Minorities Liberation Council Meeting fixed representative to represent those organizations of the front.

* Party will continue its work inside and outside front according to the interest of domestic and international proletariat. For example:

To popularize party and its lines

To directly recruit people to party

To unmask different forms of revisionists

To unify proletarian revolutionaries, that is, establish and maintain class unity Party will continue to work inside and outside front with independence and initiative After the liquidation of the so called other Marxists and joining of other leftist revolutionaries/groups in front, independent party activity outside party will not be needed.

To put slogan outside party in the name of comrade Siraj Sikder will be adjourned. It will be used as inside party slogan.

Those who want to know about party can be informed that comrade Siraj Sikder is the leader. Other slogans will continue to exist as before.

* Recruit those in various mass organizations who want to join front. Those who are active there, should be made understand the necessity of leadership of party in national democratic revolution. Those should be organized in study circles who want to join party. Thus, party work has to be carried in front.

* Call various patriotic (Secret and open) leftist groups as part of nation of East Bengal to accelerate their national struggle by joining front.

* Try to unify various patriotic classes, sections, fractions, groups and individuals and minority people in front. * Form regional committee of front in different regions. Appoint people for the organizations of front. Similarly, work should be done in sub-regions and lower levels.

* Meeting proposed the Provisional Central Committee of the National Liberation Front and its Chairman’s name. Meeting proposed following tasks to be given to Central Committee:

1. Publish Declaration of Front

2. Produce Program and Constitution

3. Hold national congress and form full-fledged central committee

4. The provisional central committee will carry the activities of front; the chairman will carry activities of front when the meeting of central committee will not be going on.

5. (Central Committee) is able to co-opt necessary members.

* Organizers of different levels and leading cadres expressed following positions on the document regarding certain comrade:

Do not appoint that comrade to any leading decisive, security-related or organizational work-related post.

On the basis of the above positions, meeting released the comrade from his post of full membership of Central Committee and its related other posts.

* Celebrate Armed Force Day (30 April), International Labor Day (1 May), Party Day (3 June 1973 is the 2nd Anniversary of Party Formation Day of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal).

On the occasion of the Days, significance of party history should be discussed. Different levels must carry celebration meeting on that occasion. On the occasion of Party Day, publish summation of past experience of party.

* Situation will not be same in everywhere of organization. Some areas may be developed, some areas may be backward or medium, in some areas, development will be principal, in some areas consolidation is principal, in some areas, armed struggles will be principal while in some areas, preparation, retreat may be principal. Yet, each area will work according to own condition by combining it with general line. It is applicable to cadres too. Some cadres will be backward. Each cadre has good and strong aspects while they have bad and weak aspects on the other side too. To work without thinking that, is one-sidedness. Consequently, work will be blindly and we shall be disappointed.

* Our principle with respect to being opportunists and renegades of those who are related to serious security:

- Try to convince them till the end and apply various tactics to stop them from being opportunists.

- Take various preparations to resist violation of security during this time

- Do not relate those with serious security who have such possibilities.

- Give capital punishment in enemy areas and put in custody in liberated areas to those who make security problem even after taking all those steps.

* In military field, solving financial problem is central task. Meeting appreciates those regions that took steps to put the decision in action. In materializing that decision, we should sum up the positive and negative experiences of the regions that took steps to put that decision in action, discover its laws and work accordingly, so that we can achieve success.

* Armed Propaganda Team carried propaganda as an experiment in an area. It made grand success. Meeting calls upon all the areas to put that in action.

* On the occasion of the second anniversary of formation of party, the following comrades are given after death membership: 1. Com. Taher 2. Com. Baten 3. Com. Polas 4. Com. Nayan 5. Com. Jillu 6. Com. Sayeed 7. Com. Shahin 8. Com. Anis 9. Com. Kuddus 10. Com. Pintu 11. Com. Razzak 12. Com. Hiru 13. Com. Nazrul Later on, more martyrs will be given party membership on the basis of further investigation.

* The Indian intervention in Sikkim further clarified their expansionist character.

* The problem of money exchange further deepened the crisis of Bangladesh puppet government. People’s wrath and hatred is intensifying in this crisis. It further glaringly proved the treacherous act of Bangladesh puppet government to sell Bangladesh to Indian expansionists.

* Petit bourgeoisie are either dogmatist or narrow empiricists. This is why their method of thinking and work is one-sidedness, superficiality and subjectivism. In organization,, they are split-ist. In politics, that is, in class struggle, they vacillate in left or right. In writing, speaking and reading, they are stereo type. The above mentioned points are different manifestations of bourgeoisie ideology. Our cadres must verify them in each of their work whether or not they commit those errors. If our activities are guided by those petit bourgeoisie manifestations, we will be foolish and defeated, while if we are free from those, we shall be wise and victorious.

* Organizers shall not express opinion on important matters before higher level put opinion. They should collect own cadres’, sympathizers’ and people’s opinion regarding that and send to higher level. Leading cadres will arrange coordination system with his/her area so that in case he/she loose contact with party for any reason, his/her area doesn’t get disconnected. Take class on leadership and on human relation. We should be very much attentive on developing cadres that are able to be leadership. Organization did not properly realize the importance of the matter in the past.

* Apart from regional subscription, each region will collect subscription for center and special region from their sympathizers. Meeting accepts the call and coupon regarding that.

* It is the duty of the organizer to make policy, utilize cadres and improve their standard. If organizer run here and there and show himself/herself busy, it will mean that he/she is inefficient. In this regard, meeting accepts Some Guide for Leadership [Appendix-I].

* Leading cadres and other cadres must submit the usage of their time in percent to higher level. The following works must be done

: – Carry responsibility given by party

- Read own self

- Make others read

- Write

- Think

- Physical exercise (Programing on foot or Bicycle included in it)

- Chat

- Take food, rest and entertainment

Add all times spent except the last one, then divide the sum total by 24, then multiply the result with hundred. Thus, determine percentage. It should not be below 50%.

* Gain Knowledge regarding general health, sickness and medical treatment.

* Any subordinate unit must not meet its need until center meets its need like printing central documents, money and security. If subordinate unit violates this rule, that will manifest one-sidedness in thinking and split-ism in organization.

* Each region shall appoint particular comrade to keep account.

* Determine the hindrances that appear before in the course of accomplishing a work. In order to clear those, first wage ideological struggle on the eve of doing that. To be solely dependent on any single matter while doing any work is manifestation of one-sidedness. Consequently, work will not succeed. First and foremost, it needs to clear the obstacle in thinking because it is thinking that controls work.

* Determine the level of organizational work, that is, which one is principal between on the one hand, level of development of organization or that of its consolidation on the other, armed struggle on the one side and development and consolidation on the other, and determine working method accordingly.

* Work with plan: monthly, half yearly and yearly etc. That is, determine work and timetable.

* Meeting accepts circular of Central Committee (1st Week March)

* Determine criterion of cadres. An organizer must have following criterion:

- Able to carry order from higher level and able to carry own decision

- Able to combine works

- Able to understand and make others understand political lines and documents

- Able to keep secrecy and security

- Able to stop mouth on special secret matters

- Spirited

- Able to write local leaflet

- Able to run problematic persons

- Able to carry organizational and military work; At least able to carry study circle, cell, military group and military attack

- Obedient to party and leadership

- Trustful and abide by discipline

- Motivated to sacrifice personal interest

- Brave

- Wise

- Study

- Dogmatism and narrow empiricism is not his/her principal aspect

- Have own knowledge on everything of a region

- Are disciplined and able to keep smaller offices

- Economical

- Try to correct errors and deviations

- Keep good relation with coworkers, lower and higher level workers

- Have idea on press and printing

- Know how to ride bicycle, swim and boat

- Flexible in discussion

- Is not split-ist in relation

- Disciplined in daily life

- Take advice

- Take care of cadres as much as possible

- Do not have love-related harmful problems

- Do not have characteristics of clique

- Do have more or less theoretical knowledge about Marxism

- Do not have vacillation

- Do not get confused in new situation

- Able to avoid error by making summation

- Arduous

- Have average idea on arms and ammunitions of party

- Have more or less idea on Medical Treatment

- Have more or less idea on sex education

- More or less physically healthy

- May stand criticism

- Are not liberalist

- Can analyze the nature of errors and correct that

- Able to determine principal task

- Able to attend program timely

- Is impressive in conversation with sympathizers and lower level

- Must be full member of party

- Must be able to make policy, utilize cadres and improve them

- Have quality to accept and actualize written or verbal good proposal, advice and order

- Eager to learn

* Determine criterion for study circle, cell and military group Different levels will propose necessary criterion for central committee members.

* We are the responsible for success or failure. Organizer is responsible for good or bad of region.

* To overcome illusion toward old society, first it is necessary to be clear in thinking, persist in to overcome the difficulties and overcome that. Thus, clear errors of thinking and habits of old society.

* Meeting granted the Seventh Communique of the Central Committee.

* Meeting granted the rules and decisions made by the Chairman.

* Members made criticism-self criticism in the meeting.

* Meeting concluded successfully by fixing the schedule of next meeting.

APPENDIX-I

SOME GUIDES FOR LEADERSHIP

* When making whole timer—

- See whether or not advanced character

- Whether or not his/her face, behavior and conversation is advanced character

- Impressive or not Do not make him/her whole timer, if he/she is not of advanced character

* Task of Leadership

1. Policy Making:

- Finding out problems and giving its solutions

- Take report, question, hold meeting to find out problems

- Read documents and theories centering on problems

- Thinking

- Finding out solutions

- Discuss about solutions (If necessary through Meeting)

2. Materializing policy/utilizing cadres:

- giving order

- make them understand by discussion

- make them understand by meeting

3. Improvement:

Carry study conference, meeting for summation of experience (before the meeting, tell them to be prepared with reading related theories), meeting of reading documents, general meeting

4. Acknowledgement of policy implementation

- Investigate

- Solve the problems that arise during that time

5. Experiment:

- Discover more developed work-method, find out qualified persons and appoint them and making experiments in other fields

6. Summation of Experience

- Find out errors and limitations of order, policy implementation and do not repeat it in future

* Leadership needs to have close contact with cadres. For that, courier center is needed.

* Appreciate good aspects of cadres and sympathizers.

* Solve the problems of criticism

* Properly apply democracy and centralism

- Ask for opinions before decision

- Convince when giving decision

- Accept good proposal if there is any

- Ask criticism and proposals

- Let the opposing opinions be submitted

- Activate full democracy – Firmly implement decisions and orders

The unchanged petit bourgeoisie say order and centralism as bureaucratic and dictatorial. It is natural for leadership to get this type of charge. If he/she does not get this type of charge, he/she is liberalist.

* Appoint cadres to appropriate posts.

* Create public opinion:

- Against opportunists

- Before demoting

* Division of labor:

- Discussion group

- Propaganda group

- Investigation group (If there is manpower shortage, investigate one area by another area’s people or by courier)

- Teacher group

- Organizer group, carrying military, study circle and mass organization

- Account keeper

- Courier, office

- Cadre history

- Regional based history

- Account

- Keeping operation sheet etc.

- Educating in different professions

- Steno type

- Radio mechanics

- Driving etc.

* Applying necessary formality: Written approval, verbal approval, letter with signature, strictness on decision

* Own Improvement:

- Problem-based study

- General Textbook

—Quotation, Five articles, People’s war

- Stalin’s ‘Dialectical and historical materialism’

- Selected readings of Mao Tse-Tung

- Our documents

* Keep close contact and hold meeting with higher level

* Reject split-ism

* Keep security

* Coordinate between various works:

- Notebook on problems

- Duty sheet

- Looking at duty sheet

* To know about different subjects, discuss with those who are learned on those:

- Doctors – Scientists etc.

- Discuss on everyone’s own interested subjects; go to politics through that

- Be good hearer and be caring

* Textbook on Leadership:

- Read ‘Some problems on leadership’ of organizational documents

- Read ‘Role of Leaders and Cadres in revolution’

- Read ‘How to solve shortage of cadres’ – [cadre - Leadership of party committee] From Quotation – [discussion - Criticism - How to do a work] From Documents

* Bimonthly plan

: – Complete consolidation before the end of Jaishtha [Jaistha is a Bengali month—Sarbaharapath]

- Improve standard, complete rectification movement

- Build leadership group

- Make study circle and guerrilla group

- Complete communication

- Appoint courier

- Forge relay center

- Collect cadre history

- Giving membership/applicant membership/study circle membership etc

* Without eliminating the petit bourgeoisie characteristics, one can’t achieve leadership capability

Following are added to the 8th communique:

National Liberation Front of East Bengal will chant the following slogans:

Long Live National Liberation Front of East Bengal!

 Long Live Armed Patriotic Force of East Bengal!

 Long Live the Chairman of National Liberation Front—Siraj Sikder! Party cadres inside front will chant:

Long Live the Proletarian Party of East Bengal!

 Long Live other parties that joined front!

And other parties will chant slogans.

People’s War in India Clippings 28/10/2014

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Police posts to secure ore-rich Surjagarh hills

NAGPUR: Iron ore mining in Surjagarh hills of Gadchiroli has remained a distant dream for private companies due to Naxal opposition to such activities in the heart of the tribal region. Though immediate solution does not seem in sight, aspirations of mining firms may come true in future when the region has fully operational police posts surrounding it. This is in line with the Modi government’s stress on reducing dependence on imports and boosting domestic production.

A highly placed source stated that Surjagarh hills in Etapalli tehsil have police posts on their three sides, except northern side. An armed police post (AOP) at Hedri, on the south-eastern side of Surjagarh, is coming up fast on Gatta-Etapalli road. This would be the closest from Surjagarh being only around three kilometers away from the mining zone. While this AOP has already started to function at an operational level, it has not been occupied by armed forces as the infrastructure is yet to be ready.

“Hedri AOP would be mid-way between Etapalli police station and Gatta AOP which were earlier separated by around 30-km stretch. Now, police presence in that highly affected stretch is available every 15 km which can be easily covered,” said a senior official. Another AOP is slated to come up at Yemli Burgi, south of Hedri, which would be 8-10 km away from Surjagarh. “This AOP has already been sanctioned. Forces are yet to be deployed at Yemli Burgi as infrastructure is not ready,” said the official.

Around 4km away on the eastern side from Surjagarh is Gatta Jambiya AOP which has been functional several years now. Gatta Jambiya AOP has been tackling the Naxal movement in the core zone of the guerillas and has been a target of the Naxals too. In the north-west of Surjagarh is Halewada AOP which has come up around couple of years ago. Halewada, around 5km from Surjagarh, too is known to be guarding one of the most affected corridor of the district marked by high Naxal violence. “This AOP too would be crucial for thwarting Naxal movement towards northern side of Surjagarh along with Kasansoor and Jarawandi sub-police stations,” said an experienced official.

It was also reliably learnt that police administration is also contemplating reviving Godsul AOP, which is on the northern side of the Surjagarh mining regions, to curtail Naxal movement from that direction. The western side of the Surjagarh mining region has Etapalli police station where a sizeable number of security forces is deployed. Inspector general of police, Nagpur and Naxal ranges, Ravindra Kadam argued that police posts have nothing specifically to do with security of Surjagarh mining region. “Our aim is to bring maximum area under police domination and intensify operations from the posts to flush out Naxals. If such intensified police activities secure mining then it would be only a bonus positive outcome,” said Kadam.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Nagpur/Police-posts-to-secure-ore-rich-Surjagarh-hills/articleshow/44958093.cms

CRPF to shift focus to Abujmadh

NAGPUR: The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is set to leave Naxal-affected Gadchiroli after being deployed there for over half a decade. The CRPF troops are shifting to a more challenging Chhattisgarh, with special focus on busting the Naxal stronghold of Abujmadh. Five battalions of CRPF are deployed at 21 locations in Gadchiroli at present. They get a major share of the credit for the peaceful polling in the recently concluded state assembly elections, along with the Border Security Force (BSF) and Gadchiroli district police.

Additional CRPF and BSF forces deployed for election duty have already been called back. It is reliably learnt that all CRPF troops are set to leave the district by March next year, paving the way for Industrial Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) to take up positions by August 2015. Superintendent of police, Gadchiroli, Sandeep Patil said ITBP deployment is still not on paper. “There is a likelihood that ITBP may come, but no official communication has been received from union home ministry or the concerned unit,” said Patil.

A highly placed police source said the CRPF is likely to shift focus of its anti-Naxal operations to Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and other places. Regularly storming the Naxal bastion of Abujmadh, straddling Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra, is learnt to be the main focus of the paramilitary force. Abujmadh, an almost inaccessible tribal region, is learnt to be serving as a haven for rebel guerrillas, with most central committee members sheltering there while controlling movements of cadre. Inspector general of police, Nagpur and Naxal range, Ravindra Kadam said that Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra police are already conducting operations in Abujmadh separately as well as jointly, but gradually CRPF would focus on the region more. “CRPF would be engaged in more intensified operations against guerrillas in Chhattisgarh,” he said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Nagpur/CRPF-to-shift-focus-to-Abujmadh/articleshow/44958079.cms

Court asks Kerala police to explain crime of Swiss national who attended Maoist meet

While hearing the petition of Swiss national Jonathan Baud, seeking to quash the FIR registered against him on charges of attending a meeting to commemorate a suspected Maoist leader in July, the Kerala High Court said the police could not explain the crime committed by the Swiss national. Directing the state government to explain which condition of the visa regulations Baud had violated, Justice P Ubaid posted the petition for Tuesday.

Baud, a student of International Economic History at Paul Bairoch Institute of Economic History in Geneva, was arrested from Triprayar in Thrissur on July 28 after he attended a public meeting held to commemorate Maoist leader Sinoj. He had introduced himself in the meeting after the audience turned curious about the presence of a foreigner. As police couldn’t establish Maoist links, Baud was charged under Section 14 (b) of the Foreigners Act, which pertains to any act in violation of the conditions of the valid visa issued for entry and stay in India. Later, he was released on bail, but could not return to his native country as the case was pending in the court.

Subsequently, Baud has been fighting in the court to get the FIR quashed and file a closure report on his pending case. During several hearings, the court had asked the police to submit details about the case, including the Malayalam translation of his speech and its audio CD. After examining them, the judge on Monday observed that there was nothing objectionable in the speech that demands framing of the offence under section 14 (b) of the foreigners act.

The court asked the police explain what visa condition Baud had violated to attract the stated offence. The court directed the government to explain which visa condition Baud had violated while attending the meeting as a curious student of politics.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/court-asks-kerala-police-to-explain-crime-of-swiss-national-who-attended-maoist-meet/

Maoist militia member held

A CPI (Maoist) militia member, carrying a reward of Rs one lakh on his head, was arrested from Visakhapatnam district today, police said. “Keesava Rao alias Balabadrudu was arrested by G K Veedi police,” said Vishal Gunni, Office on Special Duty (OSD), Narasipatnam. Rao was allegedly involved in more than 20 offences, including killing of tribals and damaging public and private properties in G K Veedi, he said. Rao, a native of G K Veedi mandal, is one of the senior members of the Maoist militia.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/maoist-militia-member-held-114102701390_1.html