The text below is an extract from a 2008 USAWC masters thesis by William Florig (a Pacific Command Civil Affairs officer) on the strategic threat of South Asian Maoism to US imperialism which advocates more aggressive US support to the Indian state.The US military apparatus has shown its continued interest in this issue with the 2012 publication of former BSF Director General Prakash Singh’s report Irregular Warfare: The Maoist Challenge to India’s Internal Security by the Joint Special Operations University which describes itself as ”the educational component of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. The JSOU mission is to educate SOF executive, senior, and intermediate leaders and selected other national and international security decision makers, both military and civilian, through teaching, outreach, and research in the science and art of joint special operations. JSOU provides education to the men and women of SOF and to those who enable the SOF mission in a joint and interagency environment.” -Signalfire
“It is unlikely that US forces would be directly involved in combating Maoist insurgency in India as it is viewed as an internal security issue. But if the Maoists are successful in carving out base areas, raising large insurgent guerrilla and conventional forces, and creating a broad united front in India to challenge the government for power, that could change as the insurgency would spread to India’s immediate neighbors and threaten much of South Asia as the networks for expansion already exist.
As US investment grows in India, US involvement in Indian affairs will grow as well, especially from an economic and security standpoint. The Maoists know that India’s high- technology sector is the capitalist star of the Indian economy and have plans to target it. Damaging that infrastructure and stopping foreign investment is one of their long-term plans that will directly confront US interests. Targeting multi-national corporations and stemming foreign investment is part of modern asymmetrical warfare. The economic ripples will be felt far beyond India. US involvement in the short term is problematic as American military literature treats Maoist insurgency as passé.
Frank Hoffman rails against the ‘classic’ Maoist model stating, “Today’s insurgent is not the Maoist of yesterday.” Clearly he has not been observing the Maoists of Nepal and India or the New People’s Army in the Philippines just to name a few. The writings of Steven Metz, one of the preeminent experts on insurgency are constantly challenging us to rethink COIN as our doctrines are based on fighting the classical insurgencies of the past. He desires to shift the focus to the insurgencies of the 21st century yet classical Maoism is raging unchecked in India, has established a government in Nepal, and is about to explode in South Asia, a place of great US economic and security interest.Current conflict is blinding us to what is to come from the Maoists.
Recommendations to Prevent Maoist Success in South Asia
The US needs to revise Joint and Army Doctrine to address the imminent Maoist threat and train US forces to counter Maoist political warfare. Future US involvement in combating Maoist insurgency will face an uphill battle as US doctrine and COIN strategies are focused on Afghanistan and Iraq. A basic student of the Maoist approach need only read FM 3-24 to note that we are unprepared for this type of insurgency. FM 3-24 is a good tactical template for US troops operating in Iraq but it has no viable solutions for conducting political warfare at any level. It dedicates only 1.5 pages to Maoist insurgency largely relegating it to history.
It acknowledges that political factors are primary in insurgencies but yet does not discuss how to work for political solutions that solve insurgencies.Alexander Alderson captures the essence of this argument well, quoting British COIN expert Frank Kitson stating, “There can be no such thing as a purely military solution because insurgency is not primarily a military activity.” Alderson continues, “No matter how radical and complex an insurgency may be, and however the campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan are interpreted, counterinsurgency is still not a military activity and current doctrine should reflect that.”
The US joint community needs to create political warfare training for combating future Maoist insurgencies under the greater umbrella of improving strategic communications from the grand strategic to the tactical level. This can be done by creating new courses in the military education system, new manuals, and doctrine devoted to Maoist insurgency and how to combat it. Iraq and Afghanistan are not the templates of the future and should not steer future doctrines. Counterinsurgency should be trained by the joint community as much as it trains for conventional warfighting. Diplomatically no regional forum exists for the states of South Asia to address the transnational Maoist problem. Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Myanmar are providing sanctuary willingly or unwillingly to the CPI-M and its associated parties.
These nations have a vested interest in not allowing these Maoist groups to expand domestically but need to develop a concerted plan to end the red terror. The US Department of State, as lead agency, in partnership with the government of India and regional democracies, must create a forum to assist in developing solutions to the regional threat of Maoist insurgency. India should be the lead regional nation to defeat it. It also needs to emphasize this problem as a greater issue for South Asia and bring Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka into regional discussions to solve this problem before it is truly out of control.
Additionally the Department of State should not recognize the new Maoist-led government of Nepal and should encourage Nepal’s neighbors to do the same. Recognizing this government in any capacity legitimizes the Maoist strategic approach and will create unlimited sanctuary for the future Maoist armies of South Asia. From a financial assistance perspective USAID funding for India is paltry and does not target Maoist infested areas. The CPI-M should not be defeated militarily, but with development and common prosperity. USAID is the key here. USAID spending in India is projected to be 180-220 million per year for the next five years.
This is a mere pittance compared to what we are spending to influence Islamic societies. Small investments in affected districts will create confidence in local governance and undermine anything the Maoists are promising from their counter-state. The USAID India budget should be raised to one billion annually, matched dollar for dollar by the Indian government, and targeted at Maoist affected districts. The US Department of Commerce can also assist by encouraging US and allied corporations to invest in these troubled areas when the security situation is stable and development has begun. This budget should be focused to target Maoist strongholds in remote areas with roads, clean water, education assistance, employment programs, health care, judicial reforms, tribal, women’s and lower caste empowerment, and democracy education; the root causes of this insurgency.
Insufficient CMO forces exist in the USPACOM theater to assist our allies in combating Maoist insurgency. USPACOM does not have any meaningful CMO forces assigned in theater to take on the task of training and assisting allied forces in development activities to counter Maoist influence. By de-emphasizing military operations and building confidence with host nation development bodies, civil and military, the joint community can demonstrate US good will to allies in South Asia. USPACOM should create a Standing Joint Civil-Military Operations Task Force to assist these nations in training their military forces in CMO and assist with development and disaster relief as required. USPACOM should also have its theater allocated civil affairs battalion assigned and stationed in theater to begin building those relationships necessary to defeat these insurgencies with our partners at the lowest level. Future force structure design should include a full civil affairs brigade with three battalions to combat the Maoist threat.
The danger to US-Indian economic and security relations from the Maoist parties of South Asia cannot be overstated. The Maoists have a real possibility in the long-term of toppling Indian state governments and eventually challenging the central government for state power if allowed to operate with impunity. They pose a transnational threat to the region with a governmental sanctuary anchored in Nepal. They are working to build a united front with the secular community, the persecuted, Muslims, Christians, and Sikhs, and are coordinating their people’s war with the insurgencies in Kashmir and India’s northeast.
Their secret counter-state infrastructure is organizing throughout troubled regions and building mass organizations of workers, peasants, tribals, youth, students, and women. The People’s Guerrilla Army is growing daily as are the village militias. If this nationwide and regional campaign is not addressed and if prevention does not become policy over containment of the problem, there will emerge a point where the Indian national capacity to respond will fail disastrously. This Indian and regional nightmare is the Maoist’s dream. The continued myopic focus on Islamic terrorism and insurgency is letting the bright future of South Asia slip away into the grasp of the Maoists.”
From pp 16-20 of THE RED SCOURGE RETURNS: THE STRATEGIC CHALLENGE OF MAOIST INSURGENCY IN INDIA AND SOUTH ASIA
Lieutenant Colonel William R. Florig US Army War College 2008
Maoist Communist Party, Manipur greets womenfolk on the eve of Nupi Lan memorial day.
IMPHAL, December 10: With the approach of 2nd “Nupi Lan Ningshing Numit”- a day to observe the sacrifices and hardships the womenfolk of this state had to endure in their fight for independence, the Central Committee of Maoist Communist Party, Manipur expressed their deepest regard and respect for those womenfolk who have borne the brunt of the struggle for independence in one way or the other in a press release issued by the proscribed group today.
The statement also views the police and advocates as the greatest beneficiaries in the present conflict, with the arrested insurgents bribing the police and advocates to spare their lives and make things easier, and reiterates the stand of the party which states that its cadres are prepared to face the worst consequences but will not beg or plead for mercy, nor will they bribe any advocates to be lenient with their cadres, but will applaud those cadres of the party who has been bearing the sufferings and pains with dignity and would only grow higher in their esteem if they could break down the prisons that are holding them back.
Adding that the women cadres of the party who are languishing in prison should be strong and carry forward the belief of their actions, and that the party is with them in their difficulties, and also wishes Irom Chanu Sharmila to defeat the suppressive forces and come out victorious in her struggle. The release further expressed its belief that the Meira Paibis of the state will march forward to reclaim the lost territories that was thrown away by the Indian Government and that they will proactively involve themselves in issues being faced by the society without discrimination and considerations of caste, language, religion or region, calling for support from one and all to bring success to the struggles the party is spearheading for the people of this state.
Naxal arrested by joint security forces during combing operation
A Naxal was arrested in the Maoist-hit Kondagaon district of Chhattisgarh, police said. Five muzzle-loading rifles were recovered from his possession. Ghasiya (30), the head of the Chema village Janatana Sarkar group of the Maoists, was nabbed from Bayanar police station limits on Monday night, Kondagaon Additional Superintendent of Police Surjit Atri told PTI. A joint group of CRPF and district police was on a combing operation when it got the tip-off and nabbed him from his native place Chema, Atri added.
Odisha: Maoist set private bus on fire for defying their whip
Report by Kishore Dash; Malkangiri: Daring the cops, the Maoists set fire to a private bus in the broad day light today for defying their whip by the operator during the recent PLGA week celebration which came to end on Sunday last. According to reports, a private bus ‘Patra Travels’ was on the way from Motu to Kalimela when a group of rebels and their tribal supporters armed with traditional weapons intercepted the bus at Telrai Junction, some 5 km from Kalimela.
Than, the passengers of the bus were asked by the ultras to alight before the vehicle was set ablaze near Telrai, the Maoist hotbed in the district. Later, the slogan shouting rebels fled the spot, the eye witnesses said. The rebels reportedly torched the vehicle as the bus was plying on the route even during the PLGA week celebration from December 2-8 despite their whip not to ply the bus. After the incident, the police and the BSF personnel rushed to the spot and launched a combing operation to nab the Maoists.
Police suspects the incident as a well planned strategy of the rebels to ambush the security personnel’s in case they could have moved following the incident. We are aware of the rebels ambush and will not fall prey into it, said a top police official here. Mean while, panic has gripped the Telrai village and its suburbs after the incident. The private bus operators have become frightened after the today’s incident on the Kalimela-Motu state highway.
Two Maoists killed in firing between rival groups
In an exchange of fire between Maoists and their rival group, two Maoists were killed and several others injured at a village in Gaya district on Wednesday, a police officer said. The incident took place at Dhangai village when the ultras belonging to the CPI(Maoist) and Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) fired on each other, Sherghati’s Sub-Division Police Officer (SDPO) Rajesh Kumar said. Security forces were rushed to the village to launch a combing and search operation against the Maoists, the SDPO said.
More firepower to thwart Red menace
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The state home department has decided to strengthen the security measures in 16 police stations in the northern districts that have been identified as vulnerable to attack from Maoists, who are trying to gain foothold in the state. The police stations selected include five in Kasaragod district, four in Kannur, three in Malappuram, two in Wayanad and two in Palakkad district.
The stations have been identified as vulnerable to the attack on the basis of a report from the state intelligence department. As per the order (GO (Rt) 2998/2013/Home), the government also sanctioned Rs3.25 crore for fortifying security arrangements of these police stations. As part of the same, compound walls with light machine gun (LMG) firing points, barricades and wire fencings will be erected. “Lights will be put up around the stations for proper view of the premises and generators will be provided for alternative power supply,” said state police chief K S Balasubrahmanian. Besides, the state is setting up a three-hundred member anti-Maoist force from armed police battalions. The force will be deputed in the northern districts for six months initially, which will be subsequently extended according to the requirements.
“As a temporary arrangement till a permanent anti-Maoist squad is set up, we have decided to draw three companies of force from the armed police battalions,” he said. The home department will also avail the services of 100 home guards, who would be drawn from schedule tribes on daily wages of Rs500. They would be deputed in vulnerable areas. “The idea is to avail the services of those who have a proper knowledge of the area and have keen interest in maintaining peace in their areas,” the state police chief said.
The services of home guards will be availed for six months, and subsequently extended after analyzing the situation and their performance. The decisions were sanctioned by the state cabinet on October 23, and the funds were sanctioned by the finance department on October 31. The state intelligence has asked for speedy implementation of the decisions, after it received information about increased Maoist presence in the northern districts. In the latest incident, the intelligence had received information about suspected Maoists just two kilometres away from the venue of chief minister Oomman Chandy’s mass contact programme in Wayanad last week.
2 reasons behind UCPN-M’s defeat in election: Baidhya
KATHMANDU: The CPN-Maoist has drawn a conclusion that the UCPN-Maoist was defeated in the election to the Constituent Assembly (CA) due to losing charm among the people and impact of boycott of the CA election by the CPN -Maoist. The political report presented by the Chairman of the CPN-Maoist, Mohan Baidhya, in the ongoing extended meeting of the central committee of the party stated that the UCPN-Maoist actually lost the election.
The meeting is taking place in the capital from December 8. The report states that there are two reasons behind the UCPN-Maoist’s defeat. Activities against nation and people and arrogance of the party were the first cause and impact of boycotting the CA election by the CPN-Maoist was the second, the report mentions. The CPN-Maoist expressed doubt whether the UCPN-Maoist would join the CA or it was just a bargain when it says rigging had taken place in the CA election.
Stressing on the unity among communist parties, the report said that it was necessary to constitute a new revolutionary communist centre by incorporating all revolutionary communists outside the party. Explaining the report, Chairman Baidhya said there would have been co-work with the UCPN-Maoist only if it had boycotted the election. The meeting would be concluded tomorrow by approving the report with amendment, it is learnt.
Nation polarised into opposing forces: Gajurel
KATHMANDU: CPN-Maoist Vice-chairman CP Gajurel today said his party had succeeded in dividing the parties in two forces — parliamentary and revolutionary forces. Addressing the five-day extended meeting of the party’s central committee at Kupondole today, Gajurel said the possibility of agreement had ended because the nation was heading towards drafting one set of constitution, thus ending the ongoing state of transition.
“Earlier, all the forces were for peace and constitution, but now the forces are divided thus creating a situation of class struggle,” he said, adding that such a situation will now create grounds for people’s revolt — the ultimate line of the party. He also said the Unified CPN-Maoist deserved the humiliating defeat because they were planning to finish off the CPN-Maoist. Leaders at the meeting had said UCPN-M chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal was responsible for everything including the deployment of the army and for keeping the party out of the election.
They also said UCPN-M leaders had done their best to arrest CPN-M leaders and cadres. Lekhnath Neupane, a central committee member said the party would devise an internal organisation strengthening plan for three months following the central committee meeting and after completing that programme, the party would struggle to dissolve and replace the Constituent Assembly with an all-powerful national political conference.
“Other parties will begin drafting the constitution from the CA, but we will go to the people along with the draft the pro-people constitution drafted by the party,” he said. During today’s meeting, central committee member Suresh Ale Magar said the party should form a front comprising like-minded forces. He said the party should discuss struggle plans because peaceful means will not be effective, while harsh measures could antagonise public sentiment. Around three dozen central leaders presented their views on Baidhya’s proposal. The meeting is expected to conclude on Thursday.
Com. Sammakka was born in a poor adivasi family in Chelpaka village, Eturunagaram mandal, Warangal district. Her mother died when she was a child and her father was a drunkard. She was the eldest daughter and so the responsibility of the family fell on her. She looked after her younger brother and two sisters. Her body was steeled with hard labour. She married the man she loved, defying the adivasi traditions there.
Her husband was a RYL activist. He used to work day and night for the organization. In the beginning, Sammakka did not understand these politics and used to fight with him demanding that he stop working for RYL. Even his sisters used to support her as they were also opposed to their brother’s participation in these activities. But he was very firm and did not waver under their pressure. The repression on him increased and he had to go underground as a full timer. So inevitably Sammakka had to come and meet the squad if she wanted to meet him and know about his welfare.
When she met the squad, she saw with her own eyes how loving and caring they were with each other and how they were striving for the common good of the people. Mainly she was inspired by their determination to sacrifice anything for the sake of the people. So she too decided to dedicate her life for the movement and told the party. She joined the squad as a full timer in 1992 and worked in the Manuguru squad. Since she was a hard worker from her childhood, she withstood all the rigours of the squad life easily. She carried the heaviest luggages of the squad. She learnt to read and write with determination.
In the military camp, she could jump a longer distance than the men comrades in the pit jump item. She had good memory and within a short period she learnt to remember which medicine to give for the different ailments. Soon she became the doctor of her squad. She worked as Rama in the Manuguru, Pandava and Kinnera squads for about two years as a party member. When Sammakka went to bring water from the Medaram village tank for the squad she was hit by the police in an opportunity raid by them and died. Such a promising working class leader was lost to the movement inflicting a great loss to the revolution. She was just 25 years old when she died.
India: Downward Slide In Bihar – Analysis
December 9, 2013 By Mrinal Kanta Das The decline in violence notwithstanding, the CPI-Maoist retains sufficient capacities for disruptive dominance in large parts of the State. Bihar’s persistent and excessive dependence on Central Forces, without any urgent effort to expand and improve the capacities of the State Police, can only leave the State and its people vulnerable to Maoist violence, whenever the rebels decide that an escalation could be strategically advantageous. —
Bihar: Persistent Vulnerabilities
Eight Policemen were killed when Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres blew up the vehicle in which they were travelling on the Tandwa-Nabinagar Highway in the Aurangabad District of Bihar on December 3, 2013. The Police party was returning to the Tandwa Police Station from a meeting on crime in the Nabinagar Block when the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) went off. Those killed included Ajay Kumar, Station House Officer (SHO) of the Tandwa Police Station, five personnel of the Special Auxiliary Force, a driver from the Home Guards, and a Bihar Military Police (BMP) constable, who belonged to a nearby village and had taken a lift.
Some weeks earlier there were reports of Maoists having harassed a panchayat (rural local body) representative in the area, after which search operations had been carried out by the Police. Barely 72 hours before the Aurangabad attack, in a daring operation in the evening of November 30, the Maoists killed three General Railway Police (GRP) personnel in Munger District. Nearly two dozen Maoists, travelling in civil dress on the 13235 Sahibganj-Danapur Inter-city train, opened fire on the escort party when the train crossed a tunnel between Jamalpur and Ratanpur railways stations, killing the three GRP personnel and decamping with their weapons.
Two persons, including a civilian, were also injured in the incident. Earlier, on November 10, 2013, the Maoists killed three persons and injured as many at Amkola village in Gaya District. Among the dead was one Sanjay Yadav, who had recently deserted the Maoist rank. The Maoists also burnt Yadav’s vehicle. The Maoists were angry with Yadav, as he was suspected to have leaked information to the Police leading to several raids on the Maoists and the recovery of arms and ammunition.
In yet another incident, suspected to have been perpetrated by Maoists, though this is yet to be confirmed, a vehicle was blown up in an IED blast killing all seven occupants in Pathara village in Aurangabad District on October 17, 2013. The victims included Sushil Pandey, a suspected Ranvir Sena (an upper caste landowners’ militia) activist and husband of Zila Parishad (district level local self-government institution) member Usha Devi.
The Maoists suspected Pandey’s hand in the killing of their cadres by the Ranvir Sena, in the Magadh region. Significantly, the ‘revenge’ attack came barely a week after the Patna (Bihar) High Court acquitted all the 26 accused in the Laxmanpur Bathe massacre case for lack of evidence. Maoists hold the Ranvir Sena responsible for the Bathe massacre, which claimed the lives of 58 dalits (lower caste Hindus) on the night of December 1, 1997.
On June 13, 2013, a group of around 200 Maoists had attacked the Dhanbad-Patna Intercity Express at Bhalui halt near Jamui District, killing three persons and injuring six passengers. Prima facie, the Maoist problem in Bihar is worsening again, after the tentative gains of 2011 and 2012. According to South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) data a total of 46 persons, including 21 civilians and 25 Security Force (SF) personnel have been killed in LWE-related violence in 2013 in Bihar. Interestingly, there has, so far, not been a single Maoist fatality in the State in 2013. Civilian and SF casualties in 2013 have also exceeded last year’s casualty figures.
On the other hand, arrests of and surrenders by Maoists have also gone down considerably. In 2012, 203 Maoists were arrested and 75 surrendered; in 2013, 76 Maoists have been arrested and just two have surrendered, according to partial data compiled by SATP. MHA data on arrests also confirms this trend, with 409 Maoists arrested in 2012, as against 260 Maoists arrested in 2013, till December 2, 2013. According to SATP data, seven major incidents have taken place in Bihar till December 7, 2013, out of which six have been reported from Aurangabad (3), Gaya (2) and Jamui (1) Districts, while one is from Munger.
In an earlier assessment, it was noted that 60 per cent of Maoist violence in Bihar occurred in just three Districts: Aurangabad, Gaya and Jamui. Recently, the Joint Intelligence Committee of the Union Government has accused the Bihar Government of being soft towards the CPI-Maoists. “There has been continual deterioration in most parameters of the counter-insurgency grid in Bihar,” a JIC report observes, underlining the fact that, while there has been a substantive decline in Maoists violence across the country, Bihar has registered an increase. “Our concern is not only sharp increase in security forces casualties but also the fact that not a single Maoists cadre has been killed in counter-insurgency operations this year compared to five Maoists killed during the same period last year,” the report notes.
While 17 encounters with Maoists took place in 2011, the number of cross-firing incidents between SFs and Maoists decreased to 12 in 2012 and, till August this year, only six encounters took place in Bihar. The recovery of weapons has also shown a downward trend — 171 in 2011 and 47 in 2013. Another report discloses that Maoists had snatched as many as 38 weapons in 2013 in the State, accounting for nearly one in every two weapons snatched in India by the Maoists. State officials, however, quite surprisingly claimed that Bihar had, in fact, been carrying out specific intelligence-based operations and been quite successful in arresting the ‘maximum number’ of Maoists in 2013.
A top State Police official thus asserted, “Only killing Maoists is not a sign of big operations”, adding that the clearing of the entire Chakarbanda area in Gaya District — which had once been a Maoist stronghold where Police did not even think of entering — was an example of how the State has been doing intelligence-based operation quietly. The Nitish Kumar Government has still not abandoned its delusions of fighting Maoists with ‘development’.
On December 2, 2013, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar declared that Bihar did not have a “magic wand” to stop the Maoist attacks, and the answer lay in initiating multiple measures including socio-economic development. Amidst all this, the State Police has taken initiatives to cripple Maoist leaders financially by confiscating their property under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA), an approach that the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA) believes other States should emulate. According to data accessed from Police Headquarters, Patna, 21 Maoist leaders’ immovable property, including approximately 44 acres of land and movable property worth over INR 20 million had been seized under the drive. On the other hand, the State has only recently announced its surrender and rehabilitation policy, formulated on the basis of UMHA recommendations.
Further, the State has announced a reward of INR 300,000-500,000 for the capture of seven top Maoist leaders. A reward of INR 500,000 has been declared for Arvind Kumar alias Arvind Singh, a member of the CPI-Maoist Central Committee. A reward of INR 300,000 has been announced for Vijay Yadav alias Sandip, who is a member of the ‘special area committee’ that covers Bihar, Jharkhand and northern Chhattishgarh. Similar rewards have been declared for Shiv Shankar Dhobi alias Tayagi, Parvesh alias Anuj, Ram Babu Ram, Prajapat and Chirag. Most of these Maoist leaders are from Jehananbad, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jamui and Motihari, considered strongholds of Maoists.
Bihar’s reluctance to take effective steps to counter the Maoist threat at a time when other States are at least putting some pressure on Left Wing Extremists (LWE), has made Bihar the favourite hunting ground for the Maoists. The failure to mount sustained pressure against the rebels has created a perfect theatre for them to extend their areas of influence and activity, at a time when these are contracting sharply in other States, and provide the Maoists with the safe haven and retreat where they can fine tune their strategy and tactics for the revival of a movement which, in their own assessment, is at a “critical stage”.
Buoyed by Red effort? Most prefer NOTA in Chhattisgarh
RAIPUR: Amid exceptionally high number of people choosing NOTA option in Chhattisgarh as compared to four other states in the assembly polls, question now being asked is whether it has anything to do with outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) efforts to encourage people to reject all candidates participating in the democratic process. In the 90 assembly segments, including the Naxalite-dominated areas of tribal Bastar, more than four lakh votes, were polled in the two-phased assembly elections. In constituencies of tribal Bastar region, NOTA polled 78,186 votes, with the highest 10,848 in Chitrakot-ST followed by 9,677 in Dantewada-ST.
Similarly, in tribal areas of Sarguja in north Chhattisgarh, an average 5,000 votes had preferred NOTA option in all eight constituencies, while in three constituencies of tribal Jashpur, the NOTA votes ranged between 4,000 and 5,500. In Marwahi-ST constituency, from where former chief minister Ajit Jogi’s son Amit Jogi was in the fray, 7,115 voters exercised NOTA option. Votes for NOTA were polled in all 90 constituencies.
“In Maoist areas, it is likely that people preferred NOTA option because of the directive by the Naxalites. Maoists can encourage people to opt for NOTA in every elections and can argue at some point of time in future that people in their areas of influence have rejected all candidates participating in the democratic process,” said former state election commissioner Sushil Trivedi. He attributed “first time excitement”, particularly among new voters, as the reason for higher votes for NOTA in areas other than in Naxalite-affected areas, as a section of younger generation could have felt that thrill of rejecting all the candidates in the fray.
“Besides, there are also cynics in the society, who think that all the candidates are not worth,” he added. Additional director general of police (Naxalite operations) Rajinder Kumar Vij told TOI “As of now, we have no inputs whether the Maoists had directed or encouraged the people in the tribal areas to exercise their franchise on NOTA.” Before elections, there were reports that Maoists were conducting training camps with dummy EVMs in Bastar region to make the people aware about the NOTA option, if at all they decide to go out for vote. These reports also quoted that the rebels were telling people that it was best tool to protest against government’s exploitation. However, Maoists had appealed to people to boycott elections, but they could not enforce it because of the unprecedented security arrangements.
Security Beefed up After Maoist Attack
Police administration has mobilised force in Kumbariput village following the killing of two locals by Maoists suspecting them to be police informer on Saturday night. Sources said over 30 armed Maoist cadres under Koraput-Srikakulam divisional committee entered the village and called villagers Bandhu Saraka and Das Huika from their houses and cut their throats with sharp weapons. Later, they ransacked local telephone exchange and beat up one home guard and supervisor of the exchange. The attack did not end there. The Red rebels burnt four vehicles and machineries kept for road construction of RSS company costing over `4 crore before leaving the village.
Before leaving, the Maoists left behind a letter signed by divisional secretary of Koraput-Srikakulam Dalam Daya. The letter stated that Bandhu and Huika were killed for their link with police and the Maoists burnt the company’s property as it was engaged in road construction work which was being opposed by them for quite some time. Remarkably, the attack was committed 15 km from Bandhugam police station where both armed police of State and Central Government were camping. Koraput Police SP Aswini Kumar said police operation was on in the areas . As many as 20 villages have been killed by the Maoists by branding them as police informers in sensitive Narayanpatna and Bandhugaon areas in past few months.
Wanted Maoist Nabbed
A former Maoist cadre identified as Elias Munda alias Ajay (21) was on Monday arrested and forwarded to court by Bisra police in Sundargarh district. Bisra IIC Susant Das said Munda of bordering Chirubera village in Bisra block has been sent to judicial custody. His claim of having quit the Maoist outfit two years back is under verification, he added. Among other cases, he was wanted for twin murders of Home Guard Kandri Lohar and her three-year-old son. He was also named in a case by K Balang police for planting land mines to ambush police party.
Hunt for Maoists on Near Karnataka Border
Police and the Thunderbolt team continued search in the forest areas near the Karnataka border on Monday after a tapping worker reportedly spotted a five-member team of suspected Maoists at Prappoyil town near Cherupuzha two days ago. Police and the Thunderbolt team had conducted searches in the nearby forests on Sunday also. The search operations continued on Monday in Kottathalachi and Chenattukolli forest areas under the leadership of Kannur Narcotic DySP P C Babu, Thunderbolt SI Prabhakaran and Peringome Additional SI Narayanan. But, the joint police team could not find any trace of Maoist presence in the area.SI Narayanan told ‘Express’ after the search operations that they could not find anything that could be connected to Maoist presence.
Singapore charges 24 over Little India riot
Police in Singapore have charged 24 Indian nationals with rioting after violent protests on Sunday night over the death of a migrant worker. Police cars and other vehicles were set alight during the unrest in Little India. It was Singapore’s first riot in more than 30 years, police said. The hour-long disturbance broke out after an Indian migrant worker was knocked down and killed by a bus.
Fresh violence rattles Turkey-Kurd peace process
Turkish riot police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at Kurdish protesters armed with rocks and Molotov cocktails yesterday in a new upsurge of violence that has rattled the fragile peace process. Two demonstrators have been killed and four soldiers briefly kidnapped by guerrillas in the southeast of the country in the worst unrest since a ceasefire adopted by the outlawed Kurdish rebels nine months ago. Fierce clashes erupted for a fourth day yesterday in the far southeastern town of Yuksekova, where the trouble first broke out on Friday night over the alleged destruction of the graves of Kurdish fighters. Police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse about 3,000 Kurds who pelted them with rocks and Molotov cocktails and attacked police security cameras and street lights, an AFP correspondent said.
Iron and steel workers’ strike escalates
Egyptian Iron and Steel Company’s (HADISOLB) workers announced on Tuesday that they would continue striking until their demands are fully met. Approximately 5,000 workers at the company’s Helwan factory began their 14th day of strikes on Tuesday. Mohamed Omar, alleged leader of the strike, said last Wednesday that their demands include payment of their profit share, an improvement of working standards, the removal of the company’s board members and the return of dismissed workers. According to the demonstrators, 13,000 workers are owed a total of EGP 192m for 16 months’ worth of production bonuses.
Italian police fire tear gas as thousands stage “Pitchfork Protest”
Dec 9 (Reuters) – Police fired tear gas as thousands of farmers, truckers and unemployed people disrupted road and rail traffic in cities across Italy on Monday in protests aimed against targets ranging from banks to the tax collection agency, Equitalia. Protesters stopped trains at Turin’s main station by walking on the tracks and gathered in front of the Piedmonte regional council. Smaller protests caused disruption in the northern regions of Veneto and Emilia Romagna and in Sicily in the south.
Guerrilla leader captured in Peru
Lima, Dec 10 (EFE).- A leader of one of the remnants of Peru’s Shining Path guerrilla group has been captured, President Ollanta Humala said. Fabian Huaman was in charge of the “organic and military reconstruction” of the illegal armed group in the coca-growing Huallaga River Valley, Humala said. The arrest of Huaman, who went by the alias “Hector,” foiled the rebel group’s plan to reorganize its forces, the president said. Huaman was captured as a result of a joint National Police and army intelligence operation, the Defense Ministry and Interior Ministry said in a joint statement.
Radical Teachers Union CNTE Gives Mexico a Harsh Lesson
SAN LUCAS QUIAVINI, Mexico—During a recent teachers strike in this Zapotec Indian town in the poor southern state of Oaxaca, parents who brought in replacement instructors discovered that the children hadn’t been taught the words to Mexico’s national anthem. Instead, they had been trained to sing a popular leftist song which acts as an unofficial anthem to a local chapter of the teachers union. “We don’t know the words to the Mexican anthem,” said Leticia Diego, a student, apologizing to a visitor one recent morning. About a dozen seventh-graders then shyly sang the leftist anthem, “The People United Will Never Be Defeated.”
The union here is the National Coordinator of Educational Workers, or CNTE, a radical and powerful wing of the country’s national teachers union. Analysts say it has long maintained an iron grip over some of Mexico’s poorest states—one that goes beyond what children are taught, and extends to lengthy strikes, disruptive protests and violent clashes. Now, as Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto begins to implement an overhaul of Mexico’s troubled public school system, the CNTE has stepped up its efforts to fight the government.
The Wind of Colonial Repression in Corsica-Solidarity with the accused!
Following the arrest of twenty people in Corsica last Monday , PCMF and OC-FR offer their total and unconditional support for the arrested and their families. The activists are known for their involvement in the Corsican National Liberation movement . The imperialist French State has accused them of actions against the cost of living, against real estate speculation and against symbols of government repression .
The first raid took place in Corse-du -Sud, in the villages of Propriano, Sartène and Olmeto under the command of the judge Gilbert Thiel ( responsible for the arrest , imprisonment and deportation to Spain of the of comrades PCE (r) and GRAPO and the detention of many Breton revolutionary militants). Not less than 140 policemen , including a group of the GIGN , with the support of the Office of Counter-Terrorism ( BLAT ) of the gendarmerie, were involved in the arrests.
The second raid took place in Bastia and Luri (Haute- Corse) on the sidelines of the investigation of an ” attack ” against the sub-prefecture of Corte, 2012. Those arrested belong or are close to the organization Ghjuventù Indipendetista (Youth independence ), one activist Nicolas Battini , is currently incarcerated in the prison of Bois d’ Arcy (Yvelines) . In response, Ghjuventù Indipendentista blocked access to the university Monday afternoon in Corte .
Similarly, the association for the defense of prisoners Sulidarità organized two rallies Monday night : one in front of the police in Bastia , in Ajaccio another before the gendarmerie. The PCMF and OC-FR demand the release of the arrested comrades and the release of all prisoners fighting against national oppression and colonialism Corsican , Basque and thoseof Guadeloupe, Martinique, Kanaky , Réunion, Guyana , etc..
LIBERTA PER TUTTI I PATRIOTTI CORSI INCARCERATI !
RIGHT OF SELF DETERMINATION FOR CORSICA!
FORWARD WITH PEOPLE AND NATIONS oppressed by the FRENCH STATE ! 11/26/2013
Maoist Communist Party of France ,
Communist Organization – Future Rouge.
French police in arrest swoop over Corsica bombings
AJACCIO, Nov 26 — Police on Corsica made 17 arrests yesterday in connection with a 2012 wave of arson and bomb attacks on second homes and the attempted car bombing of a public building. Police sources said the arrests had been made at locations across the French island and involved individuals connected to the island’s nationalist movement, sections of which are suspected of having links to organised crime and have also been blamed for a recent spate of murders. Interior Minister Manuel Valls described the police action as a signal of the government’s determination to dismantle Corsica’s “mafia” culture. “We will take as long as it takes to find, arrest and put before a judge all those who believe explosives can be used to solve economic problems or to grab parcels of land,” Valls said.
Yesterday’s arrests were linked to investigations being carried out by a Paris-based anti-terrorism judge into, amongst other incidents, two waves of attacks, on May 11 and December 7, 2012, which resulted in more than 40 residences being destroyed or badly damaged, but no injuries. Most of the targeted properties were coastal villas which had either just been finished or were about to be. The Corsican National Liberation Front (FLNC) claimed responsibility for what it described as actions against speculation on the island. The FLNC was also behind the bombing of a number of supermarkets and other retail outlets considered to be symbols of French rule in September 2012. Seven of yesterday’s arrests were in connection with an attempted bombing of a local government building at Corte, in the mountainous interior of the island.
The seven were all said to be close to another nationalist group, Ghjuventu Indipendentista. One of the group’s activists, Nicolas Battini, 20, is currently in pre-trial custody on suspicion of trying to blow up the building with a car bomb that did not detonate. Another young Corsican, Stephane Tomasini, has also been charged with involvement in the incident. Yesterday’s arrests were condemned by Sulidarita, an organisation that defends the rights of what it sees as Corsican political prisoners in French jails, as “a police roundup directed exclusively at the nationalist movement”.
In Naxal heartland, NOTA plays spoilsports for BJP
In the Naxal-infested pocket of Bastar, people rejected the candidates contesting the election by pressing none of the above (NOTA) button in the electronic voting machines in a big way that ruined the prospect of ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the region. Interestingly, four of the 12 assembly constituencies in Bastar had recorded the number of NATO votes more than the vote difference between the winner and the loser.
The NOTA vote option was introduced in the polling for the first time. “It was really surprising that in Bastar that had been otherwise known as undeveloped pocket, people had come out in such a large number to reject the candidates,” a political observer in Bastar said. In all, 77,327 votes in the NOTA account were counted in 12 assembly constituencies of Bastar.
Assembly elections: Highest ‘NOTA’ recorded in Naxal affected area in Chhattisgarh
Bhopal/Raipur: As many as 10,848 voters exercised ‘none of the above’ (NOTA) votes in Chitrakot, a small constituency in the naxal-affected Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. This was the highest number of NOTA, an option available for the first time to voters to reject all the candidates, in all the four states where assembly elections’ results came out on Sunday.
Police patrol escapes Maoist blast
Latehar (Jharkhand): A police patrol had a narrow escape today after its two vehicles passed barely seconds before Maoists triggered a blast on NH-75 in Latehar district. Police said at least 11 police personnel in the two vehicles were patrolling a stretch on the national highway under Maneka police station area when the ultras triggered the blast at a spot they passed barely seconds before the explosion.
Maoist Posters Found
Even as PLGA Week concluded without any report of violence or Maoist activity in the areas bordering Balangir, Bargarh and Nuapada, Maoist posters and banners were found in Jamseth, Mandosil and Chindeikela under Paikmal police limits on Sunday. The posters and banners called upon the people to celebrate the 13th PLGA Week from December 2 to 8 in their villages and urged youths to join the PLGA and drive away police and security forces from their areas. The posters and banners, which have been issued by the CPI (Maoists), were seized by the CRPF and police even as it created a flutter among the villagers.
Odisha: Maoists kill two, set ablaze vehicles
Two persons were killed and at least five vehicles were set ablaze by Maoists in the Koraput district of Odisha, police said. The deceased have been identified as Bandhu Saraka and Gato Huika of Kumbhariput village under the Maoist-affected Bandhugaon police limits. Around 100 Maoist operatives struck at Kumbhariput on Saturday night and dragged the two out of their homes and slit their throats. Maoist letters recovered from the spot stated the duo was killed for allegedly working as police informers, police said. Later, the ultras attacked a construction site and set ablaze a truck, one road roller, two JCB machines and one grinder machine engaged in a road construction work, as they were opposing the road construction work.
Two Most Wanted Maoists Held in Odisha
Odisha Police today arrested two wanted Maoists during a combing operation in Koraput district. The arrested Maoists have been identified as Nabin Praska and Sana Wateka. Police said they were tipped-off about the movement of the duo near Dumbaguda area under Narayanpatna police limits and accordingly an operation was planned.
“While Nabin is involved in 10 murders, Sana has killed five people. Besides the arrested duo are involved in several Maoist offensives including extortion, blocking roads and felling trees,” said SP (Koraput) Awinash Kumar. According to police the duo had joined the Maoist organization four years back and was working for the Koraput Srikakulam divisional committee of the Andhra Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee.
Odisha: Maoists released two abducted tribal villagers in Malkangiri district
Bhubaneswar: The Maoists released the two abducted tribal villagers on Sunday after threatening them to stop directly or indirectly helping the security forces. They were abducted four days ago from Gamphakonda village in Malkangiri district. On Thursday, one among the three tribals whom the Maoists had abducted on Wednesday night had escaped from the clutches of the ultras. The other two, including Gamphakonda sarpanch’s son Padia Madhi, reached the village on Sunday. The ultras alleged that they were helping the security forces in the anti-Maoist operations. During Padia’s release, the Maoists threatened him to tell his sarpanch father Irma Madhi to resign from his post.
CPN-Maoist mulls CA dissolution as party line
REPUBLICA KATHMANDU, Dec 8: The agitating CPN-Maoist has proposed making dissolution of newly-elected Constituent Assembly (CA) as the main working policy of the party in the days ahead. The party that actively boycotted the recently held CA has made the proposal in its political paper presented at the ongoing central committee meeting, arguing that the CA II was the main obstacle to their possible agreements with other political parties. “CA II has stood as the main obstacle to any kind of consensus with other parties. We will therefore make it our party line to dissolve the CA II through the movement,” CPN-Maoist Secretary Dev Gurung told Republica. Gurung said the dissolution of the CA would not have been necessary had other parties including the UCPN (Maoist), Nepali Congress and CPN-UML agreed to correct the unconstitutional move to form government under sitting chief justice.
“Situation has become complicated after the election. The country has now reached to the stage before 1991 general election,” he argued. The party in its political paper to be deliberated in the ongoing Central Committee meeting has proposed making the issue of national sovereignty and independence as their other main agenda items. “In the past, agents in Nepal would rule the country in collusion with foreign forces. But now everything is dictated by foreign powers. We will fight against this neo-colonialism,” Gurung further said. The party has also concluded that the country was heading toward regression.
“What we have been saying since the formation of the chief justice-led government has come to be true. Our agenda has been politically established,” Gurung added. During the meeting, the heads of the party´s various 15 state committees had presented their analyses on their election boycott and the party´s future course of action. “Overall, there was a conclusion that the election boycott of the party was highly successful. And our agenda was established politically,” Gurung said. Party leaders said the meeting will forge party´s future course of action including the role of the party in view of the recently held election. The meeting will deliberate on whether to play constructive role from outside the CA for drafting progressive constitution or to launch street protests to foil “the CA designed by foreign forces”.
Dahal’s defeat party’s win: CPN-M
KATHMANDU, DEC 09 – In its post-election debrief, the CPN-Maoist has claimed that its ‘successful’ anti-election campaign and the ‘humiliating defeat’ of the Pushpa Kamal Dahal-led UCPN (Maoist) was, in combination, an ‘ideological and tactical’ victory for the party. In the party’s Central Committee (CC) meeting on Sunday, leaders said the struggle against the CA in the past few months has established the party as a ‘parallel and alternative’ force to the parties that contested the November 19 election. Party Chairman Mohan Baidya is scheduled to present a political document on Monday. In the document, which was distributed to participants, Baidya has said the party achieved the desired results from the anti-election campaign.
The document also suggests that the party is ‘conditionally open’ for unification with all revolutionary forces, including the UCPN (Maoist). It further says that the party is targeting to lead a communist revolution in the country. “The party (CPN-M) should now lead the entire communist revolution of the country by bringing all the communist parties under its ideology and programmes,” a CC member quoted the document as saying.
The leaders said that the party will now remain open to unification with UCPN (Maoist) if it agrees to “correct its ideological deviation.” Baidya’s document is expected to clarify the party’s outlook on the CA, ending a longstanding division among the party leadership on whether to struggle through the streets with other like-minded forces or through the CA. CPN-Maoist Secretary Dev Gurung said his party will choose the streets over the assembly, as the major parties have not shown seriousness in meeting their demands. “There cannot be a compromise unless the major parties agree to ensure the constitution through a roundtable conference. The conference has become even more important in the aftermath of the election as the nation looks fractured like never before,” said Gurung, adding that his party is open to dialogue on fresh national consensus. The roundtable, according to Gurung, should resolve all the contentious issues of constitution-writing.
He said that the five-day CC meet will reassess the party’s past strategies and lay out its future political course. Sources said Baidya’s document will also review the party’s new relations with other political forces, including the UCPN (Maoist), and clarify its perception of India. Some leaders told the Post that many low-ranking leaders are pushing the party leadership to stay ‘conditionally open’ for unification with the UCPN (Maoist). In the meeting, many leaders said Dahal’s vote rigging allegations were a ‘product of his defeated mentality’.