Paris solidarity action of OCML VP, AFA Paris, Femmes en lutte 93 and Organisation communiste Futur Rouge (OCFR) as part of international week of solidarity with Ahmad Sa’adat and Georges Ibrahim Abdallah.
Georges Ibrahim Abdallah is a political prisoner in France (since 22-10-1984), his country Lebanon was occupied by the Zionist regime with the help of NATO forces. Lebanon has been invaded by “Israel” since 1967 then was mostly free in 25-05-2000. Beirut, the capital itself, was under Zionist occupation in 1982. Georges ABDALLAH was injured twice in these invasions. He was one of thousands combatants barehanded defending their country against a military machine.
His first beliefs started in SSNP (Syrian Social Nationalist Party) which refuses the imperialist division of the Syrian nation : refusing Sykes-Picot secret settlement in 1916, just one year before the Belfour promise to Jews to settle in south of Syria (known today as Palestine). In 1919, the US King-Crane commission confirms the will of this people against the imperialist division of the region. Still the region was divided and south was occupied. Georges resisted as an PFLP member (the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine): a Palestinian Marxist-Leninist organisation founded in 1967. He established the LARF (Lebanese Armed Revolutionary Fractions) trying to stop military weapons transition that destroy Beirut and the Palestinian camps (remember the Sabra and Shatila massacres). He was life sentenced with 15 years as a minimum sentence.
Since 1999 seven requests for conditional releases were denied. In January 2012, the chief of DST (Directorate of Territorial Surveillance) M. Yves Bonnet who was responsible for his arresting declared to the press that M. ABDALLAH has the right to call his actions as resistant actions, not terrorism as he was accused. Yves Bonnet called the court to hear his testimony. He was received in the court on 15-02-2012.
An international campaign for the liberation of Georges Ibrahim ABDALLAH was launched in april 2009, from Beirut. Today, support committees are present in France, Lebanon, Tunisia … The armed resistance had liberated all the Lebanese captive war prisoners from “Israeli” jails (jails in Lebanese territory; in 2000 and in Palestinian occupied territories; in 2008), Georges ABDALLAH is considered one of these heroes and is very respected in his country but in France too where two cities made him their honorary citizen : Calonne Ricouart and Grenay.
In 2003, the French judge accepted his release but the French government under the US pressures appealed the judge decision and the final judgement was denial and rejection in 2004. In France we doubt the independence of law authority from the political one and we consider George I. A. as a political prisoner since 1984. The Lebanese government asked officially his release during the visit of the Prime Minister MIKATI to Paris in February 2012.
Receive our solidarity greetings on the occasion of the holding of the Second International Conference of Solidarity with the People’s War in India! Circumstances beyond our control prevent us from being physically present with you, but we celebrate with you the 10th anniversary of the glorious Communist Party of India (Maoist) as we reaffirm our support to the International Committee to Support the People’s War in India and its objectives. We are confident that this meeting will mark a step forward in the vital solidarity work that revolutionary communists, anti -imperialists and progressives of all countries should develop with our comrades and the broad masses of India, who are fighting with great courage and determination for national liberation, New Democracy and socialism against a reactionary state that is well integrated into the world imperialist system and is supported by all the big imperialist powers.
The events that occurred since the successful holding of the First International Conference in November 2012 in Hamburg make it even more necessary and urgent the deployment of a broad solidarity with the revolutionaries of India. In India, the reactionary state is continuing its efforts to crush the people’s war. Since the launching of Operation Green Hunt five years ago, the repressive forces of the Indian state attacked indiscriminately the masses who support the people’s war and are taking part in the building of a new power. The goal of this vast operation, which takes the form of a war against the people, is to eliminate the soil from which the movement that has already begun to shake the old state and the reactionary classes is taking shape.
This war has already inflicted terrible suffering and made thousands of victims among the people of India. But it did not succeed in destroying nor extinguishing the aspirations for liberation of the masses of this country, which are embodied in the movement led by our comrades from the CPI (Maoist). By launching Operation Green Hunt, the Indian state acted as reactionaries of all countries who, as Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out, “lift a stone only to drop it on their own feet.” In fact, the massacres perpetrated by the representatives of the Indian state have prompted different sectors of Indian society to condemn them and show solidarity with the Maoists. The same thing happened abroad—albeit on a smaller scale—where thousands of voices were heard denouncing Operation Green Hunt and the all-out repression exercised by the Indian state.
The broadening of the mobilization in solidarity with the masses of India is intolerable for the reactionary state. This is the reason for the hysterical response of Indian authorities to the setting up of the International Committee to Support the People’s War in India and the holding of the Hamburg conference. This also explains the recent campaign launched by the Indian state against progressive and democratic sectors, organizations and activists who dared to denounce Operation Green Hunt and defend the legitimacy of the revolutionary movement. The cowardly arrest of Professor GN Saibaba and dozens of other activists aims both to terrorize the urban masses and discourage them of supporting the struggle of the Adivasis and poor peasants, and to isolate the Maoist revolutionaries.
In the long term, these attempts are futile and doomed to failure: history has repeatedly shown that even the worst repression can never stifle the aspirations to liberation of the proletarian and popular masses. In the short term, however, they pose a real challenge and there is an urgent need to stop them and to inflict a defeat to the reactionary state. The work done since its inception by the International Committee to Support the People’s War in India is already considerable. The initiatives it took and the international days of action it called for have brought together the genuine revolutionary forces and encouraged them to take action and bring to the fore the issue of the revolution going on in India and the role played by the CPI (Maoist) in this process. We believe that this work must continue and grow with the objective of building an even larger movement in solidarity with the people of India.
As we stated at the Hamburg conference, we think that there is no contradiction between supporting the people’s war and developing a broad mass movement against Operation Green Hunt and the repression enforced by the Indian state. Indeed, the existence of such an anti-imperialist and democratic movement can only serve the continuation of people’s war until its victory. In the short term, the building of such a movement is the main task of the parties and organizations that want to support the people’s war in India. That is why we supported and we are still supportive of the International Campaign Against War on the People of India (ICAWPI).
As much as we need to bring together and unite the genuine communists behind the banner of Maoism that is uphold with courage and determination by the CPI (Maoist) comrades, we must also dare to mobilize and unite all the forces that could oppose the anti-people war being waged by the Indian state—whether they are in agreement or not with all of the objectives of the People’s War and the New Democratic Revolution in India. And insofar as we consider such a movement necessary, it is a responsibility for supporters of the People’s War than to build this campaign, even if it seems to be less active than it was when it was launched a few years ago and if the comrades in charge of this campaign are no longer able to reply to emails that one could send to them.
It is in this context that we support the coming international delegation as a unique opportunity to confront the reactionary state, condemn Operation Green Hunt and the all-out repression against the people and expose the hypocrisy of the so-called “largest democracy in the world” that the imperialists and reactionaries will cherish and defend by all means.
Full success to the International Meeting in Support to the People’s War in India!
Long Live the Communist Party of India (Maoist)!
Move heaven and earth to stop the war against the people of India!
KATHMANDU: CPN-Maoist Secretary Netra Bikram Chand today claimed that ‘status quo’ existed in his party as well. CPN-M claims that other parties, including the Unified CPN-Maoist, favour status quo. Speaking at a programme organised by local party committee of Goldhunga today, Chand, who has been presenting differing views against party Chairman Mohan Baidhya, revealed that there was struggle among the forces favouring progress and status quo in his party. He was referring to the party establishment led by Chairman Baidhya including Vice-chair C P Gajurel and General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa among many others.
The greeting exchange programme was organised to mark Tihar festival and Nepal Sambat 1135. Chand said his faction would never give up even if the establishment betrayed the people. “There exists contradiction between the forces favouring status quo and revolution in the party. Though some leaders could surrender, we are ready to die but won’t give up,” he said. Secretary Chand, however, claimed that the party won’t split anytime soon. Chand said his party was ready to join constitution drafting process if the parties were ready for co-existence and partnership.
Raipur: A naxal was on Wednesday gunned down in an encounter with security forces in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Sukma district, police said. The face-off took place during a combing operation near restive Birabhati forests under Bhejji police station limits, Sukma Superintendent of Police D Shrawan told a news agency. A joint team of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Cobra (Combat Battalion for Resolute Action), a specialised unit of CRPF and district force was carrying out search operations in the Bhejji region of south Bastar, around 500 kms from Raipur, Shrawan said. When they reached Birabhati and Jaggawaram forests, rebels opened indiscriminate firing on them following which they retaliated.
After a fierce gun-battle, the ultras retreated to the core area of the forest. Later in searches, body of a slain naxal in uniform and a SLR rifle was recovered from the spot, he said. The identity of the killed naxal is yet to be ascertained, he said adding his body was being retrieved from the forests.
Maoists admit to facing difficult situation in Bastar
The Communist Party of India (Maoist) has accepted that it was facing a “difficult situation” in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh where it was dominant until recently. In a statement issued by Gudsa Usendi, spokesperson of the Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee (DKSZC), to “condemn” the surrender of DKSZC member Arjun and his wife Ranita before the police in Telangana, the party said the couple could not withstand the “difficult time” faced by the movement. “Arjun and Ranita overestimated the enemy power as undefeatable in the present tough times. But these are only the phases of any revolutionary movement,” claimed Gudsa Usendi adding that their surrender did make a “negative impact” on the party.
“Not a single day is passing without the ‘usual’ encounters and fake encounters of both revolutionaries and common people in the movement areas. Excessive cordon and search operations, area dominations, loot, destruction, mayhem, tortures and atrocities on people by the government forces are going on in Dandakaranya,” said Abhay, the spokesperson of the CPI(Maoist) central committee in another statement. Bastar has witnessed a large number of Maoist surrenders in the past few months, apparently reducing the dominance of the party in an area considered its “base area.”
On the deployment of the Naga Battalion in Chhattisgarh, the DKSZC spokesperson appealed to the Naga jawans not to come to Chhattisgarh “as slaves in the service of exploiters” and raise their voice against ‘forcible deployment’ and express solidarity with the Adivasi people fighting for their very existence. The outlawed outfit also condemned the re-arrest of Goppanna Markam, an alleged senior Maoist leader by the Bastar police and termed it “illegal and unconstitutional.”
Forces deployed at Balapam to check Maoist backlash
This measure was taken after the Sunday’s incident where members of CPI (Maoist) shot dead Gemmili Sanjeeva Rao, a spiritual leader and native of Veeravaram village, after branding him as a police informer near Balapam on Sunday night. In retaliation, about 300 Girijans surrounded the Maoists and killed three of them, including Sharat a Divisional Committee Member of Korukonda area committee and two militia members- Korra Nageshwara Rao and Palla Ganapathi. According to SP K. Praveen, there may not be an immediate retaliation from the Maoist side, as they are a political party and would not antagonise the tribal people further.
“They will first review the incident at the divisional level and at the most may call for social boycott of the village,” said Mr. Praveen. But he was fast to add that there may be a backlash between the villages. Sanjeeva Rao was a Khond and militia members who were killed were Bagatas from Gillebanda and Sabbapalli villages of the same Balapam panchayat.“There is a traditional rivalry between the two tribes and we have posted our forces just as a precautionary measure,” said Mr. Praveen. Sources say Sanjeeva Rao’s popularity as spiritual leader attracted the wrath of the Maoist. As per a letter recovered from Sharat’s kit bag, Sanjeeva Rao was branded as category-I threat, as he was trying to wean away tribals from the Maoist path through his spiritual preaching.
GUMLA: A former Maoist cadre was gunned down by his comrades at Kanshikna village in Gumla. Maoists gunned down their former old and dreaded cadre, Mangal Nagesia near Kanshikona village touching boundary of both Raidih and adjacent Palkot police station in the district on late Monday evening. He carried a reward of Rs 5 lakh on his head. The incident took place when Nagesiya, who had formed his own group called Janhit Kranti Party was at small hamlet near Kanshikona with his small squad including a woman member. Maoists are believed to have looted arms after carrying out the incident. Police recovered the body on Tuesday, OC of Raidih police station Rajiv Ranjan. After shooting him dead, the Reds are believed to have taken away the woman with them.
The incident took place at about 8.30 pm. Maoists encircled the house where he was staying and shot him dead.According to OC of Raidih police station, Khudi Munda’s squad of Maoists was involved in the incident. Maoist leader Vishwamitraji is learnt to have taken responsibility for the incident on Monday night in a misive to the local media. Nagesiya, a resident of Kanshikona village under Raidih police station was earlier with CPI (Maoist) holding rank of sub zonal commander for several years and to him goes the credit of establishing the same in Raidih – Palkot areas in the district. Later, he parted ways with Maoists and joined hand with PLFI in the same capacity. But three years ago he formed his own group and he came in the hit list of both banned organizations. For last 13 years Nagesia Mangal had unleashed a rein of terror in Gumla and Simdega districts here and Jashpur district of bordering Chattisgarh. There are at least 60 cases of murder and extortion against Nagesiya who had joined CPI(Maoist) – then known as Maoists Communist Centre(MCC) in 1999- 2000 with different police station areas, a police officer said.
Raipur: Three Maoists were arrested from separate places in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Bastar region, police said today. Two hardcore cadres – Jilaram Jaggu (24) and Manaru (28)- were nabbed by the Special Task Force from Geedam police station limits of Dantewada district last evening, Superintendent of Police Kamlochan Kashyap told PTI. Acting on a tip-off that the ultras had arrived at their native Arla village in Geedam region, around 450 kms from the state capital, a squad of STF was mobilised towards the place, Kashyap said. After encircling the village, the security personnel nabbed the two Naxals, who were involved in an attack on police party, abduction and various other offences in the region, he said.
In another incident, a rebel was apprehended from Kanker district’s Antagarh police station region. Mangau Ram (36) was caught by a joint team of district police and Border Security Force while he was keeping a tab on the movement of security personnel in Upperkamta forest, a police officer said. The Naxal was wanted in connection with several criminal offences, including murder, attack on police party and torching vehicles, he said, adding that the interrogation of the nabbed rebel was on.
From the country where the “Arab Spring” took place, where the masses shook and toppled down pro-imperialist regimes, our militant and internationalist support reaches the People’s War in India and the party leading it. Although Tunisia is a small country of 10 million people in North Africa, it gained, especially in recent years, a considerable importance for the revolutionary development in the region. After the first the miners’ strike of Gafsa and Métlaoui in the south of the country in 2008, on December 2010, the uprising against the decades-long regime of Ben Ali broke out in Sidi Bouzid, again in the south of the country.
Since the days of Bourguiba, the first president of “independent” Tunisia tied to the French imperialist bourgeoisie, this area has been doomed to the economic and social underdevelopment by the domestic comprador bourgeoisie mainly base in Tunis and the cities on the coast. Against this condition, the strikes by miners and other people’s masses (mainly of the youth) in the South of the country, increasingly extended to workers, youth, women across the country, including the petty and middle bourgeoisie and the intellectuals. Massive strikes combined with roadblocks and attacks on the hated army barracks and police stations across the country led to the fall of the regime. All this recent history is well-known.
What is perhaps less well known, even within our movement, is how varied the presence of the Maoists in Tunisia is. There are different groups and parties operating both in the biggest cities and the countryside. These comrades together carry out revolutionary work among the different sectors of society and are at the forefront in the support to the PW in India and the party that leads it. As he Maoist Communist Movement in Tunisia wrote in the message to the International Conference in Hamburg: “We are proud of the progress made by the CPI (Maoist), especially since 2004, year of its formation, and we congratulate the militants and fighters who, thanks to their determination and bravery, were able to free up one third of the “Indian” territory and founded the people’s power, the new democratic power.”
And, as the Maoist Communist Organization in Tunisia wrote for the same occasion: “As Maoist Communist Organization in Tunisia we would have taken part in this international conference to express our support for the People’s War in India led by our comrades of the Indian Communist Party (Maoist).” This solidarity consists not only of the words sent to Conference in Hamburg by these organizations belonging of the wider Maoist Tunisian movement but also of actions the comrades carry out in the daily struggles they lead.
For example, the students front, particularly in the university, where the organized form of the students, the student union UGET, is heavily influenced by the social-democrat parties of the Popular Front, the support to the PW in India implies a sharp theoretical and ideological struggle against those who advocate the peaceful means and electoral road to socialism. Leafleting, solidarity messages from students Tunisian, meetings in the have been organized in recent years with this purpose. Some art students put their skills at the service of the latest international campaigns, realizing hand-drawn posters.
Another example is the support to political prisoners, whose struggle is all the more broad and important in Tunisia, a country where the youth who participated in the revolt against old regime and continue fearing even the current one, of so-called “transition” (indeed restoration) and other opponents in general are arrested, beaten and tortured. On the last day of June 19, dedicated to Saibaba, chairman for the RDF arrested by the Indian regime, the comrades of the MCM-T issued a message and a poster to create a “bridge” of struggle against the suppression ongoing both in Tunisia and India.
As in the words of the message sent to the Hamburg Conference: “We understand the ferocity of imperialism and its servants against the revolutionary movement and the people’s war in particular, we understand why they have done their utmost to derail the uprisings in the Arab countries in their favour. Without revolutionary leadership, these spontaneous uprisings could not go far, even if the masses continue to fight with teeth and nails.” Lenin said that the best example of proletarian internationalism is to make revolution in own country, In Tunisia as in India, the revolutionary strategy is the Protracted People’s War, with the creation of liberated zones in the countryside to encircle the cities. Tunisia has vast areas of the countryside and over the past few decades there have been experiences of armed struggle, particularly in the North-west and South of the country, where guerrilla units such as Fellagha led encirclement campaigns against the colonial forces in the years of the national liberation struggle, 1952-1954.
Unfortunately, from these favorable objective conditions in Tunisia currently take advantage only the jihadist groups which can easily move and realize actions through he porous borders with Algeria and Libya. We must also learn from the last revolt, that showed the rebel character and a prominent role of young workers from outskirts and suburbs. Right two days ago, other youth we can say “democrats” organized “the first demonstration against the ISIL in an Arab and Muslim country.” We do not know exactly the nature of this protest. In any case, to develop a relentless struggle against Islamic fascism represented by forces such as ISIS is a necessity since they are an obstacle for the revolutionary forces.
We have to take into account all these elements in the application of the general strategy of the PW. The Islamist hegemony is a problem that affects the entire Arab world, where currently many armed groups turn to jihad and no revolutionary organization develops armed struggle, excepted some forces in Iraq. It is obvious that in order to assert the path of PPW in the countries of the North Africa and Middle East, the first goal to achieve, it the theoretical and political defeat of Islamist movements and groups, which often rely mass support (This problem is most evident in Palestine with Hamas). Secondly, there is the struggle against neo-revisionist forces.
This work serves the growth and strengthening of Maoist parties in the countries of the region by joining the Maoists in the ideological struggle against existing deviations, as the pan-Arabism, that looks at non-proletarian theories and forces disguised as “anti-imperialist”, as Baathism, Nasserism and even Islamism, arguing a “united fronts”with reactionary forces such as Hezbollah or Hamas, holding them as “nationalist”. It is a serious issue. Particularly the contradiction within the people arising from the influence that the Islamic religion on the masses of Middle East North Africa region. For this reason, the interesting debate started in the International Meeting “From the uprisings to the revolution in the Arab countries” held in Paris on 2011 has to go on and be deepened.
The events of the last few months concerning the ISIL show once again that the reactionary religious movements are mirrors of imperialism. They both oppress the masses. Because of the lacking of a Maoist leadership in the region, the fight against ISIS is waged by a front including imperialists and Zionists, the same who sponsored the ISIL in anti-Syrian function, the pro-imperialist Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga, the Syrian Kurds of YPG, who claim to be anti-imperialist but welcomed the bombing of imperialism on Syria.
The victory of this front will not solve the problems of the masses. The Maoist parties and organizations in Turkey, Kurdistan and Iraq can and must be a solution for this situation. In Palestine, the hegemony of Hamas on the one hand and, on the other hand, the revisionists do not allow the Palestinian people to undertake the path of the PW. The People’s War in India and the party that leads it, whose tenth anniversary we celebrate today, as well as other people’s wars, are an ideological beacon for the development of Maoism in the MENA region and to assert the path of the PW.
As put by the comrades of the Maoist Communist Movement in Tunisia in the Conference in Hamburg: “We state that the people’s war in India is our war, because imperialism and its lackeys launched a war on the workers, exploited and oppressed peoples all-around the world, and in front of this violence of the reactionary state, only the People’s War led by the Maoist Communist Party can lead to the victory, the liberation and the construction of people’s power, the new democracy, opening the road to socialism.” We wish that the anniversary of the formation of CPI (Maoist) be a good omen for the birth of new Maoist parties which launch people’s wars in North Africa and the Middle East, historical necessary opportunity at the service of the world proletarian revolution.
CHHATTISGARH: MIGHT OF A FRAGILE REVOLUTION – ANALYSIS
On the morning of 18 October 2014, Shiv Kumar, a personnel belonging to the Chhattisgarh Armed Police was pulled out of a passenger bus in Sukma district by a group of Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) cadres and killed. Kumar was ill and was on his way to the hospital when the bus he had boarded was waylaid by extremists. On the previous day, Raghunath Kisku, Founder Member, Nagarik Suraksha Samity (NSS), an anti-Maoist organisation, was killed by Maoists in Ghatshila sub-division of Jharkhand’s East Singhbhum district. Kumar was the 69th security force personnel and Kisku, the 164th civilian, to be killed by Maoists in 2014.
Other activities perpetrated by the Maoists till 15 September include 125 attacks on the police; 40 occasions of snatching of weapons from the security forces; and holding of 25 arms training camps and 46 jan adalats in areas under their influence. While the occurrence of larger attacks have substantially decreased, the number of extremism-related incidents roughly remain the same compared to the corresponding period in 2013 – indicating the continuation of the challenge. And yet it is a hard time for the Maoists. Till 15 September, 1129 CPI-Maoist cadres were neutralised, including 49 who were killed in encounters, and 1080 cadres, arrested.
While the outfit can take pride from the sacrifices made by these men and women, what continues to trouble it is the perpetual desolation creeping into its ranks and files, leading to a large number of surrender of its leaders and cadres. Among the 395 who have surrendered till 30 September are leaders like Gumudavelli Venkatakrishna Prasad alias Gudsa Usendi, Secretary, Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee (DKSZC), arguably the outfit’s most potent military division based in Bastar and his wife Raji; GP Reddy, Member, the DKSZC, and his wife Vatti Adime; and Bhagat Jade and his wife Vanoja. According to the Chhattisgarh police, over 140 cadres have surrendered between June and September 2014 in Bastar alone, partly due to the disillusion with the outfit’s ideology and partly convinced by the police’s method of highlighting the discrimination suffered by the local Chhattisgarh cadres at the hands of those drawn from Andhra Pradesh.
Press statements of the CPI-Maoist, while condemning these surrenders as demonstration of opportunism and desertion of the movement by corrupt and politically degenerated persons, admit that the revolution is currently undergoing its most difficult phase. The CPI-Maoist has accused the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government in New Delhi of launching the third phase of Operation Green Hunt, a ruthless war aimed at annihilating the Maoists who are the “biggest threat” to its “pro-reform” policies.
Asserting that it has merely only engaged in a “war of self defence,” the outfit has called for a “widespread struggle to fight back the threat by uniting all the revolutionary and democratic forces.” Its progressively declining capacity to annihilate enemies since 2010 – in spite of the ability to pull off some of the most spectacular attacks on security forces and politicians in recent years – has remained a matter of worry for the CPI-Maoist. Its failure to disrupt the parliamentary and state assembly elections coupled with a regular desertion of its cadres has descended as an existential threat on the outfit that once controlled one-third of the country’s geographical area.
Even with the persisting bureaucratic inertia and unimaginative security force operations, most of the affected states have gained in their fight against the extremists. However, the outfit’s domination over large swathes of area in Chhattiagrh, Odisha and Jharkhand with significant presence in states like Bihar provides it with the ability to continue with its small ambushes. Its recruitment and fund raising ability appears to have shrunk. And yet, the outfit harps about a people’s militia “now in thousands” united by apathy of the state and carefully calibrated image of the government being a representative of the exploitative industrial houses.
Hence, a scenario in which surrenders and killings of the Maoists would push the outfit into oblivion is remote. The Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), after months of deliberation, is now armed with a new policy to counter the Maoists. The policy, subject to cabinet approval, would remain open to use “any element of national power” against the extremists. Although it does not rule out peace talks with the extremists, it makes the peace process conditional to the CPI-Maoist renouncing violence. It plans to make the state police the lead counter-insurgent force against the extremists while assigning the central forces, especially the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the responsibility of holding the counter-insurgency grid together “like a glue.”
While impressive in its nuances, the approach is guided by the belief that it is possible to wipe out the Maoists by force alone. The impact of the new official counter-Maoist policy remains to be seen. However, in the clash between a militarily ‘down-and-not-yet-out’ CPI-Maoist and the official security apparatus that has its own set of serious problems, little more than persistence of the logjam can be expected.
Cops claim duo indoctrinated youths in ‘Mumbai-Surat Golden Corridor’ under aliases Comrade Rajan and Comrade Bhoomi; Bhelkes say there is no evidence.
A month-and-a-half after the arrest of two alleged Maoists in the city — Arun Bhelke and his wife Kanchan Nanaware — the state anti-terrorism squad (ATS) has opposed the duo’s September 30 bail plea, claiming that confirmed information has been received that they were working as area commanders of the ‘Mumbai-Surat Golden Corridor’, handling the key posts of ‘Comrade Rajan’ and ‘Comrade Bhoomi’ respectively. Investigators claim they indoctrinated many youths with the Maoist ideology in this zone and that money recovered from them was meant to spread their ideology and recruit more.
Assistant commissioner of police of the ATS Aurangabad unit, Shantaram Tayade, submitted that during interrogation, Arun alias Comrade Rajan revealed that he was the area commander of the ‘Golden Corridor’ from Gujarat to western Maharashtra, operating between Pune and Mumbai. Bhelke admitted that his primary objective was to recruit men aged between 18 and 22 years for the cause. Tayade added, “Maoist Naxalites have reportedly established a strong base in this industrial town stretch. Both were experts in altering their identity and address using fake IDs and PAN cards. There are several cases pending against them. Releasing them on bail may hamper investigations.”
The court is expected to deliver its order on October 31, the next hearing date, on the bail application filed through lawyers Wajed Khan-Bidkar and Tosif Shaikh. Advocate Shaikh said, “After they were sent to judicial custody on September 26, we filed a bail application requesting the court to consider that there is no evidence against them. In the Binayak Sen case, the recovery of Naxalite literature was not deemed an offence.” While requesting that the bail application be rejected, ATS Pune submitted that police are yet to obtain reports from the Kalina forensic laboratory on laptops, hard disks, pen-drives and data cards recovered from the accused. They reiterated that the duo are core members of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist).
At the same hearing, 33-year-old Kanchan also submitted an application before additional sessions judge N P Dhote, urging that she not be kept isolated in the ‘anda cell’ of Yerwada Central Jail where they are currently housed, as she is suffering from heart-related problems and hasn’t been treated for a long time. Kanchan further submitted that only hardened criminals are housed in this cell, not undertrials like her; according to the jail manual, she ought to be incarcerated in the main jail. After going through her application, the judge has asked for a detailed report from the jail authorities. Khan-Bidkar added, “ATS has made no fresh arrests after these two. It is twisting details of recovered items to seek further custody and has no evidence to prove Maoist links. Besides, Kanchan is a heart patient. So, both are liable to be free on bail.”
Revised central policy flags new southern theatre on Maoist map
NEW DELHI: Maoists have a presence in as many as 15 states across India, including a new “southern theatre” in the tri-junction of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, while their front organisations exist in 21 states, according to the Centre’s assessment under the policy unveiled last week to tackle Left-wing extremism. The new tri-junction, particularly the Sathyamangalam forests where sandalwood smuggler Veerappan once held sway, is government priority as it feels the Maoist situation…
Cane Bombs Recovered from Maoist Hideout in Munger District
MUNGER: Security forces today recovered two powerful cane bombs and fuse wire from a Maoist hideout in the Bhimbandh forest in Munger district. Carrying out a search operation against the Maoists in the Bhimbandh forest, the security forces, comprising CRPF and police, recovered two cane bombs, weighting 20 kg each, and a 100 meter fuse wire from Patthadiha locality, Superintendent of Police Varun Kumar Sinha said. The search operation against the ultras is on, he said.
Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee (DKSZC) of Communist Party of India (Maoist) strongly opposes the decision by the Centre-State Governments to deploy Naga Jawans in the struggle areas of Dandakaranya. We appeal to Naga Jawans to oppose the implementation of this decision and not to come to Chhattisgarh as slaves in the service of Exploiters, raise their voices to oppose forceful deployment and express solidarity towards the Adivasi people of this region who are fighting for their very existence.
We feel it is appropriate to make Naga Jawans know that the India’s exploitative ruling classes and their representative – the Central Government – is the common enemy of Naga Nationality and India’s exploited-oppressed masses. If forcefully sent to struggle areas in spite of your opposition, perform your duties passively. Do not commit atrocities on the people. During battles, lay down your arms. In all possible ways provide us with information. We welcome the statements given by officers of Naga forces and the Naga State Congress unit in opposition to sending Naga forces to Chhattisgarh. It is well known that during the notorious militarized, well-organized, repressive fascist operation Salwa Judum too, Naga forces were sent to Chattisgarh.
Due to strong mass resistance by the struggling people of Dandakaranya and the heroic resistance by PLGA under the leadership of our party as well as due to the opposition by Naga people, families of Naga Jawans, Naga students and intellectuals, Naga agitators, civil rights organizations and activists, the Central and Naga State governments were forced to call back Naga forces from Chhattisgarh. During that time, many Naga Jawans lost their lives in people’s war and also many of them got injured. Now Naga forces are once again being used to intensify the Operation Green Hunt, which is a countrywide unjustified war on people, launched in 2009 to wipe out our Party, PLGA and people’s democratic power organs – the Revolutionary Peoples’ Committees.
It is the conspiracy of the exploitative-ruling classes that on the one hand, since decades military might is being used by the Indian Government to annihilate Naga national liberation struggle, and on the other, it is using Naga forces to suppress Dandakaranya Adivasis who are fighting for their rights over Jal-Jungle- Jameen. This policy of Divide and Rule of the British colonialists is inherited by the Indian comprador ruling classes.
Our Party from the beginning is in wholehearted support of the right of self-determination including secession of the North Eastern nationalities. It strongly opposes Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA). After Modi-led BJP government came to power, it can be seen that the India’s expansionist policy is being implemented aggressively. The implementation of the agenda of Akhand Bharat is going to be speeded-up either by taking suppressive measures or by attempting to crush national liberation struggles in South Asia.
The need has arisen for all national liberation struggles of the North East to unite with India’s New Democratic Revolutionary forces. In the end, we appeal to the leading organisations of the Naga national liberation struggle and all North-Eastern national liberation struggles, civil rights activists, families of Naga Jawans – especially their mothers, friends and relatives, students and youth to wage a strong and militant mass agitations against the deployment of Naga forces in Chhattisgarh.
(STATEMENT OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE ON THE 2ND ANNIVERSARY OF PARTY FORMATION)
On 3 June 1973, the Proletarian Party of East Bengal is completing its second year of formation. In those two years, Proletarian Party has achieved very much precious experience and solution of many fundamental problems related to party formation, armed struggle and national liberation front. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal has been able to combine universal truth of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought with the concrete condition of East Bengal more successfully.
In this duration of time, the Proletarian Party of East Bengal— Achieved significant experience of armed struggle;
Achieved efficiency on correctly determining political line by analyzing critical political situation;
Gained experience of successfully defeating and smashing faction inside party;
Mastered the method of ideological reconstruction of petit bourgeoisie class origin cadres;
Realized how to carry struggle inside party correctly;
Invented the correct way of unifying outside party revolutionaries. Thus, solved the problem of establishing and maintaining class unity;
Invented the way of actualizing line of united front to unify and organize outside party people. Thus, solved the problem of establishing national unity;
Has been able to assess military strategic situation and determine task accordingly;
In organizational field, solved the problem of consolidation, improvement, simple administration, establishing of single center and maintaining it and eliminating dirt; The Proletarian Party has achieved grand success in the meantime. These two years is the golden time in the history of development of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal.
A revolutionary party is needed to make revolution. The East Bengal people’s struggle for national liberation and democracy repeatedly failed due to lack of leadership of a revolutionary party. Despite British were overthrown as result of two hundred years long struggle, people’s struggle for national liberation and democracy did not succeed; as consequence of capture of power of Pakistan by the bureaucratic capitalists and feudalists, the national democratic revolution remained unfinished. People of East Bengal carried repeated struggle to complete the national democratic revolution. Hundreds of thousands of people sacrificed their lives.
The bureaucratic capitalists and feudalists of East Bengal invited Indian expansionists and handed over East Bengal to them. Thus, people’s those struggles failed due to not having leadership of a revolutionary party. History of long days has proved that except the leadership of a revolutionary political party of proletariat, no other class political party can lead people towards liberation. The proletariat of East Bengal is the most progressive developing class, which has scientific theoretical basis to make revolution: Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought. The revolutionary masses of East Bengal grasped Marxism with very much eagerness, tried to transform themselves to proletariat, organize political party of proletariat and provide leadership in people’s liberation struggle.
But the unchanged non-proletarian class representatives captured the power of leadership of proletariat, developed revisionist-reformist party in place of proletarian revolutionary party, betrayed with proletarian class and people and misguided them The proletarian revolutionaries of East Bengal rebelled against the reactionaries to establish a revolutionary political party of proletariat by overthrowing all those revisionists and on 8 January 1968 established the “East Bengal Workers Movement” to establish political party of proletariat.
Thus, a new chapter was initiated in the history of revolutionary struggle of East Bengal. Inexperienced young revolutionaries, by neglecting the extreme difficulties, persisted on revolutionary practice and tried to combine theory and practice and master universal truth of Marxism. Their childish inexperience, immaturity started to transform into experience and maturity. Thus, they achieved the qualification of establishing of the political party of proletariat.
In 3 June 1971, in great Payarabagan, the “Proletarian Party of East Bengal”, the political party of East Bengal proletariat was established amidst the artillery firing of the Pak military fascists. The historic role of East Bengal Workers Movement ends. Thus a new chapter began in the history of the revolutionary struggle of East Bengal. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal continued to carry revolutionary practice with the target of clearing absence of a revolutionary party to carry revolutionary struggle of people of East Bengal.
The Proletarian Party of East Bengal from the very beginning took armed struggle as the only path of liberation of people. Party took line of taking armed struggle as the main form of struggle and building armed force as the main form of organization under party’s leadership. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal heroically carried national liberation struggle against the Pak military fascists. At the same time, party opposed the conspiracy of occupying East Bengal by the Indian Expansionism and their lackey the Awami League fascists. Party sustained and continued to carry activities in face of huge pressure from on the one hand, the Pak military fascists, on the other hand, the Indian Expansionists and their lackeys. Lots of cadres, guerrillas and sympathizers and supporters, through great sacrifice have made the contemporary struggle bright.
In context of occupation of East Bengal by the Indian expansionists in December 1971 and formation of puppet government, the Proletarian Party of East Bengal made correct analysis of the emerged political situation and determined correct political line. During that time, party successfully held its first national congress and determined political line. In congress, party correctly decided dogmatism as the main danger for party.
Congress elected new leadership of party. In congress, some careerists and opportunists infiltrated inside leadership. Soon they made all-out effort to capture party power and smash party through making conspiracy in collusion with inside and outside party opportunists. They carried factional activities inside party and made clique. Thus, the traitor Fazlu-Sultan clique emerged. The clique failed to meet its target because of the correct line of party, vigilance of party leadership and sincerity of cadres. In order to uproot the influence of clique, party carried huge ideological struggle. In this objective, rectification campaign was carried on some subjects.
Thus, party mastered the Marxist style of carrying ideological struggle. Carrying anti-clique ideological struggle and rectification campaign is complete a new event in the history of revolutionary struggle of East Bengal. Soon, the clique was completely defeated ideologically, politically and organizationally, and they were expelled from party forever. While carrying counterrevolutionary activities, some of them were annihilated. Party-development got some losses due to formation of clique, but party achieved very much valuable experiences on various points at the same time. The clique is party’s negative teacher. Clique was able to come into being as result of combination of dogmatists with narrow empiricists.
Party took the decision to carry rectification campaign against dogmatism. In course of the rectification campaign, party achieved further deepened knowledge about ideological reconstruction of petit bourgeoisie origin cadres. Party deeply studied petit bourgeoisie ideology and its manifestations and realized that this is the fundamental problem of revolution of colonial-semi colonial-feudal-semi feudal countries to reconstruct petit bourgeoisie class origin cadres. In this regard, party correctly determined relation between thought and action, between genius-qualification and practice, between intellect-prudence and mode of production.
It is action that gives rise to idea; while on the contrary, idea controls action too. Practice is primary; genius and qualification depend on practice, while genius and qualification influence practice on the contrary. Genius is nothing but zeal, perseverance and deliberation. Intellect and prudence is dependent on mode of production, on the other side, intellect and prudence are helpful in changing mode of production. Thus, party gained the key to solve the questions of starting more developed working method through changing thought and correcting working style; improving the standard of cadres and creating qualified genius cadres.
Party solved the problems of keeping internal unity, correctly carrying internal struggle and criticism-self-criticism. Apart from keeping internal party unity, party invented scientific method of how to unify outside party revolutionaries and made effort accordingly. Apart from carrying internal struggle, keeping internal party unity, at the same time, party invented how to establish class unity through unifying outside revolutionaries. Along with establishing class unity, party took step to establish national unity. Broad section of people of East Bengal is patriot. Bit part of them is petit bourgeoisie. They are basic allies of revolution of East Bengal.
Victory of revolution depends on unifying them under party leadership. Therefore, it is indispensable to forge necessary organization under the leadership of the class proletariat to unify them. National liberation front of East Bengal and its affiliated organizations are such organizations, though which, petit bourgeoisie and other patriots of East Bengal can be united. Thus, party has taken decision of forming national liberation front to lead the whole people of East Bengal in national liberation under party’s leadership.
Thus, party took the correct line of carrying and organizing petit bourgeoisie, other patriot classes, sections, and national-lingual-religious minority people in national liberation war in a united way. This time, in military question too, party solved fundamentally important and far reaching significant problems, which are closely linked with armed struggle and party development. Party solved problems related to national enemy annihilation; invented very much productive method of rural propaganda through Armed Propaganda Team.
Party invented how to assess military strategic situation, and accordingly how to determine ideological, organizational, political and military works of party. In organizational question too, party achieved great success. Fundamental problems have been solved like improvement of cadres and alleviation of shortage of cadres. In this period, party achieved important concepts related to the role of cadres and leaders in revolution, relation between on the one hand, level of party and revolution and on the other hand, qualification of cadres; keeping and strengthening single center inside party and more developed leadership.
Different levels of party have mastered party-development affiliated formality, division of labor, experiment, summation and easy administration. Before consolidating organizationally, party needs ideological consolidation. Party mastered the method of organizational consolidation through completing process of ideological consolidation, elimination of dirt, taking the green, improvement, collection and verification of cadre history, forming units, giving membership and applicant membership etc.
Party learned many daily working styles and techniques and how to determine level of work via organizational practice (development or consolidation, armed struggle or preparation, retreat etc.), know oneself and determine policy accordingly, assess total situation, make bimonthly, half-yearly and yearly plan, make proper use of situation, make proper use of working capacity. But in organizational field, party seriously has shortage of capable leadership to use total capacity of regions and correctly carrying activities. Party must overcome the shortcomings.
The experience of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal proves that correct political line manifests in correct organizational line and military line. Correct political line does not fall from the sky or it is not inborn, but it comes from correct ideological line, that is, combining Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought with concrete practice of revolution of East Bengal. A correct line necessarily develops through struggle against erroneous lines.
The correct lines of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal developed through struggling against inside and outside party erroneous lines. Those wrong lines are on the one hand, rightist and on the other, left in form and right in essence. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal incessantly developed in correct path by struggling against on the one hand, right line and on the other hand, ultra left line as expression of petit bourgeoisie impatience. Party advanced through struggling against outside party rightist Moni Singh-Mojaffar revisionists, Kaji-Rono and Deben-Basar and on the other side, left in form but right in essence the Huq-Toha and Motin and Co.
The existence of the above mentioned Marxist named groups is working as a serious hindrance to the unity of the proletarian class and people. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal is giving line of class unity to the proletarian revolutionaries, national unity for national based unity and line to contact with general cadres. It is a must that as result of three dimensional principle, general genuine cadres affiliated to different groups except a few enemy agents and opportunists will unify with the Proletarian Party.
Thus, existence of those groups has become very much limited. But as long as enemy area sustains, the so called Marxist named groups are able to come into being. Even some groups may develop under government aid to confuse people. But those groups will not be able to solve day to day problems, improve cadres, persist in or continue to struggle to achieve target. Therefore, their general cadres will join the Proletarian Party, the enemy agents and opportunists will be isolated and ruin.
Before 25 March (1971—sarbaharapath), the East Bengal Workers Movement was limited to intellectuals of a few cities. It was the first stage of party development. After 25 March, party spread to rural areas, rural work expanded more than cities, party developed mainly among intellectuals of cities and countryside. It is the second stage of party development. At present, party has spread to almost all the districts of East Bengal. Party is taking roots among workers and peasants through intellectuals of cities and countryside.
That is, party is entering the third stage of its development. Soon, party will spread to the whole countrywide and take root among workers, peasants and petit bourgeoisie masses of cities and countryside. Thus, party will become a national based and mass based one. Soon, guerrilla war will spread in wider regions under party’s leadership, massive guerrilla region will develop and in some areas, situation may develop like building base areas. The wonderful preparation and initiation of party created huge possibilities. In terms of people and arms, party developed hundred times higher than pre 25 March and in thinking, it is several thousand times higher.
Today, people want to rebel as a result of exploitation and plunder by the Indian Expansionism and their lackey the Awami League fascists. They realized that their bloodshed went in vain. Their struggle for independence and democracy remains unfinished. Today, people seek correct leadership. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal has achieved ideological, political, organizational and military experience to lead people in revolutionary struggle.
Do not be arrogant with the great success of party. Keep your head cool, sum up experiences and achieve more success. In the course of liberation of people, this success is just a preparation, a mile in several thousand miles. Therefore, we have to be perseverant, clear all obstacles and persist in achieving victory. In order to achieve further more success, cadres have to change their thinking and correct their working style.
These success of Proletarian Party of East Bengal has been achieved through the correct line produced by comrade Siraj Sikder by combining universal truth of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought to the concrete practice of revolution of East Bengal and cadres’ persisting in materializing that. Cadres of whole party must change their thinking and correct their working-method, learn from comrade Siraj Sikder and bring further more victories for party and revolution.
Party solved fundamental problems in ideology, politics, organization and military field. Now it needs to change thinking, correct working method and materialize the above mentioned lines. The experience of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal proves that if there is correct line, smaller force gets bigger, an armed force develops from nonexistence. The line of the Proletarian Party of East Bengal is correct. Therefore, one day, party will be able to capture political power too. On the other side, if line is wrong, achieved successes will be lost.
It is applicable to Huq-Toha, Motin-Alauddin, Moni Singh-Mojaffar. The Proletarian Party of East Bengal has been able to build strong base right at the initiation and is advancing by taking well preparation. Dawn is the image of the day, and a good preparation is the sign of good finishing. Therefore, victory of the Proletarian Party is inevitable. On the party formation day, party is expressing grief for the martyred and arrested comrades and all the cadres are taking oath to materialize their dream. Comrades are promising to break the imprisonment of the arrested and appoint them again in revolutionary practice. Party wishes long life for proletarian revolutionaries of East Bengal as well as long life for comrade Siraj Sikder.
A Maoist was arrested and some explosive devices and weapons were seized from him at a village in Odisha’s Rayagada district today, police said. The ultra, identified as Haribandhu Kadraka, was caught during an operation by the police from a hide-out at Sarapally under Muniguda police station, Superintendent of Police, Rayagada, Siba Subramani said.
Police recovered three electric detonators, a tiffin bomb, three IEDs, three live cartridge of 7.62 mm (SLR) and two Maoist banners and huge electric wires from Kadraka, who hails from Rajuguda village in Muniguda police station jurisdiction, the SP said. At least 11 criminal cases are pending against him under Muniguda police station, he said.
Three Maoists were lynched by a mob of angry villagers on Sunday night at Korukonda village in Andhra Pradesh bordering Malkangiri district of south Odisha. The incident occurred at Korukonda village, in Balipam panchayat under Annavaram police station of Andhra Pradesh adjacent to Malkangiri district in Odisha. According to senior police officials of south Odisha who are keeping watch on this incident, the three ultras slain by angry villagers have been identified as Sharada, Ganapathy and Ganeswar Rao. They were militia members of Korukonda area committee of outlawed CPI (Maoist) organisation, which is active in this bordering area of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.
According to sources, a mob of angry villagers armed with lathis and sharp agricultural tools had attacked a group of Maoists who were holding their ‘praja court’ near the village on Sunday night. The villagers were angry over killing of an innocent civilian of their village named Gemini Sanjeeva Rao by the Maoists few days back. Rao had been killed after his trial by Maoists in a similar ‘praja court’ conducted near the village. It is suspected that some more Maoists may have been injured by the villagers, who have escaped into the jungles.
Bokaro: Following the recent arrest of Maoist leader Mukhlal Mahto alias Mochu, the security forces have now set their eyes on Santosh Mahto, another armed squad leader active in the Gomia block of the district. The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) believes the arrest of Mukhlal has come as a huge blow to the rebel outfit especially in Jhumra and its surroundings areas. CRPF commandant Sanjay Kumar said Mukhlal was long wanted by police for his involvement in several incidents of Maoist violence in this area. A resident of Jamnijara village in Jhumra hill, he apparently had a considerable influence in the region.
“The arrest of Mukhlal was a major setback for Maoists. Mukhlal was leading the armed squad. Next we would want to nab Santosh Mahto,” he said. Mahto is also heading an arm squad, but it is a small one comprising six-seven cadres. His base is Luggu hills. Mahto’s squad manages to evade arrest by hiding in the jungles of the hilly terrain as they are few in numbers. Raids to nab Santosh are, however, on, said the commandant.
The Revolutionary Proletarian Feminist Movement, generated organization of PCm Italy, salutes today, from this international meeting, with deep revolutionary joy, the 10th anniversary of the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), party leading the great people’s war in India against the increasingly reactionary Indian state and imperialism; we salute all the members of the Party and the revolutionary masses fighting in India and in particular the many women who in the march toward to achieving of a new power, the people’s power, which represent an integral broad and decisive part of it; and we also pay homage all the men and women who fell martyrs in battle, raising even higher the red flag of revolution.
At the International Conference in Hamburg, on November 2012, coinciding with International Day against the violence on women, we launched the proposal to construct a bridge/link of solidarity/support with Indian women “both to acquaint the popular and proletarian women masses in our country the war of the Indian people and the direct protagonism in it of the many women comrades and thousands Indian women, and, on the other side, find the strength and the example to let progress also in our country the revolutionary process in which women will be protagonists, especially the proletarian women”.
And indeed we started to build that bridge since that 25 November, when at the international level we particularly dedicated that day to the Maoist women in India; and then advancing in our country towards new and important stages of struggle in the spheres of women, especially with the first historical women’s strike on 25 November, 2013 and more recently on March 8 this year, each time directing our internationalist gaze to all workers and proletarian women struggling in the world, especially to all revolutionary women who are at the forefront of people’s wars. We wanted to raise hands higher and higher and shake them together with our sisters in India, because India is becoming a symbol of the violence of the capitalist and imperialist system, particularly and in all aspects against women, and today, with the new Modi’s fascist and pro-imperialist government, this process quickly increasing. In India, the old feudal traditions, the family tribalism, religious fundamentalism in the vast areas out of the big cities, are combined in the modern megalopolis with the savagery of the bunch, the new bullying, where imperialism adds new aberrations to the old ones.
Anuradha Gandhy, comrade Janaki, deceased leader of CPI(Maoist), who developed the theory of the revolutionary women’s movement in India and organized them in several areas, in an interview to Poru Mahila on March 2001 organo of Krantikari Adivasi Mahila Sanghatan, speaking about women in urban areas, said: “Though all women in India are under feudal, capitalist, imperialist and patriarchal oppression, it is seen in various forms in different areas, the urban and the rural areas. The working class and middle class women in urban areas have some specific problems. Firstly, if we look at the problems inside the family, even in urban areas women are oppressed by the feudal culture. (…) The unmarried girls are under pressure to marry men from the same caste and same religion(…) Even if a woman wants to work outside home she will have to take the permission of her father, brother or husband. People of some castes and religions (for e.g. the Muslims and Kshatriyas) do not like their woman to do jobs. So it becomes inevitable for women to fight even for economic independence. (…)Especially since the past 25-30 years may be India is the only country in the world where the new crime of burning brides for dowry has come into vogue. (…) Women in urban areas have many opportunities to step out of home and work. They get jobs in factories, offices, schools, hospitals and shops. But in many jobs they are not paid equally with men. (…) On top of it they have to face harassment from the contractors and the men under whom they work. This takes place in many forms. Not only the working class women but even educated middle class women are facing such harassment. (…) Lastly, another point is the influence of imperialist culture is very great on the urban women. They are not only influenced by consumerism but are also victims of it. This is increasing day by day. Instead of human values they are giving more importance to beauty and beauty products. As a result there is an environment of insecurity due to atrocities and harassments in the urban areas.”
But especially in India violence, killings of women – against which in recent period large mass demonstrations took place in several states, in which the participation of women, youth was huge – are perpetrated directly by the Indian state as instrument of repression, especially in rural areas where the people’s war advances and raping of peasant, Dalit women by the police, military and paramilitary forces, has become a routing as part of Operation Green Hunt, and rapes are hideously combined with torture against the Maoist women in custody. Many women, comrades, however, have turned this violence, the hard conditions of their life, the state repression into a powerful factor of rebellion and joining the people’s war. Around 40% of fighting force consists of women and they constitute a fundamental part of the revolutionary people’s war led by the CPI(Maoist). “People’s War had shattered the hesitations of the women.” said Anuradha Gandhy speaking about the adivasi women who massively joint people’s war in DK, but it occurred in all areas affected by people’s war, so that the State fears the numerous participation of women and tries to oppose them in many ways.
So, that of women is one of the basic issues addressed by the CPI(Maoist), to develop and strengthen the revolutionary militancy of women. Many of them are cadres of the PLGA, yet steps have to be done to fully assert their leading role. Anuradha Gandhy wrote: “…Wherever the party is working systematically, we can see that the participation of women is more in all political activities and movements. … Likewise there is a need to give special social and political training to women members in the squads and platoons. Though they are opposing such big enemies and forces, the shyness and sense of subordination whose remnants are still present, are also their big enemies which are obstructing their development. … They have to fight against the enemy inside them. … To face all these challenges our women comrades should attain political and ideological maturity and have self confidence. …to put forward its understanding regarding true liberation of women by intervention in the women’s movement which is going on in the form of various streams in the country.”
The struggle against the of feudal/patriarchal/sexist oppression in the areas where the new power emerged is a concrete, daily, struggle. Although difficult and complex it has advanced both practically and ideologically through the special mass organizations of women led by the party. But this struggle goes on also within the party, among the revolutionary ranks against, persisting o reproducing patriarchal forms, through also specific rectification campaigns.
The leading role of women in the People’s War in India shows that while the revolutionary class struggle is carried forward, it sets in motion the struggle for a transformation of ideas, culture, family, religious traditions…
The people’s war in India is therefore an international example of the liberation struggle of women and of making revolution within the revolution. An example which comrades of the Revolutionary Proletarian Feminist Movement, have always looked along the not easy but exciting path, in a imperialist country as Italy, aimed at the win over the majority of women for the revolutionary struggle.
The tie / support with the revolutionary struggle of Indian comrades is and should be a stimulus, inspiration and mutual encouragement. Particularly, in our country today the main field of our struggle fight on the ground of women is their conditions of life and work, the double oppression of the proletarians, precarious workers, unemployed, immigrant women. It is a field on which the members of the MFPR, lead various struggles. For example, last year in November, as we already mentioned, these struggles merged into a single and historical event, the “strike of women”, that has seen been joint and participated by thousands of women: factory workers, school workers, precarious workers in different sectors, unemployed, students. It was a strike in which the struggle against the systemic emergency of femicides and sexual violence on women in our country, so-called “civilized”, is intertwined with the whole condition of double oppression and exploitation that the majority of women suffer, as a result of the more and more reactionary policies of modern middle ages implemented by rulers. A strike that owners, government, State, political parties, official unions, bourgeois and petty-bourgeois feminists felt as a “danger”, but also underestimated or ignored by economistic “communist” organizations, because it has put at the center the issue of the revolutionary double struggle of women as crucial to overthrow from the top to the bottom this social system, according to the concept of the revolution within the revolution to build a new society in which the whole life must change.
Indeed it has been a bright spark that, igniting many fires of women’s struggle, from North to South in the country, can, throughout the time, “set fire to the prairie”. During the strike of the women we connected our struggle to that of Indian women and all women in the world against capitalist and imperialist system, as a powerful force for revolution. Through the experiences of struggle as the strike of women, the comrades of the Revolutionary Proletarian Feminist Movement ,organization generated by the party, led by the Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, who are at the forefront in the organization and leadership of the proletarian women in particular, stepped forward to play a leading role in all fields, in the union movement, the women’s movement and especially in the struggle for the revolutionary transformation of our country, starting from the construction of the party for the revolution.
A communist party of new type, which raises as strategic the issue of women, as a delimiting line, a party where women are objectively the most radical vanguard, the driving force within the ideological and political struggle against patriarchy, bourgeois / sexist ideas and influence, against the merely accepting “in principle” the issue of women which does not turn that into a material force, grasping the concept of revolution within the revolution already inside the party, as an overall richness in the Party and for it. Amidst advances and setbacks, the our comrades contribute to the revolutionary process in this country.
With this in mind, to be firmly tied to the Maoist of the people’s wars in the world, and today specially with the women fighting in the most advanced and effective People’s War’s at the international level, is a key point. At the light of all this, in conclusion our speech on behalf of MFPR we feel necessary to take the commitment for a specific initiative toward Indian women, vital heart of people’s war against the fierceness of the Indian state, genocide of its own people, an initiative we propose to the ICSPWI, organizer of this meeting and to the women’s movement at the international level, so that the bridge we built is strengthened and extended.