Boycott (World) Social Forum, a Safety Valve for Imperialism

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Revolutionary Democratic Front calls upon the people and genuine democrats to boycott the (world) Social Forum, being held in Canada in August 2016 and all the related forums and preparatory meetings etc. being conducted in different parts of the country including Hyderabad.

World Social Forum or Asia Social Forum is nothing but a safety valve to protect the crisis-ridden Imperialist camp.

The ideologues of TINA (There Is No Alternative) and ʹend of historyʹ floated this social forum idea to hoodwink people who are surging towards revolutionary democratic struggles world over led by revolutionary forces. Itʹs an NGO programme propped up by the imperialist forces. In this context we remind to the people and genuine democratic forces that similar attempts by Asia Social Forum in Hyderabad, World Social Forum in Mumbai, and a four-day international seminar in Hyderabad were boycotted and exposed by the revolutionary and genuine democratic forces earlier in India. MR-2004 (Mumbai Resistance Forum – 2004) was held in Mumbai exactly facing the World Social Forum premises to expose it second fiddling to imperialist machinations. More than 300 organisations consisting of Adivasis, Dalits, Muslims, Women, Peasantry, Working class, Students, Youth, Writers, Artists and Intellectuals in co-ordination with anti-feudal, anti-imperialist, anti-Hindutva and revolutionary organisations participated and made it a grand success.

Revolutionary Democratic Front was formed in 2007 at all India level to propagate democracy which revolutionary movement alone can achieve through and united effort of revolutionary and genuine democratic forces.

Self reliance, diversity and democracy are the hall marks of self rule, we see today under Janathana Sarkar in Dandakarnya.

Imperialist globlaisation, liberalisation and privatisation have reached a stage of fascism within 25 years. The so-called best democracies in the world UK, France and USA are stinking with communal and racist practices, particularly against Muslims, Blacks and non Whites.

Taking advantage of this crisis in imperialist camp, Islamic State is spreading like a false hope for Muslim youth – with a programme of ʹCapitalism failed and Communism failed hence Islam is the only hopeʹ.

It is not because that there is no alternative but because there are organised armed revolutionary struggles world over, these imperialists and counter revolutionary attempts are being made. National Liberation Struggles such as Palestine and Kashmir, Revolutionary Struggles and advances such as in Central and Eastern India, the Philippines and Turkey and various democratic struggles for protecting natural wealth and labour are surging all over the world as imperialist globalisation at global level and in India are entering into a fascist stage.

The development theory twined with genocide politics in Gujarat in 2002 has reached its ugly shape at central level in 2014 with the combination of Narendra Modi and Amit Shah and imperialist-RSS-BJP combine. The programmes like Make in India, Digitalisation, Acche Din Ayega with the Hindutva programmes of Ghar Wapsi, Common Civil Code and Ban on Beef have introduced Feudal brahmanical Hindutva agenda along with imperialist globalisation band wagon.

The third phase of Operation Greenhunt with an audacity to finish the Maoist movement in Dandakarnya by the end of 2016 with a programme of Mission 2016 has turned into a Genocide of Adivasis in Central and Eastern India. Resistance to this by democratic forces aspirations is to Save Bastar and uphold self reliant and sovereign rule of people under Janathana Sarkar.

The aspirations for Azadi in Kashmir and Manipur and different parts of North East are being ruthlessly crushed under the Armed Forces Special Powers Act. In recent days more than 50 youth of Kashmir were ruthlessly killed by the Armed Forces just because they have come out in hundreds and thousands protesting against the fake encounter of Burhan Wani.

Dalits all over the country particularly in Gujarat and UP are being attacked and killed with a pretext that they are eating beef or doing leather work with dead cattle. Various democratic struggles in different parts of the country including Telangana and Andhra Pradesh against displacement of the oppressed castes and classes and the land grabbing in the name of development are subjected to severe repression. Privatisation of defence, railways and such important sectors and entry of foreign universities and the closure of public sector is not only causing a huge number of youth being unemployed, but has become a threat to the sovereignty of people itself.

Hence the RDF calls upon the people and genuine democrats to wage a relentless struggle against this imperialist and Hindutva forces, steadfastly stand in solidarity with revolutionary and democratic struggles, boycotting the social forum which is nothing but a ʹHuman Faceʹ of imperialist globalisation.

Varavara Rao, President, RDF
Raj Kishore, General Secretary, RDF

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‘Give us Eylem Ataş’s body’

770x500cc-izm-30-07-16-eylem-atas-hazal-elcin-manset

IZMIR – United Liberation Forces (BÖG) member Eylem Ataş (nom de guerre Cemre Heval) died when fighting against ISIS within scope of operation to liberate Manbij. Eylem’s family and friends have tried to take her body; however, her body has been held at the border with several excuses. “We should do our best to take her body just like she did to take back Aziz’s body.” said the United Revolutionary Party Izmir President Hazal Elçin Yanar.

United Liberation Forces (BÖG) member Eylem Ataş (nom de guerre Cemre Heval) died on June 27, 2016 when fighting against ISIS within scope of operation to liberate Manbij. Eylem’s family and friends have tried to take her body; however, her body has been held at the border with several excuses. Her body hasn’t been given to her family. A signature campaign has been launched on change.org to take Eylem’s body. United Revolutionary Party Izmir President Hazal Elçin Yanar told us that they wanted to issue a press statement in İzmir on the day Cemre died; however, police attacked them. She said, “We organized press statements and protests in many cities simultaneously after Eylem Ataş fell a martyr. We wanted to issue a press statement in Kıbrıs Şehitleri Avenue in İzmir; however, police attacked us and detained 19 people. We told them that commemorating Eylem Ataş isn’t a crime but they told us that carrying Eylem’s photos is inconvenient with an arbitrary treatment. After passing all night in the Police Department TEM Branch, nine of our friends were supervised released.”

Hazal talked about Eylem, “She took her part in DEV-LİS (the Revolutionary High School Students Group) when she was a student at high school. She was always at the front of the barricades and took the flag first. She decided to move the struggle across borders. She fell a martyr while fighting against barbaric ISIS and her body has been held at the border since June 28. Her family and Revolutionary Party applied to take back her body; however, our applications have been refused as verbally. They said that the first petition was “lost”. The second petition was refused due to “inappropriate content”. They tell us, “Don’t need to talk”. But the family is insistent to take their daughter’s body. The insistence of the family is our insistence. Eylem is our comrade. We’ll take her body. Her family launched a signature campaign on change.org to take their daughter body. We call on everybody to sign the campaign. We’ll bury Eylem Ataş on her own lands.”

Hazal also said that: “Being buried on their lands is a human right. This state didn’t give Aziz Güler’s body for 59 days and now it does the same. This is actually a torture method. Eylem joined all protest organized to take Aziz’s body. We should do our best to take her body just like she did to take Aziz’s body. Give us Eylem’s body.”

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People’s War in India Clippings 30/7/2016

Jabta-mao-samagri-SP-dekhauchhanti

Return to party fold, surrendered Maoists urged

As its annual Martyr’s Week entered the second day on Friday, the CPI (Maoist) is reportedly making preparations to unveil martyr’s memorials in the interior areas of Visakha Agency. A few memorials (stupams) are reportedly erected in the border areas from G. Madugula to Padebayalu mandals. Meanwhile, Pedabayalu area committee secretary Kiran has reportedly asked the surrendered Maoists, militia members, and supporters to return to the party fold.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/return-to-party-fold-surrendered-maoists-urged/article8919340.ece

CoBRA jawan killed in gun-battle with Naxals in Chhattisgarh

A CoBRA jawan was killed and another injured in a fierce gun-battle with Naxals in a dense forest pocket of Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Sukma district on Saturday, police said. The skirmish took place in the core forests of Bhejji police station area when a squad of CoBRA’s 208th battalion – an elite unit of CRPF – was out on an anti-Naxals operation in the region, around 500 kms away from here, a senior police official told PTI.
Security forces had undertaken the operation based on specific inputs about the movement of dreaded Maoist commander Hidma with his group in the region, he said. When the CoBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action) jawans were patrolling the forest between Ettrajpad and Gachonpally villages, a group of Naxals opened indiscriminate fire on them leading to a heavy gun-battle, he said. As per preliminary information, a constable-rank jawan was killed and another injured, the official said, adding reinforcement was immediately rushed to the spot. Efforts are on to take the deceased and injured personnel out of the forests, he added.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/cobra-jawan-killed-in-gun-battle-with-naxals-in-chhattisgarh-2944273/

Area commander held in Garhwa

Garhwa: Area commander of the CPI (Maoist) was arrested with arms from Ranka police station area on Thursday night, police said on Friday. Lalan Singh Kharwar alias Shrawan was arrested from Karri forest of the district. Police have also found a 315 pistol, 4 live cartridges and Naxalite literature, said Ranka police station officer in-charge Narendra Kumar Sinha.tnn Sinha added that Kharwar had been released from Garhwa sub-jail on bail a few days ago. After being released from the jail, he again started working for the Maoist outfit. In absence of the Maoist area commander Bhanu Singh, Kharwar was given charge of area commander with the responsibility of extension of the organization.

Meanwhile police were tipped-off that Kharwar along with half-a-dozen men in Karri forest was plotting to execute any incident. Acting on the tip-off, deputy commandant of CRPF 172 battalion M H Siddiqui and jawans of district police and JAP cordoned off the area. All men managed to escape taking the advantage of dense forest. But Kharwar was nabbed after a chase, said the OC Narendra Kumar Sinha. Dozens of Naxalite related cases have been registered against Kharwar in Ranka and Chinia police stations of the district, added the OC.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Area-commander-held-in-Garhwa/articleshow/53461359.cms

Maoist camp busted, explosives seized

Khaprakhol: A joint team of Special Operations Group (SOG) and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) jawans during a search operation inside Gandhamardan forest in this block in Bolangir district busted a Maoist camp and seized a huge cache of arms and explosives in the wee hours of Friday. Bolangir SP Asish Singh and CRPF deputy commandant PK Mishra held a press conference in this regard. With a ‘Martyrs’ Week’ being observed by the Maoists throughout the district, police continued the combing operation and seized the ammunition, Singh said.

According to sources, the Maoists had made a camp in the forest to observe the martyrs’ week. Acting on a tip-off, SOG and CRPF jawans in a joint operation began the combing operation in the forest. Although the camp was tracked, it was found to be deserted as the ultras managed to escape.
Two guns, four grenades, two detonators, two landmines, granite pouches, batteries, explosives and other equipment were recovered from the spot. The combing operation continued in the area to track down the ultras, Singh added. While no major Maoist atrocities have been witnessed in Khaprakhol area in the last three years, the Maoists make their presence felt by periodically putting up posters and banners in the block.

http://www.orissapost.com/maoist-camp-busted-explosives-seized/

Zero deaths in 5 years, 4 districts may lose LWE tag

KOLKATA: The Centre is working towards withdrawing the ‘Left-Wing-Extremism-affected’ tag from four Bengal districts -Purulia, Bankura, West Midnapore and Birbhum -following ‘zero deaths’ and minimum incidents of Maoist violence in the past five years.

The ministry of home affairs has communicated its intent to the home department seeking response, but the state government is vehemently opposed to the idea and is writing back urging a rethink. The four districts were brought under the LWE category in 2010. The immediate effect of the removal of the tag would be withdrawal of 22 companies (22,000 personnel) of central forces deployed in the four districts. Besides, it would mean drying up of central financial assistance worth Rs 40 crore per district per year. Much of this amount is currently being utilized on development projects in these poor districts.

The Centre, however, is going by a recent report of the Review Group (formerly Task Force) under the Cabinet Secretary, which has underlined the need to redraw the so-called ‘Red-corridor’, concentrating more on areas still dominated by Maoists and excluding those where the situation has improved. The report of the Centre’s Maoist Review Group recommends pruning the 106-strong list of LWE-affected districts by 20. The Centre has informed Bengal that the 22 companies posted in the four districts can be better utilised in other states, where the threat perception from Maoist activity is higher. But the state is worried about a resurgence in Maoist activities once the central forces are withdrawn.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Zero-deaths-in-5-years-4-districts-may-lose-LWE-tag/articleshow/53464069.cms

Dumka: Over the past few days, police have arrested seven wanted CPI (Maoist) rebels, including sub-zonal commander Etwari Hembrom alias Timpu Soren alias Naresh Da and two women cadres, following a search operation in Maoist-dominated areas of the district. Based on a tip-off by Etwari, the other rebels were arrested from different villages in Kathikund, Shikaripara and Gopikandar areas. Some of the accused have been identified as Dipak Dehri, Motilal Dehri, Madhwa Dehri, Sonu Dehri, Shivani and Sumanti Dehri. The rebels, who have a number of cases lodged against them in Dumka and Pakur, were wanted for the murder of catholic nun Sister Valsa John, the ambush slain Pakur SP Amarjit Balihar’s cavalcade as well as the ambush on the polling team in the 2014 Lok Sabha election in Amrapara (Pakur) Kathikund and Shikaripara police station areas of the district, respectively.
Police, along with Jharkhand Jaguar and SSB personnel, seized communication devices, uniforms, a weaving machine, medicines, saline bottles, contraceptives and naxal literature during various raids.

“We could not find arms and ammunition from the hideouts despite rebels’ tip-off,” Dumka SP Prabhat Kumar said, adding the anti-Naxal operation will continue. SP Kumar said Hembrom was trained by the outfit to administer saline. Meanwhile, bauxite mining in Netarhat came to a halt on Friday as rebels continue to observe ‘martyrs’ week’. On July 25, a Maoist poster found at Kujam bauxite mine ordered operators to halt bauxite transportation. There are a dozen of bauxite mines including rich Gurdari, Kujam, Amptipani and others in Upper pat area alone while about 450 trucked carrying the aluminum ore ply daily on Upper pat route while another route is Serengdag route located in Ghaghra police station, not far away like the aforesaid Upper pat in the district. Hundreds of bauxite trucks also run in this route everyday.

Most of the trucks plying on the Upper pat route have been off the road because of the Red threat, said a truck owner. Only a few trucks are seen on the road these days, admitted OC of Bishunpur police station. Transportation of bauxite has been affected on account of Maoists observing martyr week.

The busy route which makes roadside business activities vibrant now seems to be lonely with bauxite mining operation coming to a halt, said a source. This is for the first time rebels as much number of rebels could be arrested by the police in the joint operation conducted by the security forces. Rest of the rebels been arrested by the security forces include Dipak Dehri, Motilal Dehri, Madhwa Dehri, Sonu Dehri, Shivani and Sumanti Dehri who all belong to different police stations of the district.

Motilal Dehri according to the SP is the boyfriend of Sumanti Dehri both belonging to Silangi village under Shikaripara police station of the district are lovers who influenced her to join the rebel organization. Dipak Dehri and Shivani both also belonging to Slangi village are married couple. SP said all the arrested rebels were hardcore ones who have undergone warfare training in Giridih.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Cops-arrest-Reds-in-Dumka-raids/articleshow/53461319.cms

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People’s War in India Clippings 29/7/2016

Maoist-martyrs-week

Vigilance intensified in Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri

In the wake of arrests of two women with alleged links to left-wing extremism the anti-naxal division here has intensified its surveillance in select areas of Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri. According to Superintendent of Police Bandi Gangadhar, of the entire West Zone, a strong naxal wing operates only in Krishnagiri and Dharmapuri.

Asked if there were any ‘suspects’, Mr. Bandi Gangadhar said, there is an assessment of activities of persons suspected to have links. Presently, the surveillance is on for only those already on the ‘State list’. According to sources, four persons from Dharmapuri are reportedly on the state list. Mr. Gangadhar said the naxal special division is being given capacity building.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/vigilance-intensified-in-dharmapuri-krishnagiri/article8903909.ece

Gadchiroli: Woman Naxal killed in encounter

With this, the number of Naxalites killed in encounters this year has gone up to 11, six of them being woman.

A WOMAN Naxal cadre was killed in an encounter in the Gatta area of Pendhri in Gadchiroli on Thursday. Incidentally, it was the first day of the Naxal martyrs’ week. The encounter ensued when Special Action Group (SAG) and Quick Response Team (QRT) were carrying out an intelligence-based operation in the Bhimpur forest in Gatta around 11.30 am. The two sides exchanged fire but the police maintained an upper hand, forcing the Naxals to retreat, according to a press note issued by Gadchiroli police.

“The body of a woman Naxal, one 12-bore gun, 25 bags and five tents were recovered from the spot,” the press note said. But the identity of the Naxal cadre was yet to be established. With this, the number of Naxalites killed in encounters this year has gone up to 11, six of them being woman. Even as the Naxals began their annual martyrs’ week on Thursday, the police started a counter-campign called Shanti Melawe (peace camps) for those tribal youths, who had been lured by the Naxals and were registered in police record for helping the movement (alleged sympathisers). “We are providing the youths with training in various skills for four days with free lodging and boarding facilities at nine of our sub-divisional headquarters. This is an opportunity for them to get a reprieve from police action,” said Superintendent of Police Abhinav Deshmukh.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/gadchiroli-woman-naxal-killed-in-encounter-2941474/

Man held for harbouring wanted Naxal leader

A. Dharma Rao, from whose house in Berhampur of Odisha the most wanted Naxalite Sabyasachi Panda was arrested in 2014, was nabbed by a special team of city police on Wednesday. Since the arrest of Sabyasachi on July 18, 2014, the police had been in search of Rao, who was alleged to be an associate of the Maoist leader. Briefing newsmen, Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP) of Berhampur Trinath Patel said basing on intelligence reports that Rao was in Berhampur and trying to get admitted in a private hospital for treatment, a special squad was formed to track him down. He was rounded up while he was on his way to a private hospital at New Bus Stand Road.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/man-held-for-harbouring-wanted-naxal-leader/article8908464.ece

Naxal literature found in Bithli

Our Correspondent,

BALAGHAT,

July 28,

Banners and posters appealling villagers to join their group have surfaced in Bithli region which is considered to be Naxal-sensitive. The distribution of banners and poster was done a day before the start of Naxal’s Shaheed Saptah which started from July 28 and would end on August 3.

Leaflets and pamphlets distributed in the village also issued warning to police informers. The pamphlets have been distributed by Maoist group active in Gadracholi division. According to information, villagers of Bithli turned panicky on July 27 after they found posters and banners distributed by Naxal activists. Naxals have made appeal to villagers to join their group and issued warning to informers to refrain from working for the police or else be ready to face dire consequences. The Naxal outfit has made an appeal to villagers to be part of week-long celebration on Naxali Shaheed Saptah. Amidst panic, villagers informed the police. Cops then reached the village to take stock of the situation and declared high alert in the village.

The distribution of posters and banners in the village has put the police on their toes. Sources inform that police have obtained input on the activities of Naxals in the village but are maintaining wait and watch policy. Security has been augmented in the village as any unknown person found moving around the village area is being kept under strict vigilance. Cops have affirmed finding red colour banner but have denied any distribution of poster and pamphlets. Superintendent of Police, Balaghat, Dr Asit Yadav, when contacted, said one Naxal banner has been found in village Bithli. “We have come to know about distribution of other publicity material like posters but no poster has been recovered by the police which searched the village. We have taken gravity of the developments that have taken place in the village just a day before Naxali Shaheed Saptah starting from July 28.” SP Balaghat said, presence of Naxal outfit cannot be ruled out from the village. “We have declared high alert in the region have increased search operation as cops are ready to give befitting reply to any naxal activity.”

http://thehitavada.com/Encyc/2016/7/29/Naxal-literature-found-in-Bithli.aspx

Huge haul of explosives seized in Bastar

Raipur, Jul 29 (PTI) A huge haul of explosives, including 1,838 gelatin sticks and 150 kg of ammonium nitrate, suspected to be meant for delivery to Naxals during their ongoing ‘martyrs week’, was today seized from Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Bastar district. Two persons were also arrested with the cache, police said.

The recovery was made from the forests near Nagarnar police station area on Chhattisgarh-Odisha border, Inspector General of Police, Bastar Range SRP Kalluri told PTI. Acting on a tip-off about the presence of two suspects with a consignment near Dhanpunji railway crossing, located around 400 kms away from here in Nagarnar area, security forces were rushed to the spot last evening, he said.

During the search, two separate bags, filled with 1250 pieces of electronic detonators, were found from their possession following which the two were arrested, the IG said.The duo have been identified as Niranjan Das and Durjati Mahangkodo, natives of Koraput district in Odisha. “The arrested admitted that they supplied explosives and other related materials to Naxal commander Vinod in Chandameta area,” the IG said. According to the duo, they had recently struck a deal with Vinod to supply detonators, ammonium nitrate and explosives during the Martyrs s week being observed from July 28 till August 3 by rebels, he said.

http://www.ptinews.com/news/7707423_Huge-haul-of-explosives-seized-in-Bastar.html

Police killer Hembram among seven Maoists arrested in Dumka

Dumka (Jharkhand), Jul 29 (PTI) Seven Maoists, including a wanted rebel involved in the killing of Pakur SP Amarjit Balihar and several other policemen in 2014, were arrested from different areas in the district, police said today. Etwari Hembram alias Nareshda was arrested yesterday and six others Maoists, including two women, were caught on his information, SP Prabhat Kumar said. Kumar said Hembram was involved in the 2014 ambush on a police vehicle in which Balihar and several other policemen were killed at Kathikund in Dumka district.

Hembram was also involved in a landmine blast in the state in 2014 in which four policemen were killed and in the encounter at Sundar Pahari in Godda in which two policemen were killed, the SP said. The arrests took place following a tip-off and by joint raids of Sasastra Seema Bal and Jharkhand Jaguar, Kumar said adding that all of them were active from Giridih to Godda in the Santhal Pargana area and Hembram was the self-styled sub-zonal commander of Godda, Pakur and Dumka. Police recovered naxal literature, uniform, clothes, remote control, medicine, pouches and walkie talkies from them.

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/police-killer-hembram-among-seven-maoists-arrested-in-dumka/1/727297.html

Martyrs Week begins in Andhra Odisha Border

Visakhapatnam: In the backdrop of continuous combing operations by security personnel including CRPF, BSF and districts cops in the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB), Maoists commenced the week-long Martyrs Week at several places on Thursday. Earlier on Wednesday, in-charge DGP N Sambasiva Rao had conducted aerial survey in Visakha Agency along with intelligence chief additional director general AB Venkateswara Rao, North Coastal IG Kumar Biswajit and Visakha Rural SP Rahuldev Sharma.

According to sources, CPI Maoists inaugurated a pylon at Pedabayalu mandal under the leadership of Pedabayalu committee commander Manganna. At Malkangiri district, a four-hour long meeting was held at Decarpodhar near Panasaput. The banned outfit paid tributes to martyrs at Amapavalli area in Nandapur area on the other side of the AP border.

According to police sources, the Maoists tied banners and pamphlets at Nurmathi and other areas of G Madugula mandal. “With the help of their colleagues from Odisha, naxals observed the martyrs week in the district interiors. We have information that some of the big leaders of AOB also attended the meetings,” a senior cop in the anti naxal force on condition of anonymity said. Two days earlier, naxals had paid tributes to martyrs Kudumula Ravi, Azad, Kamala and Anand at Kumkumpudi by writing their names on a huge pylon painted red. Cops suspect the Reds may inaugurate a martyrs pylon in Kannavaram village this week.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/Martyrs-Week-begins-in-Andhra-Odisha-Border/articleshow/53442657.cms

India: Residual Risks In Bihar – Analysis

On July 18, 2016, 10 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel belonging to the Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) were killed and five others were injured in a Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) orchestrated Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast and encounter in the Chakarbanda-Dumarinala forests of Aurangabad District. Three Maoists were also killed in the encounter. Arms and ammunition, including an AK-47 rifle, Indian Small Arms System (INSAS) rifle and Under Barrel Grenade Launcher (UBGL), were also recovered from the encounter site. Commenting on the incident, Bihar Director General of Police (DGP) P.K. Thakur disclosed that eight paramilitary troopers were killed immediately and two of the five wounded died in a hospital.

In the preceding month, on June 19, 2016, a CRPF trooper, identified as A. Deka, was killed and two of his colleagues, identified as A.K. Yadav and K. Kakoti, were injured in an IED blast carried out by the Maoists near Bandhu Bigaha village in Aurangabad District. The Maoists triggered the blast when three personnel of the 205th CoBRA unit were riding on two motorcycles on their way to their camp from Bali Pahari locality.

Significantly, on January 11, 2016, while, commenting on the January 8, 2016, encounter in which four Maoists were killed in Bandh Gorya village under Dhibra Police Station area in Aurangabad District, the CPI-Maoist ‘central zonal spokesman,’ Paramjeet had threatened to avenge the killing. Later on, Maoists pamphlets found from Deo and Dhibra localities read:

“Char ka badla chalis se lenge, Operation Green Hunt band karo, comrade Bihari Yadav, Ratan Yadav, Devki Bhuiyan and Birendra Singh ko sat sat salaam.” English translation – [We will take revenge, forty for four, stop Operation Green Hunt, salutations to comrade Bihari Yadav, Ratan Yadav, Devki Bhuiyan and Birendra Singh]

Preliminary investigation of the Aurangabad Maoist attack suggested that the ultras were well prepared for the incident. They had lured the Security Forces (SFs) to the area by telephonically passing on false information. They had also planted hundreds of IEDs in advance, orchestrating a total of 352 land mine blasts on the fateful day. Giving further details about the incident, a senior Police official stated that, initially, the operation was launched on July 17 to arrest Sandeep Yadav, a dreaded Maoist, facing over 80 cases in Bihar and Jharkhand. Later, the Superintendent of Police (SP), Aurangabad District, joined the CoBRA team on July 18 with a team of the District Police and another CoBRA unit. However, it has been learnt that the team was heavily dependent on Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning and feedback but did not take the help of local intelligence.

The Aurangabad incident will go a long way in denting the morale of the SF personnel not just in Bihar but across all theatres of Left Wing Extremist (LWE) conflict in India. The manner in which the Maoists planned and trapped the SFs speaks volume of the hold the ultras enjoy in the region. Aurangabad along with Gaya and Jamui has been the epicentre of Maoist-violence in Bihar…

http://www.eurasiareview.com/25072016-india-residual-risks-in-bihar-analysis/

High alert in Jharkhand ahead of Maoist martyrs’ week

RANCHI: A high alert has been declared in Jharkhand following reports of CPI (Maoist) planning to observe martyrs’ week from July 28 to August 3. Annual event to remember the “supreme sacrifices of the brave comrades who have laid down their lives in the effort to make the people’s revolutionary war a success,” the martyrs’ week is usually an occasion of spirited Maoist activities.
Two days before the martyrs’ week begins, police have started extensive area domination exercises and long range patrolling in areas where Maoists dominate.

Maoists have released posters to announce the martyrs’ week. The state police suspect that the Maoists would try to mark the occasion with attacks on police/security establishments and important installations.

IG operations M S Bhatia said posters have been found in Gumla. “We have information that the Maoists are planning to observe the occasion with all seriousness. They usually try to attack security forces to mark the occasion. An alert has been sounded,” Bhatia said.
The alert, sent to all the SPs and CRPF units deployed in the countryside to assist the police, has asked them to remain vigilant and do not allow any operational laxity during operations, area domination exercises and long range patrolling. The district police have also been asked to ensure security of installations which are strategically important but vulnerable as they are located in deep Maoist pockets.

In Maoists calendar Martyrs’ week assumes the place of highest significance. Maoist leaders gather villagers in inaccessible jungles where programmes are held to glorify the lives of communist revolutionaries like Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal, the founders of the Naxalbari movement. They also urge people to join their ranks to further the revolutionary war against the state. Movements of Maoists from one place to another place to organize such meetings usually give police a chance to trap them.

In some districts of Jharkhand the police have been asked to be watchful against the movement of Maoist groups. The focus areas are Jharkhand-Bihar border. It is suspected that after Aurangabad encounter Maoists will move towards Jharkhand. Similar focus has been paid to Jharkhand-Chhattisgarh border where Maoists are very active.

“During the week-long event we will work in coordination with police of neighboring states,” said Bhatia. This year the martyrs’ week throws more challenges for police because Maoists are reportedly in high spirits following recent encounters which caused grater loss to police. In Giridih and Latehar Maoists killed two CoBRA jawans and a police constable in Gumla. In recent past they have successfully instilled fear in people after they killed some civilians for allegedly helping police gather intelligence.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/High-alert-in-Jharkhand-ahead-of-Maoist-martyrs-week/articleshow/53398746.cms

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Maoist killed in encounter in Chhattisgarh

Raipur, Jul 27: A Maoist was today shot dead in a fierce gun battle with security forces in Sukma district of the state on the eve of Naxal’s “Martyr’s week”, police said. “The skirmish took place in forests under Polampalli police station limits (in south Bastar) between a joint team of security forces and ultras,” superintendent of police, Sukma, Indira Kalyan Elesela told. On the eve of ‘Martyrs Week’ to be observed by Maoists from tomorrow, the alert was issued to all police stations and camps to maintain extra vigil to prevent and counter any attack or sabotage activity, he said.

“After receiving specific inputs about the presence of a huge group of cadres near Polampalli under the leadership of Maoist commanders Aapu Pada and Bhima, a composite squad of Special Task Force (STF) and District Reserve Group (DRG) were pressed into action immediately,” the SP said.
When security forces were cordoning off interior jungles, a group of around 60 insurgents opened indiscriminate fire on them, triggering a heavy gunfight between the two sides, the SP said. “During the search conducted following the encounter, the body of a naxal, a country made gun (with double barrel), and pamphlets were recovered from the spot,” he said…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/Maoist-killed-in-encounter-in-Chhattisgarh/articleshow/53421130.cms

Movement of Maoist sympathisers worries police

Even as the police claim that Maoists are losing ground and their activities have come down in Andhra Pradesh, the movement of extremist sympathisers in the capital region is worrying the intelligence agencies. A couple of Maoist leaders had been arrested in the region in the recent past. What caused consternation among the intelligence personnel was the observance of the 41st death anniversary of Maoist leader Surapaneni Janardhan in his native village Garikaparru of Thotlavallur mandal in Krishna district on Monday.

Janardhan, a student of REC Warangal, took part in many revolutionary movements in the Telangana and Srikakulam areas. He was killed in an exchange of fire on July 25, 1975. He was also State Committee member of the People’s War Group (PWG). Revolutionary poet Varavara Rao, Virasam State secretary Varalakshmi, and leaders V.V. Krishna Rao and Y. Venkateswara Rao attended the death anniversary.

It is learnt that the Maoist sympathisers are planning to observe the death anniversary of PWG leader and former MLA and MP Tarimela Nagi Reddi at Governorpet in Vijayawada on Thursday. A native of Anantapur district, Nagi Reddy was popularly known as ‘TN’. He died on July 28, 1976. Activists of the Amaraveerula Bandhu Mitrula Committee, Virasam, and other like-minded parties, and Maoist sympathisers are likely to attend the programme.

Martyr’s Week

Meanwhile, the CPI (Maoist) has given a call to observe Martyr’s Memorial Week from July 28 to August 4. As part of it, it proposes to organise meetings and protest against killing of extremists.

“Maoists will observe Martyr’s Memorial Week in the Agency areas, particularly on the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB), Telangana-Chhattisgarh border, and in the tribal hamlets of East Godavari and Visakhapatnam districts. Public representatives and bureaucrats who are on the hit list are cautioned against going in to villages without prior intimation,” a police officer said.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Vijayawada/movement-of-maoist-sympathisers-worries-police/article8903554.ece

Security tightened in south Odisha for Maoist Martyrs’ Week

Malkangiri: With Maoists observing the Martyrs’ week beginning today till August 3, security has been tightened across Koraput, Rayagada and Malkangiri districts. Many posters and banners put up by the red rebels on account of the observance of the Martyrs’ week were seen at various places.

In Koraput distrct, police are on high alert and security arrangements have been beefed up. Check posts have been set up at various entry points into the district and vehicles entering Koraput are being checked by police personnel. According sources, government bus services on various routes have been cancelled on account of the Martyrs’ week. Government buses on Jeypore-Malkangiri, Bhadarchalam-Paua and Rayagada routes stayed off road.

http://odishatv.in/odisha/body-slider/security-tightened-in-south-odisha-for-maoist-martyrs-week-157553/

MAOIST POSTERS, BANNERS FOUND IN BOKARO

Bokaro Thermal police have launched extensive patrolling along with Jharkhand jaguar police force to keep track of Maoists, who are observing Martyrs Week in the pocket of Nawadih block. The Bokaro Superintendent of Police, YS Ramesh has also directed the police stations to remain on maximum alert. “The officers have been directed to maintain a tight vigil and tap their respective information network that can lead us to the Naxals squads,” stated Ramesh.

While Bokaro Thermal Officer-in charge cum Inspector Rajesh Kujur told The Pioneer that we have begun an extensive search operation in our jurisdiction as there are possibilities that the police personnel might have taken refuge in our area and probably lost their way in the dense jungle. In villages close to Nawadih block, a search operation was being led by Officer-in charge Rajesh Kujur who stated that on Monday several Maoists posters have been found pasted in different localities of Bokaro Thermal, Naya basti, Kanjkiro, Pillpillo besides Upperghat villages area. The posters give and inkling of their intension to enter in urban area of Bermo sub-division. Officer in charge Rajesh Kujur said that some banners were also placed in different locations but the police removed them.

Sources said Maoists ultras were observing mourning day to condole the death of their fellow cadres who died for cause of the organisations. However, no report of any untoward incident was reported from any place till late on Wednesday evening.

http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/ranchi/2016-07-27-142462.html

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Railways to install 162 CCTV cameras to monitor Maoist-affected ‘Red Corridor’ areas

New Delhi: Indian Railways has sanctioned a proposal to install 162 CCTV cameras at the cost of Rs 3.26 crore at 10 stations falling in Maoist-affected “Red Corridor” for round-the-clock monitoring, parliament was told on Wednesday. In a written reply to Lok Sabha during question hour, Minister of State for Railways Rajen Gohain said that the department has initiated numerous measures to ensure security of passengers in this area.

“Other measures include round the clock assistance to trains through 182 security helpline, implementation of Integrated Security System at sensitive stations, networking of security control rooms, etc”, he said, adding security has been identified as one of the priorities.

http://www.newsx.com/sports/36237-railways-to-install-162-cctv-cameras-to-monitor-maoist-affected-red-corridor-areas

Alert in Bastar for martyrs’ week

An alert has been issued across all seven districts in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh in view of the “Martyrs’ week” to be observed by Maoists from Thursday. The security forces in the highly-sensitive Sukma district have been asked to maintain high vigil. Maoists observe “Martyrs’ week” every year from July 28 to August 4 in remembrance of their “fallen comrades.”

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/alert-in-bastar-for-maoists-martyrs-week/article8907495.ece

Hardcore woman Maoist Radha arrested

Bhubaneswar: Security personnel on Wednesday arrested Darabha Maoist division area commander Radha in Malkangriri district. Padia police station and Special Operation Group personnel nabbed the hard core woman Maoist during a joint raid, sources said. Radha is involved in a number of Maoists violence in Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Police of both the States were searching Radha for long. Arrest of Radha is breakthrough for Odisha Police. As she was area commander, her arrests will certainly demoralise other cadres who were working under her, said police.

http://www.prameyanews7.com/en/jul2016/odisha/29245/Hardcore-woman-Maoist-Radha-arrested-woman-Maoist-arrestedOdisha.htm

Chhattisgarh: Powerful improvised explosive devise unearthed

A powerful improvised explosive device (IED) planted by Maoists to harm troopers has been recovered by the security personnel from an insurgency-hit pocket in Chhattisgarh’s Rajnandgaon district. “The explosive, weighing around 15-20 kg, was unearthed by a joint team of security personnel near a culvert on Aundhi-Sharda Road under Aundhi police station limits,” Rajnandgaon Superintendent of Police, Prashant Agarwal said. Based on specific inputs, a joint squad of Special Task Force (STF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and district force launched an anti-Maoist operation towards Sarkheda, Sharda and Pendodi villages of Aundhi, located around 170 kms away from Raipur.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/chhattisgarh-powerful-improvised-explosive-devise-unearthed-2943115/

Rayagada on high alert

RAYAGADA: ELABORATE security arrangements have been made in the district ahead of the martyrs’ week of the Maoists starting Thursday. As the Maoist groups never leave any chance to recruit youths for their outfit, police are on high alert apprehending violence during the week.

Besides intensifying combing operations, checking vehicles in sensitive areas and patrolling round the clock are on in full-wing in Kalyansinghpur, Bissamcuttack, Muniguda, Chandrapur and Kashipur blocks. It is observed that after the arrest of top Maoist leader Sabyasachi Panda, though the Maoist activities have reduced to a large extent, the aides of Panda are active in Niyamgiri hill creating a strong base. If sources are to be believed, the radicals are making an effort to creep into remote pockets of Chandrapur block.

Moreover, to make their presence felt they had put posters and banners citing some demands in Parshali village of Kalyansinghpur block. On February 27, one Manda Kadraka of Dangamati village was killed in police encounter. Rayagada Superintendent of Police K Siba Subramani said combing operation against the Maoist will be intensified as coordinated action plan is being launched to counter resurgence of Maoists in different parts of the district. There will be no let up on the onslaught against extremists. The Government buses will remain off from the road during observation.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Rayagada-on-high-alert/2016/07/28/article3550958.ece

Maoists to observe Martyr’s Week from today

The CPI (Maoist) is observing its annual Martyr’s Week from Thursday.

As usual, the Maoists have pasted posters and tied banners asking people to observe the week in Visakha Agency, one of the areas in which it has considerable presence. On Wednesday, in charge Director-General of Police N. Sambasiva Rao reportedly tried to fly to G.K. Veedhi in the Agency area, but his helicopter could not land because of bad weather. However, the helicopter carrying Additional DGP A.B. Venkateswara Rao, IG (coastal Andhra) Viswa Jeet, and DIG, Visakha Range, Ch. Srikanth, could land. The officials reportedly asked police personnel to be on alert.

There are reports of pylons constructed in memory of Maoists killed in the past being painted afresh at places like Teemulabanda, and banners and posters appearing in Maddigavuru, Nurmathi, and Boithili in the G. K. Veedhi mandal. It is to be seen as to how the Maoists would strengthen themselves in the Agency area with the help of the bauxite mining issue. Meanwhile, the police, along with CRPF, are taking all precautions. Though the security forces have not stepped up their activity visibly, combing operation is going on and they are ready to face any eventuality.

The Maoists, having suffered reverses in the last one year following death of cadre in exchanges of fire and surrender of a few top leaders, it likely to resort to violence, apart from conducting meetings and constructing pylons to pay homage to those killed in police action, making fresh recruitments, and spreading the party ideology. Police, who have been on alert, says that they are ready to face any eventuality

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/maoists-to-observe-martyrs-week-from-today/article8908654.ece

Police get 3-day custody of suspected Maoists

The Judicial Magistrate-I here on Tuesday granted the ‘Q’ Branch CID three days police custody of two suspected women Maoists who were arrested recently. The Q Branch police had arrested M. Kala (52) of Theevattipatti in Salem district and Chandra (51), both of whom were working in a textile unit, alleging that they were involved in subversive activities.

The police booked them under IPC Section 120 (b) (criminal conspiracy) and Sections 18, 18-A, 18-B and 38 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. The ‘Q’ Branch CID, who brought Kala and Chandra from Tiruchi prison and produced them before the Judicial Magistrate-I Mohanavalli on Tuesday, sought five-day police custody to interrogate them. However, the Magistrate granted three days custody and directed the police to produce them on July 29.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/police-get-3day-custody-of-women-maoists/article8903713.ece

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Indian Democracy Unmasked: BJP-RSS and the politics of Communal Hatred-CAFAU

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First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out-Because I was not a Socialist.
Then they came for the Trade Unionists, and I did not speak out-Because I was not a Trade Unionist.
Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out-Because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak for me.

The last few weeks have seen a plethora of violence erupt all over the country, orchestrated by the ruling BJP-RSS dispensation. From the attack on Dalits in Gujarat, on students in Hyderabad University or the shooting of unarmed protesters in Kashmir, the pattern is clear. Any protest, any political opinion or way of life that runs contrary to the RSS ideal of a Hindu rashtra will be met with violence.

Kashmir leads the tally in killings, blindings and extreme violence on unarmed civilian protestors by armed security forces. Indian state and the mainstream media’s projection of Burhan Wani as a terrorist is clearly refuted by spontaneous outpouring grief and rage by tens of thousands of ordinary Kashmiri people. Of course, much of India is deliberately kept in the dark about the aspirations of the kashmiri people. There is conscious eraser of the history of Kashmir’s conditional accession to India, the subsequent militarization of Kashmir and the suppression of the people’s political demands. The demand for azadi reverberating through the valley is a political demand of the people – it needs to be acknowledged as such and dealt with politically, and not with guns. However the Indian state’s response to the political question of Kashmir has been denial and militarization – something that is getting even more intensified under the present regime. It is not just the armed forces, but Kashmiris coming in and out of Kashmir are also being targeted by Hindutva vigilantes in Punjab leading to Phagwara communal tensions.

It’s not just Kashmiris – even any Indian holding this political opinion about Kashmir is subject to attacks. Political opinions are being criminalized and met with violence in Universities as we saw at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and Hyderabad Central University (HCU). Rohith Vemula’s institutional murder happened because he dared to voice an opinion on Kashmir and fascist attack on minorities that ran contrary to the RSS ideology and things have not changed with his death, the issues continue, the students are protesting and the pattern of violence continues. Recently HCU student Amol Singh, after attending a meeting on the situation in Kashmir, was allegedly mistaken for a Kashmiri student and was physically assaulted by members of ABVP. Later, the VHP president of Telangana threatened to enter HCU on 28th July to put Amol behind the bars since the police had failed to do the same. While goons are making open threats to students, the state government has chosen to remain a mute spectator. Telangana state government’s complicity is shocking in the light of the fact that during the struggle for the formation of Telangana in which much blood flowed and many lives were lost, students played a leading role.

Not only political dissent, but ways of life different from the Brahmanical order are also under attack. Recently in Gujarat, a group of Dalits were publicly flogged for hours, for simply doing their job, that is, skinning dead cattle. We saw same brutality in a series of incidents from Dadri killing to hanging cattle traders in Jharkhand to assault on Dalits in Una (Gujarat). The so-called cow protection is being used as a tool to fan communal hatred and to orchestrate attacks on Dalits and minorities.

The thread that connects all these attacks is the politics of communal hatred perpetrated by BJP-RSS-VHP against the oppressed sections of the society. But these attacks have not gone unchallenged, the regime saw country wide student protests, Dalits protesters continue to fill the streets of cities and people of Kashmir are strongly resisting the designs of the fascist forces. Silence is no longer an option and it is time to rise in rage against these attacks. CAFAU demands immediate measures for protection of HCU student Amol Singh and arrest of the VHP president of Telangana, action to be taken against fascist goons who attacked Amol Singh and those who are terrorizing dalits and muslims in the name of gau-raksha. CAFAU calls upon students and teachers to rise against the fascist attack and stand united with the struggle of the people for the establishment of true democracy.

JOIN PROTEST DEMONSTRATION AGAINST FASCIST ATTACK ON PEOPLE AT JANTAR MANTAR ON FRIDAY, 29TH JULY, 1:30PM

CAMPAIGN AGAINST FASCIST ATTACK ON UNIVERSITY

cafau2016@gmail.com

CAFAU

Posted in fascist attacks, news, resistance, war | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Brief history of the Revolutionary Communist Commitee (CoCoRi)

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The Revolutionary Communist Committee (CoCoRi) is formed in Milan in the autumn of 1976 in the context of the Communist Committees for Worker’s Power and some other independent factory (Marelli Worker’s Committee, Falk Worker’s Committee) and neighborhood committees.

Their area of political and cultural reference is that revolving around the magazines Linea di Condotta (1975), and Senza Tregua (1975 to 1978).
At least initially, the political interventions of the CoCoRi occur on the legal terrain.However, according to the legal judgment of 16 July 1983 in the Criminal Court of Milan, they formed many armed nuclei claiming their attacks with different acronyms, the most common of which are:

– Combatant Nuclei for Communism (Padova);
– Combatants for Communism;
– Armed Nuclei for Territorial Counterpower ;
– Groups of Flame;
– Proletarian Territorial Guard;
– Communist Territorial Squads (Padova);
– Organized Proletarians for Communism.

In Turin, June 19, 1976 they carry out a wounding attack against Paul Fossat, department head at Fiat Rivalta, claimed with the signature Class War for Communism, marking the beginning of the interventions of CoCoRi in the Turin factories. In Milan the first action attributed to CoCoRi is the wounding attack on Valerio De Marco, Head of Personnel for Leyland Innocenti (11.11.75), claimed under the signature For Armed Proletarian Power: Class War.

In early 1976, in Milan, the following actions are attributed to CoCoRi:

-Wounding attack on the head of Philco corporation in Brembate , Dietrich Ercher (3/26/76), claimed under the signature Armed Struggle for Communism;
-Wounding attack on the Magneti Marelli security chief, Matteo Palmieri (04.02.76).

In subsequent years, in Milan, the CoCoRi perform numerous expropriations and lead various campaigns:

– Against black market work;
– Against heroin trafficking;
– for housing.

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On 9 June 1978 a robbery at a bank in Lissone, culminates in the death of the militant Francesco Giuri.
In the campaign against repression the CoCoRi claim responsibility for:

-Bomb attack against the police station being built in Concorezzo (Milano 1/12/78).

-Firebomb attack on the vehicles of the security firm “Cittadini dell’Ordine” (Milan 25/07/78).

On February 23, 1979 in Barzanò (CO), the security guard Scalia Rosario is killed during a robbery carried out by Cocori.

In Veneto, between the end of 1976 and the first months of 1979, the Cocori operated mainly in Padua. In addition to expropriations they claimed the wounding of Ezio Riondato, Professor of Moral Philosophy at the Faculty of Letters and Christan Democrat President of the regional bank,Cassa di Risparmio (Padova 04/22/78).

The CoCoRi, in Rome, are formed at the beginning of 1978 out of the remnants of the Roman Communist Committees (CoCoRo), which, in turn, were formed following the dissolution of Worker’s Power (1973) and, among them at least until 1975, the Centocelle Communist Committee (CoCoCe) was particularly active at which point it largely merged with the Armed Communist Formations (FCA) or the Red Brigades (BR).

According to a “repentant” militant of Prima Linea, the Roman Communist Committees, between 1976 and 1978 claimed their initiatives with the signature Communist Committees for Proletarian Dictatorship.

The Roman CoCoRi operated in Tiburtino, Rome-South, Rome-North. In July of 1978 they held a organizational conference in Lanuvio (Rome), where, according to a witness, it is decided: “that the legal apparatus of Cocori is discontinued and all the activity is to be carried out on the illegal level, as has already happened in fact in Milan and Padua.”

The formal dissolution of the Cocori national network is decided in Milan in December 1978. Subsequently, some former militants of this organization, operating under the name Organized Workers for Communism, operate between the beginning of 1979 and the first months of 1980, mainly carrying out expropriations.

According to a witness, in the first half of 1980, among members of the Organized Workers for Communism, “the question arises whether and how to proceed. The question was to join Front Line (PL) or dissolve. [..]”

The prevailing position is to stay out of PL and continue in the practice of expropriation.

In some court cases this latest trend is united to the informal grouping – which also includes some former militants of the Armed Proletarians for Communism – known as the Communist Robbers. In court the attempted disarming of 18 December 1980, in Zinasco (PV), which ends with the death of security guard Alfio Zappala is attributed to the later.

The state has prosecuted 92 people for involvement in the activities of the Revolutionary Communist Committee

Posted in Editor's desk, resistance, war | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

People’s War in India Clippings 26/7/2016

Maoist bandh

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Maoist posters surface in Odisha’s Rayagada

Several Maoist posters and banners were spotted at Parsali near Niyamgiri under Kalyansinghpur block of Odisha’s Rayagada district, today. The posters and banners were found in front of the offices of Dongria Kondh Development Agency (DKDA) and local panchayat, reports said. In the posters, the newly formed CPI (Maoist) Baghuna Divisional Committee has urged people to observe Saheed Divas of the outfit from July 28 to August 3, reports added. The red rebels have condemned the death of tribals during anti-Maoist operation in Kandhamal. They have also demanded withdrawal of SOG and CRPF personnel from the area.

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Jharkhand: Suspected maoists kill four in separate incidents

At least four persons, including three of a family, were killed allegedly by Maoists in separate incidents reported since Sunday in Garhwa and Gumla districts of Jharkhand. While in one case, the victims were accused of being police informers, in the other the victims were shot at randomly, the police said. The incidents have come in the wake of recent police operations on the Chhattisgarh-Jharkhand border, in which around half-a-dozen naxal operatives were killed, and are being seen as acts of retaliation from the Maoists. They have also given a call to observe martyrs’ week from July 28.

At Gumla, a 60-year-old farmer, Man Rakhan Sahu, a resident of Kharka village, was shot at by suspected Maoists when he was sitting in a roadside eatery under Sadar police station area of the district late Monday evening. Two others – youngster Pawan Oraon and one Bharat Tiwari – also sustained gunshot injuries. Sahu died on the spot. The police said that the injured were out of danger.

“We have recovered a leaflet left at the spot by Maoist operatives taking responsibility for the incident. Initially, we felt that they might have come looking for somebody else and shot the old man by mistake. However, investigations so far have not revealed any such thing. We are investigating further,” said Gumla Superintendent of Police, Chandan Kumar Jha. On Sunday, three persons, including two real brothers, were killed by suspected Maoists, operating in the Koel-Shankh zone, after being kidnapped from their village, Bandi Khajuri. The deceased were identified as – Shravan Yadav (30), Heeralal Yadav (22), both brothers, and their cousin Shiv Lal Yadav (20).

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/jharkhand-suspected-maoists-kill-four-in-separate-incidents-2937379/

RANCHI: Three civilians who were reportedly “used as informers” by police were killed by Maoists in Garhwa district on Sunday night. The bodies of Shravan Yadav, 32, Hiralal Yadav, 20, Shivlal Yadav 22 were found at Tehri village under Bhandaria police station area on Monday. CPI(Maoist) Koyal Sankh Zone has taken responsibility of the murder and claimed that the three were killed because they worked as informers for police and fed police with information on the movement of Maoists.The throat of Shravan, whose body was found on a state highway, was tied with a rope..

http://www.nyoooz.com/ranchi/553343/maoists-kill-3-civilian-police-informers-in-jharkhand

2 suspected Maoists in judicial custody

Two suspected Maoists, R. Shyna (42) and Anoop Mathew George (32), were on Monday produced before a magistrate court here in connection with a case of alleged forgery and cheating by using proof of identity of someone else to get a SIM card from a mobile phone operator.

The Magistrate remanded them to judicial custody till August 8. Police sources said the Q Branch police had rounded up K. Ganesh (45) on charge of using a SIM card that had been used for naxalite activities. However, Ganesh had said that he had not used any such SIM card, but a photocopy of his ration card had been misused. Based on his complaint, the Sivakasi town police had registered a case of cheating and forgery on February 2, 2016.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/2-suspected-maoists-in-judicial-custody/article8899305.ece

Suspected Maoist in judicial custody

Suspected Maoist Mahalingam (63), who was arrested in Tiruchur district in Kerala on Sunday, was produced before Andipatti Magistrate V. Baskaran on Monday in connection with alleged arms training on Varushandu hill near here. Police produced him before the magistrate at his residence in Andipatti. He was remanded in judicial custody, and lodged in Madurai Central Prison.

The police said Mahalingam was arrested on a charge of engaging in arms training on Varushanadu hill in 2007. He was released on conditional bail in 2009. Later, he did not appear before the court. The police were in search of him. Acting on a tip-off, a special team arrested him in Tiruchur on Sunday, they added.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/suspected-maoist-in-judicial-custody/article8899499.ece

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Maoist bandh impacts interiors of 2 dists

PHULBANI/RAYAGADA : THE Kandhamal bandh called by Maoists on Monday protesting the death of five tribals allegedly in police firing near Gumudumaha village affected normal life in interior pockets of the district, but had little impact in Phulbani town.

In three blocks of Tumudibandha, Kotagarh and Daringbadi, shops, educational institutions and major business establishments remained closed in response to the two-day bandh which began on Monday. All Government and private buses plying from Baliguda to Rayagada and Koraput went off the road leaving passengers stranded at different places.

On Friday, the Maoists had pasted handwritten posters on the walls of a lodge in Tumudibandh and a rest shed near Haripur in Kotgarh calling for Kandhamal and Rayagada bandh on July 25. In the posters, the Red ultras demanded `25 lakh for each family of the deceased persons and `10 lakh to those injured in the police firing. Expressing their condolence to the families of five families, the Maoists demanded that murder cases should be filed against the security personnel involved in the killings. They also warned the Congress, BJP and the BJD to refrain from politicising the incident. The posters were signed by Ramakant, secretary of Bansadhara-Ghumusar-Nagavalli.

Security was beefed up across the district in the wake of bandh call. All vehicles were being searched at the entry and exit points of the district, said SP Pinak Mishra. No untoward incident has been reported from any part of the district. Due to the bandh call, the visit of Assembly Committee on Welfare of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe led by its chairman Padmanav Behera to Gumudumaha on Monday was postponed. At Rayagada district, the bandh affected life in Kalyansinghpur block the most. Fresh Maoist posters and banners surfaced in Kurli village of Bissamcuttack block on Monday.

Government buses remained off the roads in Rayagada. Although vehicular traffic from Muniguda to Chandrapur was disrupted, shops remained open. Combing operation in the district has been intensified.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Maoist-bandh-impacts-interiors-of-2-dists/2016/07/26/article3547432.ece

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Bastar man crucified, shot. He shared his name with Maoist commander

Having a namesake in Chhattisgarh’s Maoist-affected Bastar can be a deadly affair. Many Adivasis have paid the price for sharing the name with someone on the police hit list. Situ Hemla was recently crucified by security forces in Bijapur district’s Gangaloor region for sharing a name with a dreaded Maoist insurgent…

http://www.catchnews.com/india-news/bastar-man-crucified-shot-he-shared-his-name-with-maoist-commander-1469511982.html

Maoist couple held

THRISSUR: The police Monday arrested a Maoist couple who was hiding in the district. The two Keralites identified as Murukan (43) and his wife Sumathi (39) were arrested by Tamil Nadu Q Branch. They came to stay in a rented house at Marthakkara in Ollur six months back. The Tamil Nadu police on secret information took them into custody last night and left back to Tamil Nadu then itself.

http://www.kaumudi.com/innerpage1.php?newsid=80775

Kanam: Communist workers can’t be told to go to Cong. or BJP

..“Strengthening the Left is the need of the hour. The CPI’s policy is that Communist parties should present a united force against autocratic tendencies,” Mr. Rajendran said. He added that the CPI wanted to work with outfits like the CPI(ML) and the CPI(Maoist) for furthering this policy.

The CPI leader revealed that alleged Maoist leader Rupesh had written to him from jail, thanking for criticising his arrest. “Protesting voices are being muzzled to protect the interest of the rulers. The CPI has a different stance on it,” he said. “Modern politics calls for the strengthening of the Left. While such efforts are being made, people who leave one Communist party and desire to come along with us cannot be asked to go to the Congress or the BJP,” Mr. Rajendran added..

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Kochi/kanam-communist-workers-cant-be-told-to-go-to-cong-or-bjp/article8899757.ece

Cops to get an eye in the sky

Ranchi: The Jharkhand police will soon begin using drones in anti-Maoist operations and to apprehend criminals. The unmanned aircrafts were first used to keep a hawk-eye vigil during Ramnavami in April. Now, the police force plans to use drones as an integral part of the security detail.
“The drones, equipped with high-resolution cameras, allowed police to keep a hawk-eye vigil on crowds,” said Ranchi SSP Kuldeep Dwivedi. After the successful test run in April, Dwivedi said the decision to purchase three drones was made. The drones cost Rs 1.5 lakh each. Five policemen have been selected for training to operate the drones.

IG (operations) M S Bhatia said the possibility of using drones was discussed at a police meet recently. “The officers shared their views and it was decided that drones would be purchased to boost security,” Bhatia said. The drones will help remove the geographical constraints that security forces face during anti-Maoist operations…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Cops-to-get-an-eye-in-the-sky/articleshow/53350856.cms

9 mm carbine seized in Purulia

Purulia: A 9 mm carbine, similar to ones used by security forces, was seized from a person in the forests of Purulia. The spot where the gun was seized is close to the spot where a large quantity of arms and ammunition were air-dropped in 1995. Jamaluddin Ansari, the man who possessed it, is also a resident of Khatanga where Maoists killed a local landlord in 2002.

The Kotshila police station received intelligence inputs and raided the Urusoram village that is close to the forest. Rathu Pramanik, a villager was questioned and he revealed that Ansari was inside the forest with a carbine. Originally from Khatanga, Ansari has been living in the Mohandih village in Bokaro, Jharkhand, for the last three years. Based on Pramanik’s information, the police located Ansari and seized a red and yellow bag from him. The bag contained the carbine wrapped in a lungi. The bag also had two magazines and a couple of bullets. Ansari claimed that he had been offered Rs 80,000 for the weapon and was waiting for the buyer.

The police have not been able to find out who the buyer is and from where Ansari got hold of the automatic weapon. There is a general alert in the area as the CPI(Maoist) will be observing Martyr’s Week between July 28 and August 3. Ansari was produced before a court and remanded to police custody for 12 days.”We have charged Ansari under Sections 25 and 27 of the Arms Act. The weapon will be examined by forensics experts. We shall also send it outside the district for tests,” said Rupesh Kumar, SP, Purulia.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/9-mm-carbine-seized-in-Purulia/articleshow/53387713.cms

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12 detained in house raids in Dersim

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Special operations police conducted house raids in Sihenk neighborhood of Dersim province in the very early hours of Sunday morning.

HDP Party Assembly member Ali Ekber Kaya, Etkin News Agency (ETHA) reporter Ezgi Özer and Federation of Socialist Youth’s Unions (SGDF) member Mustafa Naci Toper are among those detained in the raid operation.

The detainees had reportedly gathered to join the commemoration of SGDF member Cebrail Günebakan, a victim of the Suruç massacre, by his grave in Dep area of Çêwlig (Bingöl).

On the other hand, police forces broke the doors of the houses targeted in the operation and blood stains were encountered in these houses after the raids.

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People’s War in India Clippings 24/7/2016

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Suspected Maoists led lives undercover canvassing for recruits

The three suspected Maoist women chose remote locations to go off the grid to avoid police scanner.

Though illiterate, top leader Kala was trained in arms, well-versed in the ideology of the ultras.

CHENNAI/KARUR:The three suspected Maoist women arrested by the Q branch police on Thursday led a shadow life as labourers in different parts of the country for years, according to police sources.

Among the three, Kala alias Janaki (52) is said to be the most prominent leader of the Maoist movement in Tamil Nadu and is believed to be well-trained in arms. “She was called ‘Amma’ by other cadre. She is illiterate, but had a deep knowledge of the Maoist ideology and trained in arms too,” said a police source in Karur.

She had been working as a daily labourer in Karur. But often changed her place of living. Most of the areas she stayed were remote villages to avoid the police radar.

According to sources, she was one of the persons who trained fresh Maoist cadre in the junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka, which is believed to be the most common meeting zone for left extremists. Kala’s husband Manikavasagam, also a Maoist activist, was still absconding, as per police records. Police suspect Kala was also involved in canvassing people to join the movement. About 29 police cases were pending against her, police claimed.

Another suspect, Renna Joyce Mary (32), was said to have moved to Padapai in Kancheepuram district just a month ago and joined as a tailor in a private textile firm. “There will be work only for a few days a week in the firm. The rest of the days she will be convincing people to join the movement,” said a Kancheepuram police source. Reena’s husband Kannan, also a suspected Maoist activist, has been in jail since 2002. He was arrested in an operation by State police at Uthangarai.

The third arrested person Chandra (42) had been staying with Kala in Karur and was working as a daily wager. The three arrested persons seemed to have developed a secret communication method with other cadre, which the police source refused to explain.

The Q branch SP S Maheswaran interrogated the accused and they were later produced before the magistrate courts. Since the two women — Kala and Chandra — said they did not have food since police nabbed them, the Magistrate ordered police to buy them food. The magistrate sent them to Tiruchy Central Prison for 15 days judicial custody and deferred the case to August 5. Reena was remanded in Vellore prison.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil_nadu/Suspected-Maoists-led-lives-undercover-canvassing-for-recruits/2016/07/23/article3543257.ece

Government to raise thirteen new armed police battalions to tackle Naxals

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS), headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved 12 India Reserve battalions for the Left Wing Extremism affected states. Thirteen new armed police battalions, including one comprising mostly tribals from the worst Maoist-hit districts, will be raised by the government to tackle the Naxal menace.

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS), headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved 12 India Reserve battalions for the Left Wing Extremism affected states. Of the 12 battalions, four will be raised in Chhattisgarh, three each in Jharkhand and Odisha and two in Maharashtra.
The CCS has made it clear that 75 per cent of the posts at constable level will be filled from 27 worst Naxal-hit states and there should be a relaxation in age and educational criteria as considered necessary for recruiting local youths, a Home Ministry official said.

Besides, approval has been given to CRPF for raising a ‘Bastariya’ battalion by recruiting youths from undivided Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. For this battalion, all constables will be recruited from tribal dominated Sukma, Dantewada, Narayanpur and Bijapur districts (all parts of undivided Bastar).

Further, two already sanctioned India Reserve battalions will be converted into auxiliary battalions in CRPF by recruiting youths from 15 severely Naxal affected districts of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Maharashtra and Odisha. Out of these 15 districts, five belong to Chhattisgarh.

The concept of ‘Bastariya’ battalion was considered useful as the recruits will be mostly tribals who would help address local unemployment issue, provide tactical advantage to CRPF in operations, intelligence collection and language benefits. While in case of tribal candidates in rest of the country where the minimum height has to be 160 CMs, as many as 4.5 CMs has been given as relaxation for the candidates from Bastar region while there will be 10 per cent relaxation in weight, which has to be proportionate to height and age in case of other candidates.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/government-to-raise-13-new-armed-police-battalions-to-tackle-naxals-2932555/

Two Naxals killed in police encounter in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district

Two Naxals were on Saturday killed in a gun-battle with security forces in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-hit Sukma district, police said.
The operation was launched by the state’s District Reserve Group (DRG) and a team of local police in co-ordination with Andhra Pradesh police under Konta police station limits, Sukma Superintendent of Police Indira Kalyan Elesela said. After receiving inputs about movement of lower-rung cadre in the forests of Konta bordering East Godavari district in Andhra Pradesh, security forces were mobilised towards the region, located around 500 kms away from Raipur, he said.

When the forces were cordoning off Pusguda forests on Gangraj hills, armed insurgents opened fire on them, triggering a gun-fight between the two sides, the SP said. “During searches, bodies of two Naxals besides as many muzzle loading guns were recovered from the spot,” he said. “The identity of the killed rebels is being ascertained,” the SP added. However, preliminary investigations suggest that one of them is the head of Janatana Sarkar group of ultras and another a member of a team involved in manufacturing local weapons for the banned outfit.

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/two-naxals-killed-in-police-encounter-in-chhattisgarhs-sukma-district-2931397/

Security forces, Naxals exchange fire in Rajnandgaon

Rajnandgaon, Jul 22 (PTI) Security forces and Naxals today exchanged fire in which some rebels may have been injured in dense forests of Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh, police said. The encounter took place in the forests under Khadgaon police station area adjoining Balod and Kanker districts, when a team of security personnel was carrying out a search operation in the region, about 200 km from the state capital Raipur, a senior police official said. The personnel came face-to-face with a group of armed ultras, triggering a gun-battle between them. On finding the security personnel zeroing on them, the rebels escaped into core forests, he added.

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/security-forces-naxals-exchange-fire-in-rajnandgaon/1/721867.html

IEDs recovered after massive search, security personnel targeted

Over two dozens of IEDs planted under a kutcha road in Sikid jungle in naxal-hit Latehar district were recovered by security personnel during a routine search operation, police said. Acting on a tip-off, the security personnel launched a massive search in the area and recovered 25 IEDs planted in a series underneath a kutcha road in the jungle, Superintendent of Policy Anup Birtheray said.

He said each IED weighed half kg and the explosive was planted targeting the security personnel. All the IEDs have been defused by the bomb disposal squad, he added. Meanwhile, two activists of ultra group ‘People’s Liberation Front of India’ (PLFI) were arrested and recovered arms and ammunition from Manahatu under Rania police station of extremist-affected Khunti district.

In course of a joint operation by CRPF and District Armed Police, two PLFI activists were areested Superintendent of Police Anish Gupta said.
Gupta told a press conference that a rifle, seven cartridges, 40 detonators and four mobile phones were seized from them.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/ieds-recovered-after-massive-search-security-personnel-targeted/article8891138.ece

Tribals allegedly as Maoists create flutter in Agency

Khammam: Indicating all is not well in the Agency, especially on the Telangana-Chhattisgarh border, the outlawed cadres of CPI- Maoist created flutter by allegedly planting explosives on the highway between Venkatapuram and Cherla in Khammam district, little over 300 km from Hyderabad, in the intervening night of Saturday and Sunday.

The incident comes in the wake of Maoists’ call for observing ‘Maoist Martyrs’ Week’ starting from July 28 to August 3 in the restive Dandakaranya region. It may be mentioned here that Maoists observe the Martyrs’ Week every year during this period in memory of the Naxalite movement founder Charu Mazumdar. Against this backdrop, the police had already beefed up the security measures in the region by deploying additional forces of Greyhounds, CoBRA and CRPF, besides intensifying combing operations and vehicle checks.

Despite this, around 60 armed rebellions took control of the highway near Ramachandrapuram village under Venkatapuram mandal in the wee hours of Sunday.They stopped the vehicular movement and told the travelers to keep quite. They arranged a rope across the highway and placed two sealed plastic bins on the road. They reportedly told the road users that the bins were filled with explosives and they may go off if the rope is removed. The Maoists, who loitered for about an-hour-and-a-half in the spot, disappeared into the nearby forest leaving posters of martyrs, and pamphlets on the road.

Fearing explosion, a large number of vehicles stranded on both sides of the rope blockade till 6 am. However, the police, who reached the spot in the morning, restored the traffic. Later in the afternoon, the security personnel, who cordoned off the entire area, pressed bomb disposal and dog squads into the service. The authorities also summoned another bomb disposal squad from Hyderabad as a backup to deal with any kind of exigency. Blocking the road for about four hours, the police cleared the explosives.

Speaking to The Hans India, Bhadrachalam ASP R Bhaskaran said: “One of the two bins was filled with explosives. The expert team detonated it safely and the situation is totally under control now. The combing operation will go on as usual.”  The letter purportedly left by the Maoists appealed to people to observe Martyrs’ Week. Opposing the Green Hunt operation, the Maoists demanded the Central and State governments to stop atrocities against the Adivasis and marginalized sections. Meanwhile, the people living in bordering villages appeared edgy with the fear of being caught in the crossfire.

http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/Telangana/2016-07-25/Tribals-allegedly-as-Maoists-create-flutter-in-Agency/244473

Khammam on high alert ahead of Maoist Martyr’s Week

KHAMMAM: High alert has been sounded in the Agency areas of the district ahead of Maoist Martyr’s Week slated between July 28 and August 3. Sensing trouble ahead, the Intelligence department has beefed up security in the Agency pockets. Additional units of COBRA, CRPF, and Greyhounds have been deployed along the border areas and other places. Forces camping in the Agency areas of Bhadrachalam have launched combing operations in forest areas.

Meanwhile, wall posters bearing Maoist agenda have come up at Laxmipuram and other places in the Agency area. The Ultras, through the posters, have sought public support to wage a war against Union and state governments for killing innocent tribals. The posters also criticised the state and Central governments for their anti-people policies, and taking up operation Green Hunt in AP, Telangana and Chhattisgarh. Taking cue from the posters, higher officials have alerted all the 11 police stations along the border areas and instructed them to maintain a strict vigil. Police suspect Ultras might attack their stations and damage government properties.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/telangana/Khammam-on-high-alert-ahead-of-Maoist-Martyrs-Week/2016/07/24/article3544338.ece

Police on alert ahead of Maoist martyr’s week

MALKANGIRI : WITH less than seven days left for Maoist martyr’s week, the police are not willing to take any chances in the rebel strongholds. Additional security forces have been sent to sensitive areas and combing has been intensified to flush out the Maoists. The week will be observed by the Maoists from July 28 to August 3 to pay tributes to their slain leaders and cadres. Apprehending that besides paying homage to its members killed in encounters, erecting memorials, conducting meetings in villages and recruiting youths, the Maoists could engage in violence post-observance of the week, police are on high alert.Maoist groups, mostly from border areas of Chhattisgarh, cross over and carry out attacks and retreat quickly, police said.

To make their presence felt, the Maoists have been reportedly putting up banners in different parts of Kalimela, Podia and Motu appealing to villagers to participate in observance of the week. A senior police official said on condition of anonymity that violent incidents cannot be ruled out during the week on Odisha-Chhattisgarh border where the Maoists are sore after the killings of their top leaders such as Madhav and others.

If sources are to be believed, top Maoist cadres from Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh have already entered the district a few days back and are organising meetings in remote areas of Manyamkonda, Bhejanguda, Kangrukonda, Sudhakonda, Tekguda, MV-79, Salimi, Mahupadar and cut off regions on the other side of Chitrakonda reservoir to mobilise people for the week-long celebration. However, the police seem to be determined not to allow the Maoists conduct any programmes during the week. Combing operations are continuing and a few days back the Border Security Forces, CoBRA, District Voluntary Forces and Special Operations Group of Odisha Police have been reinforced in rebel strongholds to foil the evil designs of the rebels.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Police-on-alert-ahead-of-Maoist-martyrs-week/2016/07/23/article3542874.ece

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Maoists call Kandhamal, Rayagada Bandh on July 25

Bhubaneswar: The Maoist committee of Basadhara-Ghumusar-Nagabali division has announced Bandh Call for Kandhamal and Rayagada on July 25 through posters. Posters have been found at many places across the two districts, according to reports. The posters have mentions that the Maoists of Basadhara-Ghumusar-Nagabali want to hold bandh in the two districts on Monday in protest against killing of five persons at Gumudumaha village in Kandhamal district on July 8. It may be noted that five persons, including two woman and a 15-month-old girl, had been killed allegedly in a crossfire between Maoists and SOG Jawans that took place in a jungle near Gumudumaha on July 8.

http://www.prameyanews7.com/en/jul2016/odisha/28957/Maoists-call-Kandhamal-Rayagada-Bandh-on-July-25.htm

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Red Corridor to be redrawn by govt.

20 out of 106 districts may lose aid if they are dropped from list

The BJP-led National Democratic Alliance government (NDA) is set to reduce the number of Maoist-affected districts by about a fifth. A senior Home Ministry official told The Hindu that approximately 20 of the 106 districts which have been described as being Maoist-affected and are part of the Red Corridor may soon no longer be part of the list. This exercise, under way now for two years, is being done for the first time since 2006, when the Maoist-affected districts were identified and graded on the basis of their violence profile.

The names of the districts and the reasons for being considered to be taken off the list have been communicated to the States and a response is awaited. The names are not being revealed because of the sensitivities of the States which fear that once a district is taken off the list financial aid which is made available to the districts – to the tune of Rs. 30 crore annually for various developmental work – will dry up…

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/red-corridor-to-be-redrawn/article8894304.ece

Red terror: Bihar plans joint operation with Jharkhand

Patna: Taking lessons from the July 18 encounter in Aurangabad in which 10 CoBRA commandos were killed, security forces in Bihar would soon launch a joint anti-Maoist operation with Jharkhand police on the lines of “Operation Abujhmad” in Chhattisgarh. Operation Abujhmad is considered one of the toughest anti-Maoist operations in the country. “This is the first time in Bihar that Maoists have triggered serial landmine blasts to attack the security personnel. CRPF DG K Durga Prasad and other senior security officials from Jharkhand have held a meeting to chalk out strategy for flushing out Maoists from their dens,” DGP P K Thakur said.

Sources said taking a cue from Operation Abujhmad, the CRPF is planning to comb the Maoist-infested areas keeping the standard operating procedure in mind. “We will not spare those involved in killing our colleagues,” said a CRPF officer. He added that helicopters have already been stationed in Gaya for air surveillance. “Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) would soon be brought from other states for anti-Maoist operations in Bihar. The UAVs or drones will help us keep an eye on the forest and hilly terrains,” the officer added.

The CRPF has a specialized wing of 10 units of CoBRA. The 205 unit of CoBRA is already stationed in Gaya. Two more units will be pressed into service from Jharkhand. “Apart from the CoBRA commandos, CRPF, Special Task Force and police personnel would also join the operations in Bihar and Jharkhand,” the officer said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Red-terror-Bihar-plans-joint-operation-with-Jharkhand/articleshow/53369382.cms

Aurangabad police to take action against fake sim providers

Aurangabad: The district police have decided to take punitive action against owners of shops selling fake sim cards on the basis of fake addresses and identity proofs. A decision to this effect was taken after the recent blast triggered by the Maoists in which 10 CoBRA commandos were killed.
Police sources said most of the Maoist activity are planned on cell phones. They keep a tab on each activity of the district armed police (DAP) and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) engaged in anti-Maoist operations in the district. According to sources, the Maoists used cell phones for recce during the recent IED blasts.

A police official said, during investigation it has come to light that the Maoists were in constant touch with each other during the encounter and the order to blast IEDS was also given on mobile phone to their group members in the jungle. “Maoists change their SIM cards frequently and this makes it difficult for police to nab them. By putting a check on sale of fake sim through fake documents, police will be able cut of their communication line,” said the police officer…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Aurangabad-police-to-take-action-against-fake-sim-providers/articleshow/53369046.cms

Posted in Maoists India, prisons, resistance, war | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

People’s War in India Clippings 22/7/2016

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Maoists Vs Former Maoists: A Peep Into Jharkhand’s Counter-LWE Policy – Analysis

Given that a force-centric policy, in which the states are inclined to use vigilante groups and former Maoists against the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist), is largely seen to have taken precedence over the other identified components of the official anti-Left-wing Extremism (LWE) strategy, what sort of end game can one foresee in the next five years? Will the efforts of the Indian state result in a complete defeat of the CPI-Maoist, thereby resolving the problem of left-wing extremism? Or will the CPI-Maoist’s absence merely lead to an enabling environment for smaller extremist groups to thrive? Jharkhand’s experience points at the second possibility. An operationally convenient and yet shortsighted policy pursued by the state that encourages the smaller factions or vigilante groups to operate against the CPI-Maoist may end the bigger problem to a large extent. However, the resultant vacuum is likely to be exploited by these very agents of change to keep the fire of extremism, if not revolution, burning.

In Jharkhand, the ‘unofficial’ policy of using factions of the CPI-Maoist against the parent outfit was a direct result of the operational constraint of not having enough policemen on the ground to fight the extremists. The state had been carved out of Bihar in 2000. In 2002, the first year for which official data on police strength is available for the state, Jharkhand’s total strength of police personnel stood at a meager 10,493. For a state spread over 79,714 sq km, it meant a police density (policemen for a 100 sq km area) of 13. By 2005, the total strength had increased to 24,563, but still translated to a police density of 30. The state police establishment was in no position to resist the surge of the CPI-Maoist’s activities that had begun in 2004, immediately after the outfit’s formation. By 2010, the strength and density had increased to 46,613, representing a police density of 58. In comparison, geographically smaller states like Tripura, Punjab and Haryana had a police density of 231, 132, and 107, respectively.

Under an unofficial policy, Superintendents of Police in various LWE affected districts in Jharkhand started exploiting the fissures that had started appearing in the CPI-Maoist’s ranks along caste lines. Tribal versus non-tribal, tribal versus tribal, and upper caste versus lower caste divisions played out as the outfit desperately failed to use its ideology to unite its diverse array of foot soldiers and medium and low rank leaders. The People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI), the Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC), and the Jharkhand Jana Mukti Parishad (JJMP) were some of the prominent groups that emerged breaking ranks with the CPI-Maoist. Each of these outfits present a fascinating narrative of collusion with the state and the operational benefits they provided the state’s ineffectual police force…

http://www.eurasiareview.com/21072016-maoists-vs-former-maoists-a-peep-into-jharkhands-counter-lwe-policy-analysis/

‘90 killed in 6 months in Bastar fake encounters’

Senior Maoist leader Ganesh Uike has accused the security forces of killing over 90 people in fake and staged encounters in the first six months of this year in the restive Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.

A member of the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) Danda Karanya Special Zonal Committee (DKSZC) and the head of its Bastar Sub Zonal Bureau, Mr. Uike has also alleged that the security forces have sexually assaulted 50 women in Bastar during the Chhattisgarh government’s anti-Maoist campaign ‘Mission 2016’.

“Over 90 people have been killed in the last six months in the name of ‘Mission 2016’ by security forces in Bastar. Over 50 women have been sexually assaulted and hundreds of tribals have been declared ‘warrantee Maoists’ and are being tortured in jail. In the name of anti-Maoist campaign, large-scale attacks are carried out on the common people of Bastar.

It’s a police raj in the BJP-ruled Chhattisgarh and human rights of the common public are being openly violated,” Mr. Uike said in a press statement.

“After Vijay Kumar’s [the special security advisor to the Union Home Ministry] visit, the security forces attacked Mandel, Gondod, Gampur Karka, Eramgonda, Pendam, Edasmetta, Pasnur, Todka and Palnar village of Bastar and committed atrocities on ordinary citizens like an invading foreign army.

The people of Chhattisgarh are battling inflation, drought, and unemployment but the State government is only concerned about anti-Maoist campaigns,” he said.

Vows revenge

“On July 10, four of our men were killed by the police in Bijapur. There was no firing from our men. But the police opened heavy firing on our men and killed them and called it a major encounter,” he claimed.

Mr. Uike, however, accepted that all four were “active Maoists” and vowed to take “revenge”. He also owned up the killings of three BJP leaders in Bijapur.

http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/over-90-killed-in-6-months-in-bastar-fake-encounters-maoist-leader/article8877766.ece

Maoists take onus for Aurangabad encounter

Patna/Aurangabad: The CPI (Maoist) on Wednesday owned up responsibility for the Aurangabad encounter on July 18 at Dumaria Nala forest area in Aurangabad district, in which 10 CRPF personnel and three Maoists were killed. Paramjeet, spokesperson of the central zonal committee of the outfit, in a press statement admitted three members of the organization lost their lives. He said, “The three cadres who died in the encounter are Prince alias Jitender, Harinder alias Uday and Bipin alias Kisan. Our brave cadres killed 10 CoBRA jawans of the CRPF. We laid the trap by giving them misleading information over the telephone which was under their surveillance. The fourth body is of a villager, not of our cadre.”

He said the operation was carried out to shake the confidence of the security forces. A CRPF official said, “The area has dense forest and hundreds of landmines could be planted there by the ultras. The evacuation (of injured CRPF personnel) suffered as chopper could not land there. Despite the huge loss of lives that shocked the jawans in operation, we prepared another 50 men to evacuate the injured.” Sources said many sophisticated arms of the security personnel were damaged during the explosions. The Maoist spokesman demanded immediate withdrawal of Operation Green Hunt, saying their attacks would continue till it ends. “Our organization has enough arms and ammunition to take on security personnel. These will be used as per the requirement,” he added.

He also claimed security forces were torturing innocents villagers, alleging they were supporters of Maoists. Meanwhile, a core committee meeting of the top brass of Bihar Police and CRPF’s CoBRA wing was held at Gaya on Wednesday. “The officers are now trying to find out where the security forces went wrong on the day of encounter,” said an officer.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Maoists-take-onus-for-Aurangabad-encounter/articleshow/53308509.cms

We may be down, but will bounce back, says Maoist leader Chalapati

Admitting that the Naxal movement has received serious setbacks in recent times in the form of encounter deaths and surrender of leaders, East Division secretary Pratapareddy Ramchandrareddy alias Appa Rao alias Chalapati said security forces have made quite a few strikes but claimed that the ‘people’s movement’ has not been suppressed and will bounce back. In an exclusive interview with TOI in the interiors of the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB) on the eve of the Martyr’s Week to be observed by the Naxals from July 28-August 3, Chalapati said like their comrades elsewhere in the country, the Naxals of the East Division too need to change the strategy to match the changing socio-economic, political and global scenario.

Where does the Maoist movement in AOB stand now? And why has it been facing such hard times?

n The multi-pronged attacks by the state government through its security forces as well as own mistakes has led to the Maoists being in the situation now. We have some weaknesses in waging the class struggle. Moreover, we have not actively mobilised the people as well as our own cadre to launch counter attacks against the security forces. We have to re-examine our guerilla warfare techniques as well as strengthen our underground network.

So would it be correct to say that the Maoists have totally failed in mobilising the masses?

n That is not true. If we have failed in all aspects, we would have ceased to exist. While admitting that we have faced setbacks, I would like to remind you that the party has faced difficult times in the past and regained its strength and lost glory. At the same time, I am willing to concede that we have constraints in attracting the people in all levels to the party ideology and policies. We shall do so now by strengthening our political and organisational setups.

There are allegations that some of the militia members have been misguiding the party for their selfish motives and causing the death of innocent people after branding them as police informers?

n Ours is a party of the masses. We will not take anybody’s word that so and so is an informer and kill him. The party has been strictly following the standard procedure laid down by the higher committees. However, I must add that in the conspiracy to eliminate the Maoists party, the ruling classes and the state government have been exploiting people in the tribal areas by converting them as police informer and agents. Such people are being given arms by the police and a special police officer (SPO) network created. It is such elements that we are eliminating.

Your party has lost the stronghold areas such as Narayanapatna, Bandugaon in Odisha and many more places in Visakha and East Godavari districts. Party leaders are not in a position to visit many villages in both the Visakha Agency and AOB now as they have no support. Did the party analyse these conditions?

n Learning lessons from mistakes and failures is a continuous process. The Naxalbari and Srikakulam armed struggles were formed through the lessons learnt from the Telangana armed struggle. Likewise, the Dandakaranya, Bihar and Jharkhand movements were based on the lessons learnt from the Naxalbari and Srikakulam struggles. Losing or gaining the dominance of areas or places would depend on the relative strength of the movement as of its rivals. Therefore, you need to examine the overall strength of the movement. For example, in China, the revolutionaries had lost their strongholds several times before finally taking over the entire country. The lessons from these struggles will guide the future agitations.

Any particular reason why the party has lost its grip over its so called bastions in the AOB?

n The state through its security forces has launched a massive repression on the movement since 1996 with a clear strategy. We failed to counter it by involving people in large numbers. As a result, by 2006, the movement began growing once again after receiving many setbacks in the AOB. We reduced the number of squads and converted them into platoons to counter the increasing strength of the enemy. Since then, the people of AOB are very much with us.

If the movement is strong and is being backed by the people, why is it seeing so many leaders surrendering to the police and coming overground?

n Many of those who surrendered did so for health reasons. You need to recall that the movement gained new strength in 2004 after the merger of three parties. We lost many people and strongholds due to Operation Greenhunt, an all-out offensive by paramilitary forces and the state forces in 2009 along the borders of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Following that, our Central Committee meeting in 2013 analysed the present conditions and changed our strategy. These hard times are only temporary. I can confidently say that the party will overcome this situation. The movement will sustain till the oppressed sections get the living rights and ownership of the land.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/We-may-be-down-but-will-bounce-back-says-Maoist-leader-Chalapati/articleshow/53317001.cms

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Police keep a hawk’s eye on ferry points

The ferry points on Pranahita river in Koutala and Bejjur mandals are in focus as they are known for extremists crossing over into Adilabad from Maharashtra

Though a month has passed since the dreaded Maoist Athram Shobhan alias Charles got killed in an encounter in the neighbouring Gadchiroli district in Maharashtra, the expected surrenders by his comrade extremists have not materialised in Adilabad.

There is no naxal movement in the district either since then, which constitutes whatever tangible impact that is seen after the June 19 encounter.

The police, nonetheless, have not relaxed their vigil on the long border that the eastern side of the district shares with Maharashtra’s naxal affected Gadchiroli district. The ferry points on Pranahita river in Koutala and Bejjur mandals are especially in focus as they are known for extremists crossing over into this district from the neighbouring State.

The two mandals form part of the Sirpur Assembly constituency which shot into prominence owing to the money spinning development activity being witnessed here. The activity is said to have attracted the attention of Maoists who are allegedly looking to extort money from contractors.

“We are also keeping an eye on some relatively unknown river crossing places like the Gundaipet ferry point in Koutala. The likelihood of large dalams crossing over from such places is remote though chances of two members of an action team carrying weapon cannot be ruled out,” observed Koutala Inspector of Police S. Acheshwara Rao as he delved into the subject.

Usually, it is in June and July that naxalite dalams cross over into this district as is evident from their movements reported in previous years. They apparently take advantage of the camouflage offered by increase in greenery during monsoon.

As the ferry points are located even as far as 15 to 20 km from mandal headquarters, the only way of keeping an eye on the activity on the shores of the rivers is through increased combing operations, which is being done by the police. The police, however, anticipate that their efforts will be strengthened owing to an improved informant network as a consequence of Janamythri, the mass contact programme launched by Superintendent of Police Vikram Jeet Duggal a few weeks ago.

“The programme has certainly had an impact on people in that their perception of police is changing fast. In any case, I appeal to the Maoists to surrender and join the mainstream,” Mr. Duggal stated.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/police-keep-a-hawks-eye-on-ferry-points/article8878372.ece

North Andhra on high alert

Visakhapatnam: Cops in East Godavari, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam are on a high alert in view of the CPI Maoists observing Martyrs Week from July 28 to August 3.

According to sources, Maoists, who had lost many cadres in the recent encounters, surrenders and arrests by the cops, are desperate to show their prowess in the Andhra Odisha Border (AOB). Not wanting to take any chances, security forces including the elite force – Greyhounds – have been deployed for combing operations in north Andhra along with the CRPF and district armed reserve forces. As a prelude to Martyrs Week, the naxals recalled the contribution of comrades like Azad, Anand, Kamala and Kudumula Ravi a couple days ago in the interiors of AOB.

“Generally, Maoists will not indulge in any violent activity during Martyrs Week. But the changing scenario may push them to such activities. So we don’t want to take any chance. We have already taken various measures in the Visakha agency. Our security personnel have been deployed at various locations,” the Visakha Rural SP Rahul Dev Sarma told TOI.

Sources said Maoists were planning to observe Martyrs Week to show their dominance in the Visakha agency as they lost three main cadres at the Marripakalu-Palasamudram encounter in Koyyuru on May 4 this year and PLGA main leader Kudumula Venkata Rao alias Ravi due to illness. “They will not leave any opportunity in observing martyrs week. The movement of naxals was visible at Galikonda and even Korukonda, besides Pedabayalu and Munchingput border areas,” police sources said.

Cops suspect that big leaders are likely to participate in programmes in the Vizianagaram district of AP and Koraput district in Odisha. Anticipating such a development, CRPF personnel have been deployed in Makkuva and Parvathipuram mandal. After merger of four mandals including Chintoor in East Godavari from Khammam district, Maoists activity has increased in the zone as Chintoor shares borders with Chhattisgarh. Besides, the East Godavari police department has established a sub-division at Chintoor and posted an ASP for the division to deal with anti-naxal operations, a senior police officer said.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/North-Andhra-on-high-alert/articleshow/53333047.cms

Naxal chiefs flee after clash with CRPF men

New Delhi: Three top CPI (Maoist) members – Sandeep Yadav, Arvindji alias Dev Kumar Singh and Kundan Yadav who were holding a meeting with 50-60 of their followers in the Maoist hotbed of Chakarbanda forest in Bihar’s Aurangabad district, narrowly escaped the CRPF’s CoBRA commandos on Monday…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Naxal-chiefs-flee-after-clash-with-CRPF-men/articleshow/53311485.cms

Naxal suspect Rupesh chargesheeted

Madikeri: A suspected Maoist leader and Naxal Rupesh was on Thursday produced before Madikeri court amidst tight security. While alighting from the police bus near the court building, Rupesh raised slogans like ‘Naxalbari zindabad’, ‘Maoist zindabad’ and ‘Maoists are patriots’. He was brought from Coimbatore jail, where he is lodged, and produced before the JMFC court here. His advocate Vidyadhar told reporters that Kodagu police have filed a chargesheet against him. He is requesting the court to consider him as a political prisoner. JMFC munsiff Srikanth heard his plea and told his advocate to move the sessions court to place his appeal…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mysuru/Naxal-suspect-Rupesh-chargesheeted/articleshow/53330286.cms

3 alleged women Maoists arrested in Tamil Nadu

CHENNAI/KARUR: Three alleged Maoist women cadre were arrested by the Q branch police on Thursday from Karur and Kancheepuram districts. Police sources identified them as Reena Joyce Mary (32), Kala a.k.a Janaki (53) and Chandra (52).Reena was a suspect in a 2008 encounter between the police and the Maoists at Kodaikanal. She was also one of the Maoists arrested in an operation at Uthangarai in 2002.

Sources said a police team traced Reena, who was found working in a textile factory at Padapai on Thursday evening. Based on the information given by her, another police team traced Kala and Chandra living in a rented house at Vengamedu in Karur district. One of the duo swallowed a piece of paper on seeing the police, onlookers said adding she shouted pro-Maoist slogans.

Police are trying to find out how long they were residing in Vengamedu and their links with the house owner in Karur. The two women have been taken to an undisclosed location for interrogation. They are likely to be produced before a judicial magistrate on Friday. Police officials said these suspects had contacts with Maoists in other states and some of them had jumped bail.

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/tamil_nadu/3-alleged-women-Maoists-arrested-in-Tamil-Nadu/2016/07/22/article3541525.ece

Two women suspected to be Maoists held in Chennai

CHENNAI: Tamil Nadu ‘Q’ branch sleuths have arrested two women suspected to be Maoists involved in an attack on Uthangarai police station in Krishnagiri in 2002. Based on a specific tip, a police team led by the ‘Q’ branch Villupuram police inspector and a Coimbatore police inspector nabbed the suspects who were identified as Reena Joy Mary, 35, and Kala, 38, from a hideout in Manimangalam near Chromepet on Thursday.
Police said the women were hiding intermiteently in Villupuram and Chennai. Inquiries revealed that Mary and Kala were regularly travelled to Chhattisgarh to meet Maoist leaders. They were also involved in training youngsters in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, police said…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Two-women-suspected-to-be-Maoists-held-in-Chennai/articleshow/53329995.cms

..Reeta Mary (32), Kala alias Janaki (53) and Chandra (52) were taken into custody by ‘Q’ branch personnel in plain clothes after keeping them under surveillance for nearly 10 days. The three were suspected to be Maoists. Speaking to ‘News Today’, a senior ‘Q’ Branch official said that the arrested Maoists were senior level leaders and were engaged in recruitment and setting up of base camps here.

The police have seized cell phones and manuals from the spot, which would be examined later. The official said, the police would ask for their custody for further interrogation. The police sources said, they were already into ‘Maoist activities’. The spouses of all three women are Maoists as well and are active in the ‘tri-junction’ areas. In the guise of quarry workers, the women, were leading low-profile lives in Karur and Kanchipuram areas, a police source said. They intended to initiate college-goers, trade unions and others into the Maoist ideology.

Mary is the wife of Kannan, who is lodged in jail. She lived in the Erumaiyur area in Manimangalam from where she was arrested. The couple were allegedly involved in the Uthankarai police encounter in 2002. She also has other pending cases against her. Sundaramoorthy, husband of Chandra was arrested for bombing a prison in Kharagpur in 2007. He is currently in Puzhal jail. Janaki and Chandra resided in Vengamedu in Karur. The former’s husband Manivasagam is a proclaimed offender still on the run. The police will further investigate if the women have already initiated anyone in the surrounding areas into the ideology.

http://newstodaynet.com/chennai/maoists-arrest-cops-reveal-shocking-details

Joint operation: Maoist fort captured in north Chattisgarh

Bilaspur: In a joint operation, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand police busted a stronghold of Maoists in Balrampur district bordering Jharkhand. Security forces claimed to have killed six Maoists in the operation that lasted for about two weeks and have recovered a huge cache of IEDs, electric wires and detonators from the spot.

The operation was carried out at Budha Pahad in Chunchuna-Pudang area of Balrampur district of north Chhattisgarh. Budha Pahad of Chunchuna-Pudang area has been a shelter of Maoists for long time. Recently, Balrampur police received tip off about presence of hundreds of Maoists in Jokari hills of Budha Pahad. IF Surguraja Himanshu Gupta, Balrampur SP Sadanand Kumar, SPs of Gadhva and Latehar in Jharkhand along with six companies of 62 and 81 battalion of CRPF, STF and SAF decided to launch a joint operation against the Maoists…

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/raipur/Joint-operation-Maoist-fort-captured-in-north-Chattisgarh/articleshow/53315226.cms

Cop from four states vow coordinated action against Maoists

Top police officials from four states — Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal — Wednesday decided to work on better inter-state coordination and information sharing, particularly in the inter-state border areas, to curb the menace of left-wing extremism…

http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/odisha-jharkhand-bengal-chhattisgarh-maoist-attacks-curb-police-encounter-2926827/

Police conduct intensive search for Maoists

The District Police in The Nilgiris on Thursday conducted an intensive search for a Maoist leader Vikram Gouda and three other members of the movement, following a rumour that they have entered the district. Police conducted a search at check posts with the pictures of the four persons.

A senior police officer in that district said that the search was based on an alert to police in The Nilgiris and Coimbatore around 8 a.m. on Thursday. The officer said there were rumours that they could have intruded through Mettupalayam or the bordering villages in Kerala.

All the vehicles crossing the border were thoroughly checked. Vehicles were also checked at the towns in the district. While no Maoists were spotted by the searching teams, the police, special task force and forest personnel continued intensive combing operation till the late hours of the day.

Superintendent of Police (SP) of The Nilgiris, Murali Rambha, told reporters that the search was based on an alert from their source and that there was no such movement of Maoists in the district. He also said that they are planning to have five more check posts on the district’s border with Kerala, in addition to the existing 10 check posts.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Coimbatore/police-conduct-intensive-search-for-maoists/article8883882.ece

Maoist posters surface in Bhadrachalam

Maoists have put up wall posters at Laxmi Colony in Charla mandal headquarters urging people to observe “martyrs week” from July 28 to August 3.

According to sources, a bunch of printed wall posters have surfaced in the name of CPI (Maoist) State committee at a culvert near Laxmi Colony on the outskirts of Charla in Bhadrachalam division in the early hours of Thursday. The posters contained slogans denouncing the alleged attempts by the State government to suppress people’s movements against displacement of adivasis, farmers and poor people owing to opencast and other major projects.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/martyrs-week/article8884210.ece

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